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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, March 16, 1946

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 16, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL LU Associated Press and United press Full Leased Wires MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 10 1946 342 in Iowa Election Race Democrats Put Up 147 in Primary Des Moines demo crats will have 147 candidates on the June 3 primary ballots in their drive to regain a share in the state government so predominant ly republican in recent years Total filings which closed at midnight Friday night showed 342 candidates for both parlies In addition to having candidates m the field for all the major state and congressional posts the democrats filed for all but two of the 108 seats in the state house of and Van Eureu for 20 of the 23 slate senate seats which will be filled in November having no candidates in the sixth seventh and 12th districts Republicans filed no candidates for the senate from Dubuque county or for the house from Du buque two Palo Alto or Wayne counties Republican fil ings totaled 195 There were 300 filings for both parties in 1944 and 365 in 1942 Actually there will be few con tests in the June 3 primary and most interest will be centered on the fight between Gov Robert D Blue and Brig Gen George Olm sted for the republican nomination for governor Frank Miles is un opposed for the democratic nomin ation Earl G Miller opposes Secretary of State Wayne Ropes who is seek ing republican renomination but Jack Pinta Manly tax commis sion employe who also had an nounced for that nomination failed to file There are contests for the re publican nominations for attorney M Rankin incum bent and L W Laughlin of Mt for the republican nom ination for state M Grimes incumbent and John Hamilton Cruickshank Sioux City The filing of Lloyd R Smith of Forest City a state gasoline tax office emplcye for the republican nomination for commerce commis sioner was a surprise and brought the number of candidates for The two republican nominations for that post to four The other can didates are David R Long and B M Richardson incumbents and Warren MacHenry Des Moines Primary contests appear in only 3 congressional races Dan J l Ryan Parkersburg and Ernest j Seemann Waterloo seek the democratic nomination in the 3rd district Miss Rachel Guthrie Center opposes Rep Ben J Jensen Exira for the re publican nomination in the 7th and Ray Yenter Des Moines op poses Rep Paul Cunningham for the republican nomination in the fifth The democrats had a candidate j for state representative from I Pottawattami county by virtue of i a late drive by Council Bluffs i taxi drivers who left there at 9 p m with nominating petitions for Charles W McCauley of Council Bluffs and arrived at the secretary of states office at p m with 5 minutes to spare Pearl M Hacker of Council BJuffs had filed for the nomination but withdrew at the last minute on advice of her physician Only other withdrawal was D D Fuller Maquoketa who had filed for the republican nomina tion for state representative from Jackson county June 3 Primary Lineup REPUBLICANS Governor Robert D Blue Eagle Grove I George Olmsted Des Moines DEMOCRATS Frank Miles Des Moines Lieutenant Governor jiicuieiJJilt Kenneth A Evans Emerson I Secretary of Wayne M Ropes Onawa I Earl G Miller Des Moines State Auditor C B Chet Akers Ottumwa I William A Yager Spirit Lake State Treasurer Sewell E Allen Onawa Stale Michael P Hogan Dubuque John M Rankin Keokuk I City Attorney General L W LaughlinMt Ayr Upton B Kepford Waterloo OCV1 CAtll Harry D Linn Des Moines I Secretary of Agriculture Des Moines I F j McMahon Manning Superintendent of Public Instruction j Jessie M Parker Lake Mills I JjUUIil 1VI Commerce Commissioner 2 to Be Elected Laura Nanes Pelia David B Long Des Moines I B M Richardson Cedar Rapids Warren MacHenry Des Moines Lloyd R Smith Forest City RayWalsh Varina Isaac Snyder Centerville U S REPRESENTATIVE First District Thomas E Martin Iowa City I ciair A Williams Danville Second District Henry O Talle Decorah IJ Richard V BernhartOelwein Third District John W Gwynne Waterloo 1 Ernest J Seemann Waterloo Dan J P Ryan Fourth District r uu K M LeCompte Corydon I Paul Cunningham Des Moines f I Ray Yeuter Des Moines Fifth District A E Augustine Oskaloosa V L Browner Des Moines Sixth District James I Dolliver Fort Dodge I Oscar E Johnson Kanawha Seventh District Phillip A Allen Onawa Ben F Jensen Exira I Rachel Revell Guthrie Center Charles B Hoever Alton I Eighth District George A Heikens Spencer RUSSIA TO URGE HELP OF UNRRA Atlantic City N J served notice Saturday that the so viet would press its fight for de nial ol UNRRA aid to hundreds of thousands of political refugees Delegate Nikolai Feonov said in a brief interview that Russia plan ned to renew that she lost 6 months ago at ing this fourth session of UNRRA council The lineup on the dispute ap peared roughly the same now as then with Britain and the United States against use of relief to force displaced nationals home Eye astigmatism is caused by scarred or wrinkled condition of the cornea the transparent win dow in the skin of the eye before the lens Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and continued mild Saturday night and Sunday with considerable rain Saturday night Iowa Cloudy with considerable rain Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy in east portion and cloudy in west portion xvith occasional rain in northwest portion Continued mild Minnesota Rain south and central portions Saturday night and over entire state Sunday except ending in extreme southeast Sunday afternoon Little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturda mo oclock Saturday morning Maximum 52 Minimum 47 At 8 a m Saturday 48 Precipitation 01 YEAR AGO Maximum si Minimum 33 Soviet Press Claims Iran Violated Pact London controlled Moscow press and radio Saturdav accused Iran of violating the sov ietIranian oil agreement and charged that an antisoviet bloc was being created in the near east While hurling accusations at Iran Turkey and Iraq Moscow said that Russia intends to make herself so strong within 15 years that she will be secure against any attack A radio Moscow commen tator said the soviet union needed peace to achieve this goal Pravda issued a new call for an even stronger red army to safe guard our country from all event ualities and prevent attempts at new aggressions The government newspaper Izvestia charged the Tehran gov ernment with giving to Anglo American oil interests concessions which had been reserved for Ru sia under the pact of 1921 For 20 years Izvestia said the policy of Iranian ruling circles re garding oil concessions was per meated with hostility to the soviet union and directed toward promo tion of clashes between Russia and other great powers HOWZE ARRIVES WITH SOLDIERS New York Scheduled to arrive here on the Gen Howze were the following North lowans T3 John K Thompson Chrrlei City CapU Dorothv A Tomhavt Esthervllle T3 Donaia E Tort EfhetrWc Sfl John W Coslljrin Lawler Sjt Xorbrrt J Thljjfi Boac Cpl Mtrlc M Shavtr Muoncily Cifj TitiemM Jr Mason Manchurian Situation Critical Says Marshall IRAN WILL PUT DISPUTE UP COUNCIL OF UNO Believe United States Will Give Full Support to Appeal From Iran Washington decisive test of Russias willingness to work within UNO framework in the fu ture shaped up Saturday as Iran made known it will ask the secur ity council to reexamine its trou ble with Moscow American officials who would not be quoted expressed them selves pleased that Iran had de cided on such action and left no doubt that the United States will give full support to such an ap peal This country reportedly was ready to invoke the guarantees of the united nations charter in an effort to end the tension which re cent Russian moves have created in the highly strategic zone of the middle east The tipoff on this intention diplomatic officials said was the assurance they asserted has been given both Iran and Turkey that the United States would back them against aggression in fulfillment of the letter of the united nations charter Despite the admittedly uneasy situation existing some conces sional quarters said they were hopeful for an early and favorable solution of difficulties Two legislators who asked not to be quoted by name told a re porter they would not be surprised if Russia takes the initiative soon some move foeasiifhe tension that has been created by her fail ure to withdraw troops from Iran on schedule They gave no intimation of what form this possible action might take Plans Moscow new 5year Plan for Russia will develop atomic Power and boost production to times the prewar level N A Voznesensky head of the plan ning department has informed the supreme soviet Speaking at a joint session Fri day night Of bath houses of the Russian parliament Vozijesensk asserted that monopolistic capi talism can produce a new aggres sor and declared that the soviet union would maintain and strenethcn its military forces dur ing the 5ycar period from 1316 to 1S50 The houses by a rising vote agreed to drop the title com missar and substitute that of minister for its highest govern ment leaders and to change the name of the council of peoples commissaiF to council minis ters Generalissimo Stalin thus be comes chairman of the council of ministers instead of chairman of the council of commissars In this capacity he continues as premier and head of the government A London dispatch quoted the Moscow radio as saying hat Stalin resigned as chairman of the council of commissars and im mediately was elected unanimous ly by both houses voting separate ly as chairman of the council of In his outline of the new 5year plan Voznesensky said prize would be awarded to scientists to stimulate research on such sub jects as the development of atomic power In addition the soviet will ex pand its technical schools to ac commodate 1200000 students and will increase its expenditures for education and culture to the equivalent of about 000 or about 2V times Jhe pre war tolahe continued A blend of the first shoots of chives young onion parsley basil and summer savory is especially good in spring omelets or scram bled eggs BYRNES AND MARSHALL LEAVE WHITE Somejangclannsllre attention of Gem Geou C AlarshalJ HPm State Jam Byrnes as they leave the White House Friday arm in arm after a confer ence with President Truman General Marshall the presi ammi in 1st Airline Flight Stop in Mason City Postponed IThagng Clouds throughout the middiewest forced Cnntfnlnf ot scheduled first flight by Mid Continent airlines from the Mason City municipal airport With a refund cloudy with occasional showers officials refused to hazard a guess concerning a first flight then Chwsterung of a new airliner as City of Mason City was post poned until June 13 in connection with dedication of the municipal airport after a conference tween airlines officials Mayor Howard E Bruce and Chamber of it came from Minneapolis by Commerce representatives vail according to postal and ex Tune 19 has been tentatively vi set as the date for festivities at the airport in connection with the Band FestivalHomecomingCen tennial celebration in Mason City Mason Cityans were in many instances surprised to receive first flight7 covers and air ex press delivered Saturday In every m lu puitai ana exan early and great test for the press officials having been flown UNO would come from Russian past Des Moines in the case of the pressure against Turkey over the northbound flight because it ws Dardanelles atthC time hat the Washington sources said Fri stoo here had been cancelled day night that Iran already had In the case of airmail it is the inarmed the United States that practice to deliver it by rail whenil ask the UNO to reopen ever that will expedite its IranRussian situation at the livery security council meeting which opens here March 15 Churchill made the firstpub lic disclosure that America and Great Brilain had offered Russia at the Potsdam conference a joint guarantee of the complete freedom of the Dardanelles i straits in peace and war wheth er for merchant ships or shios off war j To this guarantee Turkey I would gladly have subscribed I he continued but we were told that that was not enough Rusj sia must have a fortress inside the straits from which she could 1 dominate Constantinople i But this is not to keep the TRIAL BALLOONThis trial balloon sent up to check the ceiling height for airplanes over the Mason City muni cipal airport Friday brought only bad news The ceiling th6 requiml for Passenger land r left to right Miss Margaret Ol and Miss Edna Cook employes at the CAA communi cations and weather station here and Miss Gladys Stens Masoncity Activities The last 2 were to leave on the first northbound passenger flijrht out Citics by auto scent of the bailoon it goes WIXSTON CHURCHILL Astoria a dis straits open but to give power of against him both at city hall ond closing them to a single nation outside the Waldorf This is out of harmony iviih the principle urged by the United Stales representatives of the freedom of the great waterways of Europe the Danube the Khinn and other rivers which run through so many different coun where he spoke before a Ujs tinguishcd audience of 2000 per sons including many foreign dip lomats Andrei A Gromyko Russian ambassador who arrived from Montreal a few hours before the dinner did not attend At any rate there was the Ihe had been invited offer and I have no doubt it is still open and if soviet Russia still persists in putting pressure on Turkey the matter must in the first instance be pronounced upon the united nations security council i Thus early will come a very great test for the world organiza tion on which so many indeed I might say all our hopes are founded Churchills speech climaxed a public reception that included a 10 mile trip through the city in an open car during a drizzling rain and an official welcome by Mayor William ODwyer at city hall where he received the citys gold medal and distinguished service certificate He was given an ovation dur ing most of his journey but there were occasional boos and there were organized demonstrations REVEALS MORE CHINESE BEING SENT TO AREA Troops Have Elements of American Trained Divisions of Burma Washington Georgo C Marshall Saturday described the Manchurian situation as ex tremely critical and said addi tional Chinese troops are being sent into the area These troops include Clements of 39 Americantrained divisions that fought in Burma he said and they arc now embarking for Man churia At the same time Maishall told neivs conference that unity loams composed of American of ficers and representatives of Chinese government and com munist factions have been able to dissolve nearly every diffi culty in areas where misunder standings have arisen over the Chinese unification agreement Marshall said American forces m China are being rapidly and sharply reduced Marshall did not talk about Russia but he told reporters that success of Chinas unification ef fort will depend in a large meas ure on action of other nations H China is ignored or if there is scheming to thwart the devel opment of unity and present as pirations he said why of course thenefforts inevitably will fail He added The situation of course has been most complicated throughout my f tx Cluira first by the disturbed conditions in this coun try in the army in the Pacific and then Inter by tlic critical state of affairs in Manchuria Meeting newsmen after confer ences with President Truman and Secretary of State Byrnes Friday Marshall made an outright plea for strong American support for Chi material and pre sumably financial ing the period of its efforts to es tablish unity between nationalist ami communist forces In Chungking Saturday the Kuominlnng national party con gress demanded quick restoration of Chinese sovereignty over Man churia and prompt withdrawal of soviet forces from that territory The demands were contained in a foreign affairs report which the congress adopted The report fur ther stipulated that China opposes all secret diplomatic negotiations agreements that she is not bound by any international agree ments concluded without her par ticipation and that inasmuch as she suffered the most in the war she should receive the largest hare of Japanese reparations Marshall declared that stability in China is essential to world peace ami ic said that the United States is hcst able to help China gain sta bility Marshal discussed the Man churian situation only skelchily In his news conference which was held at the state department rath er than the war department since he now holds the position of am bassador to China and intends to return there soon he said that the Chinese nationalist forces of 250 divisions include 39 American trained divisions These tough well organized un its he said fought in Burma and are now embarking for Man churia Marshall described himself as certain of the sympathetic inter est of the American people in Chi na but not so certain of their un derstanding or the understanding of their political leaders of the vi tal importance of conditions in Iowa Governor Blue Urges Taxpayer Strike Los Angeles a possible step to restrain the abuse of pow er in Washington Iowas gover nor Robert D Blue Friday sug gested a strike ff taxpayers Representative government has been declining since World war I the republican governor told a luncheon meeting of the Los An geles republican assembly We are facing a food crisis to day and shortages in housing and clothing Great factories are lying idle because some petty bureau crats are trying to determine if there should be a price rise of half a cent or a cent and a half Blue declared i China to he maintenance of peace in the Pacific and Asia Although he has just come from China and from Japan where he saw Gen Douglas MacArthur Marshall said he did not know ex actly what is happening in Man churia since there have been no American observers there He made that comment when en wen asked whether the Russians who recently pulled out of the city of Mukden are evacuating all of the strategic North China area Mar shall said that he had established an American consul in Dairen and that another United States representative is moving immedi ately into Mukden Marshall said that the responsi bility for restoring Manchuria to the sovereignty of the Chinese government of Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek rests on Chinese government forces rather than communist units which have been i operating in the Manchurian area ;