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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa t r NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF ANO THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FKIDAY MARCH 16 1945 This Paper Consists ol Two NO US INSIDE WASHINGTON Punish Germans Justly Not Cruelly Is Plea By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist Washington Many American fighting men Jo not wish to take complete retribution on their Ger man adversaries I know theyve been beastly writes one young f Iyer and Im not being noble I tell you this But Ive seen Americans limbless and eyeless And I dont want to think that we willdo to them whatthey have done to us You see Im more afraid of what torturing Germans will do to us than what it will do to them Sure make the Germans pay and pay heavily at the peace table and grind them down for years to come But dont forget that the average German the manouthe street type had to go out and kill because be was told it was the only way to survive He didnt know what it was all about He still doesnt know Its up to us to be grim and watchful in our negotiations once the war is over bill we dont have to be barbarians Besides weve won havent we Here is an amusing story that is being told on herself by Mrs Fred Vinson wife of the new RFC boss Mrs Vinson is and witty She also has a passion for hats Collects them she says as other people collect china or something of the sort Vinson economic stabilizer though he was ill his former of fice Is a husband in the home In his domestic role he makes re marks about his wifes hats Such is the custom of husbands How ever Mrs Vlnson as is the cus torn of wives has borne up brave ly against the Youdonlcall thatahat doyou type of com ment She has continued to put pieces of fur and silk and veiling and flowers and things on her head at whatever angle seemed the best at the re cently Then came the really sharp blow to her pride The blow was areal blow too Mrs Vinson had just tried on a frisky new chapeau Had seated herself on a chair before her hus band Had said How do you like thisdear when Pucky the tson JottfifsSmo ment had taken no part in the conversation reached upwith a great paw and knocked Mrs Vin sons hat plumb oil her head and on the floor There may be some people who t say dogs have more sense than human beings But I definitely do not agree Mrs Vinson cant quite make up her mind GUT HIGHWAY IN TWO PLAGES Russians Open Violent Attack in Stettin Area MOP UP NAZIS Crosby and Ingrid Bergman lUf KLfAKtrUK Going My Way Top Movie BERLIN ATTACK Flood Waters Inundate Russians Announce BreakThrough to Baltic inFmchesHaff MUCH Ol lOWE London Russians have opened a violent new attack against the last German positions east of the Oder in the Stettin area with a drumfire barrage fol lowed by masses of tanks and in fantry the Germans reported Fri day In East Prussia the Russians announced a 7 mile breakthrough to the shore of the Frisches Haff a Baltic lagoon which divided the remnants of the 200000 defenders of the Koenigsberg zone info 2 packets The Stettin and East Prussian offensives apparently were a part of a widescale mopping up be hind advanced soviet lines pre paratory lo the climatic battle which the Russians may launch along the Berlin front at any time Stettin is the key to Berlins north flank For days the Rus sians have been reported on heights overlooking the city Ber lins chief Baltic port and pour ing artillery lire into the streets The chief German bridgehead centered around Altdamm the Steliin suburb on the eastern side of the Oder which the Russians were reported to have penetrated at one time Another German bridgehead may be along the Dievenow an outlet between the mainland and Wollin Island which connects Stettin Bay with the sea The Rus sians cleared the east side of the JDes Moines of the Des Moines and Cedar rivers were the places of greatest damage Fri day as flood waterscontinued to inundate widely scattered sec tions of Iowa and the weather bu reau forecast more rain for the state Friday nighti The Cedar river was out of its banks at many places iu the Wat erlooCharles City area and many families had to leave their low land homes At Waterloo reached a stage of 19 feet above normal Dikes in Rivecvlew addition broke and water poured over a large area and Waterloo firemen and volunteers evacuated several scores of persons from the Sherwood park and Riverview areas The squads expected to be busy all day other families Friday rescuing from the path of rising water The river was rising at the rate of an inch an hour and the crest still was reported to be north of that city At Charles City the Cedar con tinued to rise Friday and many families were forced to flee from By VIRGINIA MacPHERSON Hollywood UR Ingrid Berg man all choked up Bing Crosby all grins and Going My Way all powerful Friday walked off with almost every major Oscar atthe movie makers 17th annual award presentation Going My Way1 Faramouuts picture about Z Catholic priests dragged down 7 ing A of the 6 top honors sohfeaoth Century Fox Studios story of the World War I presi dent followed with techni cal citations Iss Bergman who just missed ig an Oscar for her role in For Whom The Bell Tolls last yeartook top honors for her work in Gaslight opposite Charles Boyer Crosbys award was for his role in Going My Way Approximately 2000 persons in cluding movie celebrities and every fan jvho could afford a ticket jammedGTaumans Chinese theater to witness the presenta tions Leo UlcCarey who produced di rected 2nd wrote Going My Way was high point man for the evening Twice he dashed down the aisle to grab one of the plas tic sold sprayed for the best direction and another for the best original story Barry Fitzgerald bespectacled priest of Going My Way who also was nominated for the best TWOWAY TRAFFIC ON REMAGEN German soldiers march in col umn hands aloft Uack overthe Remagen bridge March 9 as men of the U S 1st army move across the span to the east bank to widen the bridgehead AP wirephoto from sig nal Yanks Smash Buildings in Nazi Headquarter Raid London iP American heavy bombers smashed several head quarters buildings and rows of barracks in Thursdays 650plane at tack on Adolf Hitlers army staff headquarters at Zossen 23 miles south of Berlin it was officially Friday A U S strategic air force com munique said the airmen who had been waiting for weeks to carry Pleasant news about Mrs Cal vin Coolidge this morning She is in her fine big home after having let the Navy use it for 2 years Mrs Coolidge was a darling when she lived in Washington Every body adored her spontaneous smile and liked to watch the hap piness she was getting out ot her role first as wife of the vice presi dent and then as first lady After Mr Cooiidge died Mrs Coolidge went completely into re tirement She built a new home in Northampton Mass bet she continued to live in the little semidetached house where she and her husband had lived before they became famous Todays Grace Coolidge news reports that instead of completely settling down to housekeeping again the widow of the former president from Massachusetts busy directing a campaign to get a new organ for the church which she and Mr Coolidge attended Mrs Coolidge according to re cent reports also is cochairman of a citizens committee organized to Kivc a cheerful sendoff lo Northamptons draftees The house to which Mrs Coolidge has moved was designed by the former first lady herself 5 years after her husbands death It contains 12 rooms 6 baths is colonial brick and cost about 525000 When the WAVES established a training school at Smith college in the midst of a housing short age Mrs Coolidge rented her Big House to Capt Herbert Under wood who headed the WAVES school She moved across the street with her old friend Mrs Florence B Adams Dievenow several days agobut the Germans declared they re gained a bridgehead The Germans said most of the 380000 inhabitants of Stettin had been removed Moscow broadcasts reported that the city had been turned into a fortress with all manner of fortifications and bar ricades erected in its streets arid environs and its garrison strengthened by marines SS men Volks grenadiers and training school cadets Another German holdout garri son in Kolberg Pomeranian port on the Baltic 63 miles northeast of Stettin appeared to be fight ing its last Moscow dispatches said fall of the town of 33000 was imminent and a German broadcast said the garrison had been driven into the northern fringe and harbor area of the town and that the streets were flooded with Russian troops their homes tilled nearly to firsi fftbr Hijrhway 18 was a detour routed through the city One bridge over the river also was barricaded The weather bureau forecast that the Des Moines river would reach stages between 2 and 3 feet above flood level from Des Moines to below the weekend Ottumwa over is On the Berlin front a German Mason Citv et broadcast said the Russians had Moines 48 encircled Klessen 31 miles east of Berlin and on the west side of the Oder but that the encircle ment had been broken Klesseu s midway between t h e fallen Oder river fortress of Kucstrin and besieged Frankfurt The Germans reported soviet Bridgeheads west of the Oder lave been expanded until they iold about 100000 Russiaos but Moscow has never officially con firmed the crossing of the river the soviet Baltic was V2 Bombs Fall on London Injure Many London were permitted Friday night to re port that German V2 bombs have fallen on London and that people here have been injured Censorship maintained a ban on the disclosure of details any men on of the locality of specific in ents or the date when the rock started banging into the met olitan area Previously correspondents have en able to say only that V ombs fell in southern England i communique issued before re laxation the ban on naming London said that a number of the bombs hit southern England Thursday night causing and casualties damage The river was rising along that section and the bureau forecast a stage of between 16 and 165 feet at Tracy Friday night 175 to 18 feet at Eddyville early Saturday and 11 feet at Ottumwa Sunday Flood level is 14 feet at Tracy 15 at Eddyville and 9 at Ottumwa If expected showers over the Des Moines watershed should re sult in heavy rains the down stream crests will be higher and somewhat later the bureau said Meanwhile the Floyd Big Sioux and West Fork rivers in the Sioux City area were falling rapidly and danger of further flooding passed The weather bureau reported heavy rain throughout the state Thursday chiefly the last of the rains that began Wednesday Charles City had 98 of an inch Iowa Falls 83 Marshalltown 73 51 Ames and Des Albia 40 Dubuque 36 Montezuma 35 Cedar Rap ids 28 and Lamoni 25 The highest temperature was 68 at Burlington and the low during the nisht was 37 at Spen cer and Fort Dodce The highway commission said tog cut visibility lo between one fourth and onehalf near West Liberty and Storm Lake Friday morning actor award pickedup lor the tbestsupoprtxii g role EthelBahymore firsvhoy of this American stage toppedthe list as the best supporting actressshe wasnt there so Charles Koerner EUCO chief accepted the award for her Bob Hope kept the presentations hopping along at a merry clip and even got an award for life membership on the board of the academy of motion picture arts and sciences Every year they slip me a con solation prize he said sadly I wondered what excuse theyd think up this time Hope was the chief heckler when Crosby bounded up on the stage to receive his statue I hardly know what to say Crosby stammered Do it just like you rehearsed it Bub sneered Hope Miss Bergman dressed in black silk with silver sequins dripping across Jier bosom said she was happy to one special rea son Tomorrow I go to ivork in a picture with Bine and Mr Mc Carejr she said And Im afraid ifI didnt have an Oscar too they wouldnt speak to me Just before the presentation of the major awards Hope announced a 15 minute the ushers could sweep all the finger nails out of the aisles Tiny Margaret OBrien 8year olcl actress won a miniature Os car as the outstanding child star In East Prussia breakthrough to the made at HcideWaldburg 5 miles southwest of Koenigsberg where the Russians gained a 4 mile hole on the coast The thrust separated the East Prussian capital from a string of 3 Bailie fortress owns Branden burg Heiligenbeil and Brauns berg all in a narrow coastal strip 30 miles long and 10 miles or less deep The liquidation of the Germans in Braunsberg that outlying for tress 35 miles southwest of Koe nigsberg seemed close at hand At the same time soviet at tacks mounted in the south western suburbs of Koenigsberg itself and massed field guns and rockets rained death on enemy groupings as Russian tank and infantry assault teams penetrated deeper into nari positions Further to the west on the sec ond AVhite Russian army front along Danzig bay red army troops slashed anew into the perimeter defenses of Danzig and Gdynia Opposition from the diehard de fenders was bitter and each yard of ground had to be won the hard way Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional showers Friday afternoon and Friday night followed by partly cloudy Saturday Colder Saturday aft ernoon with all temperatures above freezing Iowa Occasional showers begin ning over west portion by aft ernoon spreading over entire state Friday followed by de creasing cloudiness Saturday No decided change in tempera ture until colder Saturday aft ernoon Fresh to strong winds Minnesota Cloudy Friday night and Saturday Rain north por tion and showers south portion Friday night ending over west half of state late Friday night and east half early Saturday No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday SI Minimum Thursday 39 At 8 a m Friday 39 YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 26 Precipitation 01 thing to say so she kissed Hope in stead j Norma Shearer widow of Pro ducer Irving G Thalberg look ins sleek in a clinging orange gown with a plunging neckline presented the Irving G Thalbere Memorial award to Darryl F Zan uck vicepresident of 20th Cen turyFox The honor goes each year to the producer who contri buted most to the motion picture industry Lamar Trotti took top honors for the best original screen play with Wilson and Frank Butler and Frank Cavett for the best written screenplay with Going My Way out the assignment did a bulls eye job The official bulletin reported hits on many barracks and major office bnildinss including the ad ministration building high explosive and incendiary bombs Great fires were spread in a wide area The surprise attack on the army chiefs workshop where Hitler was reported in conference a few days ago was carried out by pilots navigators and bombar diers especially picked for the job In a cloudless sky tfiey paraded over the target in 9 waves and dropped 6000 blast bombs weigh ing 1500 tons in addition to 325 000 small incendiary missiles The Liberator win of the at tack went in first and by the time the Flying Fortresses arrived fires were burning fiercely Aerial photographs taken dur ing the attack showed Liberator bombs had blocked several roads on the headquarters grounds and crashed into a nearby tank train ing depot The Fortresses placed 6 heavy concentrations ol bombs in the target area smashing a number of the main buildings and a large storage depot Then the ground haze and smoke closed in over the scene and prevented a more detailed assessment of the damage Part of the headquarters estab lishment is known to be deep underground however and pre sumably safe from anything ex cept the RAFs new 11ton bomb Tlie pilots said they encoun tered only sporadic antiaircraft fire Meanwhile bombblasted Bcr in undenvent its 24th consecutive XAF night raid Thursday night RAF nifrtit raiders also struck at in the industrial Ruhr and at oil refineries in fllisbourg ner Hannover U S 8th air force officers re FDR APPROVES RATION GUTS U S Must Feed Less Fortunate Countries Washington resident Hoosevelt Friday vigorously de fended the administrations pol icy of having this country help feed other less fortunate nations He told a news conference he was aware of some opposition to consumption Manila American certain items so that people i in tmlisinc nn nnt starve MacNiders Group Stops Jap Landing NAZIS BUILDING UP FOR MAJOR COUNTERBLOW 3rd 7th Armies Drive Germans From Saar Developing Great Trap Paris first army cut the RuhrFrankfurt superhigh way east to the Rhine in 2 places Friday and extended the bridge head to at least 13 miles in length The Americans beat off a Ger man tank attack in heavy fighting 4 miles northeast of Linz in the area where the bridgehead is miles wide They fought into Koenigswinter in Z mile gains within 3 miles of open tank coun try leading to the Meat Ruhr ba sin The Germans are building up for a major attack A P Corres pondent Don Whitehead reported from the bridgehead To the south the famous 4th armored division broke loose again in a swift unchecked 12 mile dash southeast of Coblenz Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army on the north and the 7th armys new offensive on the south were squeezing the Ger mans from the rich Saarland and Palatinate and developing every prospect of another great like that which yieldel more than 40000 prisoners in the Eifels The 7th army rolled up aggre gate gains 6 miles on the south side of the Saar fought to the edge of its capital of Saarbrucken outllanked the burned French fortress of Bitche and imminently threatened the Wissembourg gap firmly secured a 28mile long beachhead around Zamboanga on the southwestern tip of Mindanao Friday and were pursuing the Japanese more than 5 miles in land Troops of the 158th regiment under Brig Gen Hanford Mac Nider of Mason City Iowa work ing with the llth airborne divi sion in clearing Batangas bay in southern Luzon nipped a Japa ncse attempt to land at Bolo on the north shore miles north west of Batangas AH the barges were destroyed a communique said and the Japa nese notkilled in the initial at tack were dispersed Although the number of bargqs used by the enemy was not disclosed lieacl in other nations do not starve But it is a matter of national decency that this nation help feed those who do not have enough to eat he said Mr Roosevelt said he could npt bring himself to think that this country had suffered greatly or was going to when the American standard of living Is compared with that oE other countries He added that he thought his feelings reflected not only the at titude of the administration but that of a large majority of the American population The president got into a dis cussion of this nations foreign export policy in referring to the Iecent creation of a government committee which will examine and control the export of items niotityjtiu quarters estimated that they thf than actual military and Stop Conspiracy Against Government of Cuba Havana UP A conspiracy against the Cuban government has been put down and 80 persons have been arrested the presiden tial palace announced Friday Col Jose Eleuterio Pedraza who was chief of the national po lice during President Fulgertcio Batistas government was among those arrested the palace an nouncement said There were no immediate de tails on the uprising but a brief statement from President Ramon Grau San Martins office said the revolt had been broken Batista who was replaced by Grau as president last December was reported enroute to San Francisco Friday after completing a tour of LatinAmerica ported great success in the Zos sen attack which was the first time American bombers had blasted the nazi high command nerve center More than 1350 bombers guarded by 750 fighters roared straight for Berlin and then split in half to loop around the capital for the Zossen raid and attacks on ried a total Of about 100 men Sixteen more villages were seized by the 41st division as they fanned out east west and north from Zamboangas administrative city The drive pushed the beach head 14 miles westward to the San Ramon river and a similar dis tance eastward to the Manicahan river opposite Sacol island The thrust into the hills north of Zamboanga which swept Pasananca 5 miles above the city was meeting increasingly stiff resistance Front reports said the Japanese in that area had be jun using artillery together with machine guns and mortars in an attempt tohalt the American ad vances In continuing the neutralization raids on Formosa some 200 miles off northwestern Luzon Liber ator bombers delivered another tons of explosives on the is land fortress Tuesday and hit the vital Jitsugetsu hydro electric plant for the 2nd straight day Returning pilots reported col umns of smoke 5000 a rising from the blaz ing electric plant the center of Japans power supply on Formosa Other Liberators struck north of VIC6 Formosa to rake the bigr Japanese I lendlease shipments This the president said had led to criticism in some quarters and the assertion tliat this country would be starved to feed other nations He rejected this idea flatly Suppose he said that we take as an example a specific commodity which everybody uses then sup pose we find that by cutting do mestic consumption of this item 10 per cent we would still live but that the diverted 10 per cent into the Palatinate Tens of towns fell a thousand crack German troops surrendered belore the new offensive wu a dozen hours old The4th armored divisioncom manded by Pattons former chief oC staff Maj Gen Hugh J Gaf fey of Austin Texas dashed across the Hunsrueck plateau below Cob lenz and covered a 3rd of the dis tance to the great bend of the Rhine between Bin gen and Frankfurt threatening some of ermanys largest industrial cen ters Pilots spotted Germans already fleeing tlie Saarland and Pala tinate toward Frankfurt and Mainz both in the path of Gaf feys tanks The breakthrough threatened immediately to cut the whole net work of supply and retreat routes behind nazis reeling back from the 7th armys offensive powered by at least 7 divisions or about 100 000 men Fighter bombers worked over uonvoys seen running for Frank furt Seventh army troops were but 8 miles from Zweibruecken 16 from Pirmasens 5 from St Ing bert and at the edge of Voel klingen To the north other planes kept up the methodical sealoff of the whole communications arc from Limburg to Dortmund Thunder bolts paced the 4th armored divi sions dash along the Rhine blast ing towns in its path The Saarland and Palatinate would permit other people to livctfth being pried loose from who otherwise might starve Holland tor example is a very bad case and needs help Mr Roosevelt said He belabored critics vho oppose reducing our consumption even though some other people might starve Such an attitude he said is not decent and actually the American people arc a decent people He said it was an additional matter of fact that we have got to tighten our belts more before the war with Germany and Japan is over He thought the country would back up that idea the Oranienburg railyards to thelbase of Okinawa in the Ryukyus north J for the 2nd successive day sink ing 1 freighter and damaging 3 others Heavy bombers also hit Mako in Star Awarded to Adm Goebbels Says Germany Will Win War by Losses London Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels writing in the weekly magazine Das Reich predicts that Germany will win the war by losses the Berlin radio said Friday He who fights with least re gard for losses has the most chance of winning Goebbels was quoted as saying He conceded however that Germany faces embarrassments which will force her hand the Pescadores off southwest For mosa and carried out widespread attacks through the south China jsea Six Japanese ships including a destroyer were sunk and 3 planes shot down ofO the China coast Buy your War B o n d s and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Thornton Man Back From Philippines San Francisco large group of American and British soldiers liberated from Japanese prison camps in the Philippines arrived here Friday Among them was Sgt George A Timm of Thornton Washington gold star in lieu of a 2nd legion of merit has been awarded Vice Adm Olaf M Hustvcdt formerly of Chicago and Decorah Iowa for action against Japanese in the Truk Saipan Tinian and Guam islands areas last year Hustvedt is now on the general board here A forceful and inspiring lead er his citation said Rear Adm Hustvedt consistently directed the operations of his battleships skil fully and with aggressive deter mination during vital carrier raids against the enemy in these highly strategic areas OFFICIALS MOVE London nazi office has been moied from Berlin and all high officials now are in the these were the last mportant enemy holdings west ot the Rhine The 3rd army was also swing ing down from the middle Moselle behind Merzig and fortifications on the Saar river The Germans repeated asser tions ihat the great military speed way east of the Rhine bridgehead had been severed they expressed as great concern over the new and powerful 7th army offensive to which Lt Gen Alexander M Patch already had committed at least 6 divisions AH through the night the first army infantrymen battered their way through the rugged forests and hills of inner Germany in a fonout east of the Rhine beyond Remagen Their small arms fire rendered the superhighway use less to the foe The Germans estimated that more than 100000 Americans were in the bridgehead including the new U S 15th army and called it the most concentrated force j since the allies broke through in southern Germany where big feedstocks have been stored UD the Moscow radio said Friday in a Germanlanguage broadcast Brittany Inland he men of Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges fought in the village of Hoevel almost astride the wide concrete road which Hit ler built for conquest The center the bridgehead bulged out to the banks ol the narrow Wied river which parallels the Rhine The towns of Rhoensdorf and Sfeinshardt 6 miles cast of Rc maiten fell to the new and spirited first army thrust through difficult terrain Fighting also was in progress in Strodt Reifcrt and Brenin scheid In capturing Steinshardt the Americans made a 2 mile advance ;