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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 16, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES 0 E S 0 I it e HOME EDITION VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PBESS UNITED LEASED WIRES JVIASON CITY IOWA TUESDAYKARCHl6l943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS v ONE 135 REDS WIN 47 CENTER FRONT TOWNS AGREE ON PLAN TO AID FARMING IN MIDDLEWEST Delegates of 12 States Adopt Recommendations at Des Moines Parley By L P YALE DES MOINES Iff Official representatives or 12 cornbelt states Tuesday were agreed on a program intended to offset what former President Herbert Hoover Monday night called symptoms of a dangerously degenerating agri culture Minutes before the former chief executive pleaded for a strong home in he food of eight states and high ranking officials of four others culminated i daylong con ference here by drafting a scries of recommendations that among other things would Recognize agriculture as an essential war industry release at once all present stocks of farm machinery now in the hands of dealers or distributors and provide enough materials for completion of other units not now finished grant selective service deferment for all ex perienced labor essential to farm production and termi nate the present unsatisfactory system of allocation of such farm machinery which sends machinery where it is not adapted Adoption of the recommenda lions brought to a close except for Hoovers speech the farm man powermachinery conference called by Iowas Governor B B Hickenlooper i Each pj the publicofficials of dozen midwest states had ex pressed his views on the food sit uation The recommendations which developed fro in the speeches and from a roundtable conference which followed were approved by the following gover nors Hickenlooper Dwight H Green Illinois Harry F Kelly Michigan F C Donnell Missouri Owight Griswold Nebraska John W Bricker Ohio M Q Sharpe South Dakota all republicans and H F Schrieker Indiana the only democrat among the chief execu tives Representatives of Ihe ernors of Kansas Minnesota North Dakota and Wisconsin also approved the recommendations Farm Degeneration Feared by Hoover DES MOINES President Herbert Hoover said Monday night that America is threatened with the same degen eration in agriculture that starved Russia defeated Germany and caused the near collapse of France in the last World war W Unlike our case in the war 25 years ago we have today at work in America uncanny par allels with the same dcsenera tive forces tliat have been so disastrous in Europe Sir Hoover said Like them we have drawn un due manpower from the farms Our farm machinery is wear ing out faster than the replace ment Our imports of food arc curtailed Our fisheries are seri ously restricted Our protein feed for animals is very short The livestock situation is acute Wo are compelled to divert our nitrate fertilizers to explosives AH these arc characteristic of European failures and now we have another degenerating force peculiar to ourselves We have a price system in force that offcn strangles pro duction and distribution And prices are often below the farm ers cost and just As remedies he recommended 1 That agriculture rank with munitions 2 That more manpower and machinery be allotted to the farms 3 That farm and food problems be more largely decentralized to the stales 4 That the present price control methods be replaced by a simpler and more effective protection to both farmer and housewife 5 That prices to the farmer be increased to cover his costs and tabor 6 That the former large sea sonal immigration of Mexican la bor be organized and restored 7 That furloughs or oe granted for the 1343 planting and harvesting season to farm boys in the army 49 Planes Raid Darwin 14 Shot Down goes to the Hury F Kelly vcilBright Dwigrht GriswoJd Nebraska British Rout Strong Axis Patrols in Gaf sa Section SCHRAMM HEADS SUI JOURNALISM Appointment Confirmed by Board pLEducation IOWA CITY I Schramm director of educational services in the oflice of war in formation has been appointed head of the University of Iowa school ot journalism it was an nounced Tuesday by President Virgil M Handlers office The appointment was con firmed by the Iowa state board of education Tuesday morning in a meeting at Des Moines It will jecome effective with the open ng of the new academic year in September Prof Schramm hns been on he faculty here since receiving lis PhD degree from Iowa in 1332 In January 1342 he was granted a leave of absence to enter government service work ng first in the office of facts and igures under Archibald Mac leish and later in the office of war information under Elmer Davis The new journalism director irst engaged in newspaper work n Marietta Ohio where he was on the staff of the Marietta Rcg ster A former Associated Press correspondent he covered the de struction of the giant dirigible Shenandoah one of the major news stories of the year Prof Schramm also has con tributed critical articles to pro fessional journals and is a widelv recognized fiction writer His short stones have appeared fre quently in leading magazines Before entering government service Prof Schramm was edi tor of American prefaces a posi tion he had held since He founded and served as director of the Writers Workshop at the University of Iowa Prof Schramm 35 is married and has two children a girl 5 and a boy 2 93rd U S Raid Made on Base at Munda WASHINGTON navy reported Tuesday that dauntless dive bombers have blasted Japa nese positions at Vila and Munda central Solomon islands RSi lanes This the 93rd raid of the campaign which began last November 23 enemy airbase ainst Munda the a I 1iij bavtngs Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy New Outburst of Fury in Struggle for Air Supremacy Is Reported ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH The Brit ish first army in northern Tunisia has occupied a strategic wooded ridge and other allied forces with artillery support have routed strong enemy patrols of armored vehicles in the Gatsa area 200 miles to the south An allied headquarters com munique which announced these successes on the ground also told of an outburst of new fury in the struggle for air suprem acy in Tunisia The artillery action in the area of Gafsa was accompanied by two heavy raids on Mezzouna air drome 62 miles northeast of Gafsa in which the entire airfield and a number of parked planes were blanketed with bursting bombs Heavy bombers continued to blast at he axis supply lines across the Sicilian straits and in an attack on a convoy scored a direct hit on one ship The western desert air force with activity confined to patrol ling along the Mareth line posi tions facing the British eighth army also conducted among axis transport Toujane Toujane is a strong point on the Mareth line British infantry which previ ously had failed to clear out the German elite troops from the for ested high ground four miles southeast of Tamera in the Sedjen ane area sxvept forward again Monday and found he enemy had withdrawn to new positions pro tecting the road to Sedjcnane Sccl jenanc is about 40 miles west of Bizerte and only about 12 miles south of the coast French forces with American Buns turned back the patrols of enemy armor which were ad vancing between Gafsa anil Metlaoui 20 miles to the west ivherc the French were consol idating recently won positions in that mining region The Mezzouna airdrome 50 miles routhwcst of Sfax was hit in two raids of less than five minutes Twinmotored marauders with lighting and spitfire escort first mgled fragmentation bombs from one end of the field to the other and among 12 single and twinengined aircraft sweeps north of WILL BECOME MOTHER HOLLYWOOD Actress Teresa Wrights studio disclosed hat she is to become a mother late next summer and lias retired from he screen temporarily WINDS CAUSE IOWA DAMAGE Loss at Independence Reported DES MOINES temperatures Monday were fol lowed by bard rains over much of the state and considerable prop erty damage from high winds This was followed by a new cold Lr At least six persons were injured slightly at Independence when a wind of tornado proportions wrecked nearly a block of build ings in the business section Mon day night with a property loss estimated at nearly 5200000 Buildings party or totally de stroyed included the St Johns Catholic church from which two steeples were blown off one fall ing through the roof the Burkhart garage a service station an apart ment building and two trailer houses The injured persons were in the house trailers which were over turned Earlier heavy damage was re ported just outside of Grimes The roof of the barn at the Will Bohr fen farm was blown away and sev eral buildings damaged At the Gene Walker farm across the road the house was moved off the foun dation The Walker garage was carried away leaving a car un damaged Lesser damage was reported at other farms in the neighborhood The wind storm took the roof from the Harry Copeland farm home west of Waukee and de stoyed or damaged other farm buildings Copeland is a former representative from Dallas county Uphold Law Requiring Owners Give Notice of Intent to End Lease DES MOINES Iowa supreme court in a split 6 to decision Tuesday upheld the con stitutionality of he Iowa law re quiring owners of farm lands to give notice of intention to term inate lease The law requires the owner to notify the tenant on or before Nov 1 if he does not intend to renew the tenants lease the following March 1 2 lowans First Listed as Missing in Africa Return to Duty JEFFERSON Iff Staff Sgt Ernie Phillips and Rex Hawn who were listed among 26 Green county men missing in North Africa returned lo duty accord ing lo word received here Monday night from the war department Phillips and Hawn were reported missing March 7 There were further details no Senate Votes Funds for 5 State Schools DES MOINES Iowa senate Tuesday passed a bill ap Dropriafing a year for support of the slates five educa tional institutions for the bien nium beginning July 1 The measure now house It represents an increase of approximately S825500 over the amount appropriated for the current blennium The University of Iowas appro priation is S2580000 a year Oilier amounts are S2G42500 for Iowa State college at Ames 000 for Iowa State Teachers college at Cedar Falls S253100 for the state school for the deaf at Council Bluffs and for the school for tlte blind at Vinton The bill also carries an appro priation of a year for the University hospital at Iowa City 5116000 for the psychopathic hospital and 582700 for the hy gienic laboratory Senator K A Evans R Emer chairman of the committee which prepared the bill said that enrollment at the three principal institutions is down 8 per cent But you cant discharge a pro fessor because the enrollment in one of his classes has dropped from 40 to 37 Evans said Evans explained that about 20 per cent of the funds required io support these institutions Is derived from tuition and the re mainder from the state appro priation The senate voted down aa amendment by SenatoiA 3 Shaw R Pocahontas which would have prevented the State Teachers college from holding special summer school sessions at designated points away from Cedar Falls Shaw argued that this practice is unfair to the small de nominational schools which have gone to the trouble and expense of building up teachertraining departments PRICE PANELS TO BE SET UP Each Rationing Board to Have Assisting Group MILWAUKEE M Brown OPA administrator told a consumers conference here Tues day that plans were being made for appointment to each rationing board of an uncompensated price panel to disseminate information to storekeepers and consumers and help administer new rgulations of the price control program Emphasizing the urgent need for compliance with OPA regulations Brown asserted in an address that we cannot afford the luxury of a prohibition psychology in this pe riod of war and crisis OPA is nol a noble experiment it is a dire necessity The violation of an OPA price regulation is not something that effects only the individuals in volved It carries with it a whole tram of circumstances which lead directly o inflation Brown said he was convinced that one of he basic reasons for the black market in meal was that OPA hitherto had not been in position to obtain full public support for its suppression He said he felt confident the illegal market would be wiped out through rationing that will take effect this month and through the establishment of dollars and cents ceilings on meat prices at retail levels Discussing the proposed price anels Brown said they would be n position to answer inquiries ran storekeepers and consumers o arrange meeting panel discus sions and other activities of an ed ucational nature and in genera lo serve as the center of information on retail price control in the com munity 5 Buildings in HawkeyeDestroyed SEE MENACE AS NIPPON SHIFTS STRIKING FORCE Allied Planes Attack Apparent Change in Japanese Strategy By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japans south seas invasion armies appeared shifting ominous ly to the ring of islands immedi ately above Australia Tuesday and the new menace was empha sized as the enemy struck al the north coast of Australia itself with a 49planc assault on Port Darwin Allied warplanes combatting the apparent change in Japanese centered on the Solomon islands and eastern New officially re ported to have scored direct bomb hits on two enemy trooplncicn transports in a convoy enroute to Dobo m the Aroo islands 500 miles north of Australia Near hits were observed against a third shin in the convoy For more lliau a week Gen MacArthurs head quarters has noted increased al lied aerial attaeks against Japa nese shippiitsr in the Dutch East Indies and other islands norlh and northwest of Australia Again Tuesday a communique reported that united nations heavy bombers attacked two Japanese ships at Bitzjaroe bay in north west Dutch New Guinea and dam aged an enemy coastal schooner in the Banda sea farther west Dispatches from allied hoacl Cftiarfers said Ihc Jauanese were massing troops and ships a perimeter of island bases north west of Australia thereby prompt mg speculation that the enemy was preparing cither for an invasion of the clown under commonwealth or for defense against new allied counter blows A communique said allied fighters raked the Japanese troop transports bound for Dobo with cannon and machinenun fire inflicting heavy casualties on enemy soldiers jammed on the decks In Jhc Japanese raid on Dar ivin Hie heaviest in months two enemy bombers and 12 fighters xvere shot down and five other were reported so seriously damaged that they probably failed to reach their base Four allied planes were lost a communique said but two pilots were saved and the raid caused only slight damage and casual ties Other Japanese raiders carried out a 15plane attack on Ore bay just below alliedoccupied Buna on the Papuan peninsula in New Guinea HAVEM FORCES BEAT OFF JAP ATTACK On the Burma from Biilili headquarters reported that Field Marshal Sir Archibald P Wavclls legions driving back into Burma from India beat off a series ot fierce Japanese attack in the Ralhedaung area 25 miles from the big enemy base at Akynb on Die Bay of Bengal 9 continued north of Kathedaunir a communique said bul up to yesterday eve ning March 15 no furlhcr change in positions had taken place The heaviest fighting centered between Thaungdara five miles above Rathedaung and Kyauk taw three miles farlher north The British Monday acknowl edged that they had been forced o readjust their lines as Ihc re sult of an attack by reinforced Japanese troops HAWKEYE ff Five two story brick buildings were razed by fire here early Tuesday with loss estimated at S50000 The fire of undetermined origin started in the basement of the Clover farm store operated by Marvin Burkhart and fanned by high wind spread quickly to four other structures Fire departments were called from Maynard and West Union to help local firemen and flames were brought under control about a m but not before Ihe entire town had been endangered when the towns water tank had been emptied The Pat Kangley Tavern Citi zens Savings bank Engelke Barber shop and the H F Fritz furniture store also were destroyed Explosion of a 500 gallon fuel oil tank in the basement of the Burkhart store building spread the flames to Close on April 8 DES MOINES resolution calling for sine die adjournment of the 50th Iowa general assembly at 5 p m April 8 was offered in he senate Tuesday with 38 sign ers The house would have lo con cur in any more for early adjourn ment of the assembly PROMISES THEYLL GAIX SUPERIORITY On the China front BrigCcn Claivc L Chcnnaiilt commander of the new Mth U S army air force promised his Chinese al lies they vould receive equip ment needed to gain superiority over the Japanese and simul taneously the Chinese press set up a cry for more U S transport planes for Chinas aerial Burma road You need equipment and you are going to get it General Chennaulut told Chinese military leaders Buy War Savings Bonds and sUmm from yopr GlobeGazette carrier boy HELPS OFFSET NAZI VICTORY OVER KHARKOV Germans in Smolensk Imperiled by Advance of 4 Russian Columns By KOGER GREENE Associated Jrcss Uar Editor Spectacular new gains on the central front where the red armies captured at least 47 and villages in their drive toward Smolensk threatened to offset somewhat the German victory at Kharkov in he Ukraine Tuesday although the situation in the south remained extremely critical Smolensk 230 miles west of Moscow is the central pivot oC lie whole 1200mile front from Leningrad to Rostov if Will the vital Smolensk bast ion imperilled by lie approach of four Russian nearest reported only 50 to CO miles appeared likely that the German Iiijth command would soon have to shift some of its reserves from flic Kharkov battle zone to the north Frontline dispatches said he flat snowcovered plains wcit of Ihe upper Dnieper river which the Russians had now reached afforded the red armies an op portunity for encircling move ments against series of German strongpomts in the Smolensk area Soviet columns pushing ahead from KholmZhirkovsky west ot the upper Dnieper were reported to have driven six miles in pur suit of theremnants of two Ger man divisions falling back toward Smolensk Other Russian forces striking westward along the oldNapolc pmc road from Vyazma to Smo lensk were said jo have advanced several dozen haps 20 miles or more V In he Ukraine soviet hcud dliartcrs acknowledged the fall of Kharkov hours after the nails claimed its recapture hut declared ihat soviet troops made an orderly rclrcat lo a new defense line cast of the city and beat off furious at tacks by tankled German in fantry On March 15 our troops after several days fighting evacuated the town nl Kharkov under orders of the soviet command a Russian communique said Tuesdays soviet midday com municiue said violent battles con tinned to rage in the area of the Bnll termed the minimum csscn middle course of Ihe northern Do World Police Force After War Is Urged WASHINGTON pro posal for a postwar international police the subject of congressional formally introduced Tuesdiy by Senator Ball R Minn as the only practical means of control ling the plague of war Speaking for himself and three other sponsors Bali told the sen ate that attempts lo maintain Peace through balance of power diplomacy imperialism pacts and treaties all have failed It is our conviction he de clared and we believe it is slaicd by the overwhelming majority of the American people and the mem bers of this senate that an organ ization of peaceloving nations of the world with authority and power to stop any future attempts at mililary aggression offers the best hope for maintaining the peace and stability of Ihc world after this war Earlier Senator Tail ft Ohio told reporters the step would cipitale bitterness we might better avoid at this time by confining ourselves to expressions of broad principles while Senator Wheeler D Mont announced he would oppose it with all the fight I have in me Ball argued that a collective security system backed by force would be Ihc least costly incthod in both lives antl wealth for individual nations to assume se curity and peace for them selves Other sponsors or Ihe resolution arc Senators Hatch Hill and Burton but Ball told the senate they were merely the spokesmen for a con siderably larger group of senators who are interested in having the senate act on this allimportant subject BnJl said the league of nations failed largely because at the critical moment it could not act decisively failed at least paiilv bc cnuse the United States one of the three moit powerful nations in the world was not a full part ner in that effort lo achieve last ing world peace iic asserted Pointing out that any treaty binding the United States must have the consent of twothirds of the senate lie proposed that the body define in clearcut terms the kind of foreign policy which it believes will best serve tins nation and promote world stability and peace The resolution sets forth what tials1 for cooperation now and in the postwar era among ihc united nation Uncertainty as lo the postwar policies of Russia China and Great Britain he declared stems directly from the fact that no one knows yet what the attitude of the United States sennte whose consent is essential under the constitution will be Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Tuestlny night Ixwest temperature 2 below Strong winds diminish ing Tuesday iiighl Continued cold Wednesday forenoon IOWA Cold wave Tuesday night in east portion with tempera tures falling to near five con tinued cold remainder of state Tuesday night and entire state Wednesday forenoon s n o w flurries Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon in north portion moderately clrong winds diminishing Tuesday night MINNESOTA Cold wave south ind east portion colder north west portion Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon with tem peratures ranging from five be low to five above light snow and drifting snow Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon strong winds diminishing slow ly late Tuesday night IN iMASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Max Monday 38 above Min Monday night n above At 3 a m Tuesday 10 above as inch Snow tracc I irst thunder of the season was heard in Monday afternoon showers YEAR AGO Maximum 37 Minimum 32 Precipitation 77 The year ago observance re ported first thunder of the sea son nets river with massed German attackers suffering bloody losses Russias fourth city maiking center of a 400mile front the from Oicl lo Rostov the big steel cily fell lo the assault of an es timated 375000 German rein forcements just a month after it had been recaptured by the Itus sians V f On the Rostov front Die red armies showed sinus of contin uinc their offensive alons the sea of Azov toward Taganrog as soviet heavy rlillcry pounded tic Germans while scouts pcne tratcd lo the rear of imzi lines and blcwup railway Iracks Far lo the north Marshal Sc meon Tiinoshenkos forces batter ing toward Ihe key German base il Staraya iiussa were reported tu have captured a junction south of Lake Ilmcn after overcoming stilI resistance Fire Chief Afire WATERLOO who caught fire here Monday night veteran Fire Chief Ray Tiller Pocketing his pipe at a city council meeting to light up a gift cigar from Mayor Ralph B Slippy Chief Tiller moments Inter com plained the cigar smclied like burning When others complained too hat they smelled vag Tiller ioe shook himself and discovered why His coal pocket afire thanks to Ihc pipe he tucked Oil UledlolMe Fire Takes 2 Lives OMAHA UPi An explosion thai resulted after an attempt to kindle a fire in a stove with what was believed to have been kero sene had claimed its second vic tim Tuesday Two year old John Kimball met instant death Mon day and his mother Mrs Robert Kimball died Monday night The fuel exploded and her clothing caught fire ;