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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 15, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HJflTOKY ANS ASC C 3 fc U K i COUP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Preaaad United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Cop I MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 15 1946 CANADA ARRESTS TMi PapCT Consists at Two NO 135 Attlee Offers Independence to India OFFICIAL SAYS ENGLAND Truman TO AID NATION GAIN FREEDOM Ministerial Commission Will Go to India With Purpose of Assistance MUG me era prehensive over ultimate soviet either inside or outside the Brit ish empire Attlee told the house ot com mons that a British ministerial mission would go to India with a free hand and if India wanted to cut loose from the empire by free vote Britain would her My colleagues are going to India with the intention of us ing their ut most endeavors to help them s obtain freedom M as speedily and v fully as s i b I e Attlee said during de bate on an In dia central gov ernment bill If India elects for inde P e n d e n ce in our view she has the right to flo so It will be for us to help make the transition as smooth and easy as possible Attlee said the ministerial mis sionto India would be given a free hand in discussions leading to the development of India jnto a completely selfgoverning na tion India herself must choose as to what will be her future con stitution and position in the world he said I hope that the Indian people may elect to re main within the British common wealth Remarking that the tide of nationalism is running very fast in India and indeed all over Asia Attlee added that WR must remember that India is af fected by what where in Asia happens else Whatever course India chooses he said it must be by her own free will The British common wealth is not bound together by chains of external compulsion It is a free association of free peoples Then he added that if on the other hand India should choose independence she had the right to do so The tide of nationalism which seemed at one time to be canal ized among a comparatively small proportion of the educated tended to spread wider and wider Attlee continued It spread to those wonderful soldiers who have done great service in the war Whatever di visions there may be there is an underlying demand among all the Indian people Pecking Sparrows Level Tall Chimney Minn Spar rows that nested in a 302foot brick chimney at a brick and tile plant are being blamed for its collapse Company officials said that constant pecking at the chimney by the sparrows apparently weak ened it so that it was a victim of a gust of wind Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy with no im portant change in temperatures Friday night and Saturday Rain Saturday Iowa Occasional rain Friday night followed by clearing and a little cooler Saturday Minnesota Cloudy with no im portant change in temperature Rain in central portion Friday night and central and south por tion Saturday ending by after noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 57 Minimum 45 At 8 a m Friday 46 Precipitation 1 YEAR AGO Maximum 5 iliniaurn 43 Not Alarmed Over Tense World Situation Washington President Truman encouraged hope Friday that troubled international rela tions will better take a turn for the He said he does not consider the current situation as fraught vvith danger as many people be lieve Im not alarmed by it he de clared giving his permission for direct quotation Im sure well work out of it The chief executives hopeful ness was echoed by 2 important intentions in the Iran area Senate Majority Leader Bark ley Ky commented it has been my opinion all along that the sit uation isnt as bad as the head lines would seem to indicate And Senator Pepper D Fla told reporters I think entirely too much emphasis has been laid the bad side of the internation al situation I think people who do so are rendering a public dis service There is no more reason for Russia and the United States to go to war than there would be for Florida to declare war on Georgia1 Sensitive to the current drift of foreign affairs the house leader ship sought quietly meanwhile to stem the flood of members speeches rapping Russia and other warlime allies The time is not appropriate one of these leaders Russiabailing Some lawmakers too crossed privately for Truman introduced Churchill to his Fulton Mo audience mvi jnis uuji executive voirpn iiic henlingers on what might de confidence of re la velop m the speech Winston tions Thursday at a news confer Churchill makes Friday night in comer New York There was considerable specu lation over the reasons behind the decision Undersecretary of State Dean Acheson to cancel his plans for attending the dinner in Goering Says Hitler Left Him Seconds Nuernberg angry Her mann Goering denied to the inter national military tribunal Friday that he was a looter of Europes art galleries declaring that he paid for all he received and was cheated in many of the deals Sadly he testified that Hitler made him produce photographic copies of all confiscated art ob jects whose Jewish owners had fled Ilitler took first choice for he museum he planned at Linz he said and left Goeriug only 2nds Although the former reichsmar shal has freely admitted many prosecution statements concerning his part in nazi Germanys aggres sions he showed indignation at French charges of his part in the rifling of Europes art treasurers and went into great detail to ex plain his actions He claimed that he planned to make reparations for all art ob jects by establishing a benefit fund for families of Frenchmen killed in the war but he admitted this had never been done Referring to his dealings in the open market in France Italy and other places he said I was cheated As soon as it was known I was interested 50 and JOO per cent were added to the price Goering explained the 1040 in vasion of the low countries as due to the French general staff receiv ing Belgian permission to occupy that country and because the Netherlands could not maintain neutrality against British pres sure Goering said Mussolini secretly prepared his attack on Greece in 1940 for prestige purposes and against the wishes of Hitler Goering said Mussolini told Hit ler Italys troops would be in Athens in a few hours l11tl Ui irmuan asserted there never honor of the former British prime has been any rift between him mmtpp u and BymeSj and not going to resign While strengthening position in handling American diplomacy Mr Truman made plain that he himself is largely abstaining at present from active intervention in the conduct of foreign policy minister Pressure ot other busi ness was given as the reason However legislators were not unmindful of Moscows heated re action to Churchills Missouri speech or of the significance the Soviets might attach now to the presence of a high government of ficial at a followup address Mr AFL in Labor Spotlight as Green Blasts Administration By MAX HALL Associated Press Correspondent Washington the post war wave of CIO strikes subsid ing the rival AFL has moved into tile center of the labor picture with 2 developments 1 AFL President William Grceii often conservative in his utter ances lashed out in a vigorous tabbing attack on administration wageprice and labor policies AfX anger has been rising for directed at employers CIO 3t the government an1 th 2 AFL Vice President John L Lewis boss of the united mine workers finds himself in more of a key position than ever in his wage negotiations now going on with soft coal mine owners conversion Director John Snyder told a reporter that with the set tlement of several major strikes the one hurdle remaining in re conversion Is early amicable set tlement of labor contracts in the coal industry Lewis joined the AFL less than 2 months ago in Miami For sev eral months he has been criticiz ing the governments wageprice policies Green too has been critical of them but Thursday night in a speech at Carbondale Pa he surpassed himself and al most surpassed Lewis too Green demanded an end of what tie called Mr Trumans crazy quilt wageprice policies He said Mr Trumans advisers are incompetent And he declared that the big danger we face is the establishment of a permanent economy in our country regulated and regimented from beginning to end by the federal government The AFL president described the economic situation as dark and confused He said neither labor nor industrv knows where it stands or where it is headed Green called for a new wage price policy to be drafted with labor industry and agriculture HEMINGWAYS ON HONEYMOON Author Ernest Hemingway and his 4th wife Mary Welsh of Chicago were honeymooning Friday aboard his yacht Thev were married in Havana Cuba Thursday The bride is a t GHEEN LEWIS assistance and said it should be in effect only for 1 year After that he asserted at the annual dinner of the Carbondale central labor union all government con trols over wages and prices should be dropped Finally he asserted I urge with all the emphasis at my com mand that the government elim inate itself from the sphere of labormanagement relations ex cept for offering a strengthened conciliation service to both parties and allow labor and industry to work out their problems through the proper methods of collective bargaining and voluntary arbitra tion The AFL in its own publica tions has contended that the CIO deliberately forced the govern ment to intervene in laborman agement relations and thus made collective bargaining difficult CHURliLLlETS CHEERS BOOS Arrives in New York for Talk on Radio The chief executive voiced his once in which he scotched re ports of trouble between him and Secretary of State Byrnes and pledged unlimited support of his top cabinet officer Going out of his way to do so Mr Truman asserted there never Iran Minister of War Ready to Fight Reds Tehran q Gen Ahmed Sepehbod Amir Ahmedi minister of war said Thursday the Iranian army was ready to fight to the last man if Russian troops move toward Tehran from Karaj 20 miles northwest of here where he said trainloads of troops and am munition are arriving nightly Iran has shown to the world it is a peaceful nation but if Russia commits an overt act not only every soldier but every boy and ffirl in the streets will fight lo de fend their capital the general said in an interview immediately following an audience with Mo hammed Keza PahJavi Shah of Iran The Shah he said plans to pre sent the lianiaii question again to the united nations security coun cil which will meet in New York City later this month Ahmedi said the Russian garri son at Karaj had been increased fourfold and that there were 3 times as many Russians m Azer baijan as a month ago He termed the reported concen tvw kWIIUCJl1 tration ot troops and equipment a definite threat to Tehran and added that all necessary precau tions were being taken to meet it The general said that Iranians not go out to meet the Russians or even erect fortifica tions outside the city Irans intentions are only peace ful but our national security is at stake he added Tehran will be defended to the last boys and girls will this extreme and unlikely measure be comes necessary The general said the Russians have only partially evacuated Semnan Shahrud and Meshed owns in northeastern Iran where they announced they had begun evacuation March 2 and that he hart recalled to Tehran an army olumn which soviet troops turned back at Garmsar 2 weeks ago New York W i n s t o n j drew cheers and Anunraroc i boos on a motor tour of New rtavocates uovemment York Citys rainswept said Friday The road to the fu ture is open to all the people of the world if they will but tread that path in harmony and in jus tice The former British Prime Min ister spoke before 600 persons at an official reception in city hall after hiding up lower Broadway As he entered city hall a po liceestimated 1000 communists booed and hissed the Briton When the Churchill motorcade drew up 25 placards were raised over spectators heads proclaim ing No American shall die for Churchill no world war 3 Some persons chanted We want peace Churchill wants war Meanwhile world attention was focused on Churchills talk to be given Friday night Extraordinary precautions were taken by Scotland Yard men and city authorities to guard the Briton in his WaldorfAstoria hotel suite and during his swing through the city Churchill ivas expected o re ply Friday night to critics of his j Fulton Mo speech and possibly to Generalissimo Stalins denun ciation Contents of the talk were se cret A member of Churchills staff said the onetime war leader Housing Program for Veterans in College Chicago con struction of college buildings to accommodate the flood of veteran enrollments was advocated Friday by Marquis E Shattuck Detroit school superintendent Shattucfc told members of the American Association of School Administrators at a regional con ference that the government un der the G I bill of rights has offered education to more men than schools can accommodate When the government needed war production it built the build ings and let the industry run them he said The nation now needs educational facilities and MASON CITY ON AIRLINES City will join the nations airline network Saturday as Mid Continent airlines scheduled both north and southbound llights from the municipal airport The MidContinent lines extend from Minot N Dak and the Twin Cities in the north to New Orleans in the south and intersect major eastwest lines at the Twin Cities Des Moines Kansas City and St Louis 1st Mason City Airplane Stop Is Rescheduled for Saturday MJr6 ceremonies and the landing of the first plane on MidContinent airlines Mason City flight will be held Saturday morning at oclockit was announced shortly after 23Q p m W DC3 airliner wi christened on the southbound nil2 Ov flrst plane will land here at 1128 a m Ine above schedule once again is subject to weather conditions ys weather and low ceilings prevented the landing of the I MidContinent planes Friday as scheduled The northbound flight according to a postponed schedule was due in Mason City at 130 and the southbound plane 18 minutes later At the loudspeaker at air port announced that poor weather would prohibit the planes from setting down here and that they would fly over Mason City A large crowd was on hand at the airport to witness the arrival ot the first plane but dispersed soon after the official announce ment of the postponement The southbound 21passenger airliner will be christened City of Mason City at ceremonies here Mrs Kenneth Long daugh ter of Mayor H E Bruce will smash the baptismal bottle over the nose of the ship as city and airlines officials stand by Airlines officials here for the celebration include J A Cun ningham vice president in charge ot operations H W Coburn gen eral traffic manager W Robert Moreland assistant to the presi dent Miss Merrie Christmas Eve Bennett chief hostess William D I Weller district passenger agent D M Patterson station inspector and Harry R Studer interline and agency representative all of Kan sas City Leaving on the first southbound flight will be Mayor Bruce Ray E Pauley mayor during develop ment of the airport Emil Koerber chairman of the councils airport committee and Thor J Jensen representing the GlobeGazette Restore Pullmans Chicago service will be restored Saturday on Rock Island trains between Chi cago and Peoria and Chicago and Moline Davenport and Rock Is land railroad officials said Fri day HOLD MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT FOR SPY WORK Accuse 4 Government Workers of Revealing Top Secrets to Russia Ottawa accused a member of its parliament Friday violating the official secrets act and charged 4 government scien tific workers with transmitting confidential war secrets to Russia including details of a superexplo sive known as RDX Fred Rose known as the only communist ever elected to the Canadian house of commons was arrested after a parliament session Thursday night and formally charged Rose a Montreal labor leader entered no pica on his ar raignment in Montreal and was remanded for hearing March 22 under 51000ft hail Supt Josephat Brunei of the Royal Canadian mounted police said in Montreal that charges against Rose most definite ly were con nected with the espionage case The royal commission in 2nd interim the answer government tuck said again seems to be construction Shat Consumers use more than 50 million quarts of fresh milk and cream in a day through doorstep and store distribution Strikes At a Glance had the only copy to use in deliv ery from to 10 p m CST at an official city dinner Two communist members of the city council said they would not attend a ceremony at city hall where Churchill will receive the citys gold medal and distin guished service certificate Tomato juice may be substi tuted measure for measure for jomatoes in baked dishes soups sauces or THE ASSOCIATED PRESS isputes keep idle about 675000 Jjtcctric and General i back to work next week imors i Major developments Zeifzler was in disguise when taken into custody He had been wandering through Germany as a vagrant for the past 5 months He was ousted as chief of staff in 1944 on suspicion of participat years and wis virtual commander in chief of the eastern front soviet governments list war criminals The colonel said he uuitu Model and he alone knows the location of the grave It was un derstood he would be asked to point out the grave Discovery of condcnsate almost pure natural gasoline in the B depict a report ing soviet agents as try ing to ferret the war secrets of Cunada and the United States said Dr Raymond Boy er assist ant profess or of them i s t r y at McGill univer BOTER VON MODEL ZEITZLER BBITISH CAPTURE NAZI WARLORD Reveal Von Model Shot Self in Fear British Headquarters Germany intelligence agents disclosed Friday that Col Gen Kurt Zeitzler former chief of the German general staff has been iu me utaci 01 me prouuction con captured in the British occupation trol department of allied War sup 7rmp piles Ltd A government company sity had admitted giving Russia full information on Jois secret work with RDX They said that with this infor mation competent persons would be In a position to design a plant p produce the material in quan tity the commission said Boyer was accused of transmitting his secrets early in 1942 and into I0M while Russia and Canada were allied in the death struggle against Germany The 4 persons previously ac cused were minor governmental workers who were charged with working with the Moscowdirected espionage ring to obtain data on the atomic bomb radar electron ics and the disposition ot numer ous United States corps and divi sions which lately had fought the Germans Five persons other than the 8 already named still are under investigation Some witnesses holding stra tegic positions have made the significant statement under oath that they had a loyalty which took priority over the loyally owed by them to their own country and for that reason they acted as they did and would have continued so to act had they not been detected the commission said Fridays royal commission report elaborated on the general charges made public iSIarch 4 giving spy thriller details of operations The earlier report said the military at tache of the soviet embassy had sought to obtain secrets of the atomic bomb radar electronics anfl the whereabouts of numerous United States military units In addition to Boyer the com mission named these Harold Samuel Gerson assistant to the head of the production con concerned with the production of chemicals and explosives Gerson was known in the spy ring under the cover name of Gray the re port said Squadron Leader Matt Simons a tete m law on suspicion of participat ueauer Matt ing in the bomb plot against Adolf Nightingale employed as a tele Hitler on July 20 He had been Phone technician in the construe chief of staff for more than 2 tlon of military airports by the Hoyal Canadian airforce i ui inu vabLKiu ironi Dr David Shugar a PhD in British intelligence agents also Pnvsics at McGill university who announced that a German aide of was employed in the navy on re Field Marshal Gen Walter von scarch in antisubmarine detec Model told them that Model had tion used the undercover committed suicide near Duisberg name of Prometheus the corn after the Ruhr pocket collapsed misson reported last April uiuitimeu aicje twitmcji ftiiij who was Models intelligence lated the communist parly when chief said Model shot himself in it was banned had attended the fear that he would be captured opening of the 2nd session of the and turned over to the Russians 20lh parliament Thursday He was a Rose a member ot the labor a colonel progressive party which e ussans ramen ursay He was as a war criminal He was on the atrcstec at his small 2ndstory apartment after he returned from the session since members of par buried liament are immune o arrest in the parliament building Rose is 38 bald and a fiery speaker of several languages He was born in Lublin Poland of nat uralized Canadian parents and came to Canada at the age of 12 ng Communist was elected to Junsl in 1029 ;