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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 15, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR1 THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT i MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Pica and United Press full Leaud Wires Five Cents a Ccpyl MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH IS 1945 This Paper Consists o Two One NO 135 INSIDE WASHINGTON SeeCongressional No For Government Central Press Capital Staff Hill is ex pected to turn thumbs down on government auctions as a means of disposing of the huge surplus property which will be left over after the war The surplus will include ev e r y thing from soup to battleships and it is estimated t h a t the vast stocks of goods will be worth up to 10 Q bil lion dollars A Senate committee has been looking Sen Mead into the auction method of selling some of the materials which al ready have been declared surplus and according to members the committee does not like what it has found Star witness at the hearings was Jacob Goldberg of New whosaid he was the best auc tioneer in the country Senator James D Mead D New York committee chairman expressed amazement at what he said like irregularities and wna Goldberg said was customary at auctions The irregularities which Meac protested included a practice o professional auction buyers o rigging the show and controllm the prices Consequently the committee is expected to recommend against general use of auctions although it probably will endorse letUas farm machinery go on sale in that manner in view of the success of some farm auctions The committee also is expected to demand that a central clearing house be established so that one branch of the government will not be selling as surplus the same ma terials which another branch is frantically seeking to purchase 15TH ARMY RHINE ACTION Nazis Claim Reds Have Bridge Across Oder SAY RUSSIANS POURING OVER IN HUGE WAVES Prepare for Action Along Kuestrin Frankfurt Lines London UR The German radio indicated Thursday that the red army had a bridge across the Oder 33 miles due east of Berlin and men and arms were pouring over it in massive soviet attack waves The nazis broadcast a Trans ocean News agency dispatch whid said German artillery scored 8 direct hits on a bridge near Lebus Oder river town 10 miles south of captured Kuestrin Whether the bridge was a pon toon span or a permanent struc ture was not disclosed That it witfistood at least 7 directhits suggested the possibility of its be ing some solid structure which the Russians might have seized in a coup similar to the American cap ure of the Hemagen bridge over the Rhine Transocean said the concen trated bombardment dispersed Russian concentrations preparing for action in the centers of gravity ampaign Fund Investigators Split Over Proposal to Stop Future Union Contributions WPB sources freely predict that the quality of civilian shoes will get wprsebcfore it improves Rea son A growing leather shortage coupled witn tremendous niands for footwear irrhed forces de from the Nearly leatherjbas already taken bytHeinilHary for toots shoes and other Current stoete of civilian shoes have lowergrade leather soles and uppers than in prewar days And this decline is due to become progressively worse Dont oesurprised if civilian meat shortages reach famine proportions by midsummer This is the gloomy picture painted by War food Administra tion officials WFA underscored its dire predictions by increasing from 50 to 70 per cent all utility beef set aside for the armed forces The collapse of Germany may possibly change the picture but irom the way it looks now a juicy steak will really be a scarcity this summer of the soviet offensive at Kietz Klessin and Podelziff respective ly 3 miles soolhivest of Kuestrin 8 miles south of Kuestrin and 9 north of Frankfurt Berlin said 2 soviet armies from Marshal Gregory KZhukovs firs White Russian troops were iight ing for high ground west of the Oder between Kuestriji and Frankfurt 18 miles to the south German artillerymen the contestec hills had been pounding sbvie bri4geheads on the west bank Four other armies from Zhu kovs group were building ferries and bringing up bridge materials northand south of Stettin for an expected attempt to envelop the big Baltic port Berlin said Seven armies in the 3rd White Russian army group were said to be assaulting Germanys shrinking pocket southwest of Koenigsberg in East Prussia from all sides At least 13 towns including Gruen wiesse 17 miles southwest of Koenigsberg and 2000 prisoners were captured Wednesday Washington cam paign investigators split sharply Thursday over a republican pro posal to prevent future political spending by unions They agreed there was no clear cut violation of the corrupt prac tices act on the part of the CIO Political Action committee in the 1944 campaign but a suggested I revision of the act proposed by Senators Ferguson RMich and Ball RMinn drew democratic majority dissent The republicans sought a pro hibition against expenditures as well as contributions made in connection with any federal elec tion by a corporation bank or labor organization Chairman Green DR and Senators Stewart DTenn and Tunnel DDel disagreed on the grounds that such an extension if the corrupt practices act might unit freedom of speech press and assembly and that prohibitions and sanctions fail to prevent pernicious political activity The clash over union election activity was bundled up in a 250 page report on the 1944 campaign filed with the senate The committee which ques tioned Sidney Hiilman head of the PAC said its inquiry devel oped that while the corrupt prac tices act prohibits Unions and cor porations from waking contribu tions in federal elections it does YANKS SECURE SHIP CHANNEL IN PHILIPPINES Seize Control of 2 More Islands on Southern Approaches Manila S troops se cured the southern approaches to the main shipping channel through the Philippines Thursday with the seizure of 2 more islands southeast of Luzon Elements of the 24th division captured the and the Sibuyan sea east of Mindoro iu a surprising tactical operation Sunday night against light opposition a com munique said The small Japanese garrison on Romblon midway between Tablas and Sibuyan isalnds put up sev eral brief skirmishes near the town of Romblon but quickly destroyed Romblon and Simara were the 22nd and 23rd islands in the Phil ippines invaded by U S troops It now develops that neighbor hood bars taprooms and saloons were one of the chief objectives in War Mobilizer James F Byrnes midnight curfew order on amuse ment places Behind the Byrnes request Was Ms frank concern over absen teeism in war plants This same reason prompted issuance of the ban on all racing Despite its widelypublicized ef fect on metropolitan night clubs the order is hitting the bars just around the corner with a greater impact than the Stork club The advances reduced the nazi pocket to approximately 400 square miles At Gruenwiesse the Russians were 4 miles from the sea and 2 from a coastal highway A breakthrough to the sea in that area would split the Eastufrus sian pocket in 2 Another 7 armies from the 2nd White Russian group were ham mering at the narrowing Danzig Gdynia defense salient on the Baltic according to Berlin Stteet fighting was raging in the suburbs of both not extend the ban to expendi tures This position taken by Hillmari at the time later was concurred in by the attorney general the committee asserted Ferguson anc Ball would applv the prohibition to political convention spending as well In its lengthy document the special campaign Investigating committee also 1 Criticized Fulton Levis Washington radio commentator for what it said was his refusal to cooperate with the committee in its effort to run down his charge that employes of a Minne sota shipbuilding concern used threats and coercion in solicit ing Roosevelt campaign funds 2 Beeommended removal as utterly unrealistic of an exist ing Hatch act ceiling of 53000000 upon receipts and expenditures by political committees and a 55000 limitation on individual campaign contributions The committee said that while the republican national commit tee reported spending and the democratic national com mittee groups support ing the national tickets spent as follows Democrats Independent com mittees groups or individuals intrastate independent groups and state com mittees of Gen Dcoiglas MacArthurs southwest Pacific forces All but 2 Luzon and Min under complete trol but American regulars and Filipino guerrillas were rapidly overcoming the Japanese on those islands the largest In the archi pelago On Mindanao 41st d i vision vet erans expanded their Zamboanga bridgehead to 30 square miles and continued to pursue the Japanese into the hill regions inland Five more villages were seized by the Americans as they fanned out from the Zamboanga city area under the cbver of an air and sea bombardmentThe villages were Reccdo on Caldera point 8 miles west of Zamboanga Mercedes 5 miles northeast of the city and Masilay Harlow and Tumaga to the north Eight Japanese gun batteries in the hills behind Zamboanga were silenced by Mitchell medium bombers and American warships REMAGEN BRIDGE FUNNEL OF RHINE BRIDGEHEAD Ludehdorff railroad bridge at Rernagen over which troops and suppliesof the II S 1st army pouring ina drive against the Germans on the east bank side stretches across the Rhine rivevin thisphoto Note the high bluffs on the opposite side one of the heaviestobstacles our troopshave hadtoi iwirephpto shore while several small Oratory of Senator Harlan J Bushfield R of South Dakota does hotmeasure up to the at tractions of Screen Charmer Lana Turner in the opinion of the sen ators colleagues Thiawas evidenced when Lana lunched at the capital with Vice President Harry S Tmman Adm William F Halsey and a group of senators who declined to tear themselves away from the lunch eon party to hear a speech by Bushfield on foreign policy One soviet army from the 2nd Republicans Independent corn White Russian group penetrated mittees groups or individuals the inner defense ring of Kol berg holdout defense bastion on the Baltic coast of German Pom erania Berlin conceded Four more soviet armies from Zhukovs firstWhite Russian group were scattered elsewhere along the Oder front from Frank furt to the Baltic for the specific task of cleaning up small by passed enemy pockets Berlin said The German account did not take into consideration the first Ukrainian army group under Marshall Ivan S Konev southeast of Berlin but these forces also will play a leading role inthe corning battle lor the capital Less Than 4000 Marines Killed in 25 Days on I wo Guam marines have lost less than 4000 dead in the 25day campaign on Iwo Jima Vice Adm Richmond Kelly Turner indicated Thursday United Press War aboard Adm Turners flagship off Iwo said the 5th marine amphibious forces have completed their fighting effort on Iwo 1 T 1 Their death casualties are less February OnplOyment than of those of the defend J Off 76 Per Lent Compared With 1914 Des Moincs in Iowa in February held steady as com Believe Yanks Blew Up Osaka Arsenal in Wednesdays Raid Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Showers and thun dershowers Thursday night and Friday Slightly colderwith al temperatures above freezing M I Guam believed to have been the Osaka arsenal one Japans biggest war plants blow up during Wednesdays fire raid in an explosion so violent it nearly wrecked 2 Superfortresses a mile and a hall overhead it was announced Thursday Definite proof of the explosion awaited clearing weather that would permit reconnaissance pho tographs ot the fivesquaremile area devastated in the 2300ton attack on Osaka The arsenal well within the target area covers ISO acres and produces antiaircraft guns ar tillery machine guns rifles shell cases bombs and fuses The plant also contains a steel mill chemical works and a research laboratory The explosion sent 2 Superfbrt1 resses rocketing 3000 to 4000 feet Iowa Showers and thundershow into the sky within a lew seconds I Precipitation ers Thursday afternoon Scat tered showers Thursday nigh and Friday Colder Friday ii south and west portions Thurs day night Cloudy with showers southeast and rain north por tion Thursday night Friday cloudy north and partly cloudy south portion No decide change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 51 Minimum Wednesday 43 At 8 a m Thursday 48 Rainfall 12 inches YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 32 29 08 S6Q9291 intraslate independent groups and stite com mittees 59260528 3 Reported it had referred to IE attorney general testimony oncerninga complaint by Sena or Taft R0hio against distri ution by the Ohio CIO state ouncil of a campaign pamphlet ntitled He Wanted to Do Busi IBSS with Hitler and he Amazing Story of Senator Taft In doinir so the committee said t recommended a test case to de ermine whether circulation of the pamphlet could be considered a democratic campaign contribution under the corrupt practices act The committee absolved Taft of CIO complaints that he spent ex cessive sums in his November election campaign and that he used his position to prevent the 2IO from using radio broadcast ng facilities in Ohio 4 Disclosed it had turned over to the justice department infor mation gathered in an investiga tion of Texas democratic Sena or ODaniels weekly newspaper the W Lee ODaniel News It said the publication collected more than S191000 and asked the1 justice department to examine the matter in relation to the corrupt practices act 5 Reported excessive spending in the Arkansas democratic Pri mary fraud and glaring irregu larities at the polls there bat not a scintilla of evidence that the election of democratic Senator FulbrighC was affected in any way 6 Said it had turned over to the justice department for consider ation and study of the proper en forcement agency a transcript of testimony concerning the Ameri can democratic national comnrit Tqkyo radio recorded by United Press in San Francisco said 3 allied battleships 3 cruis ers 6 destroyers and 10 transports ofi Zamboanga were directing their bombardment against the Japanese positions on Mindanao U S casualties between March 8 and 12 were estimated to ex ceed well over 1100 Tokyo claimed The 43rd division was revealed for the first time to be fighting on Luzon where it joined the first cavalry division in tile drive east of Antipolo al the southern end ot the main Japanese line under 4000 Marines still ware hacking away at the shrinking enemy pockets on the 8li square mile island pro Adm Chester Nimitz claimed himself military go of Iwo and other occupied islands in the Volcano group pre sumably barren Kangoku and Kama rocks off the west coast of Iwo seized 2 days ago Mai Gen Keller E Hockeys 5th marine division gained 200to 400 yards in compressing the main enemy pocket at the rocky northj ern tip of Iwo Wednesday The Japanese weec lighting to the death from long prepared fenses A smaller pocket was under j pared with January but was off 76 per cent compared with Feb ruary of 1941 the state bureau of Sen McKeliat Back at Fine Ken neth McKellar who suffered a fainting spell at the capitol Wednesday arrivedat his ollice Thursday morning saying 1 feel just fine today The 76 year old McKellar coir lapsed in an anteroom off the sen ate floor after making a 30minute speech on authority j labor reported Thursday The fig ures covered 427 firms A total of 406 companies re ported a weekly payroll of 53619612 last month which was 27 per cent lower than the Janu ary figure and 35 per cent lower than the figure for February of last year The average weekly wage last month was the Tennessee valley Bur your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy tee organized to oppose a 4th term The committee said this group ofwhich former war secretary Harry Woodring of Kansas once served as chairman solicited funds irith the understanding that con tributions would not be publi cized After a hearing it added the ADNC agreed to file a com plete report of its collections with the clerk of the house 7 Said it found no violation of the law in its inquiry into the publication by the Trade Union News Publishing company Inc Philadelphia and distribution of a booklet entitled Clear Every thing With Sidney 8 Reported that if the dead voted in Kanawha county West Virginia as had been claimed it did not affect the final selection of delegates to the 2 party con ventions assault by Mai Gen Clifton B Cafes mh division on the east coast i Pacific fleet headquarters in fixing the number of enemy dead on Iwo at 20000 through Wednes day emphasized that its estimate was conservative and less than the detailed estimates of front line commanders The figure was based on the number of Japanese bodies buried and a very careful guess as to the numbers sealed in the forti fied caves which the enemy re fused to surrender On Monday alone 115 such caveswere sealed with demolition charges There has been no announce ment of marine casualties since March 3 when 2050 Americans were listed as ucad At that time the number of Japanese dead was placed at 12864 Some American dead were found to have been boobytrapped by the Japanese An NEC broadcast from Guam said unofficial information cated American casualties on Iwo would be very high An NBC commentator in Washington pre dicted they total 17000 including 3000 dead The stars and stripes were ran up on a stair on a strongly re inforced Japanese bunkertopped with an anliaircraft gun em placement in the shadow of Mt Suribachi at the southern tip of the island As the official flag went up Due to the growing shortage of men the employment rollsfor 1 last month showed nearly half as many women employed as men The fiaures were 63505 men and 34131 women I AM AMERICAN DAY YANKSCAPTURE 4 TOWNS MAKE FURTHER GAINS Enemy Claims 100000 Americans Now in Bridgehead Sector Paris forces east of the Rhine captured 4 and extended their bridgehead to an area 11 miles by G Thursday and the Germans said the new U S 15th army had joined the assault from the Hem agen foothold The enemy reported that 100 000 Americans now were across the Khine and hid cut the Frank furtRuhr autobahn while the U S 9th army had wade an attempt to cross the Rhine north of Duis burg 55 miles north of Remagcn To the south the U 3 7th at acked along a 50 mile front in he Saar and gained up to S miles n the first few hours against light o moderate resistance Last allied frontline dispatches iled at a m batUefront time said the first army was within a half mile of the 6 lane military highway in the thickly wooded hills northeast of Honnef northern anchor of the bridge head The Americans were sweeping the road with machine gun fire at the time and to all intents virtually had cut the route The only mention of the 15th army came from the foe reported fierce fighting in the village of Houvel miles northeast of Honnef In the area where the autobahn was nazi com munications for both the Khine land and the imperilled and out flanked Saar The enemy had been1 reporting smoke screens shielding intense activity on the lower Rhine front allweekiThe warisccre tary said earlier this our forces are preparing for a large icale crossing or the Rhine The Germans were building op their strength due east of Rema ffen and made the wholly uncon firmed assertion that their bomb ers had destroyed the tudendorff bridge and nearby pontoon bridge supplying upwards of 70000 foot and tank troops the enemy said were in the 50 or more square miles of the German heartland The 3rd army bridged the wide Moselle southwest of Coblenz and deepened their east bank foothold to 3 miles The crossing was marie Wednesday against light resistance of the German 7th army which had lost more than 64000 prison ers to Lt Gen George S Patlons army since Jan 30 The Moselle crossing extended from 8 to 17 miles southwest of Coblenz a major traffic center oji the middle Rhine Other 3rd army troops have been at the outskirts of Coblenz but across the Moselle for 5 days Farther south the resurgent American 7th army invaded Ger manys Saar district anew and captured at least 6 towns inciud iiiR Furstenhiuscn a suburb of Voclklinccn where the largest steel mill in the Saar is located VoelklinKcn an industrial city oF 31000 was menaced imminently as was Saarnrueckcn capital of ttic district and a ruined city of 135000 The 7fh army advanced up to 4 The bill would increase the momiles on a 7 mile front west of ORDER VOTE ON VEHICLE BILL All House Members Must Be Present Des Aloines mem ber of the Iowa house Thursday was ordered lo Ue in his seat Fri day morning to vote on a bill per taining to motor vehicle dealers licenses It was the first time this session that such a call of the house had been issued in either chamber The motor vehicle dealers meas ure previously passed by the sen ate failed to get a constitutional i majority of 55 votes Thursday and was declared defeated by a vote of 51 to 51 It was the first time a measure has been defeated in the lower chamber during the session when up for final passage Rep Harry E Weichman R Newhall moved that the bill be reconsidered and laid upon the table an action which virtually would kill it However his motion lost G4 to 30 Rep Carroll A Lane RCar voll then moved for reconsidera tion and a call of the house for a vote Friday morning Speaker Harold Fcnton ruled the motion in order and issued the call Washington jpjpr esi d en li tor vehicle dealerslicense from So Saarbruecken crossing the Jron cn tn ci c i rt Kooseveit Thursday set asids Sun day May 20 as I Am An Ameri can Day in honor of those who have become citizens in the past year through naturalization and by reaching their majority to S15 a year and would that such a place of business be marines reluctantly lowered the one that had flown from the sum mit of Mt Suribachi since its capture on the oth day ot the invasion under a roof and have facilities for display and repair Before it got into the contro versy the house passed 10 bills sending B to the senate and 2 to the governor Passed and sent to the governor by a vote of 97 to 0 was a measure relieving service personnel of cer tain stale income tax obligation It would exempt the first in tier and reaching the Saar river at several points Shaffhauscn VTehr den Geislautern Clarenthal and Schoenecken all toppled Skies were clear for a 2nd day presaging further heavy allied air attacks With the Ruhr already smoking as much from bombing and shell ing as from production the heightcninfr question was how much longer its factories and forges could continue to feed steel for German war needs The western edge ot the Ruhr times o week in the Globe Gazette Watch for it service pay any subsistence pay and dependency allowances from great cities of tate income taxes ft would ex Krefeid and Muenchen empi all service pay if the veteran akeadv weve in aUi d nands A died during the war tinery bombarded the heart of the The exemptions would be retro Ruhr basin for 15 miles east of the active lo Jan 1 1041 and apply Rhine battering such production until e months after the end of the centers as the Krupp works at war State tax commission officials Essen the vast inland port of Duis were quoted as saying it would cost more to collect these taxes han collections Would bring in Another bill passed was a house measure to remove the a month ceiling on state aid to the burg Duesseldorf Muelheim and Oberhausen Aerial bombs supple mented the shells The twisted steel of broken rail lines the ruins of smashed junc tions and the gaping holes in blind and make the payments on the basis of actual need The vote was 98 to 0 A bill to raise from 4 to 5 cents a mile the compensation paid state officials and employes for use of their private cars in state business won approval 89 to 10 The hill now goes to the senate Buy your Stamps from carrier boy bridges and overpasses in the arc around the whole crisis zone east of the Rhine posed an equally searching question of whether the German army itself could get into the battle of the bridgehead in strength enough to stop its steady expansion Beyond Honef the first army jwas less than 20 miles from the j southern cdse of the Ruhr and War Bonds 5 miles of rather open your GlobeGazette country where tanks could ram page orP co ;