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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 15, 1944, Mason City, Iowa COWP DEPARTMENT OF HI STORY AND ARCHIVE CES KOINES I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT GIVE MOKE JN44 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL I Associated Press and United Presj Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 15 This Paper Consists ol Two One NO 1S7 Reds Liquidate Several Nazi Ukraine Divisions RUSSIANS KILL 10000 TRYING TO FLEE TRAP Harbor of Nikolaev Closed With Advance on Black Sea Coast Moscow army troops are liquidating several trappcc nazi divisions in the southern Ukraine the Russians said Wed nesday and in a smash along the Black sea coast have closed the harbor of Nikolaev leavin Odessa as the only large port ii southern Russia still available to the Germans Ten thousand Germans havi been killed and 4000 captured al ready a soviet communique said while trying to break out of th trap sprung by Gen Rodion Y Ukrainian army about 46 miles northeast of Ni kolaev and in the Bereznegovati Snigerevka area Columns drivin in from the north and sout forged a ring steel around th nazis Other red army troops pushe 18 miles beyond captured Khcr son to cut the Germans line of es cape through Nikolaev harbo into the Black sea They cap tured Shirokaya Balka 28 mile southeast of Nikolaev and les than 10 miles from the mouth the southern Bug river and so viet guns control the exi from Nikolaev the soviet bulletin said The red army also closed in on Nikolaev from the north cap tured Kiselevka 21 miles to the east and the rail station of Chek hovichi about 125 miles to the southeast To the north soviet units were said to have forced a crossing of the Bug river near Gaisin a town about 50 miles southeast of Vin nitsa putting them within 60 miles ft the Rumanian frontier The soviet communique said Gai sin was captured and the river crossed to the north and south of it The Russians also announced the capture of Mikhailovka on the banks of the Bug 14 miles south of Vinnitsa They declared the red army had swept up more than 230 localities in its advances on 3 Ukrainian fronts 70 of them after heavy fighting west of Ki rovograd and including Novo Archangclsk 28 miles southeast of Uman s The announcement of the en trapment of the German divisions near Snigerevka followed within 3 weeks the Russian announce ment that 10 nazi divisions were wiped out in the Korsun ring about 130 miles north of this area Desperate a t tempts of the enemy to break iout the encir clement failed the soviet war bulletin said Our troops are pressing in on the encircled Ger man divisions and inflicting huge losses on them in manpower and material ft Red Cross War Fund Hears Mark The Cerro Gordo county Red Cross war fund rose to 39940 Vednesday with the addition of from various divisions and ommunities The additional funds Wednesday came to large extent from rural reas of the county where ndicate generous contributions This leaves 511560 yet to go n order to attain the quota of 351500 set for Cerro Gordo county This figure however is he minimum set for the county and it is hoped it will be over subscribed The national goal of the cam paign is 5200000000 which funds are needed to carry on the Red Cross program at home and abroad Cerro Gordo countys quota is for the purpose ot oper ating the big program of the Red Cross in the county as well as for work ot the national organization both in America and in other parts of the world 10000 EASTMAN ODT HEADDIESWAS ILL ONE MONTH Was Considered One of Leading Authorities in Transport Field Washington B Eastman 61 director of defense transportation member of the In terstate Commerce Commission for 25 years and one of the nations foremost authorities in the trans port field died Wednesday at Emergency ho s p i t a 1 after a months illness His physician said Eastmans death was sudden resulting from a coronai3 occlusion or block in the artery that goes to the heart He suffered a similar attack 4 veeks ago and since had been con ined to bed Eastmans death left vacant the ob of running the nations ime transportation system Tem porarily his deputy John L Rog rs of Tennessee also a member ot he ICC will be in charge LAUNCH ALLOUT DRIVE ON CASSINO WLB REJECTS AFL DEMANDS Higher Wage Ceiling Had Been Requested Washington war la bor board Wednesday rejected American federation oE labor de mands for a higher wage ceiling In a 3 way blow at organized labors drive for liberalization of the wage stabilization formula the board refused to approve the AFL petition requesting President Roosevelt to modify realistically the little steel formula rejected a proposal to hold a public hearing on that petition and turned down a third suggestion that it conduct a general hearing on wage stab ilization for the purpose of pro viding congress with inf9rmation on the subject The AFL petition had been be fore the board since Feb 9 I was discussed on that date ant aagin one day last week but did not come to a vote until Wednes day The AFL and CIO members stood together in supporting the 3 motions but received no sup from WLBs industry and public members As the total raised in the Cerro Gordo county Red Cross campaign went near the 540000 mark Wed nesday the 4th arm of the Red Cross symbol was all hut com pletely blacked out A total of has been raised so far in the campaign When the goal of 551500 is reached the entire sym bol will be blacked out IOWAN DROWNS IN SMALL GREEK Believed to Have Lost Control of Auto in Fog Grundy Center if Jasper Hensley 38 ot Grundy Center was drowned in a small creek oj miles southwest of here shortly after oclock Tuesday night Hensley was on his way to Gilman and it is believed he lost control of his car in the fog Uusually there are only a few inches of water in the creek but because of tecent rains the water was about 3 feet deep Hensleys car turned over when it left the road and he was pinned under neath it Hensley had planned to return to Alaska this spring for his third seasons work on the Alcan high wayAmong survivors are 5 brothers in the armed services HOUSE PASSES SERVICE BALLOT F R Reported to Be Undecided on Action Washington UP The house Wednesday approved the com promise soldier vote bill and put it up to President Roosevelt for signature or veto Administration sources said that Mr Roosevelt was still un decided and that there was no unanimity among his advisers as to what he should do He has in dicatedhis primary consideration will be whether the bill would permit more soldiers to vote than could do so under present law The final bill adopted by an overwhelming coalition of repub licans and southern democrats put many limitationson use of such n ballot and apparently would prevent any voting by serv ice personnel from Kentucky and New Mexico Federal ballots can be used only by persons overseas only if states agree to accept them and count them and only if the voter is im Plan Now for Service Men Hickenlooper I o w a n s on the home front should be planning now for an orderly assimilation of the states 300000 men in war service Gov B B Hickenlooper told the Mason City Lions club at the Green Mill Wednesday noon Although the total number of Americans in service in this war is only 3 times as as in the First World war the chief ex ecutive said the rehabilitation problem is likely to be 5 or 6 times greater In meeting the problem said Mr Hickenlooper there are two general alternatives 1 In the individual localities on a free enterprise basis 2 On a nationwide through the devices of paternal ism My own great preference he added would be to see the first these alternatives adopted The job is one that must be done how ever If it isnt handled and handled adequately on the local or state level it will be handled federally We may as well make up our minds to that Objection to the paternalistic that rehabilitation A native of Katonah N Y Easl nan was never married His pub ie career began in Massachusetts when he became secretary of the xiblic franchise league of Bos Lon in 1906 Subsequently he rep resented employes in various dis putes with the street railway com pany and in 1915 became a mem ber of the state public service commission He was named to the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1919 and since had served con tinuously When President Wilson appoint ed him to the ICC at the age of 36 he was the youngest man ever to assume Successive presidents republican and democrat gave him new ap pointments Politically he was listed as an independent The late Justice Louis D Bran deis once remarked Joe Eastman has more interest in public service and less in his own career than any man I have ever known The 2 were long close Iriends President Roosevelt made East man coordinator of the railroads in 1933 charged with effecting operating economies at the degtlj of the depression and he served in thatrpost until it1 was abolished in 1936 In his Ion Ford Company Asks Help of State Police Detroit Ford Motor company reporting production of its Rouge plant curtailed approxi mately 75 per cent by an auto mobile picket line Wednesday morning and complaining that protection afforded by police o suburban Dearborn was made quate Wednesday requested as signment of state police to Dear bora A telegram to Guv Harry F Kelly from Supt R Rausch of Fords Rouge plant also asked the governor to initiate removal proceedings against such offi cials of the city of Dearborn who are responsible for this refusal to render proper police protection Rausch asked Kelly to assign sufficient state police to give the company the police protection necessary to enable it to main tain an uninterrupted flow ot war materials to our armed Both company spokesmen who reported a majority of the day shift workers back on their jobs at midmorning and representa ives of workers explain the picketing demonstra tion but agreed it was not au thorized by the union Rauschs telegram blamed it on a small group of irresponsible union members most of whom had been discharged with the consent of the officers of the TJAWCIO because of an unau thorized work stoppage Rausch said the police wer LORENZEN 58 IS CONVICTED IN DEATH OF WIFE Life Term Recommended for Ida Grove Farmer Who Poisoned Mate Ida Grove Lor cnzen 58 year old farmer was convicted of first degree murdci Wednesday in the poison death of his wife Mae last October he stale charged he put poison n a bottle of vitamin pills she vas accustomed to taking The 12 man jury which had jeen out since p in Tucs lay returned the verdict at i m and fixed the punishment is imprisonment for life at hard labor Judge Bruce M Snell set March 25 at 10 a m as the date for im the united automobile CIO were unable to posing sentence and hearing mo Lions for a new trial or filing ex ceptions to his final instructions to the jury The defense has until March 24 to file for a new trial The jury under the foreman ship of George Koch fixed the punishment as life imprisonment at hard labor in spite of the prosecuting attorneys demand for the maximum penalty namely death by hanging The jury re cessed during the night f The farmer was charged Eastman was Washington career known as an ex tremely hard worker arriving at his office regularly at a m and working far into the night with brief timeouts for a short nap on a leather couch in his of fice and a workout on the roof of a downtown athletic club When he first came to the ICC the railroad industry viewed him as unfriendly due partly to his advocacy of federal owner ship of the carriers In later years Eastman executives got able to get a state ballot GRAVENTOlE RECOMMENDED Senate to Act Next Week on Nomination Pup Trips Mother Baby in Arms Hurt Fatally St Louis playful pup py her childrens pet was blamed Wednesday for tripping Mrs Floyd Koster 25 on the stairs and causing her to fall with her baby in her arms The child was killed Mrs Koster was not injured Washington JP Confirmation of the nomination of Henry N Graven of Mason City for north ern Iowa federal district judge approach is be on a dole basis the governor explained The fighting man in this war as in all other wars he declared is interested in productive em ployment under a system of free enterprise He wants a a dole The governor explained how ever that generous financial aid to service men should and would be accorded as a debt of gratitude How important service mens influence is destined to be in the affairs of Iowa was suggested by Mr Hickenlooper in pointing out that the 300000 fighting men will have 300000 wives of like view point along with 400000 parents total of a million adults in an adult population ot something less than a million and a half Reference was made to the re habilitation commission set up by the last legislature for study and recommendations Support of such constructive program as is ad vanced by that body was request ed In looking ahead he con ludcd we must have it in mind hat many of those who left us as boys will come back to us as mature men who believe they lave earned the right to a se cure place in our economy In 2 or 3 years they are jumping the bridge from youth to maturity hat normally would take 10 to 12 years If we wait until they come liome to make a place for them were going to find that its too ate Well be inviting trouble and confusion We must plan ahead Otto Sailer reported on a recent visit to the youth center in Cedar and the railroad along famously but Eastman often found himself in conflict with labor organiza tions which objected to many of Eastmans proposals for rail co ordination on the ground they would eliminate jobs In an unusual tribute to their colleague ICC members in 1939 abolished the longtime plan whereby the chairmanship ro tated annually on the basis of seniority and elected Eastman to a 3 year term There was talk then that lie would be the permanent chair man but he had to give up the presiding officers chair because of the added duties he took on in 1912 when he was made director of the wartime office of defense transportation As ODT director he not only had supervision over railroad op erations down to telling the car riers how many trains they could run and where but also acted as overseer of the nations truck school bits and taxicab fleets either unwilling or fearful to remove the blockade Wednesdays demonstration was the 2nd by workers on the after noon shift in the plant manufac turing Pratt Sc Whitney aircraft engines In the first demonstra tion Tuesday night they left their benches at oclock and parked automobiles in front of all gates Wednesday morning they set up the line again and turned back the first day shift workers A company spokesman said a majority of the workers entered the plant within half an hour af ter the picket tyie which jammed Scaefer highway for several blocks had been dispersed The company meanwhile planned radio appeals to others to return The work interruption brought from R J Thomas president of the United Automobile Workers CIO a statement that it had not been authorized and that it was a serious mistake from any point of view Any work stoppage at the Rouge aircraft plant he said would bitter the nation against our union He urged all workers to return to their jobs f A company spokesman con tinued to profess no knowledge as to what brought about the dis pute The aircraft building was the scene of a demonstration last week which resulted in the dis charge of 10 employes and thn indefinite suspension of 10 others Some workers expressed belief the new flareup resulted from ru mors that further disciplinary measures were to be mors which were flatly denied by the company connection with the poison deatb of his wife last Oct 1 after h allegedly had become infaluatec with another woman The death penalty was de manded by Ted Campbell assist ant prosecuting attorney in hi closing argument to the jury Judge Bruce M Snells instruc tions gave the jury the choice o 4 verdicts Guilty of murder i the first degree with the deal penally guilty of murder in th first degree with life imprison ment not guilty and not guilt because of insanity The defense was based on sanity Lorenzen testified Mon day that he had been influence by which appeared him frequently and told him get rid of his wife LONDON DIGS OUT AFTER RAIDS Intensity Rivals That of41 Nazi Attacks IN CHARGE OF FBI Des Moines iP Ernest E Kuhnel 40 has begun his duties as agent in charge at the Des Moines office of the federal bu reau of investigation succeeding James Dalton who has gone to Huntington W Va as Runnels Successor as agent in charge there will be recommended Monday by the senate judiciary committee an aide to Chairman McCarran D Nev said Wednesday The nomination then probably will be acted upon by the senate Tuesday or Wednesday A subcommittee called a hear ing for Wednesday but no wit nesses appeared Both Iowa sen ators Gillette D and Wilson have approved the nomina tion the committee official said Graven was nominated b President Roosevelt upon recom mendation of Gillette Bay War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Gazette carrier j Rapids pointing out how impor tant a place it had made for it self in community life in its brief period of operation The governor was introduced by Program Chairman Russell Girlon Guests included Dr H C Kruegcr of Clear Lake Jack Meinstcr of Cedar Kapids H T Barclay W P Butler H M Knudson Allan Beck Earl Smith Henry Wormhoudt C E Strick land C A Rice and Al Carstens KNITS SWEATERS Helper Utah iP Canadian born Mrs Kate W Belong 83 has knitted 60 sweaters for soldiers of this country Great Britain and Canada She believes thats a record SUICIDES SHOW DECREASE Des Moines The state health department reported that 278 suicides and 21 homicides were recorded in Iowa last year compared to 308 suicides and 25 homicides in 1942 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday no decided change in temperature Lowest Wednesday night in Mason City 25 Iowa Cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday Occasional light freezing rain or drizzle extreme south portion and occasional light snow northwest and west central portions Wednesday night No decided change in temperature Minnesota Mostly cloudy Wed nesday and Thursday Occa sional light snow south portion Wednesday night little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 32 Minimum Tuesday night 29 At 8 a m Wednesday 29 Precipitation 08 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 47 Minimum 29 Rain 23 London workers toiled through smoking ruins in search of dead and injured Wed nesday as London dug itself out after a fierce promidnight fire raid that rivaled in intensity the big German attacks of 1941 Thousands of incendiaries and high explosive bombs were showered upon the city in a short hut concentrated attack which touched off fires in many section and did extensive damage in i of the capitals best known business and residential districts Bombs also dropped at scat tered points in East Anglia anc south ami southeast England causing both casualties and dam age to several places The total raiding force was es timated at ISO to 200 planes bu how many of these reached Lon don was not announced At leas 13 raiders were shot down 11 over England and 2 enroutc Clark Seems Pleased With Bomb Attack By LYNN HEINZERLING With the 5th Army Before Cas sino Italy Lt Gen Mark Clark watched the bombing of Cassino Wednesday and seemed pleased to see the explosives pouring into the German posi tions which have given his 5th aiiny one of the toughest struggles of the Italian campaign With Maj Gen Tohn K Can non commander of the tactical air force he paused for a moment at the window from which cor respondents were watching the pyrotechnics Then he returned to his own observation post re marking that he had all the aerial rass hats with him As 1 watch a great weight of r attack is now being thrown in nd the German is angry Occa onal enemy shells are whining i to land on the hillsides below s The first planes to come over re B2fi medium Mitchell embers They came out of the ast with the sun behind them treaming on their great silvery ails They headed right over flounl Trocchio for the town One moment Cassino looked ike the quiet country town it is ith its crumbling but still some vhat graceful walls of masonery lUtlined against the blue sky ibove it Then a dark line of angry plumes of smoke darted up at the edge of the town with sharp red orange flames at the bottom The attack had started A few minutes after the smoke rose ter rific explosions echoed thrniBii the surrounding hills There were 36 planes in the first formation and they were followed almost immediately by 3G more One string of bombs fell in a valley short of the town but an other hit the southern part of Casino and seemed to gallop along highway yia ward German positions in the rear Smoke drifted high over Monte Cassino and for a while only the north end of the abbey where a pretty little tower once stood could be seen Then the smoke rose like n theater curtain and the white walls could be seen again Then 24 flying fortresses came oaring out of the morning sun inmt of the fortress bombardiers vcre short of their target and aised great clouds of dust in the But then the forts sent heir bombs crashing into the moke of the town and there was nothing to see Capt Jack Bcardwood Gen Clarks aide sauntered into our larni house and remarked I imagine the krauts are very busy at this moment It was difficult to imagine what the Ge rm a highly raised parachute dofng under this smothering at tack of steel and high explosives They had fought for every inch of the towns northern edge into which the 34th American division had battled When buildings were knocked Gcrma lot to lose another street They could not fight back now They could only scurry into the deep est holes and hope As I write this our artillery has opened up from the valley be hind us and is throwing shell after shell into the north part of Cassino Behind us the valley is filled with flashes of many British and American We had a small taste of what the Germans must have felt when PLANE ARMADA LEAVES SQUARE MILE OF RUINS home A good part ot the raiders Germany sends against England are twinengined dual purpose fighterbombers capable of carrying only a ton of explosives against the 3 tons or more that the allies 4cngined bombers tote Nazi propagandists exploited the raid on London to the fullest possible extent the Berlin radio telling theGerman public that the assault was carried out on a grand scale and asserting the raiders had unloaded large numbers of new superheavy bombs said to have great destructive power one squadron of liberators dropped a string of high explosive bombs along a hillside only a few hun dred yards from us The buildiry shook and plaster fell from the ceiling and a number of corre spondents headed for the cellar The first group of forts arrivec vcr Cassino at a m and a 23 more sailed in to be fol owcd in 7 minutes by 34 more Then came the liberators and more forts Ground Forces Charge In to Drive Germans From Towns Rubble BULLETIN London h e alliedcon trolled Cairo radio said Wednes day that fighting is in progress in the streets of Cassino which was flattened by allied bombers in a record breaking attack Wednes day morning BULLETIN An Advanced Observation Tost Outside Cassino p March 15 h c ancient town of Cassino died Wednesday under he warm spring sun Striking at he German stronghold which has blocked the road to Rome for many a weary week 520 allied bombers wrecked Cassino house by house Then hundreds of American and British artillery pieces firing a barrage that shook the entire Rapido valley broke Cassino again brick by brick Allied Headquarters Naples air power devastated Cassino Wednesday with historys greatest concentrated bombing attack and allied ground forces immediately charged in to drive the Germans from the rubble of the fortress town More than 1400 tons of bombs were hurled on a target area of less than a square mile by every type of allied plane in an armada of 3000 sorties Its goal was destruction this stronghold where the Germans have been blocking the main 5th army advance since early Jan uary British and American artillery smashed out in a heavy barrage after the morninglong bombing stopped Cassino on n main highway to Rome is 75 miles southeast of that capital and some iO miles cast of the Anzio invasion beach head Lt Gen Ira C Eaker threw every plane ot his Mediterranean allied air forces into a gigantic blow to smash the German grip on this town once and tor all They started in shortly after day light and continued pounding the town until noon Then the artillery opened its fearful barrage and the waiting infantry was films into liUlr Allied troops who had been holding about oticthird ot the city were withdrawn quietly dur ing the night to give the bomb ers a free hand First reconnaissance photo graphs developed after the attack showed that Cassino was levelled The tremendous attack had one destroy every build ing in Cassino and pulverize the ancient stone houses concealing c 5th every German in the place The rumble of the bombing hook windows ami houses in Na lcs 50 airline miles away Never before has such a weight f high explosive bombs been loured on so small an area in so short a time In intensity the raid eclipsed any ever inflicted on The first waves started at dawn then returned and reloaded to smash the same target a short ii ancient stone nouses conci d down about them the olmUcss wns blocking tin us dug into the rubble so as to kill In Army 7 Years Man Receives Draft Call With the 2nd Army Somewhere in Tennessee a little bit bothered with it all Pvt Willie Rciners sent a collect telegram to his draft board in Petersburg Va 2nd army headquarters dis closed Brief and to the point i read Sorry cannot report 13lh Already in army Doesnt Want Husband to Know Her Earnings Denver wife whispered to the income tax collector My husband didnt state enough income when he filed our joint tax return You see she confided I dont want him to know how much 1 really earn Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy time later A communique termed it a bombing operation unsurpassed Timed to splitsecond perfec tion the relays of bombers went over at intervals of every 10 or 15 minutes throughout the morn ins An army announcement said The large scale air effort against Cassino the morning oE March 15 was part of a coordi nated plan with the land forces Immediately after cessation of i the bombing at midday British and American artillery of the 5th army look up the pounding of the enemys positions in and around Cassino and our infantry pressed forward extending in a x i m u m pressure on the enemy Every unit of Lt Gen Ira C Eakcrs Mediterranean allied air forces was in action The planes ranged from singleseated fighters to great flying fortresses and lib erators Loaded to capacity they show ered on Cassino such destruction as the world probably never has seen before This operation against Cassinn was but one phase of an allout ;