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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 15, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPARTMENr OF COM AND ARCjjJJiS X THE NEWSPAPER THAT FIVE CENTS A COPY MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS t MARCH 151943 HOME EDITION TMS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECT1OKS SECTION ONE xt ADMIT STRONG GERMAN FORCE MADE ADVANCE Russians Claim to Be Continuing Gains on Route Toward Smolensk PBESS The possession of Kharkov pos sible jumpmgoff place for a third gieat German summer offense in a last desperate effort to crush Kussia was in doubt Monday as j nzls announced its recapture and Russian dispatches indicated the red army was waging a battle against ieat odds to hold that bastion of the Ukraine Nol conceding the loss of thc big steel city which they cap tured Feb 16 or even admitting fighting within the city itself the Russians nevertheless ad mitted Monday that their lines had been progressively forced back m the Kharkov area in the face of hundreds of tanks and overwhelmingly superior uerman numbers It looks as though Kharkov is gone military sources in Lon don admitted while the Germans in Mondays communique de clared their offensive northward had resulted in a bloody collapse of Russian coun terattacks west of Belgorod During the day and night red army men of one unit repulsed in cessant Hitlerite attacks the mid day communique from Moscow announced It reported the de ftvuctlotl of H enemy tanks and 60D enemy soldiers in handto Jiand fighting in one small sector Claiming a sort oC vindication for Adolf Hitlers Waffen combat units of the nazi partys elite German high rnmmand in a special communique IP Wont Concede Loss of Kharkov SOLUTIONS f fe vnuuicu viuniiail err induhMlVe had retaken Khaiko Ukraine industrial and communications center but the Rul troops were Xrfl I1L Ulac sector did not admit loss of the sis s ssriES Germanheld stronghold of lna lwaia u Sunday night announced the re capture of the city held by thc Germans from October 1941 until last Febvifary and gave the entire credit for the immediate operation the SS and the German air force The communique said thc cap ture was effected by hard ing several days and culminat ing in an encirclement operation from north and east sotith and west The Russians claimed to be Ji dinar roughshod over German fortified systems on the cen tral front but they still were at least 80 miles east of Smo lensk the key position in Hit lers positions ivcst of Moscow as they advanced alonjt the railroad from captured Vyazma The midday communique an nounced the capture nf Sem levo 14 miles ivest of Vyazma To thc northwest of Vyazma however they apparently wet within about 65 or 75 miles o Smolensk Field dispatches said they had crossed the Vyazma rive on a broad front and forced uppei Dnieper crossings To the southwest of Vyazma they apparently were much clos er as they are believed to have held for many months the posi tion of Dorogobuzh less than 50 miles southeast of Smolensk Dorogobuzh is on the Dnieper which here was a highly import ant part of the defense system r tmolensk ant5 He breaching mnM l llle might have farreachins results Jn the developing Russian offen sive As thc Russians drove from the north toward Smolensk from Bely they also claimed to be topnling Germanheld towns and villages oy the score and announced the overrunning of one huge concen tration of 200 artillery batteries Germans were n one of WARNS JAPS ARE MASSING AGAIN MacArthur Says Nippon Ships Concentrating By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Japanese are massing ships men and planes in a new threat to Australia this time at their bases to the northwest of south Pacific continent Gen Doug las MacArthur warned Monday At the same time thc Japanese were disclosed in a New Delhi communique to have recovered somewhat the initiative they lost in Burma early this year when Marsha Sir Archibald P Wavclls Indian forces launched their inva sion toward Akyab The commu nique said the Japanese in a flare UPu01 fiercc Sround fighting stabbed at the left flank ot the British positions near Hathedaun Ja miles north of Akyab and forced a readjustment of the Brit I ish lines In the wide theaters of the however American and allied flyers continued to deliver devastating blows at a Japanese convoy off New Guinea at Japa esLbases in thc Solomons and at Aleutian oasc of Kiska MacArtburs communique Mon day said that air reconnaissance ous spots in the northwestern area Thc island of Amboina is the site of a former Dutch naval station in the East Indies The stalement was the second in a MacArthur communique In less iban a month warning that the Japanese are building up formid able forces in that area either for offense or defense MacArthurs airmen meanwhile were having more difficulty in dis posing of a convoy of five mer chant ships and three destroyers approaching Wewak 230 miles northeast of Lac New Guinea than they did in wiping out a 22 ship convoy two weeks ago Fourmotored bombers flyiiijr SOO miles from their bases had attacked in murky moonlisht however and apparently sank two of thc five merchant ships and severely hit another mer chant ship and one of thc three destroyers Delayed dispatches from the north Pacific disclosed that the assault byjiberator and Mitchell 10 With Hull and Wallace WASHINGTON foreign secretary Anthony Eden here fov conferences on war and postwar problems called on tetholL rStatC MotKln sSioSlrtlut ot a senes or convcr V Accompanied by the British ambassador Lord Halifax Eden to the department mrectly from a conference with President Wallace The British foreign secretary was noncommital on the Wallace conference In reply to news men s iiuestioiis he said merely he was afraid he had nothing on that subject He planned lunch with Secre tary Knox at the navy depart ment and conferred Monday aft ernoon with Sir Arthur Sailer head of the British shipping mis sion here Tuesday Eden expecis iu confer with Undersecretary of Mate Welles and hopes before he end of the week lo have an opportunity of meeting ill cabi net members with whom he has lot already conferred He saw Join Knox and Secretary Stim jon Sunday Eden was a dinner sucst ot the resident and Mrs Roosevelt at he white house Sunday night and stayed on to see a movie depict ng the British 8th armys victory 5ethe axis almies in battling showed Auto Thieves Try to Get Gas From Station Near Police Office BUFFALO N Y tele type in the Washington street po lice station clicked out a message about a stolen automobile reii h read it then glanced across the street at a gas station A car with to Police arrested lhe two youths m t and booked them on second degree grand larceny charges growing concentration of enemy transports and cargo ships ln tic arc or Amboin Dpbo GOO and 500 miles northwest of Darwin and that the Japanese WeiC UIIU IVHIC bombers on Kiska on March m was the heaviest yet made on that Japaneseheld outpost in the Aleu tans A load of 53500 pounds of was dropped on buildings and thousands of rounds of canno and machinegun bullets pourc into defense posts Army officers hailed thc altac as the beginning ot a powerfu summer offensive against Kiska The British said Ihe Japanese had been reinforced in the Ak yab area bill told of stroiir aerial attacks on the railroad yards at Mandalay 111 uaLLllim 4 Egypt to Tripoli he film was sent to the presi it by Prime Minister Winston hurchill and Presidential Secre ary Stephen Early said Mr Roosevelt was very much im pressedby it At points it showed Americanmade General Sherman anks in action Churchill sent this letter to the chief executive My Dear Mr President I hope you uill accept thc accompanying copy of lhe new film Desert Victory which I saw last night March 4 and thought very ffood It gives a vivid and realistic picture of the battles and I know that you will be interested in the photographs of your Sherman tanks in ac tion I am having the film sent to you by air so that you may see 2 WITH VICHY LEANINGS QUIT GIRAUD GROUP Resignations Point to Closer Work by Main Factions of French ALGIERS ISt Reliable sources said Gen Jean Marie Bcr gcret a member of the Gen Hen ri Girauds war committee who has been heavily criticized as proVichy handed in his resigna tion Monday and it was accepted BcrKcrct who had hccn Gir auds assistant commander in chief was resardert by some as one of the hazards in nego tiations for unity of French Aortii African forces and thc Fishting French of Gen Charles DC Gaulle He formerly served as chief of Viehys anforces The developments came on the heels ol a speech Sunday by the nigh commissioner in which he declared he planned to clean out the last vestiges of Vichy in North Africa both measures and men Must Prepare to Build for Peace Hoover DES MOINES President Herbert Hoover told a joint session of the Iowa ture Monday that the purpose of this war the most terrible of three centuries is lo make a last ing peace Hoover escorted to the flair bedecked rostrum by three state senators and two slate representatives was given a 30 second ovation as he walked slowly down the center aisle He was introduced by Lieut Gov Robert D Blue as of Iowas most distinguished native sons who saved the lives of count less women and children in the first World war Hoover was in charge of re lief work in the European coun tries at the outbreak of the last war and later became food ad ministrator lo the United States and chief of subsistence for all the allied countries after Amer ica entered the conflict Declaring that military victory alone will not give peace Hoover said that if we are to do a better job of peacemaking this time it will be because of a better public understanding of the problems and a better preparedness to meet them Then he added and we must to think of these problems HERBERT HOOVER Lasting Peace to itiiLI illUll v iujjt Ji ULMtniS It was reported that Jean HiI on a Ial larger frame than ever gaud a political adviser who was one of the most active opponents oc any agreement with De Gaulle had also resigned Authoritative quarters announced Feb 1C that it as soon as possible I was sorry to see that you nj n uiiL you had been ill and I hope that you have fully recovered J am feel ing very much better and hope soon to return to full work had been removed from the office of minister oC interior and propaganda in he Giraud government Aside from Berjreret and Ri raud the only loi political leader of French Xorth and Africa who has been crit icized for proaxis and pro leanings is Gov Gen Auguste Xonues ot Morocco Thc next step toward imple mcntntioii of Girauds repudiation of the lasU vestiges of Vichy in fluence in French North aiufwcst Africa the formality of hsnhiv decrees repealing Vichy laws a7 one lime is expected within the next two days Thc high commissioner offered Sunday to meet DC Gaulle hair Uar busily building numerous Stamps from your GlobeGazette I nuiuuj UUS landing fields and strips nt numer UNDERSEA British r Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Much colder with ram changing to freezing rain or light Monday afternoon and Monday night Lowest tem perature Monday night in Ma son City 12 colder Tuesday forenoon strong winds IOWA Freezing rain northwest portion Monday night changing forenoon way in a union which hcsakii must be effected anioiifr ilj antiaxis Frenchmen for a rebirth of the republic Many Think Archbishop Spellman on Important Diplomatic Mission ALGIERS UR Belief grew Mommy that Archbishop Francis Spellman who broadcast an as surance of victory to allied troops in North Africa Sunday was on an important diplomatic mission for the American government The most likely subject of thc before Pointing out Hie failure to reach lasting peace throughout the centuries the former presi dent suggested that we need a new approach and then offered his conception of the new an proaches believe the new to snnw hv i r B s mlsslon was believed here night and Tuesday forenoon and liticaf cl wir frnni r west central nnvlin V ronls ot Europe approach forces which have crises These destructive forces can be grouped into six categor These are ideologies economic pressures excessive nationalist militarism imperialism and the complexes of fear hate and re venge The destruction of peace trom these sources must treaty making That isby the scttlemenl of political terri Hoover said that if these dy namic forces are successfully met JllclnsJflcc failure them in finding it and making it secure Hoover said Iliat in his view there should be no general peace conference such as Vienna or there should be no armistice Instead he suggested a condi tional peace united nations wou n clude not only the usual armistice provisions for ending combat but also the settlement of certain urgent problems which would at once establish political order and restart economic life and allow the world spiritual recovery imposed by which would Declaring the treaty of Vc Ics ism thc f ar former president said the armament central portion Tuesday forenoon Increasing wind be coming strong Inte Monday night and Tuesday forenoon Protect young livestock Rain Monday night and Tues us day forenoon with occasional thunderstorms in south and ex treme east portion Little change in temperature in the south tions and extreme east por MINNESOTA Freezing rain or him to and Airica have taken o Portugal Spain and thc Vatican Among various personages with whom be conferred were Portu e oru guese Premier Dr Antonio de Oli vcira Salazar Generalissimo Fran cisco Franco of Spain and Pope IUS drizzle changing to moderate to oiuus heavy snow early Mondav c ll Wils understood he will niglit south portion and light to President Roosevelt snow north portion except Tllc chbishop has been cc ir Lake Superior Lit trcmcy reticent aboul his trip i stated Sunday in response to a re quest for an interview mut trip ever heavy nca Jc change in temperature north and east portions and slightly colder southwest portion Mon day night Much colder Tues day forenoon south portion auuwi puriion Strong winds Monday night becoming strong gale force Tuesday forenoon except strong to gale through Tuesday fore noon near Lake Superior IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 47 Minimum Sunday night 29 At 8 a m Monday TR Rain 3 44 31 37 AGO Maximum Minimum he figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday EAR AGO Maximum Minimum as the failure of the to disarm themselves he asserted The Germans uere lowed to perpetuate a military caste whose sole purpose is war h t 1S that case Both m Germany and Japan must he put out of thc war business if Listing thc attempt to puimh thc people instead of their leaders as anolhor failure Hoover said there is he personal responsibility ii heads of stales and their associates for violations of treaties antl agreements entered into with free xviiJ loo long it has been assumed inat there is something sacred about the heads of states who pro jcct or provoke war He told his audience that the veisailles experience shows that no nation can be punished as a who o and at the same time leave any hope of lasting peace Victory with ir ii v im ri 4 IS UJ linistcr Robert Murphy before dcreat in modern world turning lo thc United States ean hiuc here it was understood ln ii bllt wc cannot have botii Hoovvr drclaied Another Rreal lesson from Versailles is that lone Period while the world is cmere ing from war to stable peace thc forces of disintegration or re newed aggression most be kept by military force And Ihe united nations will need stand on not as after Ver sailles disintegrate among them selves he added Declaring thai a second new ap proach to peace lies in thc ma chinery and method of peace mak Deadline on U S Income Taxes Near i I the last day to file 1042 income tax returns Despite the continuing controv ersy in congress over payasyou go plan cantelation of ISM1 in come taxes and other may eventually affect what is paid today 38B31560 individuals are due to pay their first quarterly installment by midnight Assistant Secretary of Trcasurv John L Sullivan in charge of en forcement said Sure people arc delaying riling returns and paying until they sec which way thc winds going lo blow But I havent the slightest doubt thai when the deadline lilt tlUitUUIJC strikes Monday night theyll lay it on the line or have it in the mails Jur people just dont do otherwise and Im confident well have the same high proportion of ontime taxpayers this year that we had last year Any hope that all the talk about payasyougo taxes and forgive ness of last years income tax bill GROUP CHOSEN IN MIDWESTERN CHIEFS PARLEY Hickenlooper Assails Federal Regulations in Farm Machinery Rations DES MOINES confer ence of nudwcstern state execu tives decided Monday to form a committee to draft a definite pro gram for the alleviation of short ages in farm labor and machinery Gov Harry F Kelly of Michi gan proposed thc committee after delegates from only three of the 12 states represented at the meet ing mid explained the situation 01 their slates in relation to the shortages and made rectifying recommendations One representative from each state was to he named to thc committee Tiic motion for its creation said Ihe committee would present its prosram for consideration later in the day Gov B B Hickenlooper of Iowa opened the conference with a declaration that federal regula Demo Governor Is Surrounded by GOP Chiefs at Parley MOINES yp Gov llcnry F Schricker of Indiana the lone democratic state chief executive attending thc farm manpower and machinery con ference was flanked by four re publican governors on oiic side and three on the other in posing for a conference group picture here Monday von are iu the middle with all these republicans craudin in on you said Gov John IV Brickcr of Ohio to Schricker And youre not kidding was Schrickcrs reply lions on the rationing o farm machinery arc impractical lo thc point of foolishness The committee H A Trovatten Minnesota commissioner of agriculture Mil lon II Button director of the Wisconsin department of agricul ture C V Ballard slate leade of county agents in Michigan Job T Brown Ohio director of ari culkire John W Ellis Missouri commissioner of agricultureJ C Mohlcr secretary of the state board of agriculture of Kansas aul Johnson professor of ari cultnrnl economics at the Jni vcrsity of Illinois E H Everson South Dakota secretary of ari cuKure Harry j RcCcI dean of agriculture al Purdue university representing Indiana W H Bro Kaw Nebraska director of eulliiral extension Ed Hasselrud Nortn Dakota extension directo r and service might brina reprieve from the deadline was dashed definitely by a Instminue joint statement secretary of agriculture Harry Linn Iowa various ivccfc he will allied lenders r with WHMVH 3 III Africa including Gen Dwighl D Eisenhower and the American cc fft 1 Slates but 1 have followed the rule not to give any statements or to give any inter views Judy Canova Wed to Soldier in England NEWTON J Jud Upj fr judy Canova smgerocomedienne of the stage radio and screen and Pvt Chester B England were married Sunday at the First Pres byterian church by the Rev Clar ence Rouse former pastor Miss Canova who obtained an amij mcnl shortly after her June 94i marriage in Honolulu lo James H Riplcy of Die army cn I if Jackson Shc Fla in 1915 ing and criticizing the long arm istice following thc first World war during which I saw thc rise of selfish nationalism Hoover asserted We must avoid the whirlpools and rocks upon which that confer ence Versailles was wrecked Yet when victorscomes after his war we must jointly with our allies again try to Icicl the world jo thc promised land across this terrible maelstrom of conflicting forces If we arc to have lasting peace H will be by cooperation with e o congressional lenders The senate committees Walter K George D Ga and Arthur II Vnndcnberg R Mich and lhe house ways and means coni ittecs Robert L Dough ton D N Car and Allen T Trcadway R Mass said No new plan now before con gress or that might come before congress changes or postpones Mondays obligation in the slight est It is the duty and the privilege of every one of us to send our fighting dollars into battle along side our fighting men The internal revenue bureau has In iin address prepared for the oneday 12statc meeting called weigh farm manpower and machinery problems in the foocl Pcduction ooais Hickcnloupcr said There arc several thousand combines in storage in various manufacturing plants jn the country that could have been available last fall and are needed now But under the ra tioningprogram they were not released One company alone bos 1 094 now on hand that it cannot sell Other farm machinery plows harrows hoes binders and uiinrau nas v ccuipment arc frozen or ratd that a 30 or GOday delay for I Pattern for their re filing returns and making Monr lmrctical to lhe point of day s tax payment could be ob tained from a laxpapers local collector if the taxpayer had a sood excuse But it uas em phasized thai the excuse had bet ter be good Even with nn air light excuse the delayino taxpay er will have to pay interest on his lax at the rate of six per cent a year Former President Herbert Hoover will address the confcr Youth Held on Charge I Shooting Father MONMOUTH III fiPj A 15 year old Monmouth high school reshman Charles Johnson was leld on manslaughter charges in he county jail Monday after the atal shooting Sunday of his fa hcr Charles Herbert Ted John ion Burlington Iowa ordnance plant worker States Attorney r Durbm Ranncy said the youth old him the elder Johnson was Baling the boys mother and that fie came to her defense with a shotgun GOV B B HICKENLOOPER ;