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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 15, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVH ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS AM Ariwwxw Resources of 2 Continents Compared EDITORS is another or a scries of articles written by IV Earl Globe Garette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 suests of the Carnegie Endow ment for International Peace House Group O K s 7Billion to British Number S By EARL HALL ABOARD THE S S SANTA LUCIA IN SIGHT OF SOUTH just about as long as I can remember Ive beeu hear ing it suggested that the superior development of North America compared with South Ameri ca stems from the fact that our lirst settlers came to the new world to make a home ivliile South Americas first settlers w e n t there to make money Today in a spirited discus sion by mem bers of our Carnegie party on the prome nade deck this EARL HALL thesis provided a most stimulating piece dc resistance It occurred to me that a resume of the thoughts offered on the subject might proj vide an ample pretext for a letter At the outset there was a era Conceding that the character of North Americas colonization and the motives back of it have played an enormous part in speed ing our continents development agriculturally industrially and culturally Conversely it was admitted that development in South America a v e proceeded faster it Europeans seeking a home rather than seek ing wealth to be sent bade to the mother and taken over MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 15 1941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT TWO SECTIONS NO 133 ARMY OF NILE READY FOR NAZIS Jut there was a unanimous re fusal lo accept the theory that a mere interchange of colonizins agencies would have or could have wrought in South Ameri ca the same degree o allaround development experienced in HID continent to the north Tn support such denial refer ence was made to numerous dif ferentiating factors between the two continents among them the following IMuch of South America is hot and humid 2 IMuch of South America con sists of Impenetrable jungle presenting a vastly more difficult problem of utilization than in land North America 3 Mountains in South America in height and vastness con stitute a far greater barrier than the mountains of North America 4 The vast river systems of I South America present an enormously greater flood control I problem than do North Americas rivers 5 South America has been dcj ficicni in the types of lumj ber which have played so im portant a role in North Americas rise South America has and is deficient in ihe highquality coal so essen tial to the steel industry And of all these deficiencies the iast one probably has bulked largest This was particularly true in the first half century of the worlds industrial development through the medium of machinery Conceivably if llic two wesf rrn continents were starling to day from scratch South America Moult be able to keep pace uitli US through a utilization of its rich potential of petroleum ami electric power But the develop ment of Ihcsc Iwo resources has come since the turn of Ihe cen tury aflcr United Stales was well on its machineage way One caimot pass oo Jiglitiy over the fact that a very substantial and influential part of South Americas population in the past has wished to keep the continents economy on an agrarian founda tion Our ambition to make bigger and better machines hasnt been present in South American think ing Another point of difference be tween North and South America brought out n the discussion here summarized was this Whereas i South Americans have sought to j preserve often as slaves the In riiany they found on arrival Cori exploitation Americans have been bent on riiplacinc even exterminating the origin set tlers Which is the more admirable is probably a Hiestiim for the IIass in ethic L U S REPORTER JAILED AS SPY BY NAZI AGENTS Germans Deny Writer Arrest Is Reprisal for Move by U S By JOSEPH W GFaCG JR tlniteil Press Staff Correspondent BERLIN C Hot telet of New York City a member of the United Press Berlin staff was arrested early Saturday on what the official news agency said was suspicion of espionage for an enemy power Hottelet still was held incom municado Saturday niclil and there was no immediate pros pect that anyone would be al lowed to visit him before early next week It was understood that the case would lake the normal proced ure under German law with a preliminary investigation to de termine whether on the basis off evidence live case should be subj mitted to trial and what the ficial charges will be j II was asscrled officially that the arrest was not in repri sal for he arrest in Xcw 1ork of Manfred Xapp American man ager of the German transocean news service and Gucuther Tonn one of his assistants It was also asserted officially that his arrest was connected purely with his private activities and had nothing to do with his jour nalistic activities Zapp and Tonn were arrested Tuesday under a federal grand jury indictment charging them with violating the act which rc ciuircd agents of foreign powers to register with the state depart ment Nazis Spring Blitz Met by R A F Raids By DEW1TT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst Herr Hitlers spring blitzkrieg seems lo have taken on a lair amount of reverse English judg ing from the fierceness with which the Royal AilForce is meeting the assault and countering with devas tating raids into Germany The sjiecl with which this crucial engagement is opening gives i clear indication of lie underlying strategy The out come pivots uii the point of whether American aid can reach Britain before Hitler can knock her out Britain cant win without our help Thus the speed with which we produce our allout aid and Britains capability Ol keeping tlie Atlantic shipping lanes open will govern tlie outcome V Britains first lord of admiralty A V Alexander declared Friday that a British victory will not if the empire can hang on until American aid is received He added tlat Britain is facing per haps the most crucial stage of ihe war in which the navy is called upon to play a very great part j He might have added that the Avar likely will be won or lost in this pliasc of the tattle of Britain out of which lias grown he socalled battle of he Al lautic This doesnt necessarily mean that the conflict uill be finished but it does mean that the comine of summer may see Ihe number of one side or the other up Whether the first lord is rather optimistic in predicting a quick British victory remains to be seen Hitler might win a quick victory if I Britain doesnt gel our help soonj enough and if he has enough re serve power for the knockout But he might lose the battle of Britain and still bang on for a consider RAF Opens Drive on Nazis LEGISLATIONS DEBATE STARTS NEXT TUESDAY Think F R to Assure U S Defense Not to Be Weakened by Aid WASHINGTON lioue subcommittee approved Salurdav a apropriation for aid to Great Britain and cleared the way for debute on the Icfiisla1 lion in begin next Tuesday The full appropriations com miltec will meet Tuesday morning to report lie measure formally Chairman Woodrum D Vn of the uljcommittce said that plans called tor a final vote in the house not later than Wednesday Believe Man Who Killed Girl Identified KAKSAS CITY dis closed Saturday they had traced Ihe iale of Ihe hammer and knife with which Leila Aclele Welsh was slain At the same time John V Saiinders St Joseph Mo adver tising man said lie saw a man running from the vicinity of the Welsh home last Sunday morning about the time the attractive for mer school teacher is believed to have been killed j Both weapons were purchased March 0 three clays before Miss j Welsh was slain by an egotistical j sadist who left a fourinch initial Ihe U A F ushier Wine new and more powerful bombers dropped the campaign if caution imposed hy superiority of supplies and opened a developing offensive asainst Germany anil GcnnanbDld points on the cnntincul Informed quarters iJidicatccl hat Britain s flyers had been held in check ncnrtinff passage of the leaselend bill m the United Stales The above map indicates the ionics apparently taken by new and oldlypc Brilish bombers in raids on major objectives LOOK INSIDE FOR liottclet was arrested at the apartment which 1 share with him by six men who identified period themselves as agents of the Cos tape the secret police 1 myself j Thp Germans again Friday night held incommunicado in the i heavily bombed the great ship yards along tie River Clyde in Scotland Here asain is emplia thc battle of the Atlantic for apartment for nearly three hours The United States embassy made E immediate inquiries Hottelels arrest Un to early Saturday aflcr noon neither the embassy nor the United Press had been able to communicate with Hottclct lie was held at the AlexAn dcrplalz police headquarters arrest was first an nounced by the official agency which said hat he representa tive of an American news agency had been arrested early this morning as being highly sus pected of espionage for an enemy power V B ZAmMittag first of the afternoon newspapers published the official agency announcement on its second page under the headline Arrested For Espion age Six officials who identified themselves us from the Gestapo knocked on the door of our apart ment in the 17th district waking to Hottelet They requested him dress and leave with them The officials immediately hc Kan lo search Ihe apartment go injr through all papers I was awakened by the noise and ihe lights in the living room I found he officials goiHf throughper sonal property of which some nas IloltcJcts some mine At my request the officials re idcntitied themselves as from thcj Gestapo They told me there was nothing against me bul 1 was noli pci mitted lo speak to Hotteict or leave the apartment or to telei phnirc HotieJc dressed and was away by a Gestapo man The officials refused to tell me what charge had been made apaiiist Uotlelcl They said I could dress bathe and shave and have breakfast if I desired the purpose of the nazis is to pre vent the British from replacing ships which the LTboafs sink This submarine campaign lias become the big problem of tlie moment for the British The Royal Air Force has been hold ins its own against the nazi air men but Britain needs more equipment to cope with the U boat scourge which is threatenr ine o sever Hie shipping lanes and thus halt American aid British Minister of Shipping Cross Friday admitted I say frankly thrt we are going lo be faced with a really hard struggle at sen this year And FridayI night the admiralty announced j appointment of Admiral Sir Percy I Noble as commander in chief ifj the western approaches to Britain These western approaches are vital for movement of American supplies to Britain since her big I eastern and southern ports have been largely put out of action for transAtlantic shipping because of the proximity of the German bases along live channel Most of our aid must enter through the west One of the greatest weak nesses of the IJritish defense for Ihis lifeline o America is lack of Irish naval bases In the World war these bases played at important parl in Ihe allied dcfcal of the German sub marine campaign Now the Hritisn tack of these bases is a tremendous asset to Hitler The press association j which is close to the government taken i prcdicls Ilanic struggle over these sealanes Certain it is that a lot of our handiwork will find i a place in Davy Joness locker bc i fore the fight is finished No a nn u n cement was mailc roncMiiinc icnucsls Hint miglil have been made by members In change any ol the separate talu corics in I he hill or for divid ing the S7 000000080 into tun liarls niic outright cash and the i t n e r contract authorization Such rciuesls had been dis cussed by some members President Ilooseveli informed legislators said Saturday will tell Ihe American people iii his radio inscribed on her leg in her blood w v PoliceChief L B licwl said a north side second hand dealer who specialized in second hand rail road equipment told him he had sold the hammor found hv Miss Welshs beside to j vwmi man Reed declined to disclose the deal ers identity or his description of the customer Louis Aliiort a hardware dealer luld police he hail sold the knife ti a stocky man about who insisted it be sharpened at the lime nf the purchase Saunders was slancljtiij in corner a block north if Welsh home at Sunday morning an hour after Miss Welsh had re his attention was at tracted hy a man running from I the south THINK 150000 BRITISHTROOPS LAND IN GREECE Air War Increases as Germany and Britain Are Bombed Heavily I5y HAKKISOX SAUSBUKY Unilei Press Staff Correspondent G r c i t Imperial Artny of the Nile was be lieved Siiturclay to lie ready for action on the Greek front possibly ignnst Italys KllAXK B HOGAN Held in Slaying of Woman in Florida PAGE L Veteran Publishers Are Honored by IPA STATE PAGE Mohawks Maroons in District Finals SPORTS PAGK I lie President of Turks Sends Hitler Note BERLIN official German news agency said Satur day a high Turkish foreign office iffieial arrived in Sofia Bulgaria Friday enrome to Gtrmanv with a handwritten message from Turi keys president to Adolf Hitler A mcsase from Hiller was de livcrcd lo Turkish President Jsmet Iiinim at Ankara Ijy a 5 man commission March 4 Qual ificd sources said lhal Ihe note i declared the nazis wished to i look aflcr Turkeys inlcrcsls I and wellbeing Official fiuartcrs iiovever said the message would iiave little feet on the proBritish policy of i the country TURKISH POLICY UNCHANGED ISTANBUL for eign policy remains unchanged Germanys occupation of Bulgaria the newspaper Ikdam in sisted Saturday After flic occupation of Bul 1 Earia the Eden anil Hill visit I and the fuehrers special note o our prcsidcnl Turkeys position j seems in inlcrcsl everyone i Ikdam said Our position rc mains llc same I Turkey is a nonbelligerent I ally of Britain bound by mutual assistance ties lo oppose anv act of aggression leading to war in tlie eastern Mcditcrrancnn Those iiCR were said officially to have been lightened as a result I of recent conferences between 1 Turkish leaders and British Forj cign Secretary Anthony Eden and I General Sir John G Dill chief of the British imperial general staff The Eden and Dill visit showed Turkeys relation remained ihe i we will always be i loya to our lilies Ikdam contin jucd As for Millers special coin imunicalion this should not br j considered nioic rhan a sign yt address Saturday night that he has no inleiition of weakening this countrys fleet in order to help Britain and other nations under the 57000000000 leaselend pro gram Ttiesc sources expressed be lief that the chief executive would make a rather definite statement on the subject of re leasingnaval vessels and would assure the public thai under na circumstances would the Ameri can navy lie placed in an unbal anced stale The prediction aUo was made that lie would call for speed in ship production and make a new appeal for a united nation behind the defense program Some meni old a man to be running there l islands Frencl Syria as A significant Cairo dis patch said Sattmlav haf Gen Sir Archibald VVnvclls forces were ready to meet the Germans on my Iwttle ficltl Adolf Hitler picks in the Mediterranean Balkan area This was bclicveil Lo uuli i cute that Ihe movement of a I ritish expeditionary force lo reported in pri vate advices to the Juitcrl Pixss throe days may he complete or nearly so v Siic of this force was ustimnlccl it was strange tor in other near eastern advices at thit time of the morning so I tried to get a glimpse of his lite It was tanned and lined as if he had spent years of his life in outdoor work He was middlciiged and not too well dressed Saunders said he believed he would recognize the man if he saw him again Heed hag Indicated the slayer Is known and an arrest will be made as soon as a few remaining bits of evidence arc fitted into the case He lias refused to pre dict when that might he Miss UclsJi wa found dead in j bed her hcnd smashed and her throat slit when her mother Airs George W Welsh unnt t 150UUU to men bul Ihis seemed to lie an overestimate un less part the BritiXi force has been sent into Turkey There was no indication turn imminent clash between Brit ish and German forces on ihe Greek battlefield may be but it was doubted that either side would Ions delay in feeliHK out opponent Balkan events moved against a background of everincreasing ail war between Britain HIK Gcr mony i i The air force made heavv raids on Britain Friday night but London reporter lhit German KGLO Broadcasts F Rs Message lmlo llic imnorlaiiciof the presidents message lo Hie na tion KGLO will broadcast he talk from lo oclock Sal urduy niffltl instead of nirinjj the district basketball finals from Iowa Falls al that lime as was originally planned How ever llic cage finals will be heard from lo and following President Roosevelts talk tion might be made about strikes in defense industries il was re ported K shirt iiid ijccti stuffed into throat wound The luuiuncr was found beside her bed The knife wis stuck into the ground outside the window through which tde rvidentlj ontered and left the bedroom Nearby was a pair ol gloves and tn i neighbors yard wiis a piece of Miss WelslTs hip which had been sliced off by the killer is of new night bombing dc n i to Reach nf Or cao n nearly three hours The Gestapo D men were most polite and most U correct They refused to search my bedroom though I offered toi GLASGOW UK Rescuers permit them to do so They slvuSSled Saturday lo reach a asked which papers belonged Hottelet and which to me to number of persons buried under tons of debris in Friday nights second successive nazi mass attack MARINES REACH BERMUDA f B tee L iV TUCUC1S l3Und icnsc base many incendiary bombs FORECAST lOHA Ifostly cloudy with seasonable tcmpcralurc Satur day nislil Sunday occasional lijlit snow cold wave Sundaor Sunday strong norlhwcsl winds Sunday MINNESOTA Occasional lighl snow Saturday night and Sun day cold wave with strong1 northwest winds Sunday and norduvcst and westcentral Sat urday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Satur day Maximum Friday Minimum in Xighl Al 8 a m Siiturclav rrccipilalion Snowfall YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum No official statement has been made yet but observers believed it probable that President Ismct Inonus reply had been sent lo the Turkish ambassador at Berlin for delivery Premier Rctik Saydam is ex pectcci to address the nations as sembly March 19 and he may dis cuss foreign affairs As a new indication of the conn trys defense measures the paper Vakit said 200 parachutists would make a test landing Sunday at an undisclosed point beside the strategic Bosporus the Black sea and end of the passage to and from ihe Mediterranean which include the Dardanelles Mr will speiik at p m central standard time i while attending Ihe annual ban i quci ol the white house corre spondcnls association His half hour address first ever to be made before llc newsmens organization will be broadcast over all major networks through more than 500 KtxiotK vml viu be transmitted abroad in languages More than GOO persons will be in the presidents immediate au dience includingSecretary Hull and other cabinet members su preme court justices Lord Hali fax the British ambassador and other diplomats Wendell I Uillfcio the 1910 republican presidential miniincc members of conarrcss ami newsmen Congrcksiinal sources iaid Mr liodsevclt would endeavor In set al iist contentim made during the UK leaselend hill ALBAUGH CASE TRANSFERRED Schoolboy Will Be Tried in Juvenile Couii for Murder HKS MOIMiS i bmgh Hi year old schoolboy hold charge of nuird DCS Mnine on i prclimiiuirv will be tried in These defenses include mght fighters which have had notable succes ince the reneival of mass night ihr war four days ago and heavy imtiyircrntl file which nis described by the Brit ish war office ls the most intense ever loosed in the British Isles The Kuval Air Force vas hnrlniK an estimated 200 lo 00 planes in a nifrlilly offensive against German targets and started offensive patrols over German airdromes in France to catch returning nazi raid ers and smash up the fields on which they must land Jugoslavia appeared to be still ihe fence in the lug of war wing waged by Germany to briiiR her mi attiludc mav he affected by lie vtrui J nc Brilisiv and Crcck7igiin Atj German ntlacl from Bulgaria Hie Laiio Ijtutcd Prev Kiclunct clispatch filed hv Siiff Conespondenl hinted MI iiiUmL irieci in McivLiLim nmtcci ilroirly juvenile com instead ol criminal j confirmiilion ui u t Unite three Polk county griiul july Friday trniiifcrrcd the voiilhs case to juvenile court ana recom mended that no more serious charsc than manslaughter be con sidered Tile slightly built youth was charged with murder after his manual training instructor A II Horsburgh fil died of a frac tured skull March li Inspector of Delcctives Jack Bropiiy sairf witnesses n the bny struck the lonelier fisl m tiir manual iii2 shop a net that striking his head against and then days ago thai a British expedition ary force has been landed ir Grcccc from Egypt TYoiii tuo other near sources in the last hours OK Umlecl Pres has inde jjcndeiit mlormaticn tending oear out ihe rcjiort One of these Jjtnces estimated that the British had possibly 150000 to troops up to the Creel Jack xirted i Tiii criinatc appeared tn be ualcs thc British have moved force inlr ii lcllrillkey Such move would be in dnor with that action again After a hearing in juvenile court mi charges Albatisjii i may be paroled nr scnlenced to n i until lie is veirs nn Judsr loscnii K Meyer ofj T T p O 71 08 One inch i HAUKTMAN IN LONDON LONDON A I Ianilium fa special representative uf Prcsi dent RooscvcH lo Unidini arrivrd al Bristol jijrporl Saturdav declared Bclicvo me that ns j to the war the American 1 certainly mean business people iiionlv i cash ol i balanced fleet incl be i j ncuCr and bolter i ships later on Juvcmlc rnurl was expected Meanwhile a house appropri llcanlR dalc alions subeommillcc planned lo cnmplclc hearings and vtarl clraftiiiK Ihe S7000000000 lease lend approprialions bill Satur Ynknhama CrmrAnA day Both democratic and re i UKUIlama PuWicajj leaders siid il would Wf U he taken up hy the house Tups Tr uu day and probably disposed of Although nn real opposition has developed some senators Mill talked nf the possibiiitv of moves to make piirtof Ihe fund available and Ihe rest in contract anI slantiiiif advice Mr Roocvclt asked r floor Me hiosccl into I Uxtecinec inlands and ness and died the fol be mpcmiiny MiAIillans dispatch rcvralrd that the Imperial Army f the Nile had been husely reinforced and said that Ihe Royal Air Force ami Royal Navy as suriils routes of troops snp phrs and material ric itoHbtlity ti Action in syrn in i e poils jevcral quyrtev Both Cairo and Vichy rcporied Friday init lisorticrin Uie Krcnch Levant are irnrcaing Vichy at Iribtitctl tlicm In food but men tioned natiijnalii students artaips Cairo attributed Syrian rbinjr fcc rcrith YOKOHAMA PThe islaPd hue can hner President Iiercc sailed i been subjected henvv aii at lor the bniterl Stales Saturday Hci by ilr all vrr ri evening crowicd American mcuxvould be in pvrar leaving the CVifnl Aniiriais the Orient have been under li from Wasiiinuton go home unless they have com ih polling icasonfor staying Kgypi ici by jnrlm lrnj nr merely ie iinied n kcou enemy ir luuc itiiictivi winle Brit Dinving froir Aeaem ;