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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 15, 1939, Mason City, Iowa His r weu AS T Dpr or JOWA COMP Ci S H I N 3 u NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS f FIVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY INARCH 151939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION OKE NO 134 NAZIS GET BOHEMIA MORAVIA X X X JC K X U u It It f ByPkULMALLQK Slicing Up of Czech Land Completed Joins ffnfry Patriots Boo Cry Pfui Swastika Flies Over What Was OnceFree Land NEWS BEHIN FTC Warning Turns Out to Be Ickesism S a v i n g the world Is becoming such a compli cated business the antimonopoly committee has just about decided to let it go until next year For one minor point the federal trade commission warning that the steel price basing system i s imperiling capitalism is to unheeded turned out in go It to known Washington as an Ickesism meaning loud and alarming but not neces sarily serious Paul Ballon and time finding out it is not cricket for steel companies to charge freight rates that are not actually incurred There is no question about it for the reason that the big steel companies with many i branches would murder theiujsmall independent competi F OBbasis Instead of brealong ujTtlie trust the reform woulcfaboHsh the in dependents arid throw their em ployes out of work Instead de centralizing the industry it would probably result in concentration ot manufacturing on the Atlantic seaboardnearest the largest steel markets raising havoc with plants as near as Pittsburgh which could not meet the freight rate differen tial Fact is most other new deal de partments were disgusted their word with handling of the steelprice case They can do nothing about it Steel is the FTC end of the show But they can do their nothing in an affirmative and vigorous way which is what they are doing f Taylor Talks to F R In that recent economy confer ence at the white house 81 year old Chairman Edward Taylor of the house appropriations commit tee talked to President Hoosevelt as a president has seldombeen talked to It was a short spon taneous lecture on the ethics of recent white house relations with congress What burned Mr Taylor most was FDRs step in slapjing back a demand for 5150000000 more PUBLIC SAFETY BILL PASSED BY HOUSE 97 TO 9 Measure Now Goes to Iowa Senate for Action on Amendments DBS MOTOES a one sided vote the Iowa house Wed nesday passed the public safety bill pivotal state government con solidation measure The vote was 97 lo 9 The bill how goes back to the senate which passed it or iginally for concurrence in amendments In the closing arguments Rep resentative Qustave Alesch Marcus assailed the consolidation measure as a effort and said Hitler and Mussolini fol lowed the same tactics Felsen Asks Passage Asking passage of the measure Representative Dean W Peisen Eldora called it the basic bill in this major consolidation program Six of the dissenters dem ocrats The Iowa house voted down a HUN6ARY BEGINS OCCUPATION FIGHTING REPORTED B3tt E R M A N Y Slicing up of the CzechoSlovakian republic was completed Wednesday when Germany took over aftcr Slovakia declared its independence and Hungary continued to advance in Car patnoUkraine Reiehsfuehrer Hitler became the protector of Bohemia and Moravia drive to exempt the state highway patrol from strike duty following a bitter debate in which such terms as liar and advocates of disorder resounded through the chamber Vote on the amendment by WilliamJudd Clinton was 45 ayes and 58 noes The Judd pro posal sought to changethe word ing of the industrial disputes section of the public safety de partment bill Johnson Leads Attack Leading the attack on the Judd amendment Representative Elmer A Jojinson Cedar Rapids as serted Vfo man can say that police no matter what organization ot police it may be should not be used for the purpose of protecting individuals in their persons and their property No man can stand here and defend this amendment without saying he is an advocate of disorder in cases of industrial strife Johnson left his seat shortly after completing his talk During his absence Judd asked permis sion to question Johnson The Linn representative was not avail able Judd thereupon asserted Opposed by Labor If Linn county labor has any representative here it must be ZS Gardner Johnsons If any bod y says the supporters of Frank Wenig Arrives on Spreading Strike Front Drivers Union Pickets Marshall and Swift Plant Frank Wenig Minneapolis for mer Iowa labor commissioner and now with the U S department of labor conciliation service arrived on Mason Citys spreading strike front Wednesday morning Although sent here on the spe cific assignment to seek a settle ment of the E G Morse strike Mr Wenig a former resident of Spen cer and well known among Mason City residents also conferred with members of the unions involved in the laundry strike Mr Wenig conferred first Wed nesday morning with representa tives of the packing house union on strike in the E G Morse plant and later in the day met with H J Bryant attorney for the Morse establishment Mr Morse with drew all workers in the this law lisr amendment are opposed to and order he is a dn Representative Leo Hoegh Chariton asked Representative CZECH TRADE TREATY RUINED FRANK 1VEMG Tuesday Plans Meeting That Conciliator Wegman who has settled strikes on previous occasions was pouring oil on the troubled waters was indicated Wednesday afternoon when W W Elliott business agent of the packing house workers stated there were prospects that con tending parties in the Morse strike would meet either Wednes day evening or Thursday morn ing At a meeting of our local Tuesday night we voted to boy cott the Lyons Ideal American of relief the week after congress i Frank Hallagan Des Moines I and and Marshall and Swift laundry had cut his relief appropriation that much You oughtnt fo Have done that said Mr Taylor in substance Congress passed a law andit was up to you to administer it Congress doesnt like tobe treated that way by a democratic presi dent Even colleagues of Taylor were surprised by the vehemence of his remarks Also Resists President Another show of congressional resistance which did not leak out was exhibited in the same confer ence by Representative George Johnson of West Virginia Aftcr the presidents long re cital of WPA needs Johnson brought up the question of WP A political activities He gave Mr Hoosevelt an intimate picture of the situation in West Virginia which was anything but encour aging to democratic political suc cess in 1940 Many a democratic legislator probably s majority has come to the opinion that WPA political activities are among the greatest liabilities the administration will carry into the next election Statement Is Voluntary Nobody asked the federal re serve board abou prices prior to its weekend blast against price control plans The statement was voluntary Apparently the admin istration has become skittish about growing sentiment in congress for a farm price guarantee the Thomas amendment authorizing FSB to stabilize prices etc Cojrilot KJnr Inc judge advocate of the Iowa na tional guard if a detachment of patrolmen could have accom plished the law and order needs ofthe 1938 Newton and Sioux City strikes In my opinion any group now acting as a patrol could not have handled either the Newton or Sioux City situations Hallagan cleaning establishments said Burma Asks Question Representative Henry W Bur ma Allison wanted to know just how union labor stood on the question He said labors represen tatives had issued conflicting statements on the pending chain store tax act one witness saying lie favored it and the other say ing he opposed it The house waded through 14 amendments to the safely bill be and the Schermerhorn and Very i Best dairies as unfair to labor said Mr Elliott who also is presi dent of the unity council of all C I O and A F of L organiza tions In Principle Only We are seeking closed shop only in principle he added The statement that this is not a closed shop town however isnt entirely in conformity with the facts There are 30 drivers closed shop contracts and the Lehigh cement plant is also operated on that basis Mr Bryant attorney for the Morse plant stated that we will be glad to meet with them at any time in an effort to settle this matter i Depends on Unions and still compete with the Mar shall and Swift plant Not Unionized The Marshall and Swift plant is not unionized so the only way to enforce a strike there was to picket it the union man explained Wages in the higher brackets in the Marshall and Swift plant are now below the level called for in the contracts which have been presented to the other two laun dries he asserted Arleigh Marshall of Marshall and Swift when contacted Wed nesday said that the plant never had paid below the prevailing scale of wages in Mason City and probably never would in the fu ture and that he was at a loss to understand the reason for the picketing We have attempted to stay out of the strike difficulties as much as possible he asserted We be gan Tuesday morning turning down orders from persons or firms whom we knew to be regular cus tomers of the other two plants On Percentage Basis Tor the past six years our dry cleaning department has been paic on a percentage basis which has meant very good earnings for em ployes and in all probability the earnings in this department under this plan will be as high or lughei than the scales that may be set up in any union contract in any loca plant C M Lyons president of Lyons i Laundry and Dry Cleaners Inc Move by Hitler Is Expected to Stimulate Program of Defense WASHINGTON UPJ Sitlers assumption oE a protec torate overCechoSlovakia ap peared Wednesday to hav wrecked theUnited StatesCzec reciprocal trade agreement That was the only definite re action to the occupation of th izecho provinces CzechoSlov akia by German troops There wa no official comment but it was ex pected that Hitlers move woul stimulate conugressional action on President Roosevelts continenta defense program Officials at the Czech ministrj including Minister Vladimir Hur ban refrained from issuing an statements Unofficial Czech sources pre dieted that Germany was makin mistake recalling that th Czechs had fought the Austro Hungarian empire for nearly 20 years They said Germany creating for itself a problem sim ilar to the Irish problem to Grea the Czechs woul not take the German action pas sively state funds He referred to the political power of any organization with 75000 members They got this money before he said and they might get it from the department again The house finally changed the section to limit funds for safety education to those specifically ear marked for that purpose and to require all participating organiza tions to file a report of receipts and expenditures with the state 4 fore recessing until the afternoon Whether Mr Wenig will enter t statedhe conferred with officials Alesch brought the safety council u question back to the legislative wars with a vain effort to strike the section which would permit the safety department to coop erate with such organizations as the Iowa State Safety council in education work Earmark Educational Funds Asserting his friendliness to the council Alesch nevertheless said the council had illegally benefited by the expenditure of S25800 of Lyons Laundry and Dry Cleaners I found that in both the dry Inc will depend on whether the cleaning and the laundry depart the maUcr to thements that pur wage rate was equal to or higher than the one in HENLEIN NAMED BOHEMIAN HEAD Sudetenland Fuehrer Now Administrator of Newest Addition BERLIN Hitler sent his armies into Czech territory Wednesday to enforce a newly declared protectorate and appointed a military governor and two civil administrators for Bo hemia and Moravia The following appointments were announced to seal the fate of Czech territory under German rule Konrad HenTein the fuehrer of Sudetenland as civil administra tor of Bohemia the largest Czech area Henlein who has been com missioner of the Sudetenland was the chief nazi leader in the long campaign leading up to the Mu nich settlement Josef Bucrckel commissioner of Austria as civil administrator of Moravia Gen Von Gablenz as German military governor of Prague CROWDS HISS IN RAGUE WHILE TROOPS ENTER Some Patriots Sing Czech Anthem Cheers for Germans Heard SITUATION IN BUIEF By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS BochmischLeipa Adolt Hitler crosses into Bo hemia with German armies tak ing over CzechoSlovakia ex pected to enter Prague Friday general pro claims authority over all Bo hemia in Hitlers name as troops occupy capita without resis tance crowds shout pfui at German conquerors brings Bo hemia and Moravia under nazi rule after Czech president ca pitulates to Hitlers demands London Chamberlain says he bitterly regrets German move visit of British trade del egates to Germany cancelled Budapest Hungary backs advancing troops with ultima tum to CarpathoUkraine de manding complete surrender Wednesday Hungarians near Polish frontier Paris Germany informs France of absorption of Czech territory with implied warning to keep hands off without op posing Hitlers conquest makes diplomatic inquiries in Berlin as lo German plans for old Czecho slovakia meets with cabinet for discussions believed to include newest nazi coup pleased by prospect of frontier with Hun gary but uneasy over increasing German power formal recogni tion given new Slovak republic under German control PRAGUE troop of occupation were hissed an cheered Wednesday as they move into the once proud capital of Ire CzechoSlovakia Cheers of German welcomer were interspersed with the hiss ing of Czech patriots and cries o Pfui pfui go back home Som patriots sang the Czech nationa anthem Two persons were rep or i ed struck by German milita automobiles There were no ser Sous disorders however Ends Czech Sovereignty The entry of Adolf Hitlers bat talions marked the end of Czec sovereignty in the shattered re public which dissolved Tuesda after the Hitlerinspired secessio Slovakia which followed in th wake of the Munich dismember ment The eastern division of Czecho Adolf occupied by Hungaria department A general tieup of laundry plant operations in Mason City was threatened Wednesday with the decision of the general drivers union to picket the Marshall and Swift plant in order to assist members of the Launderers Cleaners Dyers and Pressers local union who are on strike at the Ideal American laundry and the Lyons Laundry and Dry Cleaners Inc The attempt to prevent the Marshall and Swift plant from ac cepting further orders for the dur ation of the strike resulted ac cording to Joe Pease business agent of the union from assertions by the managers of the two strike bound plants that they could not Ibe expected to pay higher wages effect at the Marshall plant he said I sought this information in order to be able to talk intelligent ly with the union representatives 2 Melrose Business Buildings Destroyed CENTERVILLE de stroyed two business buildings in Melrose Tuesday night One building a garage contained five cars that could not be removed Chariton and Albia fire depart ments called to help checked the flames before they could do much damage to a hotel drug store and nearby residence Der Fuehrer Steps on Bohemian Soil as Conqueror BULLETINS BERLIN UP he official German news agency an nounced Wednesday night that Chancellor Hitter entered Fragile capital of shattered CzechoSlovakia at p in p m C S T BULLETIN BOEHSHSCHLEIPA Germany Hitler entered Bo hemia on his way to Prague at p m Wednesday He arrived at this Sudeten border town on the Bohemian frontier at 3 p m The streets were lined by rows of spectators many files deep who had naited for hours for the fuehrer to arrive despite a heavy snow storm After a short halt Hitler left the town and at set foot for the first time upon the soil of his latest acquisition BERLIN Hitler protector of Bohemia and Moravia sponsor and guarantor of Slovakia joined his vast cavalcade of soldiers pouring into Chattered CzechoSlovakia Wednesday while Czechs cried hitter pfuis at his tanks rumbling through the streets Prague The swastika flies over Bohemia and Moravia which have become in effect merely parts of the greater German reich and probably will be less independent than most pro tectorates Lack Common Name shornof armies andpowerovertheir foreign affairs and lacked even a common name Informed persons said that Chancellor Hitler would reach Prague on Friday and that the interval would be used by blackuniformed SS the security make sure that no untoward inci dent would attend the fueh troops German occupation ot th Czech western part Bohemia and Moravia was agreed upon in Ber lin Tuesday night when Emil Hacha former Czech president placed the area under Hitlers pro tection Crowds Demonstrative Hitler was on his way to join his marching legions Huge crowds were massed along Prague streets as the troops moved in At times the tal version ot the Bronx were so loud that they could be heard blocks away The crowds Halifax Says Shock Given to Confidence LONDON fj Foreign Secre tary Viscount Halifax declared Wednesday that Germanys march into Bohemia and Moravia was bound to administer a shock to confidence all the more regret table since confidence was begin ning to revive The foreign secretary in solemn tones told the House of Lords that The German government has now without so far as 1 know any communication with the other three signatories of the Munich agreement sent their troops be yond the frontier which was there laid down Britain France and Italy were the other signers of the Munich ac cord A few minutes before he made his declaration Halifax an nounced that a proposed visit of Overseas Trade Secretary R S Hudson to Berlin had been post poned as a result of the German occupation of Bohemia and Mo ravia Was Not Contemplated 1 do not want to make any specific charges as to breach of faith Halifax said but I cannot admit that anything of the kind that has now taken place was iri the minds of his majestys govern ment at the time of Munich or was in any way contemplated As he spoke Prime Minister Chamberlain began to address the house of commons Taunted by Laboritcs When Chamberlain rose t o speak government supporters cheered taunts and laborites Conservatives shouted angrily uediu OIUCKS away ine crowuSfr grew more demonstrative as shouted shut up to quell the The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Wednesday night and Thursday not so cold in extreme west Wednesday night Tvarmer Thursday MINNESOTA Fair Wednes day night and Thursday except unsettled in northeast Wednes day night colder northeast Wcdnesflay night rising tem perature Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 48 Minimum Tuesday night S At 8 a m Wednesday a Preclp 03 nch Snow 30 inch troops increased in number Here and there the troops were encouraged by cries from Ger man groups wearing swastika armbands It was the most lifeless and colorless reception that Ucichs Fuehrcr Hitlers troops had re ceived since the fuehrer started his expansion program The contrast between Wednes days reception and the flowers and kisses with which nazi troops were welcomed when they occu pied Sudetenland last October was striking The crowds were moody When open disapproval or in the case of the not being freely displayed people were grimly silent the SECONTD TWIN BORN JASPER Ind weeks to the day after the birth of Wit Ham Joseph Scherle a twin broth er was bom Wednesday to Mrs Robert Scherle at her home here The prime minister repeated Halifaxs statement that Ger manys action could not be re garded as having been brought about in accord with the spirit of the Munich agreement At the same time he reiterated amid cheers from government benches his defense of the Munich agreement saying I have no doubt that the course we took was right rers triumphant entry into the ancient capital of old Czechoslovakia This is in keeping with a practice observed during two previous entries into capitals of annexed territory Soldiers Arrive Early His soldiers were in Prague in the snowy morning They had occupied the castle Their war machines on wheels pushed through streets packed with hos tile men and women who jeered or were grimly some who cheered Just east of newly protected Bohemia and Moravia stood Slo vakia Europes newest day old and squarely under the reichs guarantee Any German who wants to fly the swastika in Slovakia may do so Ncw Ultimatum Given Further on in the path of Hit lers drive to the easl Carpatho Ukraine was being occupied by Hungarys army obviously fay ar rangement with Germany The local government there got a new ultimatum from Hungary to hand over all actual powers In the Hungarian general staff by 3 p m Wednesday night 1 p m C S T Czech troops were on their way out in capitulation to an earlier ultimatum from Buda pest In snow sleet and slush Ger manys armed hardened by warless poured over the BohemianMora vian borders The zero hour for capitulation wus 6 oclock Wed nesday morning Soon Pilsens beer and bullets were in the German armys hands and troops moved on to Prague CzcchoSIovaliia Dead The tricolorcd flag of the state that was had been hauled down from Hradccny castle as early as 9 a m 2 a m C S soon after that Hitler joined his troops at an undisclosed place on the way in Several hours later another group of statesmen started by spe cial train from Berlin for Prague They included President who now signs state papers as representative of Bohemia and former C eels Foreign Minister Frantisek Chvil kovsky now a diplomat without a job Seizure of Prague demonstrated to the world that CzechoSkivakia as a state is dead in Jewelry at Waterloo Is Stolen WATERLOO rings and lockets valued by the shops proprietor at S300 were stolen Tuesday night after a bur glar smashed a heavy plate glass show window at the Charles Ten enbaum jewelry store here in the heart of the East business district and reached for his loot Police i the checked also Wednesday a of BohemiaMoravia to ihn glary of East junior high school but Principal Hart Taylor said nothing had been taken remainder of the German would take was something vvlmh 1 Hitler was pondering spc ;