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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 14, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION ULillif VOL urn Associated Pren United Pros Full Leued Wins Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 14 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One So EYE PUBLIC HEARINGS ON U S AID RUSSIAN PRESS RADIO CHARGES INTERFERENCE Say U S Move Directed Against Democratic Elements in Greece London Russian people got their first news Friday of PresidentTrumans proposal for United States aid to Greece and Turkeyin soviet press and radio reports characterizing the move as new interference in the business of other states directed against democratic elements in Greece Izvestia Soviet government newspaper was reported ina Mos cow dispatch to have published a pageone editorial Friday morning charging interference and declar ing that Truman did not take into consideration either the interna tional situation or the sovereignty of Greece in his Wednesday mes sage to congress The Moscow radio heard here carried on its morning news broad cast in Russian a Washington dis patch from TASS Soviet news agency which said in part Trumans message is openly directed against the democratic elements in Greece who are de defending the democratic institu tions in the country and who are called a militant minority in the message In New York Thursday night NBC reported that the British Broadcasting company had heard a Moscow radio broadcast beamed to Greece which termed Mr Tru mans proposal a danger to the peace and harmony among the na tions of the world Meanwhile an official British spokesman hereThursday said the presidents speech was very much in accord with Britains views Winston Churchill Friday said Trumans appeal increased chance of the maintenance of world peace and world freedom more than any other step taken recently If such a step had been taken by the United States before the last war it would have stopped it Britains wartime prime minister declared If it had been taken after the first war still more would it have stopped it it had been taken before 1914 peace might have been pre served and we should have all been living in E far happier world I am quite sure it is our duty and will be the opinion of the great majority of the people of this country to welcome the decisions which have been reached in the great republic across the Atlantic I could not say this without also saying that our policy is one as I do not doubt is the policy of the United States of friendship for Russia but friendship from strength not appeasement from weakness In messages to Mr Truman King Georre n of Greece said U S assistance in restoring free democratic institutions and ex pediting economic recovery in Greece would help in strengthen ing world peace and Premier De metrios Maximos declared it gave the Greeks encouragement in their just and noble struggles for the principles of freedom and de mocracy Ir an earlier statement Premier Recep Peker of Turkey termed the speech realistic and fully human itarian said it meant an end to U S isolationism and declared it would inspire the peace and free domloving peoples of the world Athens shops and stores planned to suspend operations between 11 a m and 1 p m Friday in appre ciation Mr Trumans message Trade union and guild executive committees scheduled a joint meet ing to lay a wreath at the Ameri can Philhellenes monument and adopt a resolution of gratitude In Stockholm the liberal Swed ish newspaper Dagens Nyheter said Nobody suspects the United States of aggression and few doubt that its efforts will serve a durable peace The influential Times of London predicted that U S support of the United Nations will not be with drawn or weakened as a result of the proposed new policy but new and more direct channels for the exercise of American influence may be shaped The conservative Daily Mail said that in line with charges of Rus sian interference in Hungary U S and British notes of protest had proved of little avail and com mented time will show whether though the pen may be weaker the purse is mightier than the sword Many Rulers The island of Malta has been ruled by Phoenicians Carthagin ians Romans Arabs Normans Spanish by the Knights of Malta by Napoleon and the British Top Experts Overruled on Draft Issue Washington President Truman overruled his top mili tary manpower experts in advis ing congress to let the wartime draft act expire at the end of this month This became known Friday after Chairman Gurney RS made available to a re porter the transcript of a closed door session of the senate armed services committee Gurney previously reported a committee decision to urge a de lay of at least 3 months in the transfer of draft records from lo cal boards to state capitals be cause of the troubled world sit uation The record testimony of Tues days committee meeting dis closed that both Maj Gen W S Paul army chief of personnel and Gen Lewis B Hershey selective service director con ceded under questioning that they had recommended continuance of the draft even though there have been no induction calls since Oc tober Senator Saltonstall asked Paul whether it would not have been better to have ex tended selective service itself rather than set up an office of selective service records pro posed by the president to keep draft files intact As for me I think personally it would be far simpler to have retained the skeleton organization but the commander in chief did not see fit to do it so I am in no position to say otherwise Paul replied Senator Byrd de veloped that Hershey and the president also differed about ex tension of the draft after Her shey testified the machinery would be badly needed for any remobilization The president did not agree with you on that danger because he have a continuanceof selective service Byrd observed I think that is obvious Her shey responded One more question Byrd said and do not answer if this is embarrassing but did you recommend the continuance of selective service this year Two or 3 times yes sir was the reply Mr Truman told congress in a message March 3 that because of a recent brightening in recruit ing prospects be was recom mending that there be no exten sion of the draft at this time He added however that he wanted it understood that the army and navy will ask for a new act if they are unable to keep 1641000 men under arms The Mediterranean situation had not built up to the crisis stage when that message went to capi tol hill Deputy Sheriff Killed in Automobile Accident Avoca County Deputy Sheriff R F Mc Kinley who was answering a call at the time was killed Thursday night when his car plunged into a creek bed after leaving highway 59 3 miles south of here SAME Black flag means traffic death in past 24 hoar Clean Duel in the Sun Hollywood O Selz nick announced Friday he had cleaned up his multimillion dol lar picture Duel in the Sun in order to get partial approval of the Legion of Decencys censorship board He said 46 scenes were cut from the film with no loss to its dramatic value The motion pic ture received a B classification in the editing x MARSHALLPUTS BIG 4 STRAIGHT ON DEMOCRACY Says Society Not Free If LawAbiding People Are Living in Fear By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Moscow Mar shall bluntly told the conference of foreign ministers Friday that the United States does not consider a society democratic if men who respect the rights of their fellow men are not free to express their own beliefs and convictions with1 out fear that they may be snatched away from their home and fami ly Marshall was speaking on the need for democratization of Ger many but his comment coming on top of President Trumans declar ations against totalitarianism in Greece heavily stressed the Amer ican stand for other parts of the world To us said the American sec retary a society is not free if law abiding citizens live in fear of be ing denied the right to work or of being deprived of life liberty and the pursuit of happiness Marshall also told the council 1 Eighty of 117 war production plants in the American zone of Germany are 100 per cent liqui dated 2 The United States now holds only 15103 nazi prisoners of war mostly in Italy while 15873 more are rapidly being discharged in the American zone of Germany Soviet Foreign Minister Molo tov announced that figures on prisoners of war held by the Rus sians would be circulated among the delegations Friday night The foreign ministers agreed to take up Saturday the thorny ques tions of displaced persons and ter ritorial reorganization of Ger many Meanwhile prospects dimmed for Big Three talks concerning the Chinese crisis with China present despite Russian insistence An au thoritative source said China was not likely to agree to participate In Nanking the foreign office an nounced refusal to The Chinese maneuvers starting with Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotovs written request for such conferences rh u r s d a y night shared keen interest among the western delegations with a whop ping Izvestia editorial which in the first real Russian reaction to President Trumans message about Greece and Turkey virtually ac cused him of breaking United Nations obiigations and of trying to grab the 2 countries The impression was growing strongly that Soviet and U S competition for world leadership was boiling down to naked power diplomacy in which China Greece or Turkey are or may become points of conflict such as eastern Europe has long been The force of Soviet feeling was shown by the blunt words the editorial applied to Truman It is very unusual for an official Soviet publication to talk harshly about the head of a state no matter how they larnbast lesser lights Molotov was disclosed Friday night to have sentnotes to U S Secretary of State George C Mar shall and British Foreign Secre tary Ernest Bevih asking them for an informal discussion of the Chinese situation Marshall it was learned plan ned to reply that he was willing to exchange reports on China in line with the Big Threes Moscow agreement of Dec 19 only if China participated Bevin presumably would take a similar line Molotov after receiving the Marshall and Bevin responses was expected to invite China to desig nate a representative to take part in the talks but whether the Nanking government would agree in view of declarations already made was highly uncertain and the rejection of such an invitation would be no surprise Fan Won Battles The Greek god Pan was sup posed to win battles for Greece by causing panic among her ene mies AP Wirephoto BEST SCREEN PERFORMERS OF over the Oscars presented in Hollywood Thursday night for best screen performances of 1946 are left to right Olivia De Havilland named best actress of the year Harold Russell a handless veteran named best supporting actor Cathy ODonnell who accepted the best actors award for the absent Frederic March and Anne Baxter best supporting actress Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with occa sional light snow flurries Colder Friday night Low temperature 8 above Northwesterly winds 2030 miles per hour Iowa Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with occasional light snow flurries Colder Fri day night Lows Friday night 813 above High Saturday 1824 Northwesterly winds miles per hour diminishing only slightly Saturday Iowa 5 Day Weather Outlook Mean temperatures will average about 5 degrees below normal Iowa normal is 35 degrees Rather cold Saturday and Sun day with slow warming trend Monday through Wednesday Little or no precipitation Minnesota Snow flurries Friday night and Saturday some what colder Friday night Northwest to north winds 30 to 40 MPH in west portion dimishing slowly Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 32 Minimum 14 At 8 a m Friday 15 Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 65 Minimum 37 ML CLEMENS CASE APPEALED Pottery Workers Go to Circuit Court Detroit Employes of the Mt Clemens Pottery Co Friday appealed to the circuit court of appeals in Cincinnati the historic decision denying them portal to portal pay Frank A Picard U S district judge denied the pottery employes portal pay last month in a decision that dealt a harsh blow to Ameri can labors nearly portal pay claim against industry He said then that he hoped his decision would eventually be re viewed by the high court in a final test Edward Lamb attorney for the pottery workers field notice of the appeal with George M Read clerk of the district court here House Group Orders Probe on Testimony at Labor Hearings Members Want to If Perjury Has Been Committed at Sessions Washington The house labor committee Friday unani mously ordered an investigation to determine whether perjury has been committed at its hearings on labor legislation Still before the committee is a specific motion by Rep Kennedy DMass to file perjury charges against Harold Christoffel and Robert Buse leaders of Local 248 of the CIOUnited Auto Workers union at Milwaukee The union is on strike against the AllisChal rners company committee has received testimony that they were com munists since they denied that they were Asked whether it would be fair to assume that the investigation is aimed at more than 2 individ uals Chairman Hartley RN J replied Yes Assigned to make the inquiry he said are Irving G McCann committee counsel and James M Mclnerney first assistant in the criminal division of the justice de partment The local headed by Christoffel and Buse has been on strike for nearly 11 months against the com panys West Allis Wis plant Hartley said he thinks the in vestigation can be completed in a week or 10 days The testimony that Buse and Christoffel were communists came Thursday from Louis Budenr once a communist party leader and now a professor at Fordham Hartley told reporters he was unable to give them any informa tion about a mysterious Comrade Juniper who figured in Budenz testimony Budenz said that Comrade Juniper at one time opposed call ing a prewar strike against Allis Chalmers because he felt Ameri can workers would not support any interference with the defense program Budenz said the incident oc curred at a meeting of the com munist partys political commit tee of which he was a member Prior to the closed session the committee received a prepared statement from Walter W Cener azzo president of the American Watch Workers union urging con gress to regulate unions in the public interest but not in the in terest of reactionary manage ment SENTENCE 2 FOR SUGAR RACKET lowans Are Fined and Placed on Probation Fort Dodge Two men charged with violating price ceil ings and with acquiring countre feit sugar ration coupons have been sentenced by Federal Judge Henry N Graven of Greene in United States district court north ern district of Iowa now in session here Victor Herbst of Webster City entered a plea of guilty to one o 3 counts in a district attorneys information charging him with selling farm equipment above ceiling prices last 1 near Webster City Fined and costs and sentenced to one year in prison Herbsts jail sentence was sus pended and he was placed on pro bation for 3 years Commitment will issue however should Herbst fail to pay the fine and costs by next Jan 1 Judg Graven ruled Lewis Bernard Hulsebus Meser vey storekeeper was fined and sentenced to one year bu placed on probation for the perioe on his plea of guilty to charges in a district attorneys information that he acquired a number o counterfeited and forged sugai ration coupons last June 15 a Meservey Bookkeeper and Wife Find in Box Philadelphia a week bookkeeper and his wife wpre re ported on the verge of nervous collapse Friday after finding 800 in a corrugated cardboard box in a dark dusty corner of their cellar The bookkeeper Benjamin Lie berman 44 went to the cellar in search of light bulbs reached for a grimy box idlyi opened it ant pulled out a cache of cash in and bills Lieberman called police Nov they and the Liebermans are try ing to find out who owns the money Turned over to Director of Public Safety James H Malone the treasure was locked in a bank safe deposit box French Expert Implies France Has KnowHow fo Manufacture Atomic Bombs Lake Success N Y eric JoliotCurie ranking French expert on atomic energy implied Friday that France too knows how to manufacture atomic bombs In a highly technical article written for the magazine United Nations World the French scien tist onetime assistant to Mme Marie Curie declared that the principle of the atomic bomb is simple Without specifically saying in cold black type that Francehas the knowhow to build atomic bombs JoliotCurie nevertheless gave the impression that France can turn out atomic bombs too And he added We are thus approaching the 3rd stage That of practical appli cation of atomic energy to im prove the living standards of man kind A digest of his article issued by the United Nations World said that France today has the kndwhow to build atomic bombs according to Dr Frederic JoliotCurie The text of the article however does not include that specific quotation Yet the article is filled obvious implications that France knows the secret of manu facturing atomic bombs but does not have the necessary materials American and British scientists who are expert in atomic energy developments are of the opinion that only the United States has the real knowhow to build atomic bombs and that other coun tries are still in the experimental stage of atomic research Yet American scientists have warned for months that the United States cannot hope to hold for ever the secret of the atomic bomb There have been recent in dications that German scientists have been employed by the Rus sians to solve the secret How far they have proceeded is another secret But it is a fact that German scientists were experimenting with methods of splitting the atom long before U S scientists went to work on the project JoliotCurie also is quoted in the digest as saying Frances de cision to turn her atomic research toward not based on any lack of knowledge about the atom bomb The text also fails to disclose that particular reference although JoliotCurie made it clear tha France was a leader in the early stages of experiments on atomic fission I am happy that France has contributed so importantly no merely to knowledge which made atomic fission possible he said but to the principles on which everyday utilization of atomic energy must be based Bandless Vet Wins Steals Show Hollywood March ivas chosen as the best actor of he year Olivia De Havilland was named the best hand ess Harold Russell stole the show at Thursday nights 19th annual presentation of awards by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Russell the veteran with the hooks in The Best Years of Our Lives which won the best pic ture award went home with 2 oscars tucked under his arm His Best Years role his 1st n motion pictures brought him academy acclaim as the best sup jorting actor and a special award iy the academys board of direc ors The board did not know he would win the supporting award jecause results were kept in a sealed e n v elope until announce ments were made from the stage It was Marchs role in The Best Years of Our Lives depict ing problems of returned veterans which won him the oscar while Miss De Havilland took home the coveted statuette for her perform ance in To Each His Own March was not present to re ceive his oscar He is in a New York stage production and his statuette was accepted by Cathy ODonnell Russells sweetheart in Best Years Miss De Havilland gowned in a strapless light blue tulle said she intended to place her oscar on a table in her bedroom But I dont know she said whether my husband Novelist Marcus Goodrich will object to having another man in my bed room Other major awards went to Anne Baxter for her supporting role in The Razors Edge and to the director of Best Years William Wyler Miss De Havillands sister Joan Fontaine former award winner presented Marchs oscar but she was noticeably absent from the crowd which gathered to con gratulate Olivia Ray Mllland who won an oscar last year for The Lost Weekend presented OHvias award Master of Ceremonies Jack Benny introducing Milland to the capacity crowd of 6700 in the Shrine auditorium said Phil Harris could have played the Lost Weekend better than Mil hed have found the chandelier sooner Applause and cheers rent the air each time Russell accepted an award Russells few embar rassed words were doubly poig nant to the few who knew that Best Years was not only the exparatroopers 1st his last He is on leave of absence from Boston university where he is studying advertising until June and is making a pep talk tour of amputee wards in army hos pitals After graduation from col lege next year Russell will entei advertising in Samuel Goldwyns New York office Russell manager of a chain grocery in Cambridge Mass be fore the war lost his hands when a halfpound of TNT he was carrying exploded at a paratroop training camp June 6 day allied troops invaded France WALLACE HITS TRUMAN STAND Says Aid Policy Will Spread Communism New York A Wal lace charged Thursday night tha President Trumans policy of aic to the reactionary governments of Greece and Turkey wouk spread communism in Asia and Europe and make Mr Truman the best salesman communism ever had In a radio answer to the pres idents foreign policy message the former vice president and cabine member said he favored aid to Greece for economic reconstruc tion But President Truman has made it clear that very little o the loan to Greece is for economic reconstruction he said It is a military subsidy to the Greek government to contin ue its efforts to stamp out all op position It was utter nonsense to assert that the Turkish government is representative or neutral he said Wallace said the presidents message summoned in a century of fear and undermined Secre tary of State George C Marshalls position at the Moscow conference Marshall called for reforms as the conditions of American aid to Greece he said Fortynine dependents of Mex ican war veterans stili were on the pension rolls at the end o 1946 VANDENBERGTO ASK QUESTIONS ON GREEK ISSUE Senator Will Insist on Information From Government Officials By JACK BELL Washington Van denberg compiled at a republican conference Friday a ist questions he said top rank ing government officials will be asked to answer fully before con gress passes on American aid to reeee and Turkey Yandenberg chairman of the orcign relations committee re ported on international develop ments at a closed meeting of sen ate republicans He was said to have faced a bar rage of queries about the foreign and domestic effect of President Trumans proposal to extend fi nancial and indirect military help o the two countries Senator Wherry told a reporter the questions ranged from future status of the United Na tions to demands to know whether American troops are to be used in Ihe Mediterranean area Senator Vandenberg is compil ing these into a questionnaire which he said he will insist upon competent government officials answering fully in public hearings before the foreign relations com mittee acts on the proposals Wherry said The questions have covered every conceivable phase of the ef fect of this move on American and international affairs Later Vandenberg who has called for top rank candor on the international situation told re porters that it anybody has any questions to ask about this pro posal I want them answered Bis demand for top rank can dor was being interpreted as a suggestion that Secretary of State Marshall discuss the crisis with Premier Stalin at the Moscow for eign ministers meeting Conference Chairman Millikin told newsmen that Vandenberg expressed theopinion that there was less risk involved in following the presidents sug gestion for aid to the two coun tries than in rejecting it A move developed to combine senate and house committee hear ings and thus speed action on President Trumans program for American aid to Greece and Tur key Senator Aiken who has yet to make up his mind on pit ting direct financial and limited military assistance against com munist pressures in the Mediter ranean area summed up the sit uation to a reporter this way It looks like there isnt much congress can do but go along with the president in this crisis Similarly Senator Connally top democrat on the for eign relations committee pre dicted that Mr Trumans pro posal will pass both houses by a large majority As senate republicans gathered in a party conference to hear Senator Vandenberg chairman of the foreign relations committee report on President Trumans personal appeal to con gress Wednesday there was evi dence that the Aiken and Connal ly views were shared by some re publican leaders One of these who asked not to be quoted by name noted that the president has wide latitude in the field of foreign relations and that his publicly announced com mitment to go into Greece and Turkey could be reversed by con gress only if it chose to withhold funds But this republican said any such action seemed likely to be interpreted in Moscow as a dis play of American weakness a re sult he said he would regret to see despite his reluctance to ap prove military as well as financial action For that reason this GOP lead er said congress has little choice but to go along with the presi dent An indication of the air of ten sion prevailing in congress was provided meanwhile by the ac tion of the senate armed services committee in deciding to keep se lective service records where they are for at least 3 months The original plan proposed by Mr Truman after his decision to Jet the draft act expire March 31 was to have local boards ship their papers to state capitals Thursdays action of the senate republican policy committee de signed to assure consideration ol GreekTurkish legislation before March 31 was regarded in some quarters as an acknowledgment of inevitable passage in some form However Chairman Taft Ohio told a reporter the groups decision was submitted to the GOP conference Friday for ratification not to be construed as ap proval of the presidents proposal ;