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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 14, 1940, Mason City, Iowa WCM A OEPT or OES I K HOME EDITION V I I F NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY THI IRI9HT SrOT THl NEWSTAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NIICHWK VOL XLVI MASON CITY 1QWA THIS PAPW CONSISTS ojTWO WHOM Huey Long Statue Fate Uncertain By JACK STINNETT WASHINGTON Long machine in Louisiana has met the fate of the onehoss shay but vis itors to Washingtons Statuary Hall in years to come may find Louisianas most honored son is the late Huey Long Whether they do or dont is up to Gov Earl Long Hueys brother and the man who was at the wheel when the machine went into the ditch Back in 1864 when the Civil war grinding out heroes at a dizzy pace congress decided to take the matter in hand It passed a law The law said each state could have two nice pedestals in Statuary Hall to support the stat ues of the deceased heroes that state considered worthy of such honor When Louisiana got back in the union fold it paid no attention to the Jaw But in 1938 the state leg islature found a hero to their lik ing and put up for a statue of the assassinated Kingfish After that gesture they did noth ing about withdrawing the money from the treasury and the appro priation will goback to the state for something else if it isnt with drawn before July 1941 Governor Long hasnt that much time His official sun sets May 14 when he goes out of of fice If he acts before then the name and figure oE Huey Long will be perpetuated along with such heroes as Samuel Adams Henry Clay Jeff Davis Daniel Webster Sam Houston Robert Fulton and John C Calhoun in one of the nations most distin I U Most Deadly Exol WASHINGTON in da ventor of the most deadly ex blowine nn I1135111 so demonstrate and vwnri plosive sought permission Thurs blowing up animals with it Ot wont hurt them he said it causes instantaneous since death Lester P Barlow of Stamford Conn so impressed the senate military affairs committee Wed nesday with a description of his hfW that the committee burned the minutes of the two hour session lest a foreign power learn the formula The committee will discuss Bar low s invention with war and navy department officials Mon Barlow said he was asking to demonstrate the explosive by ex ploding mines of it in a field of animals It was assumed that he had asked the committee for per SEE STORY ON PAGE H Inventor Lester Barlow above is a native of Clear Lake He has visited there several tiroes in recent years and has several kinfolk resldine there now While in Clear Lake he Jived on a farm a short distance east of Clear Lake Senator Gerald p RN mm x lvyg Kpg r r whose suggestion Bariow testified said the explosive was so devastating it would give any na tion an incomparable advantage d t he id utterly destroys everything within miles Never in 15 years he said have I seen a senate committee so impressed Barlow presented to the com mittee affidavits photographs and r hK his raens with the explosive which he said combined liquid oxygen and car bon He called it the most deadly explosive known Senator Edwin C Johnson D Colo moved to destroy the coin Havoc Wrought BombersjsFmally Exposed Factories Were Ruined and Railroads Barely Kept in Operation LV ntn c uuusiaerea me ex plosive so destructive they feared its formula would fall into the hands a foreign power Nye said the papers were placed m a waste basket and burned in the presence of the committee de spite the objections by Senator A B Chandler DKy who thought the records might be of value to the committee itself Barlow told reporters later that the war potentialities of liquid oxygen were first realized when the Germans bombarded Barcelona during the Spanish civil war A bomb smashed a huge apartment house he said and killed hun dreds of people besides sending the worlds military experts into furore Upon study he became con Both in Washington and Louisi ana the state officials asked about it wouldnt say yea and wouldnt say nay and the new administra tion hasnt even hinted what theyll do if Governor doesnt choose to put brother Huey in the capifol It would hardly seem right though o expect the new antiLong administration to honor the man who sewed up Louisiana politics in his own little sack and for so many years re fused them even one little peek Fine Memorial There is by the by hardly any better way for a state to memori alize one of its distinguished sons than by putting him up in marble or bronze in Statuary Hall Even when the deeds of the dead hero are forgotten and his name stirs REGRETS MOVE BY VALENTINE Kraschel Says Party Strength only a vague recollection there are the capitol guides to jog the memory of older visitors to Wash ington and tell new generations how these men reached their ped estals in this hrII of the mighty They have to do little explain ing of course about Washington or Garfield or Andrew Jackson or tthan Allen or Robert E Lee or Roger Williams Theyre all well remembered in the history books But here Georgia has wisely writ ten a permanent record for Dr Crawford William Long whose pioneering with ether anaesthesia in 1312 gave him a high place in the nations medical history And Kentucky has honored Ephraim McDowell another distinguished Phystcian who performed the first ovariotomy the operation that annually saves thousands wom en s in 1809 and almost lost Ins life at the hands of a mob be cause of it 72 Statues Now There are in all 72 statues from 38 state Statuary Hall reached its population peak in 1933 trat 1864 congress never figured there would be anything like 45 slates so tie boys in 33 had to straighten them out to keep from chipping the elbows oE the crowd ing greats Now each state OEU only one pedestal in Statuary Hall and one m other prominent corri dors and vestibules or in the ro tunda What I wanted to know and couldnt find out is whats the matter with those other 0 states ttavent they any famous sons Or are they broke 9 Minnesota and faouth Dakota have only taken one spot each The states that havent scratched the surface yet arc Lolorado Montana Nevada New TrMC0 Norlh Dakota Oregon Utah WMhinston and Wyoming Jf any of them has even made a recent gesture toward putting a capUol halo over the memory of one of their heroes David Lynn capttol architect hasnt heard of Maybe the mammas and papas cut lucre arc waiting for junior to grow up and be president leceiver DES MOINES at the decision of John K Valentine of Centerville not to run for gov ernor on the democratic ticket was expressed by Nelson G Kraschel former governor in an interview here i Kraschel described Valentine as a very valuable party asset Concerning his own plans Kraschel said he was neither in uor out of the democratic gub ernatorial race At the same time Kraschel in a formal statement criticized Gov George A Wilson republican in cumbent for what he Kraschel termed a prematurely released special bank receivership audit Kraschel defended the state banking department and des cribed the audit as a blow against lowas banking and business in stitutions and against the whole body politic Unless Governor Wilson through his audit has absoW pioof of individual irregularities by misfeasansce or malfeasance le is not even partly justified in his action Kraschels statement GERMANY GETS RED PLEDGE TO SPARE RUMANIA Negotiations Conducted in Great Secrecy but Berlin Provides Center By LOUIS P BERLIN Germany an unimpeachable although nonof acial source disclosed Thursday has obtained a pledge from soviet Ki will be south that Rumania sdi come what may Europe apparently has diplomacy in EDITORS NOTE Wade Werner chief of the Associated Press bureau in was m Finland for the most of Hie FinnishRussian conflict and here exposes features of the war i under the censor ship while fishtins lasted By WADE WERNER COPENHAGEN that the RussianFinnish war is over some of the most obvious reasons influencing the Finns in their de closed Slg P6aCe Can be While hostilities continued the aturaUy dic lated suppression or minimizing of the damage done by the enabled German make incline said LOOK INSIDE FOR BARON MANNEKHEIM Emerges as Hero of Finns in Valiant Fight PAGE 2 WCTTUnsHtute to Be Held Friday PAGE 3 Prep Cagers Open State Tournament PAGE 11 Creston Wins 3331 in State Tourney PAGE 11 aggression pact Negotiations are being con ducted in great secrecy but cir cumstantial evidence points to as one venter where to say the least the subject is be ing aired German Russian and Kumaman sources however say this capital is not the scene of negotiations One interesting factor is the re ent arrival in Berlin of a Ru manian general Technically he is here to negotiate extension on the GermanRumanian trade treaty to Germanys Bohemia Moravia protectorate Just why a military rather than an economic mission should visit Berlin at this time is a mys Another interesting factor is a special delivery letter which reached foreign diplomats and Th J disVeuished foreigners Thursday asking them to slay away from a luncheon of the Ger man academy lo which they had Helmuth Wohlthat of the ministry of eco nomics was scheduled to speak on Rumania On the orders of Foreign Min ister Joachim von Ribbentrop the academy directors had to kend letters rescinding the invitation and stipulating that Kerr State Councilor Wohlthats address may be delivered only before Ger man nationals While official Germany and the Kumsnian legation are tightlipped unofficial inquiries elicit expressions of the inter natonal situaiion may change before the veck is over One wellinformed person wont o far as to say this week was one un dFisive f the war and would furnish political founda tions for Germanys military vic tory The Rumanian question he criilas the situation btill another interesting factor is theassurance with which au thorized spokesmen have men tioned recently the certainty of nuniama s remaining aloof from the conflict They have pooh poohed rumors from abroad of Rumanias siding with the western powers The havoc wrought by the bombers actually was tremen sizaWe tolvn all Finland escaped punishment from the air This was bad enough for the hundreds of whom were while countless others But damage to the factories and railway transport as well as bor facilities was more a vital cripping Finnish de Hanko and a number of their towns practically ceased to exfst had r sTJle movc of troops throuth such cuii ana dangerous task thrnmi0 februarywhen I passed through the junction of Elisen trains were crowded reinforcements some south bound toward the Karelian Is h eastnSf01T1C1traVeInng to tlle OIt east of Lake Ladoga The troops with I lrav through with the ut r10 Difficulty for Elisenvaara had been bombed five times dur ing the night before our arrival nHuiu ujsygen couw be de vised The German method he as serted was dangerous to the user beause a toovapid detonation Alter a long period trial and error he said he had discov ered a method to prevent an ex plosion of the gases without a separate detonator making the explosive absolutely safe He said he could get no hearing nom American military authori ties who told him it was impos sible to use the mixture safely They cannot be blamed for that he said because the plosive does things that are possible by all previous stand His explosive Barlow explained is for use in mines and not jn artillery shells Its effect he said depends entirely on the expansion e im hurling metal The secrets burned by the com mittee he said included Ihe method of detonation the type of carbon employed and the method of constructing the case contain ing the fluid Barlow is well known as an ex plosive expert He obtained liis engineering training in the navy and made his first aerial bombs while with the Mexican bandit Pancho Villa in Mexico in 1914 In 1932 he revealed plans for a bomb which he said would destroy a city 100 miles away by pressing a button He offered it to the United States free but was re fused The United States used about worth of explosives of his design during the World TRUCK CRASH OCCURS AT CROSSING IN OPEN COUNTRY Snow Cruiser Averts Crash at Unloading deck of the flagshlp movement of wat reinforcements WANTS SUPPLIES WAR MACHINE s so bombed it was useless as a supply base even before the soviet troops WUhi rang mf H r J was raided most daily and bomb damage and al to that sov epors tat soviet Russia is negotiating a non aggression pact with Rumania and f trade agreement with Italy y plomacy Observers here pictured Ger M to Ijer many as eager now that peace has P Finland ny Pos n h n so that Russian supplies can be avalable for Germanys war ma cinnc Tampere munitions ecu tcr was scourged systematically by large fleets of bombers Civilian morale was magnifi when factory after factory is destroyed and supplies and munitions cannot be moved to the front without the greatest of handicaps how can soldiers continue flfthting trans difficulties the Russian drive Mannerheim ine was The Finns had strong steel and concrete fork on the Summa front weakest point in defense lines on the but such a tremendous volume FINLAND PLANS NEW ALLIANCE Defensive Arrangement With Sweden Norway Is WARS BALAVCE BOOK ussia Finland 0000 dead 30000 dead 3oO000 wounded 35000 wounded Estimated by Foreign Military Observers By SIAX IIARRELSON V HfELSINKr WPrcsident Kal ho told Finland Thursday her los ing fight with soviet Russia ended by a crushing peace had made a FinnishSwedishNorwegian de fensive alliance necessary The necessity of such an al liance he said has become evi dent during this war and he add ed I dare to hope that the essen tiality of a northern defensive al liance has become evident also to our neighbors during this war Finland counted on new fortifi cations and a possible alliance if need be to save her from Czecho slovakias fate Shorn of heavily fortified fron ts by the pact of Munich Sept 1938 CzechoSlovakia just a AjBrago Thursday passed under Adolf Hitlers rule President Kallio expressed ap preciation for American relief ac tivities and said that in this re spect the work done by former President Hoover has been of ex treme value He also thanked the Scandinavian countries and west em powers for their aid As he spoke all available trucks of Hussian on them shells ramed down on ley finally were undermined They tipped up like boxes throwing their guns out of align were on the road to begin the work of removing thousands of tmns from the areas to be ceded to Russia ahead Kallio declared this nation must count on its own strength and unity for the great reconstruction task but added we trust that those civilized na tions which recognize the funda mental principles on which our defensive struggle was based will make it their duty to support us Whipping of 18 in Atlanta Suburbs by Masked Men Revealed ATLANTA Ga leas 18 persona have been whipped by masked men in the Atlanta sub urbs a coroners jury investigat ing the slaying of Ike Gaston a oiiiber had discovered Thursday Gastons body was discovered over the weekend He had been brutally whipped apparently with a heavy leather strap The Miry decided that he had died from the effects of an unlawful beating administered by three 01 more persons whose identity is nol known The jury heard testimony des cribing 18 cases of catofnme tails justice meted out by masked men Ihe testimony was replete with references to the Ku Klux Klan which has its national head quarters here Firemen Free Horse Bogged in Snowdrift MINNEAPOLIS Min icapohs fire department was called Wednesday night to free a lorsc bogged in a snowdrift The lorse was pulling 3 snowplow Get ready for EASTER To know what the new fashions arc like and what stores arc featuring them read the ads in the GlobeGazette PUT LIMIT ON POLITICAL GIFTS Senate Votes 4038 Against Contributions of More Than WASHINGTON sen ate approved n S5000 limitation on political contributions Thurs day by attaching an amendment to the pending antipolitics le The limitation provision spon sored by opponents of amend ments to broaden the Hatch act earned by a vote of 40 to 3B Senator Bankhead author of the limiting provision immediately clinched his victory when the senate tabled a recon sideration motion 41 to 38 The Bankhead provision would limit any individual lo contrib uting 55000 to any candidate or campaign committee and define as a pernicious political activilv any contribution above this Witness Describes Seeing Bodies Hurled After Fierce Impact McALLEN Texas pas senger train crashed into a truck load of citrus workers at a grade crossing near here Thursday Hilling 2o and injuring 17 Most of the victims were Mexicans They were piled onto he truck to be carreid from one or chard to another and the vehicle was so crowded ihe workers were riding in the cab on the cab on the running boards and on the open back platform When the crash occurred the trucks gas tanks exploded add ing to the horror Bodies workmen spun through the air and littered the railroad right of way for 00 yards Two bodies were caught on the locomotive pilot Another was jammed under the fire box and burned A child among the work ers was decapitated A man was cut in two Miss Mary Ann Wall secretary of the Alamo Citrus Association whose plant is 200 feet from the crossing said bodies were hurled through a sheet of flame as the tram smashed the truck and the gasoline tank exploded I nearly always look up when the tram passes but this morning I was busy and didnt she said I heard the roar of the ap proaching train and then 1 heard tremendous crash 1 looked out windowand saw a sheet w C name m front of the passenger rain engine Tbrourt the flame bodies were pitched in all direc tions I guess the trucks gasoline tanks must have exploded Then my boss AlbertJensen llle Platform and told me to call all the ambu lances in the lower Rio Grande Valley I started calling and when I looked out again I saw bodies piled to the side of the tracks I called ambulances from five nearby towns It was the most horrible thine I have ever seen The train slowing down for the village of Alamo struck the truck full m the side Workers were riding on the cab and were crowded on the open rear plat form The accident occurred where the highway Jurns ab ruptly across the tracks after runniwr alongside the rightof way for some distance The country is flat and there were no obstructions to block the Bother sources were not immcdi dy able to check Kings death count but it was established with n an hour after the crash that there were Kix bodies at a McAllen funeral home eight at Wcslaco and some at Edinburg illjulecl verc brought lo the McAllcn hospital where physi cians worked under handicaps be tllrnn iiT Thief Takes Bathtub lovehave been able to figure out a thief broke into tlc tool ed of Castillo Dj Marco md lc a bathtub rake and spade The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Thurs day night and Friday somewhat colder extreme cast Thursday night rising temperature wcsl and southcentral Friday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Thursday nisht and Friday ris ing temperature west Friday IN MASON CITY wcatncr stalis Mavimum Wednesday Minimum Wednesday night Al 8 3 m Thursday room were Eyewitnesses said bodies InnT right 0 Wfly 300 feet Ambulances carried Ihe injured o hospitals in nearby lower Rio Grande Valley towns The accident happened at a m The truck in which the orchard vorkcrs were riding apparently JVM struck squarely in the ccntc H remained jammed on the front a halt comollvc when n me to a Prccip Wednesday Snow Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum a 10 OS inch 1 inch MERCURY DIPS IN COLD WAVE Iowa Falls Reports 7 Above Temperatures Are 14 Under Normal DES MOINES unsea sonnl cold wave remained in Iowa Thursday as temperatures aver a0ed 14 degrees below normal s which had more iLalli snowduring hours reported the states official low early Thursday Tabove zero It was 9 at Mason While somewhat colder readings vcic anticipated in the extreme eastern portion Thursday night temperatures were expected to rise i n ho west and south central portions Friday ;