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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 14, 1935, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLI IVE CENTS COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 14 1935 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 131 The Yankee Philosopher Holmes Felt Laws Must Keep Step With Times EDITORS NOTE This U the fourth in a series of six articles on the life of the late Oliver Wendell Holmes WASHINGTON March 14 Oliver Wendell Holmes made the bench a philosophers stone by which he transmuted base metals of life into finespun gold deep understanding his broad views his sharp mind but notably liis detachment from every day life accompanied by his keen insight into it these were crucibles in which small facts were compound ed into great principles He had served for 20 years on the Massachusetts bench and was nearing his sixtysecond birthday when President Roosevelt called aim in 1902 to the supreme tribunal of the land There for 28 Years He was to labor there for 29 years was to run his total judicial career into the fiftieth consecutive year was to become the oldest man ever to have sat on that bench but greatest of all was to show his measure as one of the master mag istrates of all time His life span stretched for near ly twothirds of the existence of the supreme court his own service in that court constituted more than onefifth of its active history and it is estimated that he participated in more than onethird of the total number of decisions handed down since the court was formed One of the secrets of his great ness his life spannning such a long and restless period of the nations history was his recognition that life and the times were always changing and that he and the law must keep in step Opposed Precedents He battled against accepting prec edents for precedents sake alone and once said Our forms of con tract instead of being made once for all like a yacht on lines of least resistance are accidental relics of early notions Asa judge he deemed that Jus ASKS LEGISLATURE TO ADJOURN Wants Bigger Factory Turnout at Lower Prices WALLACE SEES BIG FARM AID IN CHEAPER GOODS Says Further Production Cuts Will Not Add to Farmers Income By FRANK B HARPER Associated Press Staff Writer according to the rules whether I like them ornot But he did find that the rules could be construed liberally He said in one of his opinions The interpretation of constitution al principles must not be too literal We must remember that the ma chinery of government would not work if it were not allowed a little play in its joints Noted for Independence Though noted for his independ ence of thought he felt that private opinions of a judge were not a measure of legality It is a misfortune if a judge he said reads his conscibusor uncon scious sympathy with one side or the other prematurely into the law And again We need to learn to transcend our own convic tions and to leave room for much that we hold dear to be done away with As a judge he became an out standing exponent of the consti tutional guarantees affecting the rights of man The Great Dissenter He called the constitution an ex periment as all life is an experi ment and in his powerful dissent in the Rosika Schwimmer in which Mrs Schwimmer was denied naturalization by the majority he said Surely it cannot show lack of at tachment to the principles of the constitution that she thinks it can be improved I suppose that most intelligent people think that it might be His role as tie great dissenter was personally disliked by him His court life was not unlit by hu mor He often would amuse his as sociates and spectators with a mer ry quip and on one occasion when counsel was using rather indiscrim inately the terms realtor and real estate dealer in arguing a case the presiding officer Chief Jutice Taft asked if tbere was any difference Holmes interrupted with A real tor gets a higher fee than a real es tate man FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday warmer Thursday night MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy Thursday night and Friday probably snow or rain In north east portion warmer in east and south portions Thursday night colder In west portion Friday IN MASON CITY Weather figures for 21 hour per iod ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Wednesday S7 Minimum in Night 2fi At 8 A M S3 WASHINGTON March 14 A suggestion by Secretary Wallace that factories should turn out 50 per cent more goods at definitely lower prices dropped today into the debate ovar future industrial recovery policies Wallace said these cheaper goods would be a great help to farmers for whom crop reductions have about reached their maximum benefits Moreover he insisted to a house appropriations subcommittee dur ing hearings on the agriculture de partments 1936 supply bill an in crease of 30 or 40 per cent in the output of physical goods in the cities is a prerequisite to getting the entire country in better condi tion Definitely Lower Price If in some way it were possible to turn out 50 per cent more in dustrial goods at a price definitely lower than the present price he said the result would be to give a very material benefit to agricul ture to make it possible for agri culturesto buy more with the agri cultural dollar and there would be more factory toiled in tie V f What methods should be used to bring about that increase is cer tainly not for me to say the sec retary declared He also asserted We have reached the conclusion that further action along the line of reducing production will not greatly increase the fanners share in the national income Control to Continue Are we to understand asked Chairman Cannon D that from this time on these methods may be expected to prove ineffec tive that farm prices will go no higher that we are not to reach parity Well Wallace replied there may be necessary a continuation of control But to carry the reduction below the present point would be gin to reduce the quantity of stuff available for the people here inside this country That is not true in the case of cotton but generally speak ing we say that a reduction in pro duction below that of this past year when of course the drought had a very great effect would not serve to increase the farmers share in the national income Should Increase Output We have reached the conclusion therefore that it is exceedingly im portant from the standpoint of giv ing a greater income to agricul ture that there should be definitely an increased output on the part of industry But it is also essential in turning out an increased quantity of goods that the price be such as will move the goods The secretary explained that the arm program was an attempt to attain parity prices but that with the powers as now existing it is doubtful if you could use a process ing tax fully and attain parity for Turn to Tage 3 Column 2 HOLDBERLOVICH IN MURDER CASE Grand Jury Indicts Owner of NightCIub Trial at Once Asked DES MOINESMarch 14 HV Dewey Beriovich proprietor of a Des Moines night club today was indicted by the Polk county grand jury on a first degree murdei charge in connection with the fatal shooting of Donald Merrigan Des Moines relief worker last Sunday Criminal Judge Russell Jordon ordered that Beriovich be helS without bond in the county jail pending trial in district court Arrangements were being made to arraign Beriovich before the judge later today when County At torney Carl A Burkman planned to ask an immediate trial of the case The grand jury which started in vestigation of the shooting Tues day brought ita Indictment after hpnrins1 23 witnesses Cubans Searched for Bombs Cuban officials expressed confidence the movement against Presi dent Mendietas regime had collapsed but soldiers continued to search all persons nearing Havanas doctts Here is a civilian being shaken down In the quest of bombs or arms Associated Press photo Further Shooting Gives Believed Gradually Winning Fight HAVANA March 14 though repeated outbreaks of shoot ing gave Havana another restless night the government of President Carlos Mendieta appeared today to be gradually winning its battle to restore order and retain authority Thousands of rounds of ammuni tion were discharged in tie city un der the cover of darkness despite continued enforcement of the dras tic curfew law requiring the streets to be cleared after 9 p m A police lieutenant was wounded by the fireof a rooftop sniper Two stray bullets crashed through the window of the penthouse apartment of Richard Armstrong American newspaper correspondent who for merly lived in St Petersburg Pla passing not far from where Arm strong was sitting Police Make Search Police visited Armstrongs apart ment a few minutes later along with that of another American news man Richard Melton of BaxleyGa They departed after upsetting fur niture and finding nothing to arouse their suspicions The yacht Caroline on which Douglas Fairbanks Sr Lady Ash ley and a party of friends are mak ing a cruise dropped anchor in the harbor but none of those on board came ashore A group from the Caroline ooarded the British cruiser H M S Dragon from a tender to attend a Darty on the war vessel morred in he bay safely but of the range of firing Bullets Stop Power Several sections of Havana were without lights for a time after a fus illade of bullets cut power lines The utility company was unable to make immediate repairs as continued fir ing prevented its employes from venturing into the streets Two sailors loosed a stream of rifle fire in the vicinity of the Ha vana post building after an uniden tified person hurled an empty bottle at them from a roof Reppert Quizzed on Effort to Get Job of Transporting Liquor DES MOINES March 14 Howard C Reppert president of the Retail Merchants Delivery of Des Moines was the first witness called when the legislative commit tee resumed its investigation this afternoon of the state liquor con trol board The committee called Reppert to question him regarding the efforts his company made to obtain the contract for transporting commis sion liquor from the central ware house to various points over the state Reppert was an unsuccess ful bidder for the contract DE LAWD DIES IN NY HOSPITAL Richard B Harrison 70 Year Old Negro Actor Stroke Victim NEW YORK March 14 Richard B Harrison who played De Lawd in The Green Pas tures died today in the Fifth ave nue hospital He succumbed to a stroke suffered two weeks ago as he was preparing for a matinee performance of the show He was 70 years old Harrison Canadianbom Negro had appeared in 1652 performances of the play when stricken Weary after 40000 miles ot traveling to 203 cities and troubled by the illness of his wife and daugh ter in Chicago Harrison had stipu lated that the New York engage ment be limited to three weeks Harrison an itinerant Shake spearean reader and head of a Negro dramatic school in the south was placed in the role after a chance encounter with Marc Con nelly the author in Harlem He hesitated to accept the part at first fearing it would be sacreligi ous to impersonate the Lord but was induced to enter the role by religious friends During the five years engage ment Harrison was repeatedly hon ored for his tender understanding performance by educational and re ligious groups Harrison is survived by his widow a daughter Marian and a son Paul Dunbar Harrison orch estra leader RADIOCOMPASS PLANE MAY HOP Preparations Being Made to Begin 2400 Mile Trip to Honolulu OAKLAND Cal March 14 Preparations at the airport here to day indicated to observers the gov ernments new radiocompass plane might take off at midnight on the 2400 mile flight to Honolulu the first stop in a proposed transPa cific commercial air route Mechanics were busy correcting a generator and one of the fuel pumps with which the aviators had difficulty while making a test hop Orders were given for the deliv ery of 1200 gallons of gasoline to night and observers said they be lieved this indicated the ship was to start on the long flight RESUME DIRECT HELP AS RELIEF STRIKE GOES ON Unemployed Pickets Try to Stop Women From Going to Work Direct relief discontinued Thurs day morning until such time as the county emergency relief committee could get together to work out ways and means of handling the situation in the midst of a strike of unemployed was resumed at 2 oclock in the afternoon A M Schanke Cerro Gordo county relief administrator announced The handling of direct relief or ders was stopped by Floyd P Todd representative of the state office he said because of disturbances caused by men and women pickets on the walks in front of the old postoffice county relief headquar ters Paid by County The pickets Thursday morning endeavored to stop several women who had been on work relief but who now according to officials are paid by the county from going to work The state office representa tive was accused by some of the six picketers of laying hands on Doris Bower one of the strikers while assisting one of the women through the crowd Additional help was brought from the sheriffs office and the men Nvno were dh tlie job A short talk was given by Sheriff J M Robertson Allowed to Bhter The picketers also stopped the fireman but allowed him to enter the building on the promise he would build no fire Consequently there was no heat in the building This was among the factors contri buting to the discontinuance of re lief operations Acting on the approval of Mr Todd Mr Schanke contacted the members of the county emergency relief committee by telephone and thus authorized the resumption of direct relief to the extent it is pos sible for the office to handle it un der the handicaps of the strike situation Meeting Called While the office will do the best it can to take care of relief orders relief cases must bear with the of fice if the service is not as good as it ordinarily would be said Mr Schanke A meeting of the relief commit tee was called for 5 oclock Thurs day afternoon to confirm this action authorized by telephone and to ac cept the resignation of A C Peters director of relief from the grievance committee Mr Peters is resigning because his work on the committee conflicts with his duties as director of relief Mr Schanke pointed out Meanwhile other events were shaping themselves toward a solu tion of the wage scale deadlock in which those on relief are asking that a wage reduction from 50 cents to 35 cents an hour be reinstated Survey Under Way A survey of the wage situation here under the supervision of the engineering department of the state office is expected to be completed by Friday noon following with the wage committe of the county relief organization will meet to consider its findings The fact that a possible change in the wage scale may be made by the committee following the report may delay the grievance committee from proceeding immediately to carrying out recommendations made by a citizens committee which closed its deliberations at the city hall Wednesday evening Grievance Prepared However no decision to delay the filing the protest had been reached at press time The grievance prepared and pre sented to the grievance committee by H C Peters representing the unemployed council and George Johnson business agent of the local union of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen to be sent to the state board protest ed against the action that has been taken by the local wage committee in cutting the wage from 50 cents to 35 cents an hour and a propor tionate amount of reduction for skilled labor It is our firm conviction the grievance stated that the said re duction is unfair unjust and un Tnrn lo 3 Column 3 VANQUISHED FOE OF LIMBURGER WILL BE CHEESE DAY GUEST MONROE Wig March 14 The vanquished foe of limburger cheese in the historic duel of Du buque Postmaster Warren Miller of Independence Iowa today was list ed as number one guest honor at the Greene county cheese day planned for next October 2 Postmaster John J Burkhard of Monroe who won by a nose from Miller in the sniffing bout that was echoed by an official edict from Washington was named honorary chairman of the event the first since Oct 2 1928 The kayo of Miller in the duel re sulted in an okay from Washington on the sending of the odoriferous cheese in the mails Morro Castle in Open Sea Again Towed by 2 Tugs 111 Fated Vessel Retravels Her Tragic Course of Last Sept 8 ASBURY PARK N J March 14 the tragic course she travelled last Sept 8 when 124 of her passengers and crew lost their lives the steamship Morro Castte moved slowly up the coast today in the tow of two stout tugs The rusted null the Ward lines ocean palace floated intcKdeep prater early this morning feisthefirstitime since sHewas beached in the shadow of the Con vention hall with a mysterious fire still raging in her hold Tide Aids Salvagers A high tide helped the salvagers pusli the hulk over the last sandbar and into the open sea It was the work of months for the Merritt Chapman Scott corporations crew to drag her inch by inch more than 300 feet through the sand A Brooklyn drydock is the des tination toward which the tugs be gan hauling the a fair ly even keel Anchor at Brooklyn Before docking the ship however it was planned to anchor it in Gravesend Bay Brooklyn to await a survey by navy officers Asbury Park residents expressed relief at the ships departure The city council once viewed it as a po tential asset and considered pur chasing it from the owners as a permanent museum The crowds of curious visitors dwindled however and a stench arose from the liners hold where rotting half burned hides were stored Newton Youth Badly Hurt in Attempt to Board Moving Train DAVENPORT March 14 Donald Parton 15 of Newton was seriously injured on the C R I P right of way here this morning when be tried to board a moving freight train enroute to his home in Newton His left leg was broken and Ms skull was fractured Police said a viaduct girder bruished him off the car Marion Goforth also of Newton a companion escaped injury Temperatures Above Normal for State as Skies Remain Clear DES MOINES March 14 Clear skies and above normal tem peratures were todays weather of ferings for Iowa Temperatures generally over the state averaged four degrees above normal ranging considerably above this in western Iowa Yesterdays state high was 50 degrees at Coun cil Bluffs and the low 24 at Du buque The weather bureau here forecast partly cloudy conditions for to night and Friday with rising tem peratures tonight Announce First Contract DES MOINES March 14 CSV The relief administration announced the first contract under the new plan for uniform and cooperative medical relief has been signed with Marion countv Roosevelts Forces Win Relief Bout Down Senate Move to Add Restrictions to Measure WASHINGTON March 14 Administration forces won another relief bill today by defeat ing a move by Senator Steiwer R Ore to throw new restrictions around President Roosevelts pow ers in spending the relief fund The Steiwer amendment which was rejected without even the nec essity of a roll call would have limited the transfer of funds from one to another of the eight project classes to 20 per cent of the appro priation embarked for each class As the measure now stands the president may use 20 per cent of the total 800 increase any of the ear marked groupings Insists on Proviso Senator Glass DVa in charge of the bill said President Roosevelt had insisted on this proviso Stei wer said that was news to him Senator Huey P Long DLa asked if that was an order from the executive I hope the senator will not en cumber me with such suggestions Steiwer said And I hope the senator from Louisianna will not encumber me with suggestions that we are talcing orders from anybody Glass re plied president merely ex proviso Defeat Long Proposal Bill advocates previously had turned back 58 to 27 another effort by Long to earmark of the fund for educating needy boys and girls Long however claimed a victory in obtaining a settlement though temporary of the pair situation on the prevailing wage amend ment whereby two absent senators favoring the amendment would be able to offset two votes on the other side of the question Administration leaders however said they were confident of rejecting the McCarran wage proposal Pairs Arranged McCarran said pairs had been arranged for the two democrats now in a hospital who favor his amend ment but he did not know how long he could maintain this status Sena tor Long complained yesterday that pairs for Senators Caraway of Arkansas and Overton of Louisiana had been refused but democratic leaders denied this saying this was a personal matter between in dividual members McCarran said with the return of Senator White R advocate of the prevaailing wage he had been able to pair Overton with Senator Norbeck IR S who on the Turn to 3 riiliimci 2 MOST OF GREECE BACK TO NORMAL Government Hales Leaders of Last Weeks Rebellion Before Courts ATHENS March 14 life returned to most of Greece to day while the government bent on exacting stern penalties for dis loyalty haled the leaders of last weeks revolt before courts mar tial The cruiser Averoff flagship of the rebel fleet rode at anchor in the middle of Salamis bay a sym bol of the revolts collapse The Averoff last of the insurgent warships to be recovered by the government steamed into the bay yesterday under the command of a youthful midshipman The inexperienced middie stepped forward to take charge of the 19 000 ton craft after she had per formed her last service for the rebels in ferrying the insurgent leader Eleutberios Venizelos and his followers from Crete to the Italian island of Cassos Venizelos assured that the Ital ian government would not permit his extradition to Greece for trial was recovering from the strain of the fast moving events of the past few days at a de luxe hotel on the Island of Rhodes HERRING WANTS TO CALL SESSION LATER IN SPRING Suggests Meeting After Federal Relief Plans Are Ready DES MOINES March 14 Gov Clyde L Herring today sug gested to the general assembly that it adjourn in the near future and return possibly In May for a spe cial session after the federal relief program has been formulated The governors suggestion came after a conference with members of both houses and after the chief ex ecutive had received notice of sim ilar action by the Kansas assembly The special session would be called by the governor and would consider pending legislation unfin ished before adjournment in addi tion to the social security program including old age pensions Unem ployment insurance mothers and childrens aid and other plans rec ommended for federal approval Farming Season Drawback The principal drawback to the sug gestion the governor said concerns the farming season when many members of the legislature would of necessity be busy on their farms The question of additional legisla tive pay could be avoided the gov ernor believes by paying the mem bers on a per diem basis for their services so far this session and con tinuing the regular compensation upon their return Reduction of the maximum legal interest which suty be ctkUftd oa loans added its approval to that of house Pare Maximum Rates The measure to pare the maxi mum rates received senate pas sage by a 41 to 6 vote and now goes to the governor for further consid eration having previously passed the house Interest in cases where the rate is not specified would be reduced from 6 to 5 per cent a year legal maximum and the contractual limit fixed at 7 instead of 8 per cent An effort to keep the top rate at 8 per cent on loans of 5300 or less made as an amendment filed by Senator George W Patterson of Burt was defeated 11 to 35 Sen ator Leo Elthon R of Fertile who supported the bill on the senate floor opposed the amendment Auto Testing Stations The senate also passed by a 37 to 8 vote the bill to permit cities and towns to establish automobile test ing stations which had been drafted by the cities and towns committee It adopted without a roll call vote the resolution to memorialize congress for immediate cash pay ment of the soldiers bonus It had already passed the house The testing station measure would permit cities and towns to establish and operate such stations for testing automobiles and truck allow them to collect fees or to issue bonds for the stations estab lishment equipment and operation The amount of fees which might be collected by the cities or towns ITam In Pnro 3 Ailumn 71 The Island of Yar On the Island of Yap which sounds like a musical comedy name but is real the most unusual coins in the world are used by the natives They are stones of a peculiar kind and of varying sizes The largest specimen to be brought to this coun try is 30 inches in diameter and weighs 170 pounds With one of these a Yap native can purchase a wife an 18foot canoe or 10000 coconuts There are many oddities freaks and rarities in coins all of which are told about in Every bodys Coin Book Mailed to any address for 10 cents Use coupon The Mason City GlobeGazette Information bureau Frederic J Haskin director Washington D C I enclose 10 cents in coin carefully wrapped for Every bodys Coin Book Name Street City State Mail to Washington D C ;