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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, March 13, 1946

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 13, 1946, Mason City, Iowa DEjPARTMENT OF li f NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HIUTOSiy AN3 MO 1 NEo voum Agodated Press and OnJted Press Full Leased Wir SETTLE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 13 Tlda Paper Coslists ol Two SoiUonsSeeUon One Report JlussiansJMoving Into Jran British Sources Say Russians Close to Borders of Turkey By JOSEPH GOODWIN Associated Press Correspondent Tehran Iran Russian com bat troops in full campaign kit By JOHN M IHGHTOWER Associated Press Diplomatic Writer Washington Reports of large red army reinforcements moving into Iran put a new strain on Russian American relations Wednesday and threatened a crit ical test of UNOs powers to pre serve peace The reports have yet to be formally confirmed or officially denied but this government has sent a note to Moscow asking what the Russians are up to and why Also the reports have sufficient Tuesdaymght said its information prosoviet government on Iran or was to the effect that during the 2 to brine sufficient threats of last week additional soviet armed force asalnsl Turkey to win ter forces and heavily military comritorial concessions and rights in bat equipment have been moving tiie Dardenelles or 3 that they southward from the direction of may have some designs on the th Iviosul oil Iraq If any of these or a combination were declared by British Sothe1 K ficial state ii till ficial siate Department announce tal and h thls tha they had been received tal and to hP Tne departments statement s cap tal and to be moving southwest across northern Iran close to the borders of Turkey and oilrich The reports caused Secretary of State James F Byrnes to an nounce in Washington Tuesday night the dispatch of another note to Moscow demanding an explana tion This correspondent flew over Karaj 20 miles from Tehran and counted 14 Sherman tanks a score of other vehicles and saw half a dozen red fighter planes at Kazvin to the north Premier Qavam es Saltaneh just returned from inconclusive nego tiations in Moscow over the con tinued presence of Russian troops in Iran declared Wednesdav that no agreements were reached Reports reaching this troubled capital told of Russian combat troops entering the towns of Mi aneh Maragheh jand Miyandaub close to the southernend oE Lake Urima near the Turkish and Iraq borders Hussion troops were obligated by international agreement to have withdrawn by March 2 Instead there were reports of large red army reinforcements moving into Iran A British foreign office spokes man in XjOndon said that govern ment has received reports of con siderable Russian troop move ments toward Tehran ana the Iraq frontier The British expressed concern over the continued pres ence of Russian troop concentra tions in Iran and said the new troop movements were noted as early as March 4 The British foreign office spokesman was quoted in London dispatches as saying the Russian troop movements had increased the gravity of a tense situation Both Iraq and Iran are rich in oil Iran is the worlds fourth larg est producer Leftist agitation has been evi dent in Iran and some political observers expressed belief that the Russian moves near the cap ital might be planned to create unrest and rebellion in Tehran as in the northern province of Azerbaijan The leftist Tudeh party has been especially active in Tehran the past week Russian interest in Turkey has been expressed in at least two phases Russia has demanded that Turkey cede to Russian the Black sea prcninces of Kars and Arda han The Russians also are re ported to have demanded bases in the Dardanelles Premier Qavam said in an in terview with foreign correspond ents that no negotiations are now underway with the Russians I have protested in writing to the soviet government concerning the continued presence of Russian troops in Iran and made a simitar protest orally to Stalin the pre mier said Iranian capital of Tehran and toward that countrys western border The western border divides Iran from Turkey and oilrich Iraq oVcSfhere1 are and Witt 3t 3ny mC In senriinfr mrro fmnrc since wars end in sending more troops into a country from which it was sup tuuiiuy iLurn WiilCil 1C was Slip iiijcr Aimiiy CAJJCLC posed by international agreement unless the Russians change to have withdrawn all its forces by March 2 Speculation on what the Rus utut iii UL HIlUVVll 11JIU U1E sian be UP io covers three united nations security council possibilities Diplomats believe 1 scheduledto open its next mectine tney may be to force a oc r Goering Says Hitler Seized Power to Free Germany Nuernberg Germans his allied judges as if they vvere schoolboys Hermann Goering testified Wednesday that Adolf Hitler sezied power in 1933 to make Germany free The leader among the 2Z nazis on trial for war crimes boast tuny emphasized his own importance in snatching control for the nazi party and asserted that an army plot against Hitler was barely averted a few hours before the first Hitler cabinet took Hs oath 13 RED ARMY ON show reported move ments of Russian combat troops in Iran toward Iraq and luiKey lanks and armored cars are reported in Karai A column was reported moving down the coast to Astara and rrU 1 1 1 i w through Maragheh to Report Ferocious Fight in Mukden Manchuria Suburbs Chiang Troops Clash With China Communists as Russians Withdraw Chungking Chinese Central News agency reported Wednesday night from Mukden that a ferocious fight developed in the southern suburbs of Muk den when unidentified forces at tacked 2 points manned by gov ernment troops and police The dispatch said the clash started at a m and lasted for 3 hours The attackers were re pulsed The government is sending troops into the Manchurian me tropolis as the Russians move out and communist forces are re ported within one to 3 miles of the city Earlier reports of street clashes inside Mukden were not substantiated Russia has not yet informed nier saio ivuasm iniormed The premier now is the do facto China when the withdrawal of 11 r f n f nr rtf TTIFI VA SOVlPt fmiTl n nlt soviet forces from Manchuria will dictator of Iran since the parlia lorces irom Manchuria ment adjourned Tuesday without be completed Vice MinisU extending its life Left wing dem Affairs Liu C h i e h onstrations prevented the depuWednesday ties from obtaining a quarum Iranian law prohibits election of ister of said He told a press conference the Chinese government had received anian promoiis election 01 naa received new parliament while foreign no information that the soviet ops are on Iranian soil evacuation of Jlukden denoted The premier said he was acthe start a ge cepting full responsibility for fmm Manchuria the start of a general withdrawal governing Iran in the absence of Chinese dispatches reported government troops were stream In London a foreign office irg into Mukden and said the spokesman said that the major Russians had withdrawn from consideration of the British gov Points east the railroad town emment was not so much the Tiehling about 50 miles north troop movements themselves as These dispatches grave the im the continued presence red that part of Mukden was the continued presence red army contingents in Iran in communist hands but chron rmy contingents in Iran nanas out cnron He said that the British gov iclefl no largescale fighting Ten was pressing for a reply were rc i its orotest aeainst the contin killed and more than 70 to its protest against the contin ued presence of Russian forces in Iran Elect lowan others taken prisoner In a clash with the communists in the north ern suburbs Uu said Chinai position on the r 1WL tiic Chicago Fi V q Fvtpi of fie open door in of the American Dairy association made clear in heT reply to the meeUng note the organization ject NAZI WAR LORD Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg minister of war in the first Hit ler cabinet died of heart fail ure Wednesday at ihe 116h general hospital where he was waitingto be summoned as a witness In the Nuernberr trials BYRNES SENDS Red Policy in Iran Threatens Critical TestloTlJNO ANOTHER NOTE ASKING REASON is the answer it seems certain that Russian aims will be in sharper conflict with British Top officials here firmly expect course and greatly modify their reported activities the whole is sue again will be thrown into the in New York March 25 In this respect the role of the United Slates may go somewhat beyond that of a leading council member Considerable significance is at tached by authorities here to Sec retary of State Byrnes recent declaration that veto or no veto the American government intends TRUMAN PULLS Agree on Cent PAULEYS Pay Boost flllT flF UUI UP OLllHIt President Withdraws California Oil Mans Name by His Request me American government intends Washineton t Speculation is that on any pro val posal for the council to take strong Tlle presi action on either Iran or Turkey said Pauicys defense Russia would exercise its right ls ffood of veto Byrnes declaration might be interpreted then as meaning that the United States and such other countries as hold the same view would act in spite of the veto years ago The former reichsmarshal dressed in a baggy undecorated gray uniform with a red scarf his neclc charged that the mili tary plot was instigat Kurt von Schleicher following year in the Ernst Roehm blood purge and Gen Curt von Ham merstein Equord former commander of the German army with the help of the Potsdam garri son The prompt return of Gen Werner von Bio mb erg from a disarmament GOERING that the mili Iowa Group Is Against ArmyTraining conference in Switzerland and his nomination as minister of war foiled the plotters Goering said He started his testimony by telling of his career that started 3 decades ago in the Kichthofen air squadron While his whliehaired attorney slowly Questioned him Goerine mentioned the medals he had won and a wound sustained in fight in for the kiisiers rcich The court was packed for the dramatic moment the 34 months trial as the once flamboy ant reichsmarshal took his place before the microphone In a low somber voice Goer ing identified his father as a friend of the British empire builders Cecil Khodes and Joseph Chamberlain He said the first World war left him opposed in every way to the Weimar re public Before Goerlns took the stand Field Marsha Gen Albert Kes selring told the tribunal that he was a principal ad vocate of invading England in the summer of 1940 and that Ger manys defensive air force was ready for that blow weather had not kept our planes down for two days Plan Shorthorn Meelins Des Moines Iowa Shorthorn Breeders association cause thev d to lay postwar plans for cause hey were believed poison expansion of the industrys actixi Minnesota Partly cloudy and mild UGS j L4 i mi You recommended to Reichs marshal Goering that the invasion take place immediately after Dun kerque Justice Hobert H Jack son chief U S prosecutor asked Yes and I still represented that view later on the witness testifying in Goerings defense as serted Yes the invasion was only called off because there were not sufficient seagoing craft Kesselring said the British evac uation at Dunkerque would have increased in catastrophe if bad Mason Clly Mostly cloudy and not kept our continued mild weather Wed By HOWARD DOBSON Associated Press Correspondent Washington fP Compulsory military training couldnt get more than one or two grudging votes out of Iowas congressional dele gation right now They havent had to go on rec ord about it yet and some hope they wont have to but their minds have been pretty well made up by persistent mail from back home The tenor ot the mail they say is this We must be prepared but we dont want our boys doing a lot of Prussian goosestepping We can be prepared without that Senator Wilson who is on the military committee is the most outspoken on the subject He is opposed to the universal training program asked by the army and says so flatly We were not delayed in this war by having to train men he asserted recently but because we had to convert our industrial organization Another war would he even more technical than this one so what is more sensible than greater encouragement in our i schools for technical and scientific training Universal military training just doesnt make sense any more The atomic bomb has changed all that Senator Hickenlooper shares this opinion to a large extent but has had a ringside seat in the sen ate struggle over what to do about atomic energy He is on the com mittee studying means of control ling atomic research and still is frankly perplexed as to the final answer on national preparedness Lacrosse is one of the collegi ate sports that continued through out the war of the navy The president acted at Pauicys good name has been iant and conclusive In a letter Mr Truman told Pauley that met the chal lenge of his nomination facts and added You answered prejudice with a complete and forthright resume of your career and with an amaz ing patience under continued mis representation AnnouncementoC the with drawal also came from Chairman Walsh D Mass of the senate naval affairs committee after a 30 minute closed session of the group At the same time Walsh handed reporters a statement declaring that the committee commends Pauley for his patriotic action in requesting the president to with draw his nomination The action wound up G weeks of controversy which boiled up at one point in the explosive resigna tion of Harold L Ickes as secre tary of interior Ickes had crit icized the nomination The white house made public an agreement for an ISVi cents an houv f anc creation of an j lund brought an end Wednesday to the 113 day old General Motors strike I Accepting the cents an hour offer of the manage ment the CIO United Auto Workers said in a statement hit the W hSS Trumans faoU thestrike an early return to work of 175000 SenP the D m the country Just pjants W1 be reopened was not immediately disclosed Vice President Walter P Reuther said the men could start back some time next week Man agement did not comment im mediately on this statement The settlement was achieved after an unprecedented negotia tion meeting between union and corporation which lasted 17 con tinuous hours after having begun Tuesday night The union said the peace terms EDWIN IPAULEY an exchange of letters between the president and Pauley shortly aft er the note of withdrawal was sent to Leslie Biffle secretary of the senate After expressing his full con lidence in Pauley the president wrote I shall reluctantly with draw your nomination But I shall do so not without the President added Your honor integrity fi delity to duty and capacity for public service have been complete ly established All of these considerations and circumstances fully justify the confidence which I reposed in you and which prompted me to call you to the service of the depart ment of the navy So you stand before your countrymen after vi cious and unwarranted attacks with integrity unscathed with ability unquestioned with honor unsullied Neither the president nor Pau Weather Boosts Mercury Millinery Sales The southlands balmy breezes came visiting to Mason City Wed nesday pushing the mercury up to a new high for the year and boost ing the sale of spring millinery no doubt The thermometer reg istered GG degrees at 2 p m com pared with the seasons previous high of G3 on March 3 The si new high fol lowing a mini mum of 44 de grees the pre vious night Fur coats were rare and those were uniform ly worn open Men in suit gaa9 coats without WARMER t o p c o a Is also were seen fre quently City employes blasted ice jams in Willow creek Tuesday evening and through the night and City Engineer Waldo Wegner said Wednesday that it looked os if the ice was out of the creek includ with General Motors surpassed Hie economic and noneconomic terms recommended by President Truman and his fact finding board and tops the tremendous wage victories already won throughout the automobile industry Thesevictories the union said were a result of the campaign spearheaded by the courageous and determined strike of the Gen eral Motors workers Union headquarters here in its announcement declared it and the top GM negotiating committee shall heartily recommend ac ceptance of the terms to the na tional GM conference of local delegates to be convened here Friday In view of this ratification wax regarded as certain General Motors previously had said that it probably would be in position to place all the 175000 workers back on the job within a week or 10 days of ratification Ratification by the locals would be expected within a few days after the conference approves the settlement An exact date when GM could resume its production of automo biles in nearly 100 plants thus was uncertain General Motors the union said has agreed to grant the general 18 rz cent an hour increase and other economic gains to all mis cellaneous units of employes in cluding office workers clerical plant other 1 water Weather Report FORECAST nesday night and Thursday with rain showers Thursday Iowa Cloudy and continued un seasonably mild weather Wed nesday night and Thursday with showers beginning in ex treme south portion Wednesday night Strikes At a Glance w devrfopmentl By ASSOCIATED PRESS 750000 Major fv tuai producers not expected to start until granted 0 vv nuii aim smelter workers hourly wage increase by Scoville one of bie 3 f XTntB in v j uuny wage increase oy Scoville one of bie 3 S ite XT6 T means reopening oiuig waterbury Conn plant on Monday after 5weeks strike a Wednesday night and Thursday except cooler north Thursday Occasional showers extreme south Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 55 JVIinimum 44 At 8 a m Wednesday 49 Precipitation 01 YEAR AGO Maximum 4g Minimum 33 Gloria Cuts Off Mothers Allowance to Help Blind Qoria vanderbilt Stokowski says she has ce her mother Mrs Gloria Mor said many said purpose Vanderbilt was quoted in GLORIA STOKOWSKI Off Mather MRS VANDERBILT Her Own Now workers technicians and protection employes and such groups PATTERSON FOR DRAFT PROGRAM Gives Views at Closed Meeting of Committee Washington fP Secretary of War Robert P Patterson advo cated extension of the draft law Wednesday at a closed meeting of the house military committee Patterson was one of four wit nesses heard by the committee in a discussion of the military needs of the United States and the world situation generally The others were Secretary of Siate James F Byrnes General of the Army Dwight D Eisen hower army chief of staff and General Carl Spaatz head of the army air forces The selective service act ex pires May 15 unless renewed by congress Legislation extending it for six months has been intro duced by Chairman May D Ky A statement prepared by the war department and released by May said Patterson outlined these tasks which the army will face during the occupation period 1 The occupation in Europe Japan and Korea 2 The training ot new men to replace longservice men overseas 3 The maintenance of lines communication and supporting in stallations in the United States for the occupation forces 4 The provision of forces which can be made available to the united nations organization 5 The maintenance of the key points in our national security structure such as the Panama Canal Alaska and the air bases along the approaches to the United States 5 The maintenance of an ade quate program of intelligence and research and development 1 The overriding requirement to present a strong military post ure in a world which is still un settled The nations supply ot grape AP mrphwo materially greater syear In Florida along there is an estimated increase of 43 per cent ;