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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 13, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT GtVfMOK IN44 f MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION V1L L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 13 1941 NO 13S One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KCLO aUin City Sunday 4 p KHMO HaanJbll Tuesday p KSll Iowa Cils Thursday p WOI ABU p m KSCJT Sioux City Friday p Should America Be Made Over THOSE with a waning or waver ing faith in free enterprise and democracy would do well to spend a couple evenings with Henry W Wriston president of Brown uni versity This can be done by ob taining a copy of his book titled Challenge to Freedom j Whether you agree with his premises or conclusions youll find it a most stimulating and thoughtprovoking treatise ad dressed to presentday and to postwar America By many educators Doctor Wris ton is regarded as the nations ablest university president He is a native of Wyoming and before going to his present position in Rhode Island a half dozen years or so ago he was president of Lawrence college over in Wiscon sin my guess is that hes a republican he does not approach his assignment in this book from any narrow partisan base He doesnt hesitat at all to talk bluntly about republican mistakes of the last postwar era culminat ing in the SmootHawley sky high tariff bill So much by way of introduction to the author I think it helps in a fair appraisal of his views FjOCTOR Wristons starting as Reds Capture Kherson Stronghold in Ukraine sumption in his Challenge to U Freedom is that much which has been done in the past dozen years under the cloak of new deal and social planning is in truth men tal and moral defeatism and a wholly of the unwarranted repudiation governmental philosophy which has brought America wellbeing and greatness never even approached at any other time or in any other place The most important need of the hoar he points out in his introductory paragraph is to re cover a living faith in the institu tions we are fighting to preserve As defensive warfare will no bring victory so a defensive atti tude about our institution will no peace Now is the lime to renew the bases of demo cratic government to clarify and seized reformulate i t s principles to strengthen faith inthe worth o the individual and to enlarge thi opportunities for freedom THOSE with hearts intent on making over America he ad dressed this ringing challenge A brave new world is not a requi site peace Indeed blueprints of Utopia are much better de scribed as evidences of irrespon sibility and open the way to realistic reaction We can best reach the goal of peace by helping the brave OLD world abandon the sins that made it weak anQ recover the courage that made it heroic Not by escapist dreams about the future but by building upon the deep and firm founda tions of the past will peace come to the earth My own reading of this Wriston book followed only a few nights after my perusal Stuart Chases latest Wheres the Money Com ing From Mr Chose is one of the countrys half dozen most vocal exponents of the socalled managed economy In his think ing thevc is no such thing as an immutable law o government or economics Doctor Wriston assails the whole idea of managed economy re fers to it as so much hoe wash recalls the numerous instances in history the devices of the contemporary social planner hare been tried and found want ins The contrast between he two books is nothing short ol monumental NAZIS DISCARD EQUIPMENT IN RUSH TO FLEE Advance Is at Rate of Almost 1 Mile an Hour Across Muddy Terrain BULLETIN London UPI Premier Josef talin announced Monday night hat the red army had captured Kherson stronghold north of the Dnieper Estuary in the Ukraine Moscow Ivan S Conevs army advancing almost a mile an hour turned the Ger man retreat across the muddy southern Ukraine into a panic stricken rout M o n cl a y with enemy troops abandoning even rities and gas masks in theii flight Smashing through to the middle Bug on a steadilywidening front Konevs 2nd Ukrainian forces drove enemy remnants into the river and hundreds drowned An other 2500 German dead Uttered the approaches to the river The official newspaper Pravda lid the German retreat had reached the stage where troops were throwing aside knapsacks ammunition containers light ma chine guns rifles and gas masks in their panicky efforts to escape the soviet juggernaut They previ ously had abandoned their tanks selfpropelled gun batteries store and other heavy equipment A lightning 20mile advanci Sunday brought Konevs forces ti the middle Bug along a 5mil front after engulfing more than 60 towns and villages Raised for Red Cross War Fund Returns arent sensational in the Cerro Gordo county Red Cross drive but funds continue to come in accompanied by reports that The capture of the railwaj junction of Gaivoron on th north bank of the Bug cut a lin linking Pervomaisfc with th Odessa Warsaw trunk line an brought the Russians to with 41 miles of the OdessaWarsav line itself 50 miles northeast o Bessarabia and 130 miles nort of Odessa Dzulinka 5 mile northwest of Gaivoron also xva IT WOULD of course be impos sible in the lime at my com mand to do more than hint at some of the fundamental conten tions contained in Doctor Wristons book Some 1 hope on both sides of the argument will be promptcc by my sketchy preview to obtain a copy of the book for leisurely reading Agree or disagree youl call it an able presentation of the Wriston philosophy With this mind let me dip into the volume for some key contentions In every period of moral con fusion the state gains in author ity When the state becomes too strong the exercise of power be comes an end in itself Moral re straint disappears It has gone to its logical extreme in the axis Democracy is founded upon the assumption that ultimately net necessarily at a given momen but over the long do the reasonable thing Democracy h based a moral the relative worth not the financial worth no the economic potential but th spiritual worth of the individua human being The program of the socalled socialservice state is based too nearly upon the assumption that Turn to Face 2 Tien and women in all walks of life are iberally Close to more was added o the amount raised Monday pushing the total figure to The goal of the campaign is 551500 in Cerro Gordo county Che national figure set for the ted Cross war fund drive is We must keep in mind how ever that 551500 is the minimum quota for this county said Gen eral Chairman Paul Pritchard We cant be under Mint figure and we should go over it to dem onstrate to the world that we are supporting this organization in its worldwide program Solicitation among employes in small business places is nearing completion In business establish ments with 10 or more consid erable work still remains to be done Returns from rural sections are just beginning to come in with every indication that rural dwel lers are giving liberally giving gladly and jiving Some 35 2000 trucks an much other booty were captured The 3rd Ukrainian army 12 miles to the southeast forced th nfful river last barrier bcfor he lower Bug under heavy my fire and captured Ulyanovka inly 20 miles north of the Black ea port of Nikolaev in a drive hat threatened to outflank that tronghold At Ulyanovka Gen Rodion Y Malinovskys forces were only 9 miles northeast and almost with n sight the Bug river estuary ixty other towns and villages also were captured on Malinov skys front The 4th Ukrainian army inten sified pressure against the Ger mans southeastern flank with an advance from its new bridgehead on the northwest bank of the low er Dnieper to Tyaginka 22 miles northeast of Kherson At the opposite end of the 500 mile battle line the 1st Ukrainian army tightened its siege arc around the railroad junction of Prokurov on the OdessaWarsaw ine with the capture of Mats kovtsy 4 miles to the west and Nizhnie Volkovtsy G to the southwest The fall of Nizhnic Volkovtsy cut a branch line running from Proskurov to Gusyatin In one sector alone the Rus sians killed 1200 Germans and destroyed 40 tanks and selfpro pelled guns The battle for Tarnopol GO miles west of Proskurov was re Strike ofl 00000 British Miners Is Slowly Breaking Up London weekold strike of 100000 miners which is estimated to have cost Britain 300 tons of coal began slowly breaking up Monday with reports indicating possibly a 3rd of the men back at work The situation as a whole how ever was confused Some miners who voted Sunday to return te their jobs turned around and went home this morning attei meetings at the pitheads The shutdown still was complete ii some ureas A ministry of fuel official ii Wales said the situation there was so fluid that we are unable to make any estimate yet con cerning the number back at We will not have a proper pic lure until later in the day Webster City Physician Is Found Dead in Auto Webster City f Dr E F Rambo 54 Webster City surgeoi and physician was found dead in his automobile Monday havin died from a cerebral hemorrhag after returning from a call in th country A veteran of World wa 1 Dr Bambo is survived by hi widow and 3 children Increase Goal for Vegetables in 1944 Des Moines 194 goal for vegetables to be canne and processed is 77300 acres com pared with 74200 acres in 1943 Sweet corn with a 65000 acr goal is the largest crop a 3000 acre increase over last year Prin cipal other crops arc tomatoe peas green beans and cucumbers 10000 HUMBOLDT MAN KILLED YOUTH UNDER ARREST Farm Hand Admits Beating Employer Caught in Missouri Cameron Mo Troop r Robert Walker said Sunday night Ronald Ackland 21 arrested after a highway accident north of Winston Mo had confessed to beating and choking to death his employer Lester R Giddings 48 in the latters farm home near Humboldt Iowa early Sunday No charges have been filed against Ackland Trooper Walker said Ackland signed a statement relating this story Ackland had been drinking at a dance Saturday night at Fort Yanks Plan Direct Challenge to Luftwaffe to Air Battles Dieckmann WithN W States Company 37 YearsSuccumbs George p Dieckmann 68 associated with the Northwestern States Portland Cement company of Mason City for nearly 37 years as chem ical engineer and research chemist died suddenly at oclock Dodge Iowa and later fight with Giddings he in hit the the The 4th arm of the Red Cross ymbol is nearly half blacked out s Mondays returns boosted the otal raised in the Red Cross war uud campaign in this county to 34516 The symbol will be out when I IIP county caches its quota of 511500 GIVE PROMOTION TO OOOLITTLE Flyer Nominated to Be Lieutenant General Washington Maj Gen James H Doolittle commanding the 8th air force in England was nominated b y President Roosevelt Mon day to be a lieu tenant general The 47 yeai old officer held Ii c lemporary rank of lieuten ant colonel when he led the raid on Tokyo April 18 1942 After this at tack lie w a s promoted DOOHTTLE to brigadier general and awarded the Congres sional Medal of Honor In July 1942 he was sent to the European theater for the first time attached to the 8th air force A few months later he was named commander of the 12th air force in North Africa He returned to England as 8th air force commander the first of this year farmer with a whisky bottle then mocked him down with a ham mer on the back porch and choked him to death Thc young farm hand had con sidered killing Giddings for some time but gave no reason Acklands mother Mrs Bess Ackland had been Gidclings housekeeper for 6 years but was not at the home Saturday night After the slaying Ackland slartecl for Kansas City in Gid dings car but went to sleep at the wheel and collided with a car driven by Charles A Hill of Kansas City Walker said he was called to the scene by Hill and started ques tioning Ackland about the car which appeared to be stolen Ack land finally saidthere was some thing more serious than the car and then told about the killing Walker said Deputy Sheriff H Bradley Sgt JE Clapp highway patrolman and T A Thompson of the Iowa state bureau of investigation came to Cameron after Acklnnd and said they would go to Des Moines first expecting to arrive in Humboldt at noon Monday with the prisoner Giddings who was not married was found dead on the floor of an inclosed back porch at his home by J F Green a trucker who went to the farm to load cattle Humboiat county Coroner C A Newman said Giddings had been killed about a m His body was found 9 hours later 2 Soldiers Victims in Barracks Flames Fort Sheridan 111 UR Two soldiers were burned to death and 3 others were injured when fire of an undetermined origin swept through a temporary bar racks nt Fort Sheridan Sunday causing damage estimated at S100000 The dead were listed as William A Lee 50 Kali River Mass and Guy S Blcistein 45 St Petersburg Va ported in fighting its 4th day ot street HAWKS WONT BE IN NCAA MEET SPORTS BULLETIN Iowa City its decision for the 2nd time within a week the University o Iowa announced Monday it would not participate in the Western NCAA basketball playoff at Kansas City March 2425 E G Schroeder director of athletics said the de cision was reached because 6 members of the squad had en countered complications that would prevent them from play ing One player suffered an in jury in practice 3 cannot get time off from their studies for the tourney and 2 expect to be in military service by that time Schroeder explained MEDAL FOR ASTRONOMER London Royal Astro OPERA CONDUCTOR DIES New York serv ices will be held in St Patricks athcdral Tuesday for Carlo Per oni 59 conductor of the San Car o Opera company for the last 20 years who died Sunday APPLY FOR BALLOTS St Paul Minn than 3500 Minnesota servicemen anc women have made application for November election ballots Secre tary of State Mike Holm said Monday Nationwide Limits on Use of R Coupons to Be Put Into Effect Washington Nationwide restrictions on use oE offhighway R gasoline ration coupons will o into effect April 1 in a move the office of price administra tion says is designed to seal off a substantial leakage to the black market The new a suc cessful trial in Florida and Georgia the agency in validale the 5gallon R cou pons for use at filling stations thus permitting their exchange only at bulk plants or on thc premises of purchasers who have storage tanks The only exceptidn provides for acceptance of R coupons at filling stations with 50 per cent of their business in bulk trans fers Approval of OPA district offices must be obtained how ever Fanners and other nonhigh way users desiring to continue purchasing at any other filling station will be required to use onegallon E coupons OPA said emphasizing that regular ra tions for automobiles are not af fected by thc new restrictions Sunday afternoon at his home 1103 Jefferson N W of a heart attack following a short illness Mr Dieckmann was formerly chief chemist with the local ce ment company and at the time of Ills death was technical adviser of the sales department He worked until Friday evening when he was taken ill Born Sept 3 1875 ill Berlin Germany the son of Ludwis and Fredericks Kelzlaff Dieckmann Mr Dieckmann was educated iu the Gymnasium and the Frederick Wilhelm U V of Berlin and later the Technology Institute of Charlotteiiburc Germany In 1900 he became assistant1 chemist at Hie Alsen Portland Ce ment company of Hamburg Ger many and in 1901 he came to the United States He was with the Alsen Portland Cement company of Hamburg Germany at New York in 190102 and was chief chemist of the Empire Portland Cement company Warners N Y in 1903Oii From 1305 to 1907 lie was chief chemist ot the Peninsular Port land Cement company Jackson Mich and came to Mason City in 1907 as chief chemist and chemi cal engineer of the Northwestern States Portland Cement company In 1940 he was awarded a gold watch by thc company in recogni tion of his years of faithful serv ice Mr Dieckmann was married to Meta Ida Marx March 14 1905 at Goerlitz Province of Silesia Germany He was naturalized as an American citizen in 1908 During World War I he was a field agent of the United States Navy department He was a member of the American Insti tute of Chemical Engineers American Society for Test in E Ma terials the Masonic Lodge A F A M the I O O F the Elks and the German Lutheran church Surviving arc his wife 3 sons Richard P Dieckmann Jackson ville Fla Herbert W Dieck mann Allentown Pa and Ralph 11 Dieckmann Mason City a granddaughter Georgia Ann Dieckmann Allentown Pa and a grandson George Ansley Dieck mann Jacksonville Fla He was preceded in death by a brother Richard and by one son in in fancy Funeral arrangements are in complete The McAulcy and Son GEORGE P DIECKMANN MODERATE VOTE HERE MONDAY 534 Votes Cast in Mason City at 2 p in The contested school election in Mason City in which 4 candidates are seeking 2 vacancies on the board of directors seemed to be getting out a moderate vote Mon day despite the snowstorm At 2 p m 534 votes line been cast as compared with 137 a year ago when there was no contest The comparative vote by wards MAY ANNOUNCE GOALS BEFORE STARTING RAIDS Spaatz Prepared for Extreme Measures to Eliminate Nazi Fighters London high official source said Monday that the growing combat reluctance of the German air force might cause LI Gen Carl A Spaatz to announce his bombing targets in advance as a direct challenge to the nazis to come ui and fight The source said a regular broadcast to Germany announc ing that American bombers were on thc way to a specified target might be the only way and the logical last recourse in the at tempt to get the nazi fighter squadrons into thc air The luitwalfe is not yet licked but allied air leaders have got its number it they have not yet got it clown thc informant said Spaatz cjommantlcr of U S strategic air forces over Europe was represented as prepared to adopt extreme measures soon in an effort to draw the German fighters aloft so the Americans can get at them and carry through on intensifying campaign of elimination before the invasion of western Europe Thc Germans still have con siderable fighter strength the of ficial source warned and thc first clear day on which American bombers strike deep into the reich they are likely to run into heavy battles But the source believed that the air would be decisive if the was as follows Ward 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1914 94 205 150 85 1943 Total 534 137 funeral home in charge SNOW WIND ARE FORECAST Drifting Predicted for State Tuesday Des Moiiies weather bureau Monday forecast snow ac companied by wind that will blow it into drifts for Iowa Monday night and Tucsflay The bureau said the state would have rain or snow Monday changing toftmow which would range from mod erate to heavy in various sec tions Much colder temperatures also were forecast Winds will be 25 to 35 miles nn hour The polls close at 7 p m The voting places for the 1 wards are as follows adminis tration building garage tral Auto Electric company weather over the continent could be eliminated as a factor for 30 to CO daysAlready the German air force is backed up behincTtTicT BrunswickLeipzig line in front of which the American bombers operate with virtual impunity he said Continue Air Attacks on Nazis London IP British mosquiln lumbers attacked unspecified ob ULU The candidates include 2 which 1 western Germany Sun iire being sponsored by the joint legislative council of the Mason City labor unions They are Hen ry Rheingans president Mason City Trades and Labor assembly and Clarence Ramsey president of the local union of the Pack inghouse Workers Organizing committee CIO The other 2 can didates are Dr George M Crnbb local surgeon and now president of the board and Roy L Bailey local insurance man and president of the high school P T A Complete Closing of Eires Border Believed Inevitable London outright closing of northern Irelands border with Eire to give full effect to the suspension of travel between the islands of Britain and Ireland was a near prospect Monday All reports from Belfast northern Ireland said this the British government could regarded MS inevitable as Monday by Colonel Bryan Hou the allies moved with hard ston deputy administrator of the Admit Possibility That Gas Rations in Midwest May Be Cut Washington possibil ity that basic A gasoline rations in the midwest and west may he trimmed from 3 to 2 gallons a week to match thc eastern sea board ration was acknowledged Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ism to end the alleged use of neu tral Eire as an axis spy base Certain other steps of n nature not now to be disclosed may also be taken AH travel except in cases of greatest urgency was suspended between Britain and Ireland whether northern Ireland or Eire by a British home office order Sunday nfcht 2 days after Eires Prime Minister Eamon de Valera had announced his refusal to ac cede to a United Stales request that German and Japanese diplo matic offices in the country be closed The order resulted from an urgent request by Gen Dwight D Eisenhower allied invasion com mander who was said to have in formation that axis represenla nomical society has awarded a gold tives in Eire constituted a serious medal to Dr Otto Stnive dirccI menace to military security tor of the Ycrkcs and McDonald observatories for his work on ob servation and interpretation of the spectra of stars and nebulae it was announced Monday There was nothing to indicate that allied moves were likely to go as far as the application of eco nomic sanctions against Eire The British were going slowly leaving the initiative largely to the United Stales because of the ancient feud with the Irish and also for these other practical considerations 1 Southern Irish volunteers make up a considerable part of the British armed forces 2 Great numbers of southern have been esti mated as high as a quarter mil in British war plants 3 The ending of all trade with Eire would in some respects oper ate to the disadvantage of the British as well as the Irish There seems to be no wavering in support of neutrality and of de Valeras stand the Associated Press Dublin correspondent r ported The answer to all my questions was we know neutrality and all it implies meant sacrifice This correspondent said that po lice were on guard at the German legation in Dublin and allowin no one to loiter around the build ing Eduard Hempel the German minister lives with his wife and five children near Quecnstown office of price administration Colonel Houston said Hie plan was advocated by thc petroleum administration for war as a means of equalizing supplies over thc country OPAs decision may be an nounced Tuesday he said if the civilian allocation oC gasoline for the 2nd quarter of the year start ing April 1 is transmitted by PAW to OPA Monday night as expected If the midwestern and far western curtailment is or dered it probably will be placed in effect by extending each series of A coupons to last 3 months in stead of the present 2 months of ficials said It was acknowledged that only a small savings in gaso line would be accomplished PAW Administrator Harold L Ickes long has cherished the idea of pitting rations on an equal basis over the nation Weather Repprt FORECAST Mason City Considerable snow Monday night and Tuesday slowly risingtemperature low est Monday night jibout 2B at Mnson City colder Tuesday af ternoon fresh to strong wincls or snow changing to day night without loss the air ministry announced Monday and shortly after their return allied daylight formations were heard 2 GERMAN SHIPS HIT OFF SPAIN Nazis International Law Is Violated Allied Headquarters Naples r i t i s h beaufighters on sweeps against German shipping in the western Mediterranean at tacked and hit 2 cnctnv supply ships off the Spanish coast driv ing 1 to the beach and leaving the other sinking il was an nounced Monday A Berlin broadcast by the propaganda agency international information bureau asserted thc attack was a violation of inter national law It said n British Blenheims sank the 3700 ton German refrigerator ship Kirissi in Spanish waters Sunday off thc moderate to locallv heavy thc 10 of with blowing driftins snowilhc crcw and 15 Monday night and Tuesday i Al lhc s a m c time an allied much colder Tuesday and in eotnimmiquc said that naval northwest portion Monday nightilorccs m llle Adriatic had sunk 1 winds 2535 miles an hour Ol lcl enemy in Nc relva channel on the Jugoslav Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bo jr Minnesota Light snow north and moderate to locally heavy snow south portion Tuesday with blowing and drifting snow Colder late Monday night and Tuesday Wind 25 miles per hour in the north and 25 to 35 south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 24 Minimum Sunday night 16 At 8 a m Monday 20 YEAR AGO Maximum 3f Minimum 13 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 40 Minimum Saturday night 13 At 8 a m Sunday 13 AGO Maximum 39 Minimum 1 heading toward northern France The identity of thc daylight planes was hidden by low clouds and rain squalls but coastal resi dents said they sounded like bombers Depending only on their own guns for safety a formation of American liberators hit enemy military installations in the Pas DcCalais region of France Sun day in the first U S heavy bomb er operation in months without fighter escort AH the big aircraft returned home from the foray their 2nd in as many clays without loss against objectives along the in vasion coast Thc accomplishment underscored the allies growing air superiority Throughout Sundays round trip flight nf approximately 100 miles he Germans offered no fighter opposition The liberator mission followed the 8th night blow ot the month by RAF moEquitos Thc wooden bombers hit the bombwrecked port of Hamburg Saturday night for the first time since Jan 1 One plane failed to return from this and a coordinated attack on unspecified objectives in western Germany German raiders over England Sunday night set off Londons warning system for the first time since last Wednesday but there was no immediate report of any damage r loss ol life A weak enemy raid Saturday night de molished 2 houses and killed sev eral persons in a southeastern coast town An air ministry announcement Sunday night said that Augs burgs 150acre M A N Uboat engine larg extensively damaged by American and British attacks late in February Hardly a factory escaped damage thc report said fronts patrols in a broadcast Sunday night to coast Friday night and the other below Ancona the next night A number of Germans cap tured when the 1st went down On thc Anzio beachhead allied artillery fire was increased con siderably in strength Sunday the communique said On the 3 land clashed with small enemy groups at several points but bad weather prevented any large scale action Poor visibility and rain limited allied air activity to 300 sorlics Sunday but fighterbombers hit at enemy shipping in thc western Mediterranean and bridges and trains on Italys west coast One enemy aircraft was destroyed All allied planes returned Allied airmen sent 3S German planes crashing to earth during attacks Saturday on targets in i Genoa Padua Florence and the Buy War Savings Bonds and French naval base of Toulon Thc Stamps from your GlobeGazette allies lost H planes carrier boy thc United States Brig Gen George McDonald director ot in telligence for thc U S strategic air forces in Europe indicated that possibly 3000 allied planes attacked nazi targets in one day last month Thc greatest number of air craft ever put into the air against Germany look part in operations Feb 25 he faid against various targets ;