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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, March 13, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 13, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES OES KOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION JJASONCITYJOWA SATURDAY MARCHTJU943 S PAPER CONSS7S OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE jtj Jyid rvucn CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS ONE NO 133 RECORD RAF ATTACK MADE ON ESSEN Morgan Finance Wizard Dies HEART AILMENT CAUSES DEATH OF BANKER 75 Succumbs in Florida Where He Had Gone for Vacation of Fishing BOCA GRANDE Fla Pierpont Morgan of New York wizard of finance ami the ruler of a tremendous banking empire died at a m Saturday at this isolated Gulf of Mexico island to which he had come for a vacation at fishing The 75 year old financier suc cumbed to a recurring heart ail ment which twice before in recent years hod stricken him He lapsed into a coma three days agn and never regained consciousness The multimillionaire head of the house of Morgan became ill Feb 25 on a train enroute to Boca Grande Upon his arrival he walked the two blocks from ihe railroad station to a resort cottage at the exclusive Caspar ilia inn He went to bed immecli tely and although twice he rat lied and made progress never fully recovered With Morgan at the end were a son LieutComdr Henry Sturgis Morgan of the naval reserve who had arrived a few hours earlier and a daughter Mrs Paul G Pennoyer Another daughter Mrs George Nichols had been at the bedside earlier but left when her father appeared to be winning his light SHe could not get back in time The financiers elder son Comdr Junius Spencer Morgan is on foreign duty with the navy Dr H SPatterson Morgans personal physician who flew from New York to take charge of the sickroom announced the death The body will be taker to New York on a train leaving here late Saturday afternoon Lieutenant Commander Morgan and Mrs Pennoyer will be in attendance aboard the special Pullman car During Morgans illness resi dents tourists respected the familys desire for privacy and no crowds curious ever gathered around the roomy cottage Except for the presence of three physicians six nurses and a few newspapermen there was no out ward sign that one of the nations most powerful figures was des in the little resort perately ill town In fact Morgan had been in bed for more than a week before the outside world learned that he was U The first word came from his office at 23 Wall street in New York where associated announced that he had been stricken and that they were concerned Upon Morgans death his as sociates in New York issued tiiis statement The directors of 7 p Morgan and Co Inc announce with deep est regret the death of Mr 1 P Morgan at Boca Grande Fla is U Son of the first John Pierpont Morgan who founded the fa mous banking firm in the 1890s Morgan headed the firm through the first World war the world depression of the and in this second World war During the first World war his bank handled for the allies loans amounting to hundreds of millions of dollars and after the war float ed billions of dollars in loans in Wall Street for foreign govern ments The United States lendlease program took care of the allies most pressing needs in this war and bankers found their greatest usefulness in helping finance this governments bond issues It was on tiiis subject that Mor gan gave his last public statement issued Sepl 18 1942 y jf Nowhere in these days he said can a safer investment be found for savings than V S sovcmment bonds and of all the issues the war savings bonds seem Jhe most advantageous Time put its mark on the house of Morgan and on the banker himself He was wounded by an assailant seehjng to discourage his efforts in helping the allies in the first World war the wellguarded bank building at 23 Wall street was scarred 1920 JOHN PIEUPONT MORGAN by a mysterious blast jn 1933 a senate investiga n MI v tion oncncd to the public view for fhe first time the banks records and its varied enterprises In 1940 the name of the firm was changed from J P Morgan and Company a partnership to J P Morgan and Company Inc Morgan became board chairman instead at a partner Later one of his associates said the partnership had been changed to a corporate status because inheritance taxes raised difficulties of keeping the banks capital intact as partners died or withdrew At the time of incorporation the firm was the greatest stronghold of unlimit ed liability in the nation with deposits of more than SGOOOOO 000 The partners had pledged llieir fortunes and reputations behind those obligations But because thefirm is now u corporation the Morgan name may be perpetuated even if there were no more Morgans to carry on the banking tradition although there The old partnership rules would have made it necessary to drop the J P Morgan title a Morgan had ceased to have a hand in the business The 1933 senate investigation revealed that the 20 partners held 161 directorships in cor porations which had total as sets of 20 billio dollars but Morgan associates later said many of the corporations were merely subsidiaries of one an other Morgan resembled his father weighing about 200 pounds broad shoulders heavy eyebrows small eyes large nose and the same tone of voice In later years he grew increas ingly deal and used a hearing de vice His pleasures were yachting raising flowers playing back gammon shooting grouse in Scot land He shot grouse with Kin George VI The monarch invited Morgan to to his coronation in IH Morgan went but suf fered a second heart attack and could not be present His first attack was in 1936 at ilic home of his sister Mrs V P Crosby at West Manchester Mass other minor attacks fol lowed One of Morgans likes was Plenty of yachts big automobiles The ceiling in his office was three stories high Once he had an English car made to order with a special top so he could sit in it without taking off his high silk hat He dressed conservatively and had an English valet by the name of Henry Physick Morgan owned two homes one in Piew York City and an estate at Glen Cove Long Island In the shooting season he rented a in Scotland He was an ardent churchman and Bible student and for many years lie was a warden of the Protestant Episcopal Church of St Johns of Latingtown Locust Val ley Long Island There he passed the collection plate At Christmas lime in peace time he annually imported tuns from China to distribute of tea among his friends Morgan took both his sons into the banking business him wini null They were made partners but in 1934 because of the banking act restricting bank dealings in sc cuntics Henry relinquished his partnership to become an officer in Morgan Stanley Company an investment house sponsored bv the bank The bankers wife the former Jane Norton Grew died of sleep ing sickness in 1325 Underground Reports Received That Petain Is in Critical Condition ALGIERS jpt Underground reports which reached French North Africa Saturday said Mar shal Pelain suffared a stroke several days ago and is in a criti cal condition and probablv dying in a hospital near Vichy Petains illness was reported being kept secret from the French public Buy War Savings Bonds and Mumps from your CloneGazette carrier boy Tax Receipt Peaks Set in Most Areas By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Record breaking receipts in most districts contrasted sharply with an I wont pay attitude among thousands of workers Sat urday as Americans dug clown to give their government its greatest income tax in history Tax filings were far ahead of past years in New York Chicago Los Angeles Seattle and many other areas as the March 15 dead line approached a survey dis closed But in Cleveland lie internal revenue office reported war workers were adopting a come andgclme pose and in Portland Ore where more than 100000 shipyard workers have settled in the past year collections were be low the 1042 level In New Yorks second the richest income ax district in the poured S70 000000 inlo internal revenue of fices Friday alone One out of every 20 letters handled by the Chicago postoffice irjday was addressed to the in ternal revenue office making the collector the biggest postal cus tomer m the citys history In the Chicago loop a twoblock line four abreast waited to file returns one man turningin a checkfor SioOOOOO as quarterly payment of a corporations tax bill lowan Faints as He Files Tax Return DAVENPORT in come tax hits some harder than others this year Robert Davenport made v Saturday he fainted Police revived him He he was weakened by a cold Bergesoo 19 out his return Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Considerably cold er Saturday night and Sunday forenoon lowest temperatures Sunday forenoon in Mason Citv n Winds becoming strong Sun day forenoon IOWA Occasional light rain Sat urday a few snow flurries Sat urday night colder Saturday consiclcrably colder Saturday night MINNESOTA Cold wave south and cast portions Saturday night with lowest temperature zero lo ID below continued cold northwest portion Saturday night and entire state Sunday IN MASON CITY JlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 38 13 14 If ALLIED FLYERS BLAST SOUSSE TUNIS CENTERS Eisenhower Says Our Troops Will Push Enemy Back to Sea ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA fft Allied bombers blasted military objec tives of Sousse and Tunis with firesetting raids Friday and at tacked both land and sea transport of the axis as ground righting on the Tunisian front dwindled again to patroling Gen Dwight D Eisenhower pointed o ultimate victory in an order of the day dated March a in which he said his command had suffered losses in recent bit ter fighting but the enemy has been once frustrated and twice defeated in his attempts to break the allied ring encircling iiim if he will make further and desperate efforts the order said but I know that the troops our field armies will with the continued effective support of our naval and air forces inexorably push him back to the sea and to destruction The eighth armys lines in the Mareth line sector having thrown off probing thrusts by Field Mar shal Ervvin Rommel with a vio lence that cost him heavy casual ties remained unchanged a com muniuue said V Our bombers made heavy at tacks on the docks and railway yards at Sousse Friday the bulletin reported hits were seen on both targets and large fires were left burning Objectives at Enfidavillc were bomber by a formation of medium bombers Other medium bombers attached a convoy of motor barges making for Tunis and sank at least three at them Six enemy aircraft were destroyed during these three operations Friday night our bombers at tacked the docks at Tunis startin large fire In addition to these thrusts at enemy bases fishierbombers dcslroycd a number of vehicles on offensive sweeps in Ihc Scil jenanc area ol north Tunisia western desert air force bombers nijaiii attacked Rom mels positions in the iUarclh line In an attack by enemy fighter bombers on one of our air fields one of the enemy was shot down by our fighters and four more by antiaircraft and the small arms fire of ground troops the communique said Belatedly it reported the de J Deepest Nazi I Gains Eastward Russian I Gains Westward RUSSIANS CAPTURE VYAZMAVyazma fell in the path ol the KtiKsiitn westward drive in the north white arrow winch closely parallels the route of Napoleons re treat Irom Moscow In the south outnumbered Russian troops taced the arrows around Kharkov Reds Report Germans Still Advancing Toward Kharkov Admit Nazi Gains But Indicate City Not Held by Hitler Forces By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Oilthe Russian Jrpnl the ied armies Saturday fresh setbacks in the critical battle of Kharkov but he soviet midday communique indicated that the Germans had still fallen short of actually capturing the big Ukraine steel city Disregardin tremendous losses struction of another axis bomber Thursday night The site was not specified Three allied aircraft were lo have failed to return ud the Hitlerites continued their push toward the city the Russian com mand said West of Kharkov our troops after a bloody ciigiiscmcnt with numerically superior enemy forccs abandoned a jiojmlatcd place anil withdrew til new de fense lines South of Kharkov the com niunifiuc said the red army clc I fenders beat off eipht successive I waves of tankled German infan try destroying 23 tanks and killing 800 nuzis Neither the soviet c o m m a n d nor frontline dispatches offered any confirmation to Berlins claim Friday that German shock troops had stormed back into the heart of the city and planted their swastika battle flag in red square The German high command de clared in a communique broad cast from Berlin Saturday that its troops hid occupied the main rail US SUB SINKS JAP Violent 37 Minute Bat lie Is Revealed WASHINGTON United States submarine attacked and sank a small Japanese warship in the midPacific the navy reported Saturday after a violent 37min utc fight in which one member of the subs crew killed The date of the action not reported The crewman hilled was Her bert Andrew Calcaterra L2 motor machinists male first das of Stoncyfnrd The submarine discovered the Japanese ship an antisubmarine patrol vcsse about liie size of a corvette wllh a loiftiajje of under 1000 tons as it was running on the surface early one morning When lookouls sighted the ship it was six miles off the port beam U Cmdr Willis M Thomas 35 of Fresno Cal ordered Ihc crew up j way station in Kharkov after sov iet resistance had been to battle stations and closed on the Jap ship At a distance of about two miles the navy report said the sub and the patrol craft both opened fire Shell after shell from the sub marines back gun lore into the enemy hull The Japanese poured Picture nindc tart fall temclcrv The alovo lire from machine gun and light and a machine gun bullet but snit fierce street fighting still fatally wounded Calcaterra There was in progress in some districts j was no material damage o the of Ihc great Ukranian steel city On Die central front swift moving soviet columns drove on beyond recaptured Vvazma on Ihe 100mile road lo the German key stone base at Kmolersk and a communique declared lied army men outflanked the German defense lines and the Germans fearing encircle ment retreated in disorder1 In contrast to the official Ger man version soviet he sub itsclf Aflcr 3i minutes of fighting the patrol tank HJLS said the Russians took Vyazma by storm killing 9000 naris and also asserted that the enemy ruthless ly destroyed the ancient and his toric Vyazma cathedral once the headquarters of Napoleon The Germans Fridav said they evacuated the city without light ing according to plan and claimed they had spared the ca thedral Hickenlooper Has Lost 8 Pounds Since Taking Office as Governor DES MOINES B B Hickenlooper has lost eight pounds since taking office less than two months ago The governor disclosed Satur day that he now weighs pounds compared with 170 when inaugurated Jan H He also said he hasnt made out his federal income tax report yet Pressure of business while the leg islature is in session was given as the reason Monday is the last day for filing federal income tax re turns Ordered to Report at Camp Dodge in May IOWA CITY Univer sity of Iowa men in the enlisted reserve corps will be ordered to report for duty May B 10 11 12 13 and 14 at Camp Dodge Lt Col Luke D Zecti commanding offi cer of the ROTC unit here said Saturday morning He said the order probably will affect about iOO students here Enlisted reservists in most otlicr schools already have been ordered o duty The war department previously announced plans were o call ait the men at the end of the first semester completed in IIMJ Although most other schools ended a term in January because of the revised program here Iowa will not terminate a semester until April 25 Students in the second year of advanced nOTC also be sent di ectly to officers candidate school First year advanced ROTC men will be sent to a training camp and then to officers school FORMEK lOflAN DIES n ALT0 Cal Buclian 85 founder of the irst iNalional bank of Palo Alto and former mayor of Grunrly Ccnlcr Iowa died Friday He had lived here since Jfloft SMOKE 15000 FEET IN AIR IS SEEN OVER CITY 23 Bombers Missing as Air Attack Reaches New Destructive Peak LONDON royal ah forces evermoiuithig pressure ou Germany reached a new peak of destructivcncss Friday night when a cloud of Comengined planes poured an attack on Essen ex ceeding tiiat which burned and shattered 150 acres or that city March 5 The air ministry had described last weeks rail as probably the heaviest blow of the aerial war more than 1000 tons of bombs ruining dozens of the Krupp war plants buildings anil leaving 30000 homeless but it said Fri day nights rail ivas better still The pilots of the great Corco over lie city Friday night said that smoke Irom Ihe carpet of fire set by the blockbuster bombs and incendiaries reached a height oC 15000 feet Of the ground defenses strength ened so muchsince the raid last U S Bomber Fleet Roars Bock From Air Attack LONDON new destruction on German targets lop of a record smash at Essen by the RAF Friday night a great fleet of U S army air force heavy bombers thundered across the English channel to the Boulogne area early Satur dayafternoon Vapor trails streamingout be hind lite United Slants stretched from coast to coast of the channel pointing Ihc way to the bastions of Adolf Hitlers European citadel which has been under almost constant day and night assault for 17 days There was only a onc nifilit jap in the bombing sched ule Escorted by fighters the American bombers soared near ly five miles hisrli under the bright sun and soon returned from the direction or Dieppe indicating that their targets bad hecn only a shnrt distance in lantt Vapor trails also streaked the summerlike sky between Calais and Boulogne week one pilot said the Germans seemed determined we shouldnt gel through acid 23 bombers did not return The air ministrys description oE he attack indicated that much more than 1000 tons of bombs were tumbled on the munitions center but details of the destruc tion will have to await reconnais sance After the raid on March n the nir ministry said that only the thousandbomber raids on Co logne could be compared with it and indicated Essen had been hit harder even though fewer plnncs took pal because each bomber now carries a greater load and the cicstructivcncss o the Cv plosivcs has increased v The crews rcDorlcrf Iwo hie explosions within 10 minutes after the raid JJCJTIII Friday niRhl They said a sheet of fire from one blast reached the height of 1000 feet and thcy could sec the Klow of flames when they crossed the Dutch coast nn the way home about 12j miles from Ihc target The air ministry news service said the defenses of Essen had been notably strengthened since the last attack and heavy tlaV anilaircraft fire was intense and accurate There also were numerous searchlights the news service said Twentythree or our bombers were lost but this did not prevent the attack from being pressed home with the gicatcst dctcrmi nation7 the service added Powerful as the defenses the flak became more spasmodic as tlic weight of Ihc concentrated attack was felt and the runs and searchlights around the aiming points grad ually faltered All the crews arc enthusiastic in their re ports The attackon Essen followed a heavy blow by the American air force at Koucn France in day light Friday An estimated planes attacked the coastal areas of rliicasl England1 during the ;