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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 13, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHIORS HOME EDITION ASSOCIATED PBES3 AND UNITED PRESS FUli WBU3 MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 131940 MASON CITY THE MIGHT SPOf THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION OWE NO 135 WEARY FINNS LAY DOWN ARMS England Hid Behind TechnicalityYIELD MORE OF 77 TUMI BITTERLY HITS CHAMBERLAINS INACTION PLEA Former War Secretary Declares Finns Made Frequent Calls for Aid LONDON refusal to give large scale aid to Finland until the Finns appealed for such help was bitterly attacked in the house of commons Wednesday by Leslie HoreBelisha recently dis missed war secretary Is it not a pity in relation to the magnitude oC these events and of their farreaching char acter to plead as an excuse for inaction a pure technicality HoreBelisha asked He spoke after a statement to the house by Prime Minister Chamberlain on the peace con cluded between Finland and sov iet Russia Tuesday night HoreBelisha who was reported to have urged an expeditionary force for Finland before he was ousted on Jan 5 entered the de bate after Chamberlain had told commons that Britain had made plain its willingness to give all possible help to the Finns in their gallant struggle against aggres sion While associating myself with the expressions of sympathywith the Finns said HoreBelisha is it not a fact that repeated appeals Wave beenmade by that country TOO LATE AGAIN LONDON Lloyd George Vorld war prime min ister declared in the house that myheart I am glad of the from Finland but con tinued But it is the old lateToo late for CzechoSIo vakia Too late for Poland Certainly too late for Finland It is always too late or too little or both That is the road to disaster for assistance in materials and men and is it not a pity in rela tion to the magnitude of these events and their farreaching character to plead as an excuse for inaction a pure technicality Chamberlain retorted It is not correct to say that repeated requests for men bad been made by the Finnish government The Finnish government said Chamberlain made repeated re quests for materials and every one of those requests havebeen answered They had been informed as long ago as Feb 25 that if they were to make an appeal to us we should be prepared and were mak ing preparations to send them men as well as materials said the prime minister Only Tuesday Premier Daladier of France declared that Britain and France had 50000 troops fully equipped at two ports ready to embark immediately if Finland should call In the circumstances in which they found themselves however the Finns decided not to make such a request Chamberlain said HoreTBelisha dissatisfied with the Chamberlain statement on Finland asked for a full commons debate in the light of thesr events on the whole conduct the war V V Chamberlain declared in re ply to a question that at no time did we threaten the neu trality of Sweden Swedens neutrality was presumed to have been involved in the question of transporting British troops to Finland Chamberlain said in describing the RussianFinnish peace As I informed the house on Monday we had made prepara tions to throw the full weight of all available resources into the scales on hearing that this was in accordance with the desires of the Finnish government In their decision they may be assured that the people in this country are united in sympathy for the situation in which they find themselves and admiration the courage with which they have maintained for so long a struggle against overwhelming odds L Traffic Kept Open Despite Heavy Snow Amount Ranges Up to 11 Inches Snowplows Busy on Highways North Iowa was pushing free of blanket of light fluffy snow which ranged up to 11 inches Wednesday morning and the crews responsible for keeping the roads passable were praying that the wind would remain moderate until the snow was sufficiently crusted LESLIE HOKEBELISUA English Policy Allies Face Intensifying of Own War LONDON Iff Great Britain and France weighing the effects of a RussianFinnish peace pre pared themselves for an intensifi cation of their own war and for a possible nazisoviet diplomatic of fensive against allied interests in the Balkans Moscows announcement of a treaty with Finland freeing Russias resources to support the war machine of her economic allymay mean a nazi offensive ua the west London and Paris received re ports that Germany and Russia were planning to offer Rumania territorial guarantees in exchange for trade concessions British and French officials declined to com ment pending action of the Fin nish parliament on the reported pence treaty but the settlement coming on the heels of the allies pui ported willingness to intervene in Finland had its effect in both capitals Some observers tried to portray Scandinavia as the villain of the piece through refusal to allow allied reinforcements to cross their territories into Finland This refusal weakened the allied prom ise of aid it was contended The authoritative British Press association however quoted most English papers as agreeing that Jhe offer to aid Finland was made too late That the RussianFinnish ar mistice would kill any allied plan of allied military operation through Scandinavia against Ger manys flank or Russia was evi dent in London Only Tuesday Premier Daladieitold the cham ber of deputies that 50000 allied troops were ready to go to Fin she called for help Now there was the prospect that Russia with her campaign against Finland over would be free to supply 300 waiting German divi sions with the materials for an offensive against the Maginot line Cost of War COPENHAGEN UP Foreign military observers Wednesday es timated the FinnishRussian war had cost at least 565000 casualties half of them dead These sources divided the losses this way 250000 aeac and 250000 wounded dead and 33 000 wounded One Danish newspaper corres pondent reported Finnish casual ties on the Karelian isthmus front alone were 30000 including 2 000 young Finnish officers to prevent drifting x Primary roads throughout the state as well as most of the county roads were reported passable before noon There was packed snow in spots making the pavinsr slightly slippery The snowfall since 4 p m Tues day ranged from 10 inches in Emmet and Mitchell counties to 4 inches in Butler and Bremer at midtorenoon according to the dis trict offices of the highway com mission in Mason City Howard county reported 9 inches and Wmnebago Hancock Worth Cerro Floyd Chickasaw Alla Mason City Plows Open Streets With AH Night Work Practically all streets in Mason City were open to traffic Wednes day A large crew was kept busy Tuesday and Wednesday and plows were out all Tuesday night So fartriecrenr ofshpvelers ha been working on intersections in the business district and bus zonesFifteen trucks a loader and maintainer have been in service since the snow started foiling clearing the approximately 11 inch snow fall As soon as ihc business district is cleared snow that has been shoved to the sides of the street will be carried away accordin to City Manager Herbert T Bar clay makec Franklin Wright and Humboldt from 7 to 8 inches The snow was drifting only slightly according to County En gineer R E Robertson but the nine county plows were up with the job and no blockades were expected unless the wind rose The fresh snow blanket covered most of Iowa the Iowa weather bureau reported at Des Moines It predicted light local snows Wednesday night with some what colder temperatures Ship pers were warned to protect for readings of from five to 20 de Rrees The mercury Tuesday ranged from a high of 30 degrees at ICco kuk lo a low Tuesday night of 16 degrees at Mason City HEAVY DRIFTS ARE REPORTED IN NORTHWEST MINNEAPOLIS Minn The winters worst snow storm delayed highway rail and air traffic in Minnesota and the Da kotas Wednesday Lower Minnesota western South Dakota and southern Wis consin were hardest hit with up to 20 inches of snow on the ground Drifts in some places were five and six feet deep as the storm continued for the third consecu tive day Automobile traffic was dis rupted in southern Minnesota and western South Dakota where a 15mile an hour wind piled deep drifts on the roads as fast as high way crews cleared a path BEHIND THE 8 BALLS HAWTHORNE Cal hind the eight balls Police booked a youth on suspicion of stealing eight balls from a bowl GREAT OF FINNS LAND MARKS TREATY Russia Hails Truce as Biggest Defeat of England in Century MOSCOW Russia gained broad territorial economic and military footholds in Finland Wednesday with a treaty ending her costly 105 day war in a fashion which the Kremlin regards as the greatest defeat of the British in a century The undeclared wars conclu sion was looked upon here as a splendid contribution to world peace Britain and France at war with Germany Russias friend offered Tuesday to send an army to aid Finland but the Finns acceded to Russias terms Tuesday night and said they had lost faith in foreign promises terms The treatys terms indicate hat Russia has achieved her longsought security for Lenin grad from assault by any bower by land or sea over Finnish soil or waters The price paid by the Russians in three and onehalf months of fighting was a heavy one but it was pointed out that the Soviet Union a rich country able and willing to pay well for its gains Hostilities ended at noonWed nesday 3 a m CST the an nouncement said with thfc Finnish government allowed three days to ratify the treaty Under the treaty Finland would yield to Russia The entire Karelian Isthmus including the bitterlycontested Mannerheim defense line strewn with Russian and Fin nish corpses The wrecked but uncaptured city of Viipuri along with Vii puri bay and its islands All the shores of Lake Ladoga and some territory northeast of the lake Where the Finns have reported the slaying of thous ands of Rnssian A 30year Russian lease on the peninsula of Hanko Finnish Gibraltar at the mouth of the Gulf of Finland which Russia intends to convert into a mili tary and naval base Various islands in the Gulf of Finland A broad swath of eastern Fin land in the region of the Arctic circle Part of the Srtdni and Ry bachi peninsulas on the Arctic ocean A railroad to be built this year to link Russias White sea ports with the Gulf of Bothnia Operation of a Russian air line across the Petsarao district between Russia and Norway and no restriction on passage of Russian citizens or commerce across this area A promise that no Finnish warplanes warships or sub marines evccpt for small coast guard boats will operate in the Arctic ocean In return the Finns get peace and a yearly rental of for Hariko They must negotiate a trade treaty and make a nonaggressio alliance with Russia Russias original demands which the Finns had refused were much less severe They offeree Finland part of soviet Karelia on Finlands long eastern border in return for a small strip of the Karelian isthmus northwest of Leningrad a lease on Hanko part of the Sredni and Kybachi penin sulas and exchange of some islands in the Gulf of Finland Viipuri Honded Over to Russians German Sources Beam With Satisfaction on Peace Pact See Failure in Allied Effort to Extend Area of Combat to Sweden BERLIN Ger man sources beamed with satis faction Wednesday over the Rus sianFinnish peace Its terms they said were in just proportion to the sacrifices made arid in just proportion tiTthe needs and necessities which cer tain states in large living spaces have a right to claim These sources also expressed opinion that the treaty as signed at Moscow constituted no danger to Finnish living space Authorized sources further held that conclusion of the peace marked failure of a socalled BritishFrench attempt lo extend the area oC combat into Scandin avia They spoke with greatest dis dain of those buffoons who thought at the last moment they could use Finland the same way they used Poland Fortunately they added the Finns proved more sensible than the Poles The whole affair is anything but honorable for Eng land and France These western powers totally miscalculated WILL RESUME PROJECTS DES MOINES Iowa state conservation commission vot ed Tuesday to resume rehabilita tion projects at Storm Lake and Twin Lakes when weather per mits operations The Weather FORECAST IOWA Mostly cloudy lieht local snows somewhat colder southeast Wednesday night Thursday occasional snow north west and extreme east cloudy to partly cloudy west and south ccntral somewhat colder ex treme east MINNESOTA Cloudy with intermittent ht snow Wednes day night and Thursday no de cided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 21 Minimum Tuesday night IB At 8 a m Wednesday 17 81 inches Precip 38 jnci Tuesday nights snowfall brought a total of Jl inches on the ground in Mason City YEAR AGO Ulaximum Minimum LOOK INSIDE FOR Finns Minister Makes Threat to Resign Post PAGE 2 Butterfat Output Is Pound Per Day PAGE a Mason City Sets Out for Iowa Cage Event PAGE fl Get ready for EASTER 9 Shopping Days Left To know what the new fashions are like and what stores are featuring them read the ads in the GlobeGazette CAFFREY BARN BURNS AT LAKE Night Fire Causes Loss of Big Building Livestock Equipment Picture on Page CLEAR destroyec the large barn more than 20 heai of livestock a large quantity o feed and all of the buildin equipment on the Joe Caffre farm six miles south and if miie west of Clear Lake Tuesday nighl The damage was estimated a 53000 The firu was discovered about oclock by Mr Caffrcy who was home alone while the rcsl of the family was at Clear Lake Mhca his attention was directed to tlie barn liy the rumpus of frightened amimils By that time the smoke was to thick for Mr Caffrey who ha lived on the farm for 20 years ti enter the structure A few inin tiles later the blaze broke througl the roof Neighbors arrived in short order but the ire fanne by the strong wind which accoin panied the snow storm leveled the GO foot long building in les than a half hour Lost in the structure with side of brick and a wooden hip roof were 10 cows three calves nin horses two sow with litters o pigs a large quantity of hay straw oats corn and commcrcia Teed as well as all the ban equipment The farm knnwn as the old Georffc Grimm place is nwiiid by the Bankers Life Insurance company The building and con tents ucrc insured it was un derstood Wednesday Cause of the fire was uncer tain Mr Caffrey his son Alfred and the hired man George Lam bert had left the building after finishing chores at 5 oclock At that time according to the ekler Mr Caffrey they seemed to smell something like burned rubber Their efforts to trace the origin of the smell were of no avail however Indications ivere according lo Mr Caffrey that the fire started in the hay loft Ginger Rogers Gets Divorce From Ayres LOS ANGELES Screen Actress Ginger Rogers was grantj cd an interlocutory decree of di virce Tuesday after she testified Lew Ayres deserted her May 1 Her mother Mrs Lela Rog ers was her corroborating witness The hearing took but a few min utes ASKED BEFORE Courageous Troops to Retreat to Narrowed Frontiers by Treaty By MAX HARRELSON HELSlNKf Finland lacking weapons and skeptical of foreign offers to help ended lieibitter three and onehalf months struggle against soviet Russia Wed nesday by yielding more soil and military independence than demanded before the war At 11 a m 3 a m C S T the dogged courageous Finnish army stopped fighting and a gloomy peace settled over he battlefields from the corpsepiled Karelian isth mus to icy Lapland Beginning Friday the Fin nish troops will retreat at the rate of tour and a half miles a day to narrowed frontiers fixed by the treaty signed at Moscow Tuesday night The treaty still was subject lo formal ratification by the Finnish diet within three days After an anxious night in which Russia announced the stringent peace terms but the Finnish gov Gunfire Continues Until LastMinute HELSINKI TRussian at tacks were answered by Finnish counterattacks Wednesday in a bitter warend fighting hat continued until the very moment when an 11 oclock armistice ended he conflict The Finnish high command issuing its last communique of the war rc a few hours after the righting ended that there had been no cessation until the very last ernment was silent Foreign Min ister Tanner disclosed them in a broadcast to the Finnish people Subsequent addresses w ere scheduled by Finlands President Kallio and Field Marshal Man nerheim Finland was forced lo yield because she lacked arms and had no faith in the promises or others to aid in the unequal struggle against a foe SO times her size Tanner declared If 3 Immediately nflcr ihc toreiMi ministers broadcast all flags on public buildings were lowered lo half staff Helsinkis newspapers appeared with heavy black mourning bor ders News of he peace brought no celebration or scenes of joy in Helsinki where people heard the terms for the first time from Tan ner Crowds huddled around pub lic radios anxiously and manv vomcn wept Apparently Finnish authori ties had maintained the nations morale to such an extent that the man in the street found it difficult to believe it necessary to give up now although he seemed o feel that if the gov ernment decided lo end the struggle it would be suicidal to continue it assis T With Pistol at Her Ffead Is Honorable Peace By DEWITT MacKENZIE iP Foreign Affairs Writer The treaty which tiny Finland nas signed with a pistol at her head is an honorable neace for her brave of freedom in the face of overwhelming odds would make any terms honorable so far as she is concerned Finland need have no fear the world will doubt that she has made a magnificent fight Having said that however it must be recorded that the pact is very terrible one for the Finns It strips them of strategic terri tories and renders them impotent in defense It puts armed bolshe vist sentries virtually inside the Finnish home In short it gives the reds a domination which makes the little republic virtually a dependency of Moscow Forcible penetration of communism would be a logical de velopment The only hope the Finns may have of relief from these terms would seem to be the possibility of allied deliverance at the end of the war with Germany And one wonders whether in their stunned condition they have any hope at all If their foreign minister Vaino Tanner speaks for them they are feeling deserted and alone That was an awful indictment which the minister made Wednes day morning in Uis grief He de clared Finland had agreed to Rus sias terms because of lack of weaoons and because the Finns in the promises of had no faith others Not only has Finnish indepen dence suffered grievously but her industrial life has been given a serious setback When the bol shevisls take over the big railway and manufacturing center of Vii puri they will have pulled the en gine out of Hie Finnish machine Beyond the crushing of Kin laud the peace terms may have tiro Karelian isthmus with its Mannerheim line the great naval base of Hanko together with other strategic concessions makes the Russians masters of the northern Baltic region Tho threat of the spread of com munism which Sweden and Nor way have been fearing now is very near to them It is nearer to the rest of Europe for that mat ter farreaching effects on the rest The AngloFrench allies have of Europe Possession of the cnlmitscd an opportunity of great strategic importance by not in tervening on Finlands side and thus opening up a new war front which could be used against not only Russia but Germany This would have been a serious blow to Hitler The RussoKinnish peace which he has engineered repre sents a big victory for him over the allies 1 dont soy thit this failure means disaster for the allies It certainly doesnt do thai BU it docs mean that a grand oppor tunity has gone forever Great Britain and France Tues day offered to send 50000 troops lo Finland but Tanner said the only possible route was through Norway and Sweden who re fused to let the troops through This refusal proved an uncon querable obstacle Thus Finland was left alone to fice an enemy of superior num bers He highly praised the conduct of Finlands stubborn defenders saying their feats were astonish ing and beyond expectations but reinforcements were lacking The reacted lo the peace with numb bewilder was lauded by Tanner I The home front acted bcau j tifulty and the peoples morale was praiseworthy he said 1111 dcr almost daily bombing at ;