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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 12, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME NEWSPAPER THAT All NORTH IOWANS VOL LIV HOME EDITION imiiF ftttu and United Press Full Leased Five Copy MASON CITY FRIDAY MARCH 12 IMS Thfa Papar o Two tcttoa No 182 MEAT PACKERS PREPARE FOR STRIKE TAX CUT WINS SENATE FAVOR GOP Leaders Tab Bill lor Action Next Week After Setting Figure Washington repub lican leaders Friday tabbed their tax cut bill for ac tion next week Chairman Taft ROhio an nounced that goal was set at a meeting of the republican policy committee Debate may not begin until the middle of the week but the aim is to get final action by the weeks end The senate finance committee voted 10 to 1 Thursday night for a tax slosh of that size In doing so it whittled 800000000 from the 000 tax bill passed overwhelming ly by the house February 2 The purpose of the senate strat egy is to try to win enough demo cratic votes to pass a bill over the presidential veto the republicans expect That would take a two thirds majority in both the senate nnd house Except for one major change which trimmed the amount of the cut the senate measure is practically the same as the house bill The senate bill provides for percentage tax cuts ranging from 126 per cent for those with net Incomes of up to 74 per cent on incomes of front to and 5 per cent on in comes over The range of house bill reduc tions is 30 per cent on incomes up to 30 to 20 per cent be tween and 20 per cent between to and per cent on the first i000 and 10 per cent on thr rest In all cases these cuts are ap plied to income after deductions and exemptions Chairman Millikin RColo ol the senate finance committee said 705 per cent of the tax relieJ provided by the senate bill would BO to persons making or less nfter deductions but before personal exemptions The house bill would give 7181 per cent of the cut to those earning less than Under both the state and house bills 1 The cut would be effective as of last January 1 2 The personal exemption for each taxpayer and each dependenl would be increased from to 3 Husbands and wives in all states could split their income for tnx purposes This now cnn be done only in the 12 socalled com munity property states This in come splitting plan would benefit to nny extent only those who make more than 4 Increase the maximum stan dard deduction for contributions medical and certain other ex penses to 1000 It is now On income of less than the top deduction would continue to be 10 per cent 5 Raise the exemption for blind persons to from 6 Allow persons 65 or older an extra exemption 7 Apply the income splitting principle to estate and gift taxes Iowa Woman Killed in Car and Train Collision Eldora Evelyn Moling 23 of Union Iowa was killed Thursday night in a cartrain col lision at Gifforri about 5 miles south of here Four other persons in tho car in which Mrs Mcling was riding escaped injury Sheriff Paul Hodgson said the accident occurred when a car driven by her husband J B Meling 37 collided with the left side of the engine on an east found train Hodgson said it is believed Mrs Meling opened the right door of the car and jumped She was killed instantly SAME 1947 n 91 In JM Bar U S Ottawa Canada closed Its borden to known communists 1from the United States Friday Truman Pits U S Strength Against Reds Washington Tru man Friday pitted this countrys full political power and prestige against the spread of communism China At the same time a 5point ad ministration plan began to emerge a plan for coming to grips with what Secretary of State Marshall considers a great crisis In the world Within a few hours of each other both the president and his secretary of state spoke out with extraordinary frankness on the state of affairs resulting from the bitter conflict between Russia and the western powers For the first time publicly the chief executive admitted that his faith in the attainment of a real world peace has been somewhat shaken He snid so at a while house news conference late Thurs day Marshall appearing Friday night before a meeting of the fed eral council of churches declared flatly that the world is In he midst ot a great crisis inflamed by propaganda misunderstanding anger and fear The president was in the audi ence and heard Marshall couple with his pronouncement of crisis an appeal for moderation calm thinking and cool judgment on the part of the American people Mr Truman himself had said earlier that Americans should be careful not to let their passions get the better of them before they know all the facts Out of the presidents news con ference comments and Marshalls brief speech came the pattern of administration policy for meeting the crisis Officials expect that crisis to reach n climax first and most di rectly in the Italian political cam leading up to elections there April IB Here nro Liie yoiijU which the president the secretary both in some 1 The European recovery pro is now near final action in the senate but awaits house be carried out promptly 2 The United States encourages the formation of what Marshall called a political association in western Europe as the first step in restoring stability 3 The spread of communist governments anywhere in the world including China is opposed by the American government And Mr Truman indicated this coun try will do everything in its power to block communism 4 The United States wH con tinue to work lor work peace wherever possible but the prob lem is now more difficult than at any time since of the war 5 Meanwhile the American people must keep their fears and their passions under control in spite of what Marshall called the distractions of election year campaigns here at home FIRE RAZES FARM HOME 8 ESCAPE 2 Adults 6 Children Flee Morning Blaze Estherville adults and 0 children escaped a burning farm home early Friday morning but the house was destroyed The Art Vallen home near Hunt ington burned down as the result of a blaze believed to have been caused by a faulty furnace Mr and Mrs David Norman neighboring farmers were staying with the 6 Vallen children while Mr and Mrs Vallen are in Roch ester Minn The Normans were roused at 3 a m when the house became filled with smoke They got the children out and a few clothes The children were taken to the home of relatives Huntington about 10 miles north of here near the IowaMinnesota state line has no fire department Departments from EstherviUe and Gruvcr were called yv xW SAX v t rgBBag Y DRIFTS TOO MUCH FOR SNOW A Saute FG snow plow is all but buried in huge drifts 4 miles west of Windom Kan after the draw bar connecting it with the loco motive snapped under the pressure of bucking drifts after one of the heaviest snows in history in western Kansas Free Elslers Wife New York r s Hilda Eisler 36 year old wife of Ger hart Eisler who faces deportation as an alleged alien communist was free Friday following arrest on a deportation warrant She was arrested Thursday as an ille gal visitor and released immedi ately on her own recognizance No dale was set for a hearing See Big Blow in Africa Philadelphia is In for a big ttic bubble gum variety The Philadelphia maritime exchange disclosed Thursday that 500 cartons of bub ble gum were shipped to Durban Africa on the freighter Rock Springs EXPECT RELIEF FROM COLD WAVE Snow Low Temperature Threaten Crop Damage Chicago Relief appeared on the way Friday from the bitter cold which has overspread wide sections of the country from the Kockies to the north Atlantic coast and into the Texas Rio Grande Valley But below seasonal tempera tures and snow storms which swept over the area at the fag end of a bitter winter season caus ed widespread hardship and threatened to cause heavy dam age to crops Oi ijIlOVV bluCiiUd highways in many sections of the midwest and southwest Thou sands of cars and trucks were stalled in Ohio other parts of the snow belt Schools in some areas were clos ed The falling temperatures caus ed gas shortages in some states industrial and business activities were curtailed in Kansas Texas Pennsylvania Ohio and Kentucky Texas was hard hit by the se vere weather which was the cold est on record for March Two persons died because of the cold There was heavy damage to live stock and crops The state department of agri culture said 150000 acres of cot ton in the Rio Grande Valley were in danger of being destroy ed in event of freezing weather Tomatoes corn and citrus fruits also were endangered as below freezing temperatures were fore cast for the semitropical valley The snow had ceased falling over most of the country Friday Flurries were replied in West Virginia and in parts of New Eng land But temperatures from the Dakotas to New York State were below zero as the mass of cold air spread into the eastern sea board U S Military Heads Convene in Florida Key West Fla UR Defense Secretary James Forrestal and the joint chiefs of staff of the armed forces met in President Trumans little white house here Friday to work out a unified policy on air power Three plane loads or the nations top military leaders arrived at p m Thursday from Wash ington The conferees will enjoy the same seclusion which has made the nnval base here Mr Trumans favoriate vacation spot The lit tle white house was roped off and marine sentries posted on the grounds As Forrestal put it the purpose of the meeting was to decide who does what with whnt weapon The session was held away from Washington he said so the offic ials could get away from tele phones roll up their sleeves and attack the problem without inter ruption Chile Formally to Intervene in Asks Action Against Russia for Steering Communist Seizure Lake Success N Y formally called on the United Na tions security council Friday to intervene in the Czechoslovak crisis and take action against Rus sia for allegedly supervising the communist seizure of power The action appeared to assure a public security council show down between the west and Russia on communist expansion In Europe Chilean UN Delegate Hernaan Santa Cruz announced informally thai Vftia o iuriTtii CCITi plaint against Russia with UN Sec retary General Trygye Lie Santa Cruz was instructed by his government to sponsor the pigeonholed move made by Jan Papanek of Czechoslovakia to have the UN intervene in the political situation in Prague on grounds that it represents a threat to in ternational peace Jlussia will be named in the council as engineer of the Feb 20 coup in which the Czech com munists seized power By means of the five veto power Russia will be able to block any concrete HJN action against Moscow or the communists It was almost certain however that the Soviets would not be able to block a fiery debate of the Czech situation and the link be tween the kremlin and the present communist government in Prague Many UN observers expressed belief that it will be perhaps the most serious matter ever handled in the UN Some felt it might lead to major changes in the present status of the world organization bringing into doubt the tenure of Russias participation in the UN Santa Cruz did not immediately make public the text of his com plaint but he said that in effect Chile was sponsoring all the charges leveled at Russia Wednes day by Papanek who is head of the Czech delegation to UN but a declared enemy of the present Prague regime Calls on UN Czech Coup lowan Gets 10 Years in State Penitentiary Des Molncs Judge C Edwin Moore Thursday sen tencd Richard W Harrison 36 ot Des Moines to 10 years In Fort Madison state penitentiary Har rison pleaded guilty to a charge of breaking and entering in con nection with a safe robbery at the Des Moines Iron Co last Friday Thieves Tear Up Loot After Robbing Driver Toronto po lice searched Friday for the man who assaulted Lloyd Prince a 21 year old taxi driver robbed him of several dollar bills tore the money up and fled SLIGHT RISE IN IOWAS MERCURY Marshalltown Low for State With 20 Below koines bit ing cold weather continued over Iowa Friday thermometers were recording a slight increase in tem peratures The coldest mercury reading rc grees beiow zero at Dccorah Mar shalltown has a 20 below reading In its 5day forecast the weath er bureau said temperatures up to the middle of next week will av erage near normal Temperatures are expected to begin a rising trend Saturday Normal lows for this season are 24 in the north and 29 in the south No new snow has been forecast in the past 2 days and none is in sight the weather bureau said Other low mercury readings Thursday night included 17 below at Ames 16 below at Iowa City and Atlantic and 15 below at Ma son City The highest the mercury climbed Thursday was up to 16 degrees above zero at Davenport WESTERN UNION PACT ADOPTED BY 5 NATIONS Europe Alliance Is Aimed at Checking March of Communism Brussels Belgium France and the Belux nations adopted Friday a 50year treaty for a political economic and mili tary union of western Europe in tended to check the march of com munism Conference officials said the ac cord and allied documents will be signed here next Wednesday by the foreign ministers of Belgium Britain France Luxembourg and tlic Netherlands The text of the agreement will not be released until the signature ceremony to give the 5 govern ments of the negotiators oppor tunity to examine it closely the officials said Delegates from the 5 countries including 4 of the worlds greatest colonial powers completed their the Western Union suggested in January by British Foreign Secretary Ernest at a m a iru after more than a week around the conference table Sir George Rendel chief of the British delegation and Britains ambassador here said upon emer ging from the conference room that the delegates had agreed among themselves not to com municate any of the substance of he treaty before their govern ments approve it Questioned as to whether the treaty provided for a permanent 5 power commission to carry out its provisions Sir George shook his head That he said is one of the things I just cannot talk about ing a preamble and 10 clauses was believed to bind the 5 countries to mutual assistance in the face of aggression mutual aid in the eco nomic field cooperation in im proving their living standards and a measure of coordination of co lonial resources One of the final points before the conferees it was learned was whether the treaty should name Germany as a possible aggressor There was no definite indication as to the decision reached Conference officials caid the text would be released simultaneously in the capitals of all 5 countries on the day of signature Previous reports said the treaty would contain a clause permitting other nntions to enter the union later Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer Fri day night and Saturday Low Friday night near 10 nbove High Saturday near 35 Iowa Fair and warmer Friday night and Saturday Low Friday night 8 to 12 above High Sat urday 32 to 38 Shippers Forecast Northwest and northeast 8 above southwest and southeast 12 above Minnesota Fair and warmer Fri day night Saturday fair and warmer south and west and partly cloudy northeast Iowa 5Tay Weather Outlook Temperatures will average near normal Normal maximum tem peratures range from 45 north to 52 south Normal minttmims range from 24 north to 29 south Rising trend Saturday through Monday Colder Tuesday and little change Wednesday Light rain or drizzle Sunday and Mon day averaging inch IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 9 Minimum 15 below At 8 a m Friday 2 Below YEAH AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 33 Senate Near Test Vote on ERP Program Washington Great risis Secretary of State Mar shall says is gripping the world sped the senate toward a crucial vote Friday on his European re covery program The issue was whether the Mar shall plan bill should carry the first year figure now planned or be cut to is proposed by Senator Taft Friends and foes alike agreed that Fridays vote would be the major test The bill itself is due to be ap one amount or the Friday night or Sat urday It then will go to the house which Thursday was asked by President Truman to give west ern Europe an additional 000 in stopgap aid by April 1 The president said the money Is needed to keep the supply lines to nancommunist countries filled until Marshall plan help is avail able And he termed it amatter of extreme urgency that the itself be approved quickly Congressional leaders now es timate this will be about April 11 8 days before the Italian elections which may bring the crisis to its first climax Mr Truman later told his news conference that his confidence in eventual world peace has been shaken somewhat by recent de velopments abroad But he quick ly added that he still believes peace can be achieved The senate debate on the Mar shall program took an unexpected turn Thursday when Taft a can didate for the GOP presidentia nomination singlehandedly of fered an amendment to slash the Program by Senators Wherry Nebr and Ball Minn had indicated earlie that such an amendment would be offered gy the 20member re publican revisionist group thej Wherry pledged that the revi sionists would back Taft in his chipsdown battle with Chairman Vandenberg RMlch of the for eign relations committee The cut amendment provided the first iieadon clash between the 2 party leaders on the foreign relief is sue BAR LIVESTOCK IN MASON CITY DECKER PLAKT Other Iowa Companies Refuse Shipments as Tuesday Walkout While federal conciliators made elforts in Chicago to head off the threatened strike by CIO packing house workers Iowa and Minne sota packing plants made prepara tions Friday for the anticipated walkout Tuesday at a m Officials of the Jacob E Decker and Sons packing plant in Mason City shut the rates on livestock shipments Friday The company said It would not receive any more shipments pending settlement of wage negotiations At Ottumwa the John Morrell company Friday placed a tempor ary embargo on livestock ship ments to their Gttumwa and To peka Kans plants No livestock will be received until further no tice All kills at Ottumwa and Topeka Kans were concluded Friday for this week No kills are scheduled for Saturday or Mon day Morrell officials said it is ex pected the Sioux Falls S Dak plant will continue operations as it is affiliated with the AFL union The Wilson plant In Cedar Rapids will be completely out of the hog market Saturday Allen Nash head hog buyer said Friday The company was taking hogs Fri day on call only At Waterloo the Rath Packing company Friday went out of the market in preparation for the im pending walkout The plant stopped buying ail grades of cattle hogs and sheep Employes of the Davis packing company at Estherville will con Stassen Seeks Nebraska Farm Vote With 3 Point Long Range Program North riatlc Nebr E Stassen wooed the Nebraska farm vote Friday by outlining a 3point Jong term farm policy to insure farmers a complete fair share of the national income First the national administra tion should be given the full ob jective of helping agriculture by indirect means to obtain full 100 per cent parity he said Second the government should be charged with the definite duty in any normal crop situation of positive support for the price of the entire crop at 90 per cent of parity Third after abnormal bumper crop years and oversupply in the carryover the obligation to sup port the particular crop ns a whole should be flexible and be scaled down by degrees as far as 70 per cent but a supplemental payment on a familysized farm basis for a normal crop to reach 90 per cent of parity should be made Discuss Building Code DCS Moines phases of A uniform building code to be recommended to the 1949 legisla ture were discussed by the state building code council which con cluded a 3day session here Thurs day MAN SENTENCED FOR BEAN THEFT Larceny Near Aigona Brings 10Year Term Aigona case involving theft of 5460 pounds of soybeans brought Orville Lee Merchant of Foster Mo a 10year term in Fort Madison penitentiary District Judge G W Stillman pronounced sentence Thursday Lewis Poague an accomplice pre viously was sentenced to 5 years at Anamosa reformatory Merchant was charged with lar ceny in the nighttime in connec tion with theft of the beans from the Carol Potter farm near here Jan 23 week regardless al strike of Clark Says Bill to Bar Communist Party Is Unconstitutional Washington UP Attorney General Tom C Clark Friday slapped an unconstitutional opinion on a bill to bar commun ists from the ballot in any local state or national election Clarks opinion was included In a letter forwarded to Rep Karl M LcCompte by As sistant Attorney General Peyton Ford It appears extremely doubtful the letter said that nny particular political group or party could be barred from the ballot on the basis proposed without jeopardizing the constitutional guarantees of all other political groups and parties 128 Cases of Measles Waterloo total of 128 cases of measles have been re ported in Waterloo in the last 2 weeks On one day March 1 23 cases were reported Truman Strongly Denies Saying Jews in New York Are Disloyal to Country SllK1 remarks about The New Baruoh Or the Dublin tlnue next O W CL The union officials in Chicago ap proved an agreement allowing operation because the plant slaughters horses However the Tobin packing plant workers in Estherville will definitely go on strike UPWA local officials said Friday In Minnesota the south St Paul ilvestock commute Friday closed the door to all livestock shipments to the city in view of the threat ened strike Effective immediately no live stock shipments shall be made to south St Paul until further no tice the committee announced At Austin Minn the George A Hormel Co plant stated Friday it would be operating on a normal basis each day The plant will not be affected by any strike Wilson Co ot Albert Lea Minn notified shippers Friday to call the plant before loading any hogs In Kansas City the livestock ex change announced Friday it would remain open next week even though the ClO packinghouse workers carry out their threaten ed nationwide strike In attempts to head off the strike federal conciliators met again Friday with representatives of the CIO united packinghouse workers and the big packing com panies at Chicago The strike would involve about 100000 workers and would disrupt operations at about 100 plants Spokesmen for the packing indus try said it would cut off about 30 per cent of the nations meat sup ply At Chicagos sprawling union stockyards Friday the big pack ers bought only limited numbers of cows Most of the slaughter steers and heifers were bought by eastern interests and by smaller packers whose employes belong to the nonstriking AFL amalgamat ed meat cutters and butcher work mens union The union demands a 29cent hourly wage increase but during negotiations indicated that it would be willing to reduce the de mand to 19 cents The packers have offered 9 cents the same figure on which they settled with the AFL union Officials of the Chicago Live stock Exchange said that the strike would not force suspension of livestock trading because many packers whose employes belong to the AFL would not be affected Washington Tru man Thursday branded as a lie out of the whole cloth Columnist Drew Pearsons report that the chief executive once had termed New York Jews disloyal Pearson whom the president did not identify by name insisted later that his version was all too accurate He added But Im glad the president has now reconsidered his intemperate words Mr Truman opened his news conference with the denial and said his remarks could be quoted directly a departure from usual procedure He told the reporters to read the New York Mirror to find out about the column The newsmen heard the president use the term gossip paper but the word gossip was omitted in this official white house version of his remarks Flnt I want to pay attention to a vicious statement that wan made by acolumnist In a New York paper In which he aald I had made the itatemeat editor of a New York paper that the Jews tn New York were dis loyal I had thought I wouldnt have to add another liars star to that fellows crown but I will have to do it That is just a lie out of the whole cloth That is as emphatic as I can put it In his Washington MerryGo Round column Monday in the Mirror Pearson wrote President Truman was talking to a New York publisher about Palestine Pounding his desk he made remarks about York Jews Theyre disloyal to their coun try Disloyal he cried Would you explain that fur ther Mr President interrupted the publisher whose wife happens to be Jewish When you speak of New York Jews are you referring to such people as Bernard Baruch Or are you referring to such New York Jews as my wife1 Truman glared assured itor he did not mt vis include Baruch or the publishers then abruptly changed the sub ject In New York an executive of Bell Syndicate which distributes Pearsons column said he knows but cant name the source of the story adding We consider it to be fairly reliable The executive asked that his name not be used Glenn Neville executive editor of the New York Mirror said he hod no comment except We are delighted at any publicity Mr Truman can give usr Secretary Anderson to Remain at Post WaahinKton fl3 Secretary of Agriculture Anderson aaid Friday he will remain in the cabinet at least until the end of the present session of congreaa and may not get out at all Anderson has considered ning for the senate seat now held by Senator Hatch DN who has said he will not an other term 7 ;