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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 12, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U THE NEWSPAPER THAT Agodated Press Uniuri Press Pull Leased wires One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO City Sunday p m WO1 Ames Wednesday p m WSCJI Iowa Crty f m WTAD Qulney 111 Tbuniiy p m KSCJ City Sitnrdny 6 p m A Report From Our Boys Over There SINCE MY RETURN from the European war theater last fall at leasta thousandquestions have been put to me oncerning my ex periences and observations dur ing my 2months editorial mission Some of these questions Ive jotted down They are going to be the basis of this commentary The one query most frequently put to me one not easily answered because it is so broad is How are those American boys of ours over there getting along I saw these lads of burs by the hundreds if not by the thousands in both England and France and my answer to this question based on those contacts is Theyre getting on famously Are they homesick NO THEYRE1 NOT exactly homesick although it is true that finishing up their job and getting back home is the one thing they want more than anything else in the world I was with them during the height of the presidential cam paign I thought they might be all hot and bothered over whether it should be Roosevelt or Dewey That wasnt the case They had a normal interest of this issue was wholly eclipsed by their much greater concern about getting back home And by getting back home they mean exactly that The great de sire of every one them with whom I talked was toget back to that community from which he left As far as possible all of them want to take up life where they left off pHOSE WITH WIFE aid chil dren want to return to them not married want1 to get married Those who were cut off in their education want to enter college Theres going to be a extensive utilization of the educational1 pro visions Tn theGil bffl0f rights The one illconcealed worry for many of these lads with whom I VWill there be a job waiting for me I assured them there would be And I admonish you on the homefront who ulti mately will have the answer to that question There had better be a job waiting for these boys ANOTHER QUESTION fre quently put to me is this How are these lads living Are they getting enough food of the right kind What about their liv ing quarters The answer to that depends upon where the boys are with respect to the frontlines If theyre in of course thats where 1 saw most theyre doing all right so far as physical comforts are concerned If theyre on the continent theyre not so comfortable FIRST ABOUT OUR boys sta tioned in England I think it can be said that theyre living more comfortably on the average than rank and file Englishmen They have an adequacy of food clothing and shelter Most of my time in England I lived in Londonon civilian ra tions I cant honestly say that I I did lose 10 pounds in the first calendar month I was there It probably was good for me It wasnt pleasant however Ill never forget how pleasant it was when l would go out o a bomber or a fighter base That meant I would be on army rations and theyre ever so much more ample than civilian rations In England One breakfast Im not going to for a strange reason I was given an egg in the shell I had had powdered egg morning noon and night But at this break fast served to me at Debden fight er base I was treated to a fried egg taken right out of the shell It was my first and only one in England T TNDER THE RULES of the Eng lish whatever its equivalent civilian is entitled to one egg a month But apparently the hens of that little island werent consulted before that rule was promulgated They just arent laying enough eggs to provide one egg a month for every civilian As a matter of fact its some thing of an event when a family comes into possession of an egg in theshell There was a reflec tion of this in an incident which occurred at one of the English homes visited by me The egg was such a rarity that it was being passed around for inspection James the 9 year old son fondled it passed It aionr to Mary his 7 year eld sister with this admonistion Dont drop It Mary If you do K will break and the powder will ran ont Yon see he was only 4 years old when Cantinaed on Pace 2 Five Cent a Copy This Paper Consists of Two SecUoniSection MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 12 IMS MJ rm NO 133 PLUNGE DEEPER EAST OF RHINE Bombers SAY RUSSIANS WITHIN SIGHT OF BALTIC PORT 60000 Men Attack Kuestrin Defenses in All Out Drive BULLETIN Stalin an nounced Monday night the cap ture of the fortress of Tcrew 17 miles south of Danzig as the sec ond White Russian army drew tighter its siege ring around the onetime Free City on be Baltic London strong force of American bombers attacked the Baltic coast Monday in direct sup port of the red army and cial Moscow reports said a de cisive breakthrough before Ber lin was expected soon Part of the formation also was over Swinemnende 35 miles north of Stettin and key to the Baltic entrance to Stettin Bay Berlin said The broadcast indi cated that both Stettin and Swine muende were attacked heavily presumably by American Flying Fortresses and Liberators The raids came as soviet front dispatches were reporting that the red army had driven within sight of Stettin after breaking through the citys last belt of outer fortifi cations on the east Soviet forces holding bridge heads across the Oder 30odd miles due east of Berlin attacked with 4 infantry men an attempt to shake loose the German hold on the anchor fort ress elty of Kuestrin Ernst von Hammer German DNB agency commentator said V Despite the Weight the at tack and its tank and aerial sup port the Russians were idriven back into their small bridge heads on all sectors between Frankfurt and Kuestrin von Ham mer said In Kuestrin itself astride the Oder 38 miles east of Berlin Ger man troops were said to have im proved their positions One German column broke through and relieved the encir cled garrison of the old city von Hammer said In the newer part of Kuestrin soviet shock troops largely werewiped outJn bar ricade and housetohouse fight ing he said Moscow dispatches said the fall of the former free port of Danzig on the Baltic far to the north east appeared near Bitter street battles were said to be raging in the suburbs 9 to 15 miles from the heart of Danzig Three columns from the east south and west linked up at Neu teich just below the port and stormed through the suburbs Still another force driving a xvedge between Danzig and the Polish port of Gdynia 13 miles to the north reached within 9 miles of each city Danzig itself was reported in flames from soviet bombs and shells The Germans were coun terattacking desperately in a fu tile effort to stall the soviet ad vance More than 2500 nazi troops were killed Sunday on the Danzig front Fighting was so savage in the suburbs dispatches said that the Russians unable to advance along streets in some sectors were blasting through connecting walls and buildings Marshal Konstantin K Sokos sovskys second White Russian ajmy reached to within 9 miles northwest of Danzig an 9 miles southwest of Gdynia at Koelin the soviet midnight communique said The fall of Liessau 17 miles south of Danzig also was reported in the commu nique but vanguards already were much farther north On the Stettin front Moscow dispatches said Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs first White Russian army cracked hrough the last outer defense belt east of Stettin in an advance through the Fricd richs forest Awakens Takes Prisoner Hickory N Car Dawn came on the western front Sgt Robert Adams wrote his parents and he tried to awaken his un known foxhole companion Adams gave up and went to chow When he returned he shout ed again at his sleeping compan ion This time the response was quick It Yanks Plunge Ahead on Mindanao to Capture Four Villages Two Airfields Manila S invasion forces neared the heart of Zamboansa on the southwestern tip of Mindanao Monday after quickly seizine 4 viUages and 2 airfields on the island 2nd largest of the PhfuppFnes Battleseasoned units of Maj Gen Jens A Does 41st division of TT the eighth army landed on Min tlrMlCIO danaos coralstudded beaches JJVJ V ULtJo Saturday morning against light opposition A cluster of four villages and two airstrips west of Zamboaugas administrative center were rap idly overrun and Gen Douglas MacArthur announced that Amer v vx Funds to Aid School Buses Des Moines being cautioned about mounting appro priations the house voted 96 to 4 Monday to provide a A Tokyo broadcast recorded yar in stac funds to help school ican reconnaissance planes ready were operating from island al the by FCC said American forces also auiu miivLman rorces also had landed Thursday on Basilan island across the 10mile Basilan Strait from Zamboanga Tokyo claimed that the troops which stormed Mindanao were accom panied by tanks mien ay oy me school code The landing on Mindanoa 21st revision commission In passing Philippines island invaded by rnmypinK5 isiana invaded by c measure me nouse beat American amphibious forces seal an attempt to cut the figure ed the entire western side of the Sl500000 which had reconi 800 mile long Philippines archi menflefl by the house appropria pelago It also brought MacAr ons committee t ATpnmirhiTn fin r thurs forces within 180 miles of oilrich Borneo A heavy air and naval bombard ment from heavy and light cruis ers preceded the landing from Basilan Strait which had been swept for mines since Wednesday Planes from both the fifth and I3th airforces covered the land ing so completely that no Japa nese planes were sighted The 13th air force had softened up the in vasion points with more than 1000 tons of bombs during the past wentashore in am biousVehicles At ur dayhitting the beaches at Sari Mateo 3 of Zamboan gas administrative center The Japanese were caught off guard by the landing While rear guards put some scattered ma chinegun lire the bulk of the enemy garrison fled across the 2 milewide region plain into the hill field The The Americans quickly captured Wolfe airdrome 3 quarters of a mile inland and fanned eastward along the coast capturing Cal arian San Roque and San Jose the latter only 2 miles from the heart of Zamboanga Reconnaissance planes began operating almost immediately from Wolfes airstrips which before the had been a U S army air planes apparently were spotting Japanese positions ahead of tha American forces who were nearly the administrative head quarters of Zamhoanga a huge city covering almost the entire southwest tip of Mindanao Other elements of Does 41st di vision veterans of the long New Guinea campaign invaded and seized control 2 weeks ago of Pala wan across the Sulu sea from Mindanao We now control the entire length ofthe western shores of the Philippines islands from the northwestern tip of Lnzon to the southwestern tip of distance of approximately 800 miles MacArthur said VETERANS FARMS Des Moines state ag ricultural adjustment agency of fice will act as a clearing between veterans desirous to start farming in the state and farmers and implement dealers who can offer advice and help to these vet erans A J Loveland state AAA chairman said Saturday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Monday night temperatures with lowest Mon about 25 Iowa Fair Monday night becom ing cloudy Tuesday with scat tered showers in extreme south Minnesota Pa and Tuesday ilelll IIUWers northeast portion Tuesday A little south and east portion Monday becoming cool er northwest Tuesday after noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Saturday 40 Minimum Saturday 33 Maximum Sunday 49 Minimum Sunday 27 At 8 a m Monday 27 YEAR AGO Maximum JQ Minimum 13 Precipitation trace districts pay bus transportation At present the state does not pay any part of the districts school bus expenses The bill which now goes to the senate was recommended by the school code ffi frMdJIlIg the measure the house beat Meanwhile the senate also dis cussed school legislation but reached no votes Rep G T Kuester H Gris chairman of the house ap propriations committee said We are getting to the place where we should be careful about appropri ations I dont say we shouldnt make this appropriation 000 but we should remember that from here on appropriations must come out income to come and no one knows what it will be Hep Mae A Lynch D Poca hontas and others said they re spected advice but thought 1his was one place ug s was on the roority n be In opposition Hep F A Lat chaw R Wilton Junction said Today we are talking in mil lions I would be glad to give it to the schools if we had it How ever I wonder if we shouldnt be cargful in setting up these pro grams If we could look ahead and be sure the future it would be well and good But I believe we should stay by to start with Caution would indicate that we should take and play it safe Discussion of amendment by Senator Ross R Movrry R New ton consumed the senates morn ing session as it began considera tion of ils seventh school code re vision bill The measure would revise the county administration of public schools Id create a new elective 5 member county board of education and provide for its ap pointment of the county superin tendent of schools Howrys major objection was to the 54200 annual salary which it proposes as the maximum for the county superintendent and the maximum fixed for his deputy M o w r ys amendment would limit the superintendents salary to the yearly salary of the county treasurer and make the deputys salary twothirds of that paid the superintendent RADCLIFFE HELD ON FOND CHARGE Money Order Cierk Puts Up Bond Three postal inspectors Monday filed information against Ross M Badcliffe Mason City postoffice money order clerk charging him with misappropriation of funds Radcliffe who had worked in the Mason City postoffice 24 years waived hearing before United States Commissioner Nate Levin f uigjii son and filed a 53000 bond for TCSda MiW aPPearance in a United States dis terilDCraitirP5 li i TT trict court Radcliffe was repre sented by Atty L A Moe The postal inspectors in the case included E H Mahler of Mason City and 2 from other cities Postmaster A M Schanke an portion Tuesday afternoon Mild Postmaster A M Schanke an temperatures nounced Monday Oscar A OGreen will succeed Radcliffe as money T1rtjy 3vjondaj order clerk and that Julius Cutler ywith light showers vil lake OCreens place assist ing in the office of the postmaster RESURRECTION With the Sth Division Luzon ff This is a report by one outfit One Jap killed Circumstances unusual A detail of dead Japs were interrupted when one dead one arose and headed for the tall timber His resurrection was short lived MILtlONTH DISC Hollywood Thomas H A Lewis Monday receives a 16 inch plastic disc as the millionth recording made to entertain scrv ucemen overseas OUT ON A Aderhold 16 of 74110th N E found himself out on a limb Sunday when he brushed against it while in a small boat onthe rising Winnebago wyer He grasped the limb as the boatweut down stream uemeri Boyd Arnold and Jesse Carrol of the fire depart ment rescued him with a boat anchored to a tree This picture was snapped as the rescue was being made J J Gerard photo Thaw Sends Creeks and Rivers Up First harbingers of spring the robins were nearly beaten to the draw Sunday by swollen streams that overflowed their banks and spilled into basements and roadways but by Monday the waters were receding and spring had really broken in Mason City With 2 consecutive days in which the mercurysoared above the 40degreemark ice began to Lonr beforediwn Sundaycrews from the city arid the Peoples Gas and Electric company began the dynamiting of ice jams and by aft ernoon had Willow creek open to the dam in West park Water continued to rise and came within a few feet of the bridge on First N W and very close to the Monroe avenue bridge at State street The crest of the flood was reached about 10 p m Sunday By Monday morning the water in the Winnebago river had lowered more than 2 feet according to Max Riley of the engineering de partment of the city and water in Willow crtek also had gone down In East park the Winnebago river reached the top its re taining wall and in some places had spilled over into the road Willow creek ran over the garden wall of the B C Way residence but by Monday the water was be low the wall again All day long Sunday from 4 a m and until a m Monday a crew from the Peoples Gas Electric company worked on the ice jams The city crew under Willis Fitzgerald worked from Saturday noon through Saturday night all day Sunday and through Sunday night on the 2 streams By Mondav the streams were open through the city but a large amount of water remained in the fields north and of Ihe 12th street road Two blocks of Willow Creek in the vicinity of thc Peoples Gas and Electric company were blast ed and the flood gates were low ered The crew from the P G E opened the creek to Federal avenue with dynamite enough to do the job had to be obtained from 4 different sources The fire department rescued Eugene Aderhold 16 of 741 10th N E from the IVinnebago on tht north side of East park Aderhold and some friends were experimenting with boats when the youth reached to brush aside a large overhanding branch He immediately found himself without a boat due to the swift current He crawled on the branch from where the fire de partment rescued him with ropes Aside from being cold and wet Aderhold was not injured Firemen also removed posses sions from the John Peterson home fill N Tyler when water completely surrounded thc home about p m At p m airs Maurice Lane and Z children were removed from their home which also was sur rounded by water Firemen then went to the home of Mrs Harry Christiansen 512 N Harrison and removed that family at p m Mr and Mrs Vern Wilson and child 502 N Tyler Mr and Mrs John Murphy and child 528 N Harrison and Mr and Mrs How ard Johnson and 2 children 410 N Harrison also were removed from their homes as water kept rising in the creeks SUPREME COURT REFUSES RULE Wont Make Decision of Ward Property Case Washington supreme court refused Monday to rule on the validity of government seizure of 16 Montgomery Ward proper ties As its reason for refusing the court said that the review petition in the case was filed prior to the judgment of the circuit court of appeals refused Jorule m the case before the circuit1 court hears arguments and reaches its decis ion The justice department and Ward asked he big tribunal for a speedy final determination whether President Roosevelt had authority under the war labor dis putes the order the army to take possession of Ward facilities in seven cities The U S district court in Chi cago ruled the seizure was illegal The department filed appeal in the seventh federal circuit court but urged the supreme court to assume jurisdiction immediately so that argument before the cir cuit court would be obviated Ward later joined in requesting the supreme court to take the case at once In Chicago attorneys for the company expressed the opinion that a final ruling in the it eventually is appealed to the supreme not be pos sible until after Oct 1 They poined out that briefs In the case would not be due in the circuit court for three or four weeks and that a ruling in that court probablyiypuidnot be made earlier than The supreme court however is in recess from June 1 to Oct 1 and could not de cide the cpse until afle thnt date In the Ward case the Chicago district court decided the mail or der house wasnot a war industry within the meaning of the act The presidents action followed Ward refusal to comply with board directives ordering among other things maintenance of union membership The justice department told the supreme court that unless the dis trict courts decision was reversed quickly the government would stand stripped of power to deal with consequences labor distur bances which might develop into the most serious crisis in the his tory of the war outside but con nected with the area of actual military operations Ward in asking an early decis ion said the army kept possession of its properties despite the dis trict court decision 2300 Bombers Strike Germany London over 2300 allied heavy bombers ranged over Germany Monday to give direct support to the red army in the east and angloAmerican forces massed along the Rhine in the west The United States Sth air force supported allied troops in both front lines It sent a fleet of 2 100 bombers and fighters against Swinensuende less than 20 miles ahead of the red army and 6 rail hubs near the allied lines along the Rhine Monday afternoon more than 1 000 British Lancaster and Halifax heavy bombers made a concentrat ed attack on the transport and in dustrial center of Dortmund in the Ruhr Superf orts Light Fires in Nagoya Guam visible near ly 100 miles at sea raced uncon trolled Monday through Nagoya Japans greatest aircraft manufac turing center after 300 Superfort resses sowed 2000 tons of incen diary bombs through the center of the city One of the giant U S planes was lost iu the raid 21st bomber command headquarters reported Swinging 165 miles west from stillburning Tokyo the giant armada unloaded death and de struction on five square miles ot war plants business blocks gov ernment buildings and flimsy dwellings in the tinderbox center of Nagoya for two hours under cover of darkness early Monday Returning pilots said the rain of bombs more concentrated even ban the 2300 ions which turned out 15 square miles of Tokyo Sat urday kindled hellish fires that threaened to spread far beyond Ihe original target area A Japanese communique indi cated that a number ot fires still were out of control at p m Tokyo more than 16 hours afterthe start of the raid It said a fire had been started in the precincts of the Atsuta shrine one of 10 large shinto or religious shrines in Japan but added that the main and detach ed shrines were safe Radio Tokyo acknowledged that a number of fires still were out of control by 10 a m some 10 hours after the start of the attack It was probable that some would burn for 48 hours or more Maj Gen Curtis Le May com mander of the 21st bomber com mand in the Marianas reserved judgment until all reports were in bufc fartht attack ap pears very successful From Washington came iword that BA29s of the 20th bomber command in India nlso were in action Monday A medium force 50 in dustrial targets in the Singapore area for the sixth time The 20th command attacked Kuala Lumpur 200 miles north of Singapore Sat urday Superfortresses which struck at Nagoya Japans third largest city with 1400000 inhabitants caught the defenders otfguard by bomb ing from 5000 instead of the cus tomary 20000 feet Le May said the Japanese lacked automatic weapons for use against lowalti tude raiders No fighter opposition was re ported Antiaircraft tire was weak at first but increased as he raid wore on Losses were not an n o u n c e d immediately Tokyo claimed 22 of the big planes had been shot down and more than 60 damaged Ailmen over the triangular shaped target area adjoining Na goya palace midway in the attack estimated that 50 to 75 per cent of the area already was in flames They said they could see the fires 95 miles at sea Lt Frank Hermes of Cincinnati said the weather was even better than that which favored Hie at tack on Tokyo 48 hours earlier There were big tires burning in the target area he said We hit thc target right on the nose1 Early School Vote Light in Mason City A light vote was being cast in Mason Citys school election Mon day At 1 oclock after thc polls had been open 6 hours approximately 260 persons had cast their ballots The largest total was in the 2nd wardwhere 93 had turned out Vote by wards First Ward 51 Second Ward 93 Third Ward 69 Fourth Ward 47 Total Voters were selecting 2 school directors out of a group of 4 can didates R F Clough Jay Decker George Marty and Dr Harold Morgan Also before the voters was a proposition on whether or not there shall be established an an nuity and pension system for Ma son City teachers Voting machines are being used for this election with the polling places as follows First administra tion building Second Third garage 125 Delaware S E Fourth and R Chev rolet garage 18 Washington S W Foiling places close at 7 p m RACE AGAINST ATTEMPTS TO BLOW UP SPAN Germans Report Yank Bridgehead Widened to Paris broadcasts said that 4 1st army divisions of moie than 40000 troops had wid ened the Rhine bridgehead Mon day to more than 12 a miles Slowly but steadily streams of American arms flooded across the of it by the shell raked Ludendorff bridge at Kem agen and some by assault in a race against German artillery slill tryingnight and day to break the span which put the allies on to one of the main roads to the Ruhr It became increasingly appar ent in the paucity of details on crossRhine operations that the allied command had clapped on a security dimout This in itself un derscored the importance of the position Tank and Coot troops won a few hundred more yards of high ground inland from the 3mile wide bridgehead jutting into in ner Germany ivithin 274 miles of Berlin This squeezed the Germans back from any possible direct observa lion of fire on the Ludendorff bridge Lt Gen Courtney II Houses crossed the bridge by jeep Sunday and one German shell landed within50 feet of thc 1st army commander He spent an hour east of Ihe Rhine German heavy and medium guns still were firin methodically in an at tempt to score aknockout hit Berlin broadcasts said 2 tank and 2 infantry divisions were de Pldyed east of the Rhine between Honnef 44 miles southeast oj the Ruhr capital of DuesseldorfVand Hoenningen The enemy likewise said a large scale British offensixv to crojs the lower Rhine was imminent In creased artillery and reconnais sance were noted in the 40 miles ot smoke screened country be tween Emmerichand Nijmcgen Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges had thrown so many men cannon and tanks into the rugged Wester wald east of Remagen that noth ing less than a major German counterattack could bulge his there was no in dication that the nazis would be able to organize such a force from the ashes of their defeat west of the Rhine The dashing U S 3rd army just to the south eliminated all the Germans west of the Rhine and Moselle rivers except for 2 small pockets The tank and foot troops of Lt Gen George S Patton Jr capi tured 14 towns and won domina tion ot all the west bank of the Moselle except a 15mile stretch between Cochem and Erden Coblenz was besieged Some enemy stragglers were being dragged from a 2mile square pocket in a wood midway in the 16 railes between Mayen and the Rhine The others were near the Moselle over which some hvero filtering into the Saar dis t At least 8 towns of inner Ger many east of the Rhino were under thc American flag The Germans peppered he bridgehead with light artillery fire during thc night but made no new counterattack The surprise of the crossing was so complete that the Germans have been unable in 5 days to muster a counterattack in any s t re n g t h Correspondent Don Whitehead reported from first army headquarters British Canadian and American Sth army troops to the north kept the Germans on tenterhooks by maintaining 40 mile smoke screens along the lower Rhine The enemy said a crossing attempt was im minent between Emmerich and Wesel where the last enemy parachute troops were driven across the river American advances into he rolling green hills east of thc Rhine won more high ground from which German artillery had failed to knock out the Ludcndorff bridge Thc captured towns were in an arc 5 miles north 4 south and 3 east of the easl end of thc bridge across from Rc A street battle progressed in the picturesque town of Honnct 9000 population 5 miles north of Remagen along the east bank road toward Cologne and the Ruhr Other first army troops were advancing south along the river beyond Linz 5220 popula tion along the Loreili rock stretch of the Rhine gorge and inland beyond Bruchhausen and Ohlenburg into the Westerwald black rode hill Though he 3rd army besieged Coblenz it still bad to cross thc ;