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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 12, 1943, Mason City, Iowa OF NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND ARCHIVES MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS AUSlT PRB rOU LEASED HOME EDITION NO 132 i RAFPounds Stuttgart 11 Bombers Lost LIGHT GERMAN OF KHARKOV RAIDISMADEON LONDONS EDGE 2 Waves of 12 Nazi Raiders Each Fly Up Thames Estuary LONDON HAF paid its eighth night visit of March lo Geimany Thursday night pound ing the important industrial and communications center of Stutt gart in southwest Germany in a strong attack from which 11 bombers did not return it was announced officially Friday A strong formation of allied planes was heard Meat Rations to Start on March 29 at About 2 Pounds a Week for Home Consumption across the English channel toward France Friday and vapor trails looped about the sky between Ca lais and Boulogne as if dogfighls were in progress The air ministry in a terse communique described the Stutt gart raid as a heavy one which sumption startin other edible fats and canned fish will start at the same time Through this longexpected ac tion the government hopes to even up the civilian supplies which have been curtailed by huge di versions to the armed forces and lendIeasc Local shortages are expected to disappear quickly Harold B Rowe in charge of food rationing at the office of Price administration said the allotments will be proportion ately more generous than the roils put earlier this month on dw fruits usually means participation several hundred bombers by The loss of 11 bombers on the mission indicated that a siz able force took part in the as sault Alaree part of Sluttsarts population of a halfmillion is employedin precision engineer ing which is vital to Germanys war effort in the air and on the ground an official statement said and vegetables The meat ration he said probably will be more than many low income families will be able to afford although less than the average purchases of middle or Only a few hours after the high income families In the light of existing ration ing programs the new plan will bring restrictions to the largest part or the typical American diet Still unrationed on the basis of Fridays announcement will be milk cereals fresh fruits and vegetables bakery goods and nu merous specialties such as relishes From the customer viewpoint the unrationed oasis of food will be the restaurant or other public eating place These places will be rationed on their supplies but will not collect coupons Details of the program were an WUjnced night by n nh 111 i ii r Rouen Rail Yards and Oil Stores Are Bombed Again AT A UNITED STATES BOMBER STATION SOME WHERE IN ENGLAND United States heavy bombers with allied spitfire escort scared off German fighters for the sec ond time in a yeek Friday and bombed railroad yards and oil stores at Rouen 45 miles inland from the coast of France Direct hits were seen by fort ress flycrson a concentration of probably 1000 freight cars and fires burst up from a nearby group of bigoil tanks The spitfires some of which probably were flown by Am ericans who now are operating with the RAF were even more strikingly effective than during Mondays raid on railroad yards at Rennes This time FockeWulfs and messerschmitls not only kept at a respectful distance but could hardly be seen among the treat Miarms of spitfires living above below and on all sides of the bomber formations soared over Londons suburbs dropping bombs in at least one area and machinegunning trains and other targets By afternoon the death roll in Two waves of planes in up the Thames es tuary and five planes sped out ol the sun over a London suburb firing cannon and machineguns and spilling their bombs Five of the German planes were reported shot down The German losses m a light foray thus were nearly half as large as the Brit ish loss ol 11 planes in a fullscale attack on Stuttgart Early Friday afternoon five raiders flew low over a south east coast town and loosed bombs which damaged shops and other private property There were a number of casual ties The German high command communique broadcast from Ber rccordcd by the Associ ated Press said the people of Stuttgart suffered casualties from ary Great damage was caused in resldential quarters and to pub lic buildings and to several hos pitals it said i German communique cred ited fst nazi bombers with a de structive raid Thursday upon the south coast town of Hastings A viocnt mght attack upon New castle on the east coast and a morning thrust at London hi uhich numerous heavy high ex plosive bombs were loosed from low levels Agriculture and partlv Friday R Wickard morning by Price Administrator Prentiss M Brown Americas diet thus was tight ened up within a feuhours after two other food prosrrams were liberalized Coffee rations were restored to the one pound per person for five weeks instead of the current six weeks Cou pon charges were reduced for raisins prunes and dried beans peas and lentils Unsealed pack ages of dates and figs were made rationfree The 2pound meat ration esti mate made by Wickard was smoked or cattle calves sheep lambs and swine Not rationed will be poultry Same horsemeat fresh or other fish not contained in sealed cans or bodies and inedible fats such as soap Cheese rationing will cover mos types except cottage pot an similar soft or p e r i s h a b 1 cheeses If divided evenly th cheese supply under rationin would provide each person wit about onetenth of a pound week but this is expected to var widely according to individua tastes Similarly the butter supply average about 4 i ounces a person per week but anyone will be abl to buy more or less as he desire within his total of Ifi points pe week for all of the items on the new ration list Margarine short enmg salad oils and canned sal mon or tuna fish arc other in this group To the general public official said tile new program will appeat much simpler than was the canned goods program earlier this month There will be no registration no count of food already on hand and present suspen sion of sales before rationing be gins especially on meat Brown put the public on its honor not to hoard any of the new rationed items and said careful watch wil be kept so that sales of shortening Jor instance might be suspendec for a Jew days if people fail tobuy sensibly In a couple of weeks the of fice of price administration will make public as it did for can ned goods a chart shoMing the point values of the newly ra tioned items It will be mostly on a weight asis perhaps 10 points a pound lor porterhouse steal 7 points a icund for round steak 2 poinls or hamburger 8 points for but ter etc Butchers will be expected to according bnc was t calculation o the amount of meat standards but generally UL that will be available for civilians to buy for home consumption if divided up equally without regard to types of cuts Since meat killec by farmers for their own use will be unrationed and since customers will not have to give up coupons to eat in restaurants Wickard said the total civilian meat supply wil average 2y pounds a person per week Last years consumption was a little over pounds Actually every person regard less of nge will the bein mng at ration points to spend as he chooses on meat cheese edible fats and oils and canned fish He may use more 01 less of Ins points as he desires foi meal instead of the other items md the weight of meat he gets foi Ins points will also depend on whether lie buys steak or spare Aithough the initial allotment Will be 16 points per person per wcek consumers will be allowed to accumulate and use their points during approximately a months period Thus in the week begin ning March 29 each person will be se only 16 red A coupons in his No 2 ra tion book In the following week he will able lo use any leftover Points phis another 18 the red B coupons He can Keep on using these leftovers Plus each weeks new allotment of points until April 30 when all the coupons of Ihe first four weeks will expire together One difference between this system and the canned goods cou pon plan is that butchers and stores will be able to give change in coupons to customers having an inexact number o coiijiun points to pay for a purchase On canned goods no change is permitted and coupon payments must be ex act Otherwise the point system will be the same in nearly all respects as the one now in use for canned frozen and dried vegetables and fruits The same ration book will be used in fact with the red cou pons good for meat and its com panion items and the blue coupons continuing to be used for fruits and vegetables The new points will be announced in about two weeks be speaking ii will be up to the cus tomer to enforce this rule by tak ing his patronage to another store if dissatisfied Where a type of meat such as spare ribs naturally has an excess of bone or other wastc OPA will compensate for he loss by setting Joiv point values Because meat cutting cannot be exact coupon costs will be fir ured to the nearest full point val ue A piece of meat that figured to 314 coupon points for instance would cost 9 poinls If it figures to points it would be counted as 10 points If the butcher cute a bigger piece than ordered thats between him and the customer to argue about but the customer must pay in coupon points for all lie actually buys Most of the complications in the new program will be on the shoulders of the butchers and packers instead of the public Butchers will have to give cou pons to wholesale houses and wholesale houses to packers The point values for these tran sactions will be different be cause of necessary allowances for shrinkage waste and other factors which run up 20 per The point values of prunes and raisins were cut from 20 to l points a pound to stimulate sales of existing stocks before warm weather causes spoilage Point cost of dried beans peas and len ils was lowered from 8 to 4 points a pound because of improved sup Plies especially due to imports from Mexico FIGHT RAGES ON SOUTH END OF MARETH FRONT Heavy Casualties Are Suffered by Germans in Assaults on Allies BULLETIN ALL I ED HEADQUARTERS IX NORTH AFRICA RAF announced Friday that its western desert air force had destroyed 21 of Field Marshal Konunels armored vehicles at tacking allied ground forces at Ksar Rhilane west of the southern end of the Mareth line Original reports said the Germans attacked with about 30 armored cars The RAF an nouncement indicated therefore Hut the crcater part of the at tacking force had been wiped out By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Bitter fighting raged deep be hind the southern end of the Mareth line Friday as Field Mar shal Erwm Rommel struck out against flanking British 8th army forces near Ksar Rhilane and first official accounts said the Germans had suffered another heavy blov in Tunisia Ksar Rhilane lies 45 miles west of Foum Tatahouine at the south ern end of the 60 mile long Mareth defense works Heavy casualties were in flicted on the enemy and many vehicles were left burning said communique from Gen D wight D Eisenhowers head quarters The communique said the battle was continuing with Rommel ap parently making a desperate at tempt to break the ring which en Sir Bernard L Montgom ery s 8th army is forging around the axis in conjunction with America French and British 1st army troops in the north A bulletin from allied hcad said ColGcn Jurgen von Arnims axis forces renew ng the offensive against the British first army lines west of Sedjenane attacked three times Thursday without success Sedjenane is 35 miles west of the axis stronghold of Bizertc There was patrol activity only n central Tunisia a communique said Italian headquarters said allied armored thrusts had been re mised by our artillery and air orce in an unspecified sector of he Tunisia battle theater The thrust to Ksar Knilane suggested that Montgomery per haps was starting to sweep around the Mareth line ralher than attempt a frontal attack aainst the powerful defense works pursuing the tactics ex ploited by the Germans against Ihe Maginot line in France Jft ty y In any event the British general lad drawn at least some of Rom iiel s armored forces out into th Rommel began fallin Jack behind the Slarcth line last dispatches said Montgomery was supremely con ident the 8th army could Ulse any axis attack Iowa Senate Votes Pension Level Boost DES MOINES low senate Friday voted 45 to 0 lo re move the present 525 a montl ceiling on old age pensions The measure now goes lo the house the bill provides that the amount of assistance shall b fixed with due regard to the cou rt ti on of the individual inchidin all resources availableto the an plicant or recipient The situation in the pensioners household and conditions in the community also are lo be con sidered together with the esscn Hal need due lo the individuals mental and or physical condition The senate voted down ai amendment by Senator A E ustme whicl would place the minimum of the applicant at S40 a montl and another amendment by Sena tor Carl O Sjulin RHambuiK which would have retained the present a month ceiling en dally but would have left the way open for the board of so cial welfare to make larger grants in cases Senator ROES Moivry R New ton withdrew an amendment which would have provided maximum limit of 530 a month The present law provides for a maximum of a month with an additional a month if the board considers it justified by tile phys ical or mental condition of the applicant Senator George Faul R DCS who handled the bill ex plained that it was intended to nake the pension provisions under he old age assistance law more flexible Fridays action followed Thurs days debate on the measure in whiclvDevere Watson R Council Bluffs charged Ihat old peoplc n Iowa are going to bed huivry because their old age pensions arc nadequatc under present provi sions Senator Fanl said the present iveiage old age assistance nay nent is a month HEARSlTLER HAS BREAKDOWN Welles U S Receives Unconfirmed Reports WASHINGTON state Icpartment lias received uncon irmed reports that Adolf Hitler is uttering from a complete break town Acting Secretary of State Veiles said Wednesday Welles did lot imply that the department was ttaching much importance to hem He merely asserted in an wer to press conference questions hat the department had received nconfumed reports similar to nose published about Hitler in the ewspapers oC various countries ecciitly of the Wings for ceremony London these members of the h i ngland leatt a process on along the Thames embankment The program was arranged r act Vities of both British and Amcr air Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much chang in temperature Friday after noon and Saturday forenoon slightly warmer Friday nigh lowest temperature K r i d a night in MasonCity 18 IOWA Warmer Friday night an Saturday forenoon MINNESOTASlightly warme Friday night and south and ex treme cast portions Saturcluj forenoon Colder northwest am north central portions Saturday forenoon Scattered light snov north portion Friday night anc moderate snow extreme nortl portion Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY JlobeGaxette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 39 Minimum Thursday night 1 At 8 a m Friday 2 The range in temperature early hursday of 15 below to 39 above n the afternoon provided the un isual spread of 51 degrees EAR AGO Maximum Minimum 37 20 Policemen Hear Man Sold Car and C Gas Book Arrest Follows KANSAS CITY Kans George F Graubergcr and th Yovetich couldnt help over bearing young men in a cafe talk ng about a friend whod sold his ar And say piped up one of the rowd did you guys know he sold us C sasolinc ration book too For The patrolmen went into action he seller went to jail and the city U S PLANES BLAST KISKA Low Level Attack Is Made on Buildings WASHINGTON bombers and fighters blasted Japanese gun positions and build ings on Kiska island in the Aleu tians the navy announced Friday m a violent low level attack against the Japanese outpost last Wednesday The navy communique said Japanese antiaircraft batteries were bombed and strafed and three buildings in the camp area were damaged by heavy bomb hits m the raid on Kiska Ail United States planes returned although antiaircraft fire was encountered The navy also announced that minor bombing attacks were made Thursday on Japanese posi tions in the Shortiand islands area and m the central Solomons BDV War Savings Bonds and IOWAN AMONG a KILLED TAMPA Fla staff Sgt Varrcn H Allen of R F D 2 We adn Iowa was one of rive men tiled Thursday when a medium ombcr crashed near LuU about 0 miles north of here while on 1 online flight from MacDill Field i to assure survival ofSM r01 this fully equipped lie nmnf Slgnals foocl sails andVatcr pioof suits is bcmg issued as replacement of olcltvpc aU S K the F R STRESSES POSTWAR PLAN States Responsibility Rests With Congress WASHINGTON fioosevelt said Friday ihai it is squarely up to congress whether the nation would have a great poslivar delay in providing jobs ioimen leaving the armed serv ices ami war industries The chief executive talking at s press conference did not into any of the broad recommen dations for postwar programs drawn up by the national rc ourccs planning board and sub mitted to congress Wednesday But he did say in response lo questions hat the burden and responsibility for c o n t i n u c d plannine rests entirely in coii else The house has refused to vote unds for continuing the work of ho planning board but the senate las taken no final action on the SS11C Mr Roosevelt said that the joard has listed about 57000000 000 worth of publicworks to take up unemployment which would iffect a great many people upon Icmobilization and closing of war Jlants It is nil very well for congress o pass legislation he asserted you dont start human beings o work on a project by passing an appropriation You have to have VYAZMA TAKEN BY RUSSIANS ON CENTRAL FRONT Heavy Reinforcements Used by Germans in Southern Battle BULLETIN LONDON liP The Berlin radio broadcast Friday a dis patch credited lo Iic Inter national Information Bureau asserting that the Germans had reoccupicd Kharkov The In ternalioua Information B u reaii is a nazj propaganda agency which BNB the official agency quotes in matters for which it does not wish to as sume full responsibility LONDON MVThe Soviet Monitor announced Friday the recording of a Moscow broad cast which said the Russians hail captured Vyazma By KOOEK GREEXE Associated Press War Editor Adolf Hitlers invasion armies were reported to have abandoned tile key city of Vyazma 130 miles west of Moscow while in the south the bloody third battle or Kharkov reached a critical slaso rnday as lie Germans threw in masses ot fresh reserves and gamed new around The German high command said nazi troops were already fightiiifr in the streets of Khar kov the soviet rillsbursh which red army forces recap tured Fcl IB Frontline dispatches said the Russians were bleedingthe enemy white but conceded that the de fenders were outnumbered German reserves by 11 d spccificntioi beforehand be rc cnginecrm marked Thus far Mr Roosevelt said only about in pro jects have been approved and specifications for them Urafjcd and these projects wouldnot employ a great many people II is squarely up congress be president declared whether arc going lo havi lialus whether there will or jobs ready to On the central front n Berlin broadcast said German troops evacuated Vyazma according to plan after virtually blowing the own of 20000 population off the map Vyazma was the last major de fense barrier on the road to Hit lers old central front headquar ters at Smolensk 100 miles to the west With its fall the Russians now have strong protection for assaults on the German base it Orel 175 miles southeast Vyazma and Bryansk 130 miles outh WhileHie red armies pursued the nazis a longthe Vyazma bmolcnsfc the route of Vapuleous disastrous retreat from Moscow in 1812 other so viet columns driving toward Smolensk from newlyrecap tured Bcly were reported o have seized 16 towns and vil lages and killed more than GOO Germans Smolensk is 80 miles southwest of Bcly ap In the struggle for Kharkov proximately 375000 fresh German troops were reported storming against le steel center from two sides and the Russians declared he enemy was liyins at all costs lo break through to the city in its midday communi i ICJVJC soviet headquarters announced South of Kharkov our troops repelled fierce enemy attacks West of Kharkov strong enemy tank and infantry forces stormed our positions At the cost of heavy losses he enemy succeeded in pressing back our units Kharkovs Fate More Critical I German cicit alul forces have 6obs Kharkov illy on paper tan Mcmwhile house republican caders renewed their cnmpain or creation or a joint committee n postwar development follovv ig publication of the national re ources planning board report Bad Debt Wl JMallcy Nebraska internal rcv nue collector reports inability o make one taxpayer understand vhat constitutes a bad debt The man claimed an exemption f several hundred dollars for a the west at enormous cost the Soviets acknowledged Friday nnd front dispatches said the citys Plight was becoming more cal by the hour debt How do we know the bad asked the clerk debt Well responded the man I o because I had to pay it Inc man went awav omplcting his filing lo find aftcl several olfici rr without i me nrvzi pyns radio last atl the before nowtonly controlled all lines of communi cations in the citys outskirts i lie red army save sroiind the midtlay communique said in he face of assaults hy suc cecdmp waves of armored forces many of them fresh re serves rushed to he front to bolster he allout German at tempt to recapture Russias fourth city Field dispatches reported that the Uormans were flinging the full weight of upwards of 25 clivi men a widening arc west and south of Kharkov regardless of losses South of he city however the office tailed to mSite im understand Var Sa and force n crossing of the upper Don ets river m the face of whhcrinc fire from soviet artillery mounted on the north bank Dozens of axis tanks were destroyed as they i maneuvered on the opposite bank ;