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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, March 12, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 12, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES OCS KOINES U VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED HUBS AND TCD ntl LEASED WIRES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 12 1942 TiflS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE BATTLES LOOM ON VITAL SEA LANES to Attack Atlantic MS OF CAA BRAZIL SEIZES BLOWS AT SEA AGAINST ALLIES Russians Report Big Victories in Sector Northwest of Moscow By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Heavy new blows against the xne numoer ot students given allies at sea were claimed by the elementary pilot training is to be axisThursday with the Germane 1 De axisThursday with the Germans asserting that 823200 tons of ship ping had been sunk in American waters and the Italians reporting success in attacking a great Brit ish naval squadron in the eastern Mediterranean Premier Mussolinis high com mand said waves of Italian tor pedocarrying planes scored hits Wednesday on three British cruis ers and probably sank one of them This action was repeated by German planes and submarines which renewed the attack and hit with certainty tivo more naval units of the enemy the fascist high command said An Italian submarine was ac knowledged missing The German version of the Mediterranean battle listed five British cruisers as damaged three hit by Italian torpedo planes another by German bombers and the fifth hit twice by nazi Uboat torpedoes Adolf Hitlers high command in a special communique said Ger operating in the north anacentral American wa ters had sunk 17 more merchant ships totalling 109000 mak wSa total of 772500 tons sunk by off the American Italian submarines were credited by the Berlin radio with sinking an additional 50700 tons The German communique also reported that Uboats sank three ships in the Windward islands British West Indies and said nazi speedboats sanktwo ships total ing 5000 tons out of a strongly protected convoy in the English channel and German bombers damaged a merchant vessel off the coast of Scotland REDS TELL OF VICTORIES IN KALININ ZONE The second European war front sought by Soviet Russia may be established on the north shores WASHINGTON CAA ivilian aviation training program Thursday was ordered more than doubled in size and geared com pletely into the war effort as a part of the urgent expansion of the nations air power The war department announced the move explaining it was workedout in cooperation with the army air forces The number of students given ementary pilot training is to raised from 25000 to 45000 a year and the facilities of the sec ondary flying course tripled to train 30000 students annually In addition training is to be provided for the first time for ground technicians About 31000 are to tie given this training an nually All who undergo the flying or ground technician training must agree to serve in the army air corps or if unable to meet mili tary requirements must agree to contribute their future effort to a field of aeronautics adapted to serve the national interest nazi raiders coast summer returns to the Arctic mili tary and political incidents indi cated Thursday This possibility arose as the Russians announced red army forces had killed 49700 Ger mans destroyed 277 planes and recaptured 161 communities in the Kalinin zone northwest of Moscow from Feb 5 lo Marcli 8 Dispatches to London said red army troops on the Kalinin front had breached a line of fortified villages which Adolf Hitler had BRITISH LIMIT GAS FURTHER Only Those Showing Genuine Need Will Receive Motor Fuel LONDON unessenti al motoring will disappear this sum mer from Englands roads under a new rationing system which will withhold gasoline from everyone except those proving genuine need it was officially disclosed Thursday as the government clamped down on wartime frivoli ties with sharp new measures to restrict sports events spokesman said replace ment of the present basic gaso line allows mo torists fuel for 200 miles of driv ing 2 more rigorous controls would he gradual He explained the purpose of the change was io end pleasure motoring for the present and ultimately to take all unessen tial cars off the road A second spokesman said re strictions on sports events such mtJ as racing and boxing also would of Germanoccupied Norway and conserve gasoline and further Germanallied Finland when the reduce the number of hours lost jn vitj industrjes Beginning with the AprilMay period supplementary gasoline al lowances will be reduced and the purchasing power of basic gaso line ration coupons will be cut in half On July 1 the basic ration will cease to exist and the only way to get gasoline will be to make a spe cific application wilh satisfactory proof that it is necessary 6 Army Flyers Die as Bomber Falls in Texas SAN ANTONIO Texas Six army officers and three enlisted killeoVWednesday night in the crash of their army B25 medium bomber nine miles east of Yoa kum Duncan field officials dis closed Thursday The machine burned The dead all from Camp Beauregard La were Second Lieut D W Bradford Second Lieut R C Hocking First Lieut A M Johnston Master Sgt C G Frazier Tech Sgt E F Sgt C A Smith ordered held to the end German garrisons were said to have been established behind tangled wire walls of ice and pill boxes NonEssential Civil Population Ordered to Evacuate Ceylon COLOMBO Ceylon Ad miral Sir Geoffrey Layton com mander in chief made his first move Thursday to evacuate non essential civilians from his island off the southern tip of India in view of the threat of Japanese at tack He ordered all persons includ ing wives and children of army navy and air force men who are not normally resident in Ceylon and who are not engaged in es sential war work to leave as soon as possible Further nonCeylonese women xvith young children were advised to leave it they were not engaged in war work or important social welfare work Drives Horse to His Iowa Garage BEND Iowa Van Huffel bought a horse and buggy because his tires were wearing thin Now he giddyaps to work each day and parks a horse aVhis plncc of automobile garage f FUNDS HELD BY AXIS SUBJECTS Crowd Breaks Window pi Blacklisted Firm in Rio de Janeiro BULLETIN RIO DE JANEIRO cial police detachments equipped with tear gas and military police with rifles deployed in front of axis commercial establishments Thursday after angry Brazilians entered several stores smashed furniture and attacked several Germans RIO DE JANEIRO ff An angry crowd of several hundred persons some shouting kill them broke the show window of a blacklisted German firm Thursday on Rio de Janeiros main street Avenida Rio Branca The outburst directed chiefly at the German store Casa Lohner came just after noon and followed upon antiaxis measures taken by the Brazilian government The government confiscated up to 30 per cent of the funds of axis subjects in this country in a decree which branded Ger many Italy and Japan as ag gressors and strengthened belief that a declaration of war might follow The decree by President Getuilo Vargas said the confiscations were based on acts of war prac ticed against the American con tinent and singled out Germany as particularly responsible Since Germany Italy and Japan are allies they are united in ag gression the decree stated It blamed Germany for fail ure to pay admitted obligations for damage to a Brazilian ship in the Mediterranean some time ago and for attacks on peace able unarmed Brazilian mer at least four of which have been sunk reccndy off the Atlantic coasls of the United States In explanation of holding axis nationals accountable Vargas con cluded In conditions of modern war of armed forces and their activity is Hes 1A in the Request Operations in North Norway Are Expected By FRED VANDERSCHMIDT NEW YORK Cumulative iilitary and political evidence in dicates the imminence of highly mportant operations centering about the area between the deso late north cape at the top of Nor way and the cruel 1000foot gran He cliffs of the Russian Mur mansk coast Major air and naval operations already arcunder way involving German capital ships British tor pedo planes undoubtedly operat ing from an aircraft carrier other British warships and united na tions convoys Casairyeos two sisters Mabel 16 and Teresa 17 proved there INDIAN LEADERS STUDY OFFER Gandhi Will Meet With Working Committee of AllIndia Congress NEW DELHI India Mo handas K Gandhi nationalist leader arranged Thursday to meet at Wardha India next Tues day with a working committee of the AllIndia congress to discuss Prime Minister Winston Church ills statement to commons on the Indian problem tuiiuiuuija UL muoern war civil populations find themselves Congress leaders meanwhile strictly linked to the fate of official comment on the mission to India of Sir more than in any other epoch of Stafford Cripps leader of corn history a determining element in mons the result of war operations Brazil broke off diplomatic re lations with Germany Italy and Japan on Jan 28 Iowa Vegetable Growers Are Reluctant to Expand Acreage ni rn r AT Only 70 of Necessary 400 Acres of Peas Under Contract at Hampton DES MOINES Iowa agri Blame Mouse When Accounts Wont Balance CAMP DAVIS N Car This army mouse was well off When members of the postofficc staff found their accounts S50 out of balance they started a check and recheck and a wide search Final iy secreted in a little used desk drawer a wellnibbled 550 money order was found serving as the lining of a mouses nest Buy your defense savings stamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office The Moslem league headed by M A Jinnah wil consider the Churchill statement at a special meeting March 25 It was under stood that Jinnah WES awaiting further details of the proposed Cripps mission before comment ing Unofficial quarters said some effort might be made before Crippml arrival for a political truce among the various Indian factions Indian nationalists unoffi cially expressed disappointment at Churchills statement holding that the Cripps mission seemed only a delaying action BASKETBALL SCORES GIRLS TOURNAMENT At DCS Moincs Ankeny Bode 24 Clutier 40 Cenlerville 20 Brown Asks for Red White and Blue Nomination Papers By JOHN CHAPMAN Ricks rfSMINS Wfwretary of Stale Earl G Miller currentlv a iviLM candidate for the republican nomination for governor 1 li iciV t nu t uajr iivniiiiuuvii iui saio Thursday lie isn t paying any attention to an opponent who requested snecial mn urnito ind Till Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Somewhat warmer Thurs day afternoon and Thursday night Occasional light rain in west and south portions Thurs day night and near the Mis souri river Thursday afternoon MASON CITY Warmer Thursday afternoon and Thursday night Temperatures above freezing IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 37 Minimum Wednesday night 20 At 8 a m Thursday 32 YEAR AGO Alaximum 31 Minimum 15 Precipitation trace Snowfall red white and blue papers The opponent is David K Brown of Harlan who was state superintendent of until the board of which Miller is a member ousted him 14 months ago Browns request for the fancy nomination papers followed dis closure that the bill for 5000 specially prepared papers for Miller had gone through the state printing office and been paid for by state warrant Miller Wednesday tendered the slate comptroller S35 in cash to cover the printing cost with the explanation that the bill had been paid with state funds through error Brown asked to have his picture printed in the center of his red white and blue nomination papers In the left lower corner I wish the grand seal of the state of Iowa and in the right lower cor ner m its colors ot red white and blue the flag of our beloved na tion he wrote I will not require 5000 nomina tion papers as I wish to conserve paper and will be satisfied with the usual number of signatures required he added Asked Thursday what he in tends to do with Browns re quest Miller said Hes just the same to me as if he wasnt running Asked then if he knew of any news Thursday Miller answered Nothing new only Im going to be the next governor of loway A postscript on Browns letter was expected to relieve Miller of any embarrassment concerning the Harlan mans request for the highly decorated nomination pa pers It read P S If Ive asked too much the standard paper costing 60 cents per 1000 will be all right cultural war production board of ficials Thursday expressed con cern over the reported reluctance of vegetablegrowing farmers to expand their acreages of peas sweet corn tomatoes and snap beans this year Jess Alton state crop loan su pervisor said the Marshall Can ning company thus far had suc ceeded in lining up only 200 acres of peas for its factory at Roland About 900 acres will be needed to keep the Roland plant running at capacity he said At Hampton the same com pany has only 70 of the neces sary 400 acres under contract Alton said after conferring with Hiltman Everlsen of Mar shalitown Marshall Canning representative and president of the IowaNebraska Canners as sociation Fear of a 1ibor shortage is one deterring factor in lining up the necessary acreage Alton said Be cause of lendlease needs and sharply higher military and do mestic demand the federal de partment of agriculture has asked that tomato production be stepped up 25 per cent this year over last years record yields Other pro duction goals Pears 34 per cent higher than 1941 sweet corn 45 per cent higher and snap beans 33 per cent higher A J Loveland chairman of the Iowa Agricultural War Production board and stale AAA chief has prepared a bulletin to all county AAA committees saying In the counties where cannin factories are located and ia many of the adjoining counties that have formerly contracted with the can ners for acreages of these Hie canncrs have reported that there is reluctance on the part of the farmer to contract acreages ot sweet corn peas tomatoes and snap beans V With this knowledge and he knowledge that the farmers are rapidly coming to a conclusion on Ihe acreage of 1942 crops the state committee very much de sires that the county committees and township committees make it their No 1 job to assist in se curing acreages of these vital war crops Alton said the pea planting sea i ui a son might begin next week if the frost is out of the ground or not later than the last week in March If the response on peas is a criterion on what is going to hap per cent more than last where Price docsjit seem to be an ele mcnt in this at all he com mented The canncrs packing Iowa prod ucts have agreed to pay an aver age of 56750 for peas this year compared with last year and 550 in 1940 No 1 peas will bring a ton in the Marshall factor ies Alton said he was told while No 2 grade will vary from S100 to 5120 No 3 from S60 to and No 4 from 530 to 550 be th of surplus crops anc to block any move to hold rising prices by dumping pluses on the market sur ut me Lunwtjy nne runnii President Roosevelt already has to Leningrad and beyond tiic J indicated his unwillingness to farm prices soar He cautionei creased prices would contribute to the dangers of inflation Bosch 80 German Now however there are these significant military and political developments to show that some thing big is stirring The Germans have moved at least four big ships the super battleship Tirpitz the pocket battleship Admiral Schcer and the heavy cruisers Admiral Hip per and Prinz Eugen to the Nor wegian coast They are based on Trondheim and they arc there to keep the allies out of the north Actually on the Germans own authority these ships or smaller The canncrs are offering a Crated this asfar rlorth as ter a short illness at Stuttgart as Bear island between Spit his firm made Ihe we FIERCE ALLIED PLANE ATTACKS SLOW IIP JAPS Germans May Lash at Sea Routes From U S to Britain Russia By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign Editor The allies and the axis headed into showdown struggles Thurs day for control of the sea ap proaches to Australia and India and the Atlantic routes from America to Britain and Russia The battle for communica lions Hues raged most fiercely north of Australia where American flying fortresses Aus tralian and other allied airplanes reported a total of 13 enemy troop transports and one or two Var shins blasted by aerial bombs iii the New Guinea sec tor These blows were described in dispatches from Australia as slow ing down although apparently not hailing Ike enemy offensive to ward Port Moresby and Australia where the united nations are massing theiv strength But the conflict extended over a huge area in the southwestern These cannot be explained enireiy by the routine move ment of American and British supplies to Archangel More than that the competent analyst is considering whether he western allied powers will pound a wedge of wellequipped power into the top of Europe when the midnight sun shines this com ing summer Free Europe a review of inter national affairs published in Lon don said Thursday that an allied spring offensive in the west should have a good chance of success foi the forces now concentrated in the British Isles presumably are stronger than those Hie Germans have disposed from Kirkenes Norway to Hendaye France CONTROVERSIES ARE TACKLED Farm Bloc Wards Off Attack to Prevent Surplus Sales Limit WThe bouse tackled Thursday new controver sial features of the agriculture appropriations bill af ter the farm bloc warded off an attack on its plan to prevent sale of governmentheld surplus crops below parity prices Economy advocates demanded cuts all along the line as huge them 557 for loans and grants to re habilitate needy up for action The house ended its eighth days debate on the fiscal bill Wednes day by voting 116 to 47 to retain a rider preventing the Commodity Credit corporation from using any of its allotment for ex penses connected with 5ae of sur plus stock below parity The rider previously had beei modified to permit release of de teriprated corn and wheat bclou un wuna nas almost lorgotten parity to feed livestock and make about the Murmansk front and industrial alcohol and of cotton in connection with the agriculture departments new uses program But some farm spokesmen ob viously remained concerned ove JHJL wujr cia u spot where the allies could strike with overwhelming forces It added that control of upper Scandinavia would give the united nations a convenient link with Russia through Finland and would put them in position to strike directly info the heart of Germany An offensive at lie op of Europe might well be the extra contribution to Russias cause which the soviet union RIVCS every evidence of expecting There is plenty to win A Suc cessful push could uipc Fin land from the war open and protect the whole alliedRus sian supply line via lie excel lent port of Murmansk and re establish the allies in Norway where they could organize and supply increasing resistance by the population X A common U SBritishRussian fighting front could be thrown quickly across the thin tip of Fin land and this front in time might provide just the impetus which the Russians need to turn the whole German northern flank and collapse it upon the Baltic states and East Prussia itself There are 1500 miles of sea from the present United States bases in northern Ireland to the north cape but it is barely 30 miles across tlie northeastern ex tremity of Norway to Russian ter ritory and only 50 miles farther east to Murmansk Eisht hundred miles straight south of Murmansk reachable almost directly by railway is the Staraya Russa front where the Russians have pushed back closer to Germany than any where else Slaraya Russa is only 130 miles from Latvia ant then it is just 100 miles lo East Trussia V X Throughout the long winter the world has almost forgotten about the Murma the Germans and Finns there have huddled somewhere about the city and on the Rybichi pen I 4 1 i UL1U133 I Or CM VI msula to the northwest quiescent war restrictions but close enough t appears to of her naval power against allied communication lines Dispatches from the lighting fronts showed AUSTRALIA American and allied planes sink or bomb 13 enemy transports and hit at least one warship in several days of heavy raids on Japanese invaders of New Guinea but fate of re ported enemy armada headed for Port Moresby is uncertain remove women and children and some other civ ilians from island ot Ceylon in preparation for coming battle for India Indian factories await de tails of new British plan designed to solve independence problem and mobilize native power against Japanese and Chinese brace for big land battle on north ern front defending Mandalay and Lashio after evacuation of South Burma RAF bombs Moulmein Thailand reports Chinese invasion thrust repulsed reported at tacking Chinese guerillas in Shan tung province and attempting to take Siangshan harbor on the coast ot Chekiang province with sea invasion forces overnment leaders tell diet that Japan will intensify land and sen operations against allies report 10000 pris oners 20000 tanks and vehicles captured 130 allied warships al legedly sunk as compared to 27 Japanese transports and 19 war ships lost RUSSIA Red army reports victory on Kalinin front north west of Moscow where 49700 Germans killed and defense line broken despite Hitlers orders to hold it at all costs MEDITERRANEAN Italian propaganda broadcasts claim throe British cruisers torpedoed and one probably sunk in attack on convoy Turkey hears Marshal Erwin Rommel leader ot axis in North Africa may take major role in expected spring offensive in near east end gasoline rations for civilians and tighten preparation all out battle for control of Russian counter however freed captured sections ot the railway line running south i and the north cape where C vvtl an e nor cape where Bosch magneto and other it was claimed they sank a soviet Li vn frpiph tnr liit Llll IIOl rn end of the off Norway offensive has The massing of German naval power off Norway indicated a major attempt to break the allied north Atlantic lines to Russia The new German naval base has been established at Trond heim Unofficial reports said that it was heavily protected and equipped to shelter warships against air attacks Presence of the von Tirpitz Germanys biggest battleship oft the Norwegian coast was disclosed by British reconnaissance and the admiralty reported Wednesday that the big new dreadnaught had been attacked by British naval torpedo planes with unknown re sults The British believe Germany may have assembled at Trond hcim the two fast heavy cruis ers Admiral Hipper and Ad miral Schcer both 10000 ton ;