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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 11, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP OF I 0 I 0 R Y AND ARCHIVE 1 HOI I A THE NEWSfAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS GIVE MOKE fN44 HOME EDITION VII L Associated Press and United Press full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copy MASON CITV IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 11 1914 NO 131 3 GREAT SOVIET FORCES GAIN IN SOUTH UKRAINE Huge Drive Aimed to Clear All Nazis From Southern Russia London great sov iet armies rolling forward through the mud and water of the south ern Ukraine have shattered Ger man lines over a 500 mile front in a mammoth drive to clear the enemy from all southern Russia Moscow dispatches reported Sat urday The drive was brought into sharp locus by Fridays announce ment that a 3rd offensive had been launched in that Marshal Ivan S Konevs 2nd Ukrainian army Moscow said his forces had broken through enemy defenses on a 109mile line southwest of Cherkasy killing 20000 Germans capturing 2500 more and liberat ing more than 300 towns and vil lages including the pivotal strong hold of Uman less than 30 miles northwest of the Buc river Fourteen German approximately 150000 routed in this 5 day drive the Russian communique said They included 7 infantry 6 lank and one artillery divisions The truif scale ol this German defeat can be judged from the huge quantities of trophies cap tured by our troops the soviel bulletin said Weapons equip ment and military supplies were strewn on the whole course of the road from the Gniloi Tikicli rivei to the town ot Uman All the roads were packed with cnem tanks selfpropelled guns ar mored troops carriers and trucks Konevs tremendous southern lunge covering from 25 to 5C miles since last Monday possiblj spelled the doom of the Dnieper bend forces Spearhead his army were already driving the Germans back upon the Bu river line further to the west am clearing out German positions tc the southeast in the direction o Kirovograci On Koncvs right Marsha Gregory K Zhukovs first Ukrain ian army storming into south ern Poland across the severcc OdessaMoscowtrunk r a i 1 a Friday his troops in the Proskuro area captured Krasilov 15 mile to the north further narrowing German escape route toward Hu mania They also swept up severa towns along the Bug river in lunge toward Vinnitsa Zhukovs right wing continue to fight street battles in the tow of Tarnopol the inner defense of which were breached Thursday Moscow said These forces wet less than GO miles from the Ru manian frontier Southeast of Konevs Iron Gen Rodion Y Malinovskys 3r Ukranian army pressed on to ward the Black Sea ports o Kherson and Nikolacv His force captured 150 more towns an hamlets north west and southwe of Krivoi Rog including Tavkiii 34 miles northeast of Nikolae and Andrcyevka 3G miles nortl cast of Kherson Barotovka an Dobroyc were other importai points taken in this drive Red Cross War Fund Total Now They pushed the amount raised in the Cerro Gordo county Red ross war fund campaign to Saturday as weather conditions lain interfered with the progress of the solicitors A steady rain us falling Saturday The report showed a gain of lore than 82700 fromAhe previ us report in the campaign but idications from all along the ex ended line of the canvass came eporls that contributors were ro 5onding to the increased needs L tUc Red Cross The residential canvass it was imounced Saturday is over the op The 1 wards yielded hicli together with in con ributions from womens clubs Taught the total to gainst a quota of S3100 Tile amount raised in each ward vas 1st SI24275 2nd rd and 4th Mrs Charles B Harding is hairman of the residential drive nd the following ward chalr nen 1st Mrs Harry Sondergaard nd Miss Margaret Bagley 3rd Irs E VI Lilley and 4th Mrs A R Lenz This is an example of man ler in which people are re ponding in this drive said C E Lefller Mason City chairman One more township Lake is ver the top and various other groups arc nearing the coraple ion of their territories with ex ellent results it was announced at the Red Cross office 4TH DIES AFTER SHOOTING ORGY Swancutt Assailant Is Somewhat Improved Riverside Cat Lt Beaufort Swancutt was some what improved Saturday bu lis commanding officer v Capt Aubrey dead the 4th victim of Swancutts wild shooting orgy Sunday night at the Cam Anzt officers club Airs Serfling who had been a her husbands bedside since ariiv ng from Preston Minn Thurs day was unable to speak with hiir before his death Friday night Dorothy Douglas the 19 yea old girl over whom Swancut went into a jealous frenzy Lour dine Livermore 18 her girl friend and Policeman Arthur Simpson were Idling when the lieutenan jvent berserk Four others wiio were injurci were recovering Swancutt wa wounded by a policemans bulle Married and the father ol tw children Swancutt faces a com martial with death before the fir ng squad as the possible penalt for the 4 slayings Mrs Gertrude Swancult hi blueeyed wife came from L Crosse Wis to give him all th help I can because lI am sti in love with him and as far as know he is still in love with me Einstein Calls for Aid to Work Out Tax Report Princeton X J as a mnthemiticia but Professor Albert Einstein saj he was forced to call in a tax expert to help him work out the complex income tax form Of Iiis reaction to the income tax form he said Friday night is a question too difficult for a mathematician It should be asked of a philosopher Einsteins theory of relativity is supposedly understood by only 7 persons in the world Charged With Taking Soldiers Allotment While Wed to Another International Falls Minn UI Harry White 29 Cass Lak Minn was held Saturday for fee oral authorities on charges of co lecting a soldiers dependency a lotment as his common law AVI while married to another man Police who arrested Mrs Whi on a minor charge said that sh admitted cashing S500 in allo ments from Leo Latourneau As Lake Minn soldier Mrs Whi admitted signing papers for th allotment they said She admitted that sh married White May 17 1937 Cass Lake but that she planned divorce him Buy AVar Savings Bonds an Stamps from your GIobeGazet carrier boy Van Loon 62 Historian and Author Dies Greenwich Conn Hen driek William Van Loon 02 his torian and author died Saturday at his home in old Greenwich Van Loon native of Holland and devoted to the cause of the Dutch in the current war was the or ganizer of a short wave radio pro gram directed to Holland from sta tion WRUL in Boston which made him known in his homeland as Uncle Hank The program subures to safeguard allied invasion EXPECT ALLIES TO TAKE STEPS AGAINST SPIES Claim Ireland Allows Axis Espionage of Invasion Preparations Washington meas U S Planes Lash Muenster and French Invasion Coast Three arms of the Red Cross ymbot were filled out for S10000 ach aud the 4th arm was well 11 the way as result of returns the Cerro Gordo county ward ml drive Saturday when the otal raised was announced as 32600 When Hie county reaches goal of 551500 the whole ymbol will be blacked out UGHEU GIVEN DEATH SENTENCE Former Vichy Minister Convicted of Treason Algiers Pucheu ormcr Vichy interior minister latinday was convicted of trea son and condemned to death by i special military tribunal alter he defendant in a last passionate declaration of innocence had cried out This is not a court of justice its a political coup The court after one hour of deliberation convicted Pucheu of treason malfeasance In office and collaboration with the enemy tic was found innocent of illegal arrests and conspiracy to over throw the 3rd republic Pucheu was not present when lire court brought in the verdict Earlier the court refused a defense motion for a general demurrer to the indictment Pucieu lias24f iloursin which to file an appeal His attorneys said they would decide Saturday afternoon whether to take an ap peal The court which found Pucheu guilty on all but 4 of the 14 counts in the indictment said there were no extenuating cir cumstances First bitter and then fervent Pucheu in his last words before the tribunal told special Prose cutor General Weiss his policies would lead France into the worst internal strife and con cluded passionately lQuoi quil arrive France Whatever long live The presiding judge Leon Vcrin then read the 14 counts in the indictment before the 5 judges retired at n in to consider the verdict Pucheu was led out Almost exactly an hour later nt oclock the court buzzer sounded and the Senegalese guards snapped rifles to atten tion while the judges filed in A slight gasp arose from the packed public area when Verin read the verdict A loud gasp filled the room when he cead the sentence in quiet almost inaud ible tones sequently was sponsored by the Free Netherlands government Van Loonauthor of The Story of Mankind known for his treatment of history as i sim ple story told in simple terms Me was n prolific writer of volumin ous tomes on a limitless variety of subjects Van Loon during the first World war wTas an Associated Press staff man first in Washing on and then as a foreign corre spondent He covered the evolution in Russia He was in Belgium in 1914 and spent the next 4 years covering the war in 3 different nations On May 8 1940 Van Loon was responsible for a notable news beat by the Associated Press an announcement 48 hours before tiie event that the German army was on the verge of invading the Netherlands ending the socalled phony war and beginning the campaign which resulted in col lapse of allied armies in western Europe All that day Van Loon had been in communication with Dutch au thorities and had offered hii estate at Old Greenwich ncai here as a refuge for Queen Wil hehnina and her family Late night he told friends at the Asso ciated Press of the situation At the time of his death from a heart attack Van Loon was writing a book A Report to St Peter an autobiography covering his life up to and including his 1st birthday The historians family reported iiat he arose Saturday apparently eeling well ate a hearty breakfast t which he thought up a couple f ideas for a new book and soon ftcr collapsed in bis bedroom He leaves besides his widow 2 ons Henry Bowditch Van Loon f Dorset Vt 2nd Lt Gerard Villein Van Loon of the U S rmy now overseas and a sister VIrsWillem Vandcrhilsj reported 6 if re f f ohi Ha g u e The funeral will be held Tcs lay Vive la happens PAINTINGS EXHIBITED Des Moines bj Don Glasse of Sioux City who painted murals for the fedcra court room in Cedar Rapids and by Mrs Glassell who was a pupi of the late Grant Wood are on exhibit at the Des Jloincs art cen ter this month Bombers Lash Railway Facilities in Florence GERMANS USED CULTURAL CITY Most Experienced Crews Avoid Artistic Centers Allied Headquarters Algiers bombers attacked Florence for the first time Satur day hitting at the important rail way center supplying the German front in Italy A headquarters statement de clared the allies had been reluct ant to attack Florence because of its artistic importance but there is no doubt however that the Germans have made deliberate use of our The statement said only the most experienced crews were used for the operation against the city 40 miles north of Rome and every possible precaution was taken to avoid damage to the city itself The first crewmen to return termed the attack successful The bombers hit crowded rail junctions Recent photographs had disclosed large groups of trains and cars there and these were well covered with bombs Florence is one of the richest cities culturally in Italy famous for its many churches art gal leries libraries and museums Allied bombers have struck be fore in the Florence area and heavy bombers early this week hit the freight yards at Certaldo 20 miles southwest of the city and rail installations at Pontassievo and Prato about 10 miles from Florence The Florence freight yards are a vitally important center ot ra communication serving the enemy front in ItaljV an air force state ment said Up to now we have imposed on ourselves the severe handicap o leaving them alone in order to avoid any responsibility ot dam age lo the unique art treasures o the city To this end we have had to at lack a number of objective around Florence in an attempt ti achieve the same end which an at tack on a single objective wouli have served We have no longe been able to accept this responsi bility the statement continued There is no doubt whatevc that in Florence as in Rome th Germans have made deliberat use of our obvious reluctance t risk incidental damage to artistic historic and religious objects the citiv preparations in Britain from axis espionage were expected Satur day to follow Prime Ministei De Valeras re f us ul of American re quest that Ire land oust Ger man and Japa nese diplomat accused of head ing a spy ring The need fo early and de cisive action to k e e p enem agents fron further enlarg DE VALEKA ing their know edge of allied plans for the seconc front assault on Europe was em phasized by an official statcmpn that because of spy activities basci on Ireland not only the success o the operations but the lives o thousands of united nations sol diers are at stake The American case wis se forth in a note made public b Secretary of State Hull Frida night in which DC Valcra wa urged to expel all axis diplomal and consular officials from hi country At the same time the Irish lega tioii here released tlielcxl of D Valeras rejily down th appeal DC Valcra claimed Ire lands counterspy methods wer effective and asserted that American lives would be los through any indifference or ncs led of its duty on the part his country He also made 2 other mai points That expulsion of Gcrma and Japanese officers would be Britain Fully Supports U S Request of Eire Lbridoif has lii formed Eire that it fully sup ported the United Stales re quest for the removal of German and Japanese diplomals and con sular representatives from Irc and it was disclosed Saturday The text of the correspondence disclosed that the British wish o emphasize the importance ivhich they attach fo this re In answer DC Valera merely sent the British Kovernmcnl a opy of Hie reply he had given the United States ounty Bar Backs Butler for Anticipated Judge Vacancy W P Butler Mason City attorney a republican will be the recom mended candidate of the Cerro Gordo County Bar association in the there is a vacancy on the district court bench to be filled by ppointment from Gov B B lickcnloopei Mr Butler received the ma oritjvote of the bar association it a meeting Saturday noon at vhich the names of Charles E and Stanley L Haynes ilso were presented The meeting vas closed except to members of he association and the balloting vns not revealed The action of the bar associa ion is entirely contingent on ac ion by the U S senate in ap proving the nomination of Judge X Graven Clear Lake for he V S district court bench of Northern Iowa it was empha sized by an association spokes nan A hearing by a subcommittee of the senate judiciary committee uis been called for March 15 to consider the nomination of Judge Graven to succeed Judge George ScottSioux City who resigned from the U S district bench The ubconiinittce must report to the full committee which in turn must report lo the senate where action must Ijc taken on the floor lo approve the presidents nom ination before it is final Air Butler was born in Appa nuusc county Jan 8 188J lie was radualcd from the University of Chicago law school in lie served as county attorney of Cerro Gordo county from 1020 to 1D2U and was president of the Cerro Gordo county bar association in r BUTLER lie was nominated by the re publican judicial convention in 138 but withdrew his candidacy am placed the namesof luifcc Graven and Judge T A Beard morc before the convention for nomination Judge Graven is a democrat Both the democratic and republi c a n conventions subsequently nominated the 2 incumbents 6 DIE IN BLAZE IN VIRGINIA HOTEL Many Receive Treatmen for Burns Suffered HENDRICK VAN LOON dies Evans Files Papers For Lieutenant Governor DCS Moiucs Senator K A Evans of Emerson filed with the secretary of slate Satur day as a candidate for the repub lican nomination for lieutenant governor Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Showers and coolei Saturday afternoon Rain chang ing to snow and colder Saturday night Sunday snow and much colder Lowest temperatures in Mason City 28 Sunday morning and 12 on Monday morning Iowa Cloudy with light rain or snow Saturday night and snow flurries Sunday Colder nortl and west portions Saturdaj night and much colder Sun day Wind 25 to 35 mph Minnesota Cold wave Saturdaj night and Sunday with temper atures falling to around zero extreme north ranging to 10 to 15 above south portion by Sun day morning Light snow with some blowing snow Salurda night becoming flrrics Wind 3C to 35 MPH Broadcast desired IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 18 Minimum Friday night 39 At 8 a m Saturday 39 Rain trace YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 15 Lowest March record in GG weather records 48 degree spread irst step toward going lo war with the axis which his country is determined not to do and that he lad received assurances from the jiiitcd States that it did not in tend invading Ireland Thus for the first time it was officially revealed how gravely he Dublin government hud viewed events of the past lew weeks dur ng which the world knew only that Ireland had been swept by waves of invasion jitters Several further measures ap peared to be open to the United States and Britain which had backed the American request to the limit All of them and possibly others are believed to be under consideration here nnd in Lon don They include 1 Closins and fully iiuanlini the border between Eire and northern Ireland as m emergency military measure 2 KrcakiiiK diplomatic relations with the Dublin government This appeared to be the most improb able step of all since it usually creates more problems than it solves 3 down on economic collaboration with Ireland The country is an integral port ot the British economic system and de pendent entirely on British and American shipping From the text of the 2 notes it was clear that the aim on both sides was a friendly solution of the difficulties which have jeo pardized Eires neutrality more directly than at any previous point in four and a half years of European war However the American note was equally clear in emphasizing thai something has to be done to insure secrecy for the most vital AngloAmerican military opera tion of the whole crosschannel invasion of Europe As things stand noxv the note said axis spies have a grandstand view of the allies most secret preparations because of the geo graphical location of Ireland BEACHHEAD IN GOOD SHAPE 17 Decorations Arc Awarded by Clark With The Sill Army Gen Mark W Clark just returned from an inspection trip to the 5th armys beachhead declared Satur day that things arc in good shape up there we have declared open season on tile boche and have killed many thousands of them Our men love it he said A ward ing 17 decorations to group of soldiers who have fought their way up the Italian peninsula from Salerno to Cnssino Gen Clark continued It is men like you who have midc it possible for the otb army to hold ils head high during these last months I assure you the 5th army is so inH places and men like you are going to lead it to the victory it deserves We have had a tough en emy and hellish terrain and in addition weather has been bad Among those receiving the Le gion of Merit was Sgt Charles E Blnzok fi F D 2 Chelsea Iowa Richmond Vat swcp through 2 floors of Richmond Icffcrson hotel shortly after mid 111 Friday killing Slate Sci Aubrey G Weaver and 4 un dentificd women guests and ai unidentified sailor from Cam Terry Nearly a score of patrons wer Hospitalized and others treated the scene for shock and smoke in Halation The hotel crowded with mem the Virginia generalas sembiy was a scene ot confusio as men and women rushed fron their rooms or called for hel hen flames enveloped the 51 and Cth floors Of undeterminc cause tile fire apparently bega in a linen closet Damage was coi fined to the li floors Weaver who was froi Front Hoyal Va and was a lca ing political figure in the state fo many years Two of the unidentified wome victims were found in a bathroom and apparently had drawn a tub of water in some attempt to pro tect themselves from tiic intense heat BOMBERS MAKE SAFE RETURN IN 2PRONGEDRAID But 4 Fighters Are Lost RAF Raids 4 Factories in France London flying ortresses hit Muenster in west rn Germany Saturday while lib rator bombers wore loosing hard at German military instal ations in the PasdoCalais re gion of the French coast head quarters announced The 2pronjcd American day ifjht attack was niLUte libstratosphere snowstorms vilhout the loss of a single bomb but 4 fighters were lost during he days operations The new blows followed up an IA I1 Lancaster night precision as ault on 4 factories in France Other forces of thim lerboll fighters also contributed o the daylight sweeps by straf iiK airdromes gun positions and jtlicr German military targets in occupied territory The bambcrs wereaccompanied their dual thrust by thunder jolt and mustang fighters The new American assaults on western Germany and the French const where Prime Minister Churchill said the Germans are readying rockels and robot planes were a resumption of their mara thon attacks following a oiicdav kill Tarjjcts f the nig hiriding AF were airplane factories at Chateauroux 150 miles smith of Paris and Cler monliirrand 100 miles south of Chatcauronx Ossun another of the night tar gets tics only 5 miles from Tarbes 40 miles from the Spanish border DRIVE GOES OVER E N Roberts chairman of the Red Cross drive in Clarksville has announced that CUirksvillc has exceeded its goal of with received up to the first of the week DIES OF BURNS Council Kluffs Pur sel 83 died Friday of burns suf fered when a stove exploded as he was lighting it in the house where he lived alone Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Tokyo Radio Gets Arithmetic Mixed Up San Francisco lesson in arithmetic from Tokyo radio The announcer said Three B24s and 5 fighters attempted to raid Buin Bougainville Thursday Our interceptors shot down 10 of them Drink Crazed Japanese Make Wild Charge Kill Selves By OLKN CLEMENTS IMomote Airdrome Los Ncsros Island cav alrymen sat at the top of a revetment At the bottom were heaped tiie discolored bodies of 350 Japanese It was one of the strangest slau goriest slaughters in the war 1 Drink crazed enemy soldiers some of them Nippons finest had dasbcd and crawled np the revet ment slopes shouting singing then killed themselves with their own grenades When it wns over the cavalry mens captain Frank G May field Stillwatcr Okln said simp ly We did our best1 Mayficlds men part of the fa mous 5th cavalry regiment had slopped Ibc last great charge of Japanese troops trying to regain Momotc airdrome on Los Ncgros island The nnorlhdox charge starlcd wilh a drinking bout and ended in military harakiri It was hard for these from Texas Arizona Georgia and other un derstand It was like a crazy dream It started at 2 a m Feb 3 Cavalrymen were spread oul on top of an airplane bunker They had fortified their position with coconut logs Beneath them in the jungle they could hear the Japanese get ting steamed up for the charge They could hear the sons of Nip pon drinking toasts of saki rice wine and beer Men like Pvt Harold Schmidt iDubuquc Iowa and many others of the force of 139 sal tense and ready Officers cautioned them against overanxiety When rain clouds swept in the Japanese started coming Those arnong them who could speak English were singing Deep In the Heart of Texas Then they charged madly Some of them wore the prized dragon belt Others were common soldiers with nothing to boost their spirits but the saki and beer American gunfire hit the Jap anese like an avalanche They piled up at the bottom of the rc vclment slope The live crawled over the dead only to die The crazed ycllinK continued Wave afler wave came on The slaugh ter continued Japanese officers in conspicu ous white uniforms dashed up and were killed or look their own lives One afler another by sword or by grenade the Japanese killed themselves And so it went until 9 a m Then it ended Weary dazed cav alrymen climbed down the re vetment Said their commanding officer Gen William C Chase Provi dence R 1 I was a trench cap tain in the lost war but this is the strangest thing Ive ever wit nessed Report Nazis Moved Capital to Breslau Naples but trustworthy reports said Saturday that allied bnmbers had forced the Germans to move their capital from Berlin to Breslau 175 miles to the southcasl The move from bomhluUcrcd Berlin began quietly several weeks URO and now most of the government functions arc carried out at the new Silcsian headquarters it was said and representing n round trip of norc than 1000 miles Factories also were Ilit at Lori camarie near Saint Elicnnc 75 miles south of Vichy These targets on the nemby northern French Coast have now been hammered by allied planes on iodays oiit of the last 3 months They first were hit early in Sep tember when allied armies and navies were staging u big inva sion rehearsal on the channel The American bombers thun dcred oul after only a days inter val in the campaign which has now taken them on a scorching tour of German targets including Berlin on HI of the last K an unprecedented streak of ac tivity for this theater of these were against Ger many iiscif Neither the targets on thcvconst nor in western Germany were specifically identified The American atlack on western Germany was the 2ml quick tlosc of bombs for that section of the reich the KAFs moscjnilocs hav ing made anolhcr of their incur sions Iherc during the night The air ministry said 3 aircraft factories and a small bearing fac tory in central and southern France were bit in a bombers moon operation in the continuing campaign lo knock oul Germanys aircraft production facilities The specific objectives were not named The nir ministry said air craft was lost It was the RAFs sizable mission this week and the 5th in a campaign in which 7 air plane1 plants and 2 big railroad centers have been bombed These railis arc capitalizing nil a period of bright nights which arc excellent for trinjiointinK tar KCls but which arc not KOOI for the concealment required for deep penetrations of the continent On the night before the 4en gincd Lancasrers hit an aircraft factory near Marseille in southern France American fighters again escorted the 4cngincd flying fortresses and liberators on Saturdays strikes First reports indicated that the Americans had taken advantage of thick clouds over western Ger many which apparently kept most of Hitlers fighter defenses I grounded ;