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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 11, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVE DtS M01KES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION liiiilf VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 11 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 131 5 DIE IN BLAZE ON GORWITH FARM Reds Near Vyazma Ward Off Nazis at Kharkov NAZIS POURING NEW TROOPS IN SOUTHERN LINE Russians Hammer to Within 12 Miles of Central Front Bastion MOSCOW UP Red armies hammered the Germans back to within 12 miles of their central front bastion of Vyazma Thursday while warding fierce new jabs by masses of axis tanks and ill fantry on the muddy plains south and west of Kharkov A soviet Ihrust to within strik ing distance of Vyazma from the east was disclosed in the Rus sian midday communiques announcement of the capture of Isakova only 12 miles away on the railroad from Kaluga The high command also reported new gains toward Vyazma from the northeast north and north west as well as advances south of Lake Ilmen on the northwestern front west of Kursk on the south Claims Million Germans Are Homeless and 4000 Plants Wrecked by RAF Offensive Sinclair Says 10000 Tons of Bombs Falling in Month on Nazis LONDON The RAFs ceaseless bombing offensive now showering German Europe with fire and explosives at the rale of more than 10000 tons a month has already wrecked more than 4000 German factories and left more than 1000000 Germans homeless Air Minister Sir Archi bald Sinclair told the house of commons Thursday Declaring that photographic reconnaissance showed that the raid on Essen home of the Krupp arsenals oti the night of March 56 probably was the heaviest blow struck at Ger man war Industry in the whole of the bomber offensive Sin clair disclosed that already 4 OOD tons of bombs have been dropped 011 the reich this month if The devastation at Essen he said was comparable only to that ern front and Caucasus in the northwest A front dispatch to the army caused at Cologne last May in the first of the RAFs 1000bomber raids Direct damage to steel works in organ Red Star said the German I the Ruhr and Saar he declared armies on the Kharkov esti had cut 1250000 tons from Ger mated at 25 divisions numbering manys annual steelmaking ca some 300000 troops were attack pacity ing the new soviet lines to the south and west with unabated vio lence probing for weak spots in Damage to the Phillips Radio Works at Eindhoven Holland cost the Germans the loss of mil arr attempt todrive through to lions of radio tubes annually a Kharkov itself Everywhere furious fighting fi raBine the dispatch said Possessing manyfold superior ity in panzers and infantry the Germans are hurling them into battle in an effort to crush our resistance at all cost Both the midday communique and front dispatches however said the Russians arrayed along the northern bank of the Donets after an 80mile retreat in the past three weekswere fivmly repulsing every attack and inflicting enor mous losses on the enemy In one large town south of Kharkov the communique said soviet troops encircled a battalion of German tommy gunners and a critical loss in modern warfare he added The 4000 of bombs dropped in the rising offensive in March compared with 10000 tons dropped in the short month of February greatest month yet for the RAF when 1000 tons of bombs were dropped on three different nights Promising even greater exer tions by the RAF Sinclair added direct answer to criticism of the United States army air forces day bombing policy The Americans are lion hearted skillful fighters he said Their methods are a complemen enemy The Wednesday midnight com munique told of the destruction of 35 German tanks and the slaying of 800 Germans in repulsing Ger man attacks south and west of Kharkov The Russian advances OH Vyazma last axis strong point in the extreme eastern portion of the crumbling German salient west of Moscow in the past 24 hours enveloped several towns east of the city a number of vil lages and hamlets to the north cast and more than towns to Ihe north and northwest Most important towns captured in addition to Isakova were Novo dugino 28 miles to the north oil the railroad to Rzhcv and Bely 70 miles to the northwest and only 20 miles from the Ninitinka rail head whose fall open the way for an southward Marshal Scmeon northwestern armies were credited with the capture of several addi tional towns in their drive toward Staraya Russa below Lake Ilmen The advance brought them as booty 15 guns 12 trench mortars 56 machine sun more than 1000 rifles 12000 shells and mines 1000 grenades 200000 rounds of ammunition 160 cases of gun powder and three radio transmit ters The enemy suffered heavy losses ill manpower the com munique said outflanking drive Timoshcnkos shall be pleased and the sooner the malignant power of Germany will be broken Sinclair in introducing an ai ministry appropriation bill als announced the creation of an RA1 transport command The new command is ex pected to be a counterpart of the United States transport command whose activities in building a roundtheworld air system have caused Krave con cern in Britain over the British postwar position in commercial air competition Sinclair who made the US CASUALTIES N TUNISIA ARE 2242 IN WEEK Stimson Says Losses on Both Sides Have Been Substantial WASHINGTON UR Amcri an casualties in Tunisia from eb 14 to period of the allied retreat and initial counter attack tolalled 2242 Secretary of War Henry L Slimson dis losed Thursdav These included 59 killed 176 wounded and 3007 missing Stimson said Of the missing most probably were taken pris oner by the enemy Stimson said in this period American losses ran heavier than those of the British and French Losses on both sides in Tunisia during the past month have been Reports French Trapped 250000 on Marerh Line By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Secretary of War Stimson said Thursday that fichtiiiK French troops had made contact with other French legions in a flankinsr movement around the southern end of the Mareth line in Tunisia thereby sealingthe trap on 250000 axis troops under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel Stimson said General Le Clercs fiffhline French columns who had driven more than 1200 miles across the desert from Lake Chad in the heart of equa torial Africa closed the rinjr around the axis by contacting General Henri Honore Girauds French forces substantial1 he said We prob ably have tared better than the enemy More than 1000 Germans and Italians were taken prisoner during the month and over 100 enemy tanks captured and de stroyed Allied forces in Tunisia have had much the better of the fight ing during the past week Highly mobile axis forces have been ex tremely active but the net result has been decidedly unfavorable to the axis During 10 days of sharp fighting allied forces were soon backed toward the Algerian border but subsequently re gained most of the lost ground These activities were followed by several sharp axis thrusts it anI northern Tunisia against the Brit ALLIED TROOPS SQUEEZE NEAR BASE AT GAFSA Germans Are Driven Off With Heavy Losses in Sedjenane Sector By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN SOUTH AFRICA P Detach ments from Col Gen Jurgen von Arnims northern Tunisian army ittacked allied lines in the Sed cnane sector three miles north east of Tamcra with divebornbei support Wednesday but were driven off with heavy losses mili MEMORIAL FOR THE the shadow of tablets representing the Ten Commandments and with a back ground of flags of nations where Jews have lived and died cantors intone a liturgical prayer at a memorial pageant in New York City for Jews martyred in Europe On platform is scene depicting postwar tribunal at which axis arc being judged The spectacle was witnessed by 3000 persons WIDE DISORDERS OCCUR IN FRANCE Protest to Germans Roundup of Labor By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The fighting French radio at Brazzaville said Thursday that Pierre Laval chief of government in the Vichy regime svas consid ering closing down all French uni versities so that students could be sent to Germany to work in nazi war industries Tiie broadcast was recorded by U S government monitors andi BRICKERML OFFER PROGRAM Will Present Plan at Midwest Farm Parley COLUMBUS Ohio pro gram to alleviate farm labor an machinery shortages will be prc sen ted by John W Bricker to chic executives of 11 mldwestern agr cultural states meeting at DCS Moiiics next Monday ary day quarters announced Thurs Allied trooiis continued to squeeze closer to the German base at Gafsa occupying the miniiiK center of iUctlaoui 22 miles southwest of that city it was disclosed Allied planes in bombing and machine gunning sweeps shot down eight axis aircraft and hit 13 more aground observers said In central Tunisia patrolling ipntinued and there was some ac tivity the communique said Heavy bombers attacked the en emy air fields at El Aouiua and La Marsa near Tunis in opera tions during which eight axis fighters were shot down B u in b s were seen to burst over both air fields the com munique said At El Aouina aircraft on the ground werehit and fires were left burning Medium bombers attacked Ger man installations at Gafsa and many hits were seen on the tar get it was announced Enemy vehicles troops and gun positions in the northern sector were attacked by allied fighters and other sweeps were made in the central area From all op erations one allied plane failed to return Thinks Heavy Tanks Will Disappear WASHINGTON lis not he size of the lank in the fight jut the size of the fight in the tank that counts So says Maj Gen Levin H Campbell who offered to bet Thursday that the GO ton heavy tanks would disappear from the battlefields before the end of the war Firepower not bulk is the lest of any tank he said The bluntspoken chief of ord nance asked about reports that the Americans in Tunisia had nothing to match the German Mark VI 62 ton monster tanks said the army had four mobile field guns that put shells through the German armor He added that American ord nance officers more than a year ago designed and built 00 ton tanks only to gisc them up when the armored force decided against them the fellow who had to fight in them and maybe die in them said he didnt want them They were too heavy they couldnt We are very prone said Campbell to get confused in our outlines as to what i tank is for There is no excuse for any tank except the firepower it can exert Its not how much track or engine or starters or storage batteries or hell with that Its the sun you can bring to hiw much fire power If we can get TXT and steel on the enemy in ffrcatcr volume than he can set them on us were going to lie success ful The heavy tanks developed in this country mounted large guns Campbell snid but tactical offi ceis decided that mounting the guns on lighterweight faster ve hicles was more effective than the lumbering monsters We knew about eight months ago that the Germans were about to spring a new heavy us lie added But we believe that our solution is better for mobile biggun power than the Germans have in this big tank KEROSENE USED IN STOVE CAUSE OF EXPLOSION Father Dies in Futile Effort to Rescue 4 Small Children C O H W I T Kelch who saved his wife and baby and then returned to his flaming home one mile north of Corwith in a futile effort to rescue four other chil dren who svcre asleep upstairs died Thursday afternoon at The dead Ed Kclch father Edward 8 Juiict 7 Donald 5 Arlcne A The flumes started from an ex plosion after Mr Kclch used kero sene to build a fire in Ihe stove downstairs at about oclock Thursday morning At that time Mrs Kelch and year old daughter Sandra were in a downstairs bedroom and the four other children were asleep in upstairs bedrooms According to statements hy Mrs Kclch to the neighbors the flames spread quickly in Hip kitchen and were swept toward the stairs leading to the second floor r Mr Kelch who was alone in the kitchen dashed into the down stairs bedroom and helped his wife and daughter to flee from the flames He then returned to the blazing home and tried to go to the second floor He found however that the in mass of flames and became ignited He B richer released by the office of war in formation Widespread disorders have been reported in France in re cent days as a result of protests against attempts to round up the 400000 workers Laval is said to have promised Germany A Moscow broadcast also re ported by the OWI quoted Geneva advices as saying the Germans had posted signs ottering rewards of 2000 to 5000 marks for infor mation leading to thu arrest of said the plan recom1 the Ohio war ngricul tural committee was based on sur veys by state and private agricul tural agencies It urges the federal government to Recognize agriculture as a war industry essential in securing priorities for equipment supplies and manpower release immedia tely farm machinery and equip ment and supplies now in factor ies branch houses and the hands of dealers so that it can be used FORCE BACK JAP RAIDERS 4 Nippon Planes Shot Down by U S Planes WASHINGTON lighter planes slapped back at Japanese aerial attack by ten dive bombers and 12 lighters in the Solomons the navy reported Thursday while in the north Pacific bombers hit hard at Japa nese positions on Kiska in the Aleutians One Japanese dise bomber and three zero fighter were planes down by American intercepted the ish Then Rommel threw his in fantry and armored forces in an assault against the British eighth army near Mcdcninc All were repulsed in both the north and south with the enemy sustain ing heavy losses in men and equipment nounccmcnt in introducing an air ministry appropriation bill also informed the country that more than 10 per cent of German air craft which in the last three months attempted weak reprisals for RAF bombings had been shot down Such a loss rate is gener ally considered almost prohibitive for an atfacking air force Sinclair said 46 ot 392 enemy planes which crossed the British coast in daylight during the last three months were definitely de stroyed Twentysix of 240 which crossed at night were knocked down The air minister said this wasi KANSAS CITY Join the Navy and Leam to Make Your Wife the Cutest Dress foreign workers who flee forced by in labor within Germany Have lle production board The lower reward siid the i immediately raise steel allotments j mi mMiiifictinp nf firm cnemv rnucrs who prosumab y hrnfiniTst wi nffovpfl fnr infni iue iiuiuuiiiLiui L oi uim t J oioiacnM oiicicti 101 m oi were enroutc lo attack Hcndcr rnation concerning the hiding j iuiiJiiiini 10 ai ILISI iu per ccni 01 places of refugees while the larger I liH furlough skilled sum was for persons who apprei farm workers in armed services liendcd and delivered refugees to the authorities Unintelligible Screams on Emergency Phone Bring Patrol Squad FORT WAYNE Ind po lice station switchboard operator hearing unintelligible screams on an incoming call dispatched a pa trol squad to investigate Mrs Jessie Hake met the officers at the door and explained that her baby had upset the telephone stand in advertently dialed police emer gency in trying to extricate itself from the wire and screamed nearly three times the rate of loss of British aircraft attacking Adolf Hitlers Europe From the beginning of battle of El Alamein in Esypt on Oct 22 to the end of February 1075 enemy aircraft have been cap lured in Egypt and Libya besides make your wife cutest dress The Berlin radio in a broad cast recorded Wednesday niht by the Associated Press in Lon don took occasion to deny for cisn reports about the disorders in France sayinjr they were maliciously issued by countries hostile to Ihe axis The same broadcast however confirmed reports that an attempt had been made on the life of the Pronazi Leader Marcel Deal The the i attempt the Berlin radio declared the took place Tuesday night in the town of Arbousc and said the uni son field on Solomons Guadalcanal in Uic tenor was a his clothes then ran fromthe house Mrs Kelch discovered that hewas ly burned and ran to get the fami ly car She overtook her husband whos clothes were afire as he apparently was running to a neighbors home for help T Mrs Kelch forced her husband to get into the car with her and the baby and went to the Mcr wtn Aitchensen home An am bulance was called from Britt to take Sir Kclch to the general hospital at Algona The baby was not badly burned and will recover Mrs Kclch re ceived burns on the leys but they were not of a serious nature Both tlie mother and the baby arc at the hospital in Algona The Kclch home was destroyed by the blaze V T Keighbors believed the fire started about oclock in the morning The bodies of Edward and Janet wcrc recovered by Coroner Keith Baltzar at but up to that time the bodies of Donald and Arlcne had not been found The farm home was a large two story structure A C Miller is owner of the farm Fire three years ago destroyed ihc home barn and stock of Mr Ketchs father George Kclch three miles east ol Corwith In that fire Albert who is a brother of Kd Kclch was badly burned unless they ave already in foreign service or specialized training bej Buy War Savings Bonds anil love May 1 so they will be avail Stamps from your GlobcGazcltc able for 1843 planting and harvest A signalman first class in Aus dcntificd assailant had fired at tralian water Stanley whole his wife he was Levitt Deal with a machine gun sending j Hyer FrOU 402 destroyed added combat he bloody murder of it all in the confusion Nazis Claim 13 Allied Ships Sunk by Subs By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS j A special German communique broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by The Associated Press declared Thursday thirteen heavily loaded allied ships totaling 73000 tons had been sunk by Uboats from a convoy enroutc from North America increasing to 3G number of vessels announced in the last 24 hours as destroyed There was no i allied confirmation skeptical admitted although she knew hed learned to rrii i run sewing machines as part of his Killed When L naval training j Then the suit arrived made over I fnllinp itl Avi7nna from navy blues VAJHlUe 111 rtllZUIld Look the length Is PHOENIX Ariz An avia Mrs Levitt exclaimed The waist lion trainee was killed and an fit is perfect And arent the pockarmy lieutenant seriously injured ets darling in a collision of two planes Wreckage was scattered over a scvensquareblock area a half mile north of Glendalc The public relation office at Thunderbird field reported Wed nesday Aviation Cadet Donald J P Morgan Continues to Show Improvement BOCA GRANDE Fla fP John Pierpont Morgan head of the world famous banking firm con tinued to show improvement Thursday from a heart ailment with which ho was stricken on his I the ground and was treated at John Harnack 22 son of Mr and Mrs John F Harnack Rcmsen Iowa was killed Second Lt D B Durmbaiigh believed lo be from a California field parachuted to JOHN W BRICKER Governor carrier boy Weather Report OMAHONEY PLAN IS DEFEATED Senate Begins Vote on Deferring of Farmers WASHINGTON sen ale rejected 48 lo 32 Thursday a proposal by Senator OMahoncy DWyo for the draft deferment of farm workers and apparently cleared the way for early passage of another measure directing the deferment of workers employed substantially full time on farms The OMahoncy hill sun ported largely by administration forces would have broadened provisions of the present law under which local draft boards arc directed to excuse essential agricultural workers from ser vice if no replacement he found 1 CHILDREN DIE It would have preserved how IN MICHIGAN BLAZE ever the socalled unit system11 SAGINAW four by which the amount of farm children perished Thursday in s MASON FORECAST CITY Much Thursday afternoon and Thurs day night lowest temperature Thursday night in Mason City 20 not much change in temper ature Friday forenoon IOWA Warmer in northeast little change in remainder of state Thursday night and Friday fore noon occasional light snow southeast and extreme cast por tions Thursday night MINNESOTA Not quite so cold work actually done is taken into account in determining whether deferment should be granted Rejection of this left before the senate a proposal offered by Sen ator Johnson DCoIo which would erase the unit system and liberalize the deferments for those engaged in producing of harvesting commodities held by the secretary ot agriculture to be essential to the war effort The list of such commodities is wide in ranee covering livestock and most of he food and fiber crops The unit system which would be junked under terms of the fire which destroyed their home at Merrill 15 miles west of here The parents Mr and Mrs John Quiroz received serious burns and lacerations Rudolph j Betty 4 Helena 2 and John Jr seven months died An overheatedstove caused the fire extreme southeast and extreme I Johnson measure sets up i na norlheast portions and colder remainder of Slate Thursday night and Friday forenoon Light snow southeast and cast central portions Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Max Wednesday 33 Min Wednesday night 15 At 8 a m Thursday 7 The low mark of 15 below Wednesday night set an all time WILL INCREASE COFFEE RATIONS One Pound for Every b Weeks Provided WASHINGTON ra tions will go back to one pound for The Johnson measure itself WHS I ivc wcck beginning March 22 tiomil standard of production per farmer tabulating a specific number of cows chickens acres of wheat and other commodities lo determine a unit proposed as a substitute for a bill by Senator Bankhcad DAla and others providing for the blanket deferment of farm work ers U is opposed by military leaders on the grounds that it would disrupt plans for an or low for March temperature in i clcrly increase in the size of the Mason City i armed forces Price Administrator Ircnliss increase Drown announced the Thursday saying hc I way here for a vacation hospital for serious injuries Buy War Savings Boid and I YEAR AGO Maximum Stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier hoy Minimum Snow 30 Trace news to lens of millions of Ameri can coffee drinkers is made pos sible by the improvement during the past fevweeks in the import situation The current ration is one pound j j a person for six The next 1 Buy War Savings Bonds and I coffee stamp Xj 20 in ration i Stamps from your GlohnGazcttc boo No 1 will be valid between i carrier hoy 1 March 22 and April 2i ;