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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 11, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES MOLNES I A VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PBZSS FUIX IBASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES All NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 11 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 129 AUSTRALIANS BLAST AT JAP CONVOY at Least 2 Nipponese Ships Batter 5 Others BRITISH OFFER TO BE TAKEN TO DIABYCRIPPS Churchill Repeats Promise of Dominion Status After War LONDON Minister repeated Wednesday promise of dominion Churchill Britains status for Imperiled India after the war and announced that his ranking aide Sir Stafford Cripps would go to India as an emissary to seek assur ance that a pre cise plan al re a d y drafted by London would gain gen era Indian ac ceptance The promise of Indian self gover n m e n t within the British com monwealth of nations after CRIPPS the war first maae in August 3940 so far has failed to mollify Indian nationalists But Churchill in a longawaited statement to the house of com mons disclosed that the govern ment in order to clothe these general declarations with preci sion and to convince all classes races and creeds in India of our sincere resolve had gone a step forward and agreed to a detailed He did not however disclose the exact nature of the conces sions by which his government hopes to win the loyalty of In dias 350000000 peoples for the defense of the rich subconti nent now threatened by the Jap anese advance in Burma and to the Indian ocean We should ill serve the com mon cause if we made a declara tion which would be rejected by essential elements in the Indian world and which would provoke fierce communal disputes at the moment when the enemy is at the gates of India he said Sir Stafford who has returned from the ambassadorship to Mos cow to become lord privy seal and who is known as a proponent of Indian selfgovernment has the task to procure in India the ne cessary measure of assent not only from the Hindu majority but also from those great minorities amongst which the Moslems are the most numerous and on many grounds preeminent Churchill announced We must remember that In dia has a great Dart to play in he world struggle for freedom and that her help must be ex tended in loyal comradeship to follow the Chinese people who have fought alone he declared Accordingly Sir Stafford will also confer with Sir Archibald P Wayell the British commander in India on the military situation Sir Stafford a member ofthe cabinet had volunteered for the task Churchill added and goes with the full confidence of the government Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Considerably colder Wednesday afternoon than Tuesday Somewhat colder Wednesday night Lower tem perature Wednesday night MINNESOTA Colder east and south portions Wednesday nigiit fresh to moderately strong winds southeast portion dimin ishing rapidly around sunset IOWA Considerably colder Wed nesday afternoon than Tuesday some light rain or snow in ex treme northeast portion early Wednesday afternoon some what colder Wednesday night Fresh to strong winds diminish ing rapidly early Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 53 Minimum Tuesday night 30 At 8 a m Wednesday 30 Snowfall trace YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 26 Precipitation 05 Snowfall 150 inches i Coonley of Hampton in Congress Race E Coonley of Hampton Wednesday announced his candidacy for congress in the new third congressional district at the coming republican primary The district is composed Cerro Gordo Worth Mitchell Floyd Howard Chiekasaw Franklin Butler Breraer Black Hawk Grundy Karelin Marshall and Tama counties Mr Coonleywill be a candidate for the place held by John W Gvvynne of Wat erloo Mr Coonley who in May 1941 publicly stated Isolationism and appeasement can never perpetuate our democracy as against an at tempt at world rule in an nouncing his candidacy says I am basing my candidacy on a platform which will have as its object the all out effort in winning the war and guaranteeing a per manent democratic form of gov ernment for our descendants This will cost money and sac rifice and extravagant waste and unnecessary expenditures cannot be tolerated and we must operate on a pay as we so basis m order to prevent consequent inflation Small industry must be protected We must bear in mind that drastic rehabilitation will be necessary after the war and we must prevent recurrence of the last depression I am strongly in favor of a farm program which will continue to help the farming business and which will adequately pay the farmer a lair return for his work and iinvestment All ihdustries prosper when thefarmer gets lair prices I am absolutely against pen sions for congressmen either in war time or peace time Mr Coonley who is married and has one son has lived all or his life in Hampton Franklin county where prior to commencing the practice of law he was engaged in the oil business and grocery ness He is serving his eighth year as county attorney of Franklin coun ty Iowa during which time he served for two years on the Legis lative Committee of the County Attorneys Association of Iowa and was elected vice president of theCounty Attorneys Association of Iowa in 1940 In 1937 he used the first blood test ever admitted as evidence in any court in the United States which blood test as evidence has since been sponsored and en dorsed by leading authorities and by the National Safety Council Iowa Safety Council Iowa Medical association National Medical society and the County Attorneys association of Iowa He is a member of the Iowa Farm Bureau and has served as attorney for the Franklin Rural Electric CoOperative for the past six years and is a member of the Methodist church JAMES E COONLEY VARGAS TAKES ON POWER FOR DECLARINGWAR Orders for Seizure of Axis Property Are Expected in 48 Hours RIO DE JANEIRO Brazil President Getulio Vargas issued a decree Wednesday giving himself the authority to declare a state of war or a state of emergency throughout the country in case foreign menace imminence o i internal d i s turbance or ex istence of a plan of con spiracy Promptly an s w e r i n g the torpedo ing of the fourth Brazil ian ship off the United S t a t es coast in three VARGAS weeks the decree cleared the way for imprisonment of axis subjects and seizure oE axis property Orders for seizure of axis prop erty were expected within 48 hours The decree issued as Brazil w a s experiencing increasing shipping losses as a result of axis submarine activity off the United States Atlantic coast de clared that from the time the use of the armed forces for the defense of the state becomes necessary the president Tvill declare a slate of war in all na tional territory or in part of it Any endangering of the coun trys institutions or the safety of its citizens or territory cient cause for the president to declare a state of emergency in the whole country or any part of it the decree provided All constitutional guarantees relating to the lite and property of citizens of foreign state which may have practiced acts of ag gression harmful to the Brazilian state would thereby be suspend ed the decree said At the same time the govern ment shipping lane Lloyd Bra sileiro announced that suspen sion of all sailings of Brazilian ships to the United States had been ordered by the government and such ships enroute to United States ports ordered re called home This followed upon the loss of four Brazilian ships totaling 22 231 tons by submarine attacks off the North American coast Brazils shipping losses in the World war led her to declare war against Germany It seemed likely the Brazilian government would decide to await the organization jf a convoy sys tem rather than continue to risk heavy losses to its unharmed mer chant marine BRAZILIAN1 ACTION COMMENDED BY WELLES WASHINGTON cling Secretary of State Welles com mended Wednesday Brazils recall of her ships to home ports and the issuance of an emergency de cree by President Getulio Vargas as wise and necessary measures in the face of new axis threats in the Atlantic CONVICT 60 FUB DEALERS ST PAUL than Minnesota fur dealers have been convicted o failure to keep proper records as provided under new state regulations ER Stark weather chief law enforcement officer of thegame and fish di vision announced Wednesday American Made Cars Trucks Mix With Traffic in Moscow Some of Autos Still Bear Paint Put On by United States Army By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW two en emy armies and a couple of oceans lie along the route home it is easy to get homesick over the honkhonk of an Americanmade truck I heard that memoryprovoking sound while walking through ma jestic red square trying to set my watch by a kremlin tower clock The echoed ovcro the icy it re called all those times youve tried to pass a ruck bearing the same kind of those times youve growled as the Same kind of truck blocked the way Now it sounded like a lullaby of home sweet home The byzantine Saint Basils ca thedral with its fantastic and fairylike domes made a strange background for the businesslike American truck but there it was truck of a huge type which was one of the increasing number of products from the United States beginning to be seen on the streets of the Russian capital Lots of automobiles made at home are commencing to mix with Moscows lively traffic in which long and sleek Russianmade cars often whiz by an oldfashioned horseflrawn sledge Some of these United States trucks and cars still bear the paint of the United States army They have been pressed into immedi ate service by the Soviets The appearance of American made supplies in Russia is bringing smiles to the faces of the American supply mission plus every other well wisher who has seen the red army in action Tuesday I was walking with a member of the mission We heard a plane overhead Look shouted the officer Look at that Thats an American bomber The plane droned across the sky and disappeared behind the horizon of Moscows turrets and domes You know the officer said I feel so fine about this stuff from home that I almost would not mind getting run over by one of these American cars MILLER MAKES RESTITUTION Pays State for Special r Printing of forGovernor Papers DES MOINES Sec retary State Earl G Miller paid the state in cash Wednesday for the special printing of Miller forgovernor nomination papers which the candidate said had been erroneously charged to the state do not wish the state to pay my printing bills Miller said That was merely a slipup in the printing department Miller explained that he wanted the union label on his nomination papers and that he had told State Printer L M Shaw to order the extra papers from the Moon Printing and Engraving company of Des Moines I have bought possibly 5250 worth of printing from Moon Miller added I surmised that the extra papers were taken care of along with the bill I had paid He is one of three candidates for the republican nomination for gov ernor Miller is one of the five mem bers of the state printing board The others are State Auditor C B Akers Attorney General John M Rankin Tom W Purccll of Hamp ton and Walter W Sharp of Bur lington Sharp Tuesday charged Miller had the papers printed at slate expense Answering Sharp Miller said he asked for nomination papers with the union label on them and the superintendent of print ing had some printed with the union label on and save me some The state is supposed to furnish nomination papers according to the code Miller continued The state furnished some but they did not have the union label onthem If any ottfer candidate wants some with the union label he will get the same kind of nomination papers I did Miller said he received 5000 of the nomination blanks and added that he paid S12 to have his name residence and the fact that he is a candidate for the republican nomination for governor printed on them Miller and Sharp also a re publican are both state printing board members and Sharp said he had obtained an agreement among the others to have a special meet ing called the first date all five can be present Sharp said he would ask Miller to tell the boar why he ordered 5000 blanks for himself when his office had been furnished with 120000 blanks to be given candi dates He exhibited an rapproved claim from the flies of the printing board and the canceled voucher Issued by the state comptroller showing that the Moon Engraving and Printing company Des Moines printed Millers 5000papers and billed the state for The claim showed they were ordered in Millers office Dec 7 1941 and were paid for by state comptrollers warrant 1941 he said Jan 10 Sharp also exhibited an order by the secretary of states office for 120000 blank nomination pa pers to be furnished candidates It was placed Oct 13 1941 with the Globe Publishing company Des Moines on a bid L M Shaw state superintend ent of printing said he approved payment of the Moon claim against the state So far as I know Shaw de clared the state did not pay for imprinting Millers name resi dence and nomination sought on the nomination papers for which we had a requisition from the secretary of states office Elliott Who Would Not Accept False Armistice Rumors Dies PALM SPRINGS Cal Jackson S Elliott who endeared himself to every Associated Press member for his calm refusal to accept as fact the false armistice rumors of Nov 7 1918 died in re tirement Tuesday He was 66 years old Monday Elliott as chief of the Asso ciated Press news department was bombarded in New York head quarters with pleas to follow a competing news agency and bul letin the armistice rumor Instead j he meticulously checked Washing ton London and Paris officials and news sources None could confirm the tale which sent mil lions into premature wild celebra tions Elliott despite the deluge of telegrams telephone calls and near hysteria reasoned that Ger man emissaries could not have ar rived at Marshal Fochs headquar ters TIRPITZ FLEES WHEN BRITISH PLANES ATTACK Nazi Battleship Lays Smokescreen Escapes to Norwegian Coast LONDON admiralty revealed Wednesday that British naval planes carried out a torpedo attack upon the huge nazi battle ship Tirpitz sister ship of the sunken Bismarck and forced the German warship to fall back to ward the Norwegian coast under a protective smoke screen Two British planes were lost in the attack which occurred Mon day and it was not possible to ob serve definitely the results of the air assault the admiralty said Efforts by British warships to contact the Tirpilz and enframe it in battle failed the communique revealed The action occurred off Norway the admiralty said and the at tack was launched when tho Tir pitz was observed by reconnais sance planes to have left her berth at Trondheim and to be pro ceeding north along the Norwe gian coast The action was the first com bat operation in which the Tirpitz is known to have been engaged The Dreadnaught is officially rated at tons but is be lieved like the illfated Bismarck to bfe considerably overweight possibly bulking as large as 50 000 tons The admiralty reported that whatever the result of the at tack on the Tirpitz the nazi warship had been prevented from attacking a British con voy The Tirpitz was observed re tiring after the attack started un der a heavy smoke screen The Dreadnaught appeared to be mak ing for the Norwegian shore the communique said There have been repeated ports that the Tirpitz had moved up to a the Norwegian coast Trondheim presumably preparation at for spring foraysj probably against the northern supply routes to Russia STIMSON VISITS CANAL ZONE Secretary of War Is Making Inspection of Vital Panama Area BALBOA C Z of War Henry L Stimson was here Wednesday on a personal in spection of this vital area already a trouble spot on his first trip outside th e United States since the war began Stimson who arrived by plane Tuesday with a protec tive escort of 12 pursuit craft was believed to b e concerned primarily about buttressing the canals defenses Although the safeguards of the canal have been growing steaflily stronger since last Dec T a simi lar mission brought Lieut Gen Henry Arnold chief of the air force here last month Stimsons visit had an unusual years ago as secre tary of war in President Tafts cabinet he also visited the Panama canal zone STIMSON Offensive to Require Full StrengthFR WASHINGTON Roosevelt informed congress Wednesday in a message analyz ng the first years operations of the lendlease program that the offensive the united nations must and will drive into the heart of the axis would take the entire strength that we possess The war can only be won by contact with the enemies and by attack upon them he as serted in a letter transmitting the lendlease report That takes time for the united na tions need more and still more equipment and transportation Success will come dearly at the price of defeats and losses Mr Roosevelt said lendlease was a prime mechanism through which the united nations were pooling their entire resources The report covering operations since the original lendlease law was signed a year ago Wednesday showed that the total value of aid was This aid includes not only mili tary items such as guns tanks and planes but also raw mate rials machinery food ships ex pansion of production facilities and services Defense articles actually trans ferred to nations allied with this country or listed among the united nations aggregated 51411000000 and articles awaiting transfer or use totaled The rest of the 52570000000 was made up of 5128000000 of articles in process of manufac ture in servicing and repair of ships in rental and charter of ships 5170000000 in production fa cilities in the United States and 54000000 in miscellaneous ex penses Had nations fighting aggression been strengthened and sustained their armed forces with weapons their factories with materials their people with food pur presently grave position might indeed be desperate the presi dent told congress But for the continued resistance of these steadfast peoples the full force of the enemy might be battering at our own ports and gateways He asserted that lendlease had provided expanded productive ca pacity for turning out weapons and articles of tvar and lessons of untold value through tests ot the weapons in combat ARRANGE MARCH 17 LOTTERY Drawings for Draft Will Be Started at 5 p m in Washington WASHINGTON Selective service officials Wednesday set S p m Central War Time as the hour for starting draft lottery which March 17 will deter mine the order ot liability for service of an estimated fl000000 men who registered Feb 16 Officials said that Secretary of War Stimson had been asked to draw the first capsule in the lot tery the third since enactment ot the selective senice law but the first since war was declared President Roosevelt who drew the first number in the first lottery will not attend the third drawing All the Feb 16 registrants men aged 20 to 44 inclusive who had not previously nov arc being assigned serial numbers Capsules bearing hcic numbers will be drawn in the lottery from a goldfish bowl and the order in which they arc drawn will determine the registrants or der number 3JJ Sr Navy Flyers Adrift 34 Days on Raft Describe Experi to alsht in the ad J was cooked like a Thank Accept the words of three United States navy flyers who were tossed sometimes the stormy south seas during 34 days adrift on a rubber raft there are times when one is tickled to death to see a shark Shark liver the meat of an albatross which chanced by a fish caught with a pocketknife a tern snatched by hand a float ing cocoanut These sustained the courageous trio as naked and baked by the sun they used shoes for oars to travel 1000 miles to the safety of an island after their land plane ran low on fuel and i ocean Jan 16 Wednesday they are recover ins in Pearl Dixon 42 of to MesaCal aviation chief machinists mate and pilot Gene Aldrich 24 of Sikeston Mo radioman and Anthony J Pastula 24 of Yonngstown Ohio aviation ordnanceman Let Dixon describe the day be fore they sighted land All our clothes were gone We had failed rapidly in physical and mental condition Id already lost three sets of skin from sunburn vas cooked like a Thanks giving turkey Our tempers were short I would get so mad r couldnt see when I would say something and the boys would sit and appear not to hear Things looked pretty sour but we agreed this was no time to give us We tried to sleep in huddles that night but part of the time we had to bail out the boat with our hands because the clothes used for a scoop had been ripped or washed away We hadnt slept at all only dozed Try sleeping on a mattress half your length with someone hitting it from beneath with a baseball bat every few sec onds and you get a rough idea of the beating and slapping the seas and fish gave us The next morning Aldrich al though a seaman by circumstance proved he remained a midwest emer at heart Chief I see a field of corn lie said weakly o Dixon Dixon thought he was out of his head Then the other two also saw the island with a cocoanut rrove A hurricane buffeted the intrepid three as they staggered over reefs so rough that the island natives had left them unguarded believ ing them unsuited for any landing parties That night the trio huddled in a mat shack they had found Every moment they feared the hurricane would blow it away The next day natives found them and fed them Ultimately a navy craft rescued them During their stormtossed jour ney they had been so in need of food that Dixon fought one shark with his fists Aldrich also tried the bareBonded method a shark nipped him The water situation also baffled them at first There was nences too much of it around them but none to drink They solved that problem by waiting for rain taking off their soaked garments and squeezing the contents into a small container Dixon who is partly deaf as a result of his experiences a pistol having been discharged too close to his ear during a companions justified eagerness to kill the al batross has two wishes One he wants to see his ranch at La Mesa Two he wants to go back to that South Sea island some time It was the most beautiful corn field ho ever hopes to sec CLAIM ARMADA MOVING NORTH TO NEW GUINEA Battle for Approaches to Australia Raging in Full Fury Reports Show By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Australian bombers struck smashing blows at Japanese war ships Wednesday and claimed to have sunk or damaged at least seven but unofficial reports said the enemys great invasionbent convoys continued moving toward their eventual bases in New Guinea It seems clear that the battle for the approaches to Australia was now raging in full fun Hitting their hardest bloivs of the war on the gathering Japa nese invasion armada Austra lian airmen were reported to have sunk at least two ships antt left five others beached battered and burned Three waves of RAAF bomb ers pounded the Japanese fleet Tuesday and the aerial counter blows were continuing Wednes day British dispatches from Can berra said Japanese invasion fleets were reported moving to ward Port Moresby on the south coast of New Guinea 300 miles from the Australian mainland Australian planes were said to be continuously attacking the enemy ships A bulletin from Royal Aus tralian Air Force headquarters said waves of Australian bomb ers inflicted iiavoc on Ihe Japa nese seaborne forces attacking a cruiser setting two ships afire leaving another large ship burning and scoring sev eral direct hits on a warship A scries of follow up atlacks recorded further hits and near misses the communique said When the aircraft left the lar get area from the final one ship was burned out and three others were on fire Two of them were sinking and one vas being beached the account said Other hits were believed to have raised the toll still higher In Tokio apparently unmask in Japans next move a govern ment spokesman warned Aus tralia to yield without a fight or suffer the same fate that has be fallen Singapore and Java On other fronts in the far Pa cific 1 With signs pointing toward an early Japanese attack on In dia Prime Minister Churchill in London held out to Indias 400 000000 a promise of dominion status in full as soon after the ivar as possible It was also announced that Sir Stafford Cripps Britains ener getic lord privy seal and govern ment spokesman in the house ot commons would go to India for consultation with leaders there who have been clamoring lor im mediate independence as the price for Indias support in the war 2 In the dying battle of Java a Domei dispatch said the Dutch commander LicutGcn Hcin Ter Poorten had ordered all Nether lands troops on the island to lay down their arms Imperial Tokio headquarters as serted that the Japanese had cap tured 93000 troops including 2000 commissioned officers in the In dies scaling down ot Topsdays claim ot 98000 taken in Java alone In Melbourne LieutGov Hu bertus J Van Mock uf the Dutch Indies said that about 3000 Aus tralian troops were probably still fighting in the mountain jungles cast and west of Bandoeng the Japaneseoccupied former military capital and that other defenders were battling in eastern Java Van Mook said allied forces car rying on the fight in unoccupied sectors of the 622miIelong island were under orders not to obey commands from authorities who had fallen into Japanese hands 3 In London authoritative quarters acknowledged that the strength of the main Japanese battle fleet had not been im paired by Japans farflung sweeps of conquest and declared that Japan could now be expected to lash out in three against Ceylon off the southern tip of India against Australia or farther cast toward the Fiji islands Japanese bombers attacked Port Moresby on the Gulf of Papua in southeastern New Guinea for the third day in sue ;