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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 10, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME QF DCS MOI tiES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION UliUt VOL un Associated Press and United Picas Full Leased Wires rive Cents i Copy MASON cmr IOWA MONDAY MARCH This Paper Consists of Two One No 128 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mtjon CUT Sunday m WTAD Hmncy 111 Mon p IB WOI Ames Tuesday WSVL Clly Thursday m The Personality of a Great University AN educational institution like the individual human being is possessed of a personality arid a soul This is the thought that kept coming to me one night not long ago hen I was privileged to sit in 4 program observing the 100th birthday of the State Uni versity of Iowa I was present in a dual alumnus and as member of the state board of education The observance started with a dinner in the large and beautiful lounge hall of the Iowa memorial union and a radio program origin ating in that setting a program designed to sum up Iowas past and portray the institution and campus life as it exists today Then followed in the Univer sitys outstanding campus theater a play written by a senior stu dent and produced by Doctor E C Mabie whose leadership in this field has brought worldwide re nown to the University of Iowa The play set in early day Iowa City and centering about the Uni versitys effort to be born was listed as a comedy It probably was that but in it was reflected a fidelity to the historical facts which are a University heritage MOST impressive to me was the fact that everything that went into that entire evenings program was specially produced for the occasion on the every spoken word every musical note Not one was borrowed In a very real sense therefore what we saw that night was the best fruit of a century of educa tional and cultural development on that campus grown from its original 10 acres of land surround ing Old Capitol to its present 425 acres I say that I was extremely proud of my alma mater only because I lack the language to express it more forcibly I N the development of this in dividual personality to which 1 have referred the university has pretty much grown up with and along side of the state which it has served In general the de velopment of the two has been parallel The state of didnt spring fullflowered to its present great ness That statement can be made with equal force with respect to the university It too had itsiium ble beginning and its subsequent growing pains It might be interesting to look back on those earlier days FOR the spiritual inception o the University of Iowa as well as other educational institutions in the middle west I suspect wec have to go clear back to the days just after the American Revolu the nations consti tution was adopted In the North west Ordinance of 1787 adopted by the Congress of the Confeder ation we find this sentence Religion morality and knowl edge being necessary to good gov eminent and the happiness o mankind schools and the mean of education shall forever be en couraged That lofty sentiment would have ended as that nothing more ex cept for the fact that it was sup plemented by generous grants o land from the public domain I was this supplemental fact tha has caused historians to refer tc the Ordinance of 1787 as per haps the most important piece o fundamental legislation ever mad for or by the American people I Truman Plans Address to Congress on Greek Issue NORTH IOWA HOME OF SUFFRAGE Carrie Chapman Catt 88 who died in New Rochelle N Y Sunday once lived in this house located 5 miles south of Charles City It was in this house that her wedding to Roy Chapman was performed m 1885 A bronze marker was placed here in 1938 honoring the international leader from North t Mrs Carrie Chapman Catt Will Be Buried in New York AND what has it to do with th University of Iowa Just this When Iowa achieved territoria status in 1838 Gov Robert Luca urged that congress be memorial ized for an appropriation to erec a penitentiary And as an after thought it seems an appropria tion of land for literary purpose equal to the grant previously mad to the territory of Wisconsin Under date of July 20 1840 congress acted on the request b authorizing a grant of a quantit of land not exceeding Z entir townships for the use and suppor of a university within the sai territory when it becomes a state And for no other use or purpose whatsoever the authority added The grant became effective with Iowas admission to statehood in 1846 Theres a most interesting story about how the land was subse quently disposed of at a price which averaged something less than an acre but my time lim its preclude its telling Suffice it to say that the receipts meager though they were constituted the difference between having and not having a university PROVISION for a state univer sity was written info the states proposed constitution On 2 occasions voters rejected state hood but in 1846 when that ques tion was decided in the affirma CONTDJCED ON PAGE Champion of Womens Rights and Former North lowan Dies at 88 New Rochelle Carrie Chapman Catt 88 inter nationally known suffragist who tarted her career in Mason City and Charles City will be buried n Woodlawn cemetery in New York City following private fu neral services Tuesday afternoon at her home here Mrs Catt died Sunday of heart disease at her home in New Rochelle N Y only 2 days after she had told her biographer Mary ray Peck that she hoped to live o see the United Nations become a going concern The crusader for world peace and womens rights was born in Ripon Wis Jan 9 1859 After graduation from Iowa State col ege she obtained a position in a aw office in Charles City where she read law preparatory to en ering the University of Iowa But n 1881 she accepted the position of principal of the Mason City high school and in 1883 became superintendent of schools in Ma son City She resigned her supenntenden cy in 1884 and on Feb 12 1885 was married to Leo Chapman edi or of the Mason City Republican at the residence of her parents near Charles City She worked with her husband until his health failed and they sold the newspa per and moved to San Francisco He died in 1886 The Iowa suffrage association invited her as a delegate to its state convention after she led an independent canvass of Mason City to petition the state legislature to grant municipal suffrage to Iowa women A widow at the age of 27 she went to work on a San Francisco commercial paper In 1887 she re turned to Iowa made her first suffrage speech at Marshalltown and started out as organizer for the Iowa Woman Suffrage asso ciation She never ceased to work for womens rights thereafter From 1900 to 1904 she was president ol the National American Woman Suffrage association succeeding Susan B Anthony She became president again in 1915 and con tinued in that position until the end of the campaign to obtain the vote for American women in 1920 In 1919 she founded the National League of Women Voters to hell women vote intelligently anc served as its honorary president until her death Her interests turning to the cause of peace Mrs Catt became a member of the womans commit tee of the Council of National De fense and then founded the Na tional Committee on the Cause ant Cure of War Mrs Catt was married to George William Catt a civil engineer in Seattle in 1890 He died in 1905 She is survived by 2 nephews Clarence Lane of Riverside Cal and Warren Lane of Charles City Iowa A lifelong champion of her sex and of international sine the 1920s Mrs Catt retained he interest in both fields until he death Miss Peck said that only Satur day Mrs Catt was engaged in pre paring a collection of photograph of the womens rights movcmen usan B Anthony memorial at ilochester N Y In recent years women leaders rom all over the world made pil to the New Rochelle ome wheje Mrs Catt had lived ince 1928 With the coming of United Nations to this country irtually all of the U N women ttaches came to see her Last Jan 9 on her last birth ay Mrs Catt was honored at a inner of the American Associa ion for the United Nations of which she was honorary vice pres dent Mrs Catt was a board mem jer when it was founded in 1923 under the old name of the League f Nations Association At the dinner she expressed the wish that tht United Nations would make a perfect success She called for international dis armament saying The one cause of war these lays and the cause of most of the wars that have taken place for lundreds of years is the rivalry nd competition of armies On her 85th birthday Mrs Catt old the Womens Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace that American women should build an organization of 5000000 members o work for permanent peace at he end of World war II The group was successor to the na ional committee on the Cause and Cure of War which Mrs Catt or ganized 20 years earlier which she planned to give th Read The United States Army Message Today on Page 4 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday with occasional rain or snow No de cided change in temperature lowest Monday night about 30 Iowa Cloudy occasional light rain or snow in west and extreme north central portion Monday night and west and central por tions Tuesday A little warmer east portion Monday night and in extreme west portion Tues day Low Monday night 25 east to 31 west High Tuesday 3842 Minnesota Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with occa sional light rain or snow Warm er east and north central por tions Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at I oclock Monday morning Maximum 34 Minimum 24 At 8 a m Monday 28 YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 8 GlobeGazette weather statistic for 24 hour period ending at J oclock Sunday morning Maximum 31 Minimum 27 At 8 a m Sunday 28 Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 26 Minimum 3 CARRIE CHAPMAN CATT Lilienthal Is Approved by Senate Body Washington The senate atomic energy committee Monday voted 8 to 1 for confirmation of 3avid E Lilienthal as chairman of the atomic energy commission That committee also approved the nominations of W W Waymack L L Strauss Dr Robert Bacher and Sumner T Pike as members of the commission and Carroll Vilson as general manager Senator Bricker ROhio cast the only vote against Lilienthal Sis dnio colleague Senator Taft chairman of the republican policy committee already had declared against the former chairman of the Tennessee valley authority Senator Connally DTexas and Vandenberg who were attending a white house confer ence voted by proxy AH the names now go to the sen ate floor for consideration Connally recorded only on the Lilienthal nomination Chair man Hickenlooper RIowa said the Texas senator explained he did not know enough about the other nominees to cast a vote on them Bacher Strauss and Waymack were approved by a vote of 8 to 0 with Connally abstaining Richard Opens Door Loses to Gunman Des Molnes J Morgan owner of a dairy store had locked the door and was counting the days receipts when a man pounded on the front door Let me in I want to buy a bot tle of milk the man yelled Morgan shook his head Oh come on Richard please open that door the man urged Morgan smiling opened the door He found himself confronted with a revolver The stranger es caped with Fortythree per cent of male city dwellers have completed at least one year of high school 21 per cent of the men on farms have done so MOLOTOV PUTS CHINA PROBLEM IN BIG 4 CONFAB Immediate Decision on Information Exchange Blocked by Marshall Moscow jP Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov unexpectedly in jected the political situation in China into the opening session of the foreign ministers council Mon day asking that the United States Britain and Russia exchange in formation on conditions there An immediate decision was blocked by Secretary of State Marshall who said he wanted to think over the request overnight Molotov asserted the situation in China had not improved since December 1945 At that time the foreign min isters of the United States Britain and Russia agreed on the need for a unified strong China and the United States and Russia agreed to remove their troops from China as soon as possible There had been no previous in dication that Russia wished to talk about China at the current session which was called to take up the German and Austrian sit uations but the foreign ministers frequently run the gamut in their meetings This is the first foreign ministers session attended by Marshall as secretary of state Mondays session in the hall oi soviet aviation 2 miles from the snowmantled Kremlin lasted about an hour anil ahalf Secretary of State Marshall gave a new push Monday to the Uhitec States proposal for a 4power al liance against Germany but he was assured the support of only Britains Ernest Bevin as the for eign ministers council met in snowrnantled Moscow to consider peace treaties for Germany and Austria The ministers opened the mo mentous session with little cere mony as a snowstorm swirled over this capital of the Russias Foreign Minister Georges Bidaul of France was reported to be ten tatively agreeing to support the 4power pact sponsored by the United States only if it was par of a broad pattern to keep Ger many impotent He insisted tha the other parts must include politi cal separation of the Ruhr from Germany a central governmen and a low level of industrial pro duction Marshall told correspondents he was going to press for the German disarmament and demilitarization treaty originally proposed bj James P Byrnes his predecessor Bevin is known to favor thi Byrnes plan strongly Marshall disclosed that he hai stressed the importance of the pac in his stopover at Paris but Frencl sources said France would be abl to agree to the proposal only or the conditions mentioned The secretary of state declinei to speculate on the length of th Moscow meeting Authoritative in ormants said however that Mar shall was prepared to stay here a long as necessary to make tea the first 2 o 3 weeks prove progress Is possible In his first news conference i the Russian capital Marshall als reaffirmed his stand on the Pots dam agreement as the basic polic for Germany Meeting triepress at the Moskv hotel the secretary disclosed tha he had indicated to French cf Soviet Censorship Is Lifted New York censorship has been lifted completely for ews of the foreign ministers conference and transmission of dis atches from Moscow Monday was much more rapid than usual Some cables were arriving from Moscow a little more than 40 minutes after being filed and the average transmission time was tout an hour and a half The ban on American radio broadcasts from Moscow also was fted and the first broadcasts in more than 5 months were made by merican radio representatives Sunday These broadcasts were the rst uncensored broadcasts in Soviet history Court Ruling Gives Foremen Jnions Bargaining Rights High Tribunal Gives Verdict on Appeal by Packard Motor ficials during his stay in Par the importance of a treaty t render Germany helpless for least 40 years He declined to say in answer a question whether French Foi eign Minister Georges Bidaul whom he saw for 45 minutes Mon day morning and British Foreig Secretary Ernest Bevin whom I saw Sunday had promised the support Both Bidault and Bevin visite Marshall at Spasso house home I the U S ambassador Washington supreme ourt ruled Monday that employ rs must bargain with foremens nions The ruling was made on an ap eal by the Packard Motor corn any of Detroit from a national abor relations board decision The ompany contended foremen were ot employes within the meaning f the Wagner labor relations act Justice Jackson delivered the ourts 54 decision Justice Douglas wrote a dissent which Chief Justice Vinson and ustice Burton concurred Justice Frankfurter also dis ented from the majority although ot concurring entirely in the lews Douglas expressed for the ninority The question of whether fore men have the same status as other mployes under the fair labor tandards act is one that has long aeen an issue in industry Among the new labor laws cur jently being discussed in congress are proposals to exempt foremen rom the law The NLRB act guarantees work ers the right to organize and bar gain collectively with their em jloyers Mondays ruling was the su preme courts first ott the issue he labor board has deferred de isions on other foremens cases pending this decision The ruling was the courts in erpretation of the intent of con gress on the question when il iassed the Wagner labor relations act in 1935 4 High Bench lyes Quick Mine Ruling Washington supreme ourt Monday took under consid ration a request by the justice epartrnent that it put into effect mmediately its ruling in the John Lewis contempt case Lewis and the United Mine Corkers filed a petition opposing ic governments move to speed P normal procedure Court attaches said the justices may announce their decision on governments request later Monday or per haps later in the week The contempt case decision was given last Thursday The court up held contempt convictions o f Lewis and the UMW for disre garding a U S district court order against last falls coal SPARE STAMP IS GOOD FOR SUGAR 10 More Pounds Will Be Allowed April I Washington office o emporary controls announcec Monday that spare stamp No II n OPA family ration books wil aecome good April 1 for 10 pounds of sugar Validation of the 10pound stamp will mark CtPAs change over from the 5pound ration pro cedure for household users Th current stamp No 53 good for 5 pounds will expire March 31 Stamp No 11 will be gooc through September 30 but OPA said a 2nd stamp good for 1 pounds will be validated July providing sugar imports meet ex pectations OPA officials said it is possibl that still another 10 pounds bring ing the years total for householc users to 35 may be made avail able Sept 30 OPA emphasized that new stamps being validated includ sugar for both regular home an canning use No separate stamp will be issued for canning Las year household users got 1 pounds of sugar for regular us and 10 for home canning Punishment Fits Crime Allentown Pa Infanti 27 stole a halfdolla from a March df Dimes donatio box but later contributed 1 the fund by order of Magistra Robert R Williams Infantis pun ishment included a separate fine Secretary Patterson Orders Better Chow for US Soldiers Washington of War Robert P Patterson has or dered better chow for the army High morale among troops is one of the greatest factors neces sary in order to win battles Pat terson said in an order to all troop commanders It is equally important to maintain high morale in the peacetime army in order to ac complish the present war depart ment mission and be ready for an unforseen national emergency that might arise Patterson ordered that food must be prepared in a palatable and appetizing form and in such a manner that it is nutritious He said this required close su pervision over food procurement inspection transportation stor age handling distribution and preparation He ordered each commander in the army to select and assign qualified officers and enlisted per sonnel to do the job The changes were based on the recommendations of the Hen nessey food committee which made a blistering attack on poor army food in a report to Patter son last year The order provides for higher grades and ratings for food handling men including cooks and mess stewards Higher qualifi cations are set down for cooks Provisions are made for keep ing food service personnel in their jobs and not shifting them about to other duties Officers will be designated a food service supervisors u through the rank of lieutenan colonel They will develop im provements in food service an eliminate food waste These officers and men will b trained in special army schools fo their duties The order sets u a table of organization providin for plenty of cooks and steward for every outfit LEWIS trike It sustained a fine gainst Lewis and reduced from 13500000 to one against he union The high tribunal directed that he original amount of the fine against the union should be reim losed unless Lewis withdrew a otice to the government that the union was terminating its contract o mine coal Lewis was ordered to withdraw he termination order within five days after the high courts man date was returned to the district court Ordinarily it requires about 25 days for the mandate court decision to reach the lower court Since the miners are under in structions from Lewis to work only until March 31 Attorney General Clark filed with the court last week a motion to make the man date effective immediately PRESIDENT TO AIR SITUATION ON WEDNESDAY Reports of Conference Indicate Request for Loan Washington Tru man will address congress Wednes day on the whole question of the Greek crisis and the critical situ ation in the Mediterranean area Announcements of Mr Tru mans decision to go before a joint session at 1 p m that day were made by Senator Vandenberg R Mich and the white house after an hour and 20 minute conference of the president and congres sional leaders From others it was learned that Mr Truman will ask for a 000000 direct loan to Greece These persons among those who talked with Mr Truman said they expected the president in his address to 1 Explain frankly to congress and the people the necessity of bolstering the tottering govern ment of King George 2 Discuss the possibility that some military supplies may have to be transferred from surplus stocks in Germany to outfit the Greek army in its clashes with communisttrained guerrillas Mr Truman was represented as having told the 13 memBfers of the house and senate who met with him that unless the United States acts quickly the Greek government may fall and communist elements seize control of that strategic Med iterranean country The president was said to have emphasized that in any action this country takes it will be serving primarily the objective of world peace and American selfinterest Vandenberg head of the senate foreign relations committee told reporters that Mr Truman would speak in behalf of the proposed Greek loan Charles G Ross the presidents press secretary said the not as yet require about 20 minutes to deliver It likely will be broadcast over all radio networks Ross would not elaborate on this brief announcement The president is going before a joint session at 1 p m Wednes day He will address the joint ses sion on the situation in the Near VOTING DRAGS IN MASON CITY Only 505 Ballots Cast During Morning at Polls Voting was dragging somewhat in the school election in Mason City Monday with 505 votes cast at p m as compared with 546 votes a year ago at the same hour In 1946 there were 6 candidates seeking 3 directorships This year Dr George M Crabb and Curtis Amen the incumbents are unopposed for the 2 directors posts no others having been nom inated Principal interest conse quently centers about the bond Issue to finance new lights for Roosevelt baseball field and stadium The polls close at 7 p m Voting machines are being used The polling places and the vote by wards at administration building 101 basement 145 3rdCity hall basement 172 R Chevrolet garage 87 Ross said the session between Mr Truman and the congressional leaders of both parties was de voted to an outline of the Near East situation and to an inter change of views The president has discussed with us in great candor the situa tion involved in connection with the proposed Greek loan He will come to congress at noon Wednesday to a joint session of the house and senate to discuss the whole situation A figure of has been discussed as the amount Greece needs from the United States in view of Britains de cision that it cannot go through with commitments it has made to King Georges government at Athens Vandenberg declined to elabo rate on this brief oral statement Senator Connally of Texas ranking democratic member of the senate foreign relations committee said that the session was a har monious one Total 505 Unsuccessful Attempt Made to Kill Roxas Manila unsuccessful attempt to assassinate President Manuel Roxas was made Monday night when a hand grenade ex ploded in front of a platform from which he had just addressed a mass meeting at the Plaza Miran da in the heart of Manila Roxas was returning to his seat and Carlos P Romulo was about to congratulate him when the grenade exploded The blast occurred behind a photographer who was taking a picture The photographer was in jured Roxas was not hurt in any way His speech was a final plea for the approval of a parity rights amendment in a plebiscite Tues day SAME Whit Ur no trfflo to put 2i honr Simple Multiplication People of the middle ages avoid ed learning the entire multiplica tion table by developing a simple method of multiplying on their fingers a system that is still used in some parts of the world ;