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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 10, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THI NEWSPAPER THAT Associated press ana United Press Full Leased wires MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 10 1945 REPULSE NAZI DRIVE AT BRIDGEHEAD INSIDE WASHINGTON Japs May End Before Years Close Central Press Capital Staff of Amer icas tremendous success in the Pacific the plans for knocking out Japan undoubtedly are in for some changes in the direction of end ing the war with the Nips a lot BULLETIN sooner than most expected London Konstantin K Bokossovskys army Satur Some quarters in Washington Captured Lauenburff last biff Germanheld transport hub in north now definitely believe that there tOW 18 miles west is a very good chance that the T j r r Pacific war may end this year London forces apparently have won some The change in the picture is streets m Altdamm the eastbank suburb ofStettin and rrmv believed to be the reason for the have gained a foothold on the west side of the Harold Stassen Hal luatuiv u sey himself made it plain that the es reported baturday Jap fleet at present is powerless Stettin itself was under artil to cope with the American forces Iery fire e first time and The air war against Japan in the Russians also were lobbing creasing daily in intensity is ex shells into the defenses of Danzis pected to be stepped up tremen Mhere the ar started in 1939 dously when theYanks take over Iwo Jima The powerful B29s will then have io fly only 750 miles to Tokyo instead of the 1500 miles from the Marianas II looks like the Japs are really m for a good taste of American tense artillery1 and mortar fire rockets and robot bombs and the Russians appeared to have The Army Air Force has or won some streets in this suburban acred lare quantities of robot town of Stettin AP Corresponcl bombs for test firing The Ger ent Eddy Gilmore in Moscow re maii robot Vl has been recou ported structed and newer models per The Navy also hopes to spend acher lake fif 1rday a coal operators move nearly 400 million dollars within some places on the western bank i verV possibly prevent the next 4 months for the manu under heavy artillerv tire from tamS a strike vote among the guns firing from the eastern back March 28 facture of rockets and rocket am munition Use of rockets proved very sue cessful in recent invasions of Jap Eussian roops by German ac count Saturday were pouring re held territory in the Pacific The war food administration did not like it when the changed the wording of a recent i VffA release about food WPA Boss Marvin Jones issued a state merit praisifTg foScrpfaauctionand calling tor another record crop year If we have big crops Jones said we wont have big food shortages Here is houp Janes statement left the route to the press by OWI which distributes all war agency publicity releases There ore bound to be short ages of some food from time to time as there are now just as there are shortages of other com modities for civilians OWE made the release read thil said haid oV way Civilians may continue to from all accounts appeared to be expect food shortages from time to time as a result of increased military requirements WFA felt that the change tended to emphasize a food scarcity which Jones had not intended to do Washington residents are more hopeful now than ever before that they finally will be permitted to vote for president vice president and congressmen a joint reso lution for a amend ment enfranchising the capital is j V V jnK war ouiieun said Zhukovs expected to be approved by the northern wing gained 3 to 5 mile full House judiciary committee Friday on a rough 30mile arc feast soon Chinas good earth has Stettin capturing Muehlenbeck come to her rescue the com 3 miles southeast of Altdamrr ne re gateway city to the big nS cently that Chinese crops in 1944 stronghold at the mouth of the inrrpasprf 9J rni ui UIL 24 per cent over those Oder of the year before meanwhile wants packers to furnish t with rom e ammscher 90 million cases of canned vege Sea to Stettin South of the Baltic tables this year or an increase ot citadel the Germans said nazi 10 The Fish and Wildlife Service has thought up a nice surprise for miles upstream coyotes in the form of a new scent The 2nd White Russian army which is inexpressively repugnant driving forward between Ruegen to humans but irresistible lo the vralde on the Baltic Pomeranian coyotes the service says that coast and Rhcinfcld 8 miles south one whiff of this perfume and west of Danzig and 15 miles south inarauding coyotes are led directof Gdynia captured Stolp kev communications hob Moscow said 4000 Germans were slain in Stolp Berlin said that 5 or 6 Rus sian armies were participating in j the attack on surrounded Danzi I The Berlin radio said violent fighting was raging inside Kue ly into traps Roy Everist 5th to File I for Mayor Roy Everist operator of the farmers exchange in Mason City filed as an independent candidate for mayor of Mason City shortly before the deadline at 12 oclock Saturday noon The law requires that the filing be done at least 15 days before the election Everist is the 5th candidate lo file for mayor for the municipal election on March 26 The others are Howard Bruce Associated Cit izens ticket candidate Jake Douglas democratic nomi nee Hugh M Gilmore independent candidate Miller independent Bring Baltic Port of Stettin Under Artillery RmsiansJight Altdamm U S Troops Roll Over Rhine by Thousands Report More Crossings Altdamm is 3 miles east of Stettin on the east side of the Oder Dammscher lake is the la goonlike water miles wide and 10 miles long northeast of Stettin through which the Oder finds its way to the sea Altdamm was subjected to iu Soviet sforrri units which have on Stolzenhagen Frauendorf and Zuelenow iuforcements across the Oder river on both sides of embattled Kue strin and Moscow said other red army units had plunged tothe outskirts of both Stettin and Dan zig The Faris radio early Sator SSJ5 columns orivfngr oiTDanziir into the city and street fighting was underway Enemy broadcasts declared Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs 1st White Russian army was consoli dating its west bank Oder river bridgehead in the frontal assault on Berlin although thrown back from Seelow 25 miles from the German capital after penetrating to that town Thursday The Russian drive from strin Oder fortress which Berlin at least the initial stages of a grand scale offensive into the heart of the reich despite the fact that the Russian high command for the 3rd successive day shroud ed the action in military secrecy The regular soviet communique announced red army forces had rolled within 5 miles of Hie docks of Stettin great Baltic port for Berlin and had struck to within 9 miles of Danzig city in the area where scores of thousands of nazi roons are trapped The war bulletin said Zhukovs North of Stettin Moscow said TT ccminiue ivonn 01 Mettin Moscow said United States canners are called Russian troops took Wolfshorst on to produce more the Army only a mile from the narrow chan wants a leading from the Dammscher year troops had Greifen hagen on the Oders east bank 11 Luke B candidate Buy your War Bonds and sumps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy strin after a through from Russian break FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness Saturday night becoming cloudy Sunday Lowest temperature ex pected Saturday nieht 25 little change in Fridays high 59 at Burlington IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 44 24 25 21 13 COALOPERATOR MOVES TO STOP MINERS STRIKE Owner Petitions War Labor Relations Board to Dismiss Lewis Request Washington Mine Workers President John L Lewis was caught completely ott guard Lewis old foe President Ed ward K Burke of the Southern Coal Producers association peti tioned the national labor relations board FriBay night to dismiss Lewis request for a strike vote under the SmithCohnally anti1 strike law Under the law labor union otfi required to notify the government bf the existence of anylabor dispute threatens seriously to interrupt tion The law tlien provides that 30 days later if the dispute is not settled the NLRB shall take a secret ballot of the employes in volved to see if they favor going on strike Burke in thefirst such move by an employer since the law was passed denied that a legal dis pute was in existence when Lewis filed his strike notice Feb 26 He reminded the ffLRB that the Present wage contract does not ex pire until March 31 that collective bargaining for a new agreement is now in progress and asserted that therefore no labor dispute ex isted within he meaning of the The law does not say just what constitutes a labor dispute threat ening war production and Burke said he would carry the case to the courts to force a test of the strike voteprovision Such a course would mean in evitable delay The i court might possibly issue an injunction pro hibiting NLRB from calling a strike vote pending decisions of March 31 deadline Lewis is anybodys guess Actually he might profit by such action fulfilled his duty under the law the existence of a dispute NIP RESISTANCE DIMINISHES ON BEACHESOFIWO Climax of 20Day Old Battle Appears Near Enemy Fights Fiercely By FRANK TREMAINE illc jjuucimuni uiiage ai ne Guam resistance wagen was under nazi shellfire 1 IlVrt iclilllrl inrl in ln A till t rlpClMl P 1 Vinvnicin rr GIIHTS ATTACK Flames Creep Close to Imperial Palace By ELMONT 1VAITE 21st Bomber Command Guam hellish sea ot fire Je Vi touched off by the GREATEST the issue That probably would RAID EVER MADE BY SUPFR Heart of Tokyo Sea of Flames After Great Superfortress Raid MORE THAN Forces Fighting in Mindanao Port of Tokyo Saturday and eddied up Just where that would leave to the Imperial palace wounds attricr ie A tin It looked like the whole damn town was burning said one air uj ICULIIJ tuvvij was Qurnjng said one air since the law does not expressly man returning Saturday moraine forbid strikes in privately oper from the first mass nighttime ated plants and Lewis will have raid on Ihe enemy capital VlIU rllldr More than 300 in poured on the by halting a process which was itself originally intended to pre vent strikes The SmUhConnally act says he strike vote shall be taken in order that employes may have an opportunity to express themselvesr free from restraint or coercion as to whether they will permit such interruptions in wartime The idea was that they were supposed to vote no There is no indication yet the north The whether Lewis intends to call a assaults against the strike even if a strike vote is taken city the nazis said were intpnrfort and the minerc ZMU were intended theminers say aye That to knock out that vital fortress hangs largely on whether the oetore a fullscale drive on Berlin union and operators reach any agreement in their wage negotia VI agreement in tneir wage negotia WPafnfV ons now in Progress The union V V CaUltU IVepOrt customarily takes the position that PnupnAcrr l Wl11 not work without a con tract PRISONER WRITES and Mrs John Lo men received a letter from Mer r i len receivea a letter from Mer v bcSommf cloudv ritt Neal a Prison camp in Ger nl htnd Sunday with many where he has been for 2 He said m part that he had h YEAKEL NAJIED MAYOR Yeakel has been appointed mayor of Ka nawha to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of E H Nelson Willard Duer will succeed Mr Yeakel as a member of the town council carried a greater load than on any of the li prcccd bombing 0aturday that American of the enemys capital forces were fighting in Saturdays raid devastating as 2nf PDrt it was can be irinl dan0 after landing on t which devastated 210 city blocks ally a sea of flame Power re ported after 2 hours over Tokyo It was the greatest show ori earth A Japanese communique as serted tires broke out at the Im 1 rial palace but were put out be fore 3 a m Previously Tokyo radio said flames reached the em perors stables The communique claimed al fires were under con trol by 8 a m General Power told Maj Gen Curtis Lcmay commander of the 21st bomber command that one block area was engulfed by flames Only 2 of the hugre bombers were lost to enemy action in the raid the 20th air force said The Tokyo radio claimed 15 B29s were downed and 50 damaged An estimated 1030000 Japanese lived in the target area The B20s dropped an estimated 1300 tons of bomb an highly inflam mable congested central Tokyo where targets were railroad sta tions small factories not suffic iently valuable for precision bombing and industrial workers homes The greatest preceding land based aerial bombing in the Pa cific fired 240 Tokyo city blocks as 200 Superfortresses dropped their loads Feb 25 Total tonnase of that raid probably was little more than half of Saturdays rec ord for which every Suwcrfort it was can be tripled in strength if necessary however Brig Gen Lauris Norstad chief of staff of the 20th airforce Wash ington said fleets of 1000 or more Superforts will be put over the Japanese homeland if that is necessary to win the Tokyo radio reported fires stilt were burning many hours after the raid begun at midnight Tokyo time Power said the area turned into a veritable inferno was far larger than the 10 square miles originally planned Possibly 15 square miles were fired he said The target area was approximately 4 miles his own plane and re mained over Tokyo to observe re sults He told ground crewmen at the takeoff he would return at 10 a m He reported in at be greeted exultantly by both Lc may and Xorslad The general checked each fresh blossom of flame by dotting with a red pencil a chart he held in his lap He handed it to Lcmay The chart literally was streaked with extended beyond the originally plotted 10 square mile sector TUG WILSON BIG 10 CZAR SrOKTS BULLETIN Chicago faculty repre sentative committee of the Big 10 Saturday unanimously appointed Kenneth L Tug Wilson North western university athletic di rector as conference athletic com missioner to succeed the late Maj John L Griffith who died sud denly last Dec 7 ON WAY HOME Moscow United States military mission said Friday that 1200 U S officers and enlisted men liberated by the red army from German prison camps had Itlt Odessa enroute home A uuacnus spill 2 pockets that American invasion west tip of the island Thursday An enemy broadcast said the U S assault troops have been oeration said By JAMES M LONG Paris S troops rolling by thousands over the Khine bridge at Kemagen flungr back a tanksupported nazi counterattack Saturday and Berlin declared Americans also were crossing the river by on Iwo island appeared to be di boats 4 or 5 miles downstream and had entered Honnef A front dispatch said German reinforcements were racing up against the U S 1st armys bridge head 50 square miles in size for a showdown battle A Berlin broadcast said Ameri cans in storm were cross ing the Rhine near Honnef at the northern end of the bridgehead Honnef is 5 miles north of Re magen on a super highway lead ing to the Ruhr Upstream near the west bank U S 3rd army tanks struck lo within 2 miles of Coblenz and a trap tighlenedon 20000 Germans northwest ot the city The Ludendorft bridge at but despite increasing resistance rtiinishing Saturday as 3 U S ma LtGen Courtney H Hodges rine divisions closed in on the mcr broadened their crossRhine trapped enemy garrison pinned foothold and held firm in the against the sea along the rocky highlands east ot the river northern beaches U S 91h air force planes kept Fleet headquarters announced that the marines were smashing ahead relentlessly in the face of desperate sniper fire from Japa nese troops clinginc tenaciously to prepared stronepoints The ma rines continued their attack Sat urday and by noon had widened their hold on the northeast beaches It appeared that the end of or ganized Japanese resistance and the climax of the 20dayold campaign was near but the enemy was fwaging a battle to the deatlr against superior American forces The 3rd division smashed to the northeastern beaches Friday afternoon The attack continued on Saturday against sistance very stiff re The 4tli division on the eastern coast facing the toughest Japa nese positions in the northward drive wiped out 5B4 Japanese troops Thursday night in repuls ing largescale enemy attempts to infiltrate U S lines Heavy mortar and sniper fire supported the desperate break Ihrough attempt but the 4th ma rines hurled the enemy back and pushed on relentlessly The general advance continued Friday Gains of several hundred yards were marked up as the 3rd division pushed to the northeast beaches splitting the Japanese A vicious hail of small arms Zambo fire was thrown against the ma on Min rines as they pressed forward ig on the south against the Japanese doggedly holding out in pillboxes and steep crevices Heavy artillery fire plastered i cu ncavy ariiiiery iire plastered mnr S 1I1Ce the Japanese positions before the ahbiff Infantry attack Army fighters Battleships and cruisers flying from the southern Iwo air w pombardment from field joined carricr planes in pro uoiuu IJtcl LJI Zamboanga Tokyo the enemy A small group w inivx junicu ivtiimji pianes in approximately viding close support for the troops iwprf invasion and fleet units continued to shell of Japanese Planes approached Iwo early Fri Grim fighting is now raging in that area the broadcast added The enemy reports still were not confirmed Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique Saturday reported only that heavy medium and tighter bombers raided Zamboanga for the 2nd successive day Wednes day A total of 107 tons of bombs were showered on Japanese per sonnel areas fuel and supply dumps at Zamboanga causing ex plosions and numerous fires the communique said Mitchell medium bombers at the same time swept over the Sulu archipelago stretching from Zamboanga to Borneo to raid Sanga Sanga airdrome on Tawit awi island 33 miles from Labian point on the northeastern tip of Borneo The Tokyo broadcast said the fleet supporting the invasion of Mindanao 2nd largest and south ernmost of the Philippines con sisted of 2 battleships 3 cruisers and some 20 destroyers Tokyo Friday had said the ar mada comprised 77 ships and at that time listed 3 battleships and 4 cruisers GERMAN STAR DIES tendon nazi ncxvs agency DNB said Saturday that the German film actress Dorothea Wicck who once won a personal compliment from Adolf Hitler was killed in the recent allied air raid on Dresden She was known to American film audiences for her role in the German picture Maedchcn in Uniform Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGarcttc carricr boy day but retired without attack ing the communique said Meanwhile other U S planes continued to strike at Chichi island in the Bonins north of Iwo The island was hit both Thursday and and on the Fala out Thursday and Friday Buy your War Bonds and vigil over the bridgehead and bat tered rail and road communica tions east of the Rhine Allied armies were massed along a 150mile stretch of the Rhine and U S 9th army 240rom iruns hurled shells at long range into he Ruhr factories The Krupp plant at Essen was ivithin their range The German radio said Honnef had changed hands more than once The Americans who crossed by boat were tryingto linkwith other forces hitting down the river bank it added V Berlin reported stiff fighting continuing in the southern end of the bridgehead especially east and north of Linz upstream from Remagen and said the first army was held without gains there It declared the bridgehead as a whole had been sealed off firmly A front dispatch said several hundred Germans buttressed by armor were halted in a thrust against the Rhine bridgehead 5 miles deep and 10 or more wide The buildup of the 1st armys wedge over spreading highlands across the river from Remagen continued overnight with hun dreds of tons of supplies hurried across the shellthreatened Luden dorf bridge along with thousands more troops German convoys desperate v using headlights in night travel converged on the bridgehead and a major perhaps decisive battle impended But the initial German counter lashes had failed and so massive was U S power rolling over the bridge that a front correspondent declared Germans already have lost the race The 3rd armys 4th armored di vision seized Ruebenach on a main road 2 miles northwest of tottering Coblenz a city of 80000 population Farther northwest the 3rd and 1st armies had linked at the Rhine and were tightening a trap on 20 flOD or more nazis the survivors of S or 6 divisions holed up In the Eifcl mountains northwest of Co Meni Bonn city of 101000 on the island was hit both Thursday and len1 onn cy o 000 on the Friday in support of the Iwo miles southeast of erations Oolognc was in 1st army hands On the north flank British Ca Friday and attacks on Kusaie and the R Poe in wlath ot 5 miles Ponape in the eastern Carolines lastern Carolines and depth of 3 ius were carried Veen and 3 other towns id Friday Germans fought desperately in stubborn withdrawal back upon bridges still usable at Wesel Allied armies now held the DUJ iuur i u n u s aua armies now nelO the Stamps from your GlobeGazette whole Rhine bank for 150 miles paiTlCr TinV I fVrinri inrf 1invtli Appeoring 3 times a week in the GlobeGazette Watch for it from just north of Coblenz into 1 Holland save for the Wcsel bend The Germans stepped up artil Icry fire trying to knock out Ltidcndotf bridge seized a few minutes before the Germans could wreck it and made 4 more abor tive bombing raids Friday Only a tew days before the 9th armored diMsipn captured the bridge allied bombers had tried to wreck it In prevent the Germans from es caping across it The 1st army took 3000 prison ers Friday and the 3rd armys bag was estimated at 6500 or more German demolitions sent the budge at Bonn tumbling into the Rhine just before the university city was captured South of Re magcn the enemy blew all bridges as far up the river as Coblenz The junction of the 1st and 3rd armies was made between Co blenz and Remagen at Brohl and Andernach The 3rd armys 10th armored division gained slowly but stead ily in a drive down the Moselle northeast ol Trier and ;