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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 9, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION CITY jLOBEbAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Ccnls a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 1953 w m ym m This Iiiper Consists Tsvo One 4 i t i ftu rf v rM i8 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor One Reason Editors Are Unpopular once in a while somebody wanting to compliment me will ask How come you never got into politics My stock answer to that usedto be To tell you the truth Id rather CRITICIZE the governor than BE the governor In recent years however Ive changed to this An editor whos worth his salt couldnt be elected dogcatcher Within my lifetime one editor Warren G was elected President He was by common consent about the poorest excuse of a Chief Executive America ever had But a fact not so com monly known is that he was a lousy editor too He wasnt worth his salt The reason for this phenomenon of which I speak here isnt hard to find It boils down to this Over a period of years the editor who isnt afraid of his own shadow has at one time or another made just about everybody around him mad with one of his lustily expressed What People Remember And immediately you observe Yes but by the same token hes made a lot of them glad by tally ing with their opinions And that brings up aninteresting little psychological fact People remember the things that make them mad much longer than they do those that make them glad Well thats my premise in this visit with you Now let me turn to a few of my views present and past which havent proved con ducive to any personal popularity And well start with that hardy perennial to color or not to color our oleomargarine More than once and quite re cently Ive expressed the convic tion that there should be no puni tive lax or other restraints on margarine IF IT IS MARKETED ON ITS MERITS AND FOR WHAT ITIS By the same token I do not want anybody either buying or eating margarine UNDER THE MIS TAKEN NOTION THAT IT IS BUTTER That has caused me to take a dim view of the proposal to permit the manufacturers butter sub stitutes to color their products1 yel low They have just one reason for wanting to do so Thats SO IT WILL LOOK LIKE BUTTER If Its a Good Product ii This means that somewhere along the line around the table in the home if not over the counter people are supposed to mistake margarine for butter Margarine makers contend and I dont argue the point with them that they are turning out a good product comparable with butter in taste and in nutritional value when properly fortified That Ive contended is all the more reason why they should be insistent oh selling it on its own merits rather than disguising it as something that it is not Ive put this question to them Why didnt you select for your product a color as distinguishing for it as yellow is for butter and thus create a legitimate market Did you ever hear anybody turning down strawberry preserves because they arent yellow The task coping with the pub lics traditional preference for a yellow spread Ive always felt would have been no more difficult than poaching on the dairymans domain has proved Not Conducive to Popularity These things Ive said because they were my editorial convictions I havent asked Which view on this question would be most popular If I had done this Id most assuredly have ended up on the other side of the fence The margarine manufacturer is motivated in this controversy by his wish to sell more of his product and make bigger profits The housewifes interest is in avoiding the task of adding the coloring in her own home She isnt interested in the ethics of the matter she just wants her yellow ole Margarine makers in their ob jections to my position point out that soybean growers are probably more numerous in the midwest than dairy farmers And that may well be true So it looks very much as if in the longrun Ive identified myself with a losing battle If that be true Ill at least have the satis faction of going down with my CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Malenkov Promises Peace Dulles Secretary Pins Hope on Reds Loss of Prestige UNITED NATIONS N S Secretary of State Dulles said Monday the death of Stalin had in creased the worlds chance for peace Dulles in his first news conference at the UNsince secretary of state said Stalins death however would not bring any changes in U S policy He said the U S would continue to course it has in the cold war b u t that with Stalin dead that course would have more Court Rules Bogus Type Not Legal WASHINGTON WVThe Supreme Court split 6 to 3 Monday in ruling that union printers who set bogus type for newspapers do not violate the TaftHartley Labor Law By the same vote the high tri bunal also held the mere demand by union musicians to play un wanted theater music does not break the law The music was not played But bogus type is set under agreements with publishers to dup licate i advertising matter received in matrix form The type is proof read corrected but then simply thrown a way Justice Burton wrote the major in each case Justice Clark dissented in each and was joinedby Chief Justice Vinson The cases turned on the inter pretation of a TaftHartley Act sec tion which says It shall be an unfair labor prac tice for a labor organization to cause or attempt to cause an em ployer to payor deliver or agree to pay or deliver any money or other thing of value in the nature of an exaction for services which are not performed or not to be performed Possible Change in Ikes Resolution WASHINGTON Taft R Ohio said Monday Congress may try to solve the impasse on an antienslavement resolution by dropping all references to agree ments made withRussia by Demo craticPresidents Instead the Senate floor leader told newsmen a substitute resolu tion may be drafted which wouldjall condemn Russia for enslaving peo ples Taft spoke with newsmen after he and congressional leaders met at the White House with President Eisenhower He did not report Ei senhowers views on the matter but said a new approach to the resolution was discussed SAME Black menris dcmlh lit S hours chance of success Not Enough Prestige He told a group of correspon dents countries from all over the world that Stalin had puta damper on mans aspirations for peace and the enjoyment of human rights and said he doubttd any successor to the Red dictator would have the prestige to do so as effectively Dulles said the death of Stalin had removed a very serious pb stacle to the realization of the peaceful aims set forth in the UN charter and those countries sup porting those aims could now achieve isuccess and greater reali zation of UN aims These views are given in response to questions For 10 years the world has been dominated by the malignant power of Stalin He capitalized on the prestige which was won by the Red army defenders of Stalingrad and when the Red armies moved into Eastern Europe Stalin used them to establish his ComTnunist satellite regimes In Asia Stalins plans laid 25 years ago achieved a dramatic success through the Communist Civil War w h i c h brought 450 million Chinese under Stalins sway New Era Begins Now Stalin is dead He cannot bequcathe to anyone his prestige As Stalin dies Gen Eisenhow er the man who liberated Western Europe has become President Jf our great Republic with a pres tige unmatched in history A new era begins one in which the guid ing spirit is liberty not enslave ment and when human relations will be those of fraternity not one man domination Then in the words of our charter preamble the nations large and small may come to enjoy equal rights and dignity and peace Dulles touched onforeign policy over the world in rapid fire or der he Announced he would leave in May for a journey to the Near East and South Asia Can Do Little Said he believed relations be tween Moscow and Peiping would be determined independently by those two countries and there was little the US could do to influence them Said a Big Four meeting with Russias new foreign minister V M Molotov deserves thought but wryly commented he had had ex perience dealing with Molotov be fore Said the US was doing what it could to mitigate the difficulties in Burma caused bythe presence of Chinese Nationalist troops in that country ROADSIDE BULLETIN IN familiar shaving cream advertising technique is this row Glconstructed signs somewhere in Korea that tells of Stalm s passing A lone soldier takes in the message which states a typical GI reaction to the news of the world Com munist leaders death The signs read Joes they one Jess Red Allied Guns Break Silence SEOUL Korea UP Allied big guns cut with a tre mendous barrage on the eastern front Monday shattering a five minute silence ordered by Red leaders in honor of Josef Sfalin Exactly at 6 pm or noon Moscow time when Stalin was being interred in a Red Square mausoleum UN mortars tanks and artillery blasted Red posi tions with a pulverizing barrage The hail of shells forced the mourning Communists to scurry deep into their holes A spokesman for one division said the barrage was not neces sarily launched to break up the Red mourning but was a pre caution against any enemy monkey business X STALIN STILL DOMINATES body ol Soviet Premier Josef the dominating positionin this picture received Monday by radio from Berlin where it was published in the official Russian paper of Germany The caption described it as persons of the Communist Party and government at Stalins bier in the Hall of Columns in Moscow Georgi M Malenkov Stalins successor as premier is at the right AHies Move to Tighten Blockade AP Wlrephoto STRAIGHT new jet fighter from the Red Rippers squadron in Korea its tre mendous power by climbing straight up over the rugged showcovered terrain of North Korea Settlement in Great Western Rail Walnut WASHINGTON WVA st r i k e which had tied up the Chicago and Great Western Railway since Jan 25 resulting inlayoffs for most of its 6000 employes was settled Sun day night the government an nounced Chairman Francis A ONeill of the National Railway Mediation Board said an agreement was reached atter prolonged weekend negotiations 1500 Miles The Chicago and Great Western has some 1500 miles of rightof way connecting cities in Illinois Iowa Missouri Minnesota and Ne braska Primarily involved was the Switchmens Union of North Amer ica While ONeill did not an nounce terms of the settlement it was learned from other sources that the carrier had agreed to re instate three employes discharged in September 1351 but not with Ml back pay j The parties were also said to have compromised differences over working practices and the amount of premiumpay lo be given men who work a sixth day in any week or who couple air hoses between cars Discharged Two The board also has been trying lo settle a dispute between the car rier and another union the Rail road Yardmasters of America over the discharge of two yard masters It was reported that at least one of these men will be reinstated The status of the other could not be learned immediately Seek Help in Effort BULLETIN WASHINGTON UP Sen Joseph R McCarthy RWis said Monday 96 merchant ships which the US holds mort gages have traded behind the Iron Curtain in China and Europe since the Korean war started WASHINGTON W The United States and Britain Monday planned to seek prompt help of other free lalions in lightening an economic blockageagainst ocean shipments of waruseful goods to Communist China The first move informants said will be taken through a secret inter national group which has head quarters in Paris and which is con cerned with preventing the flow of strategic goods into Communist countriesMembers of this group are American and European na tions and Japan Its existence is known unofficially but its opcra ions are secret Political Talks British Foreign Secretary Eden and Secretary of State Dulles wind ing up a round of political and eco nomic talks here Saturday an nounced new steps primarily by Britain to disrupt maritime ship ments of strategic goods to the Chi nese Reds This effort goes far beyond the long established program of the Allied countries and cooperating friendly nations to cut off war goods from the whole Communist bloc A communique issued Saturday quoted Eden as promising the Brit ish would set up a new licensing system for ships registered in the United Kingdom and the colonies to prevent such ships from carrying io Red China strategic materials from nonBritish countries The ex port of materials of this kind from Britain has long beenbanned Russian Ships Eden also told Dulles the British government has decided lo make certain that no Russian ships or ships of any other nationality car rying strategic cargoes to China should be refueled or supplied in a British port That means that strategically lo cated fueling stations like Gibral tar Suez Aden Singapore and Hong Kong will be closed to Red China shipping High Noon Best Film NEW YORK Noon has been voted the best motion picture of 1952 by movie critics in Ihe 30lh annual poll conducted by The Film Daily a trade publication The publication announced Sunday night that 2G2 of 334 critics participating in the poll voted for High Noon a western drama The film dailys 10 best pictures list contained these other movies in the order in which they placed The Quiet Man The Greatest Show on Earth The African Queen Ivanhoe Back Little Sheba The Lavender Hill Mob Singin7 In The Rain With A Song In My Heart and Five Fingers Doctor Tells Saving Lives Minds of Korean Fighters LOS ANGELES psychiatry and the arm ored vest have proved vital aids in reducing casualties ii Korea toa ilevelapproaching the absolute1minimum say Maj Gen Silas B Hays Hays the Arjnys deputysurgeo general also credited improved medical techniques as the use of blood extenders which worklikeplasma infight ing shock ZVi Ptr Cent Die Among Americans wounded in Korea only about 2Vfc per cent die Hays told Sundays opening ses sion at the alumni convention of the College of Medical Evangelists an institution operated by the Sev enth Day Advenlist Church During World War II about per cent oC the wounded suc cumbed against 8 per cent in World War I Statisticson the effectiveness of the vests are incomplete but Hays said he had heard reports of only one fatality i in nine wounded1 among those wearing vests and added When the figures arc in we expect the ratio tto be about 1 in G perhaps 1 in 7 Of all casualties sent home from Korea those suffering psychoneu rotic breakdowns account for only 4 per cent compared with 22 to 23 per cent invalided home after such breakdowns during World War II he said Far Lets The number of breakdowns pro portionately is about the same for all three War I World War U and Korea but we have been able to do much belter in the field in Korea and the num ber sent home is far less than be fore STILL IN HOSPITAL STORM LAKE St John 57 Sioux City still was hos pitalized here Monday with injur ies received in the wreck of an Il linois Central freight train last Thursday in Election Voting was comparatively heavj in the Mason City school electio Monday with 632 voles cast by pm as compared with 516 at th same hour last year and 503 in 1951 The polls close at 7 pm Four candidates arc seeking thi two posts on Ihe board of director of the Mason City Independen School District They are Curti Amen and Leslie G Hawkins in umbents and Dr R 0 Master and Dan Swickard There arc only four polling place in Mason City and voting machine are being used They are locatcc as follows 2 p m vote in paren First Ward School Adminislra tion Building second ward Courthouse third ward Citj Hall council chamber fourt ward R garage rAII About The Weather Mason City Increasing cloudincs and milder 28 to 30l Monday night lov Iowa Mostly cloudy with occa sional light rain Monday nigh and Tuesday GlobeGazette weather data up I 8 am Monday 33 25 Maximum Minimum At 8 am Ammo Investigation Probable Demos Fight Korean Probe WASHINGTON congres sional investigation into reported ammunition shortages appeared likey Monday to be expanded lo take in other phases of the war in Koreaibut not the whole war Democratic senators made il plain Ihey will fight anyeffort to expose what they regard as mili tary secrets to public view in a broad scale inquiry such as that suggested by Sen Tail And Sen Khowland California chairman ofthe Republican Policy Committee in the Senate said Sun day it would not be profitable at this time to have a general investi gation of the Korean War His statement broughtto light a differencebetween two of the lop GOP figures in the Senate Taft is Republican floor leader We1 shouldconcentrate on am munition Knowland said and not expose our hand with a general Senators Sparkman DAla and Green deplored in separate interviews any possible effort by Congress lo influence military de cisions or as they putit to run thewar Taft said he thinks it might be well for the lawmakers to investi gate not only the ammunition sit the Senale Armed Serv ices Committee already is but also the circumstances rounding truce talks and the ban dling of Communist prisoners Chairman Saltonstall RMass said the Armed Services Commi tee will after a sessio Tuesday on a dispute over ammu nition supplies whether to go int other phases of the Korean con flict The committee has suriimone Gen James A Van Fleet retire commander of the Eighth Arm for a facetoface session then wit Gen J Lawlon Collins Army chie of staff Secretary of Defense son and Secretary lot theXnri Stevens But Commie Leader to Stay Strong Stalin Is Buried in Lenins Tosnb MOSCOW the bier of oscph Stalin his successor Georgi I Malenkov Monday pledged the Soviet Union to by very means Ihe irmcd forces but declared his oreign policy is one of peace Both Malcnkovand Laventip Jcria in funeral orations praised he heroic nkov said a mighty camp 3eace democracy and socialism las been set up under Stalin and ie counted the Chinese people asih hat camp ft Lenins Tomb After the orations Stalins body vas placed in Lenins tomb oil led tomb to whose op Stalin invited Gen Dwight Dk Sisenhowcr in 1945 when he visited MOSCOW The funeral lasted an hour and half and look place outdoorsin vindy Red Square with thetem crature around 12 Somber music y a band of 750pieces setthe one Stalins Thurs day at the age of 74 after a brain brought fromthe Tall of Columns set before Soviet leaders coraeito praisehim and then placedin ttie1 Lenin mausoleum Speaking beside the bier of the dead leader o world Communism Alalcnkpv declared in ringing tones hat the SovietUniondesires inter national business ies with all countries and that the chief task his governmentas to prevent a war Asks Struggle r1 jr Malenkov called onthe Soviet pedple also for an ing struggle againstexternal and internal It1 is their cred duty he thelRussians o strengthen the forces and maintain their readi ness against enemy He was his chief depu ly premier Beria who said the Soviet s o 1 d i e fs have modem equipment andare able to ward off any aggression I Our enemies think our loss will bring disarray to ourranks They will be he declared The No 3 man in the new gov ernment V M Molotov was ihe third funeral speaker Stalins coffin was7 moved gun carriage to the flowerbanked Red Square just before 10 atm from the Hall of Columns the House of Trade Unions whereat had lain in state since Friday tlie day after his dealh There millions of sorrowing Soy iet women and chil filed past the bier to say farewell to the man who in 29 years at the head of the Soviet government had become a them f Furwal March A vast throng stood silent as military bands played Chopins Fu neral March and the cortege made Us slow way to the rostrum at he mausoleum On the rostrumwere party and government leaders top Communistsfrom Russias including Chinese Communist Pre mier Chou Enlai and diplomatic representatives The top leaders oE the Soviet Communist Party and the govern menfc carried the coffin lo a white draped platformin front of the pink marble mausoleum After the orations they slowly descended from the platform bearing the cof fm to the mausoleum as the Soviet anthem was played1 At noon the hourof Wermenf every steam whistle in the Soviet Union blew toe five minutesand thebig citiesacross country rocked with artillery salutes in Stalins memory Then as the nations leaders re turned to Ihe platform troopsof the Moscow garrison and 1 of the funeralcortegemarched past ttie mausoleum paying last honors The bodies of Leninand Stalin will lie in Ihe mausoleum unfil construction of a vast vnewf pan shrine of Communist arid ferf other dead GRANT TOGRINNEUL W4Grir2eU College the recipients ofva 4 fund and j hi ;