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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 9, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION UUlIf VOL LIV Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 9 1948 ThU Piper ContisU ot Two One No 129 Gottwald Forced Benes to Bow With Threat of Workers March EDITORS NOTE Here is an inside report on how the communists forced their will upon the rovernment of Czechoslovakia as told by leader of the Czech Catholic Peoples party who formerly was editor of that partys newspaper in Prague He escaped from Czechoslovakia 24 hours before the border was sealed On Feb 23 the communists in Prague issued a warrant for his arrest He es caped to Munich where he met with other refugees from Czecho slovakia and gathered the material for this report BY PAVEL TIGRID Written For United Press Munich Minister Klement Gottwald forced President Eduard Benes to surrender Czechoslovakia to the communists by threatening to lead thousands of armed workers massed and waiting into the government castle On the previous day Benes had been betrayed by Defense Minister LudwigSvoboda whose troops could have stopped the communists Benes knew all hope of resistance was gone when he faced Gottwald on the afternoon of February in the Prague castle It was a stormy exchange during which Benes remarked that Gottwald was playing the same role Hitler formerly played against nations he wanted to absorb Gottwald demanded that Benes accept without further delay the resignation of 12 members of the Czech cabinet and replace them with ministers who would give the communists control of the nation The deciding factor perhaps was Gottwalds threat of arrest for noncommunist leaders and his promise of safety for them if Benes met his prom ise thai was not kept Gottwald told the president It does not matter whether you sign or not There are tens of thou sands of armed workers waiting now in Wenchcslas square If you refuse to sign I am going to lead these tens of thousands up to the castle and right into this room Several thousands of armed men militia and police are now massed in Vladislovova street They await only the order to join the others 1 assure you with all these men around you will not be able to re sist the will of the people Benes capitulated Now he is a virtual prisoner at his country home in Sezimovo Usti I gathered these facts from rep resentatives of the Czech demo cratic parlies who were able to escape to the American zone in G e r m a For security e a s o n s their names can not yet be revealed Soviet of ficials fully an p r o v e d the oslovakia in ad v a n c e The Czech crisis de veloped very nickly follow ing the arrival PREMIER GOTTWALD Threatened Armed Miirrh High Court Bars Religion in Schools Washington supreme court justices agree that religious sects may not use Americas pub lic schools to teach their beliefs But in voicing1 their decision BENES on Feb 19 at the Prague airfield of Soviet Deputy Foreign Minis ter V A Zorhi who formerly was tiie Russian ambassador to Czech oslovakia Ifc has been established that Zorin brought from Moscow or ders for the Czech communists to go ahead with their putsch Zorin talked personally with several noncommunist ministers of the Czech government in an attempt to win their approval of the new government Zorin reportedly said that the revolutionary charges in Czech oslovakia were made with the kremlins full consent Benes realized the gravity of the situation from the beginning but he refused to give in On Tuesday Feb 24 Gottwald pressed Benes for a decision on his cabinet demands He said Mr president yon have io accept the resignation of these 12 ministers is a list with the names of new members for my cabinet It does not matter whether or not you sign it The result will be the same But I advise you strongly to sign On the afternoon oE Feb 25 Gottwald went to the presidential palace He had given Benes until 4 p m to make up his mind He made no secret of the fact that Moscow supported the entire show Gotlwala told Benes ihat if he approved the communist cabinet the 12 displaced ministers and dozens of politicians other noncommunist a n d newspapermen would be safe If not they would be arrested at once It was then that Benes gave in There was no mass arrests of non cpmmunists There were several single arrests then the cur tain clanged down Benes made it clear to Got nrald that he did not surrender or his own free will and that he intended to make this fact known to the public The president now is a virtual prisoner at his country home Any announcements concerning him or his activities should be received with the greatest caution It is the opinion ofmyself and other Czech exiles that the com munists will not allow President Benes to least they are going to prolong the present pe riod of uncertainty Gottwald is now the virtual master the nation and of the presidential castle The president put up a great fight but the odds were too great Missing B29 With 20 Reported Safe Honolulu B29 Super fortress with 20 men aboard reported on a flight from Califor nia for more than 10 hours Mas made a radio contact with another plane rcporllhg it was all right the Hickam field public informa tion officer said Monday disagreed among 16 c X it i 1 j 1 i i W their ruling will Moiiday they much ground cover Justice Black author of the ma jority opinion upheld an athiest mothers complaint that religious education classes held in Cham paign 111 schools violate the constitutional requirements for separation of church and state Only Justice Reed dissented The first amendment to the Black said rests upon the premise that both re ligion and government can best work to achieve their lofty aims if each is left free from the other the first amendment has erect ed a wall between the church and the state which must be kept high and impregnable Mrs Vashti McColIum who brought the original suit against the Champaign school board said the decision has safeguarded our school system from sectarian domination A selfstyled atheist she had complained that her eldest son James Terry now 12 was em barrassed because he was the only one in his class who did not take religious instruction Under the Champaign plan a local council representing Protest ant Catholic and Jewish faiths presented religious education classes once a week in the public schools Attendance was voluntary and only with parents permis sion the school board explained It said there was no extra cost to taxpayers John L Franklin attorney for the Champaign school board said the high court by its decision has enacted into law its philosophy that religion should be quaran tined to the home and the church I do not believe that this de cision will live in our law he said Pedestrian Wins in Tangle With Auto Beach Ca A ped estrian and an automobile tangled here and for once the pedestrian came out ahead K D Mclnlosh 75 said Tuesday he was crossing a downtown street Monday when 2 women in a shiny new sedan stopped squarely across the pedestrian zone I hoisted my cane he said and battered a big dent in the hood Moroccan children of the 17th century were not allowed to eat candy because it was considered a warriors food SAME Wfcito fUf mean IB U LAKE LATMER VOTERS REJECT SCHOOL BONDS Iowa Falls Approves Bus Garage Rowan Backs Building Bond issues for new school con struction at ClearLake and Lali mer were defeated Monday as highlights ot school elections in North Iowa communities Bonds of were asked at Latimer and at Clear Lake At Rowan a bond Issue of 000 for a new building was ap proved by the voters 198 to 56 and at Iowa Falls voters favored 123 to 22 a grarage for school buses costing not over School directors were elected in all communities Voters of the Franklin consoli dated school district which in cludes the towns of Latimer and Coulter defeated a bond issue for the construction of a new school building by a vote of 204 to 244 at the election Monday The district also includes parts of Ham ilton Morgan Marion Richland Scott and Wisncr townships The election was held at the Latimer town hall At Clear Lake the bond issue for a field house was voted down 171 to 245 M W Hughes and Robert Nichols were elected directors In a record vote at Cresco in which 1105 ballots were cast Dr R B Helming and Paul Farns worth whose terms expired were both reelected The 3rd candidate was George R Laub In a lively election at Manly 220 votes were cast and C W Maxon and Leonard Simmer won in a field of C candidates The in cumbents Rush Culver and Ben Lake were not candidates Dr H H Jenson and Mrs Mil dred Alexander were elected di rectors at Thornton At Charles City L R Erickson was elected director in place of J E Price H B Olds incumbent was reelected E L Kunkle was 3rd man in the race Charles R Harrison and Louis Foss were reelected directors at iiaiiiptoii their Opponents in tiie race being C B Donahue and Ron E Harrison At Crystal Lake Lloyd Chris tenson was elected to take the place of Laurence Nielsen who was not a candidate His oppon ent was Roy Rogencss C N Housh and O K Maben were elected to the board at Garner the former succeeding himself the latter succeed ing W L Baggs who was not a candidate Walter Pose and Dan O Dono van were elected to the board of education at New Hampton They succeed J G Schueth and J P Rigler both of whom served 12 years At Calmar Carl Nyslrom and Paul Hove were elected directors Edwin Barker and Stanley Koerth were elected directors to succeed W F Borchcrding and Homer Hartley at Frcdericksburg At Lawler Harry Kane received 52 voles for director to succeed himself L J Roark was a write in winner with 20 votes to suc ceed Joseph B OConnor who did not run In the election at Acklcy Dr R PI Griffel and Ralph Fear were elected directors The 3rd man in the race was William Hofmeistcr At Clarion Mrs Lila Wake field and Dr E L Sixemore were reelected R L Davison was re elected treasurer None had op position Harlcy L Penney and Clark Kelly were elected directors nl Osage their opponents being J H Rickles and John Bartlctt Wal ter E Sheldon was unopposed for treasurer Dewey Stassen Match Power in New Hampshire GOP Primary Mason City Voters Bow to Plymouth Plymouth cast 278 votes in Mondays school election as com pared with 22G in Mason City The 1940 official population of the 2 was 427 and 27080 respectively The turnout at Plymouth was attributed to the contest between Herman Hansen of that town and R V Wilkinson ot Rock Falls both of whom were seeking elec tion to the new county school board Ilunscn was leading 333 to 220 Wednesday on the basis of the vote in Mason City Kock Falls and Plymouth Final results will not be known for several days until the balloting in the rural precincts of northeast CVrro Gordo county are reported to the county superintendent of schools Rock Falls voted 78 for Wilkin son to 1 for Hansen but Plymouth gave Hansen a 259 to ID majority In Mason City the vote was 123 for Wilkinson and 73 for Hansen R F Clough Jay E Decker and F J Olson were elected to the Mason City school board without opposition and Allan F Beck was reelected treasurer He also was the only candidate for the office The Mason City vote was the smallest in a school election in more than a decade There were 1678 votes last year Smallest recorded vote in the last quarter century was in 1929 when only 123 votes were cast The largest vote was 3837 in 1924 The vote by wards in Mason City Jst 2nd Kril Tol Clough 4G 70 59 31 215 Docker 44 77 Oil 31 212 Olson 4fi ill in 20j Iteck 43 itisenL I Wilkinson 211 va co 32 30 29 15 13 212 a 21 73 SCHOOL STRIKE TALKS RESUMED Boardand Teachers in Direct Negotiation Minneapolis Minne apolis board of education and the citys striking public school teach ers resume direct negotiations Tuesday for the first time since the strike began 2 weeks ago The board agreed to resume ne gotiations Tuesday morningr but rejected an offer by the AFL mens anil womens teachers unions to scale clown the wage demands which started the strike Originally the teachers had asked for an immediate ycar increase On Saturday they offered to reduce their demands to for teachers in the lower 3rd of the salary brackets for those in the middle 3rd and for those in the top 3rd However the board would have been bound to give all teachers ad ditional annual increases of in 1949 and in 1950 The unions 1100 member teachers struck Feb 24 and the board closed the schools idling another 1100 nonunion teachers and 75000 pupils More than IB310000 women are employed in the United Stales FARM 4 year old Shorthorn owned by Jim Bean BcloitKans caused a stir in the Kansas City stock yards The big steer 6 feet 2 inches tall and weighing 2170 pounds was sold for 20 centsn pound The steer towers a full foot over Yardman Hab Whitney AP Wirepliolo BROOKLYN GIRL WEDS GERMAN Mrs Gertiud Wagner 25 year old former Gertrud Hilbert oC Brooklyn N Y hands house key to her husband Walter Wagner 28 former German soldier and a streetcar conductor in Heidelberg Germany She met Wagner while on a visit to her grandparents She said she hopes to be able to bring him to the U S this spring and make a Brooklyn conduc tor out of him Production of 1st ManMade Mesons Hailed as Milestone Scientists Say Step Greatest in Atomic Research Since 1939 Federal Tax Agents Draw Fire of House Washington The internal revenue bureau came under sharp ire of the house appropriations committee Tuesday The commit tee said the political patronage system of picking federal tax col lectors should be abolished The recommendation was made n a bill providing funds for the treasury and postofficc depart ments for the year starting July 1 But the committee made only a 17 per cent cut in the G2G200 President Truman had asked for the 2 departments It proposed a total of in cash appropriations Of this the treasury would re ceive or a 5C per cent cut and the pos toff ice G912G9250 or a 11 per cent re duction The president had asked for the treasury and department for the postofficc Left completely out of the bill was the customary appropriation for tax refunds The committee decided to put off action on that until pending tax legislation is out of the way In addition to the new cash the committee recommended 584430 in trust fund appropria tions and in general and special fund appropriations This boosted the gross total to The trust general and special funds include such items as interest on the national debt and the oldage insurance fund Over these congress has only nominal control For the bureau of narcotics the By RENNIE TAYLOR Al Science Reporter Berkeley Cal sci ence got off to an exciting new start Tuesday with man made mesons mighty particles which heretofore have been produced only by nature The achievement ends a not able race among scientists in America Europe and perhaps elsewhere They agreed that arti ficial production of a meson would be the greatest thing in atomic research since the discov ery of uranium fission in 1939 which led to the atom bomb Production of mesons in the laboratory for the first time was announced Monday by Dr Ernest O Lawrence famed atom smash er and James B Fisk research director of the atomic energy commission The potent particles which eventually may point the way to atomic energy far greater than that produced by the atom bomb were produced in the University of Californias 4000 ton cyclo tron Dr Lawrence said laboratory mesons will give scientists their best tool for finding out just what particles there are in the nuclei of atoms However there will be no immediate practical applica tion he added Despite the atom bomb little is known about the insides of atoms Dr Lawrence giving credit to his staff and to British research ers termed the accomplishment one oil the great milestones of all time in fundamental atomic research Mesons are important because they arc the most powerful par ticles known to science and be cause they have something to do with nuclei which researchers must learn about before they can solve any remaining atomic mys teries In nature they come from the xipper air Presumably they are born when the nucleus of a speed ing hydrogen atom hits an atom of oxygen or some other matter in the air and explodes it Mesons arc products of these explosions Some have been rated as having energies of hundreds of billion of volts The energy produced in uranium atom explosions is only 200 million volts The cyclotron mesons are feeble about 4 million volts Bigger atom smashers will be needed to produce the more pow erful ones Dr Lawrence said He added that the atomic energy commission was interested in plans for building still larger atom busting machines The muskox confined to the northern parts ot North America are suited for domestication pro ducing milk equal to the cow and valuable Wool SENATE ENTERS ELECTION PROBE Study Clarks Action m Missouri Voting Washington Fcr uson RMich said Tuesday icnate investigators are studying VUorney General Clarks actions n connection with alleged vote rands occurring in the slate of Missouri in 1946 Ferguson Is chairman of a spe cial 7mcmber investigating sub committee recently authorized to ake over major inquiries under lie senate expenditures commit ee President Truman took n per sonal hand in the 1946 Missouri congressional race He asked cie eat in the democratic primaries of former Rep Enos Slaughter Slaughter lost Later here were numerous charges of fraudulent votes The FBI investigated but the justice department brought no prosecutions State courts did Since then republicans have been trying to obtain a full dress senate investigation into actions of Lhe federal bureau of investiga tion as well as Attorney General Clark and the justice department Democrats previously had blocked this committee recommended GfyO or more than the asked The extra money s to be used to station 2 narcotics ngents abroad to check narcotics shipments at their source The full requested for the white house police force was ipproved The committee com mented that protection for the president and the presidentelect n an election year will require adequate funds The committee ordered a 1year jan on typewriter purchases for the entire federal government It said there already are 36 type writers for every stenographer typist and correspondence clerk The treasurypostoffice bill went to the house less than 24 hours after that chamber passed and sent to the senate a bill financing the labor department and the federal security agency for next year MARTHUR AND TRUMAN SEEK PRESIDENT BID Little Farm Town Gives Stassens Delegates Majority in 1st Report By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gov Thomas E Dewey of New York and Harold E Stassen form er governor of Minnesota matched strength Tuesday in New Hamp shires firstinthenation repub lican primary as the 1948 elec tion pot began to boil with the entry of President Harry Trumau and General Douglas MacAxthur in the presidential race Stassen delegates swept the first New Hampshire town to re port in the New Hampshire re publican presidential primary Returns from the little farm town oC 115 Stassendelegates a ma jority in 5 of the 6 delegate con tests in that atlarge and 2 district Political observers noted the Roxbury result with cautioned that it could not be tak en as a definite trend Its a republican show as Presi dent Truman is unopposed iu the democratic primary for his partys endorsement Dewey and Stassen are the only republican candidates with full delegate slnles in the New Hampshire field MacArlhurs message saying he is available but will not actively seek the presidency caught pro fessional GOP politicians by sur Planes With Russ Markings Attack Airliner in China Shanghai P39 fight er planes marked with the red star of Russia made 5 passes at a com mercial airliner Monday firing their machine guns but apparent ly not trying to hit it airline offi cials said Tuesday If they had been trying to shoot down the slow transport they couldnt have missed Pilot L B Buol reported The transport one of the planes owned by Maj Gen Claire L Chennaults commercial airline was carrying 32 refugees from Mukden Manchuria It was cross ing theGulf of Chihli south of Russianoccupied Port Arthur and Dainrcn the airline reported but was giving those cities a wide berth as all Chcnnault planes do The United States gave many P39s to Russia under wartime lendleaso One City Finds Peace Batavia N Y west ern New York city has one claim to fame for a safe place to live Police Lt Forrest A Gray reported no violent deaths within the city limits last no automobile fatalities no sui cides and no murders1 V Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness and continued cold Tuesday night Wednesday cloudy and a little warmer with light snow beginning in aCtornpon Low Tuesday night zero to 5 above High Wednesday near Iowa Increasing cloudiness Tues day night becoming cloudy Wednesday with Jight snow be ginning southwest portion dur ing afternoon and overspread ing south portion at night Low Tuesday night zero northwest to 15 southeast High Wednesday 24 north to 30 south Shippers Forecast 5 below in northwest 5 above southwest 10 to 15 southeast zero northeast Snow spreading over most of state by Wednesday Good amount indicated for Wednes day and Wednesday night Iowa 5 Day Weather Outlook Tem peratures will average f degrees below normal Normal highs 37 north 24 south Warmer Wcri ncsday Colder Thursday after noon and night and Friday Lit tle change Saturday and Sunday Precipitation will average one half inch occurring as snow Wednesday and Thursday and widely scattered snow flurries Sunday halfinch equivalent to 4 to 5 inches Minnesota Generally fair and quite cold Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudy with slowiy rising temperatures IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning It put the 68 year old 5 star gen eral in the positive candidate class along with Gov Thomas 32 Dewey New York Senator Robert A Taffc of Ohio former Gov Harold E Stas sen of Minneso ta and Gov Earl Warren of Cali fornia The supreme allied comman der in J a p a n named no party in his a n n o u n c cm cnt MACAHTIIUR that he would accept nny public duty to which I might be called by the American people But his statement took note of the fact that his name has been entered in the Wisconsin republi can primary next month Also only 10 clays ago the general sent a message to GOP headquarters in which he said The republican party has never deviated from tho proposition that all political pow er resides in the people M a c A r I h u rs announcement widened still further an already bulging repub lican field And Mr mans decision to run drove a new wedge into the democratic parly split over his civil rights program His action killed any prac tical hope of Dixie party members for a TRUMAN compromise candidate Politicians generally agree that now the pres ident has spoken the nomination cannot be denied him But Mr Trumans decision to go after his first full 4year term touched off even greater contro versy within his own party Menaced by Henry Wallaces in dependent bid for the presidency hat party hns shown signs of ailing apart at the scams because of southern anger over Mr Tru mans civil rights proposals With nil of this in mind Sen ator Elmer Thomas DOkla told n reporter There isnt a chance in Lhe world for Mr Truman to win in November This estimate was regarded as significant because Thomas has not joined in the outcry of his Maximum 23 Minimum 4 below At 8 a m Tuesday 2 below Precipitation Trnco Snow Trace YKAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 27 Dixie colleagues against the anti lynching antipoll lax antijob discrimination and antiTir measures the president has congress to pass As he emerged from a DOmimrt conference in Mr Trumans office with Gael Sullivan the demo cratic committees executive di rector Democratic Chairman How ard McGrnlh snid on this point The presidents is un changed since he delivered his message to COIWFM I might say that In my view lite totUlon as expressed in the mcware old as the constitution Itself and as new as the 1944 democratic platform ;