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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 9, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Lewd Wlm Mve i Copyi THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIOR MASON cmr IOWA FRIDAY MARCH WIDEN REMAGEN BRIDGEHEAD INSIDE WASHINGTON Menckens Witty Letters to Be Published os Book By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist collection ol H L Mencken letters is being made into a book The correspondents of the Sage of B a 11 i more as Mencken the satirist is called are being asked to send copies of the forth coming book I I had kept my Mencken letters Over along friends hip I have received manygay little notes from Henry He is a genius at letterwriting Just as he was at establishing a new school of c bunking thought for the young in telligentsia some years ago In spite ol the fact that Menck en received probably the largest fan mail ol any American literary man he himself always answered every letter he received No form answers No dictation io a secretary for Mencken He sat down at his type writer and wrote a few lines sprightly and thoughtful to everybody who had taken the trouble to write to him To me when my first daughter was born Mencken wrote the per fect letter of congratulation I hear you have a daughter My deepest felicitation May she be fat until she is six and beauti ful until sheis 60 Undoubtedly an intense and sometimes brusque fellow in his literary life personally Mencken is amiable and politeinthe old dinner groupnot long ago by of fering prize for the most nn grammatical sentence anyone pres ent had ever heard The first prize winner was If Id a knowd you wanted to went Id aseed you got to gone Secondprize winner which I liked best was I never seen noth in uniqucer I wish I could believe that this war will bring about some good I wish I could believe that all the suffering and murdering and de struction willbring any kind of improvement to the world Some bigger and faster air Other such gim cracks But a fine faith in every thing On the contrary Unless you have swallowed the starryeyed propaganda of the tomtom beat ers up of war yon can foresee only confusion and misery as a reward for our latest attempt to save the world Thoughtful honest men in this country and in England say they are prepared to see Russia com pletely overrun Europe And the joke of the soviet conquest is that the United States and England have helped provide the tools for the overrunning Germany these Intellectuals believe is finished Nothing to Tear from her for gen erations after this war But Rus IS another story To make you feel still happier here is another prediction I hear whispered in small conversation groups The jig is about up for the white race There have long been more colored peoples than white peoples Todays fighting in many areas amounts to a civil war Every time a German kills an ally or vice Tersa the number of white people is cut with taxes and unem ployment one dreadful pessimist said Thursday this big wonder ful United States is doomed for disaster We not only will not have saved the world when this war is over we will have lost ourselves And continued the pessimist the American people wont know for 50 years what has happened to j them Theyll go on believing they can run mankind until its too late to help themselves On this cheery note I leave you Moscow Claims Reds Resume Assault GERMANSPLACE REDS IN HEART OF KUESTRIN Shell Outskirts of Danzig Stettin Break Outer Defenses London UR M o s c o w dis patches reported Friday that the battle of Berlin has been resumed in full fury along a 175mile of the Oder and Neisse stretch rivers Nazi accounts said the red army has broken into the heart of and apparently encircled Kuestrin main anchor of the lastditch Oder line before the capital Kuestrin lies 38 miles east of Berlin but the Germans conceded that the red army was only 29 miles away from the capital at the bend of the Oder northwest of Kuestrin 33 miles away southwest of Kuestrin Adolf Hitler has just returned from a visit to the Oder front some 30 miles from Berlin nazi broadcasts said as the decisive battle for the eastern approaches to the capital began Moscow reported that the soviet high command continued to screen developments along the Oder Neisse front with a security black out but added significantly Unofficial advices indicate that the whole OderNeisse line is aflame withthe 2nd phase of the decisive winter offensive jjr full also reported that the Soviets were storming and shelling the outskirts of both Danzig and Stettin biggest Germanheld ports on theBaltic sea after crumpling their outer defenses like a house of cards The red army was within sieht of both ports Berlin broadcasts said Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs first White Russian army had swung across the Oder river behind Kuestrin 33 miles east of Berlin and was storming the burning fortress city from all indication that Kuestrin has been encircled The forces which attacked from the rear broke into the westbank portion Kuestnn Berlin said but the main assault came from the northweston the opposite side of the big bend of the Oder The German defenders repulsed 17 soviet thrusts from the north west the German DNB agencys von said On their 18th try powerful Russian infan try and tank forces broke into the streets of the said Fresh German reserves rushed up and forced the soviet rem back into the interior of the town von Hammer said The wording of the broadcast indicat ed that the Russians at one time may have held almost all of Kues trin and even at present were in the center of the city Other soviet forces were in northeastern KuesLrin von Ham mer said Numerous planes were said to be supporting the red artny attacks Though nazi broadcasts re mained silent on developments elsewhere along the Berlin front Moscows report that the whole OderNeisse line was aflame pointed to attacks all the from Stettin to the Sudeten foot hills The main thrust obviously was being aimed at Berlin from the Kuestrm and Frankfurt areas due east of the capital but the flank ing drives toward Stettin in the north and Dresden in the south may prove equally decisive in the final accounting Marine Fight for Iwo Jima Almost Over Guam S marines vir tually split in 2 the last desper atelyresisting Japanese on Iwo Friday with a drive to a 100 foot cliff overlooking the northeast coast It wont be long before this tiling is over Vice Admiral Rich mond Kelley Turner commaader of the Pacific amphibious forces said after a tour of the tiny is land on Japans front doorstep Front reports indicated that a 3rd marine division spearhead at of the ine had sained the cliff commanding the steep northeastern beach after ramming through the last defenses in the area The push all but severed enemy forces on the north coast from those along the northeast shore A Tokyo broadcast said 29 670 marines had been killed or wo ivi ed through Wednesday The broadcast was recorded by the The 5th division advancecUalong the northern tip of Iwo in a frontal drive against the enemys northern pocket The 4th division still was en countering difficulty in rugged terrain along the east coast but the Srds breakthrough to the north threatened the rear of en emys northeastern pocket Carrier planes and the big ouns of warships offshore supported the marine offensive now in its 4th fleet d fewer than were dei lending every prepared desperately with heavy arid light machine guns and intense small arms fire Tamer told United Press War Correspondent Mac R Johnson on returninK to his flagship from Iwo that the marine officers were cheerful over the prospects of early conquest of the 8 square mile island The admiral said he was im pressed favorably with Iwos po tentialities for use as an air base fS amst only 750 miles to the north RAF Yanks Hit Industry atKassel German in city of Kassel heavily Thursday n Friday a the main force of US Subs Sink 12 More Enemy Vessels Washington States submarines have sunk 12 more enemy vessels including an escort carrier and a destroyer in far eastern waters the navy an nounced Friday The announcement raised to 1 Oa7 the total of enemy vessels of all types sunk by U S submer sibles including 112 combatant and 945 noncombatant craft Noncombatant ships claimed Fridays announcement in cluded a large cargo transport a large tanker 2 medium cargo transports 5 medium cargo ves 5 Year Old Cant Remember Father Milwaukee Stephen bitter arriving in San Francisco after nearly 3 years in a Jap pris fin t camp in the Philippines tele phoned his wife and 2 sons Nine year old young Steve remem bered his father but Larry 5 was 3ust excited After the call Larry rushed back to the telephone called his grandmother and ex claimed breathlessly What do you think grandma Mothers hus band is coming home 500 MILLION LOST New York equipment valued at 5500000000 has been lost by American ar mius in Europe since the Nor mandy invasion Brig Gen Stew bomber fleet sent out by the U S 8th air force vV nSht raids the VtMsb hit submarine building yards n Hamburg and unspecified ob jectivcs in Berlin German radios of the of bombers shortly after 8 YANKS HEADING FOR INVASION OF ZAMBOANGA Tokyo Claims Fleet Ready for Landing on Philippine Island Manila UR Friday that a Tokyo reported American invasion armada was maneuver ing for a landing at Zamboanga on the southwest tip of Mindanao 2nd largest of the Philippine is lands after a 24hour naval bom bardment Minesweepers began clearing a channel off the coast Friday morn ing Tokyo radio said and the task force is showing signs ot a landing attempt The broadcast said the Ameri can fleet comprised 3 battleships 4 cruisers 20 landing craft and 50 other warships and assorted craft It began shelling Zamboanga ear ly Thursday Tokyo added Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters were silent on the enemy reports Fridays commu nique disclosed however thai Liberators Mitchell mediums and Lightnings wrecked buildings and started many fires in Zamboang with a 129ton raid Tuesday Zamboanga on Basilan strait 535 miles south of Manila is one of the prirpal ports of Minda nao southernmost of the Philip pines and defended by the last enemy f0fe remaining i said the comprised 2 task forces which reached the Zamboanga area from the east and west first force consisted of 30 unclassified war ships while the 2nd comprised 3 battleships 4 cruisers 20 land ing craft and 20 small other craft Tokyo said While minesweepers were clear ing a channel the broadcast said that 3 cruisers cover of a substantial port airforcc shelled the Tokyo claimed that no landings were made up to Thursday night but jid not extend its comment beyond that time Zamboanga is separated from the northeast tip of Borneo by a 180mile long steppingstone is land chain formed by Basilan is land and the Sulu archipelago Across the Sulu sea 355 miles to the west is the Palawan port of Pnerta Princesa and 3 airfields which were seizedby Gen Doug las MacArthurs troops last week The Japanese before the Phil ippines campaign were believed to have concentrated strong forces on Mindanao as MacArthur ap proached from the south But the island where American troops waged their last organized resistance in the Philippines 3 years ago was bypassed by tho Leyte invasion and subsequent operations on other islands in cluding Luzon Our Boys Are Crossing ithe Rhine By HAL BOYLE Wilh the V S First Army Across the Rhine columns of Americans were ploughing across the Rhine to slay because the Germans blundered and gave up one of the least costly but yet one of he most important bridgeheads in military history srlmly jogged into the bridgehead despite the spor adic menacing Germany artillery fire All through the night masses of men and supplies moved over the crossing under the scattered Ger man fire to meet the great coun terattacks which the Germans are certain to make unless they are ready to concede that the war is lost The Germans fumbled They were caught by flatfooted by this great gamble which lias turned into a brilliant coup There is rugged beauty at the site of this bluffs and rolling green hills above the silver river But that very rug gedness could have made this crossing site all but impregnable had the Germans been readv The best they could muster was the intermittent artillery fire and this has been ineffective in halting Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges power plunge The narrow and winding roads to the crossing were jammed with AMERICANS CROSS THE RHINE it arrow T i 11 c 11 crossinS the Rhine river south of Cologne Ifif fl amy troops Other 1st army units have tak u n and ad Godesberg and Berlin reported thrust broken arrow south to the Ahr river Third forces have reached the Rhine near Coblenz army War Production Resumed in Upper Ohio Valley as High Levels Reach Midwest By UNITED PRESS War production was resumed Friday in the upper regions of thP Ohio river valley as Ilopdwaters receded to stages but downriver braced themselves for the highest ifvels in in the eastern area after a 2 rivers workers returned to thei jobs in the citys factories and steel mills Late reports indicated that the waters were rising slowly along some GOO miles of the rivers length in Kentucky from the el bow at Cattlettsbnrg t Paducah at the other end of the state return to their war The Red Cross reported it was feeding ap proximately 650 families in the Pittsburgh district and that 2000 families had fled their homes army stood on ge a if the 5 set at u sru a heavy blow at German commu nications Thursday inHungary hitting railroad yards at Koma rpm 20 miles in advance of Hus sian ground forces and blocking aU through lines at Hegyeshalom near the Austrian frontier 45 miles west Komarom The Ital ianbased flyers were carefully bnefed against dropping bombs in areas where the Russians might The German radio said allied bombers from vm slriking the reich again Fridaj 1 8fh 3ir force ng Fortresses and Liberators ed j already battered ran and 2 tank manufacturing atKasseIThe plants had recently been repaired mo partial production Other American and put bombers A wwmoers fanned out over western Ger railway targets at Osnahrnck Mnenster Rhelne and Frankfnrtammain The entire fleet was given cover by about 100 Mustangs and Thunderbolts In the night attacks the Brit ish who lost 67 aircraft on 3 pre vious nights reported only 4 planes missing The RAF opera tions included attacks on Hann over and Hagen in northern Ger many BOILER EXPLOSION Baltimore man was killed one missing and 4 were injured Thursday after a boiler room explosion which sank the Liberty ship Benjamin R Milan at a Locust Point repair dock FDR PREFERS HOUSE BILL Says America Still Short of Manpower Washington resident Roosevelt expressed a preference Friday for manpower legislation with authority in it rather than a program which would rely on vol untary methods The chief executive told a news conference that we still are short of men To a question whether he pre ferred a norkorjai bill as passed by the house or the measure Just enacted by the senate the presi dent suggested a reading of his last annual message to congress Any one would be able to see he said which measure came nearest his objectives This apparently made it plain that his preference was for legis lation in the form approved by the house In his message last January the chief executive called for a na tional service act to permit the total mobilization of all our hu man resources for the prosecution of the war He added that it would be un necessary to discard voluntary processes already in effect But he said inadequate tools were being used such as expedients like man power ceilings and the use of pri ority and other powers to induce men and women to shift from non essential to essential war jobs uvuci eim or itif vif 11 Southern Indiana and Ohio tawnV 0ins llle Mississippi i n Inna rrmtrn also prepared for high waters jj long At least 10 knoin dead urerejfc range forecast counted in a 6slate area Cities along the lower Ohio worked furiously to combat crests that were expected to reach their peak Friday and Saturday Only Cincinnati and Covirrfcton Ky across the river were considered immune The river flattened out as it hit the broader channel in that area and weather officials reported a foot fall from Thursdays 692foot peak the coast crest was con sidered safe however behind 60foot floodwall Second Looie Leads Yanks Across Rhine With U S First Army Germany The first American outfit across the Rhine was the 2nd pla At Louisville the river rose I toon Ol company A led by 2nd Lt slowly toward a predicted 48foot lEmmet JBurrows Burrows story will have to he ight lhe mark only was too busy to be talk in the 1937 disaster The statebystate picture Ohio neared the 10foot mark at Aurora about 16 feet above flood level Transpor tation was snarled and factories closed m lowlying areas Some 3000 families had been evacuated worst of the flood appeared Over Stale guardsmen and volunteers expected to save Portsmouths downtown business section At least 20000 were homeless towns pre pared for their worst seige of the 3day flood Volunteers were busy reinforcing barricades and evacu ating families to higher ground Jeffersonville and Paducah hoped to hold out behind weak flood walls West crisis had been weathered except in a small southwestern portion near Park ersburg and Huntington Some 1000 persons stilt were unable to return to their homes in the Wheeling area river at Pittsburgh was reported at mal level and f the high mark ing about it Efforts to reach him were unavailing because he went right on and at last report was still in the thick of the fight Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair mild tempera tures Friday night and Satur day Lowest temperature about Iowa Fair mild temperatures Friday night and Saturday Minnesota Cloudy with snow flur ries extreme northeast and fair remainder of state Friday night and Saturday a little warmer south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday 35 Minimum Thursday 32 At B a m Friday 15 2 p m Friday ju YEAR AGO Maximum 22 minus 2 police sweated shouted and swore at the traffic jams on every cross road but the doughboys paid little attention These were lired and muddy men in mudspattered vehicles They joked because all American soldiers joke in the shadow of danger They knew they were go ing to cross the Rhine and every one wanted to be among the first and they joked about this But there was tenseness in this ela tion They are certain the Ger mans still have a last effort in store and none of these Ameri cans wants to get killed now with victory so clearly in sight Even in such a historic event as the crossing of the Rhine the infantrymen were resigned to the truth of that old army adage Hurry up and wail The German civilians stare in consternation at the parade of American might but they show little sympathy for their dead soldiery These people are too sick of war and bloodshed io care much now who gets killed They only hope dully that the war will be over soon The crossinggrew more dan gerous by the hour The German big gun fire sporadic though it may be took its toll The Yanks streaming toward the crossing site can see a proces sion of American ambulances go ing in the opposite victims of the fighting on the cast bank As the column crawls through i village near the river you no tice for the first time the dough boys standing watchfuleyed in the doorways You know then that German shells have been bursting nearby The road curves slowly down from the last treecrowned hill and as it turns suddenly you see an open space crisscrossed by empty German trenches There is one small knockcdout German antitank gun Then around a bend with shocking suddenness you see the Rhine itself in all its majesty sweeping in sinuous beauty as far as the eye can reach among the rounded hills and high cliffs FOOT POPS TANKS CROSSED RAIL BRIDGE German Resistance Collapses in Eifel Mountains Trap Paris American first army steadily enlarged its Re magen bridgehead in inner Ger many Friday to an east bank wedge at least 5 miles deep and 10 wide Daring armored infantrymen of the 9th armored division captured the doubletracked LudendorfJ railroad bridge at Remagen and swiftly raced along lls 1200feet length Into the steep cliffs of Er pei 27S miles southwest of Berlin and 30 southeast of Cologne Tanks quickly followed the foot troops aware of the danger that the Germans at any second might blow up the structure The Sher mans reached the span at p m Wednesday it is possible Io disclose for the time Friday Between the Remagen bridge head and shellrocked Coblenz German resistance collapsed sud denly in the Eifel mountainstrap and the lost nazi divisions raced toward the Rhine British io the north captured Xanten and stead ily reduced the WcscJ pocket In a matter of seconds after the infantry company commanded by a Jersey City lieutenant Emmet J Burrows had seized the Luden dprff bridge the 9th armored di vision was racing across and fan ning out in all directions The great Ruhr basin was in imminent peril of being outflank ed The very heart of Germany was Some explosions accompanied the 9th armored division dash across the Rhine and caused slight damage to the bridge Wires to ex plosive charges were cut sviftly before any more than superficial harm was done Repairs under German fire were started immediately at the east end of the bridge was swiftly overrun and the tanks and foot troops swarmed into the Balsaltc cliffs and rolling green Rbineland hills beyond A German medic surrendered the town and GOD wounded Germans and a feiv American prisoners in it The Germans were stunned al most into paralysis Hundreds laid down their arms White flags flapped along the entire route of the 9th armored divisions charges When night fell Wednesday all roads west of ilie Rhine leading to the Ludendorff bridge were choked with rucks of troops and shells tanks self propelled guns vehicle and weapon In easy reach The steady stream of eastbound military traffic such as the Rhine had never experienced since Napoleon crossed 140 years ago continued through the night Thursday and Friday Only oneway traffic crossed the bridge for hours until a su able force of infantry and armor was across Engineers were re pairing apd strengthening the termed more valuable to Gen Eisenhower than Cologne or any other Rhineland city The 9tli armored division reached the Rhine after a 25mile dash from Euskirchen It was the 9th armored division commanded by Maj Gen John W Leonard which held out at Bastogne alongside the 101st air borne division last December Up to the latest reports at su preme ac tion well into Thursday the Germans neither had been able to rally enough strength for a fighting stand nor to get enough troops to the danger point for serious counterattacks although 3 small ones were mounted The crossing was made and the bridgehead was expanded under There she is shouls a soldier mortar and small arms fire This was neither heavy nor par ticularly effective Remagen is 30 mites southsouth east of Cologne and 20 miles northwest of Coblenz where American 3rd army elements stood a bare miles away No great German cities lie im mediately beyond Remagen but a drive eastward would flank the great Ruhr basin A smash north ward would overrun its cities and war factories which near the start of the conflict supplied Hitler with of his arms A drive southward up the Rhine would encircle the whole Saar industrial district and the Palatinate Lt Gen George S Pattons ag gressive 3rd army overran of the Coblenz ptain and seized jMiesenheim 15 miles south of Re s j magen With the first army he l xvas rapidly forging a trap on per Every man in the long column looks out at this magnificent riv er Beyond its springflooded wat ers lies the war to Berlin and vic tory and home A German shell crashes into the crossing site far below where hundreds of tiny men and tiny machines work their way across the river Seconds afterward the noise of the shellburst echoes up As the column winds slowly down the steep hills hundreds of doughboys spaced 20 feet apart begin trotting in doable columns toward the crossing point Shells crack and explode in black towers of debris On the other bank infantrymen crouch as they move forward into battle It wont be long now doughboy calls out ;