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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 9, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME E 1 HIS UEM 0F JOB THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLI1I CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PHESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 9 1937 Lewis Takes Supremacy Vertical Unionism Seen in Partnership With Capital By CHARLES V STEWART ASHINGTON CPA What may be d e seribed as ver tical unionisms newly cemented partners hip with capital in the steel indus try pretty ef fectively estab lishes John L Lewis suprem acy in a leader ship of Ameri can labor It is fair to call it a part nership It long has been a c o m monplace that capital and labor ought to be partners but in fact as we all Icnow they by no means liave behaved toward each other as If they considered that any such relationship existed between them The recent steel compact how ever begins to look like a begin ning at least upon an era of mu tually tolerant terms between em ployers and workers Have Gained Some The workers did not obtain quite all that they asked but they did obtain fairly reasonable conces sions or they would not have ac cepted inthe form of high er pay and shorter hours Capital on the opposite hand does not appear to feel that it lost by making these concessions Con trariwise announcement that the agreement had been arrived at was followed immediately by a sharp advance in the price steel shares on the stock market Both sides are pleased by the dicker Labor hasnt exactly triumphed Capital hasnt exactly triumphed The triumph was a triumph oC sweet reason Vertical Unionism How vertical unionism works in a big industry in comparison with liorizontal or craft unionism has been dembntrated throughout the Justcjy c4Jhe Tlnited Mine Work ers of America John li Lewis or ganization The mine workers group in cludes between 30 and 40 diggers electricians blacksmiths et cetera They have bargained with their employers collectively One compact all crafts in that industry included But the building industry say The employing builder makes his deals by craft separately with steel workers carpenters plumb ers whatnol Collective lie may be in perfect agreement with 90 per cent of his employes but at outs with 10 per cent and that 10 per cent will tie up his en tire contract Naturally he prefers the idea of collective or vertical bargaining In its way it is as much to the interest of the employer as to the employe to be collective If the employer makes a con tract with one big union it is bind ing for his entire staff for a year or more or whatever term is spe cified There are no interunion squabbles to be reckoned with This is what the steel folk are counting on The employers look for stability for trouble here there and everywhere occasionally uncer tainly Lewis an Economist H has taken a long time for this idea In soak inln the employing companies mentality It appears to have done so in flic case ol thelargest steel cor porations Other companies probably are Hot so receptive Still the example of the United States Steel corpo ration is likely to influence them Labor also perhaps required some constructive thinking John L Lewis with his vertical unionistic philosophy has fur nished it Is hea labor leader or what I would An economist THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 132 DECKERS IN SECOND PAY DOOST WAGE RAISE OF 9 PER CENT TO BEGIN MARCH15 Means Addition of Quarter of Million Dollars to Locai Payroll A wage increase for the em ployes of the Jacob E Decker and Sons packing plant of armour and company was announced Tuesday by F G Duffield general mana ger following a meeting of the plant conference board which is the medium of negotiations be tween employes and the manage ment The increase which goes into ef fect March 15 amounts to 9 cents an hour in the case of hourly and piece work employes and will mean an addition of a quarter of a million dollars to the Decker pay roll Mr Duffield estimated Liberalize Vacations Tuesdays announcement is the second wage increase at the Deck er plant within the past six months a previous one amount ing to 7 per cent having been granted last Tali A few days ago Mr Duffield announced a new liberalized plan of vacations for hourly workers at the plant Under this provision hourly workers in the plant will receive one weeks vacation with pay af ter two years service and two weeks vacation with pay after five years service and three weeks vacation with pay after 20 years of service The wage increase which hus been said Mr Duffield is in recognition of the general trend of wages in other industries While living costs have remained practically stationary for months e m E 1QXS representatives claimed and the management of the company agiees that out wage rates should reflect the go ing rates for comparable services in other important industries Reflects Prices Meat prices reflect the price of livestock and the cost of prepara Livestock prices are now high and while we expect to see an advance in the price of meats to meet these new condi tions we do not believe the ad vance will be out of line with growing consumer income The purchasing power of Ar mour plant employes in this city will be substantially increased They will receive their propor tionate share of this wage boost which totals over 55000000 for Armour plant employes through out the country This we believe will be a helpful factor in speed ing recovery and restoring pros perity The 9 per cent wage increase was generally announced by pack ing plants all over the midwest The boost was expected to mean an additional annually to approximately 100000 employes of the Big Four meat packers Asks Interest Cut on Land Bank Loans WASHINGTON D C Prompted by numerous letters from drought stricken Iowa and Nebraska farmers Rep Vincent Harrington of Sioux City asked congress to reduce the interest rate on land bank commissioners loans from 5 to 4 per cent and to extend for three years the time for principal payments MIDWEST FEELS EARTH SHOCKS Seven States and Ontario Canada Are Affected by Tremors CHICAGO Seismologists concurred Tuesday in ascribing sarlh shocks felt in seven midwest states and Canada shortly before midnight to disturbance of gla rial formations in northwest Ohio records in several cities affected by Ihe tremors and at Harvard university disclosed the shocks occurred at p m CST and continued with vary ing intensity for from two to 15 minutes The latest series of tremors were distinctly fell but caused negligible damage in Ohio Indi ana Kentucky Illinois Vir ginia Michigan Wisconsin and Qhtario Canada AS THEY GO STROLLING BY Yes it is all loo familiar lo Ihc landlord who depends ofr a For Rcnl or Sale sign But your offer in the For Rent or Sale Ads in the Want Ads wont be passed by Phone your ad in today and tomorrow they will be strolling in inslead of by Try Ihe Rent Ads and stop trying to rent This Ad Brought FOR rm mod house with bath 1424 N Prcs ave Ph 3841W Phone the Ad Taker at 3800 Runyon Under Heavy Guard Taken to Prison Says Spanish Rebels Took Munitions Carrier in Tow Seaman Relates Story of His Escape From Ship m Bombardment ARCACHON France claring he last saw the shell pounded transatlantic munitions ship Mar Cantabrico in tow of the insurgent warship Canarias Juan Poo a Spanish seaman relat ed Tuesday a dramatic story of escape under bombardment in the Bay of Biscay His story indicated the Mav Cantabrico might not have been sunk and that her 52700000 load of Americanmunitions might have fallen into the hands of the insur gents Poo picked up out of the sea by a French fishing boat after he had leaped from the shelled and burn ing Mar Cantabrico said he be lieved the ships 17 passengers including two Americans and 150 crewnrcn had mostly been taken aboard the Canarias and that all the Spaniards were shot He Leaped Overboard Poo declared he leaped over board with an Italian sailor when he saw the French fishing boat Cameleyre nearby The Italian drowned but he reached the French vessel and was hauled aboard He last saw the Mar Cantabrico being towed slowly by her attack er the Canarias in the direction of the Spanish coast badly dam aged but not in immediate danger of sinking The Canarias reported Monday night to a British destroyer she had sunk the Mar Cantabrico carrying munitions from the United States and Mexico to gov ernment Spain 3 Freighters Three small Spanish insurgent freighters helped the Canarias capture the Mar Cantabrico Poo declared With hold number 2 hit and afire the insurgents sent a board ing party onto the Mar Canta brico They imprisoned the crew Poo related It appeared he said that all of the cargo of the Mar Canta brico including eight United Stales plitncs destined foigovern ment forces might have fallen into insurgent hands The sailor asserted the long con fusion in the identity of the stricken vessel was due partly to the fact that the Mar Cantabrico had painted the name Adda of Newcastle on her side and had taken the Addas radio call let ters But the Canarias discovered the subterfuge and began shelling us as we were heading for San tandcr said Poo Send Out S O S A shell hit us and started a fire in number 2 hold It was then that we sent our S O S using the call letters of the Adda Soon afterward numerous ships came alongside nf us Of ficers from I he Canaiias came aboard to examine us and make a search The crew and passengers were then transported to the Canarias Fearing that I would be killed if I were captured hid myself wtih eight of my comrades and when a French boat passed near by I threw myself overboard and tried to reach it swimming I was lucky I got there All Spaniards Shot I believe all the Spanish citi zens taken aboard the Canarias were shot Poo added that an insurgent pilot came aboard the Mar Can tabrico and took charge of her apparently trying to Ret the ship under her own power so she could make better speed to some Spanish port Of the crew and passengers Poo said there were five Italians and five Mexicans in addition to tie two unnamed American but that all the rest were Spanish Saw Burning Ship The master of the Cameleyre describing his arrival on the scene said he saw the burning vessel which he learned later was the Mar Cantabrico A second and smaller boat was engaged busily in mysterious maneuvers he said Both ships declined help and then he saw the two sailors swim ming the French master con tinued He managed to save Poo Basque authorities meantime said they had no word of the fate of the Mar Cantabrico Liquor Resolve Tabled WATERLOO Black Hawk county board of supervisors tablej for a week a resolution asking the Iowaliquor commis sion to have persons receiving re lief surrcndcrstateiliquor pcrmtis The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Tues day night and Wednesday not so cold in central and northeast portions Tuesday night and in cast portion Wednesday MINNESOTA Generally fail Tuesday night and Wednesday not quite so cold in cast and north portions Tuesday night and in extreme cast Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday 27 Above Minimum in Night 5 Above At 8 A HI Tuesday 7 Above Snowfall Trace After nearly two weeks of balmy weather a blast of chilly wind was sent into North Iowa Monday The mercury dropped to 5 above zero and there was a freezing of country roads which made them almost as difficult for travel as the mud had a few days previously F R WORKS ON 2ND COURT TALK President Wants Speech to Be Clear to Man on theStleet J BULLETIN senate passed and sent to the house Tuesday afternoon lie Copclaml pure food drugs and cosmetics bill There was no record vole Previously senate had rc iccled a substitute bill offered by Senator Moore WASHINGTON Roosevelt worked over his latest speech on the supreme court Tuesdny to point it toward the man on the street Dissatisfied with a rough draft of the address he will broadcasl al oclock he cleared his calendar of all except one of ficial engagement and sal down lo rediclate his arguments in simple language White house aides said he wanted to be sure the man on the street understood his conten tions As the president worked a swirl of labor developments com manded attention In one a lead er of the American Federation of Labor agreed to take counsel with directors of an anliC 1 O move ment among steel workers Labor Groups Clash John P Prey president of the labor federations metal I Hides department said he would go to Pittsburgh to meet employe rep resentatives of the CarnegieIlli nois Steel corporation John L Lewis Committee for Industrial Organization has started a membership d rive among the companys thousands of workers to bring them into an affiliate of his organization which has broken with the A F of L Philip Murray director oC the Lewis campaign said Freys act was another attempt to betray the interest of labor The senate civil liberties com mittee sought in a pile of patched up papers gathered from waste baskets evidence thai the Burns detective agency had used its labor espionage service lo intimi date union leaders and break strikes Information Officials of the agency con tended their secret ngcnls merely were concerned with gathering in formation on union activities in plants to which they were as signed The house foreign affairs com mittee substituted its own neu trality bill for that passed last week by the senate The house bill similar in most provisions to that of the senate gives the presi dent greater discretion in apply ing embargoes on shipments lo belligerent nalions Chairman Jones D Tex ex pressed hope Ihe house agricul ture committee wouid act with in a few days on the farm ten ancy problem Hearings were fin ished two weeks ago Close lo Prevent Epidemic AUDUBON prevent spread ot scarlet fever Auriubon officials closed schools here for two weeks GOV KRASCHEL IN STATE BOARD APPOINTMENTS Wenig Out as Labor Chief Hall Chosen to Board of Education DES MOINES Nel son G Kraschel sent seven ap pointments to state boards and ommissions to the senate Tuesday and announced at the same time that he is attempting to refrain from picking legislators for ap pointive jobs The appointments would oust Frank E Wenig as state labor commissioner and O J Ditto D of Sibley and F P Hageman D of Waverly as state highway com mission members Their terms ex pire July i The senate Tuesday confirmed the appointments of E R Moore R of Cedar Rapids to the stale board of parole and D L Mur row D of Corydon to the state tax board Those selected by Kraschel Tuesday were Hurst and Wendell E H Felton H of Indianola lo succeed himself on the state board of control A A Hurst D of Maquokela and Alvern S Wendell D of Bronson for four year terms on the state highway commission Richard E Plock R of Bur lington W Earl Hall R of Mason City and Thomas W Keenan D of lein on th e of educauonx Milton E Peaco D of Clinton to succeed FrankE Wenig D Spencer as state labor commis sioner Keenan would succeed himself on the board of education while Hall and Ploclc would replace Jo seph H Anderson R of Thomp son and Harry M Ncas R of Sigourncy Gcske Declines Post In announcing that he is at tempting lo refrain from ap pointing legislators lo state boards Kraschel said Senator M X Ges ke D of McGregor has re lieved me of embarrassment by declining all appointment io the highway commission It would be easy to reward legislators with appointments for following your bidding Kraschel said but I donl believe it should be done He said P C Rasmussen D of Council Bluffs had been one of the strongest possibilities for appointment to a municipal judge ship vacancy recently but had withdrawn before the appoint ment was made The senate received the appoint ments in executive session Tues day but could not act on them un til at least one legislative day had passed EDITORIAL INDEIKNDENOE NOT TO BE RELINQUISHED When lie man aging editor learned Tuesday af ternoon of his appointment sub ject to senate confirmation lo the state board of education he recalled the conditions which led him to a departure from the rule which heretofore has precluded an interest in appointments of a political or semipolitical nature When I was approached two weeks ago with the offer ot ap pointment he said I explained to the governor that I treasure my complete editorial indepen dence far more than I would any political office in Iowa appoin tive or elective Whereupon he countered with this forthright as surance Mr Hall you are at com plete liberty to write an editorial against me today or any time you choose Both in your editorial capacity and on llic board 1 would want you always to be free to use your own best judgment without thought of obligation to me At the urgent request of Ihe governor to think it over before turning it down I held the mat ter open for a few days Subse quently prompted by a friend ship and an admiration I went to the governor with the sugges tion that present members of the board be rcappointed and my name forgotten Through it ail the governor has been insislent that a young mans viewpoint is needed on the board It hasnt been and isnt now my idea But I have deferred to his judgment and if my ap pointment is confirmed I shall give to the job the best of my ef forts and ability The state board of education meets rn an average nf one day a month and the compensation is 510 a meeting House Passes FarmMarket Road Measure DES MOINES the Iowa house was in a battling mood Tuesday forces supporting the senate farmtomarket road pro gram pushed quickly through the bill and passed it by a vote of 105 lo 1 The bill as amended by the house would provide annually for farmlomarkel road construction in Iowa of which one half would come from federal funds and onehalf from Ihe slate primary road fund Only major change made by the house was the provision that 4 per cent of the primary road fund be diverted into the secondary road fund Defer Homestead Action Senator Albert Shaw R ot Pocahontas asked the seriate in its morning session to turn down house amendments to the home stead tax relief bill but the cham ber deferred action when other senators explained they wanted to study what the house did to the homestead bill Shnw said his object was lo send the bill immediately to a confer ence committee to iron out dis agreement on minor points The amendment to divert part of Ihe primary road fund for farmtomaiket roads was submit ted by Rep Dcwey E Goode R of Bloomficld Opponents of the amendment pointed out that a bill now on file would divert another foiuper cent from the primary road fund lor the purchase in terslate bridges Sees Baa Precedent Rep Glenn Ciutis D of Cher okee argued it set a bad prece dent Rep Thomas Stimpson D of Amimosa cast the lone dissenting vole when the completed bill was put lo a vole An amendment by Rep C L Rice D ot Delta adopted soon after the house took up the bill would prevent awarding of any contract under the fanntomarket road program to any state official or member of the highway com mission or to any relative within the third degree or lo any firm in which a member or the commis sion is financially interested The house voted also not lo penalize a counly derelict in its maintenance of farmtomarkel road by refusing to permit allot ment of funds for any more pro jects until the counly had repaired the roads House Debate Heated The on the Goodc amendment was heated and the vote was to 45 Repre sentative Rice failed in his effort lo have the amendment reconsid ered Before taking a noon recess the upper house defeated a bill lo regulate lobbying and impose penalties for violations Twentyfour senators voted for the bill and but 20 voted in oppo sition but it failed lo piss for lack of i majority The defeated measure would have required lobbyists to register and file with the secretary of slate their expense accounts for work for or against a legislative pro posal Senator Leo Etthon R of Fertile the author told the as sembly We have to go ori record every time we shouldnt we require lobbyists to go on record also Centennial Celebration The senate also passed a resolu tion authorizing the governor to name a committee of 25 lo plan Iowas territorial centennial next year and then cleared its decks to hear an explanation during the afternoon by Judge James P Gaffney of Williamsburg of his plan Cor the nonpnrtisan clcclion of judges The Iowa house quickly put its stamp of approval on hvo emer gency acls In bolster benefit pro visions of the mortgage morator ium redemption act already passed by both legislative branches While the house was thus act ing the senate decided to defer action for the time being on a bill to use of state liquor commission profits for a stale board of control building pro gram The bill will be taken up by the senate after that branch has disposed of the motor vehicle measure which is scheduled for disposition Wednesday Z Emergency Bills The two emergency bills intro duced by the committee on emer gency legislation passed the lower chamber without a dissenting vole They wore drafted lo extend aid to owners of property who filed applications for rc 1 LOOK INSIDE FOR MRS WALLIS SIMPSON Turns to Seclusion of Wooded French Estate ON PAGE 2 4 Womens Names Are Written in on Vote ON PAGE a Mohawks Often Second Meet Thuisday ON PAGE 9 More ThariOOOOO Made Idle by Strikes ON PAGE 2 2 AUTOLOADS OF OFFICERS WITH KILLER CONVICT Life Sentence Follows Full Confession to Part in Zrostlik Murder Two autoloads of officers armed to the teeth roared away from Mason City soon after day light Tuesday for Fort Madison laking Thomas J Runyon 31 Bethel Minn to the state peni tentiary to begin serving a liie sentence for his part in the slay ing of James Zrostlik Britt farm er Runyon who confessed late Monday at Garner to participating in the Zrostlik slaying was heavily guarded on the Irips from Mason Cily lo Garner Those who took him to Fort Madison over an unannounced route were Hancock County Sheriff Leslie Brower and his deputy Elmer Kallcr and two stale agents Movements Secret Meanwhile aulhorilies whose movements have been surrounded by secrecy In connection with the prosecution ot Runyon were fur nished new clews to the other two members of the bandit trio who shot down Zrostlik In a complete confession Runyon for three hours recited a series of crimes in North Iowa and Southern Minne sota which one officer described as bloodcurdling and lanked Hun yon as Iowa publicenemy No 1 WILEY KNESEL ROBERTSON WIN 1302 Total Vote Cast in School Election Larger Than Expected TABLE ON PAGE 2 Howard L Knesel R E Rob ertson and R E Wiley were elec ted Mnson City school directors in Mondays annual school election Mr Robertson and Mr Wiley were reelected and Mr Knescl chosen to succeed Frank Goodman who was not a candidate The unofficial returns on Die vole for the four candidates in Ihe race was as follows Howard L KnesclSKI9 R Wiley930 R E Dr K F The total vole cast in the elec tion was 1I102 somewhat larger than was anticipated earlier on election day when activity at the polling places was at a standstill a large part of the jime There was evidently a large influx of voters the last few hours before the polls closed The vole compares with 1760 cast a year ago when there was considerable activity connected with the campaign and six candi dates in the race for two positions The board will meet next Mon day to organize for the coming year guarded carefully by officeis bui were understood to furnish with extensive clews It was also believed that the confession Held PICTURE AND STORY A picture of Thomas J Run von and Paul Gruber the state agent who arrested him in Wichita Kans will be found on page 2 and a story of James Zrosllik murdered Britt farmer on page 9 Get Prison Terms in Black Legion Plot DETROIT men were sentenced Tuesday to prison terms of one lo five years each toe a black legion plot to kill Arthur L Kingsley newspaper publisher of Highland Park demption extension outside of re gular court terms Contending many of those applications had been invilidly handled mortgage holders where foreclosure had been started were asking for deeds the house was told The first emergency bill an amendment to the redemption measure defined the jurisdiction of district judges in these matters as valid whether in or out of re gular terms of court II passed KG to 22 The second a separate bill legalized such redemption exlen sions ns have been granted out of term by various judges of the state information on a series of North Iowa bank robberies as well as the Zrosllik slaying and other crimes Enters Guilty Pica District Judge Henry Graven sentenced the boyish looking gangster afler Runyon pleaded guilty to n charge of participating in the killing Heavily armed deputies and patrolmen guarded the court room The show oC force recalled statements of prosecutors last Saturday that they feared a gang land invasion lo shoot Runyons way lo freedom or kill him be cause he might talk loo much After he had passed sentence Judge Graven said he had dealt lightly with Hunyon because he prisoner promised he would Icll all he knows concerning Ihr j killers who operated in southern Minnesota and northern Iowa Kunynns Baby Cries Heavily shackled Runyon ap peared calm in the courtroom as his 4 months old baby cried tret fuliy and Zroslliks widow sobbed during witness testimony at the short hearing Officers said Runyon signed a confession Monday afternoon Immediately following the sen tence he was closeted with au thorities Captured in Wichita Kans a week ago Sunday by Stale Agent Paul Giuber Runyon is Ihe first of three highwaymen who shot and killed the young farmer as he his wife and baby were on their way lo an early morning mass Nov 2 1935 tn be sentenced The two other suspects slill are at large After Hunyons capture Gruber announced that Robert Mnrciuarri and Claire Gibson are the other two suspects wanted for killing without warning Zrostlik when lin stopped to help them after they wrecked n stolen car near Britt Spends Ninlil Here Runyon was brought lo Mason City Monday afternoon then re turned to Garner to complete a formality in the sentencing Final ly he was brought lo the Cerro Gordo jail lo spend Ihe night Hancock Counly Attorney W D Daly said the three hour confes sion the prisoner made following sentence revealed for the first time events of sensational nature Tears welled from Mrs Zrost liks eyes when she told how the Irio shol her husband without warning dragged him on to the pavement jerked her and her baby from the automobile and fled in the Zrosllik car as her hus band lay dying While Ihe slain mans wirtmv sobbed out her story Runyonr young wife left Ihc courtroom ;