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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 8, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL U Associated Proa and United Press Full Leucd Wires Five Cents Copyi MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 8 1845 This Paper Conjists or Two SecUonsSccUon One MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS INSIDE WASHINGTON Son Francisco Meeting Certain to Be Success Central Press Capital Staff Washington The muchher alded United Nations meeting in San Francisco in April will be a it must be But dont expect 100 per cent approv al of conference actions by all 44 nations involved Many countries particularly the subtler ones have peace interests contrary to the preliminary pro posals made by the Four Nations at Dumbarton Oaks But because the league of Nations did not work the larger nations are unwilling to be encumbered with an organization of that kind this time So at the insistence of the big countries the future peace of the world will lie largely in the hands of the United States Russia and Great France and China The smaller countries however are expected to fight for alarger representation at whatever Inter nationa peace table is decided upon Latin America especially feels that it must have some way of protecting itself against eco nomic pressures which might arise as the big powers battle for South American business after the war There is a belief in Washington that the final answer will be found in a compromise Military minds are agreed that the war against Germany will be prolonged by bitter Nazi guerrilla fighting in the thickly wooded mountain section of the southern Reich Calls on the German peo ple by their leaders for a last ditch fighthave been accompa nied by lavish preparations to 2 ward this end S Authoritative reports from Stockholm and Switzerland relate ithat biz underereBud have been eonsfiietedr to carry ron the fight and that mountain hide aways are being prepared in Austria for the Nazi leaders This all adds up tobitter fighting against the Allies afier the prin cipal German cities fall Most Washington feuds are be tween individuals but the Sen ate is offering a new one these days This is a tattle between the Commerce committee and the In terstate Commerce committee of the upper house Both want to handle legislation on postwar civilian aviation The Interstate Commerce com mittee has before it a comprehen sive bill on this subject which the Commerce committee would like to wrest from the others posses sion The Senate will have to de cide which group will have juris diction Dr Herman Baruch newly ap pointed ambassador to Portugal was discovered wandering around the halls of the state department and darting into individual door ways recently What he was look ing for was advice on Portuguese as it is spoken in Portugal Before leaving for Brazil as economic advisor for the old Board of Economic Warfare more than a ytar ago Dr Baruch had mas tered Portuguese with the aid of a Brazilian tutor But Brazilian Portuguese is no passport to the affections of the European Por tuguese although It is a must in Rio de Janeiro Finally the state department recommended a tutor who could change Dr Baruchs Brazilian ac cents acceptable to Lisbon The latest lendlease report al most failed to get a publication release in time to catch afternoon papers for which it was intended Because Mr Roosevelt was out of the country at the time there was a mixiip on the way the story was released to the press with the result that only a frantic lastminute call by press associa tion editors to FEA headquarters got permission for publication on lime Rescue 25 Soldiers From Flood Watejrs Cotton Plant Ark of the approximately 25soldiers and 2 civilians were rescued early Thursday from the Hoodswollen White river aftertheir assault boat capsized while on emergency levee repair work The exact number involved in the accident was not stated in the brief radio report to the U s en gineers office The message stated merely that all the men had been rescued Buy your War Bonds and SUmps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy CROSSES RHINE Claim Reds Push 25 Miles FromBerlin SecuresTirnTFooting OUTFLANK FORT OF KUESTRIN REACH MOW Transocean Broadcast Reports Russians on West Bank of Oder London The Russians have driven to within 25 miles of Ber lins city limits outflanking the fortress of Kuestrin and reaching Seelow on the west side of the Oder a Transocean broadcast from the German capital said Thursday Heavy attacks are faking place at Niederwutzen 4 miles south west of Zenden In a loop of the Oder river CoL Ernst Von Ham mer said in a Berlin broadcast and the Russians have made Z breaches in the defenses of the fortress of Kuestrin to the south east Fighting was reported flaming along a 125mile front along the Oder from Stettin bay to Crossen following a terrific artillery bar rage that began 48 hours ago The enemy said the focal point of the attack was on both sides of Kue strin 39 miles east of Berlin with the Russians battering at the northwestern eastern and south ern sides of the fortress To the northeast the Germans said the Russians have invaded the old Danzig free state and smashed to within 19 miles of Moscow Jiad not officially voa flrmed German announcements of tbPigdBrest phase of Marshal Stalins eastern offensive toward Berlin but cor respondents in the soviet capital were permitted to hint that the German broadcasts were true Zlmkov who drove to the Oder in the first phase has been pre paring his forces for the grand assault for more than a month while Marshal Ivan Konev on the south pushed abreast to the Neisse river and other forces brought the northern flank up to the Baltic and the lower Cider The latter wing also was de veloping a front which threatened to place Stettin Berlins chief port under attack from south east and north The Germans said the Russians had used boats to Lake and were only miles south of Stettin cross Madue 11 or 12 were un The Russians Wednesday night announced advances to places within 13 miles northeast of Stet tin Farther north they had pushed even closer After capturing Step enitz Gollnow and Massow they reached the narrow canalized sec tion of the Oder linking Damm scher lake and Stettin bay Stettin is built on the west side of Dammscher lake and a cross ing of the Oder below that barrier would cut Stettin off from the bay Already Poelitz 6 miles north of Stettin on the main rail way linking the city with the bay was under lire from Russian guns Beflm reported that the Rus sians had invaded Wollin first of the stepping stone islands sepa rating the bay from the Baltic sea Moscow dispatches said re connaissance patrols were be Ueved to have reached the island and that preparations derway to storm it Scores of cleanup battles were being taught eastward along the Baltic where up to 2000DO Ger mans have been encircled in Ponterania Danzig and the old Polish corridor and Berlin said there was a Vterrific bloodletting in these fights Moscow dispatches said the remnants of half a dozen German divisions were cornered in by passed Koiberg on the Baltic Ber lin said the Russianshad broken into the city Polishborn Marshal Konstan tin Rokossovsky was reported from Moscow to have reached po sitions about 19 miles southwest of Danzig The boom of German funs defending Skarszewy only 3 miles from the frontier of the oid Danzig free state presumably could be heard in Danzig TRADE AGREEMENTS London trade nego tiations with Switzerland intend ed to prevent supplies from get ting into Germany and nazi loot from moving out through Switz erland have ended in complete agreement with some concessions on both sides the Swiss radio said Tuesday Strike Jap snipping m China Sea Manila S troops vir tually cleared Batangas peninsula in southwestern Luzon Thursday as American warplanes sharply increased the offensive against Formosa and Japanese shipping in the China Sea Seventeen enemy vessels in cluding 2 warships were sunk or damaged in the mounting aerial campaign from the Philippines A communique said the offensive was aimed at the sterilization of Formosa and the Interdiction of Japans shipping lanes through the China Sea The heavy aerial blows to the west came as elements of the llth airborne division and the 158th in fantry regiment pushed through Batangas peninsula to the south west coast of Luzon Advancing with apparently lit tle opposition the troops cap tured Balayan on the northwest ern vshore of Balayan bay and Calatagan miles to the south west in the China Sea coast The drive carried the Ameri can forces within 4 miles of Cape Santiago atthe tip of the penin sula across Verde passage from the north shore of Mindoro While the main forces of Lt Gen Walter Kruegers 6th army were regrouping for an allout as sault against the Japanese on Lu zon heavy artillery continued to pound the principal enemy lines east of Manila The guns were concentrated along the entire 10 mile Kobayashi line from to Antipole 11 miles northeast of Manila and the eommimiqae7 theAmerican Hie has noticeably redneed en emr artillery and rocket lire Demolition teams of the first cavalry and 6th infantry divisions also were working extensively through the area and sealed 19 Japanese caves with dynamite charges Other American troops of the 38th and 43rd divisions meantime were completing the combing of the Zambales mountain range north of Bataan peninsula for Japanese stragglers The heaviest foil of enemy ship ping was taken in assaults on For mosa 225 miles off the northeast ern tip of Luzon and the sur rounding areas by Mitchell me dium bombers and army fighters The communiqueJisted 9 Japa nese ships including a Corvette sunk or severely damaged in the Formosa sector In addition a small freighter was set afire and 2 enemy down transport planes shot ELAS Demonstrations Cause Two Clashes Death in Athens Streets By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Greek army announced Thursday that one rnari was killed and 4 others were wounded in the streets of Athens Wednesday in 2 clashes precipitated by ELAS demonstrations The announcement broadcast by the Athens radio said that ELAS groups had been marching and singing hymns of a political character despite official bans In the first instance the police intervened after unidentified per sons clashed with ELAS demon strators and in the 2nd outbreak a police officer fired on the dem onstrators when they failed to disband the broadcast said The British radio said the EAM the political organization of which the ELAS is the military division had charged that the Greek gov ernment was violating the agree ment which ended the countrys civil war VVeather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly fair some what warmer Thursday night and Friday Lowest Thursday night about 22 Iowa Fair and warmer Thursday night and Friday Minnesota Fair Thursday night and Friday warmer Thursday night except extreme southwest mild temperatures Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Wednesday 26 Minimum Wednesday 9 At 8 a m Thursday 12 YEAR AGO Maximum js Minimum 2 Precipitation 03 REFUGEES FLEE CONTINUED RISE OF OHIO RIVER War Production Halted Transportation Virtually at Standstill By UNITED PRESS Rainswollen tributaries poured into the twisting Ohio river Thursday threatening to engulf downriver communities and lore ing an everincreasing torrent of refugees to flee their homes The swirline debrisladen wa ters rose rapidly below Cincinnati and as f ar west as Cairo 111 with the crest expected in southern In diana and Kentucky during the weekend A 47foot 18 feet above flood stage already was registered at Louisville Farther up the river level ap peared to have reached its peak The rain had ceased and there was no appreciable rise after mid night In all more than 30000 fami lies were at the mercy of the sul len Ohio river on its worst ram page in 8 years The death toll had climbed to at least 9 in 6 states and war production was halted in many mines mills and factories through out the devastated area From the air the flooded val ley presented a grotesque picture ot life at a standstill Entire com munities were under water Hun dreds freight ears stood idle Cemeteries were watery wastes with a few gravestones stocking up here and there All but one railroad had ceased passenger service to Louisville where merchants moved then stocks upstairs to escape the wat er spilling Into the citys lower business district Some 1800 fam ilies were evacuated from the area and others prepared lo flee momentarily A 475 crest was predicted bv noon Thursday Across the river Jeffersonville Ind residents added more sand bags to their 46foot floodwall officials issued orders for evacuation however in the face of an anticipated 47foot crest by nightfall Highest levels were predicted throughout lower Indiana and Il to linois but were not expected corn iM7 rthVecord heShs of the 1937 disaster From a production standpoint iyansville Ind was hardest hit Shipyards released 13 000 work ers who were unable to reach theirjobs The river rose to 46 feet less than 5 below the 1937 level The picture statebystate thousand fam ilies fled their home in the path of overflows from the Ohio and Wabash rivers and Tobinsport were completely isolated Aurora was threefourths under water Flood levels at Jef fersonville and Evansville reached 46 feet stood in the streets of a dozen waterfront towns At least 14000 persons had been evacuated Low sections of the Cincinnati waterfront and indus trial district were covered Ports mouth residents held back the water with sandbags after it topped the citys 62 foot fl6od wall Marietta was almost plctelyinundated service almost suspended to Louisville where 1 800 families moved to higher ground A 475 foot level was predicted Thursday Some 3000 families were expected to be evac uated as the crest moved down river War plants forced to shut down included B F Goodrich synthetic rubber plant National Carbide Corp CurtissWright as sembly plant and others at Louis ville West Virginia Approximately 5000 war workers kept from their gobs Point Pleasant Parkers burg and New Martinsville par tially under water Highway traf fic stopped south and west of Wheeling Evacuation underway at Greenbriar Pennsylvania Some 25000 mine mill and shipyards workers idled Flood apparently reached its height Waters at Pittsburgh stood 8 feet above flood stage 53 foot crest pre dicted at Cairo at the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi riv ers The city was considered safe however behind its new 60 foot wall Cold water and Yazoo rivers receding Against Stunned Nazis On East Bank of River WAR DAMAGE NEAR COLOGNE CATHEDRAL The famous Cologne cathedial background towers over a scene of destruction in this street scene in the war ravaged German city on the Rhine Note tanks and bat jered buddings in foreground AP Italian Mob Storms Clinic for Fascist War Criminal Dispersed by Gun Battle Rome mob stormed a military clinic in attempt to reach Gen Francesco Jacomini fascist war criminal wns rlicmprcprl Casualties Total 823632 for War V Washington IP Army and navy combat casualties since the beginning of the have reached a total of 823632 the 2 services disclosed Thursday Secretary of War Stimson re ported army casualties of 732922 on the basis of individual names compiled in Washington through February 23 The latest navy cas ualty figure is 90710 The overall total represents an increase of 10600 over last weeks figure The army accounted for all except 373 of the rise A breakdown on army casualties adn Corresponding figures for last 142285 and 140360 438734 and 430757 prisoners 60666 and 60535 miss ing 91237 and 91037 Stimson said that 221155 of the wounded or more than half have returned to duty A breakdown for the navy Killed 34513 and 34283 wounded 41209 and 40904pris oners 4317 and 4476 missing 10 671 and 10674 week Killed xvounded Punjabis Break Into Mandalay Kandy Ceylon troops of the ISthIndian division have broken intoMandalay Bur mas 2nd largest city it was an nounced Thursday but was dispersed after a gun battle Police were investigating Thursday to determine whether the crowd was trying to lynch comini or help him to escape It was from the same clinic that Gen Mario Roatta another major Italian war criminal escaped Sun day night The riot began as a demonstra tion in front of the clinic but carabinieri intervened when the crowd surged toward the build ing Shots Here exchanged Jacomini was about to be trans ferred from the clinic to Regina Coeli jail He was a former gov ernor of Albania and one of the plotters of the Italian attack on Greece Albania has asked that he be turned over to her for trial as a war criminal The new outbreak of violence came as the Bonomi government appeared to be weathering the political crisis touched off by Roattas escape and fatal riots outside Crown Prince Umbertos palace The cabinet met for 11 hours Wednesday in Viminale palace and decided on more stringent measures against suspected war criminals and other fascists A special committee was ap pointed to prosecute fascists All fascist leaders who menace the Italian social order will be put in concentration camps it was an nounced Press Correspondent Wright reported from United McQuown uu the Burma front that Indians had plunged a spearhead into Manda lay Armored and infantry forces were moving in on the city against dwindling Japanese resistance There were indications that the Japanese did not intend to make a determined defense of Manda lay the 2nd richest prize in Burma A southeast Asia communique also disclosed that Chinese troops moving down the Burma road to ward Mandalay from the north east completely cleared the town of New Lashio Wednesday alter capturing old Lashio and its air field The new town Is two miles south of old Lashio and capture of both places gave Chinese com plete control of the rail and road heads leading to the east and south In clearing the two towns the Chinese moved within 33 miles of Hsipaw a junction point on the only allweather road still re maining open to the Japanese forces in the Mandalay sector The drive by Indian troops to the northern outskirts of Manda Jay was a 40mile advance along the eastern bank of the Irrawaddy from the Sinm bridgehead the first across the river Other allied forces at the same time were moving in from the west on both sides of the Irra waddy where it makes a sharp turn westward from Mandalay Another allied column paced by American Sherman tanks al ready had cut Mandalays supply and communication lines with a surprise strike across centra Burma 80 miles south of Manda lay Bay your War Bonds antl Stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier boy Jlie American 1st army crossed the Rhine south of Cologne Wednesday night and secured a firm foot ing Thursday on the east bank of the great German barrier stream Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges poured more and more infantrymen across the river after his sudden and sensational crossing m darkness The exact location of the bridgehead over the quarter milewide river was shrouded by military censorship because the Germans obviously did not knoiv the exact situation The crossingstartedat p m Wednesday In the hours since then a steady stream of men and materiel have pouring on to the eastern bank and movingforward in a drive to get the bridgehead out of range of enemy artil lery Cologne is in about the same latitude as Newfoundland and the days at this season are ex tremely short During the first 24 hours there N was littleartillery or mortar fire on the bridgehead indicating the enemy was in utter contusion when he fled back across the river from the ashes of Colognebefore Hodges hard driving divisions Gen Eisenhower was known from the start of the current cam paign to want a bridgehead across the Rhine as quickly as possible because he felt that a crossing would shorten the war in Europe Yanks Caught Nazi Troops Unprepared By DON WHITEHEAD With U s First Army on the Rhine Gen Courtney H Hodges poured infantry across the Rhine Thursday in a sudden and sensational crossing of the great river barrier begun Wednesday night Security forbade disclosing ex act location of the bridgehead but substantial forces have been throun across the river south of Cologne and the doughboys have a firm footing on theeast bank The crossing was announced just 2 days atter first army troops captured the great Rhineland city of Cologne and 13 days after his offensive across the Roer river The Rhine crossing it can be disclosed was made with such suddenness that the enemy was caught unprepared and there was ght opposition Hodges seized the opportunity for establishing a bridgehead with no delay and threw in troops quickly while the Germans were still disorganized from the swift American smash across the Co logne plains and Eifel mountains News of the Rhine crossing swept through the army from di vision to division and down through the ranks to the dough boys in the front lines It brought grins to their whiskered faces and cheered everyone in the army If we can hold that bridgehead it means the war is months nearer an end said U Cot Robert Evans of Davenport Iowa This sentiment was echoed by many soldiers who had looked on the Rhine as one of the greatest obstacles to be faced by the army since the beaches of Normandy The first crossing was made al p m Wednesday and in the hours since a steady stream of men and material has poured over on to the eastern bank and moved forward in a drive to get enemy artillery out of the range of the crossing site During the first 24 hours there has been very little artillery or mortar fire on the bridgehead in dicating complete confusion of en emy forces as they fled back across the river bclorc Hodges driving divisions Yanks Continue Gains Despite Nazi Attacks on Italian Positions Rome ff The 17 S 10th mountain division made local improvements Wednesday de spite German attacks on its new ly won positions west of the Bologna Pistoia highway on the 5th army Italian front allied headquarters announced Thurs day The rugged American division is consolidating a 5 mile advance through rough terrain and heavy nazi artillery maehinegun and mortar fire Several dominating peaks within 20 miles of Bologna were captured in the drive which headquarters Wednesday termed a most successful limited objec tive attack In new overnight gains 5th army troops seized positions at 3 small villages northeast of the BolognaPistoia road town of Vcr gato a German slronghftld which has held out months against al lied attacks and is now virtually enflankcd The gains east of the highway were made against what the com munique said was light resist ance suggesting the possibility the nazis may have decided to give up Vcrgato by weeks The swift crossing gave the Germans no t i m e to reorganize ranks or improvise defenses east of the Rhine beyond the shat tered debris of the Siegfried line It constituted Hundstedts greatest defeat the landings in Normandy Strangely the Germans who customarily have announced transcendent military develop ments before either the western or eastern allies still were silent about the Rhine crossing The fact that supreme head quarters used the word bridge head in announcing the crossing indicated that Hodges infantry had secured a good solid grip In military parlance a bridgehead is established only after it has been expanded sufficiently for the crossing to bo out of direct short range fire First army infantrymen spanned the quarter mil eivide river against rather light opposition be fore the startled Germans could irasp what had happened AP Correspondent W e s Gallagher said The surprise announcement was passed by censors at Thurs day night after Z4 hours of se curity blackout used while events of great importance are shaping Other units of the first army captured half of the Rhine uni versity city of Bonn 101000 and half of nearby Bad Godesberg where Hitler 6 years ago humbled the late Neville Chamberlain be fore Munich The Germans said the first army was within 17 miles of forming with the third army near Coblenz a trap on perhaps 50000 Germans caught west the middle Rhine In the Wesel area north of the Ruhr capital Duesseldorf the Canadian first army launched 2 dawn attacks against the40square mile packet where 20000 German troops last were reported fighting resolutely The 3rd army breakthrough left the German 7th army and the tag end of the 15th army shattered in one of the most complete defeats the enemy yet has suffered in the west Some German divisions still were trying to fight it out along the Kyll river Perhaps those were not yet aware that their supply lines were broken and their es cape routes cut Just north of the 4th armored divisions corridor o the Rhine the llth armored division also smashed the German lines and raced halfway from the Kyll to Infantry was pouring down both corridors as fast as trucks could carry them The mop up proceeded swiftly Tanks and selfpropelled guns were moving too fast to bother with the thousands of uncounted prisoners or the booty American tanks raced on past great aban doned German supply dumps and smouldering ruins of nazi armor and trucks And down the road o the west motley columns of German sol diers and liberated foreign sUve laborers the soldiers to cages the laborers to freedom at ilasL r ;