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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 7, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS I HOME EDITION iiiiiir VOL LIU Associated Prets and United Press Full Leased Wiru Five Cents Copy I MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 7 1947 This Paper Consist ot Two One No TRUMAN GALLS MEETING ON GREECE Lewis Has No Suggestions to Prevent Another Walkout SENATOR TAFT EXPECTS COAL STRIKE JULY 1 UMW Chief Says Union Operators Can Settle Miners Differences Washington L Lewis told the senate labor committee Friday that he has no suggestions at this time on how to prevent another nationwide coal strike The United Mine Workers lead er made that statement in answer to a question by Chairman Taft Lewis suggested to the committee that the miners differ ences with coal operators could be settled if the government would cease using a blackjack After Lewis completed his tes timony Taft told reporters the next coal strike apparently will occur July 1 He said he based this opinion on Lewis reply to a question whether the mine leader thinks the SmithConnally act will ex pire April 1 or July 1 This is the act under which the government seized possession of the coal mines Taft said he asked the question because I wanted to know when the next strike would come He Lewis said he thought it ex pired July 1 So apparently it the strike is not going to be April 1 but July 1 President Truman recently an nounced the SmithConnally act will expire June 30 This means thatthe coal mines return to the private owners July 1 unless con gress passes some form of legisla tion that will permit the govern ment to continue operating them Tafts reference to April 1 evi dently was an allusion to Lewis instructions to his miners last December to return to work through March 31 Until Thurs days supreme court decision there had been wide expectation that Lewis might call another mine shutdown April 1 In another to Tafts query whether he has any suggestions for preventing a miners strike Lewis said No I dont Thats a matter of litigation before the court I doubt if I can make any contribution at this time The mine leader referred to an action pending in federalcourt as to whether he has the right to terminate his unions contract with the government which has been operating the mines Taft asked what would happen to the mines and production when the government relinquishes con trol of the pits June 30 I dont have the answer to that senator Lewis replied because I dont have power of attorney He did not elaborate although presumably he meant he lacks au thority to speak for the miners without specific instructions Lewis said the coal operators are very happy with things as they are He said they are clear 45 cents a ton after all charges Thats about prof its each a day each operating day he said In addition they charge off an other million a day That makes it extremely profitable He said the miners only want to share in the profits Lewis said the effect of recent intrusion of government has been to arrest collective bargaining in the coal industry Grocery Qiain Asks Patrons Not to Buy HighPriced Pork Cuts New York Grand Un ion Grocery chain posted the fol lowing notice Friday in their 325 stores As a protest against high live and wholesale pork prices we sug gest you buy other meat products A spokesman for the firm said the customers can get much more for their money by buying other meats He added that meat jobbers and wholesalers approved of the cam paign I One a Jamai ca Plain fashion designer has cre ated a hat valued at whose main feature is that a diamond and emerald necklace weighing 476 carats may be detached from the silverblue mink pelts and worn separately 4Yolk Egg Shown Murphysboro 111 4 yolk of them an exhibit at the Sam Bizzell home here Court Verdict Brings Peace in Coal Pits Washington supreme court slapdown of John L Lewis appeared certain Friday to pre serve peace in the coal fields this spring In all probability the miners will stick to their jobs at least un til July 1 when the soft coal op erators are due to regain the fed erally held pits Taking advantage of this rqs Pite the government is expected to redouble efforts to get Lewis United Mine Workers and the op erators into wage negotiations in the hope the midsummer trans fer will not bring another shut down The prime consideration is thai the precedentmaking coal strike though Lewis and his union stand convicted of contempl not yet out of the courts It is on this fact the likelihood rests that the 400000 AFL miners will keep on digging coal for the next months Lewis genial yet distant would not reveal his plans at once His lawyers could seek a rehearing The supreme court seldom grants one But the tribunals 7 to 2 decision definitely blocks any strike action until the case completes one more Tax Deduction Washington UPJ John L Lewis probably wont be able to deduct his contempt fine from his income tax return tax officials said Friday Officials of the internal revenue bureau said however Lewis might seek tax deduction on the grounds the fine was a business expense since he was not charged per sonally with committing a crime but was acting in behalf of his coal diggers major phase Federal Judge T Alan Goldsborough who handed down the original contempt ruling affirmed by the high court still must hold trial on the central issue Did Lewis have the right to break off his contract with the overnment last November there by precipitating the 17day strike So far the court has merely up held Judge Goldsboroughs use of an injunction to break the strike pending trial and affirmed Golds boroughs guilty verdict against Lewis the high court union persisted in a policy of defiance This policy the court ruled was the gerrn center of an eco nomic paralysis which was rapid iy extending itself from the bi iuminous coal mines into prac tically every other major industry of the United States The decision spiked the prospect of another such stoppage on March 31 the deadline set by Lewis on ordering his men back to work last Dec 7 after the lower court found lim guilty towan Wants to Open School for Bartenders Des Moines least one man in Iowa is looking ahead to he time when the legislature may egalize liquor by the drink Secretary of State Hollo Berge son said Thursday he had received a letter signed by G J Kleiman of Cedar Rapids Iowa who wanted to know whether he would need a state license to start a school to teach the art of mixing fancy drinks If the legislature author zes liquor by the drink bartend ers will be in great demand the etter explains TREASURYFUND SLASH IS VOTED BY HOUSE BODY Appropriations Group Also Reduces Request for Postoffice Spending Washington house ap propriations committee Jaegan ap plication of the republican prom ised economy in government Fri day by slashing J from the treas urys requested operating funds for fiscal 1948 However the committee chopped barely 1 per cent from the post office departments request for funds which were covered in the same first of a series of appropriation bills The treasury reduction was made despite a warning from Treasury Secretary John W Sny der that the amount asked was rock bottom and any further cut would result in a greater loss to the government and to the coun try than the amount saved The committee recommended or less than the treasury had asked for regular operations In addition the committee ap proved for various fixed appropriations which was not subject to cuts such as public debt interest and the social secur ity funds The committee recommended for the postoffice a reduction of from the departments request SnydeE agfeaxance at committee hearings on the appro priation bill lashed out at GOP tax reduction plans by saying that every penny of money saved should be applied to debt reduc tion The committee in a report ac companying its bill was looking forward to some tax reduction It explained it was cutting funds for the internal revenue bureau be cause it anticipated a reduction in the number of taxpayers as a re sult of expected congressional ac tion in reducing taxes The largest cut by the commit tee was from the in ternal revenue bureau Of this represented funds asked for tax collection re funds The treasurypost office appro priation measure was the 2nd sup ply bill reported out by the com mittee so far this year The first bill a deficiency bill was designed to meet deficiencies in funds of the veterans administration and other agencies for the rest of the current fiscal year was cut by al most 40 per cent It was so ap proved by the house and is now awaiting final action of the senate owas Oldest C6Op Plans Annual Meeting at Rockwell Saturday oldest coopera tive doing business in Iowa the farmers CoOperative Society of Rockwell will hold its annual meeting Saturday in the I O O F hall It was organized in 1889 Total sales of for 1946 were reported Friday by Mana ger E J Campbell in announcing he meeting at which 3 directors are to be elected Gross savings were he reported President Frank Sturges will be n charge of the meeting Lock Photo FIRE DESTROYS PAINT truck owned by the Water Tower Paint company Clear Lake was destroyed by fire about a m Friday 4 miles east and half a mile south from Mason City on Highway 18 LaVerle Jones Jr 19 Clear Lake who was driving the truck said he first noticed the fire through the rear vision mirror when he slowed up for a corner Traffic was rerouted by the highway patrol for 2 hours while the truck loaded with 5 gallon cans of paint burned The loss was estimated at Left to right in the picture are LaVerle Jones Sr Clear Lake Sgt Robert Reese of the highway patrol and LaVerle Jones Jr driver of the truck REPORT BUDGET CUT COMPROMISE Conference Tentatively OKS Washington fP Republican committee members were reported Friday to have agreed tentatively to compromise at the senatehouse differences over how big a cut to promise in President Trumans Budget Meeting secretly and apart from their democratic colleagues the GOP leaders were said to have decided to support a pledge to lold government spending to for the year be ginning next July 1 instead of the President Truman This would represent a half way compromise between the 000000000 cut approved by the house and the slice voted by the senate The agreement among the re publicans however apparently was contingent upon their being able to work out some sort of ar rangement on 2 other controver sial points One of these involves a senate stipulation that at least 100000 of any surplus govern ment revenues must be applied to he national debt An amendment by Senator Wherry R Nebr to channel all revenues from surplus war prop erty sales into debt payments was said by some conferees to present fewer difficulties in the way of a compromise See Activity Slump Unless Cost of Living Drops Washington bureau of agricultural economics predicted Friday business activity will fall off 5 to 10 per cent in the last half of 1947 unless there is a quick drop in the cost of living It said the setback would lead to a cut of 8 to 12 per cent in ncome payments to individuals in the 2nd 6 months of the year orce wholesale food prices down 15 to 20 per cent and lop possibly 10 to 25 per cent off what Farmer expects to get for his crops his fall An immediate drop in the cost of living and consumer durable oods would improve the outlook he bureau added by causing real ncome of wage and salary earn ers to rise to a level consistent with a continued high level of jusiress activity But it said Such a flexibility in the price structure has barely been ob served The trend was still the other way in a price report issued Thursday night by another gov agency the bureau of labor statistics Its index of commodity prices in wholesale markets rose 15 per cent during the week ended March 1 to the highest level since 1920 The index stood at 1464 per cent of the 1926 base period up 43 per cent in a month and 36 per cent in the last year Food prices averaged 31 higher during the week and 552 per cent higher than the year before The bureau of agricultural eco nomics said in effect that price advances are outstripping con sumer buying lv of salary and wage earners Study Labor Problems Washington war and labor departments will hold a con ference March 1720 on labor problems in Japan and in the American occupation zones off Germany Austria and Korea Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with little changein temperature Lowest Friday night about 20 to 24 Iowa Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Little change in temperature Low Friday night ranging from 22 in the north to 25 in the south High Saturday 35 to 40 Iowa 5 Day Outlook The mean tearnperature will average 3 to 5 degrees above normal The state normal is 31 degrees Warmer Sunday becoming cold er about Tuesday Precipitation will average less than inch occurring as light scattered snow Saturday and snow flurries Tuesday or Wednesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy with a few snow flurries northeast Fri day night Little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 35 Minimum 21 At 8 a m Friday 26 YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 25 AFL Unions Decide to Delay Western Union Strike Notice Await Outcome of Talk With Company Monday on Wage Hike Demands Washington unions claiming to represent 50000 West ern Union employes decided Fri day to delay filing 30day strike notices pending outcome of a meeting with the company next Monday in New York J A Payne chairman of the AFL telegraph industry bargain ing committee told a reporter the unions wanted to learn the com panys attitude If the company wants a strike theyll get it Payne said Were employing every peaceful means to avoid a strike The unions previously indicated the strike notices might be filed Friday with the labor department thus raising the threat of nation wide walkouts telephone and tries April 7 in both telegraph indus The National Federation of Tel ephone Workers already had fixed April 7 as walkout day for 200000 traffic and equipment workers un less some agreement is reached on wage increases and other de mands The Western Union strike threat arose after the company submit ted to the unions its idea of what should be discussed at contract negotiations beginning in New York next Monday A national bargaining commit tee representing the 3 AFL unions which represent the employes called the companys program an infamous document in a tele gram Thursday to President J L Egan of Western Union They said it would remove from bargaining most nonwage gains won since 1939 including prem ium pay for Saturday and Sun Youth KiUed 3 Hurt In Iowa Auto Accident Silver City Duane C Stewart 18 was killed and 3 companions hospitalized early Friday when the car in which they were riding driven by James Ha fer 24 plunged into a creek east of Mineola Iowa Sheriff Robert Moore of Mills county said Hafer apparently lost control of the car Donald and Max Mills along with Hafer were taken to a Council Bluffs hospital Wil lard Jones 22 another occupant was taken to his home at Silver City where the other youths also reside The youths were returning from a basketball tournament at Glen wood at the time of the accident Stuart is survived by his parents and a sister SAME Black flar traffle death ID day work maintenance of union membership and the union dues checkoff The AFL unions speak for West ern Union employes throughout thenation except inmetropolitan New York where 7000 workers are represented by the CIOAmer ican Communications association MARSH ALL JS IN GERMANY Stops in Berlin for Brief Conferences Berlin of State Marshall reached Berlin Friday for conferences with officials of the American military govern ment preliminary to departure for the foreign ministers meeting in Moscow A flight of 2 hours 45 minutes brought Marshall from Paris where he placed a wreath upon the French unknown soldiers tomb as a climax to 36 hours in the French capital The sky was so murky that Marshalls pilot made an instru ment landing here and weather conditions were expected to dic tate the time of departure for Moscow Gens Joseph T McNarney and Lucius D Clay joined Ambassador Robert D Murphy in greeting the secretary They had available the latest information on friction among the powers occupying Ger many This has resulted in a prac tical stalemate in the control council on fundamental questions of Germanys future The actress Eleanpra Duse was carried to her christening in a gilt theatrical property box She began her acting career at the age of 4 See Congress Approval for Rent Increase Washington ff Senator Hawkes RN J predicted Friday that congress will ap prove a flat increase in rent 15 per despite reports that the senate banking committee has turned thumbs down on any acrossthe board boost When this finally reaches us for action I think there will be a flat increase of 15 per cent over rent ceilings of Sept 1 1946 Hawkes told a reporter The New Jersey lawmaker thus echoed a forecast voiced earlier this week by Senator Buck R chairman of the banking subcommittee which itself voted for a 10 per cent hike Buck said he believed the general sentiment outside the committee was in favor of a larger increase In any event all parties to the argument agreed that no final de cision is likely this month because legislation cannot start through leaders change their sometime in April Meanwhile Chairman Tobey K N H tried to keep a mantle of secrecy over what the senate banking committee did Thursday when it sent the 10 per cent bill back to Bucks subcommittee That measure originally ap proved by a 3 to 2 partyline vote would remove administration of rent control from the OPA and place it in the federal courts It also would have removed con trols over all new housing The 10 per cent increase would have been over ceilings in effect lastDec Most members of the banking committee were reported in favor of a substitute bill similar to one offered by Senator Sparkman D That measure would extend rent controls for a full year beyond June 30 set up local rental ad visory committees to recommend increases or decontrols allow states to supplant federal con trols and exempt transient hotel accommodations and family units renting for or more monthly Sparkman declined to discuss the secret session but told a re porter he wants rent controls con tinued under some definite gov ernment agency instead of de pending upon busy courts or in dividual tenants to police viola tions Buck said he did not believe ad ditional public hearings would be required Atom Committee Delays Voting on Lilienthal Washington The senate atomic energy committee Friday postponed until Monday its vote on confirmation of David E Lilienthal and other nominees to the atomic energy commission Chairman Hickenlooper R fowa said the delay was agreed upon to permit some members whom he did not identify to clarify some questions The committee will vote Mon day at 10 a m he told reporters who had waited outside the com mittee room for almost 2i hours on previous assurance that a vote was expected Friday Large Number of Iowa Schools Will Carry on Lunch Program Des Moines congress has not yet appropriated the needed to complete the Iowa school lunch program this year indications Friday were that a sizeable number of schools would con tinue the program even if the funds are not supplied The difference would be that the pupils would have to pay the full cost of the type of lunch served those in charge of the program in Iowa explained Under the program some of the pupils are served free and some at a reduced The overall cost for the year in eluding federal aid would be about Funds are available to pay claims for the program through this month Schools have been notified that unless additional money is made available federal aid cannot April 1 be expected beyond Replies from the schools indi cate a large number plan to com plete the program even if con gress doesnt act in time During the first 6 months of the school year an average of 788 public schools were participating In the program As of Feb 1 the average number of pupils being served was 104214 In the 6 months a total of 7749082 meals was served A considerable nurnjper of paro chial schools and their pupils also participate in the program but it is administered for them through the production and marketing ad ministration The program for public schools is administered through the stale department of public instruction Thus far the federal govern ment has supplied for the program in public schools Of the total was for aiding schools in the purchase of equip ment No more funds of that type are needed The remainder for food is sufficient to carry the program through this month But the additional is needed for the remainder of the current school year That would make a total of for food POSTPONES HIS 15DAY TRIP IN CARIBBEAN SEA Senator Taft Reveals Purpose of Talk With Congressional Leaders Washington fP President Truman Friday postponed his Caribbean trip indefinitely and summoned congressional leaders of both parties to a white house conference Monday on the inter national situation Charles Hoss presidential sec retary announced the delay in the proposed trip with this state ment The Caribbean trip has been indefinitely postponed because of developments While Ross declined to elab orate Senator Taft of Ohio chair man of the senate republican pol icy committee told a reporter he and other congressional leaders had been asked to talk at the white house Monday about the situation presented by prospective British withdrawal of economic aid to Greece and the Greek ap peal to this country for financial help Congressional leaders went to a white house conference last week at which the president and Secretary of State Marshall out lined the Greek situation Senator Bridges RN H told reporters it was his understanding then that they would be called back when details of the situation had been learned The invitation to Taft who was not present at the first conference indicated that Mr Truman had broadened the field of the discus sions to include more members of both parties Hep Eaton RN J chairman announced a meeting of the house foreign affairs committee sched uled for Monday would be de ferred until Tuesday There were indications that some members anticipated a pub lic statement by Mr Truman on the international situation before Tuesday All Ross would say was The Caribbean trip has been indefinitely postponed because of developments Domestic or international a reporter asked Because of developments pe The president shortly before had spent an hour and a half discuss ing Greek relief and other prob lems with his cabinet The trip was to have started Saturday Congress was clearly awaiting the administrations statement which Secretary of State Marshall said only Mr Truman could make because of the transcendent problem involved Just wlten the president would speak out was not clear Some lawmakers said they looked for action before Mr Truman leaves again Saturday Meantime tentative battle lines were beginning to form on capitol hill Senator Barkley of Kentucky minority leader told reporters after a conference of democratic senators Thursday that a majority appear to favor a loan to Greece if such action is necessary to pre vent the economic collapse of that country But another influential demo cratic senator who asked not to be quoted by name said he and some of his colleagues will Insist that no money be furnished by this country to pay for arms and war materials for the Greek gov ernment The British have made it pos sible for the Greeks to purchase such supplies in the past by pro viding them with foreign ex change a financial arrangement they apparently are going to abandon This democratic senator said there is a feeling that it would be unwise for the United States to support by the indirect contribu tion of arms a monarchy set up with British backing He said there would be no opposition however to providing food and other necessary relief measures for the Greek people Senator Vandcnberg RMich said he will ask his GOP col leagues to make up their minds on the issue as soon as Mr Tru man outlines the necessities in volved Vandenberg one of the congres sional leaders summoned to the white house last week for the first conference in the Greek situation told a reporter he doesnt yet know enough details to justify laying the matter before his fel low lawmakers Before invention of the cotton gin it took a slave 10 hours to pull seeds from 2 pounds of cotton ;