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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 7, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AHO OES MOIKES Associated Press and United Fresi Full Leased Wlrea THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AtL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 1 1945 Tills Paper Consists at Two One NO 1ZS BERLIN ASSAULT ON INSIDE WASHINGTON Washington Is Getting On Roosevelt Bandwagon By HELEN ESSAKY Central Press Columnist President Hoose velt likes brown sugar in his old iashioneds Brown not white The president also likes to mix his own old fashioneds by his own special recipe He makes a rite ol the mixing when there are guests about A table If placed before htm On the table are slices of orange slivers of pineapple shaker ol titters and the brown sugar And ol coarse Bourbon glasses stirrine spoons and ice cubes PDH carefully blends the variousmgredientsas happy as a child concocting a sand toy or kind of block Report First Army Closing 3RD PUSH LESS THAN 20 MILES FROM COBLEHZ i Security Blackout Covers Exact Movements of 1st Army Troops Paris The American firs army moved within 2 miles of th building a new house When the small parts of the drink are added together he pre sents a perfect whole a presiden tial old fashioned to each smiling guest Great charm has the president I only repeat what has been said a million times He invests every thing he does with a special qual ity of his own Perhaps the paragraph I have just written sounds as if I were getting on the administration band wagon Wellmaybe I am J And why not Why should I be in ariass by myself in Washington Everybody else is getting on the administration bandwagon Old 13ne Democrats Republicans all kinds of antis Havent you noticed them jumping and running The rustling and hopping in some parts of our village remind me of a meadow just alter a mowing machine has gone over it You krfoW how the katydidsand irogs then pop up and dart hither and yon and Washington Some of the katydids and frogs have lost a leg or a claw o an eyebrow as sharp knives have over their hiding Places in fhe tall grass But today trying to n and keep in the Rhine city of Bonn Wednesday night svhile the swift and power ful third army closed within 1 miles of the middle Rhine and ies than 20 of Cohlenz Expect End of IwoJima Battle Soon Guam units of 3 marine divisions hacked out lo cal gains in close quarter fight ing on Iwo Wednesday and a late dispatch said they appeared con fident they would crush the final Japanese defenses soon The marine onslaught was de scribed as a general offensive to break up the last organized re sistance on the island 750 miles south ot Tokyo A report from a warship off Iwo said desperately fighting Japanese stalled the marine push in some sectors but in others ACKTUNG A censorship blackout suddenl was imposed on the first army op similar to that small gains were made The marines were fighting through a maze of interlocking defenses and pillboxes The en which prevailed before the great j emy toehold on Iwo was lashed Khineland breakthrough and the Tuesday with staggering third army dash through the amounts of grenades small arms Eifels The blackout suggested 1 and artillery fire the late report transcendent developments were said The last 5000 or so Japanese crowded into the rocky steaming northeast corner of volcanic Iwo I in progress closjng on Bonn said they ma to have gained up to 7 miles durwere battling like madmen to de ing the day overrunning more lay final defeat than a dozen settlements including Their backs to the sea Bruhl 5 miles south of the cap poured withering mortar tured ruins of Cologne The black chine gun and rifle fire into the out prevented pinpointing the ad1 ranks of the advancing marines vances on the first army right Knives and bayonets flashed in flank which has lagged far be close quarter combat when posi hindthe left and center in the Cotions were overrun logne and Bonn areas in Kuestrin Defenses broadcasts Wednesday declared the Rus sians had opened th6 battle for Berlin breaking into the northeastern defenses of Kuestrin on the Oder 39 miles from the reich capital and assaulting Zehden on the Oders east bank 31 miles from Berlin Berlin said the Oder front was aflame along a 70mjle stretch from south of Kueslrin almost all the way north lo Tanks of Marshal Gregory Zhukovs 1st White Russian army attacked Zehden 28 miles northeast of Kuestrin on the winding Oder the German radio said and possibly were try to drive a wedge across to turn on Berlin or Stettin from the flank Attacking after a 24hour ar tillery barrage the Soviets punch ed into the northeastern defenses Kuestrin due east of Berlin nother nazi broadcaster said The German high command said hukov launched a major assault last sUabte Gains were measured in feet yards The end may come test stenrth In bwaalI roieUleH chute iota of 14456 wake of the mower For the Washington or national bandwagon has become this inter national bandwagon And you had better hang on by teeth or toe nail if you want to have a finger in anybodys postwar pie This my dears is the new cry of this variable capital which loves nothing as much as success Undoubtedly Ive got my meta phors garbled I was really trying to lead up to the bungling Charles BeGaulle who snubbed the presi dent of the country whose people have fought and died for France and way stations The general de clined to meet Mr Roosevelt in that ChnrchiU wide British Canadianj and American ninth army troops closed within 5 of Wesel Ruhr corner city The ninth army cleaned out pockets south of Orsoy and gave the allies a solid footing on the great barrier river from Cologne j t i been counted the 16day campaign Hundreds perhaps thousands more enemy dead remained be hind the Japanese lines Thoug garrison originally was esti at 20000 officers now ieved the number actually wa Thft 2 3rd anfl 5th alread firmly holdin to east of A graveyard of German cit es area rmy on stretched from Cologne aO miles fourfifths of Iwo launched the back to the Reich frontier Soon a offensive a Jnst the re after that fourth city of Germany positibns Tuesda fell late Tuesday the American mOrnins alter the most intens first and ninth armies cleared the Unierfcan artiUery bombardment whole west bank of the Hhme q the entlre campaign from Rheinberg south to Cologne Naval and cartier U S TANK ENTERS American troopers clear road blocks a U S army tank enters a main street in the Rhine city of Cologne which fell Tuesday to the Yank forces Americans Close in on Summer Capitol of Baguio Prepare for Final Assault Manila troops closed in on the former summer capital of Baguio Wednesday as the 6th army prepared for a final as sault against the Japanese on Luzon A Japanese Domei agency dispatch recorded by FCC said a fullscale battle was in the Montalban area 12 miles northeast of Manila with Ameri can artillery already shelling the enemy positions Algiers Small keeps the British empire He is ready at any instant to dash off byplaneor boat through diplo foe and gnn fire to confer withanybody who may be of senice to his country President Roosevelt also races across hemispheres to confer with rulers and fighters whose good wilt and understanding is im portant to his country No matter how jauntily Mr Roosevelt swings his old cape about his shoulders for the photographers camera it cant be too agreeable for a man physically handicapped as he is to make the dangerous uncom fortable journeys he has made How stupid of UeGaulle lo have had his feelings hurt because he was not invited to Yalta The liead ot acountry in such peril as France has no right to any private feelings I myself thought the French general was an arrogant fellow when I saw him on his Washington visit But 1 did no think he would let his sudden rise to power make him behave like a spoiled child save for a fractional pocket at aiso supported the attack By 6 Zons just south of Duesseldorf p m Tuesday however only The distance was 45 airlines but smali ocai gains had been made nearer 70 as the Rhine flows I against very stiff resistance Ad The last sizable German bridge miral Chester W Nimitz reported bead west of the lower Rhine opin a communique posite Wesel was hammered down I to a strip eight miles long and up to five miles wide 50000 German were be in the pocket Many nave fled bat now the last two bridges at Wesel are virtually impassable A front report said that troops of the first corps already were Hearing the city limits of Baguio which once was the headquarters s Chinese Take I rvYl iJClolllVJ VJ11 Burma Road Nazi troopers who survived the debacle of Cologne fled south along the Rhine toward Bonn a cityof 101006 and the birthplace j Chungking Chinese for tt Gen Tomoyuki ashitas Japanese forces in the Philippines It was not disclosed from which ireclion the Americans were ap roaching Baguio one of the prin ipal cities in northern Luzon The ast reported U S positions in hat area were Santa Rosa 17 miles to the southeast and camp one 14 miles to the southwest The surprise thrust toward Baguio was revealed as Gen Douglas MacArthur announced hat Lt Gen Walter Krueeers 6th Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and war Wednesday night Lowest abou 35 Thursday increasing cloudi ness and wanner Iowa Fair Wednesday nigh warmer in west and north por tions Thursday increasing cloud iness and warmer Minnesota Fair Wednesday nigh becoming partly cloudy Thurs day Rising temperatures IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statisti Maximum Tuesday 16 Minimum Tuesday At 8 a m Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum 22 Minimum 9 Precipitation 05 Beethoven The first armys nth division fough at dawn in e village of Alftcn only three lies from Bonn Maj Gen Hugh Gaffeys 4th rmored division approached the iddle Rhine in the Coblenz area ter a 37mile sweep since early pnday His tanks and infantry aptured vast stores of acked for miles along the road nd captured the German com mander of the 53rd corps Lt Gen Graf von Rothkirk who plaintive y commented How can yon expect to win a var when you have no gasoline nd no horses It will all be over within 4 5 months at tbe atest The exact spot where Gaffey vas nearest the middle Rhine was not immediately announced Cen orship prevented naming the owns he overran in his 5mile overnight advance from a pom 20 miles from Coblenz communi cations point and occupation head quarters for Americans after thi first army under Lt Gen Sun Li Jen assisted by an American task force captured he old Burma road junction town of Lashio am fs airfield Wednesday in the cli max of a 3 weeks offensive A communique announced lat old Lashio was taken by form after defeat of Japanese roopr who fought a series ot de ayin actions Chinese troops advanced 7 miles along the Burma road dur ng the drive averaging approxi mately 3 Riiles a day The Japa nese made a fighting withdrawa outhward Seizure of old Lashio once a Japanese key base in Burma fur hcr bottled up the enemy forces n Mandalay and threatened to cut their last escape route to the cast Old Lashio ts on a flat plain approximately 2 miles south of the Namyao river and 35 miles northeast of Hsipiw a junction point on the only road still re ast war The armored division a star iinit of the 3rd army wa plunging toward the Rhine in narrow onl the width of a like a crooked finger northeast ward from the Kyll bridgehea east of Bitbnrr Infantry the 4th armored division in ve hides of all descriptions The captured Gen Rothkirk was the commander who besieged Ba stogne in Belgium and who got the epic reply of nuts from Brig now Maj Gen Anthony C McAuliffe to his demand for surrender of the IQlst airborne division The 4th armored divi sion which captured the general and his staff was the same which broke the Bastogne siege army was prepanns for a final nal poUcies NEW POLITICAL RIOTS IN ITALY Cabinet Works to Revamp Internal Policy Rome UR A mob attack o Reginia Coeli prison two moi bombings and other scattered vio lence heightened the political cri sis threatening to overthrow the Bonbmi government Wednesday The executive committee of the communist party issued a formal warning that all communist minis ters and undersecretaries will re sign unless Premier Ivanoe Bo nomi immediately effects widc sweeping changes in Italys inter OHIO CONTINUES SWIFT RISE Slows War Industries 9 Killed by Flood Cincinnati Ohio ig flood waters of rivers and tributaries along 1000 miles of midwestern lowlands Wednesday nnd made thousands homeless taken at least 9 lives and dealt a staggering blow to the making of munitions The Ohio itshead waters at Pittsburgh all the way to the Mississippi rose toward levels reached only twice before in history The Mississippi ran into low lying residential districts forcin Asks Passage of Bretton Woods Soon Washington W Treasury Secretary Morgenthau urged ear ly enactment of Bretton Woods legislation Wednesday but some republican representatives im mediately raised objections to hasty consideration of the agreements Morgenthau told the house bankiii committee that enact ment of Bretton Woods legisla tion before the April 25 meeting at San Francisco would prove to the world that America means business and is not just talking about world collaboration While not opposing the princi pics of world economic stobiliza tion in the legislation Heps Wol cott of Michigan ranking com mittee republican and Sumne Smith HOhio an Crawford RMich immediate took an energetic stand agains railroading the measure Craw ford said he had 15to 25 wi nesseswho want to appear in op position Morgenthau asked for favorable action on the aereements be cause he said 1 They are needed tor the suc cess of the world security organ ization la be chartered at San Francisco 2 They are definitely good business for the United States 3 Jf the present program for ntended to overwhelm Kuestrin nd establish further attacking ases for a push on Berlin The Germans weeks ago said le Russians had shoved bridge leads over the Oder 30 to 40 miles elow and above besieged Kne trin Kuestrin was reported under iltack from north and south Moscow was silent concerning this rent Meanwhile Marshal Stalin an nounced Wednesday the capture hundreds families out Waters of the White river in Arkansas threatened levees further south and military forces were pressed into duty to reinforce the barriers Louisville expected to evacuate hundreds of families as the Ohio rolled toward a 45foot flood stage At Cincinnati the Ohio was ex pected to pass the 10foot mark 18 feet above flood stscre drive lo clear Luzon of the nese invaders Throughout all Mac Arthur said our troops are re grouping for the final phases ot the Luzon campaign His communique reported that ground action was limited to pa trol activity although bombers and fighters continued steady at tacks on the Japanese pockets scattered throughout the island fighters in a sweep postwar monetary stability is re jected it is unlikely that this opportunity will come again to our generation i The agreements though technical present a very simple and order instead of insecurity and chaos With those main arguments Blorgcnthau opened the adminis trations case before the house banking committee for establish ment of 2 institutions proposei By representatives of 44 countries who met at Bretton Woods N H last July They are a muttibilliondolla international monetary fund and international bank for reconstruc tion and development Morgenthau told the commit tee The late of more than the Bretton Woods agreements hangs of Banska Stiavnics in Slovakia 0 miles northeast of Bratislava by Marshal Rodion Mallnovskys 3rd Ukrainian army driving through the Carpathian moun tains and the fall of Starogard 21 miles south of Danzif Moscow gave tacit confirmation to the nazi reports that the big push against Berlin was on The government newspaper Izvestia sauJ that on all rnadsleadujg to Berfln thereisjvjsible the furious battles our troops now are waging Other soviet dispatches said that in an unidentified sector the Rus sians forced a the Oder east of ie depth of nazi defenses and eized a major transport network Nazi broadcasts said strong red rmy forces attacking in relays vere hammering the fortifications on both sides of Kuestrin Oder stronghold 38 miles east of Berlin Berlin said the massed soviet upon the action this time forces were trying to break hrougli the German defense sys em in an attempt to gain broad positions on the west bank of the Dder for the intended push on Berlin In the first hours of the resumed soviet offensive before Berlin the Transocean news agency said red army assault forces charged the defenses northeast of Kuestrin 1 times The agency said the fortress held out and repelled these first allout attacks Zhukovs forces broke through to the Bailie entrance to Stettin bay Tuesday with the capture ot the fishing port of Cammin 36 of congress at miles northeast of Stettin itself Cammin lies on thcDievenow riv Official forecasters hoping that He sniti favorable action would er easternmost of 3 passages from malning open between Mandalay and the IndoChina border New Lashio bnilt in the 1930s when the Banna road was open lies Z miles sooth of the old Mrs MacArthJr Son Arrive in Manila Manila F I Douglas MacArthur and her 6yearold son arrived in Manila Wednesday to rejoin the general They came from Australia on the first re frigerator ship to enter the harbor over the Cagayan valley wrecked 5 Japanese planes at Echagne air field and set afire 2 enemy barges westol the Aparri air base on the north coast Marine divebombers supported the 6th infantry and first cavalry divisions units which occupied several favorable positions along the stronglydefended WawaAn ipolo line east of Manila Far north of Manila first corps troops were moving slowly along the ViUa Verde trail and Balete Pass road in an attempt to cu1 the Japanese lines leading to the Cagayan valley The rocky fortifications ot Fort Drum in Manila harbor were racked by fighters and bombers while units oE the llth airborne division swept along the east coas of the bar to southwest of Ternate and seized 20 Japanese gunboats carrying small depth charges A coastal craft carrying abou 20 Japanese was sunk by PT boats off the Zambales coast Sat urday night extraordinary cabinet meet ing Wednesday was devoted to a revamping of the internal policy for a more drastic purging of the police army and slate employes as a result of the escape of Gen Mario Roatta one of Italys prin cipal war criminals from a mili tary hospital Sunday night No deaths were reported in the new outbreaks of rioting but a second victim of bombs thrown d u r i n g Tuesdays antiroyalist ernonstration in front of the Qui nale palace home of acting King Umberto died during the night t least 7 other persons were vonnded in that incident Crowds of tattered hungry ooking men and women stormed he thieves quarters of the Re inia Codli prison from the outside luring the night in an attempt to colder weather would halt the runoff rom the saturated ground of the Ohio valleys 202000 square miles still withheld definite pre dictions of a crest However they watched the progress of a new bulge coming down from Pitts burgh where continued rains had pushed the Ohio more than 3 feet a provide the most heiriening evi dence that Americans are thor oughly sincere in their devotion to the principles of international cooperation He added it would add deeds to the words of hope that link the united nations in a peace alliance since liberation of the city wouidi 8 Missing 18 Injured e 18 feet over flood stage but f Dl early 10 feet tutor by VanCOUVCr blast above the 25r At 70 feet the be 18 feet over flood stage but nearly 10 feet under the 1941 rec ord crest The 2nd highest stage recorded was 717 feet in 1884 and the 3rd 699 in 19J3 tic Stettin roadstead into the open a The breakthrough put the Rus sians in position for frontal and flanking assaults on Berlin along a 200mile front from the Baltic Blankets and supplies were I S S Grcenhill Park was set rushed here from headquarters of 1 Wednesday at 8 men missing and the armys 5th service command j believed dead 18 injured and at Columbus Ohio and the coast property damage of approximate guard moved in with planes heli1 iy mostly to the ship copters and communications trucks The Empire Stevedoring corn aid stricken communities j pany reported 6 longshoremen Emergency status was ordered i missing and believed lost and the reV nonpolitical prisoners and at i for the Ohio stale guard and more Canada Shipping Company LTD he same time reach political in haii 20 companies were mobilized sajd 2 crewmen were unaccount One of the 4 bridges leading jor The longshoremen were to the Sudeten foothills Nazi broadcasts said 7 soviet armies were moving into line for the as saults The first army swept up more than 500 towns and villages in a3 vances of up to 23 miles through IPomerania Tuesday One column Vancouver B C toll j captured Jloritrfcldc only 14 of blasts and fire which wrecked I miles due cast of Stettin and 10 he same time reach p mates in another section Police inside the prison fired their rifles over the heads of the crowd Hastilysummoned firemen directed water hoses acainst dem onstrators who had broken out of their cells and were assaulting the from Cincinnati to Kentucky was j rjon G Bell W T Lewis Mon closed transportation facilities tague Munn Michael McGrath within the city were suspended waiter Peterson and J Brooks over some regular lines while I jne crewmens names were with A bomb was thrown at the Cara binieri station on Borgo Vittorio near Vatican City The Carabinieri rushed out and shot their rifles into the air The second bomb was thrown against the Carabinieri station in Largo Toniolo square in the center of Rome No casualties were re ported in either incident others were detoured held Millcrcek Valley industrial heart The 10000ton vessels h olds of Cincinnati straggled against a Utill held the fate of the missing flank attack by the Millcreek trapped by a series of ex self A flash flood almost nullified posions near noon Tuesday which efforts of the state guard and reI shattered thousands of windows cruited laborers who worked by j over a wide area of the business flashlight truck headlights and section bonfires to raise the partly built barrier dam across the mouth of the creek CONFIRM BROPHY Meantime the 503rd paratroop DIES regiment reported it had scaled i Birmingham Ala A headquarters spokesman said with dynamite a total ot 300 caves H Hanson chairman of the board she returned to aid nnd assist in on ConcaVor Hundreds of Japa of the Birmingham News and Age I fortress BKITISH LANDINGS London German high command said in a broadcast com munique Wednesday that British troops had made a local attempt Washington senate has confirmed the nomination o William A Brophy of New Mexico to be commissioner ot Indian at fairs miles east of Altdamm Another was less than 12 miles southeast of Stettin North of Sfcttin the first array overran Treptow Gricfcnberg and Guclzow 12 to 17 miles cast and southeast of Cammin in its ad vance to Stettin bay These forces cut Stettins last railway and high ay links with northeastern Pom rania Bclgard 50 miles east of Cam min and main center of resistance n an isolated Baltic pocket also vas captured More than 1309 Germans were killed and 500 cap tured In the battle for Belgard Farther east Marshal Konstan iin K Rokossovskys 2nd White Russian army swung northeast in a drive to liquidate another Baltic pocket based on Gydnia and the former free port of Danzig More than 4000 prisoners were taken in the pockets Tuesday among them a Lt Gen von Zie low commander of the Koeslin area Another 5000 Germans revealed to have been rounded up in the capture of the encircled fortress of Grudziadz 56 miles city and its inhabitants MRS FRASER DIES Wellington NZ Pe south of Danzig after a 2 week German lines on i ter Fraser wife of the prime min1 siege Maj Gen Fricke corn coast but the attack i Ister died Wednesday alter a j mander of the city was among the beaten off long illness prisoners ;