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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 7, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL Associated Press and United Ptess full Leased wires 500000 Germans Now Depend on One Track for Men and Material By HARRISON SALISBURY Moscow Gregory K Zhukovs array oj the Ukraine plunged through a 20mile gap in the OdessavWarsaw railway Tues day to within less than CO miles of Rumania where a wholesale flight from the threatened border region was reported under way The landslide pace of the Rus sian breaklhroujjh on the Tar nopolpruskurov front was said to have touchedoft a new wave of panic in Bessarabia northern Bukovina and neighboring Ru manian territory where authori ties and peasants alike were flec imr the path of the red army The confusion in Rumania was calculated to aggravate the tiazi task of supplying some 500000 German troops tha toned with en velopment in the lower Ukraine Their primary lifeline was broken when soviet forces stormed across the railroad running northwest from Odessa leaving them only secondary transport breakthrough was roundabout routes Zhukovs regarded in military quarters as certain to stimulate unrest in both Rumania and Bulgaria ancl prob ably to shake the puppet govern ments in the Balkans to their foundations A biff scale liquidation of com mercial and industrial asscls northeastern Rumania was re ported in progress with factories wing dismantled for transporta lion to thewest as the red army cast an ominous shadow south ward to the Dniester A German communique ac knowledged heavy fighting of un dimmished violence on the Shep etovka front as it described the breakthrough area and said the Russians were attacking heavily in other sectors of the Ukraine One column rolled to within lO miles of Tarnopol strategic 5way junction whose capture would shut off the last thin trickle of men and munitions reaching 500000 isolated Germans to the cast over f line lhat loops be low the severed section of the OdessaWarsaw trunk railway The 1st Ukrainian armv under the personal command of Mar shal Gregory K Zhukov vice commissar of defense sained 15 lo 20 miles despite prespriiv thaws that turned the rich black farmlands into fields of mud German prisoners 3000 of whom were taken in the first 2 days of the offensive Saturday and bunday said their commanders had hoped the balmy weather would glve them a breathing spell in which to relieve battered divisions with fresh troops and equipment but the cutting the OdessaWarsaw railway doomed that hope Soviet tank columns were re Ported m front dispatches to be churning forward throwing up 1 surf of mud in an effort to reach the Carpathians and force the i trapped German divisions lo the fast to flee into Rumania over rough winding roads or across the Black sea Snow virtually has Sne fr0m hC Some 7000 additional Germans killed when soviet forces cut across the German lines of treat in a series of maneuvers The toll German dead in the first 3 days fismmg to nearly 22000 The Russians cul TaraopolProskurov 600 Held at Camp Dodge by Weather Camp Dodge Orson B Powers commander of the Camp induction center said Tues day that because of the severe weather and hazardous road con ditions 000 lowans in the camp for preinduction physical exam inations would not be sent home Tuesday night They will be fed and housed al the camp he said An exception will be the men who live in Polk county They will be permitted to go home because they live near the camp NORTH IOWA KOAOS OPEN VISIBILITY TOOK A few blockades of highways erne to drifting snow north of Hampton and north and south of New Hampton and West Union together with poor visibility rang ing from zero to 200 feet was the report of the highways of North Iowa given out by the highway commission office jn Mason Citi Tuesday morning The highways were still open bul driving was not good There were slippery spots on nearly al the highways due to packed snow Railroads and buses were re ported from 10 minutes to 2 hours late but all roads and bus lines were operating No snowplows have been ordered out on the rail roads indicating no large What drifting there is has caused the most trouble on the north and south lines where the snow has filled in the cuts DRIFTS BLOCK SOME ROADS AS SKY CLEARS DCS Moincs lfPt Snowdrift blocked highways in scattered sections of Iowa Tuesday but skies were clear throughout most of the stale and road crews ex pected to have all routes open by late afternoon Meanwhile the weather bureau forecast fair and colder weather for the stale with rising tempera tures Wednesday afternoon Lowest temperature in the night was 10 above at Fort Dodge Spencer and Mason City Mini mums ranged between 10 and 15 degrees throughout virtually the entire stale the weather bureau reported Highest reading Mon daywas 37 at Burlington The state highway commission reported highways 60 and 69 were blocked north of Ankcny way 63 was closed south of Ce dar Falls and highways 13 Gl and 218 were blocked north of Cedar Rapids There was widespread drifting and roads in most sections were reported by the commission as very slippery Some additional snow fell in the northeast section Monday Cedar Hapids had 9 inches on the round 4 of which fell jn the nours ended at 7 a m Tuesday the weather bureau said Dubuque had 4 inches 2 of which was new and Charles City 6 I of which fell Monday Heaviest precipitation during he 24 hours ended at 7 a m Tuesday was 33 of an inch at Du buque Other reports Cedar Rap ids 31 Davenport 17 Charles City 13 and Mason Citv 12 Red Ukrainian Drive FINLAND WAITS Pointing at RumaniaFOR RED NAZIS IN BEND NEAR ISOLATION FROM SUPPLIES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASOX CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 7 GtVE MORE HOME EDITION AS BOMBS HIT Parliamentary Group to Hear Report From Foreign Minister BULLETIN rcpl Stockholm IV Twenty Kus sian divebombers attacked Koi ka southern Finland port Men day afternoon a Helsinki dispatc said Tuesday It reported cas ualties and damage By KOBEKT STCJBDEVANT Stockholm IV The Finnis government is momentari awaiting word from the sovie Russian government on Finland reply to Moscow on propose armistice terms the Aftonbladet Helsinki correspondent renorte Tuesday This report which was ciearc by Finnish censorship was th first word direct from Finlan tending to lend credence to re ports hat Finland had made som sort of acknowledgement of Ui Russian terms But particulars of the were not made known Usually wellinformed pcrso stress that political development now are characterized by in creased tension the correspon dent wrote One therefore waiting with increased inieres the second phase of the Finnish Russian question that is the Fin nish government reply to Mosco and the expected answer The Finnish parliament wa scheduled to meet Tuesday bu the Aflonbladet report said it wa thought the government make no new declaration lo par name nt However a special parUamen tary committee for foreign af fairs was expected to hear a port from Sir Henrick Ramsav foreign minister on political de velopmcnls SAY HITLER OFFERING MORE AID TO FINLAND London Swiss dispatcl said Tuesday that Adolf Hitle had intervened in an llth hou attempt to prevent Finland troir quitting the war The London Dailv Express reported from Stockholn that Germany had offered to sen Finland 300 planes and 10 addi tional to 150 000 she would drop peace negotiations An Exchange Telegraph Agen cy dispatch from Zurich said a neutral correspondent in Berlin close touch with wellinformed quarters had learned of Hitlers personal intervention and cmolec the fuehrer as saying Finlands decision concerns he fate of all of Europe and not ust nerself Such paramount de cisions therefore only in absolute 3erlin This neutral correspondent bc icved that German Foreign Min r Joachim von Ribbentrop has assured Hitler that Finland will any armistice or separate the Zurich story said ASKS SEX SEGREGATION Minneapolis UB Lynn Shite Jr president of Mills col ege Oakland Cal Tuesday ad the segregation of male female students or senior li and junior college ages as are possible agreement with re outflankinc boosted the across the sector of Germanheld doubletrunk rail way in southern Russia at 3 Points Volochisk 25 miles cast of Tarnopol Yoitovtsy 11 miles to the southeast and Narkcvichi 0 miles east of Volochisk Pushing 2 miles south of the railway one soviet force seized lozova 6 miles southeast of Volo Red Cross Fund Rises While Mercury Sinks The tliermomote Tuesday but the Cer to vise The war fund Tuesday was s new total of 51921950 revealin snow and the wind to reach con tributors Cerro Gordos share is S51500 in the 5200000000 national Red Cross campaign The returns en tered Tuesday were from scat tered divisions in Mason City The advance solicitation division fig have sunk and re rose from to SIS i 3750 while 53682 additional I was reported j The storm is a handicap to get H northeast of other Iroops screed Lopushino 25 miles north of Tarnopol 27 miles inside old Poland and 59 miles from Lwow one of the largest railway junctions in all Europe under i Germans probably will rely on IAVOW and it DCDinn tne city for their main defenses hifih command re ported that Zhukovs troops can SSS0IdlSned323 6I7 mortars during the 2 days ot their offensive In northern Estonia Gen Leonid A Govorovs troops ad vanced deeper into Narvas de fense ring killing more than 300 Germans in one handtohand engagement ers mceirt meeting previously announced for Rockwell Monday evcnin was postponed the date to be an nounced later Contributions announced Tues day include gifts from boys in olher parts of the world One arrived from Africa to the amount of S7o Workers arc finding that Cerro Gordo county residents are happy to give The many services given by the organization for the boys m camps here and abroad in the front lines and for those who are prisoners of war has won the un dying gratitude of many a parent Chairman Paul Pritchard of the campaign points out It is this mounting surge of Siven by theRed Cross that has brought a sudden in Seek Action on Bonus Bill of 30 Billions Washington of legislation to provide a bonus for veterans of the present war Tues day demanded immediate aclion Senator Reynolds D N one of the authors estimat ed the bill would call for a total expenditure ot The latest adjusted tion measure was referred to the linance committee despite a re quest of its Johnson DColo is that it be handled by the mili tary committee of which Rey nolds is chairman A backstage battle between vet erans organizations over the bonus moved into the open Tuesday as adjusted compensation legislation sponsored jointly bv 5 service groups was offered in both houses of congress Acting on behalf of the Vet erans of Foreign nars the Army and Navy Union Disabled Ameri can Veterans the Military Order of the Purple Heart and the Regu lar Veterans Association Senalor Johnson sponsor of the senate bill said he would ask for hearings by the inilitarv commit tee 176 Nazi Fighters Downed in Daylight Battle Over Berlin NO 13O men and women of the armed forces for home service and 34500 for overseas service is much more liberal in its benefits than the so called Gl bill sponsored chief ly by the American Legion now pending before a senate finance subcommittee headed by Chair man Clark DMo Warren H Atherlon of the American Legion has announced thai the organization will conduct a nationwide drive on Wednes day March lo to obtain signatures endorsing the bill The 5service group measure would provide for adjusted service pay of S3 daily for home service in the armed forces and SI daily for overseas service with an ex tra credit of S500 for those wounded All compensation above S500 would be in the form of nonnego tiable taxfree government bonds Bondholders could withdraw not more than onefifth the face value of their bonds during the first 5 years alter their issuance This compares with a series of benefits proposed in the GJ bill including mustering out pay total ing S500 for 18 months overseas service educational training for iCterans farm and home purchase loans reemployment aid and un employment insurance for the postdischarge period The group legislation would ig iprethe veterans administration directing the army and navy to compute the compensation allow ances and handling payments inrough the treasury SAYS US GOING TO TAKE TRUK Admiral Reveals Move Coming in Testimony Washington UP The house ippropriations committee recom nending passage of a eficiency appropriation bill re Tuesday testimony by an dmiral thnt the United States in ends to take Truk from the Japa se This discInsure came with min icatiDn of testimony before the ppropriations snlic o m m i 11 e e hich drafted It rcvealiil lat Rear Admiral Edward I ochrane chief of the navys hn eau of ships said unequivocally hat We arc coins into Truk The bill carries funds to meet ehciencics incurred bv several ederal agencies in their opcra ons during the current fiscal ear Biggest item was S21010R 31 to cover war overtime pay for ovcrnmcnl employes FLARES ANZIO BEACH IS BOGGY Germans Still Hold TwoThirds of Ruined Town Report Says Allied Headquarters Xaplcs UP fighting has broken out again in the street sof Cassino a communique disclosed Tuesday as the battle ot the Anzio beach head subsided into a series of malsrale pjirol and HI tillery duels Freezing rains swamped allied and German troops alike on the beachhead and on the main olh army front to the south flooding river beds and ravines and mak ing the terrain all but impassable Across the Italian boot the British 8tli armys front also was down under rain and heavy snows Allied troops were reported on the attack inside Cassino for the first lime in weeks although it was on Additional contributions an uesdav for a total f aO came near filling out the 2nd arm of the Red Cross symbol above Hhen Cerro Uordo county reaches its roal of 551500 in the war fund drive the whole symbol will be blacked out Each arm of the cross represents for a total of SJOOOO and the center the remaining SI1509 creased demand for funds a de mand that nearly everyone solici ted appears eager to meet division chiefs point out Weather Report FORECAST lason City Fair slightly colder Tuesday night Lowest tcmpcra uirc above Wednesday fair and continued cold Stronswincls diminishing Tuesday night Iowa Fair and slightly cnlrW was indicated the thrusl relatively minor scale German units still reported holding about twothirds of the ruined town answered to the al lied thrusts with heavy mortar and machine gun fire and head quarters spokesmen said the nazis hurled grenades wildly in the apl parent belief thai a major attack was in progress The allied communique how ever did not report any change in the Dtn army positions inside Cas Brilish roops farther west in the lower Caricliano valley clashed repeatedly with German patrols Monday and captured a few ene my prisoners while both sides traded artillery and mortar fire poradically Allied warplmcs dominated Ihe entire batikfront while tho In ft witfe remaii rainswept airdromes American warhawks bombedi American Infantrymen Strike Japs for First Time in Asia Trap Veterans of Singapore By UNITED PRESS icporieil i uesday in the allies united nations beating back the German gun emplacements on the northern rim of the Amio beach head and front line positions in the trosinone and Liltoria areas wnile invader formations hit ixiaci and rail traffic northeast of Rome damaging narioperatcd railroad cars and ripping up a big section of track Japanese Farm Deferments Still Subject to Call Says Iowa Selective Service Des Moincs selective service officials explained Tues day that men or military age whose induction into the armed has been deferred be cause of employment in agricul ture or crucial industry are still subject lo call The armed forces have priority over the manpower ot our nation and deferment does not mean that these persons should not be released for military or naval duty when the time necessitates such action the statement said in engagements that ranged from the Admiralty islands to the Asiatic continent At the same time American airmen con tinned their triphammer blows on enemy throughout the cen tral and southwest Pacific American infantrymen slrikin 68 BOMBERS 10 FIGHTERS LOST ISNEWUSHIGH RAF Night Followup in Germany France Finds Nazis Licked London OJRI American 4cn bombers and their escort shot dimn 17li nazi cctua I lo half of Germanys entire monthly output in a terrific acnal battle during M o n d a ys shattering 2000ton daylight as sault ui Berlin a US armv com munique announced Tuesday Waves of allied medium bom bers and fighters sivepl across the channel into northwestern Europe again Tuesday keeping alive the almost ceaseless campaign lo smash Germanys aiidefenses Uhilc the German capital still smouldered from its first mass daylight raid a strong force of British heavy bombers Monday niKht blasted railway targets with out loss at Traiipes 15 miles south west of Paris mi the mainline to Xantes and Naznirn in the Bay of Uisuay lirsl reports indicated the bombing was accurate and well concentrated the air ministry an nounced Twinengined British mosquitoes rounded out the night offensive with attacks also with London Tj Mondays K r c a t American daylight raid on Ber lin must be considered a catas trophe the Germancontrolled Oslo railio admitted Tuesday This description was attributed The isolated enemy unils wore part of Japans onceproud IKth division which was defeated de cisively in a 3hour battle Satur day by American troops trained m jungle war fare in Panama and later experienced in the Solomons and New Guinea American troops dismounted cavalrymen also pushed forward from ilicir holdings in the Ad miralty islands crossing a narrow isthmus lending into Salami plan tation north ol ciiitiircd Momotc airfield mi Ls island 7 Killed in Bomber Crash at Maxwell Kearney Xclr M Seven Kearney anhnsc flyers killed when their bomber crashed in a snow and wind storm near Max well lown early Monday were identified by Cnl Charles C Cop Pin base commanding officer Uhoihc others of the full crew j f HI aboard the plane HIWJ led pinned down to Us i was not disclosed Thisc named Col Coppin included no Allied Ship Losses From UBoats Less Than Advance Hopes Minnesota Parity cloudy and colder with snow flurries and blowing snow late Tuesday afternoon and night with lowest temperatures zero to 10 below north and 7cro to 5 above south portion Wednesday morning Wednesday fair and continued cold wind 30 to 50 mph TUJ day afternoon diminishing slow ly Tuesday night and Wednes day IN MASON CITY Maximum Monday Minimum Monday Night At 8 a m Tuesday Snow Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 9 illch 05 inch 12 Minus 7 Tnrady at the start of 1943 There is not the slightest evi dence thai Ihe enemy has in am way abandoned his intention to cripple our sea communications if he possibly can he said in in troducing navy estimates On the contrary the Germans still are making every endeavor to improve the performance and equipment of their Uboats They have provided them with greatly increased firepower have brought a new acoustic torpedo into serv ice and we must expect further developments stilt In 1941 one ship was lost of every Jfll thnt sailed in 1942 one of every 233 in 1J143 one of every 344 The losses in these convovs during the 2nd half of last year were less than one of cverv I 1000 1 Alexander said that Alexander an tr were below Their advance was aided by heavy and medium Immlicrs which raid ed enemy positions nnrlli of llyanc harbor while U s clcslroycrs shelled Japanese slmrc batteries il Scadlcr harbor and hit Manns main Admiralty island for ttic 3rd consecutive day A contingent of allied amphibi ous forces made a new landing on the New Guinea coast skirtiiv the Japanese positions and ashore at Mindiri 30 miles north west of Saiclor and onlv f miles north of he advanced allied front line al llcrwarth point Theland ing was dcicribed by an allied suokfMiian as only a smallscalej maneuver of expediency ili IhouHh the nivaijon funcs quirkt ly veizcd Yalan plantation after rcachins the beach i The aerial offensive again was centered on nahatil on ttriti aiii although he air attacks also took in sweeps over New Guinea Bougainville hi the Solomons and isolated cnemv hasrs in the Mar Solomonsbased planes followed nisM raiders to drop 181 tons of bombs in a midday attack on Ra baul hitting antiaircraft instal lations the township and the wa terfront The U s flyers aain met no interception as fhev scored direct hits on 9 yun positions Iwo small caiRo ships were de stroyed at Ataliklikin harbor craft scl afire bav out loss on objectives in northwest Germany niccting no fig liter op position Radio Frankfurt was heard broadcasting that that west Ger many industrial center also was under attack Monday night but tins was not confirmed The 8th and nth U S air forces suffered their heaviest losses of the war in the Berlin iiicl Mon liuinbiTs and 10 fighters costing and carrying this was more than offset ly the destruction of ITU in tcrccptitig German fighters and Ihe deviistiitiiii wrought in the fi target areas Tlie flyiny fortresses and liber ators aluncj were credited with shootiiiH clown 9j enemy planes while the remaining 83 a new Ky ASSOCIATED IKESS Unlike Saturdays assault on Ihe capital by mic formation of fortresses Mondays Rrcal raid found Ihe nazi air force lyinp in wait for an allmil effort to rc licl the attack Only 10 mi mites Trimi the tarKcl the Ocrmans lined up in friml nf us anil really came in said one pihit Then uiri hurdrs of them and they eunc al us in first anil then They just lined nn tail to tail ancl started circling us like In dians used to make war on a lone covered wagon said another flyer in describing ln attack liy 1 uazi fighters against his lorl rcss which had dropped behind his formation When people say tinre is no more luflwaflc yuli can tell them theyre nuts said a waislffimncr expected to lose in 1943 actually was lost and that the avorase for the last months also is bclov Ihe level of 1918 Allied naval losses in the Mediterranean since he begin ning of Ihc Sicilian campaign total 2 cruisers 1 minelayer 10 destroyers 2 submarines and 10 minor war vessels he announced Alexander said that the British fleet now was stronger in rela tion to enemy strength than at any time since the fall of France hroughl us to the brink of dis aster He disclosed that 13 British warships had been sunk on con voys to Russia and that losses of merchant ships had been consid erable at limes all however B8 per ccnl AT ROME AGAIN Casualties Very Rome London said waves of record fell before the of es corting md supporting fighters In addition lo the 10 American fighters lost one allied fighter was reported missing Conservative sources estimated that tlic 17G German planes de j Mrnycd represented about half tho 1 number of fighters nazi industry can prmlncc mnitlily iftcr the crippling blows inflicted by Amer ican honilicrs in the offensive German aircraft centers a fortnight nco Thefull effects of the bliu awiinl I he fighter factories prob ably will not be fcH for several weeks bccattse of Germanys bittklitf of planes and the pos sibilily tif inuisIcrriiiH lill more from other fronts bur Home radio attacked Home j ormations of airi luftwaffc Irom the sHc craft m successive waves dropped bombs on inhabited districts of the city of Rome the broadcast saicl s little I reported The American losses in the Ber lin altick exceeded the previous record of GO bombers and 5 fighl crs ic Jan 11 raids on fighter Ihe enemy aircraft flcv overt Plants in central Germany targets at a comparatively low Stockholm dispatches said t level nnd dropped loads of ex American bombers made forced Plosives on the Ostieiisc and i landings in Sweden Monday Onlv Trastcvcrc districts one of the 10 of the carsocs I tie7 casual jurcd slightly crewmen was in has not yet been ascertained The Gcrni tw rtauc iHiiiLU i nc uennan command I but appears to be very high i claimed that HO raiders mcluding ;