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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 6, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT HISTORY AND ARCHIVE DCS MOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS vou press and United Pratt Full Leased ifne Cenls a Copyi MASON CITE IOWA TUESDAY IUARCU 6 1945 Thb Paper ComUta ul Two NO 187 INSIDE WASHINGTON Democrats Sketch Plans for 48 Election Drive Central Press Capital Staff Washington Democrats in Congress have begun to sketch their picture the 1948 presi dential cam paign Some believe it may re semble that of 1912 when Woodrow Wil son came from behind to win the nomina tion there is a i d e spread feeling in Con gress that Sen Byrd President Roosevelt will not lie a candidate for a 5th be cause ot his desire but because o his health Starting with this assumption Democrats are counting on a minimum of 3 candidates Sure ones are believed to be Vice President Harry Truman Former Vice President Henry Wallace Senator Harry F Byrd D of Virginia Wallace Is looked upon as the inevitable candidate of the CIO PAC and the New Deal The bat tle over Wallace is acknowledged to be a fight against Wallace as a presidential threat Byrd is the champion of the Democratic conservatives of the south and elsewhere while Tru man is looked upon as a middle oftheroader and the lone hope AMERICANS CAPTURE COLOGNE REDS CAPTURE GRUDZIADZ ON VISTULA RIVER Break Through to Mouth of Oder Bombard Stettin BULLETIN London VP Russian troops of party unity The expectation is that the Democratic party will have a hard time in 1348 to ayoid a wideopen split between the New Deal and the conservative factions The socalled work or Jail bill still has a long way to travel in its journey thro ugh Congress and the chances are that before it is finally passed the original spon sors will not be able to recognize it The bill has been held up 5n the Senate Military committee long enough to give the opposition time to bring up its heavy artillery and train in on the measure And the opposition has some powerful runs In the form of have reached Stettin bay and cap tured Cammin Marshal Stalin an nounced Tuesday London o v i e t assault forces Tuesday captured the great Polish citadel of Grudziadz on the Vistula river after a siege of 2 weeks in which 5000 German prisoners and rich stores of booty were takent The Grudziadz victory far be hind the battle lines wasscored as other Russian forces speared to the network of Baltic lagoons at the mouth of the Oder by Berlin account and laid down a shatter ing bombardment on Stettin Marshal Konstantin K Rokps sovskys second White Russian army captured Grudziadz on the east bank ofthe Vistula 59 miles south of Danzig and near the southwestern tip of East Prussia The tide of battle had swept on far north and west of Gtudziadz while the diehard German garri son fought on without hope re lief The uazis said Marsha Gregory Marines Mass for Final Blow on Iwo Guam S marines were massing strength Tuesday toran allout assault to split and an nihilate the last thousands of Jap anese in northern Iwo How many Japanese remained to oppose the American push was not known definitely A total of 12864 enemy dead had been counted by 6 p m Saturday but field dispatches estimated that at least three quarters of the original garrison of 20000 had been wiped strone arguments against forcing men to work for private employ K Zhukovs right wing had swung westward to the area of Cammin on the waters of the Haff into which the Oder debouches Canunin is 36 miles north of Stettin and 4 miles south of the Baltic proper The reported soviet advance forged a big assault arc against thelower Oder before Stettin So viet forces now had reached thi Oder and the water at its rnouth onbotbSidesqf Stettin and were out American dead for the first 13 the bloodiest campaign of the Pacific war totaled 2050 A Japanese communique broadcast by Tokyo radio claimed about 20000 ma rines had been killed or wounded and 250 American tanks either stranded or set afire in the bat tle of Iwo Improved wind and weather con ditions speeded preparations for the attack Mountains of supplies were bein unloaded on both the astern and western beaches The fighting front has remained virtually unchanged for more ban 48 hours while the third burth and fifth marine divisions jrought up munitions and supplies lor the attack The third in the center has only a quarter mile 6 go to the northeast coast to split the decimated enemy gar rison The Japanese tried time and YANKS MOVE IN FOR LAST BLOW TO LUZON 1APS Possibly 100000 Already Destroyed in Terrible Fighting Manila Japanese di 100000 have been destroyed on Luzon and American forces ringing the re maining trapped groups were slow ly closing in Tuesday for the kill Only 4 of Lt Gen Tomoyuki TTamashitas original garrison of 10 divisions were left on Luzon again to infiltrate the American lines Sunday nieht and early Mon day only to be broken thrown back Hundreds enemy were killed but the infil tration parties did bring the ma rines under substantial artillery and small arms fire 18 tt The bill will facie i a heav dbsmgagaxnst a had tbrowiffi fire 2tankarmies iiito the of attackin theSenate and there is some prospect that a substi tute plan will be adopted which will attempt to preserve the vol untary system ol handling man power problems The chances are that if a bill is passed it will be finally written in conference com mittee of the House and Senate Army air force bombed Chichi in islandsjust north of Iwo Sunday Admiral Chester W Nimitz an7 nounced in a communique x Jsjtef 1 and they were split up into 3 firm ly encircled pockets Gen Douglas MacArthurs American troops and Filipino guerrillas were reducing the Jap anese points of resistance on the ground while land and air forces maintained a strong blockade ol dssible enemy escape routes from he island The Japanese facing almost certain disaster were holed out m he Zambales mountains in south western Luzon the southeastern section of the island below Manila and in the northeastern corner With many of the islands below Luzon already occupied by Amer ican forces Mac Arthurs regular troops were steadily crushing the two southern pockets and probing into the north while Filipino guer rillas were adding to the squeez from recently cleared Ilicos Nort Ion province in the northwestern cor and ner Of the bland the MacArthur personally describee the position of the Japanese force on Luzonas critical The equivalent of 6 division with supporting elements he saic Liberators have been destroyed togethe the Bonin vith the main supply depots hole ng great quantities ofordnanc Despite reports to the contrary the Army has no plans for aban doning virtually all of its equip ment in Europe once the Germans finally are defeated and the bulb of United States troops begin to be moved to the Pacific theater One high ArmT official has as serted that only obsolete and wornout equipment will be left behind in the old world and that the rest will be transferred as Quickly as the troops are The service feels it would be highly inadvisable to have our forces brought back from Europe for a brief furlough in the states before going to the Pacific Thtas one reason why the Army is hacking work or fight legislation They would like the troops to find every one on the home front engaged in the war effort so far as possible Stettin and was pounding the portwith artillery T Bermi said Zmittov also had concentrated 5 infantry armies and Z tank armies in the Oder valley 30odd miles east of Berlin The Germans predicted that the frontal push against the capital would begin as soon as ZhukoVs flanks are secured Nazi broadcasts conceded that the outskirts of Stettin already were under fire of soviet guns softening the citys defenses for ultimate assault Stettin 72 miles northeast of Berlin is Germanys biggest port on the Baltic and the main source imports tor Ber lin Zhukovs forces toppled the It is hems talked around the capital that Donald Kelson form er WPB boss may be in line for the post of Reconstruction Finance Corporation chief The job will be open after President Hoose velt signs the George bill divorc ing the RFC from the commerce department and FDR already has said he will sign it Others on the speculation list for the RFC job include Henry Kaiser miracle shipbuilder and FEA Administrator Lee Crowley Report Goebbels Only Nazi Leader in Berlin London h e London Daily Mail reported from Stock holm Tuesday that the German government evacuated most of its offices from Berlin to Berchtcs gaden Adolf Hitlers Bavarian re treat last weekend The only wellrknown naz ii leader remaining in bombbat tered Berlin was Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels commandant for defense of the capital the dispatch said Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop was said to have gon to his castle at Fuschi near Salz burg in the Austrian Alps bu the foreign office spokesman Dr Ernst Braunweiler stayed in Ber lin to give the appearance tha everything was normal Heinrich Himmler commander of the home army interior minis ter and gestapo chief set up head quarters on the Pomeranian fron the Daily Mail said Martin Bormann nazi part leader was reported at Hitler side at Berchlesgaden main fortresses guarding the ap proaches to Stettin Monday They were the walled city of Stargard a 12way communications center 20 miles east of Stettin and tbe railway and highway junction of Naugard 28 miles northeast The Germans threw in reserves and launched numerous counter attacks in an effort to save Star gard but finally were driven from the fortress city with a loss more than dead and 35 anks From Stavgard a highway and railway run straight fo Stettins uburb of AHdamm on the east ank of the Oder opposite Stettin self Altdmm lies 15 miles vest of Stargard Zhukovs forces were converR on Stettin and the Oder estu ry alonff a front stretching all he way from the east bank of the Oder some 20odd miles south of he port to Kolberg on the Baltic 5 miles northeast of Stettin Southeast of Kolberg the first army linked up with Marshal Kon tantin K Rokossovskys 2nd White Russian army at Bad Pol zin and halved a 1200square mile enemy pocket looping around Belgard Tito Will Form New Yugoslav Government London Tito has jeen entrusted with formation of a new united Yugoslav govern ment in accordance with a rec ommendations of the Crimean con ference Belgrade dispatches said Tuesday Tito was given the mandate alter his national liberation cabi net and Dr Ivan Subasics royal Yugoslav government resigned Monday to clear the way for the formation of a coalition regime The action followed almost im mediately after the swearing in of 3 regents aproved by exiled King Peter They were Dr Srdjan Budisavjlevic a member of the Orthodox church and Dr Ante Mandic and Dushan Sremec both members of the Roman Catholic church ROYAL PALACE 1 Civilian Killed in Political Riot Rome civilian was killed another was injured and a British soldier was wounded when Ro mans waving red flags attempted to attack the royal palace Tuesday while Crown Prince TJmbcrto was inside Two bombs were thrown and shots were fired in the clash be tween mounted carabinieri and the crowd near the entrance Quirinal palace in the midst of an Italian political crisis by the escape of an Italian genera accused of war crimes Umberto who as lieutenant gen eral of the realm has taken ove the duties of King Vittorio Emart uele failed to appear during o after the disturbance in which th demonstrators shouted death t the king The crowd thousands strong marched to the Quirinal Colosseum square after a YANKS CANADIANS MEET NEAR 9th and British 1st army troops talk things over after the two armies effected a junction near Geldern Germany in the current advance from the Meuse and Roer rivers to the Rhine AP wirephoto munitions trucks food clpthin rid miscellaneous items fore re split into noanber of 3 ergent groups wbichYare bottled p in tbe mountains where supply s difficult movement restricted nd control and communications iresent insuperable obstacles These forces are being sub ected to continuous attack by air forces while the pressure f our ground forces compresses hem into a smaller and smaller maneuver space and our guerrilla prces constantly harass their ines of supply The largest enemy force was concentrated in the northeastern section of Luzon where 2 Ameri can divisions were steadily cut ing into the Japanese positions Two columns of the 32nd di vision were moving along the Villa Verde trail and up the Am bayang river while the 25th divi sion advancing north on highway 5 captured Puncan 11 miles from the Balete Pass A junction of the 2 divisions both aiming for Santa Fe where Villa Verde trail and highway meet would cut off a big segment of the Japanese northern pocket While the ground forces closed in American planes struck ahead to bomb and strafe enemy airfield Sat Echague Tugnegarao and of Indian Divisions Capture Meiktila in Burma to Trap 30000 Japs Gain Airfields In Central Burma UPifrArmored Indian 85 miles in lpaayscaptured Meiktiia 80 milessbuthjbfjMandalay Saturday virtually trapped jnbre thary 30000 Japanese defending the his port The lightning drive caught the Japanese flatfooted and complete ly severed all roads rail lines and communications leading south and southeastward from Mandalay The Japanese put up a 5day suicidal battle for Meiktila an important supply route in south ern Burma But while the main forces of the allied 14th army were razing the town other units swept 14 miles to the east and sprung a steel arc around the road and rail junction of Thazi General Katamuras 35th Japa nese army comprising more than 30000 combat troops in addition to auxiliaries was cut off at Man dalay from the enemy forces in the Rangoon and Moulmein areas along the southern Burma coast All supply routes to the Manda lay garrison were severed and the harassed enemy forces hafl only a secondary circuitous road Icad SENATE PASSES 2 CODE BILLS Sets Up Minimum Pay Qualifications DCS Moines a dis senting vote the senate Tuesday passed 2 school code measures in cluding one to provide minimum salaries for teachers ranging from 580 to a month depending on their training At present the ins to Kenff Tung near the Indo China border open for escape The road curved northeastwarc from Mandalay to Hsipwa 3i miles southwest of Lashio ant then southeast through treacher ous mountains to Keng Tung Chi nese troops of the northern com bat forces however were moving steadily southward and last wen reported less than 6 miles fron Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy from mas meeting there protesting the es cape of Gen Mario Roalla durin his trial on war crimes charges It was not clear immediately whether the one fatality was caused by troopers bullet or by a bomb explosion which accom panied the disturbance A political crisis loomed in the wake of Roattas escape Shortly after the shot was fired the crowd began to disperse and it was believed order would be re stored quickly The mass meeting had been called by communist socialist and other leftist parties Demands for the reorganiza tion of the government may topple the cabinet of Premier Ivanoe Bonomi and clear the way for the premiership for Count Carlo Sforza Vetoed by the British as foreign minister in the present government several weeks ago Sforza was expected to make a strong bid in the event Bonomis government fell Columns of carabinierl patrolled the streets guarded government buildings and the royal palace Work was suspended in all bn most essential industries for a mass protest meeting The demon stration was sponsored by social ists communists and opposition groups In an urgent measure evidently designed to combat the politica crisis the government announce the dismissal from his post of Gen Taddeo Orlando carabinieri chie and formerly an army general oi Roattas staff Like Roatta Or lando is wanted in Yugoslavia t stand trial on charges of wa crimes and the communist part has demanded his ouster Aparri wrecking a number grounded Japanese aircraft Lashio A communique also disclosed Thc Japanese that an additional 1068 Japanese dead were counted on Leytc bringing the total enemy killed on that island to 142000 avmy charged with defending Mandalay was be 2000 More War Workers on Strike Detroit new strike by jbout 2000 war workers haltet proauction by Gar Wood Indus tries Inc Tuesday Meanwhile efforts to settle a labor dispute which has shu down armament output at seven Brings Mfg Co plants since Thursday were unsuccessful The latest dispute in this ar senal area was a protest by mem bers of local 250 United Auto Workers CIO union against a change in shift hours It followed comany announcement that a 10 hour fiveday week would be put into effect instead of an eight hour sixday week Five plants were affected Eriggs strike Itsulcrs saifl they expected aid from JAW interna tional executive board members now meeting in New York in set THIRD SPURTS TOWARD RHINE NEARCOBLENZ Ninth Army Rences Rhine in Cologne Fights Past Cathedral BULLETIN COLOGNE first army captured Cologne Tuesday night it was officially announced Paris tP American troops fought through Cologne to the Rhine Tuesday night and in the south the U S 3rd army spurted 25 miles toward the Rhine in the Coblenz area American first army tanks and troops fought past the famous Dam cathedra in Cologne Ger manys 4th city and a front dis patch declared Cologne for all military purposes has fallen Three 3rd ar mored 8th and 104th infantry reached the Ringstrasse against surprisingly light opposition The Germans fought in what once was the walled section of Cologne by far the greatest traffic center in western Germany To the north Lt Gen William U Simpsons 9th army wiped out 11 but orfe small pocket on the Rhine south of the Duesseldorf uburb of Neuss and drove with he Canadians into the Wesel pocket farther down the Rhine The first army dosing swiftly o the middle Rhine south of Co ogne struck within S miles of the river center of Bonn Beyond the Kyll river on the approaches to Coblenz Lt Gen George Patterns 3rd army was de clared by the German communi que to have made a deep breach in nazi lines northeast burg Pattons movements minimum salary The other bill for teachers is would the minimum qualifications for teachers progressively until Aug 31 1952 after which the lowest certificate recoRnized would be the present standard elementary certificate which requires a minimum of Z years of college credit The salary bill originally drawn to provide minimums of SS5 to SBO was passed 46 to 0 The quali fication measure passed 47 to 0 Both measures now go to the Capture Italian Town n Advance Along 3istoiaBologna Road Rome S fifth army orces have captured the hamlet i Bisopra 13 miles southwest of Bologna alter scoring advances of 400 to 800 yanjs in a drive up 0th sides of the PistoiaBologna highway allied headquarters an nounced Tuesday With the town two 1250 foot jeights designated as hill 375 and ill 476 make up a line domi nating the area between the Bo ognaPistoia highway and the al ernate FlorenceBologna road to the east West of highway 64 where the U S 10th mountain division opened a strong attack 2 weeks ago American and Brazilian troops made some progress through rugged terrain Eighth army patrols probed the spit land separating the Valli DIComacchio lagoon from the Adriatic Italian troops cleared all the Germans out of the coastal woodlands in this area in a week end attack Allied flyers reported consider able movement in the German rear areas including much traffic in both directions along the Po valley highway leading to Bo logna Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy lievcd to constitute the bulk oi h the enemy forces still fighting in bm waj Bllnna adoption by voice An allici air task force con mcrdmeit by Senators John P sistiug larcely of American trans ports supplied the Indian col tling their dispute Approximately 15000 united workers CIO union members were affected by the walkout which began at the Mack Avenue plant in protest against dismissal of workers accused of instigating previous strikes Additional dis charges of men who allegedly or ganized the present walkout hove brought the number dismissed to 15 The plants produce Paris for B29 Superfortresses other air craft and tanks and ambulance bodies The UAWC1O local 212 execu largely blacked outrsirnilar to the secrecy prevailing the great Rhineland but he was reported moving swiftly The 50square mile Rhine bridgehead west bl Wesel was be in compressed rapidly by Amer ican Canadian and British troops battering the survivors of the Ger man first parachute army from 3 sides The German stand here ap peared in its last hours Boht Rhine bridges at Wesel were impassable although the Germans were striving to patch up the road bridge for further es capes to hastily dug defense po sitions east of the Rhine The 9th army cleaned the last Germans from pockets in the Khine bend ou its front and the first army swiftly was clearing the west bank on its sector from Co logne to Neuss Advances were up to 3 miies The main force of the first army however was in the rubble heap ed streets ot the great Cathedral city of Cologne itself Germans fought from dugouts in the ruins mainly with small arms and some cannon and with artillery support from across the Rhine British vanguards pushing through the Bonninghardt foresl only 8 miles from Wesel were meeting bitter resistance by nazi suicide squads RAF pilots said 2 bridges at Wesel were damaged seriously passed after tivc board decided Monday to re pounds o bombi V0i0 0 an roamon strike until the company railway bridge v umns whicji paced by Sherman tanks began the drive Feb 2 from the bridge head at the Irrawaddy Eight airfields in the Meiktilp area were captured and were be ing quickly repaired by American and Indian forces under Lt Rob ert S Brackett Los Angeles Cal Meiktila itself was practically ruined by the 5day battle in which heavy bombers and artil lery joined the ground forces An estimated 1200 Japanese were killed in the town Only a few prisoners taken Another 500 Japanese were killed as the Indians stormed across Burma in the surprise thrust which carried within 160 miles of the Thailand Convict Says Touhys Guns Wrapped in Flag Jplict 111 UR guns by which Roger Touhy and his gang escaped from Stateville pen itentiary Aug 14 1942 were smuggled into the prison wrapped in an American flag a Negro con Berg of Cedar Falls and Robert Keir of Spencer both republicans to boost the minimum scale As passed it provides these minimums Limited elementary certificate 10 semester hours of collcEC S80 limited ele mentary certificate plus 15 addi tional hours of college credit S85 certificate plus 30 hours of college credit S90 certificate plus 45 hours S95 and plus 60 hours nor mally 2 years of college SI 00 Keir in calling up the bill to increase minimum qualifications said that about 491 per cent of Towars rural teachers hoid only high school diplomas Dont you feel that cnactmenl of this bill would aggravate the 3rcsent teacher shortage askec Senator R B Hawkins RLeon Kcir declared because the bill provides for emergency wartime certificates The senate deferred action on 2 other school code bills One would provide for reorganization or syn chronization of school districts upon approval of the voters of the affected districts The other would create elective county boards of education and provide for appointment of coun ty superintendents At present einstates the discharged workers he company replied that under var labor board procedure no lispule can be negotiated during a strike The regional war labor board lad no comment vict revealed Tuesday Percy Campbell 54 admitted to Warden Joseph E Ragen that a brother of one of the gang mem bers induced him to provide the guns which enabled Touhy the Terrible and six others to make their break Buy your Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaiettc carrier boy Weather Report Mason cold FORECAST City Fair and continued Tuesday night Lowest about zero Wednesday increas ing cloudiness with rising tem perature Iowa Mostly air Tuesday night Somewhat colder in extreme cast portion Wednesday increas ing cloudiness with rising tem perature Minnesota Fair Tuesday night not quite so cold north portion county boards are chosen by coun ty conventions and superintend ents are elected by the presi dents of the boards of education within each county Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette I 1 carrier boy Wednesday becoming cloudy and warmer with light north and west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 24 Minimum Monday 1 At 8 a m Tuesday i Snowfall 2 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum 22 Precipitation 18 Monday by 347000 bombs One span of a was destroyed and the west end of a road bridge was blocked A ninth army armored division ivhfeh seized Orsoy just south of RhcinberB in a mile thrust Monday wiped out the last of 2 fixed ferry routes across the lower Rhine The other just south of Rccs was under close range Ca nadian artillery fire The Germans blew their last Duisburg bridges Monday and aerial reconnaissance showed the great Hohenzollern bridge at Co ogne gaping and unusable Farther south the news black out imposed on V S third army operations in order to screen Us progress from the retreating enemy was still in force but front dispatches were permitted to re veal Rains of up to 2S miles on a 25 mile front stretching from 8 miles southeast of Bitburg to 8 miles northeast of Pruem Lt Gen George S Paltons troops repulsing 7 counterattacks in the past 24 hours captured 3 towns on the west bank of the Kyll river and made new cross ings to the east bank Lissingen one of the towns that tell is 44 miles from the Rhine city of Co blenz American Infantry reached the Rhine in another place 4 miles south of Duesseldorf They cleared Rheinkassel 5 miles north of Co logne and were on the outskirts of Lanfel miles farther north On the southwestern outskirts of Cologne the 104th division pushed to the southern suburbs I without opposition Outside the I city the troops captured the great IGoldcnbcrg power station wUicb ;