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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 6, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI THE NIWSPAPfR THAT MAKES ALL MOUTH IOWANS NEICHMMV HOME EDITION ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 61940 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 129 ITALIAN CARGOES DECLARED PRIZES Practical Limits on Warships By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist NAVAL EXPERTS are talking now about battleships of 70000 tons apiece No craft of that size ever has been built but competent authorities tes tily that theyd be perfectly practica We And gosh but they would be strong Thirty five thousand ton ners are ailoat now Forty to fortyfive thou s a n d tonners are under seri STEWART ous Considera tion There are three objections to 70000 tons One is that a vessel of that size would be enormously expensive to build But that doesnt greatly matter The money can be dug up by any country which spends well into the billions annually Objection No 2 is that no yards are available on earth ot sufficient capacity to do the building Still adequate yards can be provided Objection No 3 presents a harder problem to solve There isnt much ocean with sufficient water in it for a 70000tonner to operate in Seventy thousand tons could swish around in midAtlan tic or midPacific to be sure but when that much dead weight gets inshore where it can be useful there wouldnt be depth enough to accommodate it For example one of Britains complaints in connection with its maritime campaign against Ger many is that the North seas too shallow lor John Bulls lighting boats in excess of such pewees as ten or twelve thousand tons If J Bulls really big vessels could get in there they soon would clean up Herr Hitlers pocket scrappers They cant get in though They require more water than the North sea bathtub provides Panama Canal Use And suppose we had three or four 70000 tonners In the event of general hostilities wed want to keep them chasing back nd forth through the Panama canal licldng Germany some forenoon in the Caribbean and whaling Ja pan on the Pacific side the next afternoon or two Now at present writing a 70 000 tonner couldnt get through that canal True we have a new set of locks Possibly 70000 tons could skimp past on their basis but even thats doubtful It would scrape both sides and the bottom at best Otherwise the trip around Cape Horn would be exceedingly monotonous in an emergency It wouldnt be very funny to have 70000 American battleship tons stuck in the canal either Note for Landlubbers I dont suppose our landlubberly inland population such as that of Iowa where I was brought up visualizes 70000 oceangoing tons Well Daniel Defoe in the days of Robinson Crusoe referred to a large ship of 800 tons In our Civil war period American ship builders mentioned a 10000 ton ner as a vonder I could cite men tions of nearimpossibili ties Within my own comparatively short life Ive crossed the Atlantic a couple of times aboard 8000 tons and once I crossed the Pa cinc on 16000 That tub was rated as a whale From South America 1 once journeyed on a 5100 tonner to Boston thence through Long Island sound to New York That boat with a 21foot draft got through the sound with a one foot clearance I know because I was Capt Frederick S Leicesters personal friend and I typewrote his Yankee manifests knowing the touch system A 70000 tonner trying to get through Long Island sound would throw water over both banks and then stick in the channel So while as an expert I dont count for anything Ive had some experience Seventy thousand tons sounds large to me It can lick anything it finds it can get to the enemy Compliments lowan on 6 Sons on Warship WASHINGTON Edison has written Clarence F Patton of Odebolt Iowa compli menting him because his six sons soon will be on duty together aboard the U S S Nevada It is a demonstration of practical pat riotism ot the highest order Edison said Highway Patrol Relays Race With Serum CEDAR RAPIDS relav slipnm CEDAR RAPIDS relay of highway patrolmen raced from Des Moines to Cedar Rapids a distance of 119 miles in less than two hours early Wednesday bringing serum to treat a case of acute septicemia of the blood stream Russell Shpppard 21 of Man chester a truck driver who was reported to be suffering from the infection was reported by hospi tal attendants to be in fair con dition Wednesday noon Hospital attendants said his condition at midnight was critical when his physician called Des Moines and asked for the serum of which the local supply was ex hausted Before a in Pa trolman Woods left the capital and WOULD REDUCE U S ILL WILL OVERBLOCKADE Allies Begin Special Efforts to Iron Out Shipping Difficulties By ANDRUE HERDING WASHINGTON ff Great Britain and France began special efforts Wednesday to iron out dif ficulties with the United States arising from allied attempts to blockade Germany Frank AshtonGwatkin an ad viser to the British ministry of economic warfare and Charles Rist formerly deputy governor of the Bank of France were here to confer with Secretary Hull and other state depavtment officials The problems that confront them are embraced within the series of American notes sent to Britain in December and January They in volve 1 Taking American ships into contraband control ports within the European combat area 2 Censorship of American mails 3 Undue delays in examining American ships at Gibraltar 4 Blocking German exports to the United States The matter of taking American ships into the combat bidden by the neutrality parently is on the road to settle ment The British took one United States ship into the combat area at Kirkwall Scotland but Ameri can reaction was unfavorable and they have not repeated the step It seems likely they will refrain from doing so hereafter Censorship of American mails still is under discussion but the disagreement has been partly through the refusal of the American postoffice department to accept parcel post and certain kinds of checks money orders cash etc in the transAtlantic airmail The delay to American ships at Gibraltar has been decreased by the British The United States government complained in a note early in the winter that the average delay to American ships there was 12 days This was dropped to 37 days but United States officials think there is room for further im provement On the question of blocking German exports lo the United States Britain has agreed to make some exemptions in the case ot American purchasers who had paid for German goods before Jan 1 Be ready to join the parade 15 SHOPPING DAYS LEFT Patrolmen Hallgren and Parr of the local station were summoned to Grinnellby state police radio The patrolmen made the relay at Grinnell at a m and de livered the life giving serum at a local hospital before a m Stop Its Wonderful Its Leap Year and Even a Mechanical Man Cant Evade the Dash and Allure of 1940 Girls rEven Ule mechanical man Jimmy is realiziiiff this is leap year Jimmy built by C E Jones was shown by his owner before a high school assembly Tuesday afternoon The program was called Dancing Electrons The performance fairly thrilled the high school students and many of hern wanted to know more about Jimmy Lorraine Johnston daughter ofMr and Mrs K J Johnston 203 Twentieth street southeast tried a little necking You can see bv the look on his face that Jimmy was bewildered He registered stop but Lorramc only said Remember Jimmy its leap yeur Lock pholo Kaycnay engraving l CK AMENDMENT IS TURNED DOWN Refuse to Legalize Voluntary Political Acts of US Workers WASHINGTON senate rejected Wednesday a proposal to legalize voluntary political activity by federal employes Such activity now is restricted by the Hutch amipolitics Inv The vote was 44 to 41 The chamber acted after Demo cratic Leader Barkley had said that n vote for the proposal would endanger the democrats chances of success in this years national election The senate action came on an amendment by Senator Miller D Ark to pending legislation by Senator Hatch D N M which would broaden the present law to cover state and local employes paid partly from federal funds Only Pupil in School Never Must Stand in Corner for Whispering RACKET Mo Six year old Bobby Dulaban never has to stand in the corner for whisper ing Theres nobody to whisper to in Cooper rural school There were three other pupils but they moved away We start each day with the Good Morning song said Teach er Dorothy Johnson but often Bobby and I get to laughing at each other and our duct is ended Surrenders for Chasing Census Taker MILWAUKEE W i s James Rosselli the shoemaker who chased the census taker rnarchcc into the federal building Wednes day and surrendered with th smiling announcement Im the beeg criminal they looking for Rosselli said he WHS ready to surrender to the federal govern ment and become the first man in 1340 prosecuted for refusal lo answer census questions Census Taker John W Girman charged Rosselli chased him when he sought data on Rossellis shoe repair and hat blocking shops at Kenosha Wis and Harvard III Rosselli retorted that the census taker was a beeg I can prove it and added that he was willing to answer questions put to him The 250 pound Rosselli wore a broad grin and a stubble of beard on his jutting chin when he walked into the federal building His massive physique was draped in a green and black stripedlum bermans jacket Jl was his big moment and he was enjoying it Newsmen told Rossclli the cen sus law made him liable to S500 fine and six months imprisonment and asked him what he thought of it Its a pretty good law he pronounced Rosselli had a lawyer Charles A Lepp with him Mr Rosselli isnt showing his books to every Tom Dick and the lawyer interjected MANY RUSSIAN DEAD LEFT BY VIIPURI ATTACK Finns Report Several Dozen Soviet Tanks Have Been Destroyed By MAX HARRELSON HELSINKI of Rus sian dead were left by new red army assaults on the Karelian isthmus battlefront the Finnish high command reported Wednes day declaring that further thrusts against Viipuri had been turned back The heavy Russian losses were said to have been inflicted in the Vuoksi river sector southeast of the besieged city where the Finns said several dozen soviet tanks had been destroyed Aircraft tanks and artillery supported the Russian thrust across the ice but the Finns still struggling for possession of the strategic Viipuri area turned hack the attack The red army also attacked many land points on the Viipuri sector between the bay and the Vuoksi but the Finns said all at tacks had been repulsed Heaps Russian dead in front ot the Finnish battle posi tions were described by a Fin nish communique which said that dozens of tanks had been de stroyed Soviet air raids behind the battle lines killed 40 persons and wounded many others during at tacks Tuesday on Mikkeli Lahtis and Kuopio Ten enemy raiders were shot donn the Finns said adding that their own air force un dertook numerous patrol and bombing flifflits in support of our land forces operations Big coastal guns swept the ice of Viipuri bay on the flank of the depopulated halfruined Karelian capital Bombs and shells ploughed great holes in the ice and some of the Russian troops and tanks were plunged into the water Early Wednesday Finlands flag blue cross on a field of white fluttered from historic Vii puri castle although the red army was pounding at the very gates of the city and Finns themselves acknowledged that Viipuri could not be held much longer HOLYFAlLY GAGERS LOSE Mason City School Defeated by Dowling in Semifinal Round SPORTS BULLETIN FORT DODGE IP Holy Family high school of Mason City lost to Dowling of Des Moines Wednesday afternoon in the semifinal round of the Iowa Catholic basketball meet 29 to 24 The Maroons will try for consolation honors in a Wednes day night contest The Maroens were defeated last year in the semifinal round but went on to win the tion taking third place in the slate ranking Republicans Hail Goodwin Victory as 40 Indication Declare 1938 GOP Comeback Has Carried Through to Present BLAMES SPAKKS IN BLAST WASHINGTON Ickcs made public Wednesday a bureau of mines report that the Bartley W Va mine explosion on Jan 10 which killed 91 men probably was caused by sparks from faulty electric equipment Women Growing Healthier Than Men tffar rfuiiiiy talltv Of IPSS than 7 fonf ji Associated Press Science Editor NEW YORK American women are growing healthier than the men and their superiority is so great that in every decade of life from cradle to old age fewer fcmales die than males A surplus of women is in pros pect as a result of this trend lis iires published Wednesday by an insurance company indicate women to escape death covers the present century up to 1937 the last year when data are available During Ihis long period the death rate of white male babies under 1 year old decreased 61 per cent of girls 63 At 20 Ihc young mens death rate dropped per cent the young women B3 At 40 the men were down 40 per cert the women 52 At 60 males experienced a reduction in mor tality of less than 7 per cent against 26 for the women The women were ahead at the start ot the century and have im proved their positions ever since In this situation and in Hie absence of any substantial immi gration says the Metropolitan Life report it is very likely that the ratio of females to males in our population will show a con tinuing increase Tremendous social trends that may flow from such a female sur plus are mentioned in a separate analysis of European nations where due to the World war there are for a time surpluses of women of marriageable age with a shortage of husbands One result was a serious discussion of per mitting polygamy Another was mamage of older men to young women with increasing divorce nnd a drop in childbearing DES MOINES republicans Wednesday hailed the partys victory in the sixth Iowa district congressional election as an indication that the 1938 G O P comeback in the corn belt has carried over into the presidential year of 1940 Robert K Goodwin 35 Red field mayor farmer and manufac turer won the special election to fill out the unexpired term of Representative C C Des Moines republican Goodwins margin over Byron G Allen of Des Moines his new deal opponent was more than three to two The winner polled 29248 votes in 212 of this nor mally republican districts 218 precincls Allens share was 18 710 J Dowel who served nearly a quarter century in the lower house died Feb 4 fn Washington Chairman John Hamilton of the Republican Na tional committee declared the GOP tide was moving higher Not only was the new deal tho clearcut issue in this election he said but the success of its farm policies was likewise an is sue Representative Ditter RPa chairman of the National Repub lican Congressional committee said the result further demon strates the strong republican tide moving throughout the country In this typical farm district the home of the new deal sec retary of agriculture he said our republican candidate car ried all six of the counties As in Ohio also the Iowa election repulsed a leader in the Roose velt third term movement With six precincts missing Goodwin polled 604 per cent of the total vote compared with s88 per cent for Allen and 8 per cent for W W Klein Des Moines razor blade salesman who ran as an independent Kleins total was 405 Tlie total vole approached 49 000 compared with 00561 in the 1938 general election Dowell two years ago received 5308 per cent of the vote as he defeated Hubert Utterback the democratic nom inee by a count of 53505 to 37 056 Utterbacks proportion was 4092 per cent Goodwin an AAA cooperator on his 280 acre Dallas county farm took the ivind out of Al lens efforts to make the federal fsfrm program an issue The re publican nominee talkefl parity prices for the farmer in ap proved AAA fashion while his foe was declaring that the elec tion would constitute either an indorsement or repudiation of Henry Wallace in the latters home district Two years ago the republicans captured seven of the states nine congressional seals swept the slatehouse and pretty nearly over turned Senator Guy M Gillette despite that democratic nominees buildup as a target in a Roosc vcltian purge primary Only once in Iowa history has this area gone democratic in a congressional election In 1934 Ut terback defeated Dowell 50 828 to 42024 In I93G However Dowell came back to win with a vote of 63026 against 55975 for Henry Dunlap democratic nominee Goodwin will serve in congress only until Jan 3 under an agree ment that he would not be a can didate in the spring primaries Allen however had no strings tied to his candidacy and he may try it again in June The winner is a partner in a Rcdfield brick and tile business Ife has n wife and two children Robert F 3 and Ami 5 The family lives in Des Moines in the wintertime His election marks the first time in 50 years that an outside county candidate triumphed in a congressional election in this area Besides his farm platform Goodwin campaigned on a reduc tion of federal spending through the elimination of hundreds of thousands of unnecessary payroll crs real jobs at real wages for the unemployed and federal poli cies of encouragement to business Mrs Nollen Wife of Iowa Insurance Executive Is Dead DES MOINES Ge rard S Nollen 59 wife of the president of the Bankers Life company died at her home here Wednesday of heart disease KOBERT K GOODWIN DUTCH SUB IS RAMMED SINKS 2 of Crew Drowned 17 Others Narrowly Escape From UBoal HELDER Netherlands Two of 29 members of the crew of the Dutch submarine Oll were drowned Wednesday and 17 others narrowly escaped when the sub marine sank after being rammed amidships by a naval tug Seventeen members ot the crew escaped through the Conning tower after it had been rammed Ten men were on deck at the time of the collision They jumped and swam ashore The submarine sank wilhintwi minutes Nineteen men were stii aboard Tugs and small craft rushed to the spot Within 18 min utes the periscope of lie subma rine appeared above the surface Five minutes Intcithe crew suc ceeded in bringing the greater part of the submarine above the sur face The Weather FORECAST IOWA Mostly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday occa sional Hght rain extreme south east Wednesday night snow flurries west and central Thurs day somewhat colder Thurs day MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday snow showers west and central Thursday and extreme west Wednesday night somewhat colder Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather slatis lics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday niclil At 8 a m Wednesday YEAR AGO Maximum 25 Minimum 7 Precip 17 Snowfall 3 indies LOOK INSIDE FOR VIACHESLAV M MOLOTOV Will Visit Rumania to Sign NonAggression PAGE 2 North Iowa Farmers to Meet at Kanawha PAGE 11 Mason City Set to Go in Thursday Contest PAGE iO BRITAIN 8 SHIPS LOADED WITH NAZI COAL Tightens Grip to Halt All SeaBorne Exports From Leaving Germany LONDON Wed nesday ordered the cargoes of eight Italian lo be coal from as prizes in her tightening campaign halt all seaborne exports from Germany V Nine Italian ships had been herded into the contraband con trol station at the Downs but the ninth ship the Loasso was released V It was established that she sailed from Rotterdam where the Italian coal flotilla loaded on March 1 before the order to halt German coal shipments to Italy was issued Two of the llaliiin ships wcve herded into the Downs station Wednesday The ministry ot economic war fare said all nine were flying lie Italian ensign and all were as sumed to be carrying coal Wednesdays additions to the growing list were the Liana and Rapido The other seven are the Orata Felce Catcrina Absertia Krnesto Numidia and Loasso If If Sf Ill lie face of erowingr Kalian indignation British warships checked the Rome Berlin coal axis by driving fuelladen ships into a contraband control sta tion as fast as they headed for Italy The British foreign office draft ed a formal reply to Italys pro testat stoppage of German coal exports to Italy British destroyers were waiting for others of a fleet ot Italian col liers preparing to sail from Rot terdam The British and Italian govern ments arc at odds over the ques tion of supplying Italys coal needs from British mines Britain insists on taking man ufactured Italian products such as arms rather than agricultur al products in exchange for such coal British credits for export of coal to Italy ivere said how ever to have been available for some lime so lhat Italy could obtain the British coal now and settle later on what Britain is in get in exchange The British showed determina tion to break the German coal export trade with Italy at any cost The trade went uninterrupted until Saturday when the British clamped down Sources close to the ministry of economic warfare said this was not in any way a reprisal for Die temporary diffi culties which have arisen in Brit isnrtaliaii commercial and finan cial talks in Home The Yorkshire Post however in an editorial Wednesday said innor Mussolini must not sup pose that we are in this war half heartedly and fear to exert our full influence with neutrals We were willing lo tome in a war Irade agreement with II Duce for the benefit both of his country and ours Negotiations have broken down because of his unwillingness lo supply us in return for coal with certain heavy goods A source close to the British foreign office said Britain was not inclined to view the matter as a crisis or anything like it In Rome however authorita tive Italians declared the actual seizure of the conl ships tended lo bring relations lo the crisis Fear AntiBritish Demonstrations HOME polite were stationed near the British embassy Wednesday as a precaution against possible Italian demonstrations against Britains seizure of Ger man coal aboard Italian ships The demonstrations failed to lake place however There had been rumors lhat students were planning to organize them Seizure of the coal ships lends to bring relations between Rome and London to a crisis authorita tive Italians declared Italys industrial life hangs upon imports of coal Studying reports that British warships were escorting ship after ship into contraband control in application of the allies twoway blockade to cover Italian fuel im ports from Germany authoritlvc quarters declared It was complicated and made the ItalianBritish dispute more ;