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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 5, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE tHl NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10 WANS NII6HIORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY WCATMBB Windy night with Strong colder altcrwtwi near 2t Clearing with low near S betow VOL LVU Associated Press and United Press Full Plra Gsnts Copjri MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 5 1951 This Paper Consirts of Two One Afons Opinion A Kadlo Commentary W EARL HALL Editor The Skilled Worker in Our Economy QUIETLY and almost unnoticed by the general public a de velopment of tremendous im portance to Americas present and future has been moving ahead these past 15 or 20 years My reference is to a farflung program for training craftsmen in the trades While this program had its in ception in a congressional enact the Fitzgerald bill adopted in 1937 it is far more than a government project In a most heartening way it joins in coop eration and mutual helpfulness the basic components of Amer ican citizenry labor managemen and the public through schools federal and state governments and local committees At latest report throughout American industry the number of young men in training for careers as craftsmen in these skilled trades approached a quarter of a million That it must be noted is not much more than half as many as are needed But and this is the hope ful aspect of the matter its times more than there would be without such a forward looking program Growth Has Been Rapid More than half of our states and it least 4 of our territorial posses sions have availed themselves of apprenticeship training benefits under this federal act to which I have Public Law 308 Young men are in training today In more than 560 skilled occupa tions under 110 trade classifica tions Interestingly enough great est participation has been in the building trades At its beginning and in the time the program was put into operation men in management men from labor men representing government and public spirited citizens men interested only in their fellows wellbeing have been willing to sit down at a table and reason together There have been no recrimina tions such as too often there are when wages and other matters of mutual cpncern to management and labor are involved TEefe has been no disposition on the part of either to look upon the other as our natural enemy The only question asked has been Whats good for all of us whats good lor our country History Lights the Way And that I think is why such a fair and workable progranvlhas been achieved By taking a long look this business of apprentice training does extend back almost to the dawn of record ed charged with this responsibility have been able to take a long look ahead History and experience constitute the one most effective torch for lighting the path into the future First reference to apprenticeship leems to have been contained in a Babylonian code of laws 50 cen turies or so ago more or less Plato and Xenophon the Athenian his torian took note of apprenticeship in what have come down to us as the ancient Greek classics Romans In the Caesarian age indentured apprentices in many trades Copies of apprenticeship indentures have even been found sealed in Egyp tian tombs Somewhat later but still a long time ago we find that in the time of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table it required a fearful amount of apprenticeship to get to the top There was 7 years as a page followed by 7 years as a squire before the grad uation ceremony at which the now ihiiost middleaged man in armor ould receive his certificate of knighthood Workers Were Shorted As a matter of fact down through the centuries the agree ment looking to the training of apprentices has been a bit one favor of the employer It was true in the guilds of Europe between the 14th and the 19th centuries It was true in our own colonial and early republic days And the condition has persisted clear down to contemporary times The case of Benjamin Franklin Is illustrative of this In 1718 at age 12 he was indentured to his elder brother James to learn the printing trade The training was to extend over a period of 9 years with a journeymans wage to be paid to him his last he remained on the job that long To help with his food lodging and other necessaries Frank lins father paid the elder brother 10 pounds An apprentice in those days of course lived with his em ployer At age 15 young Ben turned vegetarian and was able to persuade James to pay him the price of the food promised him that instead of actually feeding him Meat it seems was high tven in those days No Short Cut Possible In his autobiography Franklin recalls that he was able to subsist a bisket and a stick of bread CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Big 4 Talk Hinges on German Plan Allies Will Find What Reds Want Paris Russia Monday proposed a peace treaty with Germany withdrawal of allied troops front that country and reduction of treat powers armed forces as matters for Bit 4 foreign ministers discussion an official who attended a depu ties conference disclosed Paris ff The west served notice Monday that unless Russia will talk world problems other than Germany there probablj wont be any Big 4 foreign minis ters conference As the ministers deputies pre pared to meet here Monday to seek an agenda for the proposed talks U S Representative Philip Jessup said if the Soviets seek to limit the list of topics to Germany there is little likelihood the high erlevel conference will take place The western Big 3 Britain France and the United States are completely in accord on their views Jessup told a news confer ence Though the deputies task is lim ited to agendaplanning western leaders believe that the Soviets po sition in the current task wil show them perhaps within 2 hours whether Russia really wants to seek a conferencetable settlement of cold war problems Aligned with Jessup is Ernest Davies from Britain and Alexan der Parodi secretarygeneral of the French foreign ministry Rus sias Deputy Foreign Minister An drei Gromyko is playing the kremlins cards Atom Bombs Could Destroy Russia Bush No AllOut War Soon Scientist Believes Washington Vannevar Bush one of the codevelopers of Jie atomic bomb says this coun try without question could de stroy Russia with Abombs if she started a war in Europe We could destroy not only the sey centers from which her arm es would be supplied but also political centers and the com munications of her armies on the march Bush said on a Mutual broadcast Sunday night Initially equipped with weap ons and supplies those armies might keep rolling for a time but here be no Russia behind them as we know it today The answer to this is that the armies will not roll No allout war is in sight for the immediate luture unless they or we make some serious error indeed Bush now president of the arnegie Institution of Washing ton is a former chairman of the nations research and develop ment board He spoke for the Committee on The Present Dan er a group of prominent citi zens urging a strong defense for his country in cooperation with other free nations Bush said that while this coun ry now could destroy Russia with bombs it cannot count in definitely on strategic bombing and therefore ground forces must je built up in Europe to hold ack the hordes while we strike by other means AP Witcphoto Battershaw 21 Omaha and Victor Sweet 24 Hart ington Nebr held on charges of robbery broke out of the Douglas county jail in Omaha Sunday afternoon with the help of a guntoting visitor who forced a deputy sheriff and an attorney along as hostages Start Midwest Manhunt for 2 Escapees Helper By ODELL HANSON Omaha midwest manhunt was on Monday for two jailbreakers And an armed confederate who kidnaped and later released 4 hostages in a brazen break for freedom Sun day Nine harrowing hours for the deputy sher iff an attorney a farmer and an Omaha ended shortly before midnight on a farm near Auburn There the fugitives stole another Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Mostly cloudy and windy Monday night and Tuesday Warmer southeast and extreme Osage Man Killed in Korean Action Bruce Hills son of Mr and Mrs Les Hills of Osage was killed in action in Korea ac cording to word received by his parents from the department of defense Yanks French Troops Rip North Koreans in Smash at Hill Fortress Soy Sen Murray Helped Get RFC Loan tor Hotel Washington investigators Monday developed evidence Senator Murray DMont interceded with the RFC to make a loan to a Miami Beach hotel and his son James Murray got fee for service in that and allied cases east Monday much colder Monday night night Turning northwest late and over entire state Tuesday Change to cold er will reach cold wave pro portions in northwest Tuesday Low Monday night 5 to 10 above extreme northwest 32 to 37 southeast Strong westerly winds Tuesday Further out look Clearing with diminishing winds Tuesday night with low 6 below zero northwest 15 above southeast Partly cloudy and cold Wednesday with high 10 to 20 Minnesota Cloudy light to mod erate snow northwest but only light snow or snow flurries elsewhere Monday night and Tuesday Strong winds and con siderable drifting snow Fairly mild early Monday night south and central but cold wave late Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night ranging from zero to 10 below northwest to near 30 in extreme southeast with falling temperatures Tuesday Low Tuesday night around 20 below north and 515 below south IN MASONCITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday March 5 Maximum 32 Minimum 20 At 8 a m 25 YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 33 GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a rn Sunday Maximum 25 Minimum 1 At 8 a m 6 YEAR AGO Maximum 26 Minimum 15 Man Laughs Professionally Through U S Hard Times By JOHN KOSENBURG New York Collier is a man who refused to stop laugh ng for a living And today he has a new laugh on life The contented laugh I guess I can now consider my self a success he said I never dreamed Id be doing so well Collier a jovial 200pounder began laughing professionally about 1945 He charged from to for a guffawing job His employers usually were comedians or producers of Broadway shows who liked to have him sit in the audience and laugh at the right ime I was moderately successful until 1948 he said when busi ness suddenly slumped Everyone seemed to lose their sense of hu mor When I laughed no one would laugh with me Naturally f I couldnt make people laugh I couldnt get jobs Collier said he became so de pressed his work slipped Hed ct off the truculent laugh or the horse laugh all right but he couldnt make them ring true It got so bad he almost quit laughing As a matter of doesnt like to admit actual ly turned to sneezing He had hopefully worked up a repertoire of 25 sneezes he does almost 200 different types of laughs but it wasnt much help As he ex plained It was a bad winter if you re member I had colds all the time And that summer I had hay fev er It threw my timing off nat urally Thwarted at sneezing by nature and discouraged at laughing by an unresponsive public Collier was about to give up and become a salesman when he landed a job in television The market for laughs began to boom he said Before I knew it I had a regular 5times a week kiddie program The program in which Im billed as Mr Giggle is going very well And it looks as though it will run a long time Which means of course that we eat regularly and pay the rent auto their 3rd and continued their flight after tieing up the hostages Sheriffs officers were amazed to leara that the flight started on an Omaha city bus With two hostages in tow the fugitives boarded the bus at a corner out side the Douglas county court bouse in downtown Omaha where the jail is located They rode about 20 blocks before debarking and commandeering an autg i The escaped prisoners described asT ftough are Dewey Battershaw 21of and Victor Sweet 24 of Harfiri Nebi SThey were being hi bonds on charges of ing up an Omaha filling station Jan 17 Prisoners Brother Douglas County Sheriff Richard Collins identified liberator as Clifford 16 brother of Dewey Posing as aSunday visitor the gunman invadedthe 6th floor jail got the jail keys at gunpoint locked two deputy sheriffs in a cell and released the prisoners Taken as hostages were Deputy Sheriff Clifford Hansen 51 and Omaha Attorney John N Bald win 62 who had called at the courthouse tovisit a client and got in the way of the jailbreak party Leavingthe building the group boarded a bus Baldwin and Hansen said they considered making a break for freedom but were afraid that sev eral children aboard the bus might get hurt It was their one and only good escape chance they said Leaving the bus the fugitives accosted Nate Distefano of Omaha abducted him and took his car Out of Gas About two hours later on the Gretna Nebr farm of Otto Timm about 20 miles southwest of Omaha the car ran out of gas The 3 hostages still in tow the fugitives forced Timm into Timms late model car and drove away About 7 p m 5 hours after the break the escape car got stuck in mud near Auburn about 50 miles south of Omaha For 4 hours the men and hostages waited at the farm until Farmer Werner Oestman and his family returned Oestman and the hostages were bound up before the men drove away in Oestmans car The released men said they had not been harmed but that the fugitives talked tough The host ages were kept in the back seat and young Battershaw whom they described as trigger happy kept a German luger pistol trained on them throughout After being left tied up at the farmhouse the hostages worked themselves free of their bonds There being no phone on the place Eastman walked a half mile to a neighbors farm to notify au thorities Sheriffs deputies picked up the released men and returned them to Omaha AP WIrephoto Attorney John Baldwin Omaha Lawyer SAME DATE BlMk flat traffic teath fail 2i hairs Tells His Story Never So Says Freed Attorney E D I T O RS NOTE John Jack Baldwin Omaha at torney was one of 4 men held prisoner for 9 hours Sunday by two desperate prisoners who es caped from the Douglas county jaiL Here is his description of the By JACK BALDWIN As Told to United Press Omaha Ive never talked so long and so hard in or out of a courtroom and Ive never been so scared I was waiting for the elevator when I saw Deputy Sheriff Cliff Hansen and 3 other fellows com ing out I spoketo Cliff and then I saw the gun They told me to come along and Cliff said they werent kidding so I went he said it was a stickup Led Parade I had to lead the parade and act like everything was all right We walked outdoors and walked right on to the bus It was crowded I saw a friend of mine and he saw me but there wasnt any way to let him know what was going on It was a temptation to be n hero But soon got over it when we saw so many youngsters U S Urges Recruiting oi UN Army By STANLEY JOHNSON United Nations N Y United States Monday suggested that the United Nations recruit a volunteer international army to combat aggression anywhere in the world Such a UN legion the U S told a meeting of the UN collective measures committee would sup plement units of national armies which it simultaneously asked member countries to assign to the UN Pointing to the struggle against communist aggression in Korea the U S warned the UN is engaged in action against aggres sion at this time none of us knows how soon it mayagain be called to take similar action The national interest of all countries will be most effectively served by full participation in a universal collective security sys tem under the UN The U S said it hoped substan tial progress towards this goal will be made by next fall The sugges tion was put forward by U S Representative Harding Bancroft at the 1st meeting of the commit tee The voluntary UN legion was originally suggested 5by Secretary General Trygveilae on the bus Somebody would have been killed They were trigger happy and would just as soon have killed us as not We got off the bus and got right in another carI thoughtit was part of a plan but soon realized the fellow we picked up was a fine young man who was as amazed as I was Strange Fear We all experienced a strange kind of fear We knew that if the slightest thing happened wed get bumped off Those fellows hated policemen But I just kept talking to them They asked me about the law on escape and kidnaping I told them it wasnt too bad if we werent hurt They didnt hurt us although they talked a lot One of the fellows decided he wanted to shoot craps after we got in that farm house I never had such good luck in my life I won back a dollar of the money they took from me But I gave it back They needed it more than did I cant say enough about Cliff Hansen the deputy sheriff He was superb all the way through It it hadnt been for his handling of the situation they would have killed us Ill never be as scared again as I was Sunday The younger Murray is an attorney here and was paid at torney fees Free Room A senate banking subcommit tee also made public hitherto se cret testimony which Senator Ful bright DArk said showed Don ald Dawson a white house aide stayed on a complimentary basis at a luxurious Miami Beach hote that received a federal loan The committee swung its spot Iffeht to the Murrays and Dawson after 1st getting testimony from Hilton W Robertson a loan ex aminer for the RFC that he his wife and daughter spent a rent free 10day vacation at the plushy Saxony hotel at Miami Beach in 1949 Robertson said he had helpec put through a loan to the hotel Fulbright said Dawson also stayed at the Saxony which has a minimum rate of a day for a single room He said Dawsons visits were in December 1949 and April 1950 The senate committee is inves tigating charges of influence anc favoritism in RFC lending Ful bright is its chairman Records Tell The senators developed the story of the Murrays Dawson anc Robertson through both testimony nrpduction of RFC records The somewhat tangled thread all tied to one central New York attorney named George Glassgold Glassgold handled RFC loan applications as follows for the SaxpnS for th Sorrento hotel also at Miami Beach and for the Max well company Miami Beach deal ers in hotel equipment Senate Rejects Morse Draft Age Proposal By GEORGE E REEDY JR Washington adminis tration won a major test on its military manpower bill Monday when the senate rejected a pro posal to set the lower draft age at 181 years instead of 18 The proposal sponsored by Sen Wayne Morse ROre was re jected on a roll call vote of 55 to 31 It was offered as an amend ment to the administrations 18 yearold draft bill The presen bottom draft age is 19 The vote foreshadowed a general administration victory on the whole manpower bill Morse proposed a number of amend ments but his 18iyearpld pro posal was conceded to have hat the best chance Sen Robert A Taft ROhio supporting Morse said that an ISJyearold draft would give the defense department all the men i needs But Senate Democratic Leader Ernest W McFarland Ariz saic the senate should not snipe a these defense measures direct methods WHERE ONE MAN MET Asmussen 63 of Chelsea was klFleTsun day morninp when his car was struck by an eastbound North Western passenger train at Chelsea The auto was carried 50 feet along the track then went off the track and the wreckage is shown in this view Witnesses said the signal lights were working at the Lime of the crash Two other Chelsea persons were killed at the same crossing about 18 months ago Reds Flee to Build New Line Enemy Dislodged From Mountain Tokyo S infantry men with screaming artilley support routed an estimated 6000 North Korean reds Mon day from a mountain stronf hold in central Korek The communists gunbrist ing stronghold was hit from 3 sides by the U S 7th divi sion and the U S 2nd division with its French elements The allied punch forced the reds to flee to a hastily built new line of resistance to north f Alms for Destruction Col William iuinn commander of the attack forces said Im going to destroy those blank check out farther over those hilli The North Koreans fought sharp from well dugln positions lor short time before they broke They were trying to buy time lor building up a probable counter assault on the allies on the cen tral and western fronts The reds were remnants of North Korean 3rd corps Quinnwho only two days ago led an attack which was believed to have put the North Korean 15th division out of actionHid We1 got the 15th and now the 1st number one on out hit parade Associated Correspondent Tom Stone reported that the stronghold was bristling with emy troops gun emplacements tunnels log bunkers and fretM dug trenches The smash at the red redoubt was launched after allied troops beat off localized red attacks at both ends of the central front In the middle sector the U S 1st marine division pressed north ward througha narrow mountain canyon north of Saemal vital road junction 5 miles north of shattered Koengsong The marine advance was slow and bitter among steepsided peaks where red riflemen and nortars lurked behind craggy de fenses It was aimed atthe im portant road hub of Hpngchon 9 miles north of Saemaj believed to be the main buildup point of red troops on theiceiitraL front Trap Victims Frozen allied bodies and wrecked army vehicles littered the area The men were victims of a Chinese trap in midFebruary AP Correspondent John Randolph with the marines reported the exact number killed still was not known but it is estimated at about 300 Many others are missing Ran dolph said that of 2400 men at hangbong and Saemal scarcely half got back to Wonju unwound ed On the marines right South Korean 3rd division elements mel determined resistance from well entrenched communists 6 miles east of Hoengsong They failed in 10hour battle Sunday to dis lodge the reds from cleverly con cealed positions One of these was Hill 689 named for its height in meters 9 miles southeast of Hoengsong The communists hurled a series of small scale counterattacks Sun day night southeast of Hoengsong n an effort to check the UN ad vance All were thrown back On the west end of the central front U S tanks supported hard ened Greek mountain fighters irv their push on Yongdu vital road unction town controlling the last eastwest supply route south of the 38th parallel Yongdu is 15 miles northwest of Hoengsong Greeks Under Fire The Greeks entered the town Sunday but withdrew under in ense fire U S 1st cavalry division artil ery rolled up in support of the Greeks The American guns poured a heavy barrage on red po itions before the town From the western front Associ ated Press Correspondent Jim Seeker reported increasing num ers of red vehicles had been ob erved moving into the ruins of turned and bombed Seoul once he capital of republican South Korea Becker said the reds had stepped p their artillery and mortar bom jardments of UN positions below the Han river south of Seoul ;