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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 5, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF ISTORY AND ARCHIVE M THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Press FuH Leased Wires Five Copy MASON CIT1 IOWA MONDAY MARCH 5 his Paper Consists of Two One NO One Man s Opinion A Kadio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Alaaon City p m WOI Ames Wednesday m 1VSUI Jowi City Wednesday P m WTAO Qulney III Thursday p m KSCJ Sioux City Saturday ILDro Yes Weve Got to Accent the Positive rpHERES a song on the air these A days called Accentuate the Positive I hear it just about every time I turn on iny radio It made its appearance in a movie Then the radio bands took it up Considered as a song it would be all right with me if the croon ers quit crooning it After its first rendition or 2 I got the point of it No further repetition is need ed so far as I amconcerned But believe it or not theres a moral in it that has real and pointed application to our think ing on future international af fairs Heres what I mean Talk to the average man on the street and hell readily agree that some measures should be taken to insure against another war to make the peace last But ask him specifically how this is to be done and 99 times out of 100 hell shhr his shoulders He doesnt and neither do I In other words all of mean that all of for the idea ot preserving the the abstract But we arent get ting down to cases In a way suppose were minimizing the negative but we arent up to this time doing a very good job of accentuating the positive ONE day before very long how ever were going to have to snap out of oiir reverie While we may not be called upon to draw the blueprints for that peace to come we are going to pass on it And by we I mean America X In our generalized somewhai fuzzy thinkingt most of us are agreed that some kind of agency is going to have to be created for enforcing peace against those nn tioiis which arent committed to the idea we have an eye in our head and a brain cell working we must recognize that the lack ofsucri an agency was the funda shortcoming of the old leagueuof nations Idndol peace enforcing machinery But wha kind shall it be There are many many kinds There are numerous ways in which the postwar world organization might proceed We might for example hav one vast supersuper army navy and air force operating on order out of a world capital Minne solas young governor Harold Stassen once suggested in a mag azine article that Panama City be that world capital This approach presupposes th establishment of a closelykni United States of the World Critic of this course condemn it as world super state While theri are some good valid argument for such an approach events q the past 2 years have made i clear that it isnt going to com to pass Britain doesnt want it Russia doesnt want it Unite Slates may or may net want dont know What is ever so much mor likely is a revival of the leagu of nations perhaps with a new name A step toward that goal going to be taken at the worl conference of foreign ministers i San Francisco in April Step have been taken toward H at Mos cow Casablanca Cairo Teheran and most recently at Yalta BUT no decisionhas yet been reached or even seriously considered so far as I know with icspect to the actual machinery for enforcing the peace That in cidentally is the one greatest problem facing the world today next of course to bringing the to a victorious conclusion The bier question yet lo be an swered is To whatextent shall the world organization have con trol over the military might of the world Shall power and au thority be left with the constitu ent nations or shall power and authority be taken over by the world organization itself Or putting it another a matter of accentuating the would happen if at some future time Germany got out of bounds again and threatened the peace of the world Would quelling her be the job oE the world would 1ST ARMY IN COLOGNE Russians Capture Stargard Before Stettin BALTIC PORT WITHIN RANGE OF RED GUNS Report Armies Probe Oder Defenses Directly Before German Capital London Gregory hukovs forces threw the Ger mans back upon the gates Stet in Monday They captured Star lard fortress junction 19 miles east and began shelling the sub urbs of Berlins chief Baltic port Marshal Stalin and the Ger mans announced the fall of Star rard Stalin said a string of other itrong points in the Stettin direc ion including Naugard had been occupied in a 9mile advance from Daber Russian penetrations to the Bal tic had snapped a triple lock of an estimated 200000 Germans caught in 3 coastal pockets extending 150 miles from Kolberg to Danzig Powerful new drives threatened to iweep the Germans out ali Pomerania in short order The red armys biggest push since its sweep to the approaches of Berlin was grinding up the de fenses of Pomerania and the low er Oder valley The right flank of the army poised before Berlin was being secured rapidly o m e sources predicted an early frontal onslaught against the nazi capita Nazi broadcasts acknowledge the loss of Stargard biggest an chor base in the lower Oder de fenses on the road to Stettin star prd fell after violent street fight ing the enemy radio reported North of Stargard said soviet mobile forces scored fur ther gains in the direction of Nau gard 22 miles northeast of Stettin and 28 miles from the Baltic Thus it appeared that Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs right wing was drawing in line on a broac front east of Stettin for a push against the Oder estuary Even without a river crossing strong Russian forces on the lower Ode could neutralize Stettin with gun fire across the stream Even while Stargard was being stormed other units of Zhukov first White Russian army swep on beyond it to within a dozen miles southeast of Stettin Big guns were being wheeled up tc train on the great Baltic porl which is the turntable of all o Berlins defenses on the northern flank j Spearheads 2 Russian armie already had been planted on th Baltic chopping Pomerania int pockets for piecemeal disposal an trapping many thousands of Ger man troops in the coastal area t the northeast The communist party news paper Pravda reported in Moscov that ninetenths of East Prussi had been cleared AU along th Baltic coast German resjslanc was collapsing 15000 Briggs Workers Fail o End Strike Detroit of 15000 triking Briggs Manufacturing ompany employes voted Monday returning to work until a men discharged by the coin any are back on the payroll The action by United Auto Yorkers CIO union Local 212s xecutive board ended hopes for n early return to fullschedule rmament production in Petroit I was taken as approximately 5000 Chrysler corporation em loyes returned to their jobs after 10day strike The Briggs management previ Usly has refused to rehire the vorkers who were discharged on he ground that they organized previous walkouts and the present trike There was little indication hat its position would change Locol 212s decision was an lounced by John Murphy presi dent Direct appeals from the war abor board and Undersecretary of War Robert P Patterson preceded he action 3 United Anto Workers CIO in calling off the trike at the Dodge plant Union ind company spokesmen agreed be action would result in re umption of full production at all 6 plants within a few hours The Briggs strike began Tues day following company discharge if 7 union members for allegedly inciting previous strikes at the concern Union officials said the company fired 8 more employes for Inciting durine the current walkouts Strikers at both concerns blunt and this time course this orld question is more or less the task bereft to Kussia France or Russia alone AT w academic But the time is comfng when the issue involved is goins to have to be met headon and in specific terms And thats just what Karl Mundt representative frem South Dakota did the other day in an address in the lower house of congress on the subject We Want It I found a very special interest In the address above and beyond the fact that H was a thoorht stlmnlating effort Mr Mnndt is my good persona friend I was with him and his congressional colleague James Richards of Sooth Carolina in the European Continued on Pate 2 FDR Chooses Vinson for Loan Chief Washington r e s i d e n Roosevelt Monday nominate Economis Stabilization Directo Fred M Vinson to be federal loa administrator The former Kentucky congress man and federal judge thus wi get the other half of the job let vacant when Mr Roosevelt sum marily fired Jesse H Jones as sec retary of commerce Before con firming former Vice Presiden Henry A Wallace for the cabin post congress passed legislatio divorcing the multiBillion loa agency from the commerce do partment White House Secretary Jona than Daniels said the presiden had decided on Vinsons successo in the office of economic stabiliza Uon He said thai would be an nounced after the senate acts o Vinson There was not expected to b any vigorous opposition to con Jirraation of Vinson as loan at ministrator Some members o congress have objected to some o his policies particularly his or ders imposing price ceilings o live cattle prices and his wage por icies But on the whole he is we liked in congress even amon conservative democrats who op posed Wallace undersecretary of War Patterson Sunday when he said if this strike continues the paralysis thai now grips part of Detroits great arsenal will make its effect felt on the very field of battle In war jnst one thing matters the How of production ip the fighting fronts and de livering the goods on time Pat lerson said in a broadcast from Washington He continued the finest tank in the world Is of no use delivered to a dead soldier the day after a Battle Pattersons plea that there never has been a greater need for the production from Detroits war plants than there is today came less than 24 hours after WLB Chairman William H Davis told union and company officials to end the Chrysler dispute immedi ately Aubrey Williams Will Wait for Senators Decision on Nomination Washington Wil left of center new deal er wnb wont give up is Waitin for the senate to act perhaps thi week on his nomination to heat the rural electrification adminis tralion Its possible that he may hav lo wait until next it certain that he will wait despit some reports that he has aban doned hope being confirmed Williams nomination wa turned down by the senate agri culture committee on a vote of 1 to 8 REVEAL VOTING PROCEDUREFQR WORLD COUNCIL Four Big Powers Issued Invitations to Frisco Meeting Washington IP The govern lent announced Monday that all nited nations except Poland are eing asked to attend the world ecurity conference at San Fran isco If all accept as expected this mean an attendance of 44 ations By a last minute hitch France efrained from joining in sponsor Jig the conference Thisleaves lionsorshin to the United States Russia China and Britain France the official announce ment said has agreed to partici ate in the conference but lelt hat partly because she had not iclped work out the Dumbarton Oaks proposals she should not oin in sponsoring the invitations The voting procedure agreed n by Roosevelt Stalin and Churchill at Yalta to fill the last ig gap in the Dumbarton Oaks Ian also was announced In substance it provides that a mall nation may have the right 0 bring charges against a great power and get them heard by the proposed world security council ven though the great power itself may object However on any vote to Hat av great ng the peace or to against that power each ofthe 5 great nations would have in el ect a veto The state department announce nent coincided with Sen Vanden ergs acceptance of President loosevelts invitation to be a Jelegate o the conference there by completing the American dele ation of 8 Secretary of State Stettinius is ued a statement seeking to ex plain the voting agreement Now at Mexico City Stettinius attended the Yalta conference He said The practical effect these provisions takers together is that a difference is made so far as voting is concerned between the quasijudicial function of the se curity council in promoting the ipecific settlement of disputes and he political function o the coun cil in taking action for the main tenance of peace and security The voting requires that a ma jority of the council should al ways be 7 members Since there are 6 small and 5 great powers on the council this means that even on the simplest questions at least 1 great power would have to vote affirmatively The text of the voting pro cedure was made public in the text of the Invitation itself This invitation said that he 4 great powers were asking the 33 other states and France to the San Francisco meeting to prepare a Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cold wave Monday and Monday night with tern perature about 5 below zer Tuesday morning Snow an Strong winds Monday after noon followed by clearing an diminishing winds M o n d a night Tuesday fair Rising tern perature in afternoon Iowa Cold wave Monday an Monday night with tempera tures falling below zero nort and 5 to 10 above in south por tion by Tuesday morning Ldgh snow and strong winds Monda afternoon followed by clearin and diminishing winds Monda night Tuesday fair rising tern perature in west and centra portions in afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistic Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday Maximum Sunday 37 Minimum Sunday 25 At 8 a m Monday 25 YEAR AGO Maximum 37 Minimum 2 WESTERN FRONT tanks and infantry broke into Cologne low er while allied armies were storming the Rhine along a long front Ninth army torces captured Homberg and the western approaches to 2 Rhine bridges across from lJuisberg and nazi broadcasts said American vanguards were across the river at Duessel dorf Yonks Filipino Guerrillas Clamp Pincers on Japs in Juzon Clear IlicosNorte Manila troops and Filipino guerrillas clamped a huge pincers on Japanese forces in northern Luzon Monday and seized bases within 225 milesof Formosa The squeeze on the Japanese in the northern mountains was paced by Americanled guerrilla forces who cleared the 2000square mile Ilicos Norte province in the western center of Luzon Thousands of Japanese were killed by the guerrillas as they drove the last the invaders from the province commanding the South China sea the China coast and the enemys Formosa strong hold The guerrillas armed with mod ern American weapons and aided by U S planes were led by Col R Volckman South Clinton He was a member of Gen Doug las MacArlhurs forces before the war and went over to the guer rillas after the fall of Bataan By clearing IHcos Norte which is 68 miles long and 28 miles wide the guerrillas were only 44 miles from the north coastal air base of Aparri 490 miles from Hong Kong and 225 miles from the southern tip of Formosa The offensive by Volckmans forces also carried to within 100 miles of American lines on Lin sayen gulf and within 160 miles of U S troops pushing up the center of Luzon A communique disclosed that charter for a general internatiqn troops of the 32nd division ad al organization for the main tenance of international peace and security i The inviting powers also sug gested that the conference con sider as affording a basis for such a charter the proposals for the establishment of a general inter national organization which were made public last October asthe result of the Dumbarton Oaks con ference and which have now been supplemented by the voting pro cedvve There was no direct comment on the omission of Poland from the list Officials here expressed the hope that the new Polish provisional government of na tional unity which the Big Three proposed at Yalta may be created and recognized in time for an in vitation to be sent In that case there will be 45 nations at San Francisco Events leading to Frances re jection of sponsorship were not immediately explained As late as Saturday it was understood that negotiations in London and Paris had succeeded in working out a formula for the invitation which would be acceptable to the French and that it would leave them free to propose changes in the Dum barton Oaks plan at San Fran cisco HICKENLOOPER OPPOSED Washington IP Senator Hickenlooper says he sees little necessity at this time to extend OPA control to include commercial rents so far as Iowa is concerned vancing up the Ambayabang river ntered Nueva Viscaya province and seized Santa Rosa 17 mile southeast of the Japanese strong hold ot Baguio At the same time the 25th divi sion tightened the southern half of the vice by capturing Digdig a junction point on the roads lead ing to the Cagayan valley The thrust carried the 25th di vision to within 22 miles of a junction with the 32nd forces at Santa Rosa and their combined drives were rapidly clearing the Villa Verde trail and Balete Pass road Fierce fighting still continued in the mountains east of Manila with the Japanese reportedly at tempting heavy counter attacks in so far futile attempts to push the Americans from high ground east of Montalban Coincident with the guerrilla offensive in the north Mitchell medium airfield north of Luzon Batan principal island of a group of the same name is only 125 miles from the northeastern tip of Ilicos Norte province where the guerrillas waged perhaps their greatest single campaign yet Volckmans Filipino forces com pletely demoralized the Japanese with hitrun tactics in which the guerrillas augmented their Amer can army equipment with razor sharp bolos MARINES HOLD MOST OF IWO Japs Waging Suicide Battle on Coasts Guam S marines com pleted the capture of fourfifths of Iwo Monday as the bloodiest bat tle of the Pacific war went into its 3rd week on a rising note ol fury More than 15000 of the original enemy garrison of 20000 troops already have been knocked out bnt the remainder were fighting to the death for the shrinking strip of the north and east coasts still in their hands Stiffened enemy resistance re duced marine gains to 5 to tOO yards Sunday Handtohand fighting with bayonets grenades and even knives sxvirled through clouds of sulphurous steam rising from crevices in the volcanic ter rain as the battle entered i is final NEARBUZIARD N NORTH IOWA Visibility at 200 Yards on Highways A fierce northwest wind was anning snow into a near blizzard cross North Iowa and northwest owa Monday The weather ureau said the storm would prob bly strike the rest of the state Hhough with diminishing fury uring the day Snow started falling in Mason ity at 7 oclock Monday morn ng to be followed by increasing vind that caused snow to drift on lighways and seriously impaired isibility Highway officials re ported there was no evidence that ny highways were blocked but aid if conditions as they were in continued motorists hould stay off the highway be ause of poor visibility It was im possible to see beyond 200 yards jatrolmen said The temperature dropped from 25 at 8 a m Monday to 11 at 1 oclock by which time several nchesof snow had fallenor blown n The weather bureau said light mow and strong winds were likc y in the rest of the state during he day followed by clearing and diminishing winds Monday night bombers attacked Basco on Batan island just Buy yoor War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier boy The Japanese appeared I chosen to fight from cave to cave and pillbox to pillbox until they finally have been thrown over the rh cliffs of northern Iwo into the Pacific But a last banzai1 suicide charge such as has marked the collapse resist ance on other islands still is a possibility Even as marines continued their yardbyyard advance to the north seabees repaired capturec Motoyama airfield No 1 in south ern of 3 captured air fields sufficiently for hospita planes to land and evacuate the wounded A Superfortress made an emer gency landing for refueling on the airstrip Sunday after bombing Tokyo and took off 4 hours later Eventually Iwos airfields will be used regularly for refueling the B29s and as a base for escorting fighters Admiral Chester Nimitz commander of the Pacific fleet announced in a communiquetha 12846 Japanese dead had been counted by 6 p m Saturday an increase of more than 5700 ove the toll announced only 24 hours earlier Hundreds perhaps thousand more enemy dead were believec behind the Japanese lines Eightyone prisoners had been taken by 6 p m Saturday com prising 45 Koreans and 36 Japa nese Nimitz said weather will accompany he snow with the bureau fore casting minimum readings Mon day of from 10 below lo 10 above n this section the mercury is ex pected to reach 5 beiow Fort Dodge had one inch of snow during the 24 hours ended at a m Monday to make the amount on the ground 5 inches Rain or snow also was reported at Charles City Dubuque Cedar Rapids and SiouxCity The mini mum reading Sunday night was 5 above at Spencer and the high Sunday was 50 at Burlington and Davenport The highway commission gave this midmorning road and weath er report Central area Skies overcast Foggy Rain Roads normal North Visibility limited Heavy snow in vicinity of Mason City with visibility 300 feet Northwest Snowing heavily Blizzard Visibility i to 14 mile Drifting Southwest Visibility normal Roads slippery Raining near Creston Sleeting near Coun cil Bluffs Southeast Overcast Foggy Visibility Vi mile or less Highways normal TANKSADVANCE WITHINSIGHTOF OLD CATHEDRAL Germans Blow Up All Bridges From Neuss to Homberg Paris fP army tanks tought a mile deep inside Col ogne Monday driving through the Bickendorf northern section with in miles ol the towering cath edral at the heart of the great Rhineland metropolis Infantry of the 104ih division moved in from the west cap ture of Germanys 4th city was expected by Thursday morning at the latest Tanks and infantry moving through acrid smoke curling from ruins levelled by a wheel to wheel artillery barrage slowly closed in on the old part of the city leav ing behind railyards and some ol the vast array ot factories The Germans hard pressed by the 9th army to the north had blown up all bridges across the river from Neuss to Homberp suburbs of Duesseldorf and Duis burg and left only one railroad crossing at Wesel in operation Ninth army tanks fought into Orsoy 10 miles south ot Wesel and shelled Germans trying to Terry the wide and deep river Other elements moved within 1 miles of Rheinberg capturing Lantfort The Germans were leav ing the Wesel pocket which is expected to be erased within 2 days A news blackout similar to the one which shrouded 9th army breakthrough to the Rhine WM clampedon by the U S 3rd mrmr drive toward the middle Rhine and Coblenz 45 miles Tanks and infantry ofTtHeSiit army1 stormed irito ColbgnVal a m i The final assault started in the cold darkness 4 a m Mai Gen Maurice ROMS 3rd armored division passed the city limits striking from the north through the suburb of Bockele muend There the tanks were about 3 miles from the towering Gothic cathedral at the heart of Cologne long the most ravaged city of the Rhineland House to house fighting was touched oft quickly AP Corre spondent Don Whitehead with the first army reported Cologne lay under a pall of smoke The thunder battle was rolling across the city in increas fuiy as the Americans closed in for the kill on the llth day of their great drjve from the Roer river 21 miles behind To the north the American 9th army captured Homberg a manu facturing west bank suburb oC Duisburg and the approaches o Z Rhine bridges it Gen William H Simpsons men stood on the Rhine for miles and Canadians to the north held about 53 mile stretch of the meandering west banks Germans surrendered by the thousands the total in the offen sive passed 60000 A blackout was imposed partially on 3rd army movements toward Coblehz and HONOR GUARDSMEN DCS Moines Berle E Sampson Ottumwa and Ralph Bottolfson Decorah the first 2 members oJ the 124th ob servation squadron of the former Iowa national guard to be killed in service were honored Sunday in the dedication of the service lounge in the hangar built for their squadron at the municipal airport the middle Rhino suggesting an imminent breakthrough there The 7th army fought in the Sieg fried line just outside the Saar capital ot Saarbruecken which was under heavy artillery fire Artillery also was pouring heavy fire in massed salvoes from Amer ican guns wheel to wheel outside Cologne ringed on all its sides west of the Rhine Cologne a city of 768000 is surpassed in size in Germany only by Hamburg 1918000 and Munich 828325 Some 4000 desperately fighting Germans were trapped outside the city when the third armored di vision cnt the last road leading to the Hohenzollern bridge across the Rhine 1309 to 1700 feel wide at Cologne Infantry of the ninth army cap tured western approaches to tWo Rhine bridges in the crossriver suburbs of Duisburg in a victory in which Homberg was taken A great artillery duel raged across the Rhine and the Germans broadcast unsubstantiated reports that the Americans already had won their first crossing At su preme headquarters this was re garded as unlikely but a sign of how the nazis are thinking Allied arms made new deep slabs into the shrinking German bridgehead on the west bank the lower Rhine between Xanten and Homberg suburb of Duisburg where possibly 40000 to 50000 remnants of the first parachute and 15th arm were fighting savagely At supreme headquarters it was estimated the Germans had been I bled by an estimated 100000 ;