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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, March 05, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 5, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP QSpittrucNr OP KISrCSY ANQ DCS MOINtS I A 4 VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES SECTIONS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA 15 DEAD 6 MISSING IN ARMS BLAST Last Possible Harbor by Which Aid Might Debark Is Bombed By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Java appeared doomed to con quest Thursday as Japans inva sionhordes captured at least six key towns imminently threatened both the old capital Batavia anc the allied headquarters at Ban doeng and bombed the last pos sible harbor at which united na tions reinforcements might de bark Starkly summarizing the crisis a bulletin from Dutch headquar ters acknowledged that the enemy was advancing fierce battles now raging all over the island The communique said Rising Sun bombers were also attempt ing to knock out the port of Tjilatjap on the Java south coast to prevent either rein forcement or escape of the islands defenders While dispatches from Java in dicated that the allies were grave lyhahdjcapped byilack of airsup tenal aenal been sent to the embattled island within the past week Late reports said the Japanese had already gone far toward cut ting Java in two with the capture of Soerakarta a junction point on the BataviaSoerabaja railroad Ime only 35 miles from the south coast A bulletin from N E I head quarters indicated that the Japan ese invaders were virtually over running the 622milelong island of Java advancing in many sec tors despite heroic and cour ageous resistance by American British Australian and Dutch sol diers Official reports placed the enemy within 10 miles of Ba tavia the capital which the government had already left anfl within 25 miles of the new government seat at Bandoeng The communique said the Japa nese had numerical superiority both on the ground and in the air and that a regular front no longer existed because of Japa nese infiltration tactics While the Dutch made no men tion of a new landing British military quarters said Japanese reinforcements had arrived on the west coast presumably in a thrust toward the partly de stroyed capital Batavia and that allied Iroops immediately launched fiery counterattacks An N E I communique said the invaders had captured Kalld 3ati airdrome near Bandoeng the inland mountain city headquarters of the Dutch command and at least three towns in western Java Another Japanese column strik ing southward from Rembang ad vanced to Bodjanegara less than 50 miles from the big allied naval base at Soerabaja in eastern Java Still anolher enemy force took Soerakarta in the center of the island 70 mites inland from the Rembang beachhead JAPS STORU ACROSS IOWER SITTANG RIVER While Ihe fivedayold struggle for Java appeared to be reaching its tragic final stages equally dark news came from the Burma front as Japanese assault troops stormed across the lower Sittang river and seized a key rail town only 60 miles from Rangoon The Sittang river stubbornly defended by British imperials for the past eight days was the last natural barrier on the road to the Burmese capital AUSTRALIA FEARS DARWIN KAID MAT BE FEELER Australia took new alarm over tne prospect of an imminent Japa nese invasion of the huge but thinlypopulated commonwealth The Australian government weighed the possibility that Wednesdays raid on the north coast port of Darwin by Japanese fighter plares was a feeler atlack preliminary to di rect invasion By W H McDOUGALL HEADQUARTERS JAVA great battle raged all over Java Thursday with Jap anese invasion armies closing a pincers on the capital of Batavia striking to within 25 miles of Ban doeng military headquarters and fighting to isolate the Soerabaja naval base Dutch American and British imperial forces were fighting desperately and heroically ac cording to Thursdays war com munique and British Hurricane fighters even struck back at an enemyoccupied airdrome de stroying a number of Japanese planes But the enemy with virtually complete air and sea control was advancing relentlessly by weight of superior numbers The fighting fronts on Java showed pushes close to suburbs of Balavia capluring Tangerang 18 miles west of the capital and surging past Kra wang which lies less than 40 miles effst of Batavia where the earth program already has been applied WEST CENTRAL Japanese force allied defenders from Pur wakarla 30 miles norlh of Ban doeng This represented an ad vance from the Indramajoe land ing point along the main railroad and thence north toward the Dutch military headquarters high in the moun tains and gave the enemy conUol of highlyimportant communica tions junctions Including the rail Bandoeng to Balavia tAST The enemy forces landed at Hembang pushed lo within 65 miles or perhaps less of Soerabaja naval base afler taking solo and Bodjonegoro ims represented an advance along Ihe mam coast communications lines toward Soerabsja which ap peared to be threslened with iso lation from Ihe rest of the island Japanese divebombers and tanks were leading Ihe attacks The British Exchange Tele graph agency in a dispatch from Bandoeng said that the Japanese had advanced 100 miles inland from their landing point at Hem bang and were threatening immi nent isolation of Soerabaja Japa nese dive bombers in large num bers were said to be rushing back and forth across the island In re sponse to radio calls from Japanese commanders trying to break through slrong defense positions Radio Batavia still was broad casting its regular news program at midmorning Eastern War Time Thursday The Dutch communique said On the whole the Japanese have numerical superiority esti mated at 85000 men and are advancing steadily despite the heroic and courageous resistance of our troops Throughout the island Dutch troops and the American British and Australian forces in their sup port including a Texas artillery unit are fighting a raging battle against the numerically superior enemy forces the communique re The communique revealed that the Japanese had raided Tjilitjap on the south port whose strategic importance had increased immeasurably because it is the last harbor at whicK reinforcements might be disembarked in com parative safety Dutch and other allied troops are fighting heroically the communi que said against the Japanese in cluding their light mobile advance units which continue infiltration across plantations and through jungle Two Japanese bombing planes were destroyed and two more probably destroyed out of a fleet British hurricane fighters raided a Japanese occupied airdrome at Kahdjati shot down a crack ene my navy0 plane damaged anolh er and machine gunned several Japanese planes on the field Two Hurricanes were lost but v I ft wffli Dutch Admit Invaders Still Gaining TIRES TO GET NO BATTLES CRUDE RUBBER All MR KIC Visual Air flU UVIK lilt Sea Control REPORTS SHOW in the Western Pacific wounded Fires raged in key areas all over the island and explosions echoed through the mountains as Dutch demolition sauafls ignited or dynamited installa tions and supplies which the Japanese could use United States artillery was re ported still in action on one sec tor under Ueut Col T S Tharp and British and Australian guns blasted Japanese troops as they moved up to engage Netherlands and Netherlands East Indies in fantrymen The Japanese now in full con trol of the air and far superior in numbers to the defending forces intensified each hour their threat to Batavia the capital Bandoeng Netherlands East Indies high command headquarters and Soerbaja the great naval and air force base at the east end of Java It was indicated that the Neth erlands forces after deslroying all installations and materials of military value intended to retire to the interior hills if necessary and continue to fight from them as Gen Douglas MacArthur is fighting in the Philippines All Dutch commanding officers had orders to fight to the end in Guardsfof Basic Training ASSEMBLE AT CAMP DODGE single units if they were unable with main to maintain liaison troop bodies Bandoeng had suffered heavily under Japanese plane attacks A medical institution a temple and numerous native homes were damaged Wednesday and there were many cavilian casualties The food supply continued ample but transport was disor ganized so that on occasion there were shortages of individual items such as poultry and fruit Nazis Asked to Go to Dentists Only When Absolutely Necessary BERN Switzerland With many of the countrys dentists in military service toothaches are becoming widespread in Germany The Koclnische Zeitung of Col ogne reported there simply arc not enough dentisls1 The paper urged the people to be patient lo consult a dentist only when II is absolutely necessary As for example when the pain becomes too great or chewing is impaired seriously the Zcitun suggested Missouri SalesTax Tokens Cause Much Trouble to Infants KANSAS CITY sales tax metal disc larger than a nickel but smaller than a a dangerous Jlaything for children Dr John s Knight who has removed 16 of them from infant throats in the ast two years recommends they se the size re duced so they can be more digested to Camp Dodge Slamps 60 men in com wnlcHaf Will Come From All Parts of State Starting Next Week DES MOINES Governor George A Wilson Thursday called approximately 300 members of Ihe Iowa state guard into service for four weeks basic training al Camp Dodge The training period will begin next week the call said The first detachment Colonel P A Lainson chief of staff said will reach the camp March 10 The second is scheduled to arrive March 12 and the third or main body will encamp March 16 Lainson said the men previous ly have volunteered their services for active duty They will come from all parls of she state he added The organization at Camp Dodge will consist of our rifle companies a medical detachment and a headquarters company While no official announcement was forthcoming on the purpose for the mobilization guard offi ficials disclosed the basic training program will involve guard duty military policing and control of civilian disturbances There have been reporls in re cent weeks that the state guard might be used to guard strategic bridges utililies or production centers Lainson said the call would involve no guardsmen whose absence would interfere with the structure of the company with which he is identified or his position or occupation in civil life if The infantry headquar ters building at Camp Dodge will be the headquarlers of the state guard There are more lhan 2 300 men m the guard which is com manded by Lieutenant General Mat A Tinley of Council Bluffs The men called for training will occupy the new quartermasters building recently completed at the camp Lainson said the men would re ceive army pay of grade plus aday for privates and army pay of grade for officers Privates pay in the regular army begins at a month 20 North lowans quarters in Mason City are among the 300 from Iowa who will make up the divisional military police battalion Capt Charles E Van Horn announced Thursday The 20 North lowans and Cap tain Van Horn will leave next week for Camp Dodge for basic Iraining Ihe local officer having been named plans and training officer at Ihe camp The local group includes men from every walk of life Ihe offi cer reported There are three men who saw service in the first World ers of the national guard units here he said Weather Report FORECAST afternoon and Thursday night MASON CITY Continued mild temperatures Thursday noon and Thursday night Low est temperature Thursday night MINNESOTA Lilllo change in temperature Thursday afternoon and Thursday night except cold er Thursday afternoon than Wednesday in northeast and ex treme north portions INMASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 35 Minimum Wednesday night 28 At 8 a m Thursday 32 YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 13 m Japs Capture 6 Key Towns in Ja va PASSENGER CAR Sayg IS A J f Tinm TA Arr im Plane Aid Ts M Wli IW Henderson Says Drastic New Reductions in Store for Civilian Uses WASHINGTON Hen dersou director of civilian sup plies told a senate defense irives tigaling commillee Thursday that not a single pound of crude rub ber would be available for tires for upwards of 30000000 passen ger cars now in operation and lhat officials had discussed requisi tioning lircs now on cars of ordi nary citizens Painting a dismal picture In marked contrast lo rcecnl tesli mony by Secrelary of Commerce Jesse Jones Henderson esli maled that rubber requirements of the united nations for Ihe next two years would be about 2000000 tons whereas the roost optimistic estimate of supply from all sources was from 1 400000 tons io 1500000 tons Last month Secrelary Jones told a senate committee thai I think we will be getting enough rubber lo get along next year if we are careful with what we have and what we can gel I do not mind ooserving that I think thai by the end of 1S43 or the first part of 1944 at the most we ought lo be gelling all of Ihe rubber we need out of the far east He also fore cast a synthetic rubber production capacity of 400000 Ions annually by the end of 1943 Henderson told the senators it would be almost a miracle if such a synlhelic rubber produc lion goal was achieved and warned against expectations of in creasing supplies by imports from rubber producing areas in the Pacific now In the hands of the Japanese He estimated thai in 3343 Gua yule rubber planls in the United States would yield 1000 tons c crude rubber As Henderson was testifying President Roosevelt announced that he had signed inlo law leg islation lo provide for develop ment of Guayule sources in South American countries as well as in the United States Jlc re cently vetoed a similar measure providing only for growing the rubberpraducinsr shrubs in the United Stales V Chairman Truman DMo told Henderson after the price conlrol brtw buivice in tne iirst World aner the price conlrol war and several former members aJniinislralor had spoken of the tllU possibility of rationing all gasoline and requisitioning tires now on private cars Youll run into a lot of trouble if you ever try that Truman added that citizens would resist any sucli action unless IOWA mild Thursday es5ential in ordcr Henderson presented a detailed picture of the rubber situation but said the fact that none would be for tires for private cars was Ihe most significant single statistic He laid the committee that drastic new reductions were in store for civilian uses of rubber as some is still going into such things as hose jar rings and rub ru ber shoes allhough nontire uses nave already been reduced from an average of 17400 tons per month to 5500 tons The price administrator at one point in his prepared statement said that at best it was believed thai only about 7500000 automo biles out of the present 30000000 could be kept in operation over the next three years due out of lircs to wearing States Japs to Be Attacked From Another Side Soon Java Leader Calls On Inhabitants to Continue Stout Battle BANDOENG Java ing out the hope that at any mo ment the attack on the enemy will be launched from another side by Ihe allies the lieutenant governor general of the Dutch East Indies urged Javas inhabitants to con tinue their stout resistance to the Japanese in an address Thursday night before the peoples council Speaking at a historic session of the council Dr Hubertus J van Mook told the population to emulate General MacArlhurs stand in the Philippines and con centrate on the defense of cer tain areas where nature gives us the opportunity lo resist the su perior forces The fall of Singapore he said has left the Dutch to face the su perior Japanese strength almost alone But he continued I say practically alone for it is not true that our allies left us altogether This is not true and U may be expected that at any moment the attack on the enemy will be launched from another side There arc American Austral ian and British forces in this country which arc fighting just as bravely as our own men he declared The battle so far has oeen against us All OUr efforts could not prevent the enemy from landing considerable forces on Javas north coast Whatever happens we may be sure that the final victory will be on our side This war is one pig fight and our victory can just as well be won in the waters of the Pacific as on the wide plains of Russia Every day thai we hold out brings us nearer to victory Plane Aid Is Sent to Java WASHINGTON of WaiStimson said Thursday that material air reinforce ments had been sent lo Java in the last week He told his press conference that the shift of Gen Sir Archi bald Wavelt from the southwest Pacific command hid not a tered in any way the American or British attitude of intense support to the Dutch in the present battle Not only has that support not been diminished by but in the past wee withdrawals we have in creased our air support material he said Stimson withheld details of the reinforcements and also was guarded in comment on the air force which Gen Douglas Mac Arthur employed lo inflicl heavy losses on Ihe Japanese in a sur prise raid on Subic hay in Die Philippines Slimsoii smiling broadly over the unexpected coup lold report ers the news from MacArthur was merely that the atlack was made by ntr I wont say whether he had a large new air force but he has enough lo sink five ships Stimson said Wednesdays communique tell ing of the raid credited Mac Arthurs small air The secretary declined in re sponse to a question to say wheth er Ihe Philippine commander was in a posilion to use aerial re inforcements if they were avail able The war secretary said he had no further information on the air raid alarm at Los Angeles last week He stressed that the theory that enemy agents may have flown commercial planes over the city came from an official ieport and did not necessarily represent his own views Unfortunately he said his own personal disclaimer was not made fully clear at that time a day after Secretary of Navy Knov liaci termed the episode a false alarm Jap Troops Surge Across Sittang River MANDALAY UR Japanese forces cracking an outer portion of the British line surged west of the Sittang river Thursday and the decisive battle for the Rangoon neck of Burma was under way Front line reporls indicated thai Ihe Japanese had occupied the town of Waw less than 70 miles northeast of Rangoon and thai the main bodies of troops were swing ing lo a frontal clash The imperial defenders braced for days against an all out atlack hurled planes lanks and infantry into the battle and were appJyinsr a scorched carlh torch to the Japanese path An army communique said Rangoon is quiet but the situa lion there admilledly was grave Fighling on the 70odd mile front apparently was heaviest at Waw and showed the initial Japanese thrust had carried half way across the 15mile strip be tween the lower Sitlang and the Rangoon to Mandalay railroad portion of the Burma road supply route to China The town is some 15 miles northeast of the railroad junction Pegu which is 48 miles north of Rangoon The Japanese spearhead ap peared to be aimed at the Bay of Bengal approximately 150 miles to the west threatening the imperial troops with entrapment H was believed that enemy pa trols had penetrated beyond Waw Official announcements save no indication of the strength of the Japanese forces in the new advance but the invaders for days had been massing slrong units cast of Ihe SUtanc In preparation for a major assault Reports had indicated earlier hat another Japanese thrust was expected in the ShweGyin area 100 miles north of Rangoon Brig Gen John Magruder chief of a U S military mission said at Kunming China that he relieved the Japanese would at lack India if they consolidated positions in Burma and that the attack would come soon He believed the Japanese in vading Burma have little more nan two divisions but the Britisl n Burma were unprepared lo the clever Jap jungle Buy your defense savings stamps rom your Globe Gazelle carrier hoy or at the GG business office lor JARRED IN TNT UNIT EXPLOSION 42 Hospitalized After Blast Investigation Is Made by Officials BURLINGTON than 15 persons were dead and six others were missing Thursday fol lowing a terrific blast at the Iowa ordance plant here Wednesday night that jarred the countryside for 20 miles around Fortytwo persons were hos pitalized after the explosion and others suffered minor injuries Plant officials identified 15 bodies recovered but declined o release the names of those listed as missing The explosion wiiich demol ished a TNT melt unit in the shellloading planl was the second in less than three months for the sprawling 20 000 acre munitions factory A similar blast Dec 12 claimed the lives of 13 workmen V Major J H Edgerly chief of production control said the disas ter was due to an explosion of amatol a mixture of ammonium nitrate and TNT Coroner R O Giles said an exact count of the dead still was difficult partly because of the mangled condition of some of the Indicates Poor Housekeeping Says Senator Herring DES ZUOINES Clyde L Herring DIowa Thursday declared the second explosion in the Iowa ordnance Plant at Burlington Indicates Poor housekeeping somewhere The explosions should not have happened he said The senator disclosed he was fryigjr lo reach Lieutenant Gen eral William Knudson war de partment production chief to ask the general to hurry to Burlington Thursday for a first hand inspection of the disaster bodies He asserted 15 and pos sibly 10 bodies had been removed and he had a report two more had been found but a crane would be required to free them Day and Zimmerman Inc op erators of the plant listed the fol lowing identified dead Pearl Clifford Carver Mt Pleasant Iowa Hartzcll Popejoy 3B Fairfield Iowa Harold Klontz Ollic 22 Kenneth N Van Sickle 34 Hock Island III Andrew Jacques Voorhees Rarilon 111 William Buford England 23 Colusa III Ilerschei II Goddard 30 Oskaloosa Iowa Harold It Wyall 27 Keokuk Iowa R L Murray 17 East Molinc Grover C Keith J3 Cedar Inpids Iowa Bernard LcRoy Ulcllon 29 London Mills Iowa Ralph R Carson 23 West Point Iowa Archie S Booth 42 Colchester Ernest E Slausbaugh 28 Rose vilic 111 Lawrence G Greener 29 Keota More than 30 injured are in hos pitals here Those criticaly hurt included Clyde Hughes Cincinnati Iowa Wilbur Davis Bloomficld Iowa eye injury burns Carl E Mikels Fort Madison Iowa serious burns Popejoy and Klontz died at hos pitals here from injuries suffered COL OTTO M TANK ins officer ;