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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, March 04, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 4, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND oes MOIUCS i A C 0 M P VOL XLVII1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL USASEQ WIRES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 4 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS MORE YANKS ARRIVE IN IRELAND JAPS TAKE AIR POWER IN Pomts rUWtK IN JAVA in Bandoeng SURGING AHEAD Dutch Carrying Out Scorched Earth Plan as Japanese Gain By W H McDOUGALL United Press Staff Correspondent WITH ALLIED FORCES IN JAVA Via Japanese invasion forces surged forward in Java despite bitter American Dutch and British op position Wednesday and united nations soldiers lay in ditches along the fighting fronts shaking their fists in futile anger at en emy planes roaming the skies al most unchallenged United na tions air support apparently has collapsed in front line areas I vis ited and Japanese control of the sea approaches to Java is stronger than ever I know how great is the Japa nese air superiority for I lay in a roadside ditch with our soldiers this afternoon and joined in their curses when no allied planes ap peared to challenge the enemy fighters and bombers that were blasting the highway in front of us There are Americans includ ing a crack Texas outfit and British and Australians fight ing beside the valiant Dutch in Java and tonight they know howit was with the doomed de fenders of Crete and of Singa pore men who ought on with virtually no help from their B O N D O E N G Java Japanese planes raided Bandoeng ate Wednesday causing an unde ermined number of casualties vhen their bombs and machine sun fire damaged a medical insti ution hit a temple and set fire to everal houses It was the fourth air raid alert of the day the Aneta News Agen cy reported The bombardment was carried out from high altitude with anti aircraft fire preventing the raid ers from descending close enough for accurate aim at military ob jectives An Aneta correspondent report ed that two 50kilogram bombs had landed on either side of the medi cal building The institutions elec tric power supply was disrupted and debris was hurled about The roof of the bulding the cor respondent said was marked plainly with large red crosses Some of the casualties resulted trom a bomb hit on native houses in the same vicinity A large num ber of bombs landed in a nearby temple Three alarms were sounded ear lier each followed by several flights of Japanese planes across this sector Although Jhe Dutch were scorching the earth as never be fore inthe path of the Japanese and sending all possible reinforce ments into the battle the enemy was advancing with fatalistic dis regard for casualties iufiltering through the green jungles flank ing the highways and battering allied air bases including the field near Bandoeng military head quarters That does not mean that th Japanese are having it all thei own way The allied forces des perately trying to match their eightton tanks against Japanese 10ton tanks with heavy cannon are fighting stubbornly and some times throwing back the enemy But Wednesday nights com munique for the first time acknowledged that the enemy succeeded in making some head way at some points as a result of their numerical superiority especially in the air Only in the area of Soebang which marked the farthest Japa nese approach toward Bandoeng were there definite reports allied advances There the British were said to have joined Dutch troops in push ing back the enemy an unspeci field distance Half of the village of Soebang about 40 miles inland I encmv stores and less than 40 miles from Ban There vyas practically of 650 Killed as R A F Blasts Industries in Paris Suburbs Vlason Cityan m New AEF m Ireland 4 Jap Vessels Are Destroyed in Philippines WASHINGTON enemy ships and several smaller vesselsr wereJdestroyedIna sud den surprise attack by General Douglas MacArthurs small air force on Japanese installations and shipping in Subic bay north of Bataan the war department announced Wednesday targe fires were started on tbe docks of Olongapo former United Slates naval station in Subic bay and on Grande Island a communique reported Heavy explosions among enemy stores followed the fires One ship of 10000 tons and an other of 8000 tons were destroyed the department said and also two motor launches of 100 tons each Many smaller vessels were dam aged The text of the communique No 133 of the war based on re ports received up to a m eastern war time 1 Philippine theater In a sudden surprise attack General MacArthurs small air force swept over Subic bay de stroying severalJapanese vessels Among the enemy ships destroyed were one vessel of 10000 tons one of 8000 ions and two motor launches of 100 tons each In ad dition many smaller craft were damaged Large fires were started on the docks of Olongapo and Grande Island These were fol lowed by many heavy explosions doeng was said to be in Dutch hands after the Japanese had been shoved back The Dutch were fighting to drive the enemy en tirely from the town The situation at Soebanp is strongrly in hand the Aneta news agency reported and infil trating Japanese soldiers have been largely rounded up or shot The Japanese also had failed in efforts to regain all of the seven miles in the sector from which they were driven on Tuesday but when I visited that area Wednes day Dutch soldiers turned us back because the infiltration tac tics of the enemy had been re newed in greater strength On other fronts the fighting was on fluid lines that made it diffi cult to determine exact positions The Aneta news agency said hat the situation was uncertain in the Bantam sector of northwest Java where demolition operations al ready have been undertaken at Batavia as a precautionary ure There was no definite word in regard to Japanese operations on the central front where the enemy has been trying to cut the island in two or from the Rembang sector where the enemy is slashing toward the Soerabaja naval base The Japanese attack on the Bandoeng airdrome was carried out by 25 Japanese planes while other enemy craft were busy over midJava A column of smoke arose frohi Bandoeng airfield after the raid during which Dutch antiaircraft guns and Dutch tighter planes went into action Buy your defense savings stamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office ground activity in Bataan 2 There is nothing to report from other areas DUTCH CHIEF RESIGNS POST LONDON Admiral C E L Helfrich commander of the united nations naval forces in the southwest Pacific has re signed that post and been en trusted with a special mission it was announced Wednesday SAN JUAN BLACKED OUT SAN JUAN Puerto Rico This territorial capital was blacked out Wednesday from a m to a m There was no imme diate explanation Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Somewhat colder Wednesday night Lower tem perature Wednesday night IOWA Slightly colder Wednes day night MINNESOTA Somewhat colder Wednesday night a few light snow flurries near Lake Super ior Wednesday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 43 Minimum in Night 32 At S a m Wednesday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum 21 Minimum jp OVER 1000 IN VICINITY HURT IN BRITISH RAID Factories Supplying German War Machine Hit Hard by British VICHY Unoccupied France If death toll of an RAF raid on the industrial suburbs of Paris Tuesday night mounted steadily Wednesday as rescue workers dug through the ruins and shortly after noon was placed semiof ficially at 650 with more bodies constantly being recovered Earlier a communique had announced at least 442 persons killed more than 1000 injured and between 200 and 250 houses destroyed on the basis of pre liminafy information from the nazioccupied French capital Many of the wouuded died on operating tables in hurriedly im provised hospitals where all avail able physicians inParis were mobilisedfor One report said that of about 1000 wounded in the Boulogne SurSeine and Billancourt sub urbs some 300 were feared to be dying Along with the bombs the KAF dropped leaflets addressed to the Paris population saying they had come to bomb factories manufacturing arms for common enemy and would re turn now that they knew where to strike At least 12 towns in the sub urban belt around Paris were blasted during a twohour attack Paris Radio Says 1500 Were Killed LONDON Paris broad cast recorded Wednesday by ex change telegram said that at least 1500 people were killed and sev eral hundred injured during Tues day nights raid on the suburbs of Paris Whole streets were destroyed and complete districts razed to the ground the broadcast declared the announcement said although the most concentrated bombing apparently was directed at the factory regions of BoulogncSur Steine and Billancourt V The communique stressed the fact that details still were lacking from several communities It was reported unofficially that one air raid shelter where 180 persons had taken refuge and which apparently suffered a direct hit still had not been uncovered First reports from BoulogneSur Seine and Billancourt alone listed dead 1000 wounded and be tween 150 and 200 houses de stroyed The toll from other bombed areas was given as follows dead five woun ded 12 houses destroyed Les dead 20 houses destroyed Ville ciead eight wounded 15 houses destroyed Mount dead wounded by fly ing glass i gas plant hit dead 21 wounded dead Marshal Petain kept informed of the attack even while successive waves of British planes were bombing declared that the vic tims funeral day would be de clared a day of national mourning A statement issued by Petains office declared The bloody attack of the night of March 34 striking only at the civilian population will arouse general indignation and take on the character of a na tional catastrophe Admiral Jean Darian vicepre mier of the Vichy government who was in Paris at the time of the raid visited the blasted areas dur ing the morning Dispatches from Paris said he assigned two of his principal aides to spend the night touring the hospitals nlrasL Tfe WIS DEMEUDON VfcizY PlKslSPI Capl Edward O Babcock of Mason City is hi the contin gent of American soldiers which landed in northern Ire land Wednesday murning Cap lain Balicock who commands a company of Iowa machine gun ners said it he w a s impressed particularly during the trip by the work of escorting warships which he said seemed to go over one wave and underneath the next three JOHAN FIKST PRIVATE DOWN GANGPLANK A NORTH IRISH PORT mail carrier from Council its wheie the KA F Tuesday night unleashed a fullscale bombing attack for the first time since before the fall of France the PaifS area Particularly the Renault plant in BillancZt Only 2 RAF Craft Lost in Attack LONDON bomb ers attacking French industries producing war materials for Ger many flattened buildings like packs of cards in a twohour raid on industrial targets in the Paris surburbs during the night an of ficial spokesman disclosed Wednes day Vichy reported R50 persons killed and 1500 wounded in the raid Describing the operations as highly successful he said Royal Air Force pilots reported that several heavy bombs blew build ings hundreds of feet into the air Our casualties were light he said In all our operations last night we lost only two aircraft While one British force raided the Paris area other RAF planes resumed attacks on Germany The principal French target was the big Renault motor and tank works at Billancourt southwest of Paris Bombs also were dropped on the industrial districts of BouloffneSurSine and Neuilly in suburban Paris The spokesman said a large part of the Renault works located on an island in the Seine river was attacked A number of our heaviest bombs fell on this island he said Authoritative sources said no bombs fell on Paris proper The RAFs sudden shift from traditional targets in Germany to the Renault tank and motor factory may inaugurate a heavy new campaign against captive arms industries throughout Europe which the naiis have seized for their own purposes London observers pointed out that the captive plants in most cases were more accessible to British bombers than the German plants many of which have been moved eastward beyond easy range V v A diplomatic commentator said Tuesday nights raid was staged partly as a result of appeals Irom French evacuees who have escaped to Britain He said these evacuees had told British authorities the French population was surprised that factories such as the Renault plant had not been attacked be fore They wanted this type of raids themselves the commen tator said He denied the Paris raid rep resented a new British policy toward France Our policy always has been and will be to attack the enemy wher ever and whenever he can be found The raid last night repre sents a continuation and projec tion of that policy The commentator recalled that the British radio previously warned the French population that targets in the Paris area might be raided anytime It was the sincere wish of the British government that many French lives may have been saved by these warnings he said In view of official reports from the continent that the nazi industrial machine has been strained to produce an arsenal for Adolf Hitlers spring offen sive Tuesday nights raids were considered of particular impor tance V V f Morale of workers forced to produce munitions for the enemy is less likely to stand up if British bombing raids are carried out the commentator said Byforcing the Germans to spread their air defenses raids on France also might alleviate some what the problem of the reichs excellent night antiaircraft sys tem he pointed out Forecast for Iowa Is Slightly Colder DES MOINES colder weather was forecast for Wednesday night but mild tem peratures continued over Iowa Minimum temperatures fore cast for Wednesday night were 25 in the northern half 32 in the southeast and 30 in the southwest The mercury climbed to a state high of 50 degrees at Burlington Tuesday and Tuesday nights low reading was Davenport and Iowa City EDUCATOR DIES AT IOWA CITY Prof J A McGeoch Head of Psychology at SUI Was Well Known IOWA CITY era services arc expected to be hole Thursday for Prof John Alex ander McGeoch 44 head of th University of Iowa psychology dc pavtment He suffered a cerebral hem morhage Feb 26 and died Tues day night Professor McCeocli came t Iowa in 1039 from Wcsleyan uni versity Middletown Conn Prior to that he was head c the psychology department at til U n i v ersity of Missouri p r o fessor at the U n i versity of Arkansas and associate pro fessor at Wash ington univer sity St Louis He had been editor of the P s y c hological Bulletin s i nee 1933 was a member of the American Psy chological association and th American Association for the Ad vancemenl of Science He als was a former president of th Midwestern Psychological associa tion and the Connecticut Valle Association of Psychologists McGcoch was born in Argylc N Y and attended school n Westminister Pa Colorado col lege University of Chicago Co lumbia and the University of Cal ifornia He had written numerou psychological works He is survived by his widow two children and his mother YANKElTROOPS REACH LONDON LONDON hnnd red American troops arrived i London Wednesday trom norUier Ireland Bluffs Iowa who came over here the American expeditionary with forces in the first World war was the first man down the gangplank behind his commanding officer Wednesday when American troops landed here I never thought 24 years ago that I would come over again said master Sergeant Dorance W Mann who is 45 years old I remember we landed at Liverpool on Dec 31 1817 Mann said This time I rode a little ligher up in the ship and me and my pals had ham the last time if Manns face was grave as he walked down the gangplank car rying full gear I used to be a mail carrier in civilian life and I like to walk he said Because I like to walk I like to marcli And traveling on a troop transport is old stuff to me Major General Russell Hartle welcomed Mann to Ireland Im very glad to see you again sir the sergeant responded Mann was in five major en jagements in the first World war Marne Chateau Thierry Toul Argonne and St Mihiol After the armistice he was sta tioned near Coblentz with the American army of occupation Mann was asked how he felt about leaving his ivife and their 18 year old daughter Eleanor fell for a long time that my regiment was going and I naturally figured thul so long as the boys in the regiment were coming over that Id better come along with them he said You know there is a lot of feel ing among a bunch of men who have been working and palling together for years BRITISH SHIP RAMMED SUNK PHILADELPHIA allied nation freighter of 3015 tons was rammed and sunk by n 5090 ton tanker just outside the Lewes Delaware breakwater Wednesday Five men are missing The fourth navnl district an nounced the British freighter Gypsum Prince was sunk in col hsion with the tanker Voco short ly after G a m EWT Six men were picked up from a raftand 13 additional men in cluding the pilot were rescued by coast guard boats The Voco owned by the Stand ard Transportation company of Londan was chartered by the Soc ony Vacuum Oil company Anderson Seeks Demo Nomination in 8th SIOUX CITY John W Anderson former Iowa supreme court justice said he has decided to seek the democratic congres sional nomination in the eighth district Representative Vincent F Harrington incumbent has announced his candidacy for re election MANY MIDWEST SOLDIERS ARE IN CONTINGENT U S Warships Guard Troops on Passage Across Atlantic By C 1C CUNNINGHAM United Press Staff Correspondent A NORTH IRELAND PORT UR thousands of American fighting men from midwcstem plains pomeel into Northern Ire land to bolster the American ex peditionary force Wednesday after a rough but uneventful crossing the North Atlantic under escort of United States warships Husky Americans from the cities and farms shouted boister ously that they were looking for action when hey arrived amid such extreme secrecy that they already are being dubbed the Khosl army United States warships helped escort the latest AEF convoy to Northern Ireland it was disclosed shortly after it was announced that several hundred American troops had arrived in London The new north Atlantic crossing was uneventful The new troops were men drawn from the midwestern states including Iowa South Da kola Minnesota Nebraska and Illinois One detachment belongs to a famous unit that was known in the last war as the Rainbow Division The Rainbow Division com manded by Gen Douglas MacAr thiirwas made up of men from a large number of states and played an heroic role in the first World war if The first two men off the big liner that arrived first were Hie commanding officer and his friend soldier the first World war Master Scrgt Dorancc IV Mann Both the commanding officer and Mann are from Council Bluffs tta Announcement of the arrival of new troops was made simul taneously at London and in Wash ington The American troops then poured down tlic gangplanks many of them expressing the hope they would see action with out much delay in line with President Roosevelts prediction that there will be American of fensive action in the future In contrast with the arrival of the first AEF contingent earlier this year there were no ceremonies when the Americans landed Wed nesday There was only a personal word of greeting from Maj Gen Russell P Hartlc commander of the American forces in Northern Ire land to the commanding officer of the first troop transport to dock No sooner were the men dis look hours to Ret them all they were sent off for rigorous training in Uic rolling ulcns of Ulster which British soldiers say is the louch cst seasoning sroumi in the world Baggage and equipment of every description followed quickly as the British and American officers co operated in unloadingoperations Such details including transpor tation have been worker out and new the machinery is well oiled The colonel who chose Sergeant Mann to be the first soldier off the transport I think he is probably the most representative of American sol diery The colonel was first greeted Iy Harllc and then by Maj Gen II E Franltlyn commander of the British forces in Northern Ireland Gen Sir Walter K Ven ninff quartermaster of the Brit ish army and by the director of British troop movements Some Americans will be quar tered in a converted mansion at the foot of a wooded hill used by British troops since early in the war The mansion local residents say is tenanted by a ghost On one occasion it is said the ghost was challenged by a British sen try The sentry reported he saw the old squire as the ghost is called walk down the lane toward a graveyard He was said to havc challenged the ghost and fired without re sult A popular belief in this area is that the old squire walks every Saturday night The Americans did not arrive in this camp until 24 hours after ;