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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 3, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AHO OES UOINES I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press United Press Full Leased Wiles Cents a Copy MASON City IOWA SATURDAY MAKCH 3 1945 NO 125 INSIDE WASHINGTON Queen WilHelmino Always Conscious Shes Royalty By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist h e commotion Congresswoman Emily Taft Doug las churned up with the impulsive statement that she was banned from speaking on a radio program vilh Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and Mrs Roosevelt because she was a commoner surely has enlivened the war drugged atmosphere Congresswoman Douglas has since said she herselfdid not make the nearbitter accusation She said she suffered from an office with a misplaced sense of humor Perhaps And then perhaps again But denial or no denial the blame or contrariwise I think there was more fire than smoke in the uproar Mrs Roose velt was not aware of any Dutch remarks that might have discrimi nated against Mrs Douglas Mrs Roosevelt made this clear in he press conference But I do think some discriminatory sentences es caped on purpose from oUicia Dutch sources The the Netherland mighty conscious of roy ally They have I should say stronger belief in the divine righ of kings and queens than pos anyother Europea monarchy or empire When Queen Wilhelmina visite Washington several years ago eryone who came within curtsy ing distance was made conscious that her majesty meant to be com pletely her and to enjoy every royal prerogative For example it was announced Wilhelmiha would appear at a press conference with Mrs Roosevelt during her stay at the white house Days in advance of the date set upon the newspaper who attended Mrs Roose velts conference were asked to submit in writing questions they planned to ask the Dutch queen These questions were whittled down discreetly Only a few innocr ones were left on the mime ographed pages handed to the re porters when they arrived to meet the queen Each reporter read her own question aloud The queen replied to the questions from an swers likewise prepared in ad i yance for the mimeographed pages impromptu question BLOW UP THREE RHINE BRIDGES Russians Capture 2 Pomeranian Strongholds REDS FIGHTING WITHIN SIGHT OF BALTIC SEA Moscow Reports Nazi Lines Broken Between Rummelsburg Bublitz London Konstan tin K Rokossovskys red army Saturday captured the Pomera nian strongholds of Pollnosv and Rummelsburg in a drive which the Germans said had carried within 4 miles of the Baltic Moscow broadcast an order of the day by Marshal Stalin an nouncing the capture of Pollnow 23 miles from the Baltic and 20 miles southeast of Koeslin and Rumrnelsburir 37 miles from the Baltic and 24 miles northeast of Neustettin The fall of the two strong points cleared the way tor Rokossovskys White Russian army to push on to the Baltic and cut oft the German troops to the northeast Nazi broadcasts said he alreadyhad cut the Baltic coastal railway and highway the last land line of es cape the Germans in north eastern Pomerania and Danzig free state The Germans said Rokossov skys forces cut the railway at Zanow 4 miles south of the Baltic and moved on toward the The Russians were fighting within sight of the Baltic at three places Moscow clothed in a security blackout the exact extent ot the soviet penetration northward in iovm ans and left thewKlielurase Before they reached the gate came Vhur ried message from Bliss Thomp son Mrs Roosevelts able confi dential secretary asking that tbe impromptu question and answer be off the record This solemn attitude was a experience for the white house newswomen Mrs Roosevelt is al frank And never obviously troubled It left in the minds of the conference guests the strong feeling that royalty was still roy alty Therefore and now I get back to Mrs Douglas I think something was said or done by the Dutch of ficials which inspired the undiplo matic commoner remark Mrs the cute little Douglas Ivom far from stupid She may develop as the cleverest of the newlyelected group of congresswomeu I under stand she has acquired a snappy press agent to sell her to the coun try The radio incident was likely dressed up by the press agent It will do Mrs Douglas no harm however On the contrary it will make her popular with people who are a little fed up with royalty It might not be a bad idea nev ertheless if Mrs Douglas would watch her press agent a little Mrs Virginia Jenckes once congress woman from Kansas had a super duper highlycharged press agent A gentleman This excitable fellow turned Mrs Jenckes inlo such a patriot that she was practically wrapped in the American flag every min ute of the Bay and night He tried to publicize his client in many oth er spectacular ways The unfortu nate Mrs Jenckes was promptly defeated at the next election PomeranSa but AB Correspondent 1800 Planes Over Reich for 3rd Day London allied dive bombers were mauling the Ger mans along the Rhine more than 1800 U S 8th air force planes flew into central and southeastern Germany for the 3rd straight day and battered more than a dozen rail oil and industrial targets es sential to the nazi war machine This great fleet including 1100 heavy bombers first gave Berlin another scare then swung south over the BrunswickMagdeburg region where 103 naii planes were destroyed Friday The targets included 3 factories at Brunswick where Panther tanks trucks and oil ielinery equipment are produced 4 small oil refineries northeast of Bruns wick large synthetic oil plants at Hothensee a suburb of Magde burg Ruhland 27 miles north of Dresden and Misburg near Han nover One of the task forces of heavy bombers went 50 miles beyond Leipzig and cracked the huge marshalling yards at Chemnitz for the 2nd day running The German radio reported at least 3 bomber formations over western and southwestern Ger many before 10 a rn an hour later the German news agency DNB hurriedly left the air after announcing that one formation waswithin 60 miles of Berlin Friday night RAF mosquitos at tacked with blockbusters for the llth successive night and also bombed the railway center of Kassel 110 miles east of Cologne following up Fridays hammering of the reich by more than 6000 Yanks Battle for Every Yard on Luzon Manila by bombers and fighters American troops battled yard by yard through the Japanese line east ol Manila Saturday in some of the fiercest fighting yet on Luzon The Japanese were resisting savagely along the entire 11mile front from Ahtipolo to Wawa in a desperate attempt to cover what was described officially as this final mountain retreat Units of the first cavalry and Gth infantry divisions were encounter ing strong artillery mortar and rocket fire as they inched through the enemys tough Kobuyashi line The Japanese were fighting from GERMANS MAKE FINAL ATTEMPT TO STOP YANKS Canadian First Joins Ninth to Close Solid Wall Against Rhine Paris Germans blew up the three great Rhine bridges at Saturday in a des perate bid to block a crossing by three allied armies storming up to the river on a 75mile front A fourth Rhine bridge at Uer diueeii linking Krefcld with the Ruhr arsenal city of Duisburg also was reported to have been wrecked in what appeared to be the last act of the battle for the Ihinelaml The nazis were writing off their ONE OF OUR AIRCRAFT IS inflame and smoke a B26 of the II 3 9th air force hurtles toward the ground after a direct hit by enemy flak over a Germancommunications center Gilmore dispatch fromtteRussiaucapital thatMar shal Konstantin K Rokossovsk s wedge driven between Rummels burit and Bublitz southeast of Koeslin has broken the Germans line as a line By German account Russian ar mored spearheads cut across the Danzig Stettin communications east ot Koeslin seven miles from the Baltic coast Moscow has not confirmed this report nor a German statement that the Russians were in the out skirts of Koeslin By enemy account Russian at tempts to widen their wedge were repulsed in wild handtohand fighting while Moscow dispatches said Rokossovsky when he had driven his wedge as far as he need ed it turned his attention to the Hanks and rapidly beat back Volkssturm home guard and seasoned nazi army units 1 A German communique an nouncement that soviet units had thrust northwest of Dramburg in dicated the Russians were making a new smash through Pomerania toward the Baltic Dramburg is 47 miles southwest of Koeslin Three Russian spearheads were jabbing for Koeslin and tbe port of Kolberg 24 miles to the west Tanks drove the wedge between Rummelsbur and Bublilz Storm oviks and medium bombers rang ed ahead of these mobile units in jrood flyinjf weather In Silesia Russian storm units fought from building to building against the Germans surrounded in Brcslau allied aircraft from Italy joined in nights assault attackingthe Por to Vescovo rail yards at Verona and leaving a number of fires in followup to Fridays blasting of German communications i n northern Italy and Austria by heavy bombers and lighters of the Mediterranean allied air force The German air force was mauled severely Friday as it came up in strength for the firsttime since middle January in an effort to stop 1200 U S 8th air force bombers and 70 fighters slashing at a half dozen targets in south eastern Germany Incomplete reports showed a total of 122 nazi planes destroyed in aerial combat and 36 on the ground by the 8th and tacti cal air forces Losses were still to be announced Reports indicated the RAFs 2 raids on Cologne by heavy bomb ers Friday took a heavy toll ot German troops and vehicles While American artillery was blasting the historic Rhine city the RAF scored bullseye hits on 2 import ant escape bridges and a 3rd crumbled as 10 nazi motor vehi cles sverc attempting to flee across Mitschers Carrier Planes BombStrafe Ryukyu Islands Within 200 Miles of Japan Guam Adm Marc A Mitschers rampaging carrier task force bombed and strafed the Byukyu islands in a 275mile arc tvithin 200 miles ot the southern tip of the Japanese homeland Thursday destroying or damaging 45 shipsi OUR FIGHTING 3V5EN must laugh very hard when they hear some civilian talk about what we have done for the war Certainly some civilians have helped as best they could But there is no pos sible comparison between what any civilian has done and that of the contribution of the man who has gone overseas Suppose the man overseas has not been ex posed to death that is luck Most ly He has prepared himself for sacrifice OPA Ponders Ceiling Rent on Easy Chairs San Diego Cal OPA Saturday pondered a new ques tion one of the many headaches arising from the housing shortage in warpacked San Diego Just what should be the ceiling price for overnight or weekly ren tal of easy chairs in private homes The chair rental business came to light when a woman telephoned OPA headauarters to find out if she was required to register when renting chairs in her home to transients or steady customers I charge a month because the easy chair tenant has no other place to stay she reported Report Artillery Duels Along 5th Army Lines Only Italian Action Rome artillery duels were reported Saturday along the 5th army lines while other action on the Italian front was limited to patrolling More than 500 rounds of artil lery and mortar fire fell in tbe vicinity of Mount Belvedere Thursday night headquarters said Onthe right flank German grenades were fired into forwarc positions from west oE Monte Rumici Fifth army units drove off a German patrol in the vicinity o Gallicano and used chemical mor tar fire with good results nortl and west of the city Two patrol clashes which re suited in casualties to both side were reported along the Senio river on the 8th army front EATON ACCEPTS Washington Eato R N J ranking minority mem ber of the house foreign affairs committee accepted Saturda President Hoosevelts invitation t be a delegate to the united nation world conference at San Fran Cisco Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GtobcGazcti carrier boy MARINES BATTLE OWARD COAST Make Determined Bid to Split Jap Garrison Guam veteran third larine division battled to within half mile of the northeast coast f Two Saturday in a determined iid to split the decimated Japanese arrison Maj Gen Graves B Erskines bird division resumed its attack arly Saturday after pushing head TOO yards to within 600 yards of sheer cliffs overlooking a 300yard beach on the northeast coast Friday A thrust to the northeast coast would isolate the Japanese on the east coast from those on the north west and speed final conquest of iny Iwo only 750 miles south of Tokyo Front dispatches said the iwo campaignalready was enter ing its last stages Capture of a 362foot height dominating northern Iwo by the third division Friday was expect ed to facilitate the drive to the northeast coast The division also within 1200 to 1400 yards of the northern tip of Iwo The Japanese still were tigtitlnf desperately and exacting a steady toll of marines despite losses of nearly tbrecnnarters of the oriB inal garrison of 20000 men The number of Japanese bodies recovered by the marines reached increase of 2343 since noon Friday and thousands more were known to have been pulled back by the emy himself Thirtytwo prisoners have been taken nouncedSaturdayiis It was the 3rd strike by the fast American carrier task force in Japans home waters in less than 3 weeks On Feb 17 and 18 MHscber sent his great task force against Tokyo in the first fullscale carrier sirike of the against the Japanese capital On the 25th they hit Tokso again in a strike under adverse weather conditions On the fol lowing day they attacked the out post island of Hachija Thursdays strike was made against 6 islands ranging from Aroami Shirria 200 miles south of the southern tip of Kyushu and 220 miles south ot the Japanese naval of KagoShima to Kline Shima 275 miles farther south The carrier strike came as the veteran 3rd marine division bat tled footbyfoot to within 3 hal mile of the northeast coast o Iwo Jima in a bid to split the decitriated Japanese garrison Within the 275mile arc of th carrier planes attaok they hi Minami Tokuno Jima Okinoy erabu Jima and the main islam of Okinawa Jima In addition to damage wrough to military naval and air instal lations Nimitz listed the follow ing damage Four aircraft shot from the ai 37 aircraft definitely destroyed o the ground and about 50 other destroyed or damaged However some of the latter may have been inonerational previously Shipping sunk included 1 de stroyer 1 motor torpedo boat 6 small cargo vessels 2 medium cargo craft an ocean going tng and 2 luggers Probably sunk were 1 medium cargo vessel 6 small coastal cargo craft and G luggers Listed as damaged were 4 destroyer es corts or patrol craft 1 medium transport 4 medium cargo ves sels 9 small coastal cargo craft 1 small freighter and 10 luggers NNEW ENGLAND Cook Giles Arrested in Concord N H Boston fP Two notorious esperadoes who meekly surrend to FBI agents and police a1 N H Friday without iring a slibt were whisked to Bos on for preliminary arrangement n federal cotirt Saturday Elaborate precautions were taken to prevent escape of the elu sive jailbreakers wanted by police n many sections of the country or nearly every crime in the book but FBI authorities did not reveal details The pair hairlipped Edgar Wil liam Cook 31 a Boston native and George William Stubblefield alias Giles 37 of Oklahoma slip ped through many a police cordon since their escape last November from the Nebraska penitentiary and subsequent break from the Council Bluffs Iowa escape proof jail They were heavily armed when nabbed in the New Hampshire capital i New England FBI Chief E A Soucy said Cook was surrounded by federal men and police as he left a hotel lie tried to draw a sun from his pocket Soucy said but gave up when he saw weapons n the hands of the officers Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cold Saturday night Lowest above Sunday increasing cloudi ness and rising temperature Iowa Fair Saturday night Slightly colder in extreme east and not quite so cold in northwest por tion Sunday increasing cloudi ness and rising temperature with rain or snow beginning over west and extreme soutU portions in afternoon Minnesota Partly cloudy rather cold Saturday Sunday mostly cloudy with rising temperature except becoming colder in north portion in afternoon Light snow in southwest portion Sunday INMASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistic Maximum Friday 31 Minimum Friday 3 At 8 a m Saturday 5 SnowfaU 4 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 32 Precipitation 01 Gen Harmon Missing in Pacific Area Army Headquarters P a c i f i Ocean IIP The army reported early Saturday that Lt Gen Vlillard F Harmon 57 command of varihyaicv forge in the Pacitic ocean er of the 20th and 9 other army officers and enlisted men are missing in a flight over the Pacific All available air and surface craft were dispatched to the area iu which the plane is believed to have gone down and the hunt is being continued The army described the search by array and navy planes and ships as the most extensive search operation ever known in the Pa cific An announcement by Lt Gen Robert C Richardson Jr com mander of army forcesin the Pa ific ocean area said the men vere missing since the generals personal plane in which they vere making a routine flight j ailed to reach its destination 1 Those missing in addition to 3en Harmon are Brig Gen James R Antlarsen j of Washington D C chief of staff to Gen Harmon j Col William Bail WashingtonI D C executive officer for the deputy commander of operations army air forces Pacific ocean area Maj Francis E Savage Tioga Tex the pilot Maj Archibald D Anderson Brookincrs S DIC navigator j First LI Jack M West Chicago copilot Douglas Anderson ol La Center engineer Steve Gcist Brooklyn N Y radio operator Pfc Arthur Oscar Kansas Cily trongly defended caves and pill oxes entrenched in the moun ains on the Marakina watershed he last big barrier before Luzons east coast some 30 miles away American forces met little oppo sition however In wresting an other island in the Philippines from the enemy Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique said American troops oi the 24th division invaded ancj quickly seized Lubang island at the western end of the Verde pas sage Thursday against only neg ligible resistance Lubang main island of the group of the same name was the 18th island in the Philippines invaded by V S amphibious forces Its capture firmly secured control of the main shipping channel through the Philippines between the United States and Manila Other American forces contin ued to fan out through newlyin vaded Palawan against practically no opposition from the Japanese who were fleeinkintq the bills One force swept across the bay at Puerto Princesa and seizedthe abandoned village of Iwahig for mer Philippines penal colony The operation gave the Americans practical control of Palawan and it was presumed that air and naval operations may be started from there against the Japanese rich possessions in the Dutch East In dies to the south The aerial campaign from the Philippines was intensified with the American bombers ranging as far north as the Ryukyu islands above Formosa Five small freighters were sunk and 5 others set afire at Okinawa big Japanese base in the Ryukyus which stretch from Formosa to the southern tip of the enemys home land entire front west of the Rhine ex LEWIS OPPOSES OWNERS1 CLAIMS Will Tryto Upset Figures on Operation cept for a beleaguered pocket around Cologne Elements of the American ninth and Canadian first armies clinch ed the victory in the RhineMaas corridor north of Krefeld with a juncture in the village of Beren donk that closed a solid wall of allied troops and armor against the Rhine The Duesseldorf bridges were blown up sometime between mid night and a m Saturday while Lt Gen William H Simp sons nintharmy was surging up to the Bbine on a broad stretch iit ttie wake of the routed and fleeinp German lath army The Germans spotted the pa trols edging cautiously across the Rhine and threw the switches which wrecked the three massive rail bridge and two highway bridges The patrols turn ed back and reached the west safely Two of the bridges spanned the Rhine directly from Jtfeuss west bank town in American jharids and the great industrial of Duesseldorf The the north stretching fromDues seldorf to Niederkassel v United Press Correspondent Clinton B Conger in i dispatch from the ninth army front said Simpsons 83rd division now had closed solidly against the Rhine along most of its frontage opposite Duesseldorf The patrol activity on the Rhine ahead of the 9th army may have given rise to unoEIicial re ports here and in London that scouts had crossed the river where the Americans were mov ing up to the bank along a 12 mile front opposite Duesseldorf and Duisburg The flight of the Germans from the Rhineland area west of the river was described in some quar ters as a debacle Canadian 1st army forces pushingsoutheast ward toward the American spear heads were expected to make the junction at anytime Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges 1st army tightening an assault arc on the approaches to Cologne captured 16 towns and villages southwest of the Rhineland city The 1st army drove into Zuel pich big transport center 18 miles due west of Bonn and overran half of it in a few hours The Bth division wound tip the Washington L Lewis challenged Saturday the claims of bituminous operators that his conj tough battle for Mocdrath B miles tract demands would cost the west of Cologne and Htstied on dustry a year Lewis indicated he will Stubblefield Giles was seized jo assistant engineer eparting from a motion picture leater which was showing a mur cr mystery entitled The Sus ect Soucy said Cook was carrying a ipanish make automatic pistol in nis coat pocket and three fully oaded pistols in a brief case Not ar from the movie theater police recovered a stolen automobile vhich the FBI chief said contain ed a shotgun rifle burglars tools drills sledge hammers and pinch jars Arresting officers said the des peradoes had stolen several auto mobiles committed many bnrglar es and gathered themselves about since they fled shoeless in a police car amid a fusilade of bul ets from the Council Bluffs jail Jan 13 The men had S700 between tiiem Friday including coins in bank wrappers At Council Blulfs they boastec theyd escape in that blue police car and they did after keys fash ioned from toothbrush handles hac opened six doors to freedom They also boasted that after weve been out of here a month were coming back and blow up the whole damn town They didnt New England FBI agents am police had been on the lookout fo the men since last Saturday an picked up the trail in Concorc early Friday when a policema noted a license plate on a car re ported stolen in Kansas by th fugitives Mclnerney whose full amewas not available was a assenger Next of kin have all been noti ied Last reports from the big trans ort plane which was used per onally by Harmon indicated it had ample fuel supply for the emainder of the flight Adding mystery was the report also that weather conditions in he area over which the plane flew were reported good and the ea was reported calm rank Sinatras Agent Says Singer 4F Again New York Evans agent for Crooner Frank Sinatra said Saturday the singer again ha been classified 4F Sinatra who appeared fop phy sical examinations at a Newar induction center and before arm doctors at GovernorsIsland Feb 9 was originally classified 4F i Dec 1943 because of a puncture eardrum Evans said Sinatra was rejecte for the same reason this timi After his examinations la month Sinatras case was referre to Washington His Jersey City draft board sai up until late Friday night that had received no report on th Washington decision It was ex 1 pected at the board Saturday into Grefrath and Bottenbroich on either side of the trunk high way into Cologne The bridgehead across the Erft before Cologne was deepened to a try to 1 upset the figures advanced Frij day by Charles ONeill head of j the central Pennsylvania soft coal roducers group The operators maximum of 3 miles The Ger negotiating a new contract I mans were battling stubbornly to ith Lewis United Mine Workers j contain it ONeill said the 18 demands Ncuss and Kvcfeld both were in resented by Lewis would cost lore than 65 cents a ton and as erted the proposals are as full of inges as a Hawaiian dancers kirL Fringe demands are those re arded by the war labor board s secondary or auxiliary as ontracted to general wage in creases directly challenging the ittte steel wage formula One operator said Lewis de mands are so extensive ooks as though Mr Lewis hrowinjr the book and laughing at the war labor board Lewis steered clear of a direct assault on the formula and said his illustrated the restraint of the miners However he askedfor shift dif erentials higher vacation allow ances free safely equipment elimination of certain job differ entials and restoration of a 35 hour work week to permit time and a half for hours worked in excess of that limit Overtime pay at present starts after 40 hours of the 54hour work week The operators estimate this would net the average miner a day more Chief item however was the 10 cent royalty which Lewis asked on each ton produced Operators estimate this would run to 000000 or and said it would make Lewis a labor czar with unprecedented power and i funds at hij disposal American hands after a short sharp tight against diehard Ger man rear guards and Lt Gen William II Simpsons armored and infantry divisions were rac ing through the Rhineland corri dor to tbe west and northwest mopping up bypassed enemy units American flying columns plunged IB miles northwest ot Krefeld to reach the highway center of Geldern only 5 miles from a junction with the Canadi ans in Kevelaer Several thousand nazi para troops fighting a stiff rear euard action against the Canadians to cover the retreat of their main orccs faced envelopment be wcen the converKins armies but he bulk of the German divisions were reported already on or across the Rhine The remnants of the German 15th army left in the Homeland corridor south of Neuss were re potted fleeing southward in some disorder toward Cologne under heavy aerial attack PASSENGER DECREASE DCS Moincs The Des Moines Railway company reported Saturday that the midnight cur few for nightclubs and similar establishments had caused a 50 per cent drop in the number ot passengers on street cars and buses at 1 and 2 a m ;