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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 3, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME D t rM H V U T C I T 0 T i N C THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION iTTTTTTl VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires File Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 3 1944 This Paper Consists ot NO 1ZT F R Nominates Graven CUT VEGETABLE North Iowa U S Judge MASON CITYAN SELECTED FOR FEDERAL BENCH Nomination Referred to Judiciary Group Before Senate Action W a s h i n g t o n Roosevelt Friday nominated Hen ry N Graven of Mason City for the Northern Iowa federal district judgeship The nomination was sent to the senate where it was referred to the judiciary committee Under senate procedure the committee will call a public hearing before acting on the nomination Graven 50 a state district judge will succeed Federal Judge George C Scott of Sioux City re signed Senator Gillette Diowa rec ommended Graven for the post from a list of 2G applicants Gillette said this is the first time that a democrat has been nomin ated for federal judge of the Northern Iowa district The senator said the choice was difficult because there were 20 aspirants all able lawyers with experience and judicial qualifica tions The department of justice con ducted an independent investiga tion and in the meantime had re quested me to recommend one ot the list as my choice Gillette said I recommended T E Dia mond of Sheldon Diamond was past the age limit which the president had specified for federal judiciary ap poinlmenls The department of justice advised me that due to this policy tile president could not nominate Mr Diamond Al the same lime the depart ment stated that as a result of its investigation it had selected the names of 3 men anyone of whom ivouldbe satisfactory lo the paremnt On this list Jesse Marshall of Sioux City Judge Henry Graven of Mason City and Luke Li nun n of Algona Mr Marshall is in the armed services and automatically eliminated because of the policy not to take men from the armed services if others are available I was well acquainted with the fine qualifications of Mr Ltnnan and knew him well personally I am slightly acquainted with Judge Graven On the basis of communica tions and recommendations from Ihose who knew bolh candidates and especially on the basis of ge ographical location in the district I recommended Judge Henry Graven NEW SCHEDULE OPA Officials Credit Gardeners for Outlook Increase Fruit Points ABBEY by a German and radioed to the U S from Stockholm this picture is said to show the ruins of Benedictine monastery atop Ml Cassino in Italy after the first allied bombing and shelling of the ancient abbey which the nazis used Report Bulgaria Has Named Place for Peace Conference London has named a definite place for an armisj lice conference with the United Scales and Great Britain reliable advices from the continent said Friday coincident with reports that Rumania has followed the Bui Washington UP A number of canned vegetables including to matoes peas and corn will have substantially lower point values beginning Sunday but shoppers will have to give up considerably more ration points in buying canned fruits I The ration cost of tomato and citrus juices also will be boosted in the Mariih chart of processed food grapefruit juice point free during the lust 3 mouths back on the list at 1 point for a number Z can In creased likewise are the point val ues 011 canned fresh lima beans tomato catsup and grape juice OPA announced the new ration values Friday No change is made in the cur rent values on frozen foods pre serves and jellies dry beans canned soups and baby food but the revised chart gives pointfree ratings lo canned freshshelled beans dry prunes raisins cur rants and mixed dried fruits Victory gardeners and home canners received full credit from OPA Administrator Chester Bowles for the sharp downward adjust ment of vegetable pointvalues which the changes make the low est since the start of rationing They did a magnificent job last year Bowles said in expressing a hope that more victory gardens will be grown in 1944 It will be possible to keep ration points at or even near present levels only if the food output this year is ereat er than ever before The vegetable revision slashes the ration cost of a number 2 can of peas from 10 to 3 points For the byMitchell Monies More j chairman of Ihc democratic state central committee announced Thursday the partys state organi zation would support a slate oi stale office candidates headed by Hichard P Mitchell Fort Dodge lawyer and former justice of the Iowa supreme court for governor dthcrs on the slate were Oscar K Johnson Kanawha druggist and former state representative for lieutenant governor Mrs Gcne vieve E Nichols of Iowa Falls secretary of slate Peter J Kics Dubuque former member of the state unemployment security com mission auditor E G Doughman Busscy banker treasurer Harry K Garrelt Corydon law yer and former assistant attorney general for attorney general Dr A F McGreevy Sioux City vet erinarian secretary of agriculture and James M Bell Burlington real estate man and former mayor of that city commerce commis sioner More said the slale was agreed upon at lhe Jackson day dinner last Saturday which was attended by most of the active Iowa demo crats Nomination papers now are being circulated by the central committee for those candidates Map Plan to Shift 3rd of Italian Fleet to Russians Heavy U S Reinforcements Landed on Los Negros Isle ISy RICHARD C BERGHO1Z Associated 1rcss War Editor Gen Douglas MacArthur reported Friday thai heavy ground rcinforccnicnls have been kmdcd on Los Negros island in lhe Bis marck sea Admiralty group lo back up firsl cavalry division forces invaded Ihc strategic Japa HEAVY LOSSES INFLICTED UPON GERMAN FORCE Allied Positions Are Intact as Offensive of Enemy Collapses their residence for the present Judge Graven said The federal appointment is for life Thesalary is a year with the right to retire on a pen sion of the same amount upon reaching the age of 70 northern district of of the approximate north half of the slate There is but one judge for it but court is held at Sioux City Fort Dodge Cedar Rapids Waterloo Dubuque and Mason City THAW HAMPERS RED ADVANCE Many Roads Impassable But Gains Continue Judge Graven became district judge in January 1937 when Gov Nelson G Kraschel appointed him to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Judge J J Clark He was reelected without opposition in 1938 and 1942 bolh the republi can and democratic district judi cial conventions nominating him in 1942 lie is a graduate of Ihe Univer sity of Minnesota colleges of arts and law and received the honorary doctor of laws degree from Capi tnl university at Columbus Ohio in 1912 He started practicing at Greene in Butler county in 1921 upon completion o law school He remained there until 1936 when he was appointed attorney for the fowa state highway commission a position which he resigned to accept appointment as district judge He was trial judge in the months hearing of the multimil lion dollar McNidcr estate case and recently finished the 41 months trial of the Iowa South ern Utilities case at Newton t appointment of the Iowa supreme court Law reports show that the su preme court has never reversed his decision as a trial judge He was director ot legal institutes for j the Iowa State Bar association in j 1910 and 1941 and served as a member of the supreme court committee to formulate new rules of civil practice and procedure which went inlo effect July 4 1913 Judge Graven is a veteran of World war 1 having served over seas 1 i years and participated in 4 major battles with the U S engineers He has been a mem ber of the American Legion since 1919 He railroaded for a time before taking up law and xvas for several years a member of the Brother hood of Railway Carmen He is an active member of the American Lutheran church and is chairman of its national board of pensions He is of Norwegian descent The Grnvcns imkcthrir home at Clear Lake and have 3 sons David II Stanley U and Ilnyd By EDDY GILMORE Moscow fP Despite a freak ish springlike thaw which tampering military operations the red army is continuing its smashing offensive to liberate the soviet Baltic republics and has materially improved its positions dispatches from the front said Friday Temperatures were reportei almsnl as liiph as they usually an 11 late April or May and mcltci ice and snow was said lo be mak ing many roads impassable Russian forces nevertheless cap lured more territory bctwcei Luke Peipus and the Finnisl gulf and tightened their hold 01 Narvas communications while i the suburbs of Pskov Russia tommygunners inched forward i fierce fighting frontline advice said ars and Finns in sounding out lie allies on the prospects of a eparate peace 1 uf prmation from neutral Euro pean capitals which appeared rust worthy said Bulgarian peace overtures had reached the stage vhere Sofia is anxious to learn xaclly what terms the allies arc ireparcd to offer It is absolutely true thai Bul garia asking for armistice erms this informant said He icknowledged that the Bulgarian eelers still were in the prelimi lary stage Military observers said Ger nany would be hard put to force Bulgaria lo remain in the war nasmuch as the Bulgars have some lo divisions in the field itgainst no more than one or two divisions which Hitler could spare roni his Jugoslav campaign for police measures The uncertain factor in the si tuation appeared to be the atti tude of the Bulgarian army to ward a separate peace Meanwhile a United Press dis patch from Ankara quoted Buda pest reports that Rumania has sent a special peace envoy to Stockholm to meet with Mme Alexandra Kollonlai soviet am bassador to Sweden The dispatch said Premier Nicholas Kallay of Hungary was questioned at a government party meeting in Budapest Wednesday regarding the departure of a high Rumanian official for Stockholm by special plane It was Mme Kollontai who con ducted the preliminary peace talks with former Premier Juho K Paasikivi of Finland last month and laid down the 6 conditions under which the Soviets would be willing to grant Finland an armistice s from 10 to 5 and aspara gus from lo to 10 Fresh lima beans are hiked to 25 points for a number 2 can now 20 points while tomato catsup goes from 18 to 23 Explainingthe sharp boost o canned fruit pointvalues OPA says movement of these items into consumption has been nearly If per cent faster than scheduled resulting partially from earlict reductions of vegetable values which released more points foi buying fruit Ranging from 6 to 13 points the point value hikes on canned fruit for number cans give peaches as well as pears a new value n 43 points raised from 30 pine apple is increased 7 points to a total of 43 cherries exclusive o maraschino so from 27 to points fruit cocktail gels a ncv value of 43 points up from 36 For fruits in No 2 cans poin values on apples arc increased points to 18 and applesauce i up 5 points lo 25 The hike on tomato juice 3 io 6 poinls for a number 2 can Stocks are far below a 3ear ago OPA said In giving number 2 cans o grapefruit juice a Ipoint value OPA said the juice was mad pointfree last December to mov the large supply into consumptio before arrival of the new pack This has been accomplished th agency said and it now become necessary to put a point value o the item to get belter dislribtitio of the new pack1 Orange juice and blended ritri juices returned lo the open marj kcl this season arc given a point value for number 2 cans to VUUJJ1C assure fair distribution Yankee Bombers Again Assault Rome Railways Allied Headquarters Naples UR American heavy bombers at cted Rome for the third lime of 1C war Friday dropping tons of xplosives on the Littorio and Ti urlina railroad yards and Hie ilys main airdrome 35 miles lo ne norlh Smashing at Ihe keyslone ot jcrman transport above the Ital in front flying fortresses and iterators of the lath air force ilastering Ihe vail yards etfec ivcly and carpeting the Vitcrbo air icld with bombs Early reports indicate that the ailway yards were well covered and that the airdrome bombing vas a special announce ment said Earlier reports did not reveal whether Ahe bombardment was icavier than those of last July nnd August when Rome was at lacked previously by American lieavy bombers btit it was ob served thai Maj Gen Nathan F Twinings 15th air force now has more bombers than ever before Flying fortresses handled the j Rome assignment while the cilors flew on north to smash at the Viterbu airport The Tibuvtina rail yards lie about 2 miles southeast of the main rail station in Rome Station di Termini across city from Vatican City The Littorio yards one of targets of the first raid on Rome ast July 19 arc in the northern environs of Rome They carry the hulk of freight traffic from indus trial northern Italy Since the Anziu beachhead campaign began the Rome area has been attacked by medium bombers several times particu larly its air fields and suburbs American A3C dive bombers hit the Rome yards on Feb 15 Rome is regarded as a purely military target because it is feed ing German troops and supplies into the Anzio front The allies long have known that the Germans were using the railway yards ex tensively German air forces prob ably have used the Vilcrbo field for attacks on Ihe allies in the beachhead ncse held sleppingstone Tuesday The initial operation was launched as a reconnaissance in force the communique said but the enemys garrison although outnumbering our own troops was so completely surprised and outmaneuvered into dispersed positions that the reconnaissance was immediately developed into complete occupation Moinole airdrome Hie 5000foot airstrip which is the prize of the operation fell lo the Texas trained cavalrymen immediately after the lindins and lias beei held againsl counterattacks since then Engineers now arc whipping it into shape for use by allied planes The reinforcements reached Lo Negros after the original landini force had fought bitterly agains enemy attempts at night lo infil trate the thin American line guarding the harbor and beach head Several thousand Japanese sol Allied Headquarters Naples strong German drive into the center of the beachi head this week was described officially Friday as a cosily faU u re Allied headquarters said delcnse positions remained intact with all lost ground regained The enemy offensive the 3rd largescale attempt to drive the American ami British forces into the sea has now collapsed Two final German assaults with lanlis and infantry late Wednesday were repulsed it was announced and no new attacks une Thurs lhe cavalrymen Availed re diers are reported on LOB Negro and a larger enemy force may b on adjacent Mantis island largos of the admiralty group Both Ma mis and Los Negros were rippc by heavy and medium bombei iiiforcemenu UaV i American troops of the 3rd inj Other allied airmen blasted tat fantry division bore the brunt of the attack and scored a complete defensive success a hcadciuarters spokesman said Less than a week ago the 3rd originally composed chiefly of troops from the Pacific coasl was officially commended for previous exploits on the beachhead Whether the enemy is regroup ing for a continuance of the of fensive from some other sector is unknown but a blisteringattack delivered from the air Thursday by flying fortresses liberators and lighter aircraft served as a stron deterrent Lt Gen Mark W Clark com manding general of liic 5lh army the the the Yankees Attack Berlin First Time Fighter Planes Make Sweep London of American fighter planes carried the war to Berlin by daylight Friday in the first USAAF strike at the nazi capital while powerful fleets of U S heavy bombers from the and south rocked wcsl Germany and Rome Headquarters of the U S 8th air force anuunccd that British based American fighters nego liatco the 1000mile round trip flight to Berlin on an offensive sweep The brief anouncemcnt indi cated the raiders had machine gunned nazi targets in the capital inasmuch as the length of the flight would make it difficult if not impossible for the fighters to carrv anv appreciable bomb load It wa the first time Berliners have watched the insignia of the light raid on the ciy On Jan 30 1343 a force of speedy RAF mos quito bombers hit Berlin twice in broad daylight interrupting a nazi party anniversary speech by Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels This disclosure may presage a sweep by American heavy bomb ers over the German capital until recently considered too distant from British bases for daylight bombing because fighter planes accompanying the American air force liad been restricted to cov erage of flights at targets less dis tant from England A round trip Point values for the items which changes were made CANNFn VFGFTABIES Old Nrw PI PI Val Val AspTragu No 2 li 10 Bcati fresh shelled other thin than limas So 2 a 0 Beans fresh lima No it 21 S5 Corn ex vacuum packed No 2 10 a Corn Vacuum packed U2 a ft Pcis INo 21 in Tomalocs No 2 in Tciiulo Catsup H ozl IB CANNKH FRUITS Apple No 2 12 Apple Sauce No 2i 2i Cherries except maiapctiiiio No Mixed Fruits 1X0 2 Peaches No 2 Pears No No 2 CANNFlt Fruit Nectars No 2 Grapclruil Juice No 2 Citruj Juiic1 No 2 Grape juice pinl Tomato juice 2 DRIED FRl ITS raisins or cmranl dried mils per Ih g Aid in Had m Savings DCS lUoincs officials discovered a man and his on Ihc Social Welfare Assistance rolls had 52800 Both were in their nineties Why didnt you spend the money to support yourselves they were asked We were saving it for our old age was the rc piy said Thursday night the enemy had suffered a serious setback This latest German failure to wipe out he beachhead other allied officers said meant thai heavy losses have been inflicted on the divisions which spear headed he assault centered on a 1000yard front midway between Carrocclo and Cislcrna The Mediterranean allied air forces hurling virtually llteir en tire slrenglh Thursday againsl the Germans around lhe beachhead dropped about 40000 frngmenla tion bombs from some LGOOj a record for this type of attack in this theater American flying fortresses lib erators medium light and fighter bombers all participated the at tack being concentrated on the Carroceto Vellelri Cisterna line The German air force made no attempl to inlercept the for mations Ten enemy planes were sighted on one occasion but hey failed lo fight In the final attack late Wednes day in their 2day offensive the Germans were forced to cross open country nid allirtt artillery j tore holes in their ranks even before they iicarccl the lied lines Sufoscuuciitly Ameri can IriKins wiped out a frw mimir 1 infiltrations j Everywhere now OUT lines rei main intact as before Hie cilfen sive began an allied military commentator said The enemy losses included 9 tanks knocked out by one Ameri can antifank unit and an entire company of possibly 100 men am bushed by the British during a diversionary German assault near the Moletta river headwaters south nf Carrocclo gets along lhe enemyheld Nc uinea coast picking on Hatib bay installations for a 170ton a tack Rabaul New Britain took 38 ton pounding On the Burma front Japanese troops have eountera 11 a c k c d against allied troops driving on the important base at Akyab IK miles away while another allied force only 3D miles north of Akyab are meetiiipr stiff resis tance southeast Asia allied head quarters said American bombers swept over Japanese supply areas in northern Burma the communique said starting large fires Japan lost more than 6 ships a in February allied communiques showed In cluded were 25 units of lhe enei mys bailie fleet In all n third of Japans prewar navy lies on the bottom of the sea F R DISCLOSES DISCUSSION IN ALLIED CIRCLES U S and British Are Already Using Some of Surrendered Tonnage Washington ft President Roosevelt said Friday that discus ions were about half completed or transferring roughly onethird f the surrendered Italian fleet to Uissia The president also told a press conference that Edward R Stettinius acting secretary of stale would go to London soon to liscuss with British officials a lozeu or more questions awaiting solution He disclosed that the United States and Great Britain already were usins some of the Kalian tonnage that was surrendered with the capitulation of Italy and that efforts now are being made to determine how many of these ships or their equivalent can be urncd over to the Russian navy He said this was the question he bad told previous press confer ences that Marshal Stalin had brought up through his Washing ton ambassador He described it as a rather old question and re lated to what ships or their equiv alent would go to Russia He emphasized that so long as tlie war lasts the allies will USD everything afloat against the ene my but that after the war that was something else Asked whether the ships would be manned by Italians Mr Roose velt replied some may and some may not As for Italian ships which escaped to the Balearic is lands the president said that was a Spanish problem He said that since Italy surren dered to the United Slates Great Britain and Uussiatt was thouibt I5uy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report TO RtiCAST Mason City Snow flurries and colder Friday afternoon and Fri day night lowest temperature in Mason City 15 Saturday cloudy and continued cold Iowa Rain south and cast and snow northwest portion Friday night and Saturday forenoon changing to snow flurries and ending Saturday aflernoon No decided change in temperature lill colder Saturday afternoon Fresh to strong winds Minnesota Snow soulh and occa sional light snow north portion Friday night and Saturday fore noon changing o flurries anti ending Saturday afternoon Slightly colder Friday night colder Saturday afternoon Fresl to strong winds Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGa7ette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 43 Minimum Thursday night 32 At 8 a m Friday 32 Rain 01 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum U S air force flash across the skies over their battered capital I to Berlin from the British coast is 7 They have no plans to chance I but it was not the first allied dayI 980 miles 2 Warring Guerrilla Bands in Greece Agree to Combine Efforts Cairo agreement end ing the civil war in Greece has been signed by the 2 warring bands of Greek Andartes it was announced officially here Friday The guerrilla factions have agreed to devote their joint energies against the Germans TO HOLD VOUR NEWSPAPERBO YA KNOW HE COLLECTS TOMORROWc advisable to distribute the Italian fleet roughly on a onethird basis to each He would not say how much tonnage was involved As for Stettinius trip the presi dent said the acting secretary ot state accompanied by several as sistants would leave soon after Secretary Hull returns from a southern vacation He said it would not be a full dress confer ence and that there would not be a headline in it Asked whether he would lake up the question of the permanent committee in London created at the Moscow conference he said llinl was one of a d07cn things bul was not the top subjecl lo be discussed Recent reports have said Iliat the United StatesBritish confer ences would touch on political as well as economic problems The president commented briefly on other international topics but said there was nothing new to report on the discussions between the British and the state deparlmenl regarding a new un derslanding wilh the French com mittee of national liberation He said these discussions have been in progress for a month and arc still proceeding They are un derstood to involve the question whether Ihe allies will grant furth er recognition U Ihc committee as thetemporary responsible gov ernment for Ihc French homeland onceFrance i rcoccupicd To a question whether Great and the Uuilcd States were cracking down on neutral Tur key in an economic way Mr Konscvclt said he did not know He suggested the state department be asked about it lie said he know nothing more about the RussianFinnish situa tion than what he has seen in the newspapers and he declined com ment on a pending senate resolu tion regarding the status of Pales tine RAF Announces Bombs 5 N Weighing 6 Tons Are TEXAS BLAST Hitting Nazi Targets London Bombs weighing 12000 pounds are now crashing down on German targets with enormous destructive effects the air ministry disclosed Friday The largest previouslyannounced bomb used by the RAr was a 4 tonner This new giant RAF weapon ofjricd in the bellies of Lancaster destruction was invented by Brit bom ish scrcnlists for attacks on spe bombers which attacked a Gcr man aircraft factory at Albert in cial targets northern France Thursday night Its destructive effect on a big Night photographs showed the factory is already proved to bcj 12000 pounders hit the factory enormous1 the air ministry said fair and square the annotmce Yonr boy is nol re nuirctl to ctrry a lo anyone who owes him more than ment continued Thfi irews had been uivcn strict instructions to brins the d Series of Explosions Reported in Plant Tort Worth Texas se ries ol explosions tiiat swept through sections ot the Pan American Fireworks company on the outskirts of the city killed at least 5 persons Friday police said long as 3 hours after the original blast occasional explo sions still were occurring Stale highway patrolmen and soldiers from the Fort Worth army air field kept thousands ot spectators at least 1000 yards friim the scene A few of lhcse bombs brought down the greater part of the very large GnumcDhonc aero engine works at Limo2c on the night if bombs back if there was the Buy War Savings Ronds and Yen R slightest doubt about identifying Stamps from your GlnhcGaicttc I The gigantic missile was cari and hiting the target carrier hoy ;