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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 3, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES OES MOINCG I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UN ITED FULL LEASED WEES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 3 1943 7H1S PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 124 PLAN MEAT FATS RATIONING APRIL 1 Allies Menace Axis in Faid Pass Thrust Beyond Sbeitla Reveal Rommel Had Personally Commanded Men in Kassenne Pass Reds Report Italian Expeditionary Force Has Been Smashed By CARL C CRANMER Associated Press War Editor Marshal Semeon Timoshenkos new offensive finally has forced the Germans to withdraw from the tenaciously held hcclgeho fortress of Rzhev 130 miles northwest of Moscow the nazis acknowledged Wednesday Thc fall ot Rzhev was not claimed by the Russians who in fact did not so much as mention that front in either Wednesdays midday communique or the war bulletins of Tuesday The German hizh command however said thc fortress had been cleared of German forces according to plan This phraseology suggested that the Germans might be engaged in a farreaching retreat on the northern front similar to that carried out through tiie past three months in the south where they had withdrawn 400 miles from Stalingrad Rzhev was the advance strong point of the German line north west of Moscow in the famous Velikie LukiRzhevVyazma tri angle For months if was the atexx of an Lshaped salient partly surrounded by Russian forces on three sides who already had captured Velikie Luki 140 miles to the west and severed the railway communications with Vyazma 65 miles to the south Other Russian columns had cut deep into the triangle by laying siege to the town of Bcly The town had been reported on the vergof falling more than once as long as a year ago when the Russians drove to within sight of the buildings Monday night the Russians an nounced they had begun a power ful new offensive northwest of Moscow and had knocked a huge hole in thr German defense line by capturing Demyansk 110 miles northwest of Rzhev where the Germans had been fortified for 17 months The Russians thus appeared to have smashed two the strong est points which had hedged in and prevented development of a powerful thrust toward the Baltic states At Velikie Luki the Rus sian armies were only about 80 miles from the Latvian border Only plodding progress of the red army was recorded in the soviet midday communique which lold of the capture of several more towns west of Kharkov and Kursk in the south where the Russians aim at the Dnieper and another town southwest of Voro shilovgrad in the slow penetra tion o the Donets basin Rains mud and squally March weather were sloving operations on those fronts if if The Moscow radio however declared the Italian expedition ary army sent to Kassia had been smashed that nothing was left of the Hungarian army sent o the eastern front and that 300000 Finns and 500000 Ru manians had been sacrificed to Hitlers ambition f if The Russian claims respecting the Italians sceminyly were con firmed by German and Italian an nouncements that ten Italian di visions comprising thc Italian eighth army haci been recalled to Trcre was speculation that the i the norththc enemy at axis also wished a few battle vas made eilrly Tuesday It in the Italian of an infantry thrust three miles northeast of Medjcz tried veterans JUUDII homeland in event of an allied invasion The recall of Ihe Iroops fol lowed a visit of German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrbp to Mussolini last week 1101 in Wednesday reported that con ference had been preceded by an other meeting of Hitler and Mus solini a meeting which thus far had been kept secret by the Ger man and Italian KILLED BY OWN KANSAS CITY Nazis Admit Evacuating Fortress of Rzhev CLAIM RETREAT IN NORTH WAS MADEBY PLAN Demo Chiefs Launch Fourth Term Proposal But Get No Response From President Committee Calls on NORTHERN eitfitday offensive in the Demyansk section A has resulted in the capture of that and oOl other settlements as the Russians report rolling across 900 square miles of territory The reds were ad vancing west in the KharkovKursk sector Bj while southwest of Voroshilovgrad C a tank battle has been raging for two weeks German reports indicate another Kussian sea attack on Novorossisk By VIRGIL PIXKLEY United Tress Staff Correspondent ALLIED HEADQUARTERS NORTH AFRICA and British troops pushed south and southeast of Sbeitla Wednes day in thrusts that menaced the vital axis position at Faid pass The allied forces were pushing back across ground over which they had been driven in retreat at the start of Marshal Erwin Rom mels offensive in southcentral Tunisia Their victory over the axis at Kasserine pass became all the more gratifying Wednes day when they learned that Rom mel the desert fox had been in personal command of the Ger manItalian forces in that en gagement United Press Correspondent Pinl Ault reported from the front that Iommel personally had commanded the enemy at the batllo of the Kasserine pass and that had spent two dass at the home of a Frenchman four miles west of the lown of Kaascrinc In the north the first army turned back three small enemy attacks against Beja and Medjez el Bab Flying forces supporting ground troops with attacks on communication lines delivered a twowave attack against Tunis and La Goulcttc scoring hits on quays industrial areas and ware houses Three enemy planes were destroyed by the fortresses The royal air force made n ser ies of savage attacks Tuesday particularly along thc Matcur Bcja and BejaMcdjcz el Bat roads Bombers tighterbombers and fighters were active all day against troop columns and moior along a road miles northeast of Sed Jcname Thc enemy withdrew after four of his armored ears were knocked out CEILING PLAN IN PORK AND BEEF TO BE SET UP CommunityWide Top Prices to Be Listed to Split Black Marts WASHINGTON Price Ad ministrator Prentiss M Brown an nounced Wednesday u n i f o r in communitywide dollar and cents ceiling prices on pork and beef will be established shortly in an effort to break up blade markets in meat Browns disclosure was made to 11 senate agriculture subcom mittee which has heard packers complain that many independ ents arc being forced out of business by a squeeze between ceilinff prices on meat and ris ing uncontrolled prices of live hogs and cattle Black markets have been oper ating Brown said because under present ceilings meat retailers are permitted to charge the highest prices they received for various meats last March thus varying the ceiling price from store to store and making it possible for those charging higher prices to pay a premium lor black market pork and beef The new ceiling prices on pork should be out in a matter aoout four of dajV Brown testified with those on beef lo follow shortly There was no activity other that patrolling by the British eighth army to thc south hut there no longer was any doubt that Gen Sir Bernard i Mont gomery was massing for an at tack The new ceilings fixed for each community will be ac companied by an acceleration of a drive o convince the public that purchase of uninspected black market meat is danger ous Brown said If the projected procedure fails to make it possible for the packer lo operate at a normal margin of jnited Press Correspondent profit he asserted Im to Ned Russell with the eighth advocate ceilings on live hogs as a army reported that great motor I starter convoys were crowding the roads and cariying supplies up to the front while allied planes swept out ahead to protect the trans ports from the German air force In all five enemy fighters were destroyed Tuesday and a bomber was shot down on the night of March 12 Reports coifirmed the destruction of two other enemy planes not previously reported One allied plane was missin E Bab and was repulsed The second drive including six enemy tanks came down the road from IMateur about 12 miles northeast of Bcja Two of the tanks were D Aiussoiini last week ul otJ 01 me tanks were Dispatches from Stockholm oul the enemy with drew The third attack struck 2 FOUND DEAD IN PARKED GAR Monoxide Poisoning Believed Death Cause EUBUQUE Nor bert Bchr said an autopsy wouid be conducted Wednesday after noon to determine the cause of death of a couple lie identified as William Winikcr 26 and Huien Miller whose bodies were found in an automobile on n hichwjsv i just north of the city limits this morning The coroner said monoxide poisoning was believed to have caused the deaths but the autop sies would show definitely Bodies of the couple were covercd about 7 a m The motor of the car was still running when authorities arrived The coroner said they had bccn dead about an hour Mayor of Berlin Appeals for Help STOCKHOLM Berlin dispatches to Stockholm news papers said Wednesday Muni tions Minister Albert Speer and the mayor of Berlin had ap pealed to residents of he Ger man capital for a special mobi lization of ill forces to repair tiic damage caused by the KAF bombing Monday Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Much warmer Wednesday afternoon and Wed mis was not a p ncsday night lowest Wednesday meeting today he was a night in Mason City 15 no I dont think any politi change in temperature Thurs day forenoon strong winds IOWA Warmer Wednesday nigh I Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy and Thursday forenoon MINNESOTA Warmer Wednes day afternoon and early Wed nesday night becoming colder again northwest portion late Wednesday night and north and Central portions Thursday fore noon light snow Wednesday afternoon and again north por tion Wednesday night and entire stale Thursday forenoon winds becoming strong Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 3 Minimum Tuesday night 2 At 8 a m Wednesday o YEAR AGO Maximum JQ Minimum on Roosevelt to Talk Over Party Problems WASHINGTON Pi So m e democratic national committee members broached thc idea of a fourth term for President Roose velt at a white house meeting Wednesday but C h a i r m a n F r a n Ic C Walker said it was not a scri o u s presenta tion a n d also that it got no response from the president A committee consisting o officials a n d members of the national com mittee called on thc presi ROOSEVELT dent and Walker said two or three of them spoke of a fourth term Walker said he did not know tvhether the president had heard thc remarks about another term and if he did had smiled them off Walker said it was not a serious presentation of the issue He added however that thc delegation which saw the chief executive in a meeting of its own Tuesday had heard Ihc fourth term matter raised by several of those present He said he would leave it to reporters to interpret was the consensus that Mr Roosevelt should seek another four years in office if the wir continued Walker said no one had raised any objections to another term There was no concerted effort at all to line up a fourth term Walker added since thc party chieftains all had agreed that it was too early to discuss it seri ous RAISED FOR RED CROSS INCERROGORDO Sections Outside of Mason City Boost Second Report Figure Reports from sections outside of Mason City brought the total raised in Die Ccrro Gordo county Red Cross war fund Tuesday to Completed reports from two townships and an incomplete re report from the town ot Thorn Your Gift Will Make This a Cross Gandhi Ends Fast Takes Orange Juice POONA India bespectacled Mohandas K Gandhi spiritual leader of lens of millions f Indian nationalists drank a of orange juice diluted with vater at 9 a in Wednesday end ins his 21 day 40000 Thc second report making a total of S183S1U8 filled out one wins and most of another in the Red Cross insignia shown above It will take the quota set for the county campaign to fill out ail four wings of the cross ton brought the additional S2154 to make Tuesdays new total Portland township with a quota of showed up with a final report of S6B725 and Grant lown t ship which had been given a S725 tiuota came through with S92350 The town of Thornton reported 4111 tuwll VI LUUUUUbl 1U Ihe national chairman who incomplete returns of protest impris also is postmaster general in thc cabinet declined lo express a per sonal view on the issue Representing every section of the country the group w h i c h called on Mr Roosevelt today was assembled as the result of a reso lution adopted at the last meeting of the democratic national com mittee in Chicago several weeks ago The committee proposed that thc body be set up one official explained to talk with the chair man and the president about gen eral party problems Walker said thc audience with Mr Roosevelt was a very friendly meeting Whilesome democrats have exhibited marked annoyance with the number of republicans wlio have received positions with the administration Walker said patronage was not dis cussed Wednesday uith air Roosevelt Al Tuesdays meet ing however he added there was stimc discussion with him of the question of lack of con sideration of democrats Then this was not a political asked discussed to be very honest with Walker answered There was no discussion of democratic matters that I Asked whether Mr Roosevelt talked about thc future of the quota of S500 Reports from the canvass in the residential sections of Mason City in stores and other business places in factories and wholesale estab lishments indicated that thc war fund drive for a goal of 840000 is meeting with fine response lainst onmcnt A government Liulleiin said tile 73 yea r old Gandhi showed signs of strain and was weak but cheerful The fast out wardly at least was a failure for it didnt b ring Gandhi either of the two things he sought i s freedom and vindication from be British charge that he was an instigator of last summers bloody quit India riots The glass of orange juice was handed to Gandhi by his wilc Kaslurbai as he lay propped up in bed in a bare room on an upper floor of the Aga Khans richly ap pointed palace Gandhi closed his eyes In medi tation while his wife anc others interned with him recited prayers Then he raised Ihe glass to his lips and slowly sipped it Thus ended the fast he began Feb 10 as an appeal lo lhc highest tribunal for the justice which I have failed to receive from the British government It was his 17th fast since More than half of them resulted from disputes with thc British and with virtually every one he won some concession The Indian government this time however issued a communi que simultaneously with thc breaking of the fast that the orig innl arrangements for Gandhis detention and that of other na tionalists with him had bccn re This meant that Gandhi no longer would be permitted thc free flow of visitors that had come to his bedside during the fast Gandhis survival surprised his doctors xvlni on the llth clay had predicted that he would die soon unless he took food Gandhi rallied soon afterward and end ed thc fast stronger than he was during its second week Knox Navy Should Prepare for 10 Per Cent Casualty Rate WASHINGTON grim warning to expect a 10 LONDON in percent casualty rate in navy personnel was laid before con westcr were attacked gross and the nation Wednesday as Secretary of tile Navy Knox night by he RAF closed an operating force TO PUT CHEESE AND BUTTER ON LIMITED SALES Sales Freeze Before Start of Program Is Not Contemplated WASHINGTON tip Meats choose butter cooking fats and oils will be rationed beginning April 1 il was reported Wednes day under current plans of food and rationing agencies The sources for this informa tion who withheld use of their names said the red coupons of the No 2 ration book would be used and that meat rations probably would run about Hounds a person a week Trice Administrator Prentiss Brown told reporters that plans lo start rationing ot meats cheese and oilier commodities would be discussed at a press conference later in tiie day As disclosed some weeks ago cheese will be rationed together with meat because of its useful ness as a meal substitute while butler margarine and cooking fats and oils will be grouped for ra tioning because of their inter changeability Administrator Wickard however has not yet transmitted to OPA the authorization neces sary before cheese butter and fats aud oils can take their place in the Cood rationing program It was stated that the govern ment did not contemplate any period of sales freeze prelimi nary to rationingthe new food stuffs on a point basis similar to that begun this week for canned dried and frozen fruits and vcuctables Butter and other fats will be assigned point values in propor tion to tiieir scarcity that is the same number of points would purchase a small quantity of but ter a larger quantity of marga rine or an even larger quantity of peanut oil or other of the more plentiful cooking fats At offices of the food adminis tration it was noted that the ini tial meat ration would depend largely on results of checks being made by the agriculture depart ment to determine just how much meat has been diverted into black market channels The next step on meat is ex pected to be an agriculture de partment announcement Friday of a system of licensing all meat slaughterers Officials hope lo bq able to curb illegal slaughtering by such a system under which stiff penalties would be imposed No Letup in RAF Assaults on Germany Fiery Plane Crashes HoHum Pilot Has Tea LOUISVILLE Kv n nj A Opts was run over and killed Wednesday by the car he driving His machine and driven by Andrew Stewart lidcd police reported Dots was one col was thrown out and his car swung around and ran over him LOUISVILLE Ky flam ing army plane streaked a few feet above Elfin avenue two miles west of Bowman field Wednesday ciujiuimccci la clipped a few tree tops ploughed and gel my cap 1 flyer climed out of what was left of the wreckage strolled to the home of Mrs Josephine Hamricfc drank a cup of tea and calmly announced Id better go back I know was thc flyers only reply Without lime to circle am land or the field he picked thc vacant party Walker replied he had dis cussed what is being done thc conduct of thc war and seemed optimistic There was no talk he said re plying to still another question about the potcntialilics and impli cations of the last election Speaker of Commons Dies Unprecedented Problem Is Faced LONDON Edward A Fitzroy 72 speaker of the house of commons for almost 15 years died Wednesday and as a result the British government faced an unprecedented problem in provid ing a successor Fitzroy was the first speaker to die in office and there is no pro vision for a selecting a new speaker H was understood that commons will have lo pass a special bill providing for filling the speaker o iiw UKC wtK piougiica anc gel my can j t jroviumg ior lining uie speaker vacant lot at 130 miles an The cninc of lio maiorJ Wllhl11 50 fecl ot shiP This brought up the parlia ICl WrCCkcri itsrlf ivi a I r i UVO llOUSrs nnrt i mpntnrv nrnhlnm tint hour and wrecked itself in a cloud of steam Maj Joseph R Delaunc 31 Beaumont Tex veteran army gavo hcv a ship caught fire as he took off from thc field The control tower warned him by radio youre Bowman field officers could give no reason or thc fire crash 1 mentary problem that the house cannot legally sit without a speaker Existing procedure docs not allow for a deputy if the speaker dies calling for a navy big enough to dominate all seas over the world The solemn navy estimate that it would lose and have to replace one man out of each or as Knox and ranking naval of ficials unfolded their prosram for building up personnel strength lo 2250000 by Juiy estimation asked Chairman Shcppird Thc navy secretary paraphrased the words of John Paul Jones one of Ameri cas most famous sea fighters in his reply Well said Knox it is hard to answer that question because we have just begun to right Rear Admiral Jacobs Knoxs outline of thc navys i chief f lhc ivs bureau of pcr operalins force plan and his date figures on potential costs of the lcss than 10 of thc total 1 llfiVV llTS llrfM lmrilfm1 itl HM sea warfare were made public by the house subcommittee on naval appropriations as it completed work on a new St00n000000 supplemental naval spending bill Jft K Sfi As it emerged from thc sub committee the measure carried 33816206583 in direct appropria reduction of 5187793417 from thc budget estimates and contract authorizations amount ing to S239740q0 The subcommittee pared thc navys estimate of 3147240000 for clothing an estimated person nel strength of 2500000 clown lo an even any ni navy has been involved fight f Thc new fisurcs were hroight to lichl when Shcppard study ing the estimate of the navys fi nancial needs discovered an item lo provide clothes for 2 250000 persons and demanded to know what warrant there is for that number We are building said Knox not a twoocean navy but n navy big enough to dominate all seas over the world The estimates are the air ministry announced Wednesday acknowledging that three allied aircraft were missing after tiic seventh successive night of raids on continental targets Tiie ministry did not identify Tuesday nights targets U said also that mines were laid in enemy waters The Berlin radio announced that British air raiders were over west ern Germany Tuesday night and the Germancontrolled Paris radio told of attacks on occupied France Reuters reports from Stockholm meanwhile declared that great fires still were raging Tuesday night in the German capital as a result of thc worst pounding it has received from thc RAF since the start of tiic war Germ a n broadcasts Tuesday night haul that mi persons had been killed and 2C8 injured in the raid on Berlin v v 4jw 1 t 5100000000 advising predicalcd upon the needs as thc ships come in and as they come in they greatly increase thc size of the shore installations to handle such a fleet Jacobs provided a breakdown on the personnel to be stationed ashore and at at sea including aircraft in training for sea aviation and advance base duty 2022398 the total shore establishment thai is operating force 477G02 congress that While no ceiling has been im posed by law upon naval enlisted strength built up through the re serve an expansion of such mag nitude xxx should be the sub ject of careful scrutiny and recom mendations to the house by the naval affairs committee Members of the subcommittee were shown by thc record to have pressed Knox quickly lor an explanation of Ihc casually estimate They drew from him testimony that on Feb 8 Ihc to tal casualties in navy officers and men had been only 19022 Does that not indicate an ovcr h had 3205 ships in commission on ar Report Ribbentrop Appealed to Pope LONDON reel ing under a terrific allied prc mvasion aerial offensive was re ported Wednesday to have asked Pope Pius XII to attempt to in duce Britain and the United Stales to stop bombing axis citiea The report came from Switzerland Blithely ignoring that Germany introduced thc tcchnic of large scale bombing of cities with her assault on Warsaw in thc early days of the war and then blasted British cities with everything she had f orcign Minister Joachim a Zurich the Vatic u mi a view lo a tm his year to approximately 4100 tacks on open cities ;