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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 3, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COWP DEPARTMENT OF ij r o Y AND A H t v e LtS M01NE l A VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY mAovjiN oiri iu yyA TUESDAY MARCH 31942 COASTS OF Tvo ONE NO 122 SUB SINKS U S DESTROYER OFF N J ONLY 11 FROM CREW SURVIVE SUDDENATTACK Two Torpedoes Hit Jacob Jones 9th U S Naval Ship Lost in War WASHINGTON navy announced Tuesday that the de stroyer Jacob Jones was sunk by an enemy submarine off Cape May N J before dawn on Feb 28 and that only 11 men of the destroyers crew survived The number of those lost in cluding the commanding officer lieutenant Commander H D Black of Oradell N J was not given but was far more than 10D since the normal war time com plement of the old destroyer was around 145 officers and men Two torpedoes hit the Jacob Jones The first one blew up the bow and apparently killedall per sonnel on the bridge as well as men sleeping in the forward liv ing quarters oC the ship The sec ond torpedo blew up the stern and all the depth charges The 11 survivors consisted of nine enlisted men from the engine room and two apprentice seamen Of the 11 only one man was outside the amidships section when the stern was blown up That one was in the after engine room In its communique reporting the sinking the navy said that neither the enemy submarine nor the torpedo was sighted prior to the first hit After the first hit blew up the destroyers bow the submarine circled ahead of her and fired the torpedo which caused the terrible explosion the depth charges in the stern The Jacob Jones was the nintl naval ship lost so far in the war including the Reuben James which was torpedoed last fait prior to formal U s declaration of war The others of the previous eight were three combatant ships a mine layer and a target ship lost at Pearl Harbor the tanker Natchez torpedoed in unidentified waters and the coast guard cutter Alexander Hamilton torpedoed off Iceland Loss of the Alexander Hamil ton with moderate casualties was announced Feb 23 The fol lowing day the loss of the de stroyer Truxton and the store ship Pollux in a storm off New foundland with a total loss of 189 officers and men was re ported by the navy The Truxtun the Reuben Jamei and now the Jacob Jones were all of the old World war fourstacker type of destroyer The Jacob Jones was launched Nov 11 1918 a 1 200ton vessel armed with four inch guns and capable of a speed of 35 knots She was equipped also with 12 torpedo tubes The vessel was the second of that name to be lost in action with the enemy The first was the Jacob Jones of World war days which went down with 51 men Dec 6 1917 while enroute from Brest to Queenstown Ireland Both ships were named lor a hero of the war war with the of 1812 and the Barbary pirates Lieutenant Commander Black took command of the Jacob Jones April 14 1941 He was 38 years old A native of New Jersey he entered the naval academy from that state in 1922 and was grad uated in 1926 subsequently serv ing with various surface cratt of the scouting fleet battle fleet and Asiatic fleet His first command was a mine sweeper the Lark which was at tached to the minecraft Battle Force based at Pearl Harbor Ha waii He captained that vessel from 1935 to January 1938 Subsequently he was on duly in the bureau of navigation here from March to June 1938 when he reported at Harvard university for service with the naval ROTC unit In 1940 Lieutenant Commander Black was executive officer ot the U S S Benson and cruised to French and Dutch Guiana and made an inspection ashore of the famous prison of Devils Island The following year while he was still attached to the Benson ship acted as an escort de his stroyer to the U S S Potomac curing a presidential cruise in the Atlantic Morgenthau Offers Severe New Tax Program Says Its Cheaper to Win Than Lose WASHINGTON 000000 war tax program to be felt in every American home was laid before congress and the na tion Tuesday by Secretary Mor genthau The new taxes will be severe and their impact will be felt in every Ameri can home the treasury chief told the house ways and means commit tee War is never cheap but it is a million times cheaper to win than to lose The addition al taxes which MORGENTHAU he would by themselves be greater than ever collected by the federal govern ment in a single year prior to ISJil As a downpayment on victory Morgenthau asked doubling of most peoples individual income tax with rates so stiff that a single man with a salary would pay taxand if he made 51 000000 would only be allowed to keep about Part of the tax probably would be deducted from paychecks He also recommended higher axes on corporations plugging of socalled loopholes new and higher excise taxes on 15 items such as soda pop and cigarets sfiffer estate and gift taxes Plus In additional social security taxes to be spe cified later Together with existing federal taxes the secretary said this pro gram would fulfill President Roosevelts budget request 3270000000m of taxes in for the increase 57610000 coming fiscal year beginning July Morgenthau in laying the pro gram before the ways and means committee summed up his pro posals except for social security this way From increased individual in come taxes From increased corporation taxes From increased estate gift taxes New and increased excise taxes Sl340000000 From plugging loopholes 5680 Apparent Less conflicting taxes 000 000000 Net total 000 He explained that the 000000 deduction was necessary in his estimates because in many cases an increase in one tax may reduce the revenue from another tax For instance the more taxes paid by corporations the less dividends will be received by in dividuals cutting individual tax estimates Morgenthau said the money was needed not only to pay for war materials but also to check inflation and we should there fore tax so as to withdraw the greatest possible volume of pur chasing power at this time when money incomes are high and the quantity of goods for civilian use is shrinking day by day because of the demands of our war ef fort He reiterated his opposition to general sales taxes and declared that the new program should be fair and nondiscriminatory and imposed in accordance with abil ity to pay The cost of this war will have to be borne by everyone he as serted It will be borne willingly and cheerfully if the principle of ability to pay is followed Most of his recommendations merely increased tax rates with out disturbing the ordinary meth ods of computing laxes For in stance the secretary specifically asked retention of the present S750 income tax exemption for single persons persons and SJ500 for married with additional credits for dependents However he did ask removal of the 10 per cent earned income credit and renewing a proposal beaten by congress last year urged that married couples be re quired to file joint returns Under his plan tlie first dollar1 of a persons taxable income would be taxed at the rate of 16 per cent instead of the present maximum of 6 per cent Tax rates would increase rapidly un til a maximum rate of 90 per cent would apply to income in excess of 55000000 The present maximum is 81 per cent Overall the increase in income taxes would average 60 per cent but the increase is more than 100 per cent in the lower brackets where the vast majority of people are affected Major changes also were pro posed by Morgenthau in the case of corporation taxes as follows 1 Corporation normal income at 15 to 19 per cent for corporations making up to a year 24 per cent for bigger corporations 2 Corporation surtax of 6 to 7pev cent to be abol ished but be replaced by a spe cial war surtax of 16 per cent on corporations earning less than and between 11 and 31 pel cent on bigger corporations 3 Excess of computation heretofore a major issue unchanged but range of tax rates increased from present 35 to 60 per cent to a scale of 50 to 75 per cent 4 Repeal existing declared value excess profits and capital stock taxes Fifteen items were marked by Morgenthau for new or heavier excise taxes They include new taxes oE one cent a bottle on soft drinks Candy and chewing gum would be taxed 15 per cent on the manufacturers sales prices The gasoline tax of a gallon would be doubled to 3 cents Other increases would affect pho tographic apparatus pipe line transportation telephone and tele graph service oil beer wines distilled spirits transportation of person cigars smoking tobacco cigarets and cigaret papers Morgenthaus loophole plug ging suggestions claimed that additional annual revenue should be obtained from subjecting income from both ex isting and future issues of state and municipal securities 1o the income tax from re quiring joint returns of married couples from elimi nating or altering depletion allow ances granted oil gas and mineral concerns and from other unspecified proposals Joint returns for married cou ples were opposed last year prin cipally by congressmen from the nine states which have commun ity property laws which permit husbands and wives to split up their income for tax and other legal purposes In the case of large incomes the tax is much cheaper if paid by two people in this manner than if paid by one Morgenthau suggested however that in cases where both husbands and wives worked that some special earned income credit be given The secrefarys plan also would boost estate and gift faxes about 60 per cent both by increasing he range of taxes from the present 3to77 per cent estate tax scale to an 8to 80 per cent scheme and by changing the exemptions The exemption would be made a flat 560000 instead of a maximum of on insurance plus on other estate assets Gift tax rates which are three fourths of the estate lax rates in similnr brackets would rise cor respondingly but the permanent exemption of would be cut to 530000 and the annual exemp tion ot 54000 per individual girt would be changed to an annual exemption of total of all gifts Morgenthau reiterated requests for economy in nonriefense costs of the federal state and local gov ernments Java Defenders Push Counter Drive as Allied Bombers Attack Jap Ships T j I NAZIS SAY REDS ARE ATTACKING ON HUGE SCALE May Be Over Stressing Situation With Some Political View in Mind By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Massed Russian attacks on a scale not hitherto reached in the war were reported by a German military spokesman Tuesday while Adolf Hitlers field head quarters acknowledged that the red armies were unleashing powerful new assaults along the entire 1200mile front Fresh details were lacking on the battle of Saraya Russa 120 miles south of Leningrad where survivors of the German IGth army estimated at more than 90 000 troops were reported caught in a gigantic Russian encircle ment The nazi high command cited strong attacks on the Crimean and Ukraine Donets riverl fronts and numerous enemy attacks in other sectors of the long battle line The high command said the attacks were either frustrated or repulsed after bitter fiehting NAZIS SAY REDS ATTACK IN BIG WAVES A Berlin military Spokesman said the Russians were marshal ling prodigious forces all along the front and attacking at times in 40 or 50 waves regardless oJ casualties These statements were re layed to Switzerland and Swe den in apparent contradiction to the axis policy of minimiz ing rough going A Berlin dis patch of the Zurich newspaper Die Tat slated that Russia ob viously was starling a fantastic effort to bring about a deci sion A Dispatch from Moscow said that streams of Russian soldiers marched through the capital on their way to join the front line campaigners This would indicate a basis for German declarations that nazi aerial scouts had seen great col umns of fresh soviet soldiers mov ing up that many 52 ton tanks and long range guns were assault ing German positions in the Donets basin and the Crimea Berlin however may be overemphasizing the situation to cover fresh German activity or to convince London and Washington that Russia does not actually need the opening of the second front which her leaders have sought A military authority in Lisbon expressed belief that the Germans must withdraw back of such great rivers as the Dnieper and the Dvina before the spring than starts or risk being crushed for lack of supplies and reinforce ments which would be halted by floods Nazis to Shoot 20 for Death of Paris Sentry VICHY Unoccupied France if military authorities an nounced in Paris Tuesday that 20 hostages would be shot in reprisal for the killing of a nazi sentry Sun day The German account said four youths attacked a Paris sentry post Sunday morning and one of them killed a soldier with a pistol shot Another placed a bomb which was discovered before it exploded All escaped Buy your defense savings stamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office Island Near Puerto Rico Is Shelled SAN JUAN Puerto Rico An enemy ship shelled Mona is land off Puerto Ricos westermost extremity Monday night Gover nor Rexford Guy Tugwells of fice announced Tuesday It was the first shelling of United States territory on the Atlantic side since the war started Presumably a s u b m a rine shelled the island almost half way between Puerto Rico and the Dominican republic A national youth administration camp is on the 20milesquare island 50 miles west of Mayaguez Remberlo C a s s a b a assistant head oi the camp reported the attack but said no damage or casualties resulted The shells landed fur up oi the rocky cliffs of the island Cassabas radiogram addressed to Sam P Gilstray director of the NYA said the boys of the youth camp behaved very well during the attack We want protection at once the telegram added Forestry officials confirmed the attack Naval authorities scouted the theory that the shells might have come from firing practice in the vicinity San Juan residents were in clined to view the raid as purely a nuisance attack since the island is primarily a tourist and resort and has only the slightest military importance U S BRAZIL SIGN 3 PACTS Agreements to Increase Brazilian Output of Vital War Materials WASHINGTON r a z i 1 and the United States Tuesday signed three important agree ments designed to increase Bra zilian production of strategic war materials and give the big South American republic greater de fense against potential axis at tacks The agreements provide for 1 Formation of an Amazon basin development company that will increase production of prod ucts principally rubber in the vast region 2 Additional lendlcasc aid to Brazil to strengthen its navy and army 3 Earmarking for completion of the Vicloriminas railroad which taps one of the richest iron ore deposits in the world The first two agreements were signed by Acting Secretary of State Sumncr Welles Brazilian Ambassador Carlos Martins and Brazilian Finance Minister Ar thur Desourza Costa who has been in Washington for the past month negotiating with govern ment officials The third was signed at the reconstruction finance headquar ters by Secretary of Commerce Jesse Jones Warren Lee Pierson president of the export import bank Will Clayton deputy federal loan administrator and the Bra zilian finance minister Nazi Plane Crashes in Ireland Crew Dies DUBLIN official an nouncement reported that a Ger man plane crashed near Schull in County Cork Tuesday The entire crew was killed Command of the defense of Java reverted to General Heiii ter Poorlen Dutch commander in chief above with the an nouncement that General Arch ibald Wavell had been dis patched back to India BRITISH HOLD SITTANG LINE Brace for Impact of All Out Jap Assault Expected at Any Hour MANDALAY Burma perial forces still held their last ditch barrier al the Sittang river in lower Burma Tuesday braced for the impact at allout Japa nese assault that may come at any hour Patrol fights were already un der way while allied airmen were using the breathing spell to smash repeatedly with bombs and ma chine guns at enemy positions A Rangoon communique broad cast heard in Calcutta and Chung king said Royal Air Force bomb ers had bombed a town in the enemys forward positions and left it burning American airmen returning to southwest China from Rangoon asserted the whole Burma situa tion is an awful mess and that the main resistance to the Japs is the American volunteer group Travelers from lower Burma reaching here denied that whole sale destruction of nonmilitary installations had been carried out by the British in Rangoon de claring the city was quiet under marlial law Reports persisted that the RangoonloMandalay railroad had been cut by the Japanese north of Pegu The Japanese were believed still massing reinforcements at the Sit tang but had already delayed a fullscale offensive to shatter and possibly encircle the British de fenders much longer than had been expected The Sittang line now edeiided 70 or possibly more miles north of the river mould Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Not much change in tem perature Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday except slightly warmer in west and north cen tral portions Tuesday night MINNESOTA Warmer Tuesday afternoon and in south and east portions Tuesday night some light rain or snounorth portion beginning late Tues day afternoon or early Tuesday night MASON CITY Warmer Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night All temperatures above freezing IN MASOiN CITY lobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 40 Minimum Monday 20 At 8 a m Tuesday 32 YEAR AGO Maximum 37 Minimum 23 Precipitation 44 Dutch Report Situation Is Well in Hand BANDOENG Java Wednesday Dutch and other allied ground forces early Wednes day were pressing home a counter offensive against the Japanese in vaders of Java while the united nations air and naval units sought to cut off the enemys sea lanes o retreat and possible reinforcement Dutch bombers struck some of their heaviest blows at the fleet which put ashore troops near Rcmbang in northeastern Java Ancta News Agency reported on good authority that only five ships remained of the 12 which originally had made up this con centration Shortly before midnight an au thorized spokesman told Aneta It can be slated wilhout reser vation hat the situation remains well in hand on all fronts Enemy air raiders meanwhile smashed at this headquarters city of the Dutch command in a heavy attack Tuesday Most of the bombs fell in the vi cuuty of the airdrome nnd the Japanese evidently were trying to immobilize one by one the places from which spring the united na tions air offensives against their invasion The raiders came over in fighter escorted relays ot bombers for one and a half hours Tuesday morn ing holding their formations de spite heavy antiaircraft fire and the fearless attacks of enormous ly outnumbered united nations lighter planes Although 42 enemy bombers and 18 protecting fighters were overhead at once officals said military damage was slighl Abandoned homes near the air field ucre destroyed and during bombing lulls the enemy fight ers dived to machinegun the s reels Although word had been cur rent thai n huge new invasion ar mada bearing heavy reinforce ments toward the islands shores was being battered by relays of American fortress bombers the Aneta news agency said that to 7 p m nothing whatever support such The that a been sunk off the Java Toast and that allied bombers had scored direct hits on two enemy trans ports of 10000 and 8000 tons but made no reference to any new approach of an enemy fleet The new blows boosted the en emys toll off Java to 30 war ships and transports sunk or dam aged A Reuters report In London from Bandoeng said the Dutch had put their defense plans into full force and that the fighting was on a major scale The communique which ended more ihan 24 hours of suspense over the course of the ferocious struggles at three Japanese beach heads on Java said emphatically In none of the three regions of Java where the enemy landed troops during he night of Satur day to Sunday has the enemy suc ceeded in advancing since the in filtration which was carried out in the course of Sunday up m CWT was known to reports communique announced large Japanese tanker had our troop At various points who are showing a splendid of fensive spirit art in close con tact with the enemy 2 lowans Killed as Auto Is Hit by Train KEOSAUQUA Cau ill 45 and Charles Lazenby 40 aoth of Kcosauqua were Icilied about n m Tuesday when n gaselectric train struck their auto at a highway crossing between Donnellson and Fort Madison PUSH JAPANESE BACK 7 MILES IN ONE SECTOR New Type of Fire Bomb or Flame Thrower Used by Nipponese Forces By W H aicDOUGALL AT JAVA FIGHTING FRONT Via Telephone and allied armed forces fighting in tropical heat and torrential rain storms rammed Japanese invad ers back seven miles on one sec tor Tuesday in a fierce battle for Java The Japanese who were re L uitrtaicu mxcUO C dictcd lo evening WASHINGTON war production board Tuesday became style arbiter for the nation with a decree permitting only cuffles plea tl ess and frillless victory suits to be manufactured for men and boys from March 30 on Ruled out entirely were two pants suits vests for double breasted suits full dress coats Ihc cutaway coat and double rcastcd tuxedo coal Those ad wcar must be Overcoats too came under the order which is expected to save 40 to 50 million pounds of wool for the armed forces They will be shorter and less full than present topcoats or overcoats and will have no belts cuffs on sleeves outside patch pockets or fancy backs To the casual observer the only noticeable change in mens suits will be the absence of trouser cufls WPB said The board feared an abrupt style change would start a buying rush for victory suits which would defeat the conservation aims of the order Suit coat lengths will be three fourths of an inch shorter than the average now worn and top coats and overcoats will be two to four inches con tinues the style trend already un der way WPB added Merchant tailors and lailors tothetrade will not become subject to the order until May 30 because most of them have sub stantial stocks of cut goods on hand Suits for Men The complete list of suit regula tions 1 No vests for double breasted suits permitted with singlebreasted suits but may not have patch pockets collar or lapels 2 Mens coat length limited to inches for size 37 and other sizes in proportion boys coats inches for size 14 3 No patch pockets or bells of wool 4 No fancy back vents belts pleats tucks bel lows gussets and yokes 5 Knee width of trousers rc triclcd to 22 inches and bottom width to 18J4 inches for a 32 inch waist These widths are normal 6 Inseam measurement of trousers lee measurement re stricted to 35 inches for a size 32inch waist keeping normal Icnslh but eliminating cuffs 7 No pleated tucked or con tinuous overlapping waist bands Singlebreasled overcoats may be 4312 inches long and 56 inches wide at the bottom for a size 37 regular with other sizes varying proportionately Boys overcoats may be 37Vi inches long and 48 inches wide for a size 14 Double breasted mens overcoats may be one inch longer and six inches wider while boys doublcbrcasled overcoats arc the same length as singlcbrcastcd but five inches wider ported unofficially to be using type of fire bomb or perhaps flame throwers were halted on all three invasion fronts 12 enemy planes were shot down and three ships bombed according to day evenings war communique But on a trip lo one of the mam fiehting fronts I discov ered that there ivas erave con cern over lack of definite news rcffardinir the vital central Java front and that operations were so fluid in some areas that ac curate estimates of the trend at battle were impossible On the central Java front the Japanese have been trying to drive through to the Indian ocean thus cutting Java in two An authoritative summary of the fighting fronts Tuesday night gave this picture 1 The allied operations con tinue satisfactory and the Dutch are still confident that they can hold Java especially if reinforce ments can reach them The Dutch are carrying out a scorched earth program in enemy occupied or threatened sectors 2 The Japanese apparently crossing the 17 mile wide strait from Sumatra have occupied a narrow slrip of northwestern Java but arc meeting strong re sistance and have been unable to extend their infiltration in he Serang area This is flat coun try crossed by many rivers 3 Northeast of Bandoeng fighting continues and the Dutch troops seem to be advancing slowly driving back the Japa nese who have been unable to improve their position since tak ing Soebang Enemy snipers and infiltration groups are being rounded up 4 The Dutch air force continues to bomb Japanese positions and one air base which the enemv seized location undisclosed was heavily damaged by an allied sur prise raid There are no rcporjs of new enemy landings and there is no news from the Rcmbang sector where the Japanese presumably are attempting to isolate Socra bsja naval base There is no question that the Dutch and the comparatively smalt allied forces aiding them are fighting magnificently using tanks armored cars light artillery and truckborne native infantry trained in jungle fighting Regardless of the odds there was no lack of courage and determina tion to be found among the allied farces when front McDougilI said lhat the censor did not permit him to mention American forces in his telephoned iispatch but a report lo the Lon don Star told of Americans par iicipiting with Dutch and British troops in a moonlight raid thst wiped out a Japanese jimgie force after bitter fighting not far from Batavia Radio Tokio claimed that Japanese troops were within sight of Batavia I know that the enemy was pushed back as much as seven miics in the sector that I visited although the aclion has not yet been officially announced Dulch and Indonesian troops fighting with swords as well as tanks pushed along a road leading lo a plantation center that was in Japanese hands on Monday I followed troops through a torrential rain storm We ad vanced seven miles through an area where on Monday the Japa nese were sniping from every bush They were not there Tues day Dutch soldiers told reporters that Uic Japanese used tommy guns with considerable accuracy and that they carried grenades and iomc type of lire bomb as I toured the fighting ;