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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 2, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF H I STORY OES MO I r COMP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION imrn VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA THUKSDAY MAKCH 3 This Paper Consists ol Tuo NO iw 600 RAF Bombers Lash Stuttgart Only 4 Lost LARGE YANKEE FORCE BLASTS S WGERMANY 100 Nazi Bombers Hit England in Retaliation Killing Several Persons London S flying for tresses and liberators in strong force smashed at southwest Ger many Thursday hard on the heels of a 600 bomber assault by the RAF Wednesday night upon the important war center of Stutt gart The American target was not announced immediately but the direction of the attack suggested a U SRAF double nightand day punch at the Stuttgart sec tion like the ones highlighting last weeks powerful aerial drive More than 600 RAF and RCAF bombers participated in Wednes day nights operations with a rec Reds Closing In on 3 Key German Bases London army forces are closing in relentlessly on the 3 great German strongholds of Narva Pskov and Vitebsk key defense bases on the 350mile ong northern front Moscow de lared Thursday n Estonia units of Gen Leonid Govorovs Leningrad army hrew a bridgehead across the Varovii river south of Narva cut he only German escape railway eailing westward to Reval ami are threatening the cily from all 4 ides a Russian communique an nounced One hundred and 10 miles to he south another Russian smashed closer to the Baltic gate way city of Pskov capturing sev JAP CARRIER IS BELIEVED SUNK BY BRITISH SUB Attack on Nipponese Cruiser Near Malacca Straits Also Revealed Nomination of Graven Given F R WashingIon nomiiui ion of Henry N Graven of Mason City for federal judge of the Northern Iowa district has been sent lo tlic white house by the justice department and probably will reach the senate Friday it was learned on excellent authority Thursday Graven a SO year old suite dis trict judge has been recom mended by Senator Gillette D lown for the post Icjft vacant by the resignation of Judge George C Scott ot Sioux City Cravens appointment was rec Air Fleets Lash Germans on Anzio Beachhead Yankees Regain Ground eral heavily fortified strongpoints levering the approaches to the town the Moscow bulletin said More than 70 towns incuding Xcvaditsy 10 miles to the south east fell to the soviet troops who cut the railway leading south from Pskov to Polotsk at Russaki ord low proportional loss of onl 1 planes Mosquito bombers staged a diversionary raid on the shrine city of Munich and othci formations struck targets in France and the low countries London newspapers estimatcc 1680 to 1900 tons of bombs were dumped on Stuttgart Wednesday night The allied daylight formation headed out toward Europe a dawrn with marauders of the L S 9th air force bombing mili tary objectives in 11 o r t h c r i France perhaps on the nazis rocket More allied medium bomber flew over the strait Thursday afternoon German raiders about 100 stroiis retaliated against Britain by night killing several persons arid causing damage at widely separated places Five were knocked down Many houses were smashed oil the southeast coast but only a few bombers ncne trated to London Loss of 4 RAF bombers was testimony to the effectiveness of the quickened pace of the war against nazi air defenses and ot the British feinting tactics Bad weather at ground level on the continent also was a factor kccp ing many fighters grounded The assault on Stuttgart trans portation junction on the route to Italy and center of the Daimler Benz engine and Bosch ignition works was the 15th major blow against nazi war facilities in 12 days Field Marshal Hermann Goer ing in an order of the day on the 9th anniversary of the German ail force declared you have again excelled yourselves both in attack and in defense doing your duty He praised the magnificent bear ing of the German people in the broadcast recorded by the U S foreign broadcast intelligence service 55 miles below iPskov the bulletin added Other red army forces pre viously had been reported less than 6 miles from Pskov on the north Tvo hundred miles southeast of Pskov Gen Ivan C Bagramians first Baltic army was inarching on the White Russian base of Vi tebsk The Russians said they had captured more than 30 towns and villages in a converging move ment which drew a noose tighter around the key Germanheld fort ress city Vitebsk has been under siege by Bagramians army since late last year when all rail lines into the city except one running to Orsha 0 miles to the south were cut Acknowledges the increased cmpo of the Russian attacks erlin broadcasts advanced the uggestion that the red army was ment Later some Willkie Stassen and F R Names Entered m Nebraska Primary Lincoln h r c e n a m c prominently mentioned in tin years presidential dent Roosevelt on the democrat ticket and Wendell Willkie an Harold Stassen on the republica been entered in In Nebraska presidential pretcrcntia primary Aprjl 11 The deadline for filing was 5 p m Thursday and there appeare little likelihood any other cand date for president would be file in the state for the primary President Roosevelts name wa filed late Wednesday a few hours after supporters of Willkie who was Roosevelts opponent in the 1940 race had submitted petitions for their candidate with the sec retary of state Stassen former rivins to achieve its objectives ipecially Pskov before Ihe ex ected thaw turns the front into morass Moscow said that the Narova iver crossing was made along a 2 mile front south of Narva and enetrated 9 miles beyond lo the ail station of Auvere on the CavvaReval trunk line This laced Govorovs troops approxi nately 15 miles inside Estonia The Russians met powerful crman resistance in the Narova rossing the Moscow bulletin aid but Govorovs infantry and rtillery smashed through killing 200 nazi troops and routing 2 in the bridgehead bat le 25 big guns to gether with other abandoned war material London admiralty an nounced Thursday that Britisl submarines of the far eastern fleet torpedoed and apparently sank a Japanese aircraft carrier and made a successful attack on a cruiser t LUOILl along the northern approaches to Malacca Straits off Malaya A royal navy submarine spotted the Japanese carrier of about 000 tons penetrated ils screen of 5 submarine cliasers drove home at least 2 torpedoes and left the bis warship heeled over and believed sink inc An admiralty communique an nouncing the blows at the Japa nese fleet in enemy waters said tme another submarine carried out a sijeljn successful atlack on a Japanese cruiser in the same region but counteraction prevented observa tion of the full results In still other actions a medium sixcd Japanese supply ship was sunk by a torpedo and a small vessel of the same category was destroyed by gunfire the ad miralty said The date ot the operations on the sea lane to Singapore was iot revealed and except for a suc cinct summary of the attack on the aircraft carrier details were meager Carrying the seawar back to the region where a Japanese cruiser was sunk recently an unidenti fied British submarine sighted the carrier escorted by 5 chasers during a patrol on the northern approaches to the strait between Mayala and Sumatra the west ernmost major island of the Neth erlands The submarine hKiftcd course and swung in to the attack A ommcncled to the department of justice by Sen Gillette D Iowa after Attorney General Biddle had reported that U S District Attorney T E Diamond of SJicl don 1 o w a who was Gillettes considered too ok by President Roosevelt Diamond is U7 Graven is 50 At the time Gillette announced he had urged Cravens appoint ment Frank Comfort Iowa dem ocratic national committeeman released a statement in which he said there w ere other candi dates as well qualified as J u d g e Graven and who from a party standpoint are more deserving The justice department some disclosed it was con j Graven Luke E Linnan of Algona and Jesse E Marshall of Sioux City for the appoint sources indi cated Richard Mitchell of Port Dodge former Iowa supreme court justice was likely lo be appointed but Gillette said he was unaware of this WATER FOR THE Hie 8th army front in Italy a group of Canadian sol diets load a donkey with the front lines where Ihe going is rough salvo of torpedoes was fired The first strike drewan immediate counterattack by the chasers which peppered the area with depth charges and forced the Brit ish to engage in evasive action Following a second attack the aircraft carrier was seen to be hit and lying stopped the admiralty said further torpedo which I Rush Repairs on Los Negros Airstrip New Allied Base Allied Headquarters Southwest Pacific invasion orces supported by heavy and medium bombers beat back a counterattack on newlywon Momote airfield with heavy enemy osses and repairs to the Negros airstrip were being rushed Thursday to provide a new base for further aerial attacks on JUDGE HENRY X GRAVEN Revisions in Price Control Act Sought Washington office of price administration Thursday be came the perimeter of another brewing battle in congress as Rep Wolcolt launched a drive to bring about sweeping re visions in the wartime price con trol act before its life is extended beyonu June 30 Heannounced he would seek these major changes 1 The insertion of a new sec tion outlawing consumer food sub sidies 2 Granting the right of recourse to the federal courts for persons and concerns claiming injury by unfair operation of the price con trol program 3 A spelling out of Ihe pro visions of the act incjuding the authority to correct gross in equities1 so as to permit less lati tude for liberal interpretations of the law by those who administer it Democratic Leader McCormack of Massachusetts let it be known the administration would baltle struck the e n e m y amidships caused a violent explosion The ship heeled over and is believed to have sunk Janes fighting ships the au thoritative navy reference lists 2 Japanese aircraft carriers in the 7000ton RyGzyo which Janes says may have been sunk and the Hosyo The record probably has been outdated by Japanese construction during the war The other submarine which at tacked the Japanese cruiser of un reported specifications was cred with scoring no decisive ited but claimed a torpedo hit results were GREAT BATTLES STILL AHEAD Washington Sec the first 3 landin Schools Are Reopened After Pittsburgh Strike Pittsburgh P Pittsburghs 82000 school children returned to Iheir classrooms Thursday after a oneday holiday resulting from the strike of 1000 custodial work ers The strikers who seek a 40 cent a day pay increase voted Wednesday to join the b6ard of education in submitting the case to the war labor board for re ommendation and advice governor of Minnesota and now a i fiercely any attempt to weaken1 lieutenantcommander in the navy had been entered earlier RETIRED PRIEST BURIED Dubuque w ere held Thursday for the Rev 1 J Cleary 78 retired priest who had served Iowa parishes in Daven port Kcokuk DCS M o i n c s Sig ourney and Perry He died Tues day night OPA saying I hope that when this bill ex Of the 3 candidates Willkie is I tending OPA comes up it will not Ihe only one who has definitely j be used as a vehicle to destroy expressed his intention to seek the ofifce of president Fire in San Francisco Warehouse Investigated San Francisco and navy intelligence officers and city arson experts Thursday investi gated a Jalarm fire which caused considerable damage to lend lease materials stored in a gov ernment bonded warehouse on the San Francisco waterfront before it was brought under control Wednesday night The city fire department began the inquiry aft er a second blaze discovered burning independently of the main fire which swept through vthe first 2 floors of the 4story warchoue at the foot of Tele graph Hill Weather Report price control through amendments that will prevent the use of sub sidies to control prices and pre vent inflation Wolcott ranking minority mem ber of the banking committee joined Republican Leader Martin of Massachusetts in demanding that administration forces permit immediate and protracted consid eration of a measure to extend the OPA otherwise expire June 30 Martin said there is no ques tion of the need of a price control act but added Vic have had too much of the bureaucratic Icchnic of waiting until Ihe last minute and then forr iiiE the acceptance by congress of necessary legislation in a form not desired FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with slowly rising temperatures Thursday night and Friday Minimum temperatures Thu day night above freezing Iowa Mostly cloudy Thursday night and Friday slightly cold er extreme west portion Thurs day night Minnesota Mostly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Occa sional light snow extreme north portion Somewhat colder north and west portions Thursday night and north portion Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 11 Minimum Wednesday nigh U At R a in Thursday Pi rotary of State Edward R Stettin ius Jr Thursday warned congrcs against weakening the lendleasi program at a time when the grea battles of western EAirope and Asia have yet to be fought Stettinius former Icndlease di rector told the house foreign af fairs considering resolution to extend the Icndlease act 1 year beyond its present June 30 expiration datcrlhat the pro gram is needed to fight this war victory in closest concert with our allies 1 should like to emphasize he added what seems to me to be the first principle guiding all our thought and action The war is not even almost over Lendlease is a powerful weapon which we must maintain and strengthen in this war of 33 united nations against aggression The great battles of western Europe and of Asia have yet lo be fought Any change in the lendlease and reverse lendleasc program lie said would disturb the far flung system on whose smooth and continuous functioning we depend for victory Me said 3 years of ils use on battle fronts all over the world have proved Icndlcase to be a good weapon and has enabled tile united nations to pool ihcir re sources so they can strike the hardest possible blows against the enemy Japans Pacific bases While U S planes bombed the enemy positions units of the dis mounted first cavalry division re pulsed the Japanese assault at kiUiQg 6fi and wounding 84 of the enemy force which attempted to retaUe the airfield less than 24 hours after it was captured in the initial landing on the Admiralty islands A spokesman estimated that the enemy force consisted of several hundred troops which Gen Douglas MacArthurs communique said were bloodily repulsed with only negligible American losses Tokyo radio said that the Jap anese garrison on the Admiralty islands was fiercely fighting the American landing party and that the U S prcinvasion bombings hail little effect on the Japa nese defenses The broadcast was recorded by CBS in New York Following the route of the Jap anese the communique said the American positions had been con solidated successfully The field will shortly be in full use by our airforccs7 the an nouncement added indicating that army engineer units and seabces probably landed shortly after the invasion troops to begin recon struction of the previously heav ilybombed airstrip prolcclinc groups A heavy bombardment by U S planes had been planned it was said but itwas not until the 4llr group of barges was turncd back by Japanese shore batteries that the medium and heavy bombers were able to get through to silence the enemy guns The American troops were op posed only by ground forces a spokesman said and there was no artillery fire from Lcnengau 8 miles across the channel on Mantis island principal Japanese base in the Admiraltys While the Americans were con solidating their positions on Los Neeros allied airmen continued their heavy assaults throughout tlic southwest Pacific hitting Ra baut on New Britain for the 26th consecutive day and the N c w Guinea coast from Madang to as far north as A total of Hollandia tons of bombs were dropped on Vunapopc Ra baul toxvnship and Jtapopo air drome in the Rabaul area by Sol omonsbased planes which ranged unmolested over New Britain for the 9th straight day Air patrols also joined with naval surface units in an attack on Choiseul Bay in Bougainville de stroying or damaging 7 barges off Puriata river FINNS COOL TO RUSSIAN TERMS Believe Proposals Are Impossible lo Accept Stockholm peace terms published in Finnish news papers for the first time Thnrsdav morning fell like a shower on the people the Helsinki corres pondent of the Swedish newspape Aftonbludet reported Even circles opposed to a and sec policy of the government armistice terms took the view that the conditions were im jossible of acceptance lhc cor wrote He added that recent develop ments in the move for peace xvcrc clothed in such secrecy the peo ple were under the impression Lhat there were grounds for hope lor a settlement The correspond ent said there was evidence of great disappointment Thursday Russian terms called for restor ation of the 1HO boundary im mediate cessation of hostilities no occupation or change in the Fin nish government internment of German ships and 7 nazi divisions with or without red army help Even as the peace issue was dis closed a Finnish communique re ported lively activity on the fight ing front with both sides attack ing The Finnish press characterized Russias armistice proposals as disappointingly severe and de clared that they gave Finland no hope of negotiating an honorable 23RDSOFAREA LOST TO NAZIS IS RECAPTURED Americans Continuing to Gain in Spite of Fierce Resistance Allied Headquarters Naples Pi flying fortresses and liberators swinging into the re newed battle on the Anzio beach head smashed heavily at nazi troop concentrations Thursday ruining thousands of fragmenta tion bombs on enemy forces The great bombers roared inlo action as bitter fighting contin ued agirnmd The Germans threw X divisions against the beachhead line Wed nesday driving American troops back 1500 yards but a fierce doughboy counterattack regained 1000 yards and still was making progress v Headquarters gave no indica tion of the sixe of the armada sent over the nazi positions but during the Germans last big of fensive hundreds of flying for resses spread a pattern of fira over the enemy The reappearance of the heavy jombers again on this hardfought nvasion sector emphasized the in cnsity of the struggle Intervention of the heavy bomb ers suggested that the critical bal le was nearing a climax for only in crucial moments in the past have the big craft been diverted lo tactical operations Secretary of War Stimson said the allies had Fast Mosquito Bomber rhursCarries Full Ton of Bombs Over Germany London version of tle wars most versatile swift twinengineo1 mos a full ton of bomb over Germany twice the load ttv bomber version of the same plaiv originally was designed to pack it was disclosed Buy War Savings Konds mid YEAR AGO Stamps from your GlobeGazelle I Maximum carrier boy I Minimum 12 Minus 11 without guns Thursday Besides bombs the newest mos quitocs also carry our 20M cannons and 4 machineguns Th wooden planes arc difficult t classify yince they can fly as fight as bombers or as fighter bombers with equal facility iiiint Ihcir tremendous ac tual figure is still out match the enemy The field will give the Amcri n airforccs a good base of j j ations for further attacks cn j jg ew Guinea only tlaO miles to the outh New Britain a similar disi Made in Japan Silk US repulsed 2 days of attacks on the beaches bill that the enemy had strong forces and it is doubtful whether his full strength lias yet been exerted His statement came an hour before news ol the heavy bomber action The Germans however were said to be resisting strongly near a road junction slightly south oE the midway point between Car rocelo and Cistcrna after having lost twothirds of the ground they gained Tuesday in the early stages of their assault apparently their 3rd allout effort to wipe out the beachhead More than 500 German prison ers have been in the battle in which the Germans rammed Mark IV and Tiger tanks at the allied lines under heavy artillery fire from both sides A dispatcn sent from the beachhead Wednesday night by Associated Press War Correspond ent Edward Kennedy quoted the doughboys as saying the battle was the sliffcsl they had yet en countered and that the enemy ar tillery fire the heaviest laid nice to the cast and Truk the ig air and naval base H10 miles o the north Spokesmen disclosed lhat the U L troops on Los Xcgros battled tirough rain and mud to capture he airfield and front dispatches cvcaled that heavy weather pre homhers and fishters from Denver of the Jllnd airbasc squadron remember well where the Japanese acquired much of lhat scrap jnctal they now arc shooting back at American sol diers Thats why they noted with glee lhat the silk used in a demon stration of parachute signal flares at Lowry Field was stamped Made in Japan o i MADANG Cope NEW GASMATA BRITAIN peace The Finnish press campaign was launched only i few hours after Hie Helsinki sovcrnmcnl dis closed the soviet terms ti the ra tion A brief official aimoimic i initial incut outlining the proposals said j forces they had been transmitted to par liament btit save no hint of the governments altitude Finnish quarters in Stockholm said after talking with persons in Helsinki that it was unlikely that Finland would accept the Russian because on them nince the beachhead was established Kennedy said the situation was well in hand at that moment Nazi Field Marshal Albert Kcs selritigs forces launched their at tack Tuesday morning along a 1000yard front almost in the middle of the 10mile stretch be Carrocelti and Cislcrna The enemy Ihrcw 2 battalions supported liy tanks intn tlir phase i t h American bcarin lhc brunt of the attack lly late afternoon S Ger man divisions were plunging against the allied lines The nazis broke through to a depth of about 1500 yards but the rest of the allied lines stood firm against pressure exerted all around the AmericanBritish de fense perimeter American troops launched a counterattack Tues day night and up lo noon Wcd she could not afford to withdraw her troops from their present positions as a preliminary to Further talks Other earlierreports from Hel ncstlay had won back 1000 yards sinki Eiiicl the Finnish government j 1 the opening hours of the at was plannim to send n delegation I tack German infantry rode tanks lo Moscow but these were wholly into battle and helped lift allied unconfirmed The Stockholm press mean while took divergent views of lhc prospects for peace smnc news papers inclining toward opti mism while others vcrr pessimistic WHERE YANKS OUTFLANK Arrow from Ameri can flap points to Los Negros island which U S troops captured in a landing assault in the Admiralty islands The Americans also an airfield near Lorungaii Dis tance indicators show Admiralty islands position in rela tion to U S bases at Saidor and Gloucester and the i Jap liases of Rabaul and Kavicng which outflanked i by the new landing i1 Japs Shout Battle Cry in English But Score Error 30 Struck Out Cape Gloucester Britain Delayed Wi This will be news lo the babe but Staff Sgt Jeremiah A OLcary a marine coros combat correspondent vc purls that Japs evidently eager to display their impoverished Eng lish vocabulary charged marine lines here batllc cry Ruth The charge was scored as an error Thirty Japs were struck out for good uuncs A steady rain however turned open fields into a quagmire and forced the tank to stay on the highway The Germans were Riven only minor support by their airmen Spilling shot down FockcWolfe 100s on nf li over the beachhead Wednesday A Junkers J18 was shot down Tuesday night over Anzio No Cicimaii planes appeared Wednesday American bombed German front line posilions Wed nesday and other warhawks and spilfircs cul lo he rear hiltin other tarccls British Wellingtons were thrown into the fray Wed nesday nichl dropping blockbust ers and billing troop conccntra lions xvilh fragmentation bombs AH returned safely Allied artillery was credited with a prime role in breaking up shouting the strange j the main enemy attacks which To hell with Babe centered on a line running rough from TFolabclUi through Ponle Rolto to south and west o Cistcrna Heavy fire from the big tiuns knocked out several Jernnm tanks near Ponte Uolto The Germans constiinlly shelled tlic allied port aicas durine the RECEIVE ORDERS DCS Moincs TinState Con servation Commission announced i Thursday H was rcnciy io receive hcisht of ihc attack Tuesday orders from farmer for trees to Allied artillery broke up a be used in erosion control Ismailscale German diversionary ;