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  • Location: Mason City, Iowa
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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 1, 1960, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL The Newspaper That Makes All North lowans Neighbors Prtw Unit run UM Wlr MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 1 UM It Cw JTtito Tw HOME EDITION Ml I Quake s tid al wave toll hits Darrow on the death I penalty Only 49 put to death in US last year By WJLL1AM DICKINSON JR GlobeGazette Editorial Research Bureau WASHINGTON In 18th cen tury England at a time when petty theft was punishable by death pickpockets plied their trade in the crowds around the gallows outside D a r tm o 6 r prison Experience had taughl that the excitement at public hangings facilitated their work Clarence Darrow famous Chi cago lawyer who defended more than 50 persons accused of first degree murder was fond of cit ing this fact as evidence thai fear of the extreme penalty die little to deter law violations o which it might be the result THE PEOPLE OF the state kill a man because he killed someone is allgwith out the slightest logic withou the slightest application to life simply from anger nothing else he declared Shortly after barrow liac saved Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold Jr from execution fo the murder of Bobby Frank Chicago h i s views on criminology and capital punish ment came under sweeping at tack by Judge Alfred J Talle of the Court of General Sessions New York City A public debat between the two was the Manhattan Opera House Sept 23 1924 Judge Talfey penalty of death effective deterrent crime If the individual Has he right to kill in selfdefense he asked why has not the statef an aggregation of individuals the same defend itself against unjust aggression and unjust attack THE OBJECT of punishment of crime must be a deterrent and it must be vindicative not vindicative in the sense of re vengeful but it must be imposed so that the law and its majesty and sanctity may be vindi cated D arrows speech in reply was reported by the newspapers to have been interrupted 65 times by either applause or laughter He argued Every human being that be lieves in capital punishment loves killing and the only rea son they believe in capital pun ishment is because they get a kick out of it Pledge to Chile by Ike Will abide by treaties TIME TO senators hash out strate gy while n relaxing positions in the old Supreme Court chamber at Washington where cots have been set up duringthe marathon on civil rights From left are Clifford Case Norris Cotton Norman Brunsdale Russell Long Hiram Fong and Alexander Wiley R Bid to adjourn defeated on civil n SANT1ACO Chile Prcsi dent Eisenhower declared Tuns day the United States is read to fulfill its treaty obligations with strength and promptness QUAKE anil firmness if any American nation becomes a victim of ag gression The President told the Chilean Congress that the United Stales is prepared to cooperate in any practical step for reducing ex penditures on armaments step advocated by President Jorge Alessandri of Chile Eisenhower warned however that procedures for achieving limitations and assurance o compliance will not be easy THE LEVEL of which a nalion feels it miis lo nssurc the safct piiotoinx its people involves a dccisioi which the sovereign aulhoril of lhat country must make to itself lie said Multilateral agreements can be achieved if each nation of Ihc hemisphere has confidence that it need not fear unpro voked aggression Pronounced fit despite the fast pace of his South1 American tour the President launched into another heavy schedule on the second day of his stop in nation African port city rocked US Navy helps out CASABLANCA Morocco Two massive earthquakes fire and a tidal wave wrecked I the Moroccan port city of Aga AP riiuiotax Tuesday killing 1000 per locates sons and injuring an Agadir Moroccan coastal city where two earthquakes hit re sulting in a huge casualty toll Cold nose on March lamb The vote came at amllo keep the Senate in session after the Senate had been in and day this week without Only six Southern DemocratscanAmerican organizations lhat leaders are supporting plans Ore to adjourn the Senate at 8jsimporteci the motion It was opUhe United Stales wants every pm Morse announced he was offer Chessman in offer to Gov Brown SACRAMENTO Calif ffi Caryl Chessmans offer to die in the gas chamber brought a dra matic new element Tuesday into Californias gathering legislative battle over capital punishment The convictauthor wrote Gov Edmund G Brown he is willing to end his fight for life if the California Legislature will vote to abolish the death penalty for everybody else We teach people to kill and T offcr mv iifc said the state is the one that teaches them If the stale wishes that its citizens respect human life then the state should stop killing Now why am I opposed to capital punishment It is loo horriblea thing for a state to undertake We are told by my friend Judge Talley Oh Ihe killer does it why shouldnt tfie state I would hate to live in a state that I didnt think was bet ter than a murderer THE STATE legislatures have been slow to repeal capital pun ishment statutes although many of the statutes have been modi fied and their enforcement in has been tempered Sports Bulletin EVANSTON III IIP The Big Ten rejected renewal of the Rose Bowl pact Tuesday when Northwestern University came out against the proposal This made the lineup five Big Ten schools for the pact and five against A majority would have been required to keep the pact effective How ever under Big Ten rules any member of the conference still could accept an invitation to participate in a Rose Bowl football game This is because of the tie HPS SISTER DIES DETROIT Ford The Weathe posed by 27 Republicans and republic to become strong economically as well as Democrats It required 48 minutes to round up the necessary 51 senators I iaflcr the Southerners making an jailout fight to filibuster the civil politically and socially VWE KNOW lhat only strong nations in our divided world can be sure of retaining their Tuesday night and Wcdncsj day continued quite coldi Lows Tuesday night 2 above to 5 below Highs Wednesday 1823 Iowa Partly cloudy north con siderable cloudiness south continued quite cold Tuesday surprise quorum callj The quorumwas obtained only after Democratic Leader Lyndon B Johnson of Texas had moved and the Senate had voted to di rect the sergeant at arms to round up absentees TWO HOURS earlier when the The month of March came to Iowa Tuesday like well a shivering lamb It wasnt exactly a bad begin but it was plenty cold Atlantic reported 16 below zero Sioux City 11 below El kader 9 below Spencer and Waterloo 6 below and Daven port and Cedar Rapids 5 below Mason City had 3 below Des Moines was the warmest with a low of 4 above Highs of 15 to 25 were ex pected Tuesday afternoon Top from 12 at Waterloo to 21 at Council Bluffs Wednesdays lows are due to be from 5 below in the northwest to 10 above in the southwest The cold weather is expect ed to continue at least through Thursday No snowfall is in sight for the next few days night and Wednesday made their first Tuesday night 2 above lo 5 bcjquorum call the civil rights low north 210 south Highs convict who was condemned inlRuddiman 02 sister of Henry 1948 as a perverted sexkid Ford and last surviving member naPcr iin Ihc family of William and I give my solemn word bejMary Lilogot Ford K dead She fore the world that I will neverhad been a widow since 1909 challenge such a law in the courts and I will disavow any at tempt by any attorney purport ing to act in my behalf For almost 12 of his 38 years Chessman has fought to escape the gas chamber But now he told the Governor if his death will ease the way to the aboli tion of capital punishment he is Wednesday 1520 north 2025 south Further ly cloudy continued Thurs day Minnesota Partly cloudy con tinued cold Highs Wednesday 515 forces came up with a much bet ter showing That time they pro duced a quorum in 21 minutes The longtalking Southerners get to rest while 51 senators arc herded in With the vote on Morses mo tion out of the way Sen Lister 4 Hill fDAla resumed tlic fili GlobcGazcUe weather data bllslcr for lhc Southerners An aide said Hill had 450 pages of up to 8 am Maximum Minimum 20 3 willing to die Negroes continue sitin strategy by what Darrow called symthe Legislature reconvened with Chessmans letter Negro demonstrations for ing service at a drug store was delivered to the Capitol equal rights at traditionally lunch counter They were re Monday night by a highway pa trolman It arrived on the dav pathy imagination kindness and understanding Fortyone of the 50 states prescribe the dealh penalty for firstdegree murder and other major crimes but in only one year since 1950 has the number of executions in the United States exceeded 100 Only 48 convicted felons were put to death in 1958 the low record only 49 last year Nine states over the years have abolished the death penalty and then restored it usually af ter a particularly heinous crime Darrow was accustomed to cite such restorations as proof that the principal use of capital pun ishment was for revenge I am pleading Darrow said for a time when hatred and cruelty will not control the hearts of men when we can learn by reason and judgment and understanding and faith that all life is worth saving and that mercy is the highest attribute of man strong evidence it would refuse to repeal capital punishment On the inside Editorials Page 4 Clear Lake News 9 Society News 1011 Sports 1314 Comics 15 Latest Markets 16 Mason City News 1617 Firm News 19 North Iowa News 22 SAME segregated lunch counters in the South appeared to be slow ing down Tuesday But some Negro student leaders said they had no in tention of abandoning the sit ins1 which mushroomed across the South during Feb ruary More than 1000 Negro stu dents from Alabama State College marched from the campus to the steps of the state capitol building for a giant rally They marched two j abreast in a line lhat stretched three city blocks There were no disturbances The idea was advanced at n meeting of students Monday night after Gov John Patter son insisted leaders of a Ne gro sitdown at the Montgom ery courthouse lunch room Thursday should be expelled from Alabama Slale Fourteen Negro students from Vborhces Junior College were arrested al Denmark S C after repeatedly seek Icased later to a college of ficial At Tampa Fla 57 Negroes sought service at a variety store lunch counter They were refused and the counter closed Police said the only violence occurred when the counter manager struck a photographer Fifteen Negro high school students occupied the entire serving counter at the Chapel Hill N bus station The counter was closed after they refused to move into a sec tion Negroes only At Durham N C two white teenagers were arrested for abusing a Negro picket line None of the incidents ap proached in size the demon strations and mass arrests which occurred over the week end As an aftermath of Sat urdays events three students Negroes and a were convicted of disorderly conduct in connection with the lunch counter demonstration aLNashville Tenn material ready but dill not plan to use all of them at this lime SEN SPESSARD L Holland DFIa forced the puorum call at am after an 80minute interruption for other three hours and 20 minutes A middleofthenight quorum call is a timehonored filibuster tactic to test the determination of the other side as well as to provide for those carrying on the talkfest In the course of his speech Holland scoffed at Ihe idea that the strongly Democratic Senate would accept a Republican sponsored program and havt the leader of the minority get the lions share of credit Army ready to help Colorado ranchers DENVER Colo iff Husky mechanized Army units poisec Tuesday to assist about 100 iso lated ranchers and 4000 strandec cattle in blizzardtorn soulhern Colorado Two convoys of Weas els bulldozers and trucks were standing by at Ft Carson Colo in readiness to dash 200 mile southeastward to the snowbounc Kim area of Las Animas Coun ty Some cattle are reportcc dead and others gravely weak ened because ranchers canno break through drifts to delive feed to them The heavy snov cover prevents the animals from foraging on the ground surface There was no contradiction irii the American policy of nonin tervention in other nations af fairs with its fostering of free dom representative democracy through the hemisphere he told the Americans The President leaves Wednes day for Montevideo Uruguay and the last formal calls of his fournation 10day tour On Thursday he flies to Puerto Rico where he plans to rest for several days News dispatches reporting Ei senhowers apparent tiredness in Bariloche Argentina Sunday prompted his personal physician Maj Gen Howard M to announce Monday night lhat the 69yearold chief executive is in fine physical condition nd in good health Eisenhower appeared in good pirils during Mondays arrival eremonies in Santiago Through most of the 30minute molor ade he stood and waved to the riendly and unexpectedly large crowds estimated at between 00000 and 700000 urnber officials hack from the cone reported The number of injured may each several thousand when cscuc workers are able to make an accurate tally the of icials said The reports were made aflcr he relurn from Agadir of Crown Prince Moulay Hassan and a parly of officials who had ac companied King Mohamcd V to the stricken city THE KING ordered special command post set up outside the city to direct relief work The new city of Agadir as well as the Casbah Moroccan section arc destroyed and a mass of ruins said one return ing eyewitness Rescue parties are removing the dead and in jured Most buildings are af Icast partially destroyed In places beds have tumbled into the streets from apart ments I could hear buried children screaming from piles of rub ble It is destruction every where There is blood on the walls andmi the streets The city of 265 miles Casablanca been cordoned off by troops s a health measure and to pre cnt looting French sailors are elping Moroccan soldiers and police US armed forces quick y contributed help THE WATER in th city have burst Tank cars are wringing in walcr Electric lines are also down and repair work ers arc being llown to the city Some foreign tourists are still buried in the rubble an official said Most of Agadirs foreign visi tors are French Spanish warships arrived from the Canary Islands to help in rescue work and French ships arc on the way Helicopters re layed supplies French Moroc can and US planes are on hand By dawn Wednesday officials hope to have a well organized airlift in place lo bring out the casualties Some of the injured i a heady arc being flown from Agadir to Casablanca RITES SET Funeral servj AMATEUR RADIO operators ices will be Wednesday for in Morocco have been assigned Melvin Purvis 56the former FBI manhunter who took his own life Monday at his Flor ence S C home Purvis gained nalional fame when he led a team of FBI agents who a wave length to relay relief and emergency messages Fire brigades have arrived from nearby towns The tidal w a v e apparently dashed 300 yards into the city shot down John Dillinger and jthrough the harbor guarded by Pretty Boy Floyd during the massive citadel atop a 720 30s Lately he had been deifoot rock A Spanish ship the spondent and in ill health lAvelino Correa radioed that the r v AP CITY HIT BY QUAKES TIDAL the Atlantic Coast of Africa which was WAVE This is an air view of the shattered by earthquakesand shoreline at Agadir Moroccan S ;