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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 1, 1956, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited or the Home t Cif Y GLOBFGAZETTE T H I N I W S P A f E R T H A T MAK Mf A L L N OR T H 1 O W A N S NEIGHBOR S HOME EDITION Preu and Uaited PreM Full Lease Wire Seven Cents a Copy Violence Possible in South Both Sides Frustrated MASON CITY MARCH I 1956 This Paper Consists o Two One GOP Demos at Odds This is he first In a series of articles on the integration By ROBERT S BIRD New York Herald Tribune t News Service MONTGOMERY sick ness of frustration afflicts the deep South today Most white people here have little doubt deep in their hearts that racial integration of schools and desegregation in general are in the end inevitable At the samel time they are totally incapable o facing up to the prospect Th unthinkableness of it is not mere ly prejudice It is as if thei cherished Southern wfy of life is the only way of life they ca conceive of living The Negroes on their side ar certain that law and time an ultimate victory are with them In the new welling up of thek hope and determination they a ready savour the sweet taste o liberty Theysing about it They are pressing forward Rigid Tradition Thus the dilemma The whit mans emotional and conceptua of retreat from rigi tradition deadlocked with th Negroes rising aspirations Frus tration is Ihe result This is wha underlies the developments tha an making thespot news the tenseness the incidents o violence the court actions in dictments demonstra tions reprisals The question in the forefront o the mind of every person in th deep South today is whether o not blood will be spilled in th crisis which is upon them In other parts of the South some adjustment is being mad to Hip fha in the other deep Soutl States of Georgia and South They are counting on Alabama to in the words of the politicians hold the dike against the black The pivotal cases against which the dike must be held at all costs it is felt are the Autherine Lucy case at the University of Ala bama in Tuscaloosa and the Ne gro bus boycott here in Mont gomery In one sense the Auther ine Lucy case is the more im portant because the main effort of the organized Negro drive is to crack open the segregatec white public school system City Divided In a different sense the Mont gomery situation is more reveal ing of the sentiment which under is because city is dividec lies both cases here a whole against itself on a segregation issue Even though bus segrega tion is to be sure a lesser issue at the moment than school inte gration In Montgomery the capital of Alabama and the birthplace o Confederacy nearly Negroes are ranged in defiance they call a white population of per sons Their refusal to ride the buses is something altogether newin the South Not merely be cause it involves Negro mass de fiance of sacred white tradition Which from the white viewpoint but also because the movement has both a methoc and an ideology which are prov ing beyond all expec tation This movem ent m ay in fa ct be setting a pattern for the fu ture 11 The method is a Ghandi type of passive is the phrase that has become the watchword of the movement The ideology is built around the idea of no hatred of thawhite man and no whatever the provocation The movement is carried on and supported with deep religious fervor through all the Negro church parishes and welleducated Negro ministers are providing the truly expert leadership Since virtually all the Negro population is devotedly at tached to church parishes there is fast and effective communica tion throughout the whole Negro community The Negroes dont demand total desegregation of the buses What their down to fin ally is that when a Negro pays his fare a seat in the bus he must required later as the bus fills up to yield his aeat toY a white man simply be ctuse the white man is white es Certain of His Whistle Stop Tactics Out NO m u ranees WITH HEAT An electric placed there by a bird lover keeps the feathered friends warm at Nuernberg Germany during Europes coldest winter in memory The heater was installed without ys w j UA even an increase in College Expels Negro Coed BIRMINGHAM Ala Autherine Lucy Negrocoed Thurs day was expelled fnto the University of Alabama for unproved charges that school authorities conspired in mob action against her There was no official announcement from the Board of Trustees was W at a meet mg Wednesday night They askedf that their names not be used The action came within hours after U S District Judge H Ho bart Grooms Wednesday ordered the board to vacate an order ex cluding the 26yearold Birming ham woman from campus for uni versity until Monday to take the action readmitting Andrew Thomas attorney for the university was closeted with Grooms in the judges chambers Thursday morning but declinec any comment on reports that new legal steps are contemplated dur ing the day I am shocked at this new turn of said Miss Lucy in a statement I have done all that I can I was looking forward to returning to school At this point there is nothing more that I can Ruby Hurley southeastern regional secretary for the Nation al Assn for the Advancement of Colored People said Twouldnt say her statement means accept ance or nonaceaptance of the or der The matter will be decided in conference of the attorneys with Miss Thurgood Marshall NAACP chief counsel said he had no comment He represented the young woman at the hearing be Judge Grooms Wednesday The NAACP has sponsored the Birmingham Negro in her year legal battle for admittance o the school Meanwhile at Montgomery the House of Representatives passed a resolution that would require Miss Lucy to testify Mon day before a legislative commit ee investigating Communist ac tivity in Alabama Wounded Solons in Annual Get Together WASHINGTON House members felled when Puerto lican fantatics shot up the House hamber two years ago arranged heir annual gettogether Thurs day They are Reps Bentley R Wich Jensen RIqwa Roberts DAla Fallon DMd and Clif ord Davis State Taxes Likely to Ho3 Level i DES MOINES Iowa Taxation Study Committee indi cated Thursday it does not be lieve it is very likely that Iowa will be able to cut its taxes after the committee completes its special study While some members are hopful that reductions may be possible in some instances most members are saying confidential ly that the most that can be hoped for is someplan of distri bution that will assure no in crease in the total tax the committee said The statement said that com mittee members however have frequently expressed the hope that it may eventually come up with recommendations that will spread the tax load more uni formly and more equitably than is now being The committee said it hoped to enow in about threemonths the public thinking on tax matters It is making an recommendations received from more than 40 organizations and some persons The sugges ions were made at four public hearings the committee held around the state The committee said it faced hese three major How can local property taxes be reduced How can state aid to schools e increased without increasing the overall cost What substitute can be found or the onehalf cent increase in sales tax voted by the 1955 Legis ature By JACK BELL WASHINGTON UP President Eisenhowers assertion that there isnt the slightest doubt he now an perform his duties as well as he ever did drew challenges from some Democrats Thursday They said that since his Sept 24 heart attack he has been a part time president operating hrough a regency which would be ousted by the voters in No vember Reacting to a talk in which Ei senhower told the nation Wednes day night he would accept the GOP nomination but would not engage in whistle stop speak ing Democrats spoke of a con trastingly vigorous campaign of personal appearances by their nominee Speaking to the nation by tele vision and radio Eisenhower said he is a recovered heart patient who doctors iay is as well as before the attack Greater Risk T may possibly risk than is the normal person of my age he said with some thing of a grimace but toy doc tors assure me that this increased percentage of risk is not As of this Eisen hower said there is not slightest doubt that I can now perform as well as I ever have all of the important duties of the presidency This I say because I am actually doing so and have been doing sofor many Asserting lie is personally con fident he can carry the duties of the presidency Ei senhower said medical men have told him that adverse effects on my health will be less in the pres dency than in any other position I might The talk to the people was a followup to Eisenhowers an nouncement at a news conference Wednesday that he is available for another White House term GOP Happy Almost to a man Republicans greeted that announcement jubi lantly Democrats generally voiced pleasurethat Eisenhowers health PILOTKILLED ATSUGL Japan tffl A US tfavy F9F5 Panther jet crashed nto a house Thursday near the naval air station here The pilot vas killed and two Japanese women occupants of the house vere injured Hall Predicts Demo Tactics to Result in Their Defeat Many of them added they confident of victory in a campaign waged on the record of Eisen bowers rec ord on which the President said tie will run Abroad there tude voiced in official quarters although many withheld comment est they give an impression of interferring in U politics In Moscow DeputyForeign Minister Andrei Gromyko said This is news we have expected for some Moscow Radio carried the hews briefly Broadcast Relayed The Voice of America relayed Eisenhowers broadcast around the world using all 78 of its trans mitters Sen Humphrey DMinn com mented It seems like Eisen hower is planning a part time campaign to become a part time president said Ei senhower had been compelled to run again by Republicans try ing to save their party rather than save his But Sen Aiken RVt dont believe you would get such frankness as that out of any other EXPLAINS DECISION TO at his White House desk President Eisenhower gestures and removes his glasses as he completes his radio and TV report to the nation Wednesday night were made with a sequence camera from a monitor set in New York Two Clinton Jail Escapees Are Captured in their ty Stolen Automobile CLINTON Russell 44 one of two men who jsawe yr way out of the Clinton Coiin jail Wednesday captured by officers at the apar ment of his wife here Thursday Edward Nichols 26 ha accompanied Russell on the ja break returned voluntarily earl Thursday driving a stolen car u to the jail Officers said the apartmen where Russell was recapture had been searched several hour earlier They said Russell tol them he spent the night in a shack in the railroad yard H offered no resistance when h was rearrested Russell who was being held in connection with some breakins told officers he and other prison eis used three hack saw blades given them by a man who had seen a prisoner but has since been released to saw the bars on the jail windows The sheriffs office said jai break charges would be filed WASHINGTON National Chairman vLeonard W Tall Thursday predicted that if ie Democrats make an issue of he Presidents health in the ortrjcoming campaign it will backfire onthem and cost them Hall made the prediction to a PWS conference at which he Iso said he thinks Vice Presi ent Nixon will be Eisenhowers unning mate for another term and called them the greatest in the country Hall also announced the Na tional Committee expects to spend upwards of two million dollars on a televisionradio campaign He also said the presidents name was entered Thursday in the Republican presidential pri aries in bo t California capital in the world The President leaves no doubt that he feels fully equal to carrying on the work of the presidency The public will share his Democratic National Chairman Paul M Butler said he doesnt thinkthe voters will accept a fparttinie Butler said the health issue probably will dominate the cam paign and tend to obliterate dis cussion and consideration of the Wisconsin and grcat issucs of foreigu am hat the former prisoner namec ay Russell probably would be picked up for questioning Beuse to Reveal His Intentions DAVENPORT UP Mayor Walter Beuse frequently men tioned as a possible candidate for the Democratic nomination foi governor said Wednesday he will announce his political plans March 10 Beuse said he will talk with a group of friends in a few days and then go to Miami for a vacation The announce ment will be made from Miami he Lawrence Plummer North wood is the only announced can didate for the Democratic nom nation Patrolmen to Work Alone After Dark DES MOINES the first ime in the history of the State Highway Patrol patrolmen will start working alone at night be ginning March David Herrick patrol policy has been to as sign two officers to each car after dark Herrick said the new policy is move to stales in creasing traffic toll by doubling he number of officers on the highways between 4 p m from 0 to 20 3 Patrol Chief said Thursday The Odds Are Against But Think Dewey WOOSTER Ohio 32yearohr woman from nearby BigPrairie gave birth Wednesday to her second Leap Year baby in four years The child arrived at a bouncing boy of 7 pounds ounces His Leap Year sister is Debra Joyce born in 1952 The parents Mr and George Snriver have two other small daughters one before Debra Joyce and one after CONGRESSIONAL NEWS Ikes Plans to Help Republican Program FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Congressional leaders Thursday said President Eisenhower secondterm decision greatly improved the chances of his program getting through Congress Both Democratic and Republican leaders predicted the Prcsi dent s decision to run will solidify GOP support for some of his controversial bills such as expanded foreign aid And they predicted Democratic support foi most pending issues will remain for VP Post StopNixon Forces Ready Campaign By LYtE C Nations Traffic Toll Rises Once Again CHICAGO UP The National iafety Council Thursday report ed the nations traffic toll jumped 3per cent this January compared viuTTanuary 1955 The council said there were 960 traffic deaths this January The total makes January the lith traight month that traffic fatali ies have increased aid generally unchanged However the prediction did no include the Democratic push for return to rigid farm price sup ports Some Democrats predicted number of their fellowparty members who might have voted against rigid supports how wil vote for them for political rea sons About The Weather Mason City Mostly fair and cooler Thursday night and Fri day Low Thursday night 2529 High Friday 4246 owa Fair Thursday night and Friday cooler Low Thursday night 20s northwest 30s south east Minnesota Partly cloudy colder Globe Gazette tvcathcr rlnta up I o 8 ay Maximum Minimum At 8 EAR AGO Maximum Minimum NEW PRESIDENT LEMARS WVDr Harry H Ka as Napcrvillc has been named as new president of West mar College here replacing Dr I SAME Kimc effectiveJuly WASHINGTON UP President Richard Nixon if the electidnyear center If he is forced off the 1956 Rel publican presidential ticket a likely substitute would pier Gov Thomas E Dewey of New York Dewey probably would ac cept Some of friends fear that the movement to bounce him got a green light Wednesday in President Eisenhowers announcer ment that ho would accept re nomination but leave the selec tion of a vicc president up to the Republican National Convention Solid Backing Some of Nixons adverse critics read it the other a solid endorsement of the vice presi dent The facts arcthat Eisenhower emphatically praised Nixons ability and his performance as vice president but refused to commit him self w h asked if wanted h i m on the ticket again Time for that said the is after the R e p u b 1 i can National C o n ri DEWEY mitlee saidhe is positive the President now wont veto the pending omnibus farm bill that includes rigid supports Some Re publicans have said in the past that hewill When a man becomes a can didate he turns politician to the Ellendcr said Other congressional news Highways The A m eric a n Trucking Associations protested a proposal to make truckers pay the lionsshare of the pending na tional highway program The House Ways and Means commit tee approved a bill to increase taxes on highway users The big gest share would affect truckers It was added to the bill after mo torists protested an seizure ineVcapabirieans to board tax boost j unusual speculation whether the Case The blueribbon Senate President would be well enough committee investigating the complete a second term campaign contribution offered Dewey is on record friends as saying that he does not want thevice presidential nomi nation and that he does not be lieve Eisenhower will permit Nix on to be benched But wjien pressed for an answer to an iffy Nixon were has said substan tially this Yes if I were asked to run for the vice presidency and ifI were convinced that thiswould lion has nominated a presidential candidate Eisenhowers refusal to commit himself on a running mate is suf ficient to put new muscle and en thusiasm in the organized effort to ditch Nixon Some of the Presi dents longtime military associ ates and more recent golf cronies are active in the movement against the vice president Public Awareness Nixon is primarily on the spot however because of public awareness of Eisenhowers Sep embcr heart attack The fact of Sen Francis Case RSD called in the Justice Department and the FBI Oil lobbyist John M Neff who offered the contribution to Case denied he offered to Republican National Committee man Robert K Goodwin of Iowa Goodwin said he did contribute measurably to the chances for success of the Re publican r Party 1 would accept the ;