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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 1, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS U ualed Press and United Press Full Incased Wires Cents m Copy MASON CITY IOWA THUBSDAY MARCI1 1 1915 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 133 I INSIDE WASHINGTON Dairy Former Hardest Hit By Selective Senrice Draft Central Press Capital Staff an eye on American naval and air operations against the Hyukyu islands 500 miles south the Japanese mam Islands Japan ferries its planes via these islands from the homeland to China or Formosa and the United States high command in the Pacific has been intent on breaking lip thistransport sys tern The Byukyus have been sub jected to several heavy nava bombardments and air attack have smashed Japanese installa tions but the enemy is hard pressed to maintain its unbroke chain of ferrying stations and is expected to fight to the bitter en for their control An indication of America strategy there however may b seen in the neutralization of en emyteld bases on Formosa Prio to the Philippines landings flee of B29s blasted Jap air Helds an supply depots on Formosa just make suke that Nipponese plan wouldnt offer too much troub for the invasions Mllitarv observers are specula Ing on the possibility that t same thing may happen in future operations If China is invaded they feel that a gigantic air at tack may level Jap bases in the Ryukyus for many months to in sure no enemy interference AMERICANS BREAK INTO TRIER American Farmers hit hard on the manpower front by selective service arid skyhigh wages in city war plants are growing more bit ter over the governments hand ling of farm workers Biggest gripe from rural Amer Ica comes from hardworking fanners who put in 12 to 14 hours a day producing food and at the same time watch manpower wast age in the war plants see labor working an 8hour day with over time They believe the Senate war in vestiffalinr committee report on manhour loss through fiddling at the Norfolk Navy yard is but a drop in the even worse manpower waste exists in other war plants While the war workers loaf around war plants say the farrn t ere rural America is continually having its manpower pool drained 8 by selective service at a time when ithe government calls lor even V gher if Ferhaps haMest hitby the draft Is the dairy farmer whose hired hands must be highly skilled in caring for milch cows Replace ments once a skilled farm hand is lost virtually are impossible to get Result Many of the nations dairy herds are being sold at auc tion or killed for beef the milk supply is cut and there is less butter rnilh and cheese for civil FDR SAYS U S ST BACK UP WORLD PEACE Reports Polish Plan Frankly a Compromise Discusses Conference Washington resident Roosevelt called on a cheering congress Thursday to assume re sponsibility for underwriting fu ture peace through world col laboration in the same nonpar tisan spirit that America wage war We shall have to take the re sponsibility or world collabora tion he declared or we shal have to bear the responsibility fo another world conflict Tanned and fitlooking after his 14000rnile trip to Yalta and back the president sat comfort ably in a red plush white house chair as he toldapplauding mem bers of the house and senate that this time we shall notmake the mistake of waiting until the end of the war to set up the ma chinery of peace Mr Roosevelt sat in the well of the house with a battery of 13 microphones on the oak table be fore him As he was wheeled on to the floor by an aide he haltec momentarily to shake hands with Reps Grosser D Qhio am Cochran D who also were 1800 Allied Bombers Hit Mazi Targets London massive ali ied air assault carried through ts 18th straight day Thursday More than 1800 U S and British bombers smashed almost simultaneously against at least 10 targets in the reich More than 600 RAF and Halifaxes struck 2 rail and 011 cities in western Germany while more than 1200 American heavies attacked a chain of 8 rail way centers in the southern reich which serve 3 uazi battlefronts Before noon the U S 9th air force lashed out with almost 1000 sorties ahead of the blazing west ern front A force of 560 fighter bombers battered Neuss cross Rhine suburb of the Ruhrs Dues seldovf in the path of the allied ground drive in the west Before worsening weather crip REDS CUT OFF Your Red His Side DANZIG FROM REICH BY LAND led air operations shortly after odn the 9th AIT force alone had Mastered German retreat lines ltd troop movements along the nine all the way from Neuss to IB Moselle valley ahead of the U S 3rd army drive Havocs Invaders and Marau ders 375 strong blasted 8 com munications centers and 3 road ridges from northwest of Cologne o west of Coblenz Allied air fleets during Feb flew more than 10000D sorties against the reich with rec ord low losses Italybased U S 15th air force icavy bombers Thursday attackec Germans Say Russians Across Ihna Defense Line East of Stettin London army tank spearheads sweeping through a splitup German front have cut Danzig off from Germany by land a Moscow dispatch said Thursday and the Germans said the Russians ad crossed the Ihna river de ense line east of Stettin This rush sea defjn tely has cut Danzieoff from Ger many by land said a dispatch by AP Moscow Correspondent Kddy iilmore He said a large section of east irn Pomerania also appeared to jave been cut off Col Gen A K Sokolskys artillery has the DanzigStettin coastal railway under fire in sev eral sectors and there is no traf iic moving from east to west said a Moscow dispatch from AP Correspondent Eddy Gilmore The German communique said Marshal Gregory Zhukovs first White Russian army forced the crossing of the Ihna a river flow ing in an eastwest direction to Satrgard a stronghold 19 miles east of Stettin then turning north ians Look for sharp and outspoken criticism from farm organizations in the near future on the farm labor picture Chairman Brent Sflence D of Kentucky of the House Bank ing committee has a story which he thinks well illustrates the sit uation in which he found him self during a stormy hearing of the rules committee on the George bill Spence In the hearing objected to being pelted with questions like a man arraigned on a criminal offense The antagonistic attitude of the rules committee Spence says reminds him of the pldcol ored man who was cleaning fish but had difficulty holding one slippery sucker that kept jumping out of his hand What yo so scared about de manded the old fellow of the hop ping fish Ah aint goin to do iiuthin to yapcept gut in wheel chairs After transferring to the plush arm chair Mr Roosevelt began his first personal address to con Kress since January 1913 by ask ing his listeners to pardon him fo sitting down It a relief the presiden said not to have 10 pounds o steel around the bottom of hi brateshe must wear t stand erect the length of tim required for a speech of this na turel Declaring that worMpeace mpr than is military victory th president said there can be n middleground on the issue o world collaboration Mrs Roosevelt was accompanie n another section of the gallery y her daughter Mrs Anna Boet was her fathers com janion on the trip to he Crown Prince and Princess of Norway Departing from his prepared text in discussing the April 25 united nations conference in San Francisco Mr Roosevelt ex pressed a hope that the senate will approve the charter of the united nations when they all come together in San Francisconext month As you know Ive always been a believer in a document known as the constitution the United States he went on Ive spent a good deal of time educating the leaders of 2 other nations about the constitution of the United states He tossed in that remark Just after reading from his prepared text the sentence that he and the other united nations are aware that the united nations charter must be approved by of the nate of the United States Mr Roosevelt looked away from manuscript frequently to em the Moosbierbaum oil refinery 22 miles northwest of Vienna cortine Mustangs blasted down i enemy planes which tried to in tercept The 15th also sent a force o Lightnings to bomb railyards nea Moosbierbaum from a high leve Berlin was bombed again Wed nesday night by RAF Masquitos with 2ton blockbusters the 9th successive night attack the German capital toward the Baltic Further east the Germans said Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky1 second White Russian army force the Germans into another retrea south of Bublitz 22 miles from the coastal railway whose cap ture the Russians announced Wednesday night A retreat southeast of Rummels TOO l burg 15 Tniles east of Bublitz als 11 UNANIMOUS VOTE Full Endorsement for Big 3 Plans London house of com mons gave Prime Minister Church ill a unanimous vote of confidence Thursday in support of the big three decisions at Yalta The vote was 413 to 0 The action came after three days of Britains most important foreign policy debate since the war began and constituted th first legislative indorsement o V i An American Woman is rcr sponsible fov coins jingling over virtually Ihe entire globe She is Mrs Nellie Tayloe Hoss director of the United States mint reveals all records for mint ing coins for friendly nations have been broken by 800 million coins made for such lands asFrance Ethiopia Greenland Saudi Ara bia the Philippines Australia Belgian Congo Belgium Bolivia Cuba Curacao Dominican Repub lic Equador El Salvador and most of the rest of the geography book 1 Pullman Car Tumbles From Trestle to Creek Steubenville Ohio sleeping passengers in a robomett Pullman of the Pennsylvania rail roads eastbound Spirit of St Louis flyer narrowly escaped death Thursday when the ca plunged about 35 feet from trestle into a shallow creek Seven persons were hurt on seriously Witnesses said ther miraculously were no fatalities The derailed car was the 3th i a train of 11 Pullmans a club an dining car As it broke an toppledfrom the trestle 2 othe were jolted and almost fell ove from the bridge but the others re mained upright Several passengers in th compartment car fought their wa out the front end to Cnd them selves in waist deep water Th creek was higher than normal be cause of heavy rains big threes Yalta decisions by on of the great powers It was perhaps Churchills mos sweeping triumph in the eleven tests of strength he has had sine taking office He won the pas three tests by votes of 425 to 23 219 to 30 and 340 to 7 The house vote came after lastminute appeal for unbroke unity by Foreign Secretary Eden during which he warned Austri to part company with nazi corn pany and cautioned ils peopl that time is running short for announced by the Germans Earlier German broadcas Ad Hokossovsky had plunged 1 eusfettin GUmbre said Kolberg Koeslin nd SchJawe astring of cities paced 25 miles apart from south vest to northeast on the Stet inDatizig railway appeared to lave been cut from one an ither by artillery fire brought vithin range by Rokossovskys armored and motorized swoop Stolp 15miles east of Schlawe appeared to have been caught in he area blocked out by the Rus sians he added Tanks and mobile infantry were receiving cavalry support in the surge toward the Bal lic targe formations of red air force Stormoviks threw battered German army and Volkssturm units into confusion The Stormoviks pounded the railway and groups ol German transport easily spotted flat country Erskine Says 3td K4driiies Hove Cracked Jap Defenses But I wo Battle Still Tough With 3rd Marine Division Assault Forces on Iwo Jima ien Graves B Erskine commander of the 3rd marine division said the that action Eden disclosed that agreement Telling of the capture of Neu stettin big communications hub Red Star said demoralized Ger mans surrendered one position after another and quickly gave up the stronghold On the Berlin front Moscov dispatches said there were indi cations that the Russians had fi nally begun largescale operation across the Neisse in he thick de ense zone between that river and defensive bulwark Thursdayhis marines have cracked the Japanese defen on Iwo Jima but warned there is lots o tough fighting ahead Redrawing lines on a map a trip to the front Erskine dis laslze once he embetween Russia and the United arhcd on a Ions anecdote about 1 states had been worked out at high nazi officers had hoped Nov 1 for dealing make the villas ot Yalta their with Austria the first victim of rivale homes after the war When the Russians took over nd drove them out these villas ere looted by the and ombs placed in their lounda ons he said By several references the presi ent stressed the role of congress the coming world peace plans He called thevoting arrange nents on the projected security ouncil a complicated and diffi ult problem and observed Id Imost say it is a legislative prob em In discussing the Bier Threes Polish agreement Mr Roosevelt expanded his prepared remarks o explain that Poland will obtain quite a large slice of Germany in return for territory east of the Corzon line which ilT go to Rus sia Dropping his voice to a conver sational tone the president saic most of East Prussia will go to Poland which he remarked wasn a country at all before 1919 He said the anomoly of the free city of Danzig would be abolishet and Poland would embrace that territory His explanation was j similar to that given previously 1 by Churchill to the British house of commons The Polish agreement Mr Roosevelt said was frankly a didnt agree with all of it by any means Without further explanation the president departed from his text to speak of prima donnas white discussing the agreement on IfoKoslavia This agreement he said is in process of fulfillment nazi aggression The position Austria which has waged war as an integral part t Germany he said is nonethe ess I think a rather special one t is not conceivable in our judg ment that she can be placed on an equal footing with liberated erritory or allied territory or any arrangement of that kind But it las on tHe other hand been re jeatedly made clear that in final settlement account must be taker of Austrias own contribution Eden bluntly declared tba members of the Polish Lublin committee did not make a good j impression upon himself or Churchill during their conferences in Moscow several months auo There is no question of our affording recognition to them he firm indication that Britain would refuse to go further than the big threes proposition to set up a new Polish coalition gov ernment the Spree This is in the wall which the Germans have prepared as Berlins southeastern defenses The fighting continued to be violent in Breslau Silesian indus trial capital where the Russians had won about a fourth of the city and virtually all the important suburbs German broadcasts frankly ad mitted that nazi forces in Danzig the Polish corridor and eastern Pomerania were in immediate danger of being cut off closed that his 21st regiment was driving through the Japs at a steady pace The general cautioned thatHhe enemy still hold their inner de fenses on high ground at the end of the island and that heavy fight ine can be expected He said it was probable the Japs would make a determined counterattack when the marines capture the high ground and added We are ready for it anytime and it would speed up the secur ing of the island The 3rd division gained 700 to 800 biggest days ad vance since the start of the in vasion 10 days the cen ter ot the Americnn line Wednes day in the initial phases of a sen era assault There seemed little doubt that Lt Gen Holland M Smith com mander of the expeditionary force was bent on cleaning up Iwo as rapidly as possible for use as a base for fighters escorting Superfortresses to Tokyo Iwo also will be used as a stag ing base at which the siant B29s can refuel and take on additions bombs for loads several times heavier than it now is possible ro OPAStiffens Red Point Food Program Washington A redpoint food program termed the stif fest since rationing began goes into effect Sunday It assigns higher values to a wide range of cheap er beef and pork cuts The t OPA announcing this Thursday tempered the bad news somewhat with 2 and 3pointa pound reductions for choice beef steaks and roasts These how ever are scarce in most parts of the country The general lightening up re I suits Price Administrator Chester jver south the RussiLugo Bowles said from heavy mili Nazi Raiding Patties Push Back 8th Army on Italian Front Rome fP German raiding arties striking across the Senio POUR THROUGH LAST DEFENSES NEAR COLOGNE Say 9th Army Making Spectacular Gains Driving Nazis Back BULLETIN Paris U S 9th army captured the German citadel of aiuenchen Gladbach Thursday as other American forces broke into ancient Trier and plunged through he outer defenses of Cologne Varis American armies poured through the last defenses of besieged Cologne Thursday and broke into ancient Trier guardian fortress city of the Moselle valley on the route to Coblenz Reports many hours outdated placedfirst army tanks and infan try within 5 miles of Cologne greatest communications center in the Rhineland and a city the size of Boston proper Atleast 5 bridgeheads were thrown across the Erft river The American ninth army to the north was declared at Field Mar shal headquarters lo be making spectacular new gains at the edge ptithe indus trial Rhur region driving the Ger man loth army toward the Rhine banks German reports placed the ninth within 11 miles of Duesseldorf a city as large as New Orleans and one broadcast said Duesscldorf was being shelled The tenth armored division of Lt Gen George S Pattons army drove into Trier in the climax to 10 mile northward drive from beyond Saarmirg The tenth galh1 cred 3000 prisoners in its dash German artillery heavily op posed the Bankers Some of Ger are eluSt ered aroundTrier her1 oldest city and an imposing place of 88OOD Trier commands routes to Mainz Coblenz and Cologne on the Rhine and back to France Belgium and Luxembourg Canadians and Britons fought strongly with armor io break the oad about 17 miles inland irom he Adriatic coast have driven 8th army troopsfrom some of their postions allied headquarters an nounced Thursday s Allied forces promptly counter attacked and took a number of prisoners but part of the German orces still remain on the east rank of the stream Two other strong enemy figiil ng patrols stabbed across the Senio immediately south of the tary requirements and the fact that hog marketings are running below previous estimates While prevailing point values for all lamb and most veal remain unchanged along with the current 24point ration cost of butter these boosts for example have been ordered enemys last ditch stand in places of the Hochwald gap be Lween Wecze and Kervenheim within 22 miles of the great Rhine part of Duisburg and less than 10 of the Ruhr city of Wcscl across the Rhine The Canadian and American 9th airaies were within 25 miles or so of a junction which might trap thousands of nazis west of the Rhine Allied warplanes were keeping a vigilant watch on the Rhine for signs of a mass retreat east ward and shot up clusters of riverv barges and tugs at one point A wholesale withdrawal of Field Marshal von Itundstedts mauled and bleeding armies has jiot yet begun across the river AP Corre spondent Roger D Greene he ported from Field Marshal Mont gomerys headquarters First army tanks self propelled T i mam FacnzBologna highway at fc from night and attacked 8th army strongpoinls but were driven back M1IM UMUUII KU 11U11I I Ill 4 6 points a pound So does beef chuck up from 3 points Short ribs go from I to 3 points boneless brisket from 2 to 4 and to n Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy TO BED CROSS Emmctsburg Lyons Izaak Walton fox hunt chairman here has turned S2250 receipts from recent pelt sales and bounty over to the Red Cross bnl there are a great many prima donnas in the world who want to be heard We may have a little delay it ive listen to all the prima donnas As the president concluded his remarks and adjusted his glasses members of congress rose to ap plaud loudly JAPS SINK NAVY CARGO SHIP Report Loss of 200 Aboard Serpens Washington ammuni tionladen naval cargo ship Ser pens has been sunk by the Japa nese in the south Pacific area with the loss of all 200 men aboard the navy announced Thursday The navy also announced loss ot 2 other vessels one of them the small cargo ship Extractor was mistakenly sunk by an American submarine The other vessel was the large landing craft Lici 600 which went down after hitting a Japanese mine in the harbor of a central Pacific base The 14250 ton Serpens was manned by a coast guard crew A few of the Serpens crew happened to be left ashore when the ship sailed and thus escaped The na ture of the enemy action was not disclosed haul from the Marianas to the en emy capital While the 3rd division was wedging deeply into the center of he enemy line the tankled 5th division on the western flank drove ahead several hundred yards against stiff opposition The 4th division on the east ern flank also went over to the attack but made only limited against Japanese firmly entrenched in sharp ridges ris ing from the east coast The 3rd divisions advance re moved the enemy threat to new lycaptured Motoyama airfield Xo central well as threatened Motoyama air field No 3 the uncompleted northern airstrip Moloyama air field No 1 in southern Iwo al ready was being used by artillery observation planes Motoyama bypassed town sur rounded in the divisions advance lies in the middle of the central plateau and contains a sulphur mill government offices a school and a cluster of dwellings Still ahead of the marines were hundred more concrete pillboxes blockhouses and gun positions in the rocky ridges at the northern Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with rain Thursday night and rain changing to snow Friday Little warmer Thursday night with lowest temperature about 30 decidedly colder Friday Iowa Mostly cloudy with rain Thursday night and rain chang ing to snow Friday Little warmer Thursday night be coming decidedly colder Friday Minnesota Cloudy light rain in extreme southeast portion late Thursday light snow north por tion Thursday and Friday and in southwest portion Friday Light rain in southeast portion Friday changing to light snow Marked drpp in temperature overspreading northwest por tion Thursday night and entire state Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics and bacon RO from Euns and infantry with bayonets and flamethrowers rumbled across the Erfl river before Cologne info several bridgeheads in a swelling floodtide of assault Iwwer Armor fanned out Infantry widened the crossings under heavy artillery fire A prisoner reported that Ger man troops before the 9lh army had been ordered to fall back east of the Rhine First army field officers told AP Correspondent Don Whitehead they were expecting only a delay ing action before Cologne a rav aged city of 7G8000 and that there was no indication that the Ger ans had been able to mobilize fticient strength to contest seri usly Ihe great ot tensive culling 5 miles deep into Germany Nearest first army troops to Co gnc were on the main highway Among pork cuts end chops are boosted 1 point to 6 a pound i Boneless hams whole or half go from 7 to 8 points snareribs from 3 to 4 and fat backs hocks and jowls to 2 points from I to zero Loin roasts go from 6 to 7 points Many sausage products noiv ra tionfree will cost points again as will a number of liver items such as braunschwetger and tiv or loVf Many canned meats such as corned beef hash and deviled ham cither come off the point free list or get a boost in ration value In the few general beef exceptions to the hike porterhouse Maximum Wednesday Minimum Wednesday At 8 a m Thursday end of the island Each one must YEAR AGO be captured or neutralized in inI Maximum evitably bloody fighting 1 Minimum 35 20 26 35 23 and Tbonc steaks for instance will cost 9 instead of 12 paints a onnd Round steak is reduced to 0 points from 13 while a round ip beef roast will have a value ot points rather thai 11 A bone ess sirloin roast will require 10 points a pound down from 12 Stating the meat allocation to civilians in March will be 5 or per cent below February anil 13 o 15 per cent bcloiv January 01 an average weekly basis Bowie added It is clear that the rationing o redpoint foods for March will b the stiffest since rationing began The average point value for pound of beef will be at approxi matcly the level ot Decembe 1943 Saying the smaller meat suppl forecast by government officia is now becoming a reality Bowles added that the suppli available are not even coming u to our earlier expectations rom Ducrcn well cast of Mod atli where a new Erft river ridgchead was fashioned Weather worsened along the rent early Thursday with heavy loud levels down to 2000 leet fter dawn Prisoners flocked into cages of attacking allied armies by the hundreds The Hlh army total since Feb 23 rose above 11500 he 1st army had captured morn than 3500 The 3rd army seized 1897 Wednesday anil the Cana dians look another 500 for a cam paign total of 15500 The rate of capture the real test of Gen Eisenhowers maxi mum objective of destroying Ger man armies west of the continued at from 7000 to 10000 a day The supreme command said 7168 were caged on Feb 27 The largest reported gains were made by the 3rd army along the Moselle where Lt Gen George S Pattens men advanced up to I3i miles on a 50mile treat cap ;