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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 1, 1943, Mason City, Iowa 3 ft 5 j 4 V NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND AflCH o e s M oiN e 5 IA VES VOL XLIX ASSOCUTED NORTH IOYVANS NEIGHBORS UNWED LEASED WHtES MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 1 1943 7H1S PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION umir SECTION NO 122 1000 TONS OF BOMBS HIT SUB BASE Nazis Attack on North Tunisia Front ALLIED FORCES MOVE AHEAD IN CENTRAL AREA Axis Manages Slight Gab in Effort to Flank MedjezelBab By CARL C CRAXMER Associated Press War Editor German infantry and tanks switching a persistent attack to the northern setters ot the Tu nisian front have battered thoi way a short distance into allied lilies northwest of MedjezElBab in an effort to flank that allied forward base allied headquarters dispatches reported Monday In Ihc central sectors how ever American and British forces were reported moving forward both to the south and the northeast from recaptured Kasserine nap after their re covery of the initiative in that sector with the smashing ot Marshal Erwin Rommels of fensive The allied advance io the northeast it was an nounced officially was pro ceeding without meeting oppo sition Allied headquarters dispatches said the Germans had hammered a path slowly to three miles be yond Sitli Tfsir only 18 miles northeast of the road junction of Beja and 40 miles west oE Tunis This represented only a slight gain in the lace of stubborn op the British first army and a terrific allied air assault ifvrtuch was said to have lelt a bloody chaos in axis ranks This gain was reported after an communique had announc ed that the continuing axis at tacks at half a dozen points along a 65mile front in the north had been turned back Sunday The communique said how ever that a particularly strong assault had been made on the road toward Beja in an ob vious effort to flank Medjcz ElBab the natural spring board for an eventual allied of fensive against Tunis and Bi zertc Spitfire and hurricane pilots reported scores of hits on six wheeled and other armored ve hicles and two waves of flying fortresses made one of their heaviest raids on Cagliari in Sicily where they reported hits on four ships clocks warehouses and railroad yards The Italians ad mitted 200 persons were killed in the raid on Cagliari Railroads bridges and roads between Sousse and Sfax also were bombed A Reuters dispatch from North Amca said American engineers clearing away dense minefields which the Germans had planted to protect their retreat had en tered Feriana 12 miles from the Algerian frontier and 40 miles northwest of Gafsa The occupation of Fcriaiia from which the Germans once had threatened the American base of Tebessa in Algeria meant the allies had progressed about 18 miles sincetaking Kasserine at the eastern end ot the strategic mountain cap re captured late last week after American and British infantry artillery and armored units had smashed Marshal Erwin Rom mels bid for the initiative In the north the British first army grouped to contain Gen Jurgcn von Arnims forces in the area of Tunis and Bizerte was in holding the enemy in every instance an allied com munique announced Sunday In the course of the fighting heavy casualties in men nncl ma terials were inflicted on the en emy the communique said As in centra Tunisia the Ger mans had signalled the opening of intense north African operations by a series of half a dozen at tacks on a 65 mile front from near the northern coast to south MedjezElBab Concentration of Japs Reported Bernstein Is Charged With OPA Violation DES MOINES Iowa oflice of price administration sale Monday that a complaint IHU been filed with the clerk of the federal court at Fort against Max Bernstein operatoi of a slaughter house al Masoj City W V The OPA said the complaint alleged that Bernstein slaugh tered meat when be had no quota for such operations a vi olation of OPA regulations U also charged that he sold meat which had not been graded by a department of agriculture in spector in accordance ivith OPA rules The complaint asked an in junction restraining Bernstei from further alleged violations of OPA orders The action brought to five the number of complaints the OPA has filed against lowaiis for al leged illegal slaughter and sale meat Injunctions were oblainccl Sat urday restraining Guy Fiscel and his son Homer both of Perry from further alleged violations of OPA meat regulations Guy Fiscel was charged with slaughter in excess of his quota over a period dating from Oct 1 1943 and with the sale of meat not graded by an official department of agriculture srader Fiscel operated the Per ry locker service Homer Fiscel is charged with slaughtering 67000 pounds of meat which was distributed Des Moines through regular re tail channels in violation of reg ulations In previous actions William Pratt dairy and hog farmer near Runnels anci the Spencer Pack ing company of Spencer were named Actions taken so far have been injunctions lo force compliance with the law but the cases arc still subject to criminal coi plaints OPA officials say that Ibwa black market cases already stud ied show that more than 350000 pounds of meat has been slaugh tered outside the quotas MERCURY WILL DIP BELOW ZERO Temperature Sinks to 1 Above in Mason City DES MOINES weather bureau forecast the mercury would drop below zero in some sections of Iowa Monday night Readings ranging from near zero in the southern section to 10 below in the north were forecast Sunday nights minimum was one above at Mason City while t was two above at Spencer and Tort Dodge Highest Sunday was 50 at Ames reading of 60 Are 111 From Meal Served in Hospital PUEBLO Colo 50 patients and 10 sisters at SI Marys hospital were stricken by food poisoning which Dr J J McConnel reported cviiGiiu ic from the noorTmeal served at tnc hospital None of the vic tims conditions was critical Although not wild March started with the viciousncss of a lion m Mason City Monday the mercury dipped lo above and the ground covered with a light snow as one was fait of SHIPMENTS NOT CAUSE OF FOOD SHORT AGE HE RE Stettinius Says Lend lease in Reverse Has Helped in U S Army WASHINGTON R Stel Unius Jr told the senate foreign relations committee Monday that lend lease shipments of agricul tural products to other countries arc not responsible for anv food shortage in the United States Urging continuance of he program the Jend lease admin istrator testified that food ship ments under his direction to taled only 6 per cent in dollar value of American farm produc tion last year He added how ever that hc expects such ship ments to double during 1043 He said that while lend lease shipped 18000000 pounds of beef this Country received 25 000000 pounds from other coun tries Stettinius said lendlcase in re verse makes it necessary to spend no more than 325000 a month in Great Britain to maintain our army there Other sources have estimated 500000 U S soldiers are stationed in the British isles In urging a yearsextensiohof the lendlease low Stettinius mho administers told the senators that the reciprocal con tributions the United States has received from the other united na tions was a most inspiring chap Much equipment and sup ter plies was given our soldiers with out the asking he declared In the last war he testified some 82500000000 was ex pended in a year and a half bv our army m France and Great Britain In this war the total dollar pur chases of our army in Great Brit Planes Sight Assemblage of Big Force By THE PUESS The united nations were put on notice by General Douglas MacAr thur Monday that the Japanese who for months have not at tempted any largescale offensive enterprise are concentraling their mam strength in the ring of islands stretching for 2000 miles or more to Ihe north of Australia Our air reconnaissance over the past weeks reports a con stant and growing reinforce ment in all categories of enemy strength in the island perimeter cmeloping the upper half of Australia said the allied head quarters communique issued in Australia s The enemy seems lo be concen trating his main effort in prepara tion on this front Such an as semblage of major force indicates he is taking up a position in readi This announcement was sup plemented by a headquarters spokesman who said the Japanese preparations might be either for defense or offense The warning of General Mac Arthur followed repeated state ments in recent months by Pre mier John Cmtin of Australia that the southwest Pacific area is still a crucial battleground DEIVE JAPS 30 RULES FROM WAU NEW GUINEA Meanwhile American and Aus tralian troops which have smashed one Japanese army of 15000 in New Guinea were declared to have driven the Japanese back about miles from Wau site of an al lied airfield in northeastern Nev Guinea is about 35 miles southwest of Salamau a coastal base which the Japanese have held since early lasl year There was no official report however on how close the allied force was to Salamau The Japanese still held nu merous bases in the northwest ern Solomons New Guinea New Britain and the Dutch East In dies to the northwest of Aus tralia For several weeks the number of Japanese targets in this wide range of islands has been growing in allied lists of air operations and it appeared probable that the Japanese under cover of the monthslong battles in the Soio mons and New Guinea had been engaged in making themselves solid not only in half a dozen ot their better known bases but throughout the area HEAVYCOUNTER DRIVES OPENED BY NAZI FORCE Russians Claim Chain of Villages West of Kharkov Captured MOSCOW Soviet force rumbling westward toward the Dnieper seized a chain of villages west of Kharkov Monday while the Germans hurled thousands of troops into furious counterattacks against the Russian flank to the southeast Perhaps significantly the soviet high command in its midnight communique for the first time in recent weeks referred lo fightin m the area of Kramatorsk 100 miles southeast of Kharkov rath er than southwest of that im portanl railroad city as hcreto tore V The German radio claimed mat axis troops had recaptured both Kramatorsk and Lozovaya M railes west northwest of Kramatorsk by storm The Germans were throwin irtsh troops into action on the Kramatorsk front as fast as they arrived and buttressing their at tacks with scores of tanks One town changed hands several times in the course of o days fightin the midnight communique said but by night the Soviets were lirmly in possession of il after killing 500 German officers and men The midday communique did not mention the Kramatorsk liout but reported the repulse of a counterattack southwest of Vor oshilovgrad in the eastern end of the German salient in he Ukraine and said that pursuing soviet forces captured an inhabited lo cality More than 100 Germans were killed and prisoners booty were captured munique said Urge Support of Invaluable Service Given by Red Cross F R Asks Nation to Give War Fund Campaign ain from July 1 to Dec 31 104 amounted to less than one million dollars and they are declining month by month Present cash ex are running less than xOOO a month While Stettinius made no ex planation of this figure militarv authorities said it was obvious hat it did not include the pay of American troops stationed in the Bribsb isles but only the pent there for supplies for those roops Sfeitinius said lend lease in reverse had cost our allies much creator hardships than the American people had felt as a result of his nations contribu tions toward tic war Stettinius said that while lend case aid to Russia was smail in comparison to the Soviets own production of war materials the issurance that the flow of these munitions and other vital supplies vould continue at an acceleratina rate has also been of importance Conceding that aid to China thus aihad been very small because t the transportation difficulties he witness said that every hu man effort and ingenuity Will be inroo n i t ixercJsed lo get icndlcnse sim hantes a against Chinas into China province Huge fires were 1 set Other American flyers from fn dia were reported in a commu nique to have damaged and prob ably sunk a 7000ton merchant ship soulh of Rangoon big Burma port and to have spread devas tation among warehouses and am munition dumps at Waingmaw a Japanese base in northern Burina used for the Yunnan drive w V S AIRMEN DUMP BOMBS IX BURMA CHINA I In other far Pacific rrcas American airmen were busy strik ing blows in China and Burma The American air force under Brig Gen Claire L Chcnnault re newed its offensive against Ihe Japanese along the Burma road after a months layoff due to bad weather and spilled tons of bombs on warehouses and barracks at Mangshih 30 miles west of the Salween river where the Japa nese have been making some ad IOWA FIRMS HONORED WASHINGTON iV The irmynavy production awards IBVC been given lo the Uchtorff ompany of Davenport Iowa and he Wmcharger corporation Sioux ity Iowa the war department cpurtcd the and com if Durnis a twoday battle that ended Sunday southwest of Voroshilovgrad 200 Germans were killed and three enemy tanks were disabled the mid msht bulletin said In another sector the Russians repulsed a counterattack and drove the enemy back lo his initial posi tions after inflicting heavy losses The chain of villages west of Kharkov fell to soviet troops after fighting in which two enemy in fantry companies were annihi lated Twentythree trucks loaded with supplies were captured the communique reported The advance followed the cap ture of two large inhabited places in Die same general area Sunday when soviet tanks darting around he German flank straddled a highway cutting off the enemys retreat and annihilated nearly 1000 troops Nine German arm ored vehicles and 3G carloads of supplies were seized WASHINGTON Roosevelt asked the nation Sunday to contribute at leuit 3125000000 to the Red Cross for its greatest crusade now that we arc en gaged in a uai to decide whether all our concepts of mercy and human decency are strong enough lo sur Nor m a n 11 Davis chairman of the American Hed Cross rend the chief execu tives message over four radio networks f o r Mr Roosevelt who is recover ing from an in testinal disturb ROOSEVELT alThe president recalled that he recently visited the north African theater of war and said that wherever our fight ing men over the world the American Red Cross is by their side extending always the arm of helpfulness and comfort Proclaiming the month of March as Red Cross month and ap pealing for contributions Mr Roosevelt told Americans that each one of you who has a friend or relative in uniform will meas ure the significance of this cru sade in your own heart American commanders of the men on the sea and land fronts also joined byi radio in the ap peal General Dwiglit D Eisen hower speaking from north Africa said Nimilz Declares Navy Ready to Grab Forward Positions WASHINGTON indi cation that Americas navl might in the Pacificis about ready to undertake a drive for positions from which Japanese industrial centers can be brought under di reci and devas tating attack c a in e Sunday I If Admiral I Chester W N i m i t com mander in chief of the Pacific fleet Wo are now I at the cross roads Pa cific campaign Nimilz said in a iidio broadcast sponsored b y the American Red Cross His nieparcd state ment was re leased by the navy in Washington Through the unmatched devo tion of Hie men who held tile lines in the trying months of Ihc past year we have turned back lie enemy in ihc south Pacific The loss of Guadalcanal marks the first defeat of that kind suffered by the Japanese in modern time from now on he continued the going will be tougher nwe undertake the task of driving the enemy from prepared positions he has been building in the conquered areas V x II is our job lo destroy his shins and planes and to neutral ize his island stronspoints as we drive toward the positions from where we ean reach with our RAF LASHES AT ST NAZAIRE IN FIERCE ATTACK Speculation Grows on Softening Up Process Leading to Invasion LONDON UR Hundreds of bnlish bombers blasted the Ger man Uboat base of St Nazaire France with 1000 tons of bombs m a thunderbolt saturation rani Sunday night it was an nounced Monday while specula tion grew that the allies had be Hiiii softening Hitlers European fortress for an invasion f Carryingthe most sustained AngloAmerican aerial offen sive of the war past the T hour mark Britains biggest aircraft delivered the main weiKhl of the attack in a little over 30 minutes A British announcement said he weight of the assault appeared to Die cneinv defenses Few German night fighters were Other British bombers raided reported husband or very dear friend serv ing somewhere in lie armed for ces The Americai the single Red Cross is organized agency that that man those things brings to thai have no place in official e u i p m c n t table but do to in u c h for his wellbeing and morale The text ot Mr Roosevelts message u s t a few iveeks igo was P r i v i 1 cgcd to isit a part of the north Afri can theater of war and t see and t a I k ivilli our soldiers and sailors who man EISENHOWER that front Among these men in north Africa arc the sons and Brothers and husbands and friends all Red Cross crusades in Ihe name of that we arc engaged m a war to decide wheth er all our concepts of mercy and human decency are strong enough to survive In the axis nations mercy and decency are regarded as synonyms for weakness and decadence In our land it is from our great tradition of mercy that we lake part of our strength Each one of you who has a friend or relative in uniform will measure the significance of this crusade in your own heart You at your house bctler than anyonc else what it means to be sure lhat Ihc Red Cross stands thc of our soldiers or sail or miles from home and to wish 1 ore or marines wherever thev miv lira well i be J of many of you who arc listening at Ihis moment I wish it were iomehow possible to share my ex perience with you because I ivhat it would mean lo you to have ihc chance to clasp the hand of some relative or friend thousands nerve centers Our men have he will and the i spirit of cnry on and our home i trout is busily engaged in supplyI ing us with lie lools Admiral Nimitz said that lie foresight of the Red in build ing up a blood plasma supply it Pearl Harbor in prewar days was instrumental in saving of hundreds of wounded on Decem ber 7 when Japanese bombs fell on that naval base objectives in western Germany the air ministry announced r ive bombers were missing from the raids Every type of bomb in the British arsenal ranging from 8 000pound super block busters to two pound incendiaries was dumped on the docks submarine pens and other installations at St fcazairc which lies at the north ern end of the Bav of Biscay The bombers encountered heavy clouds as they swept across the English southeast coast and roaredover iiorHr France but the sky had cleared tiyi the time they reached SI Nazaire The communique described the attack as very heavy indicating that hundreds of fourengincd Halifax Lancaster and Stirling bombcrs Iattici U probably was the heaviest of 44 RAF raids on the port which also has been raided in daylHit by American flying fortrcssE and liberators Sunday nights attacks carried the aroundtheclock allied aerial olTensive against Europe into the otirth night ami wound up the heaviest month of allied raids since the start of the war British and American planes based in Britain made 43 at tacks on Germany and Picd territory during February at a total cost of 176 aircraft of which 20 belonged to the 8th U S air force Girl Barbers Work in Marine Corps Shop OCEAKSIDE Cal a manpower shortage so Capt Earl T Crawford hired Lucilc Mary Rounds and Peggy first girl barbers ever o work in a marine corps shop r urlhcrmoro hes goinq to in crense the staff of barbcrcts to even BIKES AVAILABLE DES MOINES bi cycles will be available in March Tor 1003 lownns the new quotas released by the Iowa office of iiicc administration revealed The state reserve is 301 There is one way for you however to reach this hand of I love and friendship across the ocean For wherever our fight ing men arc all over the world the American Red Cross is by their side extending always the arm of helpfulness and comfort At home we have grown ac customed to the role of the Ilcd Cross in every national emerg ency in every local catastrophe a generous friend to those over taken by trajjedy Even our en emies know about the American Red Cross because it has never let international boundaries act as the limits of its mercy V The American Red Cross beI gins today the greatest single cru sade of mercy in all history 1 1 is undertaking a task unprecedented because this war is unprecedent ed We undertake this gn All hundred and thirty how in dispensable to victory is nlc work of this gretl acency which Roes on every minute of every fai5 everywhere on earth where it is needed tions that raids on ORSOX WELLES REPORTS HOLLYWOOD O r Vo n Welles youthful stage screen and radio star reported for an physical examination army Monday moans of housewives and clerks regarded as inevitable at least for a few days until nco Plc set used lo the point syscm To help lessen the confusion an estimated 1000000 specially trained volunteers stand ready in shopping list and the point value chart before leaving hc house The real trick of point rationing is for each member to figure ou CDiiiiiiering the point values of each item just what it wants to get with its 48 points pel person during space purchases so that points will be left for monthend use you go to the store or order by Phone dont tear out the cou pon stamps until a store cm Pier1 including delivery boys can watch you During March you may use all the blue stamps which bear the letters A B or C The figures on these 2 5 and RESTAURANTS START REGISTERING FOR FOOD rms SIOINES Monday had new angles for Iowa housewives When the lady of the house went to her food store she was armed with her new blue ration stamps for shopping with poinls Meantime restaurants holcls circulating that clothing ration ing wrs due brought the greatest clothing rush in the history of the city Apparel and readyto wear stores were crowded dur ing the afternoon and night with some stores remaining open long after their usual closing hour Stocks were reported greatly depleted Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Monday afternoon and Monday nichf owcst Monday night eight be low continued cold forenoon moderately winds Tuesday strong 10 and continued i wric IOWA Colder Monday with lowest temperature zero below in the north zero in the south cold Tuesday forenoon MINNESOTA Continued Cverc cold Monday night and Tues day forenoon IN MASON CITY GiobcGazcttc weather statistics Maximum Sunday 33 Minimum Sunday night 1 At 8 a m Monday t novy Trace Maximum 31 Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday YKAR AGO Maximum jj Minimum 15 Simultaneously with the slep pcdup aerial offensive nearmg the BOtli hour of around Ihcclock predio largescalc commando the Germanoccupied Atlantic coast are imminent as anotncr step in preparing for an allout invasion Allied observers cautioned however that the sollcningup process probably would lake weeks and perhaps months rather than days to complete Sunday nights attack comaleted the heaviest month of alliedraids since the start of the war The ex act tonnage of bombs dropped was not disclosed but it was believed far in excess of the 4000ton monthly average maintained last year However unofficial sources es timate that the tonnage for the one month atone exceeded the G600 tons of bombs dropped bv German planes during the three months of September October and of liHOjhe period of heaviest raids on this country The German assault included raids on London on 57 consecutive nights German losses for the three months totalled 1089 planes The allied ot tacks now were on a scale that British planes wrie reported to have flown a cumulative total of 1500000 miles octwecn Thursday night and Sat urday morning The sustained offensive begun Ihursdny night with the RAFs shattering attack on Nurnbcrg southern German industrial cen ter was carried forward with an American daylight raid on Wil hclmshaven Friday an RAP attack on Cologne Friday night an American raid Saturday on Brest German Uboat on the French At lantic coast a British attack the same day on Dunkirk another oc cupieci French port an RAF as rau on western Germany Satur day night and RAF attacks Sun day on the German airfield at Maupcrtus near Cherbourg France and factories at Hengclo Holland and Liege Belgium ;