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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, June 30, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 30, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AKC 1 DES C 0 w THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLU AcocUted Press and United Press Full Leased Win Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 30 1945 NO ta CHINESE RECAPTURE AIR BASE CITY INSIDE WASHINGTON Newsmen Irked by Stimson Restraint on Army Chiefs By Central Press Capital Staff Washington Newsmen a s signed to the War department are irked at the efforts of Secretary Stimsori to impose restraints on some of the name generals who have recently returned from Eu rope The generals are potentially good commodity in grow ing scarcity about the Pentagon building First indication of the quasi censorship came when Gen Omar N Bradley held a news confer ence Bradley next to Eisenhow er Is the leading strategist on the western front Despite his ap pointment as veterans adminis trator Stimson kept him to a his torical account of the battle of Germany Stimson barred all questions about the Veterans a bureau of considerable concern to 11000000 servicemen and their families Similarly Stimson bot tled up Gen George S Patton al though the questions involved no possible security When Eisenhower came to Washington Stimson was absent from the news conference Ike sounded off at length on what he thought should be done about war criminals Stimson had previously halted Bradley from answerin V this one because it was for the lawyers question SENATE SLOWS PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION ACt Upper House Inclined to Study Out Problem Before Taking Action Japs Report Allied Fleet Off Balikpapan Growing Getting Ready for Landing Manila allied fleet off Balikpapan Borneo is increas ing in size Tokyo Hadio said Saturday and now includes 41 ships plus several the size reported by the enemy 2 Washington set by through The fast clip the house in shoving legislation to make its presiding officer next in line for the presidency is due for a senate slowdown This was plain Saturday be Look For More Congressional to capture the the war against investigations headlines as Japan draws to a close High on the list will be the surplus prop erty muddle The tipoff came from one prominent senator who most re main anonymous when Guy Gil letteformer senator from Iowa resigned as surplus properly board chairman Im got said is too nice a fellow to take the Blacking around thatboards going tbget r Another significant comment from Seh TomStewart D of Tennessee during a hearing on the lack of a central inventory of available surpluses for small busi ness Surplus property is on the wrong track he It may turn outto be another Teapot Dome Clinton Anderson D of New Mexico is likely to move quickly to provide more poultry for meathungry easterners after he takes over as secretary of ag riculture on July I He is how on tour of the western states probing the poultry and egg situation Anderson is expected to urge the army to buy its poultry from the midwest instead of purchasing all of its quotas from the Dela ware Maryland arid Virginia area This should allow more food for the east is also reported to favor shipment to Europe of food ofwhich there is an ample supply in this country This would in clude cereals and some grains United States Civil Service commission figures show that ap 15000 World war II placements were made in the government civil service dur ing April This swells to 343020 it was explained the number of veteran placements made in the govern ment service from January 1943 down to the present Since July 1 1943 7580 physi cally handicapped persons have been placed in the government service s t Southern Democrats and most republicans did not like the sup reme court decision freeing Harry Bridges west coast longshore mens leader from the deporta tion order issued by Attorney General Francis Biddle 3 years ago it is doubtful that congress will take any further action againsfBridres The reason is that a bill offered more than 5 years ago directing the deportation of Bridges was revised to include the removal of all aliens who were or subsequently became communist party members at the time of their entry to the United States The antiBridges faction feels thatthe supreme court decision would now militate against con gressipnal approval of any legisla tion Specifically ordering the de portation of Bridges SPEND IT WISELY Jackson Miss T Kendall Mississippis assistant attorney general received a check for a 2cent income tax refund An attached form message from the secretary of the treasury stat ed This refund check is yours to do with ss you please cause of senate preoccupation with international relations and a dis position to study out the succes sion problem thoroughly Lusty cheers for veteran Sam Rayburn of Texas accompanied house voice approval Friday oi the measure to make Rayburn the designated successor of President Truman Under present law it is the secretary of state but Mr Truman only 10 days earlier asked congress to put the speaker ahead Some senate democrats are re ported cool to the idea for fear a republican victor in the 1946 con gressional elections could have a republican become house presid ing officer with first claim to the presidency in event Mr Truman did not serve out his term The ranking member of the elections committee Senator Bridges RN has called for rompt action before Presidenl Cniman leaves for the approach ng big 3 meetine in Germany Senator Tydings DMd favors the plan but says it should be considered carefully However the senate is prepared to put everything aside during consideration of the united na ions charter for world peace anc lopes after ratification that rnem geUa3say for delayed summer The houseVapproveo propose putsthe speaker ahead of cabine members in case the country is left without a presidnt or vice president Mr Truman asked tha Ihe speaker serve only until a special presidential election could tie held But the house voted against that contending such a provision would violate the con stitutional requirement that a president be elected for 4 years Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy r weeks ago Under cover of furious bombardments preached shore to carry out and careful reconnaissance re ated the Domei dispatch The broadcast was unconfirmed although Gen Douglas MacArthur acknowledged Saturday that guns of light naval units have taken up the bombardment of the oil rich eastern Borneo coast allied small craft ap Domei reiterated that an allied landing in the Balikpapan area is imminent MacArthur said light naval units raided shore targets on Bor neo south of Tarakan island at night alter combined 5th 13th and RAAF attacks Thursday dumped 281 tons ofbombs on Balikpapans warehouse district Australians now hoid 125 miles of coastline in North Borneo and Sarawak the Melbourne radio said Oil wells on recaptured Tara kan off Borneos east coast al ready are pumping fuel into allied storage months after D day In the Davao area of Mindanao the first sizable haul of Japanese civilians surrendered to American troops Associated Press Corres pondent Richard Bergholz in a dispatch from 8th army headquar ters said 75 Japanese women and children walked into American lines to be interned Whether they have been held behind Japanese lines since Davao fell to Americans 2 months ago was not made clear Poorly clothed and hungry but not starving they were taken into custody by elements of the 34th infantry regiment which cap tured Kibangay Only 161 of an estimated 17000 Japanese civil ians in the Davao area have sur rendered In easternMindanap a small force doughboys moved steadily lip the wild Agusan valley in a drive to contact remnants of Japans 30th division SHORTLIVED JOY Peabody Mass u s t 5 days after the Peabody lodge of Elks burned the mortgage on its building the building itself was ruined by fire SCOUT PLANE GOES U S Pacific fleet scout plane encountering difficulty as it took off from an aircraft carrier flight deck falls toward the wa ter with its wing tip about to strike the water despite attempts of the pilot to right it as shown in top photo The craft is in the water bottom photo and the pilot at left of the greenhouse and his crewman to the right climb out to effect a successful escape These are official U S navy photos NEW CABINET TAKES OVER 4 New Members Begin Government Duties Washington UPJ Four new abinet members take office Satur ay in the biggest shingle shakeup n a presidents official family ince the late President Roosevelt rst took office in 1933 Their inauguration is regarded as step toward reorganization ol tie governments executive agen ies with emphasis on improving dministration of food supply and abor problems The incoming cabinet members re Lewis B Schwellenbach of Vashington who replaces Frances erkins of New York as secretary f labor Robert E Hannegan of Missouri replacing Frank C Valker of Pennsylvania as post naster general Tom C Clark of exas taking over from Francis Biddle of Pennsylvania as attor ney general and Clinton P An derson of New Mexico succeeding laude H Wickard of Indiana as ecretary of agriculture Anderson will also replace Mar vin Jones whose duties as war ood administrator have been combined with the agriculture de partment in one of the major re organization moves President Truman still has om cabinet vacancy He is expected to send the nomination of James F senate Monday or Tuesday for secretary state to replace Edward R Stettinius Jr who resigned to represent the U S in the new world security eague Schwellenbach who replaces th only woman ever to hold a cabine ost resigned as federal judge fo he eastern district of the state o Vashington Of the departing officials Wick ard will become rural electrifica tion administrator and Jones wil return to his job as a judge in th court of claims Miss Perkins and Biddle will take long vacations Walker will return to his dutie as president and general counse of Comerford Theatres Inc which operates a chain of motion picture houses in Pennsylvania Mew York and New Jersey Turks Report Red Plan for Dardanelles By UNITED PRESS Hadio Ankara said Saturda that Russia has proposed that th Bosporus and Dardanelles b closed to all warships excep those of the Soviets and Turkey Russia made the proposal i discussing terms of a new soviet Turkish friendship treaty to re place that denounced by th Soviets earlier this year FCC monitors quoted Ankara as say ing The Russian suggestion woul render the Montreux pact to large extent superflous Ankar said The Montreux pact gav Turkey control of the straits be tween the Black and Aegean Sea and permitted her to fortify them The broadcast said diplomat quarters in London believed Bri tain had informed Russia that would be best to leave any modi fication of the control of th straits to the Big 3 rather tha the Soviets alone Civilian Reservations on Trains Now Aviilabl Only 5 Days in Advance Washington Sat urday civilians can get reserva tions on passenger trains only days in advance There has been 30day limit during most of th war The change was ordered by th office of defense transportation t assure the maximum utilizatio of limited amount of space no available to civilians and to mak it easier for furloughed soldiers obtain train space Designed as a further step discourage unessential rail trave the new rule may doom many in tended vacations making a retu from sojourns uncertain Buy yonr War Bonds an Stamps from your GIobeGazet carrier boy CHINA THEATER CHIEF MEETS WITH COMBINED STAFF Gen Albert C Wedemeyer of Omaha Nebr commanding general of the U S forces in the China thea ter and U S chief of staff to Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek is shown presiding over a meeting of the combined Chinese and American staffs in the warroom of the China thea tcr headquarters at Chungking This is an official United States army signal corps photo B29s Continue Raids on Jap Industry Hitting 8th Target in Campaign SADOANI Mananas Is STATUTE MILES 100 200 U S WALKS States forces expending only a single pistol cartridge occupied 6 islands of the northern Mari anas group it has been an nounced by Adm Chester W Nimitz The unique operation was carried out by one de stroyerescort and 2 153 foot long LCFs which landed 2 platoons of Negro infantrymen and volunteer native guides The islands Anatahan Sari Kan Alamagan Asuncion Ag rigan and strung ont in a chain from 75 to 325 miles north of the island of Saipan 6 DIE IN MAINE FIRE Augusta Me persons including 4 smallchildren were burned to death early Saturday when a flash fire swept a small story and onehalf frame dwelling here No July 4 Issue Because of the continued shortage of print paper the Globe Gazette will print no issue under date of July 4 This announce m e n t is given here for the information of both readers and adver tisers Guam B29 knockout mEiign against oil plants on Ja pan was extended Friday mid night to the 8th rich target Raiding the enemy homeland tor the 2nd time in onedaynearly 50 Supefforts bombed the Kudur matsu oil refining plant withhigh explosives The plant Nippons 4th largest is on the inland sea coast of southwest Honshu Tokyo radio said at noon the same day B29s raided the south west area of Hokkaido island and one was damaged by interceptors The federal communications commission heard Tokyo say that Friday night 10 large enemy Jlanes sowed mines in the north Honshu harbors of Niigata and Sa kata The 21st bomber command an nouncing the Kudumatsu raid Sat urday disclosed that since the big sombers began hitting oil installa tions on Japan May 10 they have destroyed 73 per cent of the Korl yama chemical plant 59 per cent of the Hodagaya chemical plant at Koriyama 45 per cent of the Otake oil refinery all tanks of the Tokuyama naval oil storage facili ties SO per cent of the Takyyama synthetic fuel plant roof area and 32 per cent of the ByProduct storage tanks 70 per cent ofthe storage tanks and 90 per cent ol the buildings at the Oshima naval oil storage facilities Tokuyama Photographic assessment r e mains to be made of the damage wrought on the Utsube river oi refinery near Yakkaichi June 26 and on the Kudumatsu plant Fri day night The raid atKudumatsu followed a predawn strike Friday by near ly 500 Superforts at the big naval base of Sasebo and 2 other porl cities of Kyushu and the industrial city of Okayama on Honshu Fleet search planes which al ready have sunk or damaged ap proximately 290000 tons of enemy shipping in enemy home waters also were active Friday They sank a small cargo ship south of Hon su and hit warehouses and rail road tunnels at Katsuura harbor southeast of Tokyo fleet head quarters said in Saturdays com munique In Manila Gen Douglas Mac Arthur Saturday reported tha blockading patrol planes deal blows at oil stores around Shang hai China Hit docks at Canton destroyed or damaged railroac bridges transportation equipman and other installations in the Indo ChinaHainan sector and set a freighter afire in the Chukai river of Malaya WLB THREATENS AKRON STRIKERS Unions Contract Rights May BeWithdrawn Washington war labor joard in an unprecedented move threatened Saturday to withdraw contract rights from 16700 rubber workers at ikron Ohio unless they end their 2week old strike promptly Chairman George W Taylor in a statement addressed to the strik ers at the Goodyear Tire and Rub ber plants warned that the board will consider whether it should modify its directive orders regard ng maintenance of membership and checkoff shift premium and vacations unless work is resumed mmediately Taylor said this ac ion would be studied in executive session Monday unless the strike ends in the meantime In viejv of your local union of ficers defiance of tho government and their refusal to use the order ly procedure of the bojrd Taylor said a question arises whether maintenance of membership checkoff and dues and retroactive payment of shift premium and va cations should be withdrawn This was the second major move threatened by the government in its attempt to send the 16700 CIO United Rubber Workers back to their jobs William H Davis eco nomic stabilization director Fri day directed cancellation of occu pational deferments for draft reg istrants participating in the walk out Yanks Tommies at Berlin London an British occupation forces ma move into Berlin Sunday a Lon don Daily Express dispatch from Brunswick said Saturday Eecon naissance groups from the 2 armies already have entered tin former German capital seeking accommodations for the inain forces the dispatch said THEIR TIME Decatnr Ga clul ladies showed up at the neighbor hood butcher shop with cards anc scorepads and calmly sat down in the midst of a crowd of shoppers for their regular session while th butcher awaited his weekly mea shipment I LIUCHOW FALLS AFTER WEEKS OF BESIEGING Japs Had Held City Since November When U S Airforce Left Chungking Chinese high command announced Satur day tht Chinese troops recaptured Lauchow former U S 14th air force base at midnightFriday The recapture of the strategic Kwangsi province junction city came afler bitter fighting through its suburbs The center of the city in flames for a week or more was destroyed the Chinese said The Japanese had been in con trol of vital Liuchow since last November when the U S 14th air force abandoned the base Kweilin more than 100 miles to the northeast of Iiuchow which also was among the bases aban doned by the 14th air force at that time now is directly threatened by other Chinese forces who last were reported within 10 miles of the city A Chinese army spokesman said a Chinese arc was being pushed down from the north and north west within 10 to 18 miles of the city The Liuchow airfield in the southern suburbs was retaken by the Chinese on Wednesday in heavy fighting while the center of the city itself was in flames Recapture of Liuchow where the Japanese fought a rearguard action with only a handful of troops while their main forces moved toward Kweilin ended the first phase of Japans redeploy ment strategy in China which began with the abandonment of Yungning relinquish rnent of their connection andisblatiori of an es timated 200000 trbops in smith east Asia The gap In the raptured corridor extended from Liuchow to the su burbs of Japaneseheld Pingslang the ImloChina airline distance 11 miles from total of 225 miles With the reoccupation of Lau chow delayed by rearguard re sistance by about 1000 enemy troops the KweichowKwahgsi railroad became thefirst rail line in China partly or totally held by the enemy to revert entirely to Chinese control Repairs of course will be necessary Chinese quarters predicted that the Japanese would contract their positions on the HunanKwangsi HengyangLiuchow railroad to a point about 120 miles southwest of Hengyang They said the enemy intention appeared at present to protect the vital HongkongHan kow corridor which if severed would isolate forces in the Hongkong and Canton areas The high command announced belatedly that Chinese troops on June 24 had recaptured Chung chingfu on the KwangsiIndo China frontier northeast of the im portant IndoChina town of Cao bang War Bond Flies High But Returns Home Prophetslovn 111 tor nado which hit here Wednesday night wiped out Claude Newlons home and filling station Among the missing articles in his home was a war bond from a table in his home Friday Newlon was advised by police at Dixon I1L 50 miles away that a woman had found his bond in a Dixon street Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness Saturday night and Sunday thundershowers Saturday after noon and night occasional light showers Sunday Little change in temperature Iowa Considerable cloudiness Sat urday and Saturday night with widely scattered showers Fair Sunday Cooler Saturday night and Sunday cloudy with scattered light showers Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy with light showers southeast portion continued rather cooL IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 82 Minimum Friday 58 At 8 a m Saturday 67 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 48 House Okays Extension of PriceControl Washington UR i The house Saturday gave lastminute ap proval to legislation extending price control for another year and giving the new secretary of agri culture broader food control pow ers i The final vote was 255 to 94 The house vote completed con gressional action on the measure Preparations were made to fly the bill to President Truman at sas City for signature before the act expires at midnight Saturday Otherwise there would be a tem porary lapse in OPA at least tech nically Republicans were defeated in efforts to retain original house provisions to provide court re views of OPA orders and give the secretary of agriculture virtual food czar powers As approved Hep Clinton P Anderson D N Mex the new secretary of agriculture will have authority to veto all future office of price administration food pric ing orders OPA Postpones Registration Date Washinston OPA Sat urday postponed to October 14 the deadline for farm slaughterers to register under the agencys meat control program The deadline was extended to permit registration by farmers who do not begin slaughteding until fall OPA said ;