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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 30, 1942, Mason City, Iowa y NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PftESS Am UNW PRESS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE THIS PAPHl COASTS SECTIONS WiffiSHJiiSISTSTIFFLY IN DESERT Cirt Off Nazi LOSE Auchinieck Takes Command OAA of Rritish in 200 TANKS IN KURSK BATTLE Reds Report Attackers Gained at Sevastopol Then Were Forced Back BULLETIN TSEW YORK British radio reported Tuesday that 8 000 Germans Here slaughtered in a frustrated effort to cross Sewernaja bay east of Sevasto pol in hundreds of rubber boats The BBC was heard here by CBS By HENRY C CASSIDY MOSCOW forces on the Kursk front above Khar kov have cut off German infan try forces which pierced thei lines in several sectors and mor than 200 nazi tanks have beci smashed in two days the armj publication Red Star reporteu Tuesday in the first detailed ac count the massive new battl raging in that area The frontline account said that Marshal Timoshenkos de fenders closed in quickly be hind thc wedges driven by thc nazis before supporting tanks could be brought up in this battle which perhaps represents thc beginning of Hitlers gen eral offensive up and down Ihe front With the enormous tank losses inflicted upon the Germans Red Star said much of the sting had been drained from the German attack red defenders hurled back subsequent German attacks In the two other violently ac tive battle sectors Sevastopols warweary defenders rallied to beat back reinforced German shock troops to position from which theylaunched a 48hour assault and on the Kharkov front heavy but indecisive fighting still raged NAZIS MAKE GAINS IN SEVASTOPOL BATTLE Despite the rally by Sevastopols valiant garrison the Germans sub sequently made new gains par ticularly in the northeast sector of Ihe Crimean fortress The situation there plainly was one of mount ins gravity since the Germans were re ported now to have hurled 15 225000 into the battle in a supreme ef fort for a quick knockout No matter what the outcome oE the unequal struggle for the ruins of the city this is a victory for soviet arms Red Star said History will always remember the duel of one lone garrison with 15 German divisions Elaborating its account of the Kursk fighting Red Star said the Germans began their big push there Sunday with artillery and anassault against Russian front positions after massive nazi con centrations of infantry motorized and tank forces had been brought up While endless streams of big shells screamed over German air raiders in groups of 20 Planes each blasted at soviet fortifications with bomb ana ballet Then under an umbrella of more Planes the nazi infantrymen charged through pulverized Rus sian positions followed by tank in waves of 30 to 75 each Soviet artillery antitank bat teries and sappers heaving hand grenades and bottles of gasoline mcl the advancing tanks and slowed them down while red in fantrymen closed thebreaches torn by Hitlers foot troops 4i BX9 a m on thc rirs iay of the German offensive the battle field was cluttered burned iikn UUlHtJtl out and exploded chassis of 53 German tanks thc newspaper ac count said Claim Sevastopol Defenses Pierced BERLIN nazi commu nique asserted Tuesday that Ger man forces attacking from the north had penetrated Sevastopols inner defense ring crossing Sew Ernaja Bay in the face of stub born enemy resistance FORMER BANKER DIES DES MOINES D Melt rev 33 former Ames Iowa bank president and city official died here Monday of British in North Africa Supersedes Ritchie Churchill Tumultuously Received by Commons LONDON Minister Churchill announced Tuesday that General Sir Claude J E Auch inieck commander in chief of British forces in the Middle East had taken command of thc British eighth army in North Africa on June 25 superseding Lieut Gen Meil M Ritchie Ritchie had commanded the desert army since last Dec 11 he took over from Lieut Gen Sir Alan Gordon Cunning ham Churchill who spoke on his first appearance in the house of commons after his return from the United Slates was re ceived tumultuausly in the chamber The prime minister who faces a challenge to his war leadership gave the house no accounting of his conferences with President Roosevelt and only this brief statement of the shift in command eighth army I do not propose lo make any ilatement today about the mo mentous battle now being fought 11 Egypt but I feel the house would wish to know that on June 25 Genera Auchinieck decided lo assume command of thc eighth irrny personally in succession to General Ritchie As soon as Auchintcek in ormed the government of the de cision he had taken he was at once told that it had our approv Although that was his only formalstatement Churchill an swered questions Declining lo allow nubfica lion of the reports of General Sir Archibald P Waveli coni manderinchief in India on the losses of Malayaand Singa pore thc prime minister said they clearly would cause a great deal of illwill through out thc British empire Ritchies removal did not alter he ultimate control of Britains orces in the Mediterranean area ince Auchinieck already was commander in chief British observers expressed be icf that Auchinieck was dis atisfied with conduct of the campaign in the field where litchie was in charge white he presumably operated from head quarters in the rear Auchinieck who was VVavells uccessor in the middle east went o the front last November after another big British offensive had ogged down It was then that Ritchie replaced Cunningham Now Auchinieck goes under imilar circumstances Ajain re erses set in for Britains desert C J E AUCIIINLECK 8th Army ALLAN G illTCHIE Uis Command ightcrs after confident rom North Africa had led the reports public to believe the campaign vas developing favorably Fire Upon Our Positions MOSCOW Fire upon iur positions With this dramatic message to heir own artillery a gallant red army battery hopelessly sur ounded by the Germans on Sevastopol front wrote its own neroie epitaph Russian dispatches aid Tuesday Under murderous assault by y erman planes artillery and in YOUTHS 18 TO 20 IN USSIGN UP WASH INGTON h r e e million men o 18 19 and 20 regis tered for selective service Tuesday m the fifth nationwide draft regis tration completing the official roster of some 43000000 men of 18 lo 65 The 20 year oldE are subject to call for thc army Those who reached the age of 20 by last Dec 31 were registered on Feb 1G and many already are in uniform Although the 18 and IS year olds are not subject to immediate call the army has indicated it would like congressional authoi zation to draft them It is now in the midst of a recruiting campaign directed at men under 20 and war department spokesmen have told congressional committees that in many combat assignments youths of 18 and 10 make thc b6st sol diers Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Somewhat cooler Tuesday afternoon through Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Little change in temperature Tuesday afternoon through Wednesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 70 Minimum Monday night 53 At 8 a m Tuesday 69 YEAR AGO 42 BILLION WAR FUND MEASURE ISSENTTOFR Congress Speeds Up to Finish Work Before Fiscal Year Ends WASHINGTON m debate the house quickly com pleted legislative action Tucsda on a recordbreaking 000 war department appropria tion bill Representative Sivydcr D Pa called up the measure which had been approved by the senate a little earlier with 31 minutes of debate anct ob tained concurrence of the house in two minor amendments one of which would make certain that the money would be avail able starting Wednesday upon President Roosevelts signature The other would prohibit the carrying of advertising by urmj camp newspapers Thc senate also adopted Tues day a conference report on a bil appropriating for the works progress adminislralioi dunns the next fiscal year In addition 536900000 is available to Die WPA from unexpended previous appropriations This bill it is estimated will take care of 400000 on thc WPA rolls during the next year It now goes to the white house for the presidents approval The senate also adopted and sent to the white house legisla tion appropriating foi war housing in the district oE Co lumbia Passage ot the recordbreakiii army supply bill was on a voice vole that appeared unanimous Tile army bill with aypro prialions far exceeding the cost of the last war carried funds for the purchase of 23 510 waiDlanes and aproximately 100000 tanks Under its terms the army would be built up from its present strength of ap proximately 2500000 men to mcji by July 1 1313 Ot thc total amount appropri ated would be set aside for lendlease operations 11316000000 allocated to the aviation program 59948000000 or ordnance purchases and 53721000000 for transportation and equipment The newly created womans auxiliary corps would receive 528334000 for its operations dur ing the fiscal year beginning Wednesday In accepting a joint confer ence committees recommenda tions Ihe senate agreed to a house stipulation that senate confirmation of justice depart ment antitrust attorneys and special attorneys be limited lo those receiving 57500 or more annually The senate originally had demanded confirmation of all such lawyers drawing more lhan 55000 Working fast to clean up its business before the new fiscal year begins the senate next com pleted congressional action on the 5178000000 interior department appropriation The legislation carries an item long in contro versy of 53723000 for a trans mission line for thc Central Valley Project in California and 5200000 for a steam standby plant both urgently requested by President Roosevelt Axis Pushes Post Matruh Axis forces 111 Oil till1 111 tm iv iiiuxaiUILlil British naval base was bombed Evacuee Win by Bombing Nazis DECLARES THEY CANT TAKE IT Ruth Mitchell Among Those Arriving on Diplomat Exchange Ship JERSEY CITY N J Mitchell sister of the late Britja dier General Billy Mitchell who was an early advocate of the use of air power declared upon her return from mrzidominatcd Eu Tuesday that the way to bent Germany was by bombing from nilplanes The fliin blondhaired woman who joined the Jugoslav Chctnik quernlln army in April 1941 and ater spent almost a year in 12 iifiercnt concentration camps owing her arrest by thc German gestapo viis the first of 04 pls to disembark from the liploniatitexchange liner Drott linsholm Bombing by planes is Ihe way lo neat Germany she tolil in terviewers They cant lake if She said the Chctniks still were fighting magnificently in the mounlains of Jugoslavia and are keeping five divisions of Germans engaged The passengers included more han 500 American nationals ex changed for axis citizens Also iboard were 42 Canadian and aimAmerican nationals and a roup of minor United States dip omntic officials Miss Mitchell the wife of Stan cy Knowles a British subject told f spending miserable months in Jorman prison camps during vhith she said she and others wcrc lltreated By contrast she said he Germans fell over backwards o be nice to her during her Jast ive days in Germany at thc Span rm concentration camp near Bcr in She said she was arrested by re gestapo as she was bathing on beach at the Adriaticresort port f Dubrovnik in September 1041 At that time she had been a chelnik for several months and had lakcn lie chetnik nledfrc of suicide rather than surrender ami carried in the collar of her uniform a vial of poison which she said she still retained British Report Thousands orYankees Reached Egypt Declare Quantities of Equipment Have Reinforced 8th Army was wearing said Many of het were shot suit she friends she said German prison n camps adding that in the Lieb enau concentration camp there were 300 British and 5G American women prisoners She brought will her a basket made of string by British women prisoners at Liebcnau who she said wished to have it presented to President Roosevelt fled Cross parcels which prisoners received added saved our lives It was doubtful she said if they could have lived without them The white painted vessel which had Fateconduct passage from all the belligerents arrived at her pier from Lisbon shortly after a m House Again Votes fof End of CCC WASHINGTON W The house voted a second time Tuesday to end the civiiian conservation corps program Tuesday nighi The aclion came when the members refused by a roll call vote announced as 228 to 121 to instruct its con ferees on a billion dollar labor federal security bill lo agree a senate decision approved by Vice President Wallaces lie breaking vote lo continue the activity into tlic new fiscal year stirlinf Wednesday a STKOOOOOO approprialion MERKEL STORE FIRE PUT OUT Rubbish piled on top of an in cinerator in the boiler room of Merkel company store 12 South federal avenue caused a small fire and smoke damage in the de partment building Tuesday after noon The fire department was called to the store at Tuesday rt and extm antry the battery held out for hree days and died to thc last man rather than surrender 0rJrofLees Leave for Induction Center LONDON URBritish pre dispatches from Cairo asserted Tuesday that thousands of United States troops new army air corp crews and planes and large quan tities of American equipment had arrived in Egypt to reinforce tin eighth army A Daily Mail special dispatch reporting the arrival of the ail corps planes and personnel said that stilt more American aerial reinforcements were b c i n K rushed ti the Egyptian zone Reports from Egypt coiitiimec to tell only of irresistible axis pressure and a gradual BritisI withdrawal to some line cast ol Matruh where if the offensive ol German Field Marshal Erwii Rommel continues eastward a frontal defense might be offered to defend Alexandria base of the Mediterranean fleet and Suez There were reports that ad vanced axis armored columns al ready were approaching the Fukn air base 50 miles east of Matruh and that Gen Sir Claude Auchin leek British commander in chiei m the middle east might elecf to make a stand at El Daba 75 mile east of Matruh and 95 miles from Alexandria or fall back to a lin before Alexandria itself 3 Already there lias liecji talk here that the British misht have o destroy up to 580000000 in duality Egynlian colloii the worlds largesl stuck in a scorchedearlli oiifire if he Germans actually threaten Alexandria Some quarters held here tint the eighth army would be wise to continue to fall back as slowly as Possible to the shortest line possible between thc sea and the Qattara depression This point is in the El Daba vicinity was evident that the Britisi needed reinforcements and it said that if they did not t to f Ictcdthey rai lexandria or beyond To the strains of Remember Pearl Harbor CJty municipal band a largo gioup of Ccrro Gordo draftees left by bus for the slate induction center early Tuesday morning SEE STORY OX PAGE 5 They were given a sendoff by 17 civic and uam otic organizations Presents including an auto candy and cigarets were given to the boys before they kft Upon induction Tnto the army the drat tecs will Vjc given a 14dav fur lough to return to their homes beforebeing sent to army camps throughout the nation IJOCK photo Kayenay engraving Gneisenau Reported to Be in Gdynia Port LONDON Mtmo ton German battleship Gneisenau which slipped through the English channel from Brest Feb 13 des pile a heavy British aerial attack is anchored in the former Polish port ot Gdynia with her three II mch gun turrets dismantled Brit ish aerial photographs showed Tuesday About 30 feet of the ships forecastle deckalo has been removed and thc British ex pressed the belief she had suf fered such serious damage that sne may be out for the dura lion The air ministry said it would be impossible to make the necessary largescale repairs on the vessel at Gdynia BOUGHT FOU AIRPORT ESTHER VtLLK ci council has approved pinchaw additional land for thc airoorl U S BOMBERS HIT ATTACKING AXIS COLUMNS Italians Claim Fuka 45 Miles East of Matruh Is Passed BULLETIN LONDON UR Ucssajris from Europe Tuesday reported that thousands of German par achute troops lnul bctn rushed from Sicily to Greece for a uos sibleair invasion of the near cast ir the axis offensive in Efrjtil is hailed by unfavorable weather or British reinforce ments in thc desert west of Alexandria Thc parachutists supplementing axis airborne troops already in Crete anil Greece could strike at Palestine and Syria in event the Egyptian campaign is delayed it was rc liorlcd By KOGER D GKEENK Associated Press War Editor Field Marshal Krwin Hummers lo mile drive inside Egypt was reported running inlu stiffened Tuesday as U a army flyers and fresh New Zealand troops reinforced the Briiixh j pcrial armies amid heavy fighting HO miles west of the great Alex andria naval base Alexandria itself was bombed again during the night An ItAF communique said U S airmen were pounding tlic invaders by day and niBht al lackinir axis columns west of iMatriiii and Iiomliiiic ciicmyoc cumcd Tobmk in Libya Front line observers reflected some optimism over thc new trend ot the battle but the situation re mained extremely critical A bulletin from Itaiian head quarters said axis motorized col umns had passed Fuka 45 miles east ot fallen Matruh Cairo dispatches however dc carcd that reinforcements in planes and men were helping to rally the weary British lith army nocatcd that the British i n 8 exv Iositions iboiit aO miles east of Matruh On t mile lino strctehiti hiiaml rom the Mediterranean sen o the Egyptian dcalh valley known ns the Qalalv depression fcrilish imperial headquarters id thc 8th army figiitiny despcr itcly under a new command had thrown back large forces 01 enemy tanks and vehicles on Sunday west of Fuka Fielcl Marshal Erwin Rom mel s panzers advanced duel were engaged in the same area by our forces The communitiuc said xcw Zealand troops battled armored forces and infuKry jj another sector and inriictcd heavy casualties in hamlln hand liayonct fighting V In London Prime Minister Churchill cheered by wrhamcnt following his return rom the United States announced jit Ocn Sir Claud J E Audi ulcck commander in chief of British middle cast forces had akcn over personal command of he British 8th army A cnnny Scotsman one of Bril in s ace trouble shooters Gen Michinleck supersedes Lieut Gen Neil M Ritchie field commander the disastrous Libyan carn laign Although the outlook in the even day old battle ol Egypt vas still grave there were indi ations that American airmen and planes and New Zealand rein orccraents were stiffening the veary British armies In Cairo an American military Irecrvcijiiit back from the front eclaicd lie situation ciiinnt classified as good after such reverses as have been suffered i Ihe desert it certainly is mil hopeless and looks bclfcr now than a few days ago f The KAF lias kept control of ic air and this has had a tre mendous effect on the moral of ic troops Tlic commentators said that in ic last phases of tlic withdrawal he British retreated in com 11 ur nothing to all into thc hands ot the enemy untish military quarters scoffed t axis claims that Gen Rommels nvaacrs had stormed Matruh sterling that the fortress had cer stripped and left as a ghost town dummy to mukc ommcl utc up his supplies while ic British slipped away new defense positions Prime Minister Churchill who ace a nunconfidcncc challenge ;